Unit 4 general

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Unit 4 general

  1. 1. Day 4.1-4.3: Who are modern leaders of the USA? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Report to Computer Lab </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you have directions </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you are with your partner </li></ul><ul><li>Pick and stick with a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Begin making presentation </li></ul>
  2. 2. Day 4.4: Who are modern leaders of the USA? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for presentations! </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Quizzes </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Proceed with presentations! </li></ul><ul><li>Write down one position that they have held in the past and two beliefs or accomplishments. </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul>
  3. 3. Day 4.5: Who are modern leaders of the USA? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for presentations! </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Quizzes </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Proceed with presentations! </li></ul><ul><li>Write down one position that they have held in the past and two beliefs or accomplishments. </li></ul><ul><li>Take notes if presentations are done for the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul>
  4. 4. Day 4.6: Who are modern leaders of the USA? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for presentations! </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Quizzes </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Proceed with presentations! </li></ul><ul><li>Write down one position that they have held in the past and two beliefs or accomplishments. </li></ul><ul><li>Take notes if presentations are done for the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul>
  5. 5. Day 4.7: How does Congress Operate? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you have the blue sheet for notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>View Chapter 1-8 </li></ul><ul><li>Review what happened in film. </li></ul><ul><li>Reminder – complete vocab and reading quizzes. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Day 4.8: How does Congress Operate? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you have the blue sheet for notes. </li></ul><ul><li>What happened yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>View Chapter 9-15 </li></ul><ul><li>Review what happened in film. </li></ul><ul><li>Reminder – complete vocab and reading quizzes. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Day 4.9: How does Congress Operate? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you have the blue sheet for notes. </li></ul><ul><li>What happened yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>View Chapter 16-22 </li></ul><ul><li>Review what happened in film. </li></ul><ul><li>Reminder – complete vocab and reading quizzes. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Day 4.10: How does Congress Operate? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you have the blue sheet for notes. </li></ul><ul><li>What happened yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>View Chapter 22-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Review what happened in film. </li></ul><ul><li>Class discussion – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What parts of the film reflect how Congress really runs? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you think there really is this type of corruption? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reminder – complete vocab and reading quizzes. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Day 4.11: How Does Congress operate today? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Finish last 8 minutes of film. </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Reminders </li></ul>
  10. 10. Day 4.12: How Does Congress operate today? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Finish notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Study Guide individually </li></ul><ul><li>Review with partner. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Day 4.13: How Does Congress operate today? <ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Study Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Review with </li></ul><ul><li>Have vocab, and reading out for a grade. </li></ul><ul><li>Go over as a class. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Unit 4 – Legislative Branch – Congress What are the different parts and terms of Congress?
  13. 13. 1. Congress (legislative) <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coin Money, Declare War, Provide for navy, and regulate commerce. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>House of Representatives </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Money bills must be introduced here. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Based on population </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elected every two years. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Districts are large = only upper class could run for office. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. c. Senate <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elected by state legislatures </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Six year terms </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only 1/3 of Senate up for election at a time </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advice and consent to the President. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. i. Senator Bob Casey Jr. ii. Senator Arlen Specter iii. Rep. Glenn “GT” Thompson d. Your Congressmen
  16. 16. 2. Structure <ul><li>House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>435 members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker of House keeps order. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nancy Pelosi is elected by majority. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100 members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vice President is Pres. of Senate and casts tie breaking votes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President Pro Tempore takes over occasionally – sr. member of majority party. Senator Inouye </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. 3. Party Organization <ul><li>Parties elect leaders to plan topics they will push. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Whips” keep party members in line. </li></ul><ul><li>Party with the most people = majority & least = minority. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority leader decides issues they will vote on and how to set up committees. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 4. Business <ul><li>Each house rule book. </li></ul><ul><li>Bills are developed on behalf of constituents, lobbyists, party, or president. </li></ul><ul><li>Bills become laws and have to be passed by both houses. </li></ul><ul><li>Resolutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>laws for the constitution. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or declarations. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. 5. Committees <ul><li>Led by a chairperson – senior member of majority party. </li></ul><ul><li>They decide what bills to review, when to meet, and what hearings to hold. </li></ul><ul><li>Each committee focuses on a specific topic like the military or science. </li></ul><ul><li>Most bills “die” in committee. </li></ul>
