Unit 7 general
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Unit 7 general Unit 7 general Presentation Transcript

  • Unit 7 State, Local, and International Government
  • I. Levels of Government
  • A. Splitting Powers
      • Federal State Powers
      • Powers
      • Concurrent Powers
    • Federal Powers –
      • Foreign and interstate commerce
      • Declare War
    • State Powers-
      • Education
      • Transportation
    • Concurrent Powers- Taxes
  • B. Different Levels
    • Federal (national) Washington DC
    • State (50), Harrisburg
    • Local
      • County (67)
      • Municipalities (Cities, boroughs, townships)
      • School Districts (500)
  • C. State Government
  • 1. Executive Branch
    • Governor – Ed Rendell (D)
    • Allowed two terms, each four years in length.
    • Elected in Gubernatorial elections in even, non-leap years.
    • d. Powers
      • Veto
      • Commander-in Chief of National Guard
      • State of the State address
    • e. Departments
      • PLCB
      • Penn DOT
      • State Police
      • PDE
    • f. Other executives
      • Lt. Governor
      • Treasurer
      • Auditor General
      • Attorney General
  • 2. Legislative Branch
    • General Assembly – bicameral legislature
    • House of Representatives
      • 2 year terms
      • All elected at same time
      • Elect a Speaker
    • Senate
      • 4 year terms
      • Only half are elected at once
      • Lt. Governor is President of Senate
  • 3. Judicial Branch
    • State Supreme Court in Harrisburg
    • 7 justices
    • Elected for 10 year terms
  • D. Local Government
  • 1. County
    • Larger than cities and townships.
    • Philadelphia and Allegheny (Pittsburgh) are most populated.
    • Warren, Venango, and Crawford make up TASD.
    • Executive and Legislative Branch are combined.
    • e. Judicial branch is separate.
    • Officials:
      • Commissioners
        • a). 3 are elected.
        • b.) They choose a chair.
        • c). There must be commissioners from both parties.
      • Sheriff
      • Treasurer
      • Prothonotary – clerk, record keeper.
      • Commissioners and other officials sit on committees to set rules and services for county.
      • Departments
        • a). Housing
        • b). Aging
        • c). Assessment
        • d). Child and Youth Services
    • Judicial Branch
      • Court of Common Pleas
      • Service depends on population.
      • Family matters
      • Criminal law
      • Civil law
      • Estate disputes
      • Juvenile Court
  • 2. Municipality
    • Roads, water and sewage, property and income taxes.
    • Cities
      • Divided into three classes by size.
      • Elect a mayor & council.
      • May appoint a manager &officers.
    • Boroughs
      • Same gov’t as city
      • Smaller with less services.
    • Township.
      • Supervisors run township like county commissioners.
      • They also are workers for townships.
  • 3. School District
    • Biggest school districts are still run by cities (Philadelphia and Pittsburgh)
    • School Board
      • 9 members
      • Elected – every 4 years in odd numbered years, only half at a time.
      • Non-pay
      • They choose officers
        • a). President Donna Popieski
        • b.) VP – William Love
        • c.) Secretary/Treasurer can be member or employee.
      • School board meeting once a month.
      • Organize into committees during work sessions.
      • Critiques: Not necessarily professionals or experienced educators.
    • Administrators – they hire district officers
      • Superintendent – Karen Jez
      • As. Sup. Terry Kerr
    • d. TASD
      • 1869
      • 2,412 students
      • About 15,000 citizens
      • Between $15 and 20 million budget.
      • Most funds come from property taxes.
      • Some come from state and federal grants.
  • II. International Government
  • A. Similar to USA
    • United Kingdom - Constitutional Monarchy
      • Queen is figurehead (head of state)
      • Prime Minister (head of government) is elected by Parliament (legislature)
    • Japan
      • Has a constitution and an emperor.
      • Uses a bicameral National Diet (legislative branch) that elects a PM.
    • Mexico
      • Has a multi-party system (PAN and PRI)
      • President is Head of State and Government.
  • B. Different Governments
    • People’s Republic of China
      • Communist Oligarchy (rule by a small group of people)
      • Communists dominate political life
      • Limits on freedom of expression
    • Iran – Theocratic Republic
      • People elect a legislature and president
      • Religious Supreme Leader and Guardian Council can veto anything, even candidates for offices
    • Russia
      • Strong President that appoints a Prime Minister
      • Legislature (Duma, makes the law).
    • Saudi Arabia – Theocratic Monarchy
      • Religion is most important, but only because king says it is
      • All citizens must be Muslims
      • All visitors must follow Muslim law, cannot practice their own religions openly.