• Like
Unit 4 general
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
122
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Unit 4 – Legislative Branch – Congress What are the different parts and terms of Congress?
  • 2. BASICS OF CONGRESS
  • 3. Congress (legislative)
          • Coin Money, Declare War, Provide for army/navy, tax, borrow.
          • Commerce Power
          • Censures own members.
          • Uses oversight function to check executive branch.
          • Makes the law.
          • In charge of naturalizing new citizens.
  • 4. House of Representatives
            • Appropriation bills must be introduced here.
            • Population, number of members reapportioned every 10 yrs.
            • Elected every two years.
            • Districts are large = only upper class could run for office.
            • Gets to impeach
  • 5. Senate
            • Elected by state legislatures
            • Six year terms
            • Only 1/3 of Senate up for election at a time
            • Advice and consent to the President.
  • 6. Senator Bob Casey Jr. (D-PA) Senator Pat Toomey (R-PA) Rep. Glenn “GT” Thompson (R-PA) Your Congressmen
  • 7. Structure
    • House of Representatives
      • 435 members
      • Speaker of House keeps order.
      • John Boehner (R-OH) is elected by majority.
    • Senate
      • 100 members
      • Vice President is Pres. of Senate and casts tie breaking votes – Joe Biden
      • President Pro Tempore takes over occasionally – sr. member of majority party. Senator Inouye
      • Majority Leader holds real power – Harry Reid (D-NV)
  • 8. Floor Leaders
    • Parties elect leaders to plan topics they will push.
    • “ Whips” = deputies that enforce partisanship
    • People divide into party caucuses
    • Party with the most people = majority & least = minority.
    • Majority leader decides issues they will vote on and how to set up committees.
  • 9. Business
    • Each house has a rule book.
    • Bills are developed on behalf of constituents , lobbyists, party, or president.
    • Bills are placed on a calendar for passage.
    • Bills become laws and have to be passed by both houses.
    • Resolutions
      • laws for the constitution.
      • Or declarations.
  • 10. Committees
    • Led by a chairperson – senior member of majority party.
    • They decide what bills to review, when to meet, and what hearings to hold.
    • Each committee focuses on a specific topic like the military or science.
    • Most bills “die” in committee.
  • 11. How a Bill becomes a Law
    • Congressman creates bill.
    • Reviewed, then killed or moved.
    • Goes to committee.
    • Floor Debate occurs – decided by Majority Leaders.
      • House is limited to 1 hour per party.
      • Senate may speak indefinitely (filibuster).
    • Conference committee makes identical bill
    • President can…
      • Signs into law.
      • Law without signature – ignores bill while in session.
      • Veto – Dies or goes back Congress
      • Pocket Veto – ignore it out of session - dies.
  • 12. HOW CONGRESS DEVELOPED
  • 13. History of the Congress 1789-1850
    • Meets first time in NYC in 1789.
    • Hires clerks, sets up procedure.
    • 1802 – Judiciary Act shapes courts.
    • 1812 – Declaration of War passed against Britain.
    • 1820 – Missouri Compromise – by Henry Clay
      • Missouri -slave state.
      • Maine -free state.
      • The 36 – 30 line divides the nation between slave and free.
      • Slaveholder John Calhoun, abolitionist Daniel Webster supports.
  • 14.
    • 1824 – Speaker Henry Clay helps Congress choose John Q. Adams to be president over Jackson.
    • Jackson becomes president next & fights Congress to be strongest branch.
    • 1834 – Jackson is censured by Congress.
    • 1836 – Gag rule is placed so no one can talk about slavery.
    • Compromise of 1850 passed.
      • Sick Henry Clay designs it, Daniel Webster speaks on his behalf.
      • California becomes free state
      • Popular sovereignty allowed in Utah and New Mexico.
      • Texas paid for lost land.
      • Slave trade abolished in DC.
      • Fugitive Slave Act forces Northerners to help capture slaves.
  • 15. Civil War and Reconstruction
    • 1856 – Kansas-Nebraska Act (popular sovereignty) presented by Sen. Douglas (hopes to be prez).
    • 1856 – Rep. Preston Brooks beats Sen. Charles Sumner with cane for insulting South.
    • 1861-65 Lincoln gets his way
    • Post war –Johnson is impeached by House, not removed by Senate.
    • Radical Republicans run nation, reconstruct the South.
  • 16. Twentieth Century Congress
    • Isolationists led charge against League of Nations.
    • New Deal Democrats took charge of Congress, support FDR.
    • Un-American Activities Committees investigate Communists.
      • Nixon gains fame in House, but McCarthy is eventually censured .
    • Pork barrel spending skyrockets, especially w/ transportation bill in the 1950’s.
    • House investigates Watergate scandal, leads to investigation of Nixon.
  • 17. Modern Day
    • Republicans take back Congress in 1994.
    • Newt Gingrich (R-GA) and Bob Dole (R-KS) declare a “Contract with America.”
      • Balance the budget
      • Lower taxes
      • Term limits
      • Equal to executive branch
    • House impeaches over Monica Lewinsky affair perjury.
    • Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) first woman Speaker.
    • Current Speaker is John Boehner (R-OH).
  • 18. BENEFITS AND PROBLEMS OF CONGRESS
  • 19. Problems
    • Can stall important legislation.
    • Lobbyists use cash contributions to campaigns and trips, to “convince” Congressmen to vote their way.
    • Congressmen use pork barrel projects or earmarks (spending money for votes).
    • Projects are sometimes wasteful
    • Unrestricted spending = large debt.
    • Gerrymandering may occur.
    • Incumbents (people in office) have resources, likely to win re-election.
    • Two houses (one in DC, @ home)
    • Lots of travel, little time for family or relaxation
    • Can claim eminent domain .
  • 20. Interpretation
    • Some powers are actually expressed.
    • Others are implied or inherent , which are debatable.
    • Loose / strict constructionists have always argued about Constitution.
  • 21. Benefits
    • Keep in touch with constituents .
    • Franking privilege .
    • Broad powers are given by the Necessary and Proper Clause.
    • $174,000 salary