Study on Absenteeism of Workers
INTRODUCTION
About Chocolate (or) Confectionery
Chocolate food products made from coca bea...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
chocolate creams of fondants of they may be sugar maintained in a solution of careful
blen...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Market share of various companies in the sugar confectionery market
Company Market Share M...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Market Segments:
The confectionery market can be classified into 3 segments.
1. Monos –Har...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Some Definitions of Absenteeism:
- “Absenteeism” is a practice or a habit of being an “abs...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Absenteeism is of four types viz….
1. Authorized Absenteeism.
2. Unauthorized Absenteeism....
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Total no of Monday’s schedules to work
Severity rate:
Severity rate is the average length ...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Though a no of legislation concerning welfare facilities are enacted, many
organizations f...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Wages in some organizations are very poor and they are quite inadequate to
meet the basic ...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Measures to minimize Absenteeism
Absenteeism affects the organization from multiple angles...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
1.2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Theoretical background of the Topic:
Absenteeism has been various...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Study of Absenteeism among Industrial Worker is not only from vie...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The Study aims at assessing the absenteeism in workers.
 To condu...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY:
This is the technique followed in social research on any subject.
Th...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Though questionnaires and schedules very often mean the same, yet there
exists a subtle di...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
2.0 COMPANY /ORGANISATION PROFILE
2.1 COMPANY PROFILE:
Nutrine confectionery company ltd i...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Location factors:
Nutrine confectionery company ltd is started in the border town at chitt...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Nutrine confectionery co. ltd growth has been one of a sure study with the
luckiest Masco ...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
employees had to record their attendance by inserting their punch card in the
punching mac...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
 Setting up school for children.
 Financial assistants to associate of blind people.
 S...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Quality controlled department
This department looks after the quality of the product, whic...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Sources complied from the records of nut confectionery company limited
chittoor.
NUTRINE C...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
P a g e | 23
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
NUT CONFECTIONERY COMPANY LIMITED CHITTOOR
Man power No. of persons
1. Senior Executives 0...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Table 1
Age of the Respondents
Employee age in years Respondents Percentage
Below 25 26 24...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Designation of employee
Designation Respondents Percentage
supervisors 20 19.05
workers 42...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Department Respondents Percentage
Raw materials 25 23.8
Confectionary 25 23.8
Toffees 20 1...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Above 7 11 10.48
Total 105 100
familty size of members
20
54
20
11
1
2
3
4
Inference:
Out ...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Martial Status
77
28
Married
Unmarried
Inference:
According to the survey conducted 73.33%...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Educational Qualification
35
23
27
20
Illiterate
<10th Std.
Technical
Graduates
Inference:...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
years of experiences of respondents
< 5 years
10%
5-10 years
34%
10-20 years
18%
20-30 yea...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Responsiability of intimation to the
supervisors
35
55
5
10
1
2
3
4
Inference:
As per the ...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Workers absent due to unexpected
work
40
22
0
43
Rarely Sometimes Always Never
Inference
A...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Health is reason for absenteeism
Rerely
30%
Someti
mes
46%
Always
0%
Never
24%
Inference
O...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Wokers Problem in w hic h Shift
22
2162
1 shifts 2 shifts 3 shifts
Inference
As it can be ...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Response regard to saefty measures
85
20
105
1
2
3
Inference:
The table shows that nearly ...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
problems facing to attend to duty Respondents
sickness
29%
Soc ial
26%
personal
39%
Ec ono...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Absenc e due to reac hing fac tory late
70
5
10
20
Rarely Sometimes Always Never
Inference...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Distance between respondents house and factory
43
21
16
25
Below 1km
1 to 5 km
5 to 10
Abo...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Conveyance to the factory Respondents
20
4015
30
Bus
Cycle
Scooter
Walk
Inference
As per t...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
The rate of bad habits among the respondents Respondents
Alcohol
37%
Smoking
30%
Gambling
...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Effecting the Economic Conditions
Yes, 75
No, 30
Yes
No
Inference:
As shown in the table m...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Having anyCreditors to Workers
Yes, 58
No, 47
Yes
No
Inference:
According to survey conduc...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Absenting to Avoid Creditors
20
60
25
Yes
No
Sometimes
Inference:
The table show that 19.0...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Feeling Boredom with the Assigned Duty
10
10
5
80
Rarely
Sometimes
Always
Never
Inference:...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Other Sources of Income
33
25
47 Agriculture
Business
Nothing
Inference:
As it can be clea...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Cordial relationship with higher authorities
Respondents
90
5
10
Yes
No
Marginal
Inference...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Quarreling with supervisors Respondents
510
90
Yes
No
Sometimes
Inference:
As per the tabl...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Badworking conditions
20
22
40
23
Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly disagree
Inferenc...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Absent due to heavy work
0 5 0
100
Often
Rarely
Sometimes
Never
Inference:
The table shows...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Wish for higher job or responsibility
75
30
Yes
No
Inference:
The table shows that 71.42% ...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Training programs on absenteeism
6030
10
5
Strongly agree
Agree
Disgree
Strongly disagree
...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Sep - 3.35%
Oct - 3.30%
Nov - 4.40%
Dec - 3.22%
%age of Absenteeism - 2002
3.88
2.27
1.53
...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Oct - 3.30%
Nov - 4.40%
Dec - 3.22%
%age of Absenteeism-2003
3.88
2.27
1.53
3.21
3.7
4.38
...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Sep - 4.76%
Oct - 5.58%
Nov - 5.89%
Dec - 5.36%
%age of Absenteeism-2004
4.28
2.68
2.16
3....
