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Unit 7 general
 

Unit 7 general

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    Unit 7 general Unit 7 general Presentation Transcript

    • Unit 7 State, Local, and International Government
    • I. Levels of Government
    • A. Splitting Powers
        • Federal State Powers
        • Powers
        • Concurrent Powers
      • Federal Powers –
        • Foreign and interstate commerce
        • Declare War
      • State Powers-
        • Education
        • Transportation
      • Concurrent Powers- Taxes
    • B. Different Levels
      • Federal (national) Washington DC
      • State (50), Harrisburg
      • Local
        • County (67)
        • Municipalities (Cities, boroughs, townships)
        • School Districts (500)
    • C. State Government
    • 1. Executive Branch
      • Governor – Ed Rendell (D)
      • Allowed two terms, each four years in length.
      • Elected in Gubernatorial elections in even, non-leap years.
      • d. Powers
        • Veto
        • Commander-in Chief of National Guard
        • State of the State address
      • e. Departments
        • PLCB
        • Penn DOT
        • State Police
        • PDE
      • f. Other executives
        • Lt. Governor
        • Treasurer
        • Auditor General
        • Attorney General
    • 2. Legislative Branch
      • General Assembly – bicameral legislature
      • House of Representatives
        • 2 year terms
        • All elected at same time
        • Elect a Speaker
      • Senate
        • 4 year terms
        • Only half are elected at once
        • Lt. Governor is President of Senate
    • 3. Judicial Branch
      • State Supreme Court in Harrisburg
      • 7 justices
      • Elected for 10 year terms
    • D. Local Government
    • 1. County
      • Larger than cities and townships.
      • Philadelphia and Allegheny (Pittsburgh) are most populated.
      • Warren, Venango, and Crawford make up TASD.
      • Executive and Legislative Branch are combined.
      • e. Judicial branch is separate.
      • Officials:
        • Commissioners
          • a). 3 are elected.
          • b.) They choose a chair.
          • c). There must be commissioners from both parties.
        • Sheriff
        • Treasurer
        • Prothonotary – clerk, record keeper.
        • Commissioners and other officials sit on committees to set rules and services for county.
        • Departments
          • a). Housing
          • b). Aging
          • c). Assessment
          • d). Child and Youth Services
      • Judicial Branch
        • Court of Common Pleas
        • Service depends on population.
        • Family matters
        • Criminal law
        • Civil law
        • Estate disputes
        • Juvenile Court
    • 2. Municipality
      • Roads, water and sewage, property and income taxes.
      • Cities
        • Divided into three classes by size.
        • Elect a mayor & council.
        • May appoint a manager &officers.
      • Boroughs
        • Same gov’t as city
        • Smaller with less services.
      • Township.
        • Supervisors run township like county commissioners.
        • They also are workers for townships.
    • 3. School District
      • Biggest school districts are still run by cities (Philadelphia and Pittsburgh)
      • School Board
        • 9 members
        • Elected – every 4 years in odd numbered years, only half at a time.
        • Non-pay
        • They choose officers
          • a). President Donna Popieski
          • b.) VP – William Love
          • c.) Secretary/Treasurer can be member or employee.
        • School board meeting once a month.
        • Organize into committees during work sessions.
        • Critiques: Not necessarily professionals or experienced educators.
      • Administrators – they hire district officers
        • Superintendent – Karen Jez
        • As. Sup. Terry Kerr
      • d. TASD
        • 1869
        • 2,412 students
        • About 15,000 citizens
        • Between $15 and 20 million budget.
        • Most funds come from property taxes.
        • Some come from state and federal grants.
    • II. International Government
    • A. Similar to USA
      • United Kingdom - Constitutional Monarchy
        • Queen is figurehead (head of state)
        • Prime Minister (head of government) is elected by Parliament (legislature)
      • Japan
        • Has a constitution and an emperor.
        • Uses a bicameral National Diet (legislative branch) that elects a PM.
      • Mexico
        • Has a multi-party system (PAN and PRI)
        • President is Head of State and Government.
    • B. Different Governments
      • People’s Republic of China
        • Communist Oligarchy (rule by a small group of people)
        • Communists dominate political life
        • Limits on freedom of expression
      • Iran – Theocratic Republic
        • People elect a legislature and president
        • Religious Supreme Leader and Guardian Council can veto anything, even candidates for offices
      • Russia
        • Strong President that appoints a Prime Minister
        • Legislature (Duma, makes the law).
      • Saudi Arabia – Theocratic Monarchy
        • Religion is most important, but only because king says it is
        • All citizens must be Muslims
        • All visitors must follow Muslim law, cannot practice their own religions openly.