Unit 7 general


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Unit 7 general

  1. 1. Unit 7 State, Local, and International Government
  2. 2. I. Levels of Government
  3. 3. A. Splitting Powers <ul><ul><li>Federal State Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concurrent Powers </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Federal Powers – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign and interstate commerce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declare War </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State Powers- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concurrent Powers- Taxes </li></ul>
  5. 5. B. Different Levels <ul><li>Federal (national) Washington DC </li></ul><ul><li>State (50), Harrisburg </li></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><ul><li>County (67) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipalities (Cities, boroughs, townships) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School Districts (500) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. C. State Government
  7. 7. 1. Executive Branch <ul><li>Governor – Ed Rendell (D) </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed two terms, each four years in length. </li></ul><ul><li>Elected in Gubernatorial elections in even, non-leap years. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>d. Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Veto </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commander-in Chief of National Guard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State of the State address </li></ul></ul><ul><li>e. Departments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PLCB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Penn DOT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PDE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>f. Other executives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lt. Governor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treasurer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auditor General </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attorney General </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 2. Legislative Branch <ul><li>General Assembly – bicameral legislature </li></ul><ul><li>House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 year terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All elected at same time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elect a Speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 year terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only half are elected at once </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lt. Governor is President of Senate </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. 3. Judicial Branch <ul><li>State Supreme Court in Harrisburg </li></ul><ul><li>7 justices </li></ul><ul><li>Elected for 10 year terms </li></ul>
  11. 11. D. Local Government
  12. 12. 1. County <ul><li>Larger than cities and townships. </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia and Allegheny (Pittsburgh) are most populated. </li></ul><ul><li>Warren, Venango, and Crawford make up TASD. </li></ul><ul><li>Executive and Legislative Branch are combined. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>e. Judicial branch is separate. </li></ul><ul><li>Officials: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commissioners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a). 3 are elected. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b.) They choose a chair. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c). There must be commissioners from both parties. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheriff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treasurer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prothonotary – clerk, record keeper. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commissioners and other officials sit on committees to set rules and services for county. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><ul><li>Departments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a). Housing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b). Aging </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c). Assessment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>d). Child and Youth Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Judicial Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Court of Common Pleas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service depends on population. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family matters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estate disputes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 2. Municipality <ul><li>Roads, water and sewage, property and income taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided into three classes by size. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elect a mayor & council. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May appoint a manager &officers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boroughs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same gov’t as city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller with less services. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Township. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervisors run township like county commissioners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They also are workers for townships. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. 3. School District <ul><li>Biggest school districts are still run by cities (Philadelphia and Pittsburgh) </li></ul><ul><li>School Board </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9 members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected – every 4 years in odd numbered years, only half at a time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-pay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They choose officers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a). President Donna Popieski </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b.) VP – William Love </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c.) Secretary/Treasurer can be member or employee. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School board meeting once a month. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize into committees during work sessions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critiques: Not necessarily professionals or experienced educators. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Administrators – they hire district officers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Superintendent – Karen Jez </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As. Sup. Terry Kerr </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>d. TASD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1869 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2,412 students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 15,000 citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between $15 and 20 million budget. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most funds come from property taxes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some come from state and federal grants. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. II. International Government
  19. 19. A. Similar to USA <ul><li>United Kingdom - Constitutional Monarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen is figurehead (head of state) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prime Minister (head of government) is elected by Parliament (legislature) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has a constitution and an emperor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses a bicameral National Diet (legislative branch) that elects a PM. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has a multi-party system (PAN and PRI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President is Head of State and Government. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. B. Different Governments <ul><li>People’s Republic of China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communist Oligarchy (rule by a small group of people) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communists dominate political life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limits on freedom of expression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Iran – Theocratic Republic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People elect a legislature and president </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious Supreme Leader and Guardian Council can veto anything, even candidates for offices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong President that appoints a Prime Minister </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislature (Duma, makes the law). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Saudi Arabia – Theocratic Monarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion is most important, but only because king says it is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All citizens must be Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All visitors must follow Muslim law, cannot practice their own religions openly. </li></ul></ul>