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Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
Colonial governments
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Colonial governments


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  • Colonial governments given power by charters: Proprietary—one or more individuals controlled the colony Company Royal The monarch had the sole power to grant charters
  • Privy Council—a group of royal advisors that set English policy in the colonies; allowed most colonies to run their own affairs Governors—served as head of government; most assisted by and advisory council; monarch selected governor and councilmen in royal colonies; proprietors did so in proprietary colonies; CT elected governor; job of governor to carry out policies set by crown
  • Assemblies: elected to help make laws Based on Parliament Bicameral —law making body made up of two houses
  • Privy council: ensured all laws complied with royal policy
  • Virginia Assembly: established at Jamestown in 1619; first colonial legislature in North America Two Houses: Council of State: Selected by governor’s advisory council and the Virginia Company House of Burgesses—elected by colonists Disagreement: assemblies would refuse to pay salaries
  • Town Meeting—center of New England politics; decided on local issues—paying for schools, ownership and use of unsettled lands; selected town officials; met at least once a year South—lived too far away from one another—decisions made at the county level Middle colonies—combination of town and county meetings in local governments
  • Colonists used courts whenever possible to control local affairs—Example: a Massachusetts court would uphold Puritan ideas
  • Zenger found not guilty
  • 1685: James II becomes King of England—believed northern colonies had become too independent—wanted them more connected with England (more united effort against Indian war—Wikipedia)
  • 1686: James II united Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island under a single government—the Dominion on New England Sir Edmund Andros appointed governor of Dominion Dominion government: Replaced original charters—no assemblies 1688: Andros limited town meetings 1687: Andros arrested individuals protesting tax policies
  • James II attempts to restore Catholicism—becomes very unpopular Parliament asks Mary (James’s daughter) and William of Orange (ruler of the Netherlands) to come to England and rule
  • Fall 1688: William & army land in England, James flees to France Not bloodless…minor battles
  • 1689: upon hearing of the fall of James II, New England residents removed Andros from power, sent him to England, and formed new assemblies William & Mary reissued charters to colonies English Bill of Rights reduced power of the monarch, gave more power to Parliament—shift to representative government
  • Transcript

    • 1. Life in the English Colonies Forms of Government
    • 2. Colonial Governments
      • Charters:
        • Proprietary
        • Company
        • Royal
    • 3. Colonial Governments
      • Privy Council
      • Governors
    • 4. Colonial Assemblies
      • Parliament: England’s national legislature
      • Bicameral —law making body made up of two houses
    • 5. Parliament House of Commons House of Lords
    • 6. Congress House of Representatives Senate
    • 7. Colonial Assemblies
      • Powers: raise taxes, organize governments, control military
      • Governor & Advisory Council: had to approve all laws
    • 8. Colonial Assemblies
      • Virginia Assembly (1619):
        • Council of State
        • House of Burgesses
      Debate in the House of Burgesses
    • 9. Colonial Assemblies
      • New England: Town Meetings
      • Southern Colonies
      • Middle Colonies
    • 10. Colonial Courts
      • Influenced by royal officials
      • Supported local interests & ideas
    • 11. Colonial Courts
      • 1733: John Peter Zenger criticizes NY governor
      • Libel —false statements that damage a person’s reputation
    • 12. Colonial Courts
      • Andrew Hamilton: Zenger can publish whatever he wants so long as it is true—even if it is damaging !
      Zenger’s Newspaper
    • 13. Colonial Courts
      • Chief Justice: “Nothing can be worse to any government than to have people attempt to create distrust of it.”
      • Zenger found not guilty
    • 14. The Dominion of New England
      • 1685: James II becomes King of England
      King James II
    • 15. The Dominion of New England
      • 1686: northern colonies united under single government called the Dominion of New England
      • Sir Edmund Andros named governor
      Sir Edmund Andros
    • 16. The Glorious Revolution
      • James II attempts to restore Catholicism
      • Parliament requests Mary & William come to rule England
    • 17. The Glorious Revolution
      • Glorious Revolution: Mary & William of Orange overthrew James II of England
      King William III Queen Mary II
    • 18. The Glorious Revolution
      • 1689: colonists remove Andros from power
      • William & Mary reissue charters
      • English Bill of Rights established