Unit 7 State, Local, and International Government
I. Levels of Government
A. Splitting Powers
- Foreign and interstate commerce
B. Different Levels
- Federal (national) Washington DC
- Municipalities (Cities, boroughs, townships)
C. State Government
1. Executive Branch
- Governor – Ed Rendell (D)
- Allowed two terms, each four years in length.
- Elected in Gubernatorial elections in even, non-leap years.
- Commander-in Chief of National Guard
- State of the State address
2. Legislative Branch
- General Assembly – bicameral legislature
- Only half are elected at once
- Lt. Governor is President of Senate
3. Judicial Branch
- State Supreme Court in Harrisburg
- Elected for 10 year terms
D. Local Government
- Larger than cities and townships.
- Philadelphia and Allegheny (Pittsburgh) are most populated.
- Warren, Venango, and Crawford make up TASD.
- Executive and Legislative Branch are combined.
- e. Judicial branch is separate.
- c). There must be commissioners from both parties.
- Prothonotary – clerk, record keeper.
- Commissioners and other officials sit on committees to set rules and services for county.
- d). Child and Youth Services
- Service depends on population.
- Roads, water and sewage, property and income taxes.
- Divided into three classes by size.
- May appoint a manager &officers.
- Smaller with less services.
- Supervisors run township like county commissioners.
- They also are workers for townships.
3. School District
- Biggest school districts are still run by cities (Philadelphia and Pittsburgh)
- Elected – every 4 years in odd numbered years, only half at a time.
- a). President Donna Popieski
- c.) Secretary/Treasurer can be member or employee.
- School board meeting once a month.
- Organize into committees during work sessions.
- Critiques: Not necessarily professionals or experienced educators.
- Administrators – they hire district officers
- Superintendent – Karen Jez
- Between $15 and 20 million budget.
- Most funds come from property taxes.
- Some come from state and federal grants.
II. International Government
A. Similar to USA
- United Kingdom - Constitutional Monarchy
- Queen is figurehead (head of state)
- Prime Minister (head of government) is elected by Parliament (legislature)
- Has a constitution and an emperor.
- Uses a bicameral National Diet (legislative branch) that elects a PM.
- Has a multi-party system (PAN and PRI)
- President is Head of State and Government.
B. Different Governments
- People’s Republic of China
- Communist Oligarchy (rule by a small group of people)
- Communists dominate political life
- Limits on freedom of expression
- Iran – Theocratic Republic
- People elect a legislature and president
- Religious Supreme Leader and Guardian Council can veto anything, even candidates for offices
- Strong President that appoints a Prime Minister
- Legislature (Duma, makes the law).
- Saudi Arabia – Theocratic Monarchy
- Religion is most important, but only because king says it is
- All citizens must be Muslims
- All visitors must follow Muslim law, cannot practice their own religions openly.