Unit 1 presentation

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Unit 1 presentation

  1. 4. Unit 1 Early Attempts at Democracy and Republic
  2. 5. Day 2 Objective: Identify the branches and types of government. <ul><li>Bell Ringer: </li></ul><ul><li>___________ Branch ___________ the law and is led by ________. </li></ul><ul><li>___________ Branch ___________ the law and is led by ________. </li></ul><ul><li>___________ Branch ___________ the law and is led by ________. </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Review current events. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Vocabulary using blue booklets. </li></ul><ul><li>Have review game for vocabulary quiz. </li></ul>
  3. 6. Day 3 Objective: Read and identify the major differences in governmental power. <ul><li>Bell Ringer: </li></ul><ul><li>1. What is the difference between an autocracy, oligarchy and democracy? </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Create essential questions </li></ul><ul><li>Review reading </li></ul>
  4. 7. Day 4 Objective I: Recognize the purpose and organization of government. Objective II: Recognize how the founding father were influenced by Greece. <ul><li>Bell ringer: </li></ul><ul><li>1. What type of government does the USA have using terms learned from last week. </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Class discussion. </li></ul>
  5. 8. I. Introduction <ul><li>What does the government do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides national security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public services (roads, bridges) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects life, liberty, property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes economic decisions (taxes, trade, money) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 9. B. Ways to Organize <ul><li>Centralized or unitary – power comes from one place. </li></ul><ul><li>Federal – power is shared between central and local government. </li></ul><ul><li>Confederation – loose alliance of independent states. </li></ul>
  7. 10. C. Ways to Rule <ul><li>Autocracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monarchy – King or Queen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emperor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oligarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aristocracy – nobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communist Party Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military Control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct – everyone votes on laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representative - Republic </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. D. Branches of government <ul><li>Legislative – makes the law (Congress) </li></ul><ul><li>Executive – carries out the law (President) </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial – interprets the law (Supreme Court) </li></ul>
  9. 12. II. Ancient Greece
  10. 13. A. What influenced Greece? <ul><li>dominated by mountains, valleys & small plains </li></ul><ul><li>small communities due to little arable soil </li></ul><ul><li>difficult to communicate </li></ul><ul><li>Had to sail to colonize, trade. </li></ul>
  11. 14. B. With so many independent states within Greece, what did they have in common? <ul><li>a common language </li></ul><ul><li>a common heritage of myths </li></ul><ul><li>the worship of the gods. </li></ul>
  12. 15. C. Athenian democracy… <ul><li>Lasted about 140 to 200 years </li></ul><ul><li>Was not seen again until Colonial America. </li></ul><ul><li>Demos meaning &quot;people&quot; and kratos meaning &quot;rule.&quot; </li></ul>
  13. 16. D. How did democracy develop? <ul><li>Draco and wealthy nobility used harsh punishments to control people. </li></ul><ul><li>After Draco’s death, Salon… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolished enslavement of Athenian citizens. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created an assembly where all males over 18 could vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Got rid of severe punishments </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>He created 10 artificial tribes. </li></ul><ul><li>Each tribe chose 50 members to serve in the Council of 500. </li></ul><ul><li>The Council made an agenda for the assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>10 generals were chosen by lot to be executives. </li></ul>E. Later, Clisthenes…
  15. 18. Day 5 Objective: Understand how Rome and its downfall influenced America . <ul><li>Bell Ringer: </li></ul><ul><li>Who was the cruel leader and the reformer of Athens? </li></ul><ul><li>Who made the law and who enforced it in Athens? </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Class Discussion </li></ul>
  16. 19. III. Rome: REPUBLIC TO THE EMPIRE
  17. 21. A. Formation of the Republic <ul><li>Removed cruel kings </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered Ertuscans and had too much land and people. </li></ul><ul><li>Used representative government to make laws. </li></ul>
  18. 22. B. Senate: <ul><li>Comes from sense (old men). </li></ul><ul><li>300 patricians (wealthy) who serve for life. </li></ul><ul><li>Power resided there. </li></ul>
  19. 23. C. Assemblies: <ul><li>Citizens voted by tribes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected officers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tribunes power of veto over law. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assemblies exist for soldiers and poor </li></ul>
  20. 24. D. Public Offices <ul><li>Financial officers, organizers of games, senior magistrates. </li></ul><ul><li>Consul - preside over the Senate and are commanders - in - chief </li></ul>
  21. 25. E. Campaigning according to Cicero… <ul><li>have plenty of followers </li></ul><ul><li>call everyone by name </li></ul><ul><li>make promises, never say no. </li></ul><ul><li>campaign in all parts of Rome </li></ul>
  22. 26. F. Candidate <ul><li>Togas were gleaming white – reflecting significance of officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Campaigning was personal: Wrote on walls, paid for games or food. </li></ul>
  23. 30. G. Why didn't the poor revolt? <ul><li>Rich gave them food from the provinces & entertainment in exchange for votes. </li></ul><ul><li>First welfare system. </li></ul><ul><li>Senate made all citizens tax free, thus taxing provinces. </li></ul>
  24. 31. H. Triumvirate rules, destroyed by nobility <ul><li>Military became powerful. </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar, Crassus, & Pompey divide power. </li></ul><ul><li>Each wants what the nobility will not give… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pompey wanted a triumph parade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crassus wanted more money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caesar wanted to be dictator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Crassus and Pompey were killed. Caesar took over, assassinated. </li></ul>
  25. 34. I. Roman Empire <ul><li>Augustus (nephew of Cesar) defeated Mark Anthony & Cleopatra. </li></ul><ul><li>He ruled from 27 BC to 14 AD & re-organized </li></ul><ul><li>Took title of “head magistrate.” </li></ul><ul><li>Relatives (by blood & adoption) assume thrown of “Cesar.” </li></ul><ul><li>Some are undeserving, many assassinations. </li></ul><ul><li>Persecution of Christians occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled till 96 AD. </li></ul><ul><li>Picked successors brought wealth 100yrs. </li></ul>
  26. 36. J. Decline of the Empire <ul><li>Christianity becomes official religion. </li></ul><ul><li>The Empire is split into West and East (Byzantine) 260 AD. </li></ul><ul><li>The West falls to German Barbarians around 400 AD </li></ul><ul><li>The East falls to Muslim Turks around 1492 AD. </li></ul>
  27. 37. K. Dark Ages and Feudalism. <ul><li>Fear & anarchy was replaced by local warlords. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, they gather strength & land. </li></ul><ul><li>Most powerful require allegiance from the weak and becomes monarchs. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor worked on land and supply crops or taxes. </li></ul>
  28. 38. IV. English Constitutionalism
  29. 39. A. Monarchy and Constitutionalism <ul><li>France develops into an absolute rule, based on “divine right of kings.” </li></ul><ul><li>King John of England isn’t allowed to bully nobles by the Magna Carta (1215) </li></ul><ul><li>England erupts into Civil War (1642 -1651) when Charles I dismisses Parliament for not raising taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Puritan Parliament revolts. </li></ul>
  30. 40. B. Constitutionalism Results… <ul><li>Puritan Roundheads wins over Cavaliers and Oliver Cromwell is new brutal leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Charles I is decapitated. </li></ul><ul><li>People decide Puritan rule is too rough. </li></ul><ul><li>New king is brought back to rule, but powers are limited. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No troops in the home. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No taxing without Parliament. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No secret arrests. </li></ul></ul>

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