  20. 20. 6. How a Bill becomes a Law <ul><li>Congressman creates bill. </li></ul><ul><li>Goes to subcommittee. </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewed, then killed or moved. </li></ul><ul><li>Goes to committee. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat Step C. </li></ul><ul><li>Floor Debate occurs – decided by Majority Leaders. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House is limited to 1 hour per party. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate may speak indefinitely (filibuster). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May go to conference committee so bills are identical in both houses. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat Step F </li></ul><ul><li>President can… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signs into law. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law without signature – ignores bill while in session. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Veto – Dies or goes back to Step F. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pocket Veto – ignore it out of session - dies. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. 7. History of the Congress 1789-1850 <ul><li>Meets first time in NYC in 1789. </li></ul><ul><li>Hires clerks, sets up procedure. </li></ul><ul><li>1802 – Judiciary Act shapes courts. </li></ul><ul><li>1812 – Declaration of War passed against Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>1820 – Missouri Compromise – by Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missouri -slave state. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maine -free state. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The 36 – 30 line divides the nation between slave and free. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaveholder John Calhoun, abolitionist Daniel Webster supports. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>F. 1824 – Speaker Henry Clay helps Congress choose John Q. Adams to be president over Jackson. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson becomes president next & fights Congress to be strongest branch. </li></ul><ul><li>1834 – Jackson is censured by Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>1836 – Gag rule is placed so no one can talk about slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise of 1850 passed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sick Henry Clay designs it, Daniel Webster speaks on his behalf. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>California becomes free state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular sovereignty allowed in Utah and New Mexico. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texas paid for lost land. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave trade abolished in DC. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fugitive Slave Act forces Northerners to help capture slaves. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. 8. Civil War and Reconstruction <ul><li>1856 – Kansas-Nebraska Act (popular sovereignty) presented by Sen. Stephen Douglas in hopes of winning presidency. </li></ul><ul><li>1856 – Rep. Preston Brooks beats Sen. Charles Sumner with cane for insulting the South. </li></ul><ul><li>1861 – Congressman who do not show up -kicked out. </li></ul><ul><li>Post war –Johnson is impeached by House, not removed by Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>Radical Republicans run the nation and reconstruct the South. </li></ul>
  24. 24. 9. Twentieth Century Congress <ul><li>Isolationists led charge against League of Nations. </li></ul><ul><li>New Deal Democrats took charge of Congress, support FDR. </li></ul><ul><li>Un-American Activities Committees investigate Communists. </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon gains fame in House, but McCarthy is eventually censured. </li></ul><ul><li>Pork barrel spending skyrockets, especially w/ transportation bill in the 1950’s. </li></ul><ul><li>House investigates Watergate scandal, leads to investigation of Nixon. </li></ul>
  25. 25. 10. Reagan Era <ul><li>Senate investigates Iran-Contra scandal, where guns were traded for people. </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans take back Congress in 1994. </li></ul><ul><li>Newt Gingrich (R) and Bob Dole (R) declare a “Contract with America.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance the budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Term limits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal to executive branch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whitewater Investigation in House spreads to Monica Lewinsky affair. </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans lose seats steadily for years. Pass Patriot Act and Iraqi War Resolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats regain control in 2006. </li></ul>
  26. 26. 11. Major Powers and Problems of Congress <ul><li>Makes the law. </li></ul><ul><li>Can stall important legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>Can investigate the executive branch. </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbyists use cash contributions to campaigns and trips, to “convince” Congressmen to vote their way. </li></ul><ul><li>Congressmen use pork barrel projects or earmarks to get constituents to vote for them. </li></ul><ul><li>Projects are sometimes wasteful and benefit only a small group of people. </li></ul><ul><li>Unrestricted spending has led to a large debt. </li></ul><ul><li>Gerrymandering – state legislatures change congressional districts to benefit one political party. </li></ul><ul><li>Incumbents, people already in office, have many resources and are very likely to win re-election. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Day 4.12: What are the different parts and terms of Congress? <ul><li>Bell Ringer: </li></ul><ul><li>Take answer sheet and test booklet from desk at door. </li></ul><ul><li>Place name, period (3 or 5), date (11/11/10), & test number (4) on top. </li></ul><ul><li>You may use movie notes for essay. </li></ul><ul><li>Put name on top of back. </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Complete T/F, Matching. Skip over tough ones and come back to them, eliminate answers carefully. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank and the Essay. </li></ul><ul><li>Place test booklet and answer sheet on top of black cart on right side of room. </li></ul><ul><li>Put movie notes in separate pile. </li></ul><ul><li>Sit quietly until everyone is finished. </li></ul><ul><li>Points will be deducted for talking. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Day 4.13: What are the different parts and terms of Congress? <ul><li>Bell Ringer: </li></ul><ul><li>What are the three branches of government and what do they do? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between democracy and republic? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a presidential government? </li></ul><ul><li>What did we get from Athens, Rome and England? </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Review Test 3. </li></ul><ul><li>Begin next vocabulary while grades are given. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Day 4.14: What are the different parts and terms of Congress? <ul><li>Bell Ringer: </li></ul><ul><li>Grab a blue booklet from the back. </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Ringer </li></ul><ul><li>Work on Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Go over Test </li></ul><ul><li>Review Vocab </li></ul>

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