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
%age of Absenteeism-2005
4.45
3.4
2.23
2.59
4.3
0
1
2
3
4
5
Jan Feb Mar Apr May
%age
Summa...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
1. Absenteeism in shifts is mainly in 3rd
shift i.e. (10 pm to 6am) that mean it is
high i...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
“QUALITY OF LIFE-QUALITY OF WORK TIME
MANAGEMENT”.
These are being conducted by the mgt of...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
9. 38.09% of the respondents are verily absent, 20.95% are sometimes
absent and 40.96% are...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
21. 9.52% of the respondents rarely feel bore on the assigned duty and
9.52% sometimes fee...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
1. Many of the workers agree that they have good relationship with higher
authorities. Som...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
4. Most of the workers come from rural areas in that some of the workers have
bad habits.
...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
Personal Mgt - C.B.Mamoria & Gankar.
Research Methodology - C.R.Kothari.
Industrial Relati...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
2) Age in years
a) Below 25 ( ) b) 25 to 35 ( )
c) 35 to 45 ( ) d) Above 45 ( )
3) Departm...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
c) 15 to 20 ( ) d) 20 to 30 ( )
9) Do you inform you superior about your absence to the du...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
a) Rarely ( ) b) sometimes ( )
c) Always ( ) d) Never ( )
16) What is the distance B/w you...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
c) Always ( ) d) Never ( )
23) Do you have any others sources of income
a) Agriculture ( )...
Study on Absenteeism of Workers
29) Do you feel that the training programmes on absenteeism are
informative & useful
a) St...
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  1. 1. Study on Absenteeism of Workers INTRODUCTION About Chocolate (or) Confectionery Chocolate food products made from coca beans consumed as candy and used many beverages and as flavoring products. Rich in carbohydrate it is an excellent source of quick energy and also contains minute amount of the stimulating alkaloids Bromine and caffeine. Chocolate manufacturing started in the American Colonies in 1765 at Dorchester, using Coca beans brought in by New England Sea Capitals from their voyage to the west Indies James baker financed the first mill, which was operated in an Irish immigrant, Hohn Hanan water, power was used for grinding the beans. Chocolate is made from the kernels of fermented and roasted coca beans. The kernels are ground to from a paste calls chocolate liquor, which may be hardened in moulds to from baking (butter) chocolate; pressed to reduce the coca butter (vegetable) content and then pulverized to make coca power; pr kined with sugar and additional coca butter to make sweet (eating) chocolate, developed in English firm in 1847. Coating chocolate for use in candies and biscuits (cookies) came into use soon after ward. The addition of concentrated milk to sweet chocolate produces milk chocolates, introduced by danel pets of Switzerland in 1786. The present study is About Nutrine Confectionery industry in India. The word “confectionery” was derided the Latin word “connection” which means “Hard boiled sweet”. It is an age-old profession, family confectioneries were there from 18th century. Confectionery is two types 1) Sugar confectionery 2) Flavor confectionery Means sweets in which sugar is the main ingredient either they consist of sugar in very fine crystal from dispersed in a sugar solution and flavored such as P a g e | 1
  2. 2. Study on Absenteeism of Workers chocolate creams of fondants of they may be sugar maintained in a solution of careful blend of the different types of sugar i.e., boiled sweets toffees (or) caramels. Milk nuts are employed to obtain a variety of flavors and textures. Before the 19th century, sweets, candies were the monopoly of apothecaries who made them to hide the taste of their drug. The confectionery Industry in India is divided into two groups 1) Organized sector. 2) Unorganized sector. Organized Sector It contains of large scale units of confectionery whose scale of operation is very large. The organized sectors in India are 1) Nutrine 2) Parry’s 3) Parle ravalgon 4) Perfetti 5) Candico 6) Nestlé 7) Cadbury 8) Itc etc. Unorganized sector It contains of small scale of confectionery whose scale of operations is limited to their locations (local area) The sector can be segmented as follows Confectionery products can be categorized as, 1) Hard boiled sugar candies, looipops, jellies 2) Toffees 3) Chewing gums 4) Breathe fresheners, digestive, and throat relievers. P a g e | 2
