View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
I. IntroductionA. What does the government do?1. Provides national security2. Public services (roads, bridges)3. Protects life, liberty, property4. Makes economic decisions (taxes, trade, money)5. Provides all of these for a state – a specificterritory and population that has sovereignty.
B. Ways to Organize1. Centralized or unitary – power comes fromone place – Paris in France.2. Federal – power is shared between centraland local government Germany, Mexico, andUSA.3. Confederation – loose alliance ofindependent states – USA under the Articlesof Confederation.
C. Ways to Rule1. Autocracya. Monarchy – King or Queen, usually an inherited position. Usually issupported or detested by other nobles.b. Dictator – military support is required for one man rule, often through aone party system. Erosion of rights to retain power angers people.c. Emperor – similar to monarch, but over a diverse population.
2. Oligarchya. Aristocracy – nobility rules as a group – Athens before democracyb. Communist Party Rule – Modern day Communist Party in China rules over 1billion people.c. Military Control – Myanmar is ruled by army, little relationship between restof world.
3. Democracya. Direct – everyone votes on lawsi. Rarely exists, complicated to run.ii. Towns run by hall meetings is an example.iii. Ancient Athens was close, but foreign born and women couldnot vote.b. Representative – Republic – This is the government of most nation-statestoday including the USA.
D. Branches of government1. Legislative – makes the law (Congress)2. Executive – carries out the law (President)3. Judicial – interprets the law (Supreme Court)