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The progressive era roosevelt

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  • 1. The Progressive Era 1890-1920 Roosevelt and Progressivism
  • 2. The Rise of Progressivism
    • What problems did reformers seek to solve?
    • Problems from rapid growth of cities and industry.
    • Political and social reform movements emerged.
    • Progressivism – to promote social welfare; to expand democracy, and to create economic reform.
  • 3. Promoting Social Reform
    • Progressive movement helped by journalists – muckrakers – tried to discover corruption in society. Fueled public demand for reform.
    • Social reform – help the poor, the unemployed, immigrants, and workers.
    • Provided education, community centers, limits on working hours, minimum wage laws; Prohibitionist –prevent alcohol sales and manufacutring. (temperance movement)
  • 4. Expanding Democracy
    • Patronage – giving jobs in exchange for political support.
    • Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 –pass a test for gov. jobs and no firing for political reasons.
    • Direct Primary –voters could choose candidates for public office.
    • Initiative- voters may directly propose laws.
    • Referendum – Voters can approve proposed laws.
    • Recall – Elected officials can be voted out of office.
  • 5. Creating Economic Reform
    • Trusts – created to cut prices and squeeze out competition. Raise prices and make large profits.
    • Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 – made trust illegal; but not enforced yet.
    • Identify problems that progressive reformers wanted to solve.
  • 6. Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal
    • What was Roosevelt’s Square Deal?
    • 1901 – Roosevelt youngest president that the nation had ever had.
    • Known for fighting corruption; government’s purpose was to ensure fairness.
    • Square Deal – policy to ensure fairness for workers, consumers, and big business.
    • Enforced the Sherman Antitrust Act – targeted railroads; Standard Oil Co. and tobacco.
  • 7. Protecting Consumers
    • Upton Sinclair’s – The Jungle – exposed sanitary conditions of the meat packing industry.
    • Meat Inspection Act – created government inspection of meat program.
    • Pure Food and Drug Act – banned the sale of impure foods and medicines.
  • 8. Conserving Natural Resources
    • Strong crusader for conservation – controlling how natural resources were used.
    • Preserved Grand Canyon; Muir Woods(CA); wildlife refuge at Pelican Island (FL).
    • Created the U.S. Forest Service
    • Name the accomplishments of Roosevelt’s Square Deal.
  • 9. Roosevelt’s Civil Rights Dilemma
    • What was Roosevelt’s civil rights dilemma?
    • Did not push for civil rights and suffrage, but did feel African-Americans would achieve if given the same opportunities as whites.
    • Appointed African Americans to Souther political offices; denounced lynching.
  • 10. Fierce Opposition
    • Invited Booker T. Washington to stay for dinner after a meeting in the White House.
    • Angered many Southerners.
    • Afraid it might hurt his bid for re-election; never asked an African American to dinner again.
    • Re-elected, but no more to advance African American rights; Atlanta race riots; Aasoldiers discharged for allegedly conspiring to protect fellow AA soldiers.