  3. 3. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Market share of various companies in the sugar confectionery market Company Market Share Major brands Nutrine Parle Parrys Joyco Candico Ravalgon Prefetti Nestle CADBURY WRIGLEY 34% 12% 10% 8% 8% 7% 6% 4% 4% 3% Mahalacto,Kokinaka, Honey fab,Aamras, Chumachuma,Gulkhand,Funda,Gumyum,Ole, Nutrine Éclairs, Superstar, Caramella, Wildcoffy, Dishum, Assay. Coffybite, Lactoking, Coconutpunch, Caremilk, Madras, café, Softspot, Flavoured candy, Mango, Sunshine,Shaki,Pineapple. Melody, Mangobite, Kismi, Poppins, Rola cola, Luxdairy, Pepparimit, Rusemit. Bommers, Bonkers, Donalds, Pinpon, Mickey Minto(after smoke), Americano(candy king) Organg-Tuttifuthi, Drum beatvannila rall, Elaichiroll, Big freedom jumbo_gumba, Locopoco, Minto fresh. Panpasand, Mangomood, coffeebreak, Hisoft, supreme, cherries, juicy. Brooklyn, Bigbabbool, Aplenliebe, Centre fresh, Chlormint, Goliacofitos. Polo Allen’s splash, Tuff butter, Fruitrings, Fox’s Googly, Mocka, English Toffee, Fruitiest, Gollum, Éclairs, Pops. Wrigley’s chewing gum, spearmint Boomer, Juicy fruit, bouble mint. P a g e | 3
  4. 4. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Market Segments: The confectionery market can be classified into 3 segments. 1. Monos –Hard boiled candies, toffees, éclairs & jelly cups from 80% of the market. 2. Stick Lollipops and rolls from about 6% - 8% OD the market. 3. OTC (over the counter)- Lozenges and digestive candies from 12% - 14% of the market. Major players in confectionery market The leading national players in confectionery market are 1) Nutrine 2) Parrys 3) Parle 4) Revalgon 5) Candico 6) Perfetti 7) Wrigleys 8) JoycoIndia Market shares of each category of confectionery market Category Market share Hard – boiled confectioneries 51% Toffees 18% Chewing gum and bubblegum 18% Éclairs 5% Mints 4% Lozenges 4% 1.1 INTRODUCTION TO RESERCH TOPIC P a g e | 4
  5. 5. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Some Definitions of Absenteeism: - “Absenteeism” is a practice or a habit of being an “absence” and an “absentee” is one who habitually stays away. - WEBSTER’S DICTIONARY - ‘Absenteeism’ is the failure of a worker to report for work when he is scheduled to work. - LABOUR BUREAU SIMLA Meaning: Employees’ presence at the work place during the schedule time is highly essential for the smooth running of the production process in particular and the organization in general. Despite the significance of presence, employees sometime fail to report to the work place during the scheduled time, which is known as “Absenteeism”. According to PICOARS AND MAYERS: Unexpected absence disturbs the efficiency of the group as the jobs are inter connected, if one single man remains absent without prior notice the whole operation process is distributed. This Absenteeism results in production losses because, due to Absenteeism, workers cost increases and thus efficiency of operations is affected. Features of Absenteeism: Research Studies undertaken by different authors reveal the following features of Absenteeism i. The rate of Absenteeism is the lowest on pay day; it increases considerably on the days following the payment of wages and bonus. ii. Absenteeism is generally high among the workers below 25 years of age and those above 40 years of age. iii. The rate of Absenteeism varies from department to department within an organization. iv. Absenteeism in traditional industries is seasonal in character. Types of Absenteeism P a g e | 5
  6. 6. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Absenteeism is of four types viz…. 1. Authorized Absenteeism. 2. Unauthorized Absenteeism. 3. Willful Absenteeism. 4. Absenteeism caused by circumstances beyond one’s control. 1) Authorized Absenteeism If an employee absents himself from work by taking permission from superior and applying for leave, such Absenteeism is called authorized Absenteeism. 2) Unauthorized Absenteeism If any employee absents himself from work without informing or taking permission and without applying for leave, such absenteeism is called Unauthorized Absenteeism. 3) Willful Absenteeism If any employee absents himself from duty willfully, such Absenteeism is called Willful Absenteeism. 4) Absenteeism caused by circumstances beyond one’s control If any employee absent himself from duty owing to the circumstances beyond his control like involvement in accidents (or) sudden sickness, such absenteeism is called Absenteeism caused by circumstances beyond one’s control. Calculations of Absenteeism rate: Absenteeism can be calculated with the help of the following formula. Absenteeism rate = No of Mondays lost x 100 No of Mondays scheduled to work Absenteeism rate can be calculated for different employees and for different time periods like month & year. The frequency rate reflects the incidence of absence and is usually expressed as the no of separate absence in a given period, irrespective of absence. The frequency rate represents the average no of absence per worker in a given period. Frequency rate = The no of times in which the leave was availed X 100 P a g e | 6
