Unit 7
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Unit 7 Unit 7 Presentation Transcript

  • Unit 7 State, Local, and International Government
  • I. Levels of Government
  • A. Splitting Powers
      • Federal State Powers
      • Powers
      • Concurrent Powers
    View slide
    • Federal Powers –
      • Foreign and interstate commerce]
      • Declare War
    • State Powers-
      • Education
      • Transportation
    • Concurrent Powers- Taxes
    View slide
  • B. Different Levels
    • Federal (national) Washington DC
    • State (50), Harrisburg
    • Local
      • County (67)
      • Municipalities (Cities, boroughs, townships)
      • School Districts (501)
  • C. State Government
  • 1. Executive Branch
    • Governor – Ed Rendell (D)
    • Governors are distrusted because of the Royal governors of colonial days.
    • Allowed two terms, each four years in length.
    • Elected in Gubernatorial elections in even, non-leap years.
    • e. Powers
      • Veto
      • Commander-in Chief of National Guard
      • State of the State address
    • f. Departments
      • PLCB
      • Penn DOT
      • State Police
      • PDE
    • g. Other executives
      • Lt. Governor
      • Treasurer
      • Auditor General
      • Attorney General
  • 2. Legislative Branch
    • General Assembly – bicameral legislature
    • House of Representatives
      • 2 year terms
      • All elected at same time
      • Elect a Speaker
    • Senate
      • 4 year terms
      • Only half are elected at once
      • Lt. Governor is President of Senate
  • 3. Judicial Branch
    • State Supreme Court in Harrisburg
    • 7 justices
    • Elected for 10 year terms
  • D. Local Government
  • 1. County
    • Larger than cities and townships.
    • Philadelphia and Allegheny (Pittsburgh) are most populated.
    • Warren, Venango, and Crawford make up TASD.
    • Executive and Legislative Branch are combined.
    • Officials:
      • Commissioners
        • a). 3 are elected.
        • b.) They choose a chair.
        • c). There must be commissioners from both parties.
      • Sheriff
      • Treasurer
      • Prothonotary – clerk, record keeper.
      • Commissioners and other officials sit on committees to set rules and services for county.
      • Departments
        • a). Housing
        • b). Aging
        • c). Assessment
        • d). Child and Youth Services
    • Judicial Branch
      • Court of Common Pleas
      • Service depends on population.
      • Family matters
      • Criminal law
      • Civil law
      • Estate disputes
      • Juvenile Court
  • 2. Municipality
    • Roads, water and sewage, property and income taxes.
    • Cities
      • Divided into three classes by size.
      • Elect a mayor & council.
      • May appoint a manager &officers.
    • Boroughs
      • Same gov’t as city
      • Smaller with less services.
    • Township.
      • Supervisors run township like county commissioners.
      • They also are workers for townships.
  • 3. School District
    • 1834 – First free public schools organized by state.
    • Municipalities ran schools due to center of population.
    • Agrarian calendar.
    • Today organized into 501 districts.
    • Biggest school districts are still run by cities (Philadelphia and Pittsburgh)
    • f. School Board
      • 9 members
      • Elected – every 4 years in odd numbered years, only half at a time.
      • Non-pay
      • They choose officers
        • a). President Donna Popieski
        • b.) VP – William Love
        • c.) Secretary/Treasurer can be member or employee.
      • School board meeting once a month.
      • Organize into committees during work sessions.
      • Critiques: Not necessarily professionals or experienced educators.
    • g. Administrators – they hire district officers
      • Superintendent – Karen Jez
      • As. Sup. Terry Kerr
    • h. TASD
      • 1869
      • 2,412 students
      • About 15,000 citizens
      • Between $15 and 20 million budget.
      • Most funds come from property taxes.
      • Some come from state and federal grants.
  • II. International Government
  • A. Iran
    • President and legislature
    • Receive their offices through election
    • Religious Supreme Leader and the Guardian Council supervise them.
    • No one or party can run for office without approval from the religious officials.
    • They have veto power over the rest of the government.
    • Religious laws under the Sahri’a prohibit immoral dress for women, inappropriate sexual relations, gaining unfair profit, and other actions.
    • Punishable by amputation of limbs, adulterers and homosexuals can be whipped, beheaded, or crushed by boulders.
    • People choose the president and legislature and there are some checks over religious leaders, Iran is a theocratic republic.
  • B. Saudi Arabia
    • A hereditary monarch rules over this Middle Easter nation-state
    • Crown controls all oil wealth, construction, and local communities.
    • King does allow the existence of religious police who roam the country looking for violators of Holy Quran
    • Schools must use the official religious text for education
    • Discussion of other religions in a favorable manner is forbidden.
    • Citizens and foreigners must follow the Sahri’a.
    • All citizens must be Islamic. Since the religious police are subject to the king, it is referred to as a theocratic monarchy.
  • C. China
    • Totalitarian Dictatorship 1950-1970 under Mao Zedong
    • Communist Totalitarianism (1970 – Present)
    • Central Party leads from Beijing
    • Local Party controls regions.
    • Complete loyalty of military
    • Elections do occur for party leaders.
    • Legislative elections are rigged, other parties are puppets of Communists.
    • Large social welfare system does not reach rural areas.
    • Industrialization has advanced cities with some capitalism.
    • Government is secretive.
    • Very little freedom of speech, press, assembly, petition, or religion.
    • Protest in Tiananmen Square in 1989 was crushed by army.
  • D. United Kingdom
    • Constitutional Monarchy – Parliamentary Democracy
    • First-past-the post elections occur where winner gets plurality of vote.
    • Prime Minister – Toney Blair (HG)
    • Queen Elizabeth II (HS)
    • She appoints the PM from the majority party of the lower House of Commons.
    • PM appoints minister to run departments.
    • Upper House of Lords acts as Supreme Court, nothing more.
    • Major parties:
      • Labour (similar to Democrats)
      • Liberal Democrats
      • Conservatives (Similar to Republicans)
    • Many social services including health care and tuition.
  • E. France
    • The Fifth Republic is a presidential democratic republic.
    • Bicameral legislature.
      • National Assembly –represent specific communities.
      • Senate elected by electoral college.
    • President (HS) elected for 5 year term is head of state and appoints Prime Minister.
    • Pres. may dissolve National Assembly
    • Prime Minister is (HG).
    • French Socialist Party (Democrats)
    • Rally for the Republic (Republican)
    • Nationalists – pro-French only!
  • F. Germany
    • Federal system.
    • Parliamentary democratic republic.
    • 1949 Constitution
    • Bicameral legislature
      • Lower Bundestag – parties get membership = to % of the vote they receive (proportional).
      • Parties with less than 5% of the vote do not get seats.
      • They choose a Chancellor – head of government.
      • Upper Bundesrat – Federal council, members elected from each state.
    • Convention chooses president (head of state)
    • Christian-Democrats (religious conservatives)
    • Social Democrats (like our Democrats)
    • Free Democrats (limited government)
    • Green Party
    • Coalition government – parties join together to rule.