Unit 6 – politics in america
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  • 1. Unit 6 – Politics in America
  • 2. I. Parties
  • 3. A. Pre-Revolution
    • Loyalists – wanted to stay with England
    • Patriots – wanted to revolt
    • Neutral – did not favor a side
  • 4. B. Constitution
    • Federalists – favored creation, strong, central government.
    • Anti-federalists – opposed creation, favored states.
  • 5. C. Early Republic
    • Federalists
      • Loose constructionists.
      • Alexander Hamilton
      • John Marshall
      • George Washington favored them
    • Democratic Republicans
      • Strict constructionists
      • Thomas Jefferson
      • Common man should have rights
  • 6. C. Early Republic continued…
    • Federalists lose elections to Jefferson.
    • They oppose the War of 1812 and looked like traitors.
    • The party dies.
    • Nation enters period known as “Era of Good Feelings,” cause there was only one party.
  • 7. D. Split
    • Too many people that disagree run for president in 1824.
    • Speaker Henry Clay “gives” election to John Q. Adams.
    • Jackson supporters are mad and break off to form Democrats.
    • Adams supporters become Whigs.
  • 8. E. Jackson Era
    • Jackson wins in 1828.
    • Supports common man.
    • Builds “party machine.”
      • Organizes in cities
      • Hires workers to promote party
      • Distributes pamphlets.
  • 9. F. Slavery
    • Whigs support nationalism, but are divided over slavery.
    • Party splits between North and South.
    • Northerners abolitionists join Free Soil party to make the Republicans.
    • They are able to win election 1860 with Abe Lincoln.
    • Democrats are weakened by divisions till 1930’s.
  • 10. G. Progressive Era
    • Socialists and Populists favor worker’s rights and opportunity for poor.
    • Democrats and Republicans make liberal ideas their own.
    • Prohibition.
    • Women’s Suffrage
    • Labor Unions
    • Conservation
  • 11. H. New Deal
    • People are disappointed with conservative Republicans.
    • New Deal coalition is an umbrella of supporters for Dems.
      • Southerners (conservative)
      • Eastern and Southern Europeans.
      • Unions
      • Jews
      • African-Americans.
      • Intelligentsia
      • All hope for economic intervention.
    • They hold onto most of the White House 1932-1968 and most of Congress 1930-1994.
  • 12. I. Change in Politics
    • Reagan (R) makes party more conservative.
      • Supports a big military to end Cold War.
      • Dislikes big taxes and government.
      • Makes American proud again after troubled 1970’s.
    • Clinton (D) brings party to a central point to compete with GOP.
      • Cut taxes for middle class.
      • Tones down support for abortion and gays.
      • Used military to protect people of Kosovo from persecution.
      • Starts welfare to work.
      • Balances the budget.
  • 13. J. Parties Today
  • 14. 1. Republicans
    • Family Values (Christian-Judean)
      • Pro-life
      • Favor traditional marriage
    • Low taxes, equal for all people.
    • Small government
    • Big military
    • Isolationist (?)
    • Pro-gun
    • Midwest and South, rural areas.
  • 15. 2. Democrats
    • Pro-choice
    • Favor civil unions
    • Use government to create economic opportunity.
    • Civil rights.
    • Internationalists – use peace, United Nations.
    • Taxes should be progressive, heavier for the rich.
    • West Coast, Great Lakes, Northeast, urban areas.
  • 16. K. Third Parties
  • 17. 1. Ideological
    • Philosophy or way of thinking that impacts many issues.
    • Communists & Socialists = Karl Marx.
    • Constitutional Party = Strict Constructionist
    • Libertarian = John Locke, Thomas Jefferson & protecting rights.
    • Reform Party = fix problematic gov’t.
  • 18. 2. Economic Issues
    • One specific money issue.
    • Taxpayers = low taxes
  • 19. 3. Single Issue
    • Only concerned about one issue.
    • Prohibition = no drinking
    • Green Party = started to fix environment, now covers more issues.
  • 20. 4. Splinter Party
    • Break off from large party.
    • Teddy Roosevelt’s Bull Moose Party broke away from Rep. in 1912.
    • Progressives and Dixiecrats broke away from Dems. In 1948.
  • 21. L. Organization
    • Party meetings at county and state level.
    • National committee decides platform and election strategy.
    • Chairperson runs committee, can be selected by president if he is in same party.
    • Conventions are every four years to nominate president.
  • 22. II. Elections
  • 23. A. Primaries
    • Spring
    • Different in each state.
    • Choose candidates for party
    • In PA they are closed, you can only vote within your party.
  • 24. B. General
    • First Tuesday following the first Monday of November.
    • All voters select the winners for offices.
  • 25. C. Presidential Elections
    • Exploratory committee is set up to find out if they have a chance.
    • Candidates visit New Hampshire for first primary in January.
    • They visit Iowa for first caucuses (where party officials choose candidate).
    • They gather as many delegate votes for their convention in the summer.
  • 26. III. Civics
  • 27. A. About Civics
    • Study of citizenship and the relationship between you and the community.
    • Citizenship –
      • “ a productive, responsible, caring, and contributing member of society.”
      • USA
        • Natural born – born in USA or internationally to American citizens.
        • Naturalized – Foreign born person meets requirements.
        • a.) Permanent resident for 5 years.
        • b.) Good moral character
        • c.) Read and write basic English
        • d.) Passes test on gov’t and history
  • 28. B. Civic Responsibility
    • Musts:
      • Jury duty
      • Selective Service
      • Taxes
      • Obey the law
    • Voluntary:
      • Courteous, respect others
      • Community service
      • Education
      • Work, contribute to economy
      • Vote
      • Knowledgeable of events
  • 29. g. Critical of government
    • Declaration of Independence –
      • a.) Gov’t should protect rights.
      • b.) People should protest if they do not.
      • c.) People may destroy the gov’t and create a new one.
    • Unalienable rights – life, liberty, & pursuit of happiness.
    • Constitution – Bill of rights (first ten amendments).
    • Teddy Roosevelt “duty to criticize the president.”
  • 30. C. Historical Roots
    • George Washington gave up power so his position would not be a dictatorship.
    • Founding fathers risked life to revolt in 1776 and form Constitution in 1787.
    • Men and women served in military to protect nation and keep peace in world.
    • Martin Luther King Jr. used peaceful protest=civil disobedience
  • 31. D. Media
    • Medium is a means of communication.
    • TV is the most popular, internet is catching up.
    • Sound bites = short & catchy messages.
  • 32. E. Public Opinion
    • Politicians want a mandate, are curious of public opinion.
    • Polls draw samples to predict what the universe believes.
    • Interest groups like trade associations lobby politicians.
    • Political Action Committees (PAC) fund campaigns.
  • 33. F. Voting Rights Amendments
    • 15 th
    • 19 th
    • 24 th
    • 26 th
    • Race
    • Gender
    • Poll Tax outlawed
    • 18 Years