Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
The progressive era roosevelt
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

The progressive era roosevelt



Published in News & Politics
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. The Progressive Era 1890-1920 Roosevelt and Progressivism
  • 2. The Rise of Progressivism
    • What problems did reformers seek to solve?
    • Problems from rapid growth of cities and industry.
    • Political and social reform movements emerged.
    • Progressivism – to promote social welfare; to expand democracy, and to create economic reform.
  • 3. Promoting Social Reform
    • Progressive movement helped by journalists – muckrakers – tried to discover corruption in society. Fueled public demand for reform.
    • Social reform – help the poor, the unemployed, immigrants, and workers.
    • Provided education, community centers, limits on working hours, minimum wage laws; Prohibitionist –prevent alcohol sales and manufacutring. (temperance movement)
  • 4. Expanding Democracy
    • Patronage – giving jobs in exchange for political support.
    • Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 –pass a test for gov. jobs and no firing for political reasons.
    • Direct Primary –voters could choose candidates for public office.
    • Initiative- voters may directly propose laws.
    • Referendum – Voters can approve proposed laws.
    • Recall – Elected officials can be voted out of office.
  • 5. Creating Economic Reform
    • Trusts – created to cut prices and squeeze out competition. Raise prices and make large profits.
    • Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 – made trust illegal; but not enforced yet.
    • Identify problems that progressive reformers wanted to solve.
  • 6. Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal
    • What was Roosevelt’s Square Deal?
    • 1901 – Roosevelt youngest president that the nation had ever had.
    • Known for fighting corruption; government’s purpose was to ensure fairness.
    • Square Deal – policy to ensure fairness for workers, consumers, and big business.
    • Enforced the Sherman Antitrust Act – targeted railroads; Standard Oil Co. and tobacco.
  • 7. Protecting Consumers
    • Upton Sinclair’s – The Jungle – exposed sanitary conditions of the meat packing industry.
    • Meat Inspection Act – created government inspection of meat program.
    • Pure Food and Drug Act – banned the sale of impure foods and medicines.
  • 8. Conserving Natural Resources
    • Strong crusader for conservation – controlling how natural resources were used.
    • Preserved Grand Canyon; Muir Woods(CA); wildlife refuge at Pelican Island (FL).
    • Created the U.S. Forest Service
    • Name the accomplishments of Roosevelt’s Square Deal.
  • 9. Roosevelt’s Civil Rights Dilemma
    • What was Roosevelt’s civil rights dilemma?
    • Did not push for civil rights and suffrage, but did feel African-Americans would achieve if given the same opportunities as whites.
    • Appointed African Americans to Souther political offices; denounced lynching.
  • 10. Fierce Opposition
    • Invited Booker T. Washington to stay for dinner after a meeting in the White House.
    • Angered many Southerners.
    • Afraid it might hurt his bid for re-election; never asked an African American to dinner again.
    • Re-elected, but no more to advance African American rights; Atlanta race riots; Aasoldiers discharged for allegedly conspiring to protect fellow AA soldiers.