20 June 2011<br />Navigating the Minefield<br />Images & Copyright<br />
2<br />Objectives<br />What & Why: the problems faced<br />Practical issues: making copyright work for you<br />Future sol...
The situation<br />You have images still in copyright in an obsolete format<br />You don’t own the copyright to all the im...
4<br />opyright, Designs & Patents Act<br />riginality<br />rotects creative works<br />	can’t I do that?!<br />ests with ...
An image is a... <br />Photograph<br />Film still<br />Screenshot<br />Chart/Table<br />Diagram<br />Map<br />Tattoo<br />...
“It’s ok, no-one will ever find out”<br />University had to pay royalties and damages after not taking down a stock image ...
Permitted Acts	<br />You can provide and use images for/under the following:<br />Exams and Assessed Work<br />Visually im...
8<br />Fair Dealing<br />Restricted to<br />Non-commercial research and private study<br />Criticism or review<br />Report...
Criticism and Review<br />Directly commenting on an image<br />Comparing the works of two artists and/or looking at their ...
What is not fair dealing<br />Derogatory treatment<br />Using more than needed, or not in context<br />For illustration on...
Licensing solutions<br />Collection management societies<br />Developed licensing schemes e.g. Creative Commons<br />Indiv...
The ‘grey’ areas<br />Image analysis:<br />What is it? (and/or what is it of?)<br />Where did you get it?<br />Who owns it...
Dealing with images – Librarian 2.0 style<br />Be proactive not suspicious<br />Educate<br />Library school training 101<b...
Where from?<br />Subscription (educational) resources<br />Education Image Gallery **soon to become MediaHub**<br />Bridge...
Some ideas... <br />Copyright Friendly Wiki http://copyrightfriendly.wikispaces.com/<br />Yale Digital Images (freely avai...
Future solutions<br />Hargreaves Recommendations<br />Enable digitisation and use of orphan works<br />Update preservation...
Promoting best practice<br />Policies and Procedures<br />Clarify licence terms in plain English<br />User education<br />...
Leaving you with words of encouragement...<br />18<br />Reproduced with kind permission of Brian Solis<br />
Copyright & images – advice and guidance<br />JISC Digital Media  www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk<br />Intellectual Property Of...
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Navigating the minefield arlis presentation

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Emily Goodhands presentation on images and copyright delivered at the ARLIS VRC event 'Slide Librarian 2.0 : image curating in the digital age' held at the London College of Fashion, June 14th 2011.

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Navigating the minefield arlis presentation

  1. 1. 20 June 2011<br />Navigating the Minefield<br />Images & Copyright<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Objectives<br />What & Why: the problems faced<br />Practical issues: making copyright work for you<br />Future solutions: freedom and flexibility<br />Image by Jacob Cass, Just Creative Designs. <br />Reproduced under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic licence<br />
  3. 3. The situation<br />You have images still in copyright in an obsolete format<br />You don’t own the copyright to all the images in your collection and aren’t too sure who it belongs to<br />If one more person says Google Images <br />to you, you’re going to scream... <br />3<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />opyright, Designs & Patents Act<br />riginality<br />rotects creative works<br /> can’t I do that?!<br />ests with the Author<br /> ntellectual Property<br /> ranted Automatically<br /> orribly Long<br /> erritorial<br />C<br />O<br />P<br />Y<br />R<br />I<br />G<br />H<br />T<br />
  5. 5. An image is a... <br />Photograph<br />Film still<br />Screenshot<br />Chart/Table<br />Diagram<br />Map<br />Tattoo<br />Illustration / Drawing<br />Collage<br />Computer generated work<br />Clip art<br />Logo<br />5<br />Image from Flickr by K!T reproduced under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Licence<br />
  6. 6. “It’s ok, no-one will ever find out”<br />University had to pay royalties and damages after not taking down a stock image taken from the Internet<br />Stock images are invisibly 'tagged‘<br />Image recognition and tracking software are used to find images on the Web<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Permitted Acts <br />You can provide and use images for/under the following:<br />Exams and Assessed Work<br />Visually impaired (conditional)<br />Library privilege (limited)<br />Acts done under statutory authority<br />7<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Fair Dealing<br />Restricted to<br />Non-commercial research and private study<br />Criticism or review<br />Reporting current events (not photographs)<br />Always credit the author<br />Multiple copies are not considered fair dealing<br />Flickr Image: ‘the dealer’ by IsuruSenevi, available under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial-No Derivatives licence <br />
  9. 9. Criticism and Review<br />Directly commenting on an image<br />Comparing the works of two artists and/or looking at their artistic influences<br />Theorising about a work or artistic movement and using an image to make your point<br />Reproducing an image from an exhibition in a review of that exhibition<br />9<br />
  10. 10. What is not fair dealing<br />Derogatory treatment<br />Using more than needed, or not in context<br />For illustration only<br />To generate publicity, advertise or increase sales <br />Use on a front cover<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Licensing solutions<br />Collection management societies<br />Developed licensing schemes e.g. Creative Commons<br />Individual royalty-free or rights-managed licences<br />Always ensure you abide by the terms and conditions of a licence<br />11<br />
  12. 12. The ‘grey’ areas<br />Image analysis:<br />What is it? (and/or what is it of?)<br />Where did you get it?<br />Who owns it?<br />How old is it?<br />How and where is it going to be used?<br />Is there a licence associated with it?<br />JISC’s process chart on sourcing and using images<br />http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/images/clearing-rights2-lg.gif<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Dealing with images – Librarian 2.0 style<br />Be proactive not suspicious<br />Educate<br />Library school training 101<br />Use your search skills efficiently and innovatively<br />Evaluate sources and check the small print<br />Use social media<br />Reinvent yourself! <br />13<br />Flickr Image: ‘All New Librarian Action Figure’ by blg3, available under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial-No Derivatives licence <br />
  14. 14. Where from?<br />Subscription (educational) resources<br />Education Image Gallery **soon to become MediaHub**<br />Bridgeman Education<br />Science Direct image search<br />Search engines– limit to creative commons material<br />Flickr<br />Google image search <br />Commercial image databases<br />Getty, Corbis, Reuters, Press Association...<br />14<br />
  15. 15. Some ideas... <br />Copyright Friendly Wiki http://copyrightfriendly.wikispaces.com/<br />Yale Digital Images (freely available)<br />Xpert<br />Wikimedia Commons<br />Flickr Commons<br />Europeana<br />15<br />OR... <br />create your own images!<br />
  16. 16. Future solutions<br />Hargreaves Recommendations<br />Enable digitisation and use of orphan works<br />Update preservation to cover artistic works<br />European solutions<br />Orphan Works Directive (limited to published text works)<br />Collective licensing for out of commerce works <br />WIPO - Visual impairment, Educational & library exceptions<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Promoting best practice<br />Policies and Procedures<br />Clarify licence terms in plain English<br />User education<br />Risk management<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Leaving you with words of encouragement...<br />18<br />Reproduced with kind permission of Brian Solis<br />
  19. 19. Copyright & images – advice and guidance<br />JISC Digital Media www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk<br />Intellectual Property Office www.ipo.gov.uk<br />British Association of Picture Libraries and Agencies<br />www.bapla.org.uk/index.php<br />JISCMail lists (such as LIS-Copyseek) and archives<br />Twitter! (for communication and discovery)<br />19<br />

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