  7. 7. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Total no of Monday’s schedules to work Severity rate: Severity rate is the average length of time lost per absence and is calculated by using the following. Severity rate = Total no of days absent during a period X 100 Total no of times absent during that period A high severity rate indicates that the employee is absent for longer duration each time. High frequency and severity rates indicates that the employee is absent more frequently and for longer duration’s each time resulting in high Absenteeism even in absolute terms. Causes of Absenteeism The following are the general causes of the Absenteeism 1. Maladjustment with the working conditions: If the working conditions of the company are poor, the workers cannot adjust themselves with the company’s working conditions. Then they prefer to stay away from the company. 2. Social and religious ceremonies: Social & religious functions divert the workers attention from the work. 3. Unsatisfactory housing Conditions at the working place. 4. Industrial housing The industrial fugue compels workers to remain outside the work place. 5. Unhealthy working conditions The poor and intolerable working conditions in the factories irritate the working excess heat, noise, either too much or too low lighting, poor ventilation, dust, smoke cause poor health of the workers. This factory causes the workers to be absent. 6. Poor welfare facilities P a g e | 7
  8. 8. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Though a no of legislation concerning welfare facilities are enacted, many organizations fail to provide welfare facilities. This is either due to the poor financial position of the companies (or) due to the exploitative attitude of the employs. The welfare facilities includes poor sanitation, washing, bathing first aid appliances, ambulance, restrooms drinking water, canteen, shelter, crèches etc.. The dissatisfied worker with these facilities prefers to be away from the workplace. 7. Alcoholism Workers mostly prefer to spend money on the consumption of liquor and enjoyment after getting the wages. Therefore, the rate of absenteeism is more during the first week every month 8. Indebt ness The low level wages and unplanned expenditure of the workers force then to borrow heavily. The research studies indicate that workers borrow more than 10 times of their net pay. Consequently workers fail to repay the money. Then they try to escape the place in order to avoid the money lenders. This leads to absenteeism. 9. Maladjustment with job demands The fast enhancing technology demand higher level skills from the workers fail to meet these demands due to their lower level education and/or absenteeism of training. 10. Unsound personnel policies The improper and unrealistic personnel policies result in employee dissatisfaction. The dissatisfied employee in tune prefers to be away from the work. 11. Inadequate leave facilities The inadequate leave facilities provided by the employer forces him to depend on ESI leave which allows the workers to be away from the work for 56 days in a year on half pay. 12. Low level of wages P a g e | 8
  9. 9. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Wages in some organizations are very poor and they are quite inadequate to meet the basic needs of the employees. Therefore, employers go for other employment during their busy seasons and earn more money. Further, some employees take up part time jobs. Thus the employees resort to moonlighting and absent themselves from the work. Categories of Absenteeism K.N.VAID classified chronic absenteeism to fine categories viz…. 1) Entrepreneurs 2) Status seekers 3) Epicureans 4) Family-oriented and 5) The sick and the old. 1) Entrepreneurs These classes of absenteeism consider that their jobs are very small for their total interest and personal goals. They engage themselves in other social and economic activities to fulfill their goals. 2) The status seekers This type pf Absentees enjoy or perceive a higher ascribed social status and are keen on maintaining it. 3) The epicureans The classes of absentees do not like to take up the jobs which demand initiative