I. IntroductionA. What does the government do?1. Provides national security2. Public services (roads, bridges)3. Protects life, liberty, property4. Makes economic decisions (taxes, trade, money)5. Provides all of these for a state – a specificterritory and population that has sovereignty.
B. Ways to Organize1. Centralized or unitary – power comes fromone place – Paris in France.2. Federal – power is shared between centraland local government Germany, Mexico, andUSA.3. Confederation – loose alliance ofindependent states – USA under the Articlesof Confederation.
C. Ways to Rule1. Autocracya. Monarchy – King or Queen, usually an inherited position. Usually issupported or detested by other nobles.b. Dictator – military support is required for one man rule, often through aone party system. Erosion of rights to retain power angers people.c. Emperor – similar to monarch, but over a diverse population.
2. Oligarchya. Aristocracy – nobility rules as a group – Athens before democracyb. Communist Party Rule – Modern day Communist Party in China rules over 1billion people.c. Military Control – Myanmar is ruled by army, little relationship between restof world.
3. Democracya. Direct – everyone votes on lawsi. Rarely exists, complicated to run.ii. Towns run by hall meetings is an example.iii. Ancient Athens was close, but foreign born and women couldnot vote.b. Representative – Republic – This is the government of most nation-statestoday including the USA.
D. Branches of government1. Legislative – makes the law (Congress)2. Executive – carries out the law (President)3. Judicial – interprets the law (Supreme Court)