Ranthambore National park contains a huge variety of animals, birds and reptiles within it.
Animals : Tigers, Leopards, Striped Hyenas, Sambar, Deer, Chital, Nilgai, Common or Hanuman langurs, Macaques, Jackals, Jungle cats, Caracals, Sloth bears, Black bucks, Rufoustailed Hare, Indian Wild Boar, Chinkara, Common Palm Civets or Toddy cat, Coomon Yellow Bats, Desert Cats, Fivestriped Palm Squirels, Indian False Vampires, Indian Flying Foxes, Indian Foxes, Indian Gerbilles, Indian Mole Rats, Indian Porcupines, Longeared Hedgehogs, Ratels, Small Indian Mongoose, Small Indian Civets and Common mongoose.
The amphibian species only consist of the Common India Toad and the Common Frog.
The park is most famous for it's diurnal tigers .
The park also has a large number of marsh crocs Reptiles: Snub Nosed Marsh Crocodiles, Desert Monitor Lizards, Tortoise, Banded Kraits, Cobras, Common Kraits, Ganga Soft Shelled Turtles, Indian Pythons, North Indian Flap Shelled Turtles, Rat Snakes, Russel's Vipers, Saw-scaled Vipers and the Indian Chamaeleon.
Due to its varied terrain and abundance of water bodies, has an excellent population of birds, resident and migrant. In total, a list of 272 species have been documented.
The vegetation in the park is mostly of the dry deciduous type with a large variety consisting of nearly 300 species
The Ranthambore National Park, at the junction of the Aravallis and the Vindhyas, is a unique juxtaposition of natural and historical richness, standing out conspicuously in a vast arid and denuded tract of eastern Rajasthan, barely 11 km. from the town of Sawai Madhopur.
Ranthambore is spread over a highly undulating topography, varying from gentle to steep slopes, from flat-topped hills (Indala, Doodh-Bhat and Chiroli) of the Vindhyas to the conical hillocks and sharp ridges of the Aravallis, from wide and flat valleys to narrow rocky gorges. An important geological feature, the "Great Boundary fault" where the Vindhyas were brought against the ancient Aravallis, passes from here.
Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary : The terrain is flat and rocky and some hills with gentle slopes. The Devpura Irrigation Dam in the Sanctuary is a useful source of water for wildlife and good habitat for aquatic flora and fauna.
Ranthambore Tiger Reserve was among the first nine Tiger Reserves declared in 1973 at the launch of Project Tiger in India. It comprised the former Sawai Madhopur Wildlife Sanctuary of 392.5 sq. km. Reserved Forest (constituted in 1955).
Ranthambore National Park with an area of 274.5 sq. km. was constituted from within the Tiger Reserve in 1980. In the then Tiger Reserve, the National Park area was being managed as the core and the rest as buffer until in 1992, Keladevi Sanctuary having an area of 674 sq. km. of Protected Forest (constituted in 1983), Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary with an area of 127 sq. km. (constituted in 1984), Kualji Close Area of 7.58 sq. km. and some other forest areas were added to the Reserve.
Bakaula : The Bakaula area is an Area dotted with little water holes and thick foliage. Even in peak summers it feels like an air-conditioned room. Lakarda & Anantpura : These areas located in the North-Western and Northern regions of the park are ideal locations to visit if looking for Sloth Bears. These areas have a lot of ant hills, which are the favorite food of the bears. Raj Bagh Ruins : These ruins are located between the Padam Talao (lake) and the Raj Bagh Talao. These ancient stone structures like arches, palace outhouses, domes and steps give the area an aura that is not possible to find anywhere else in the world. Places to see : Ranthambhore Wildlife Sanctuary
Keep outside influences, as far as possible, outside the park. Transistors, tape recorders, blowing the car horn and loud conversations are taboo in the national park. You will observe more wildlife if you are quiet.
Wear colors that blend with the forest - khaki, brown and olive green are ideal colors to wear in a national park.
Do not feed any wild animals.
Do not litter the place with polythene bags, tetra packs and other such materials. They not only spoil the beauty of the park, but also may harm the animals. Take them back with you to be disposed off properly.
Do’s and Don'ts : Ranthambhore Wildlife Sanctuary
Do’s and Don'ts : Ranthambhore Wildlife Sanctuary
Do not spray perfumes or any other strong smelling substances. The animals are sensitive to smell and it may arouse their curiosity.
Do not collect any plants without proper permission.
Animals are generally shy and tend to hide when they see a human being. Please do not attempt to lure them out by throwing stones or other objects.
Take strict precautions to guard against accidental fires caused through carelessness. Smoking and flash photography is prohibited in the park.
All drivers and guides are given a set of instructions regarding the speed of the vehicle, the route to be followed, the distance to be kept from other vehicles and wild animals and time guidelines. Never encourage your driver to break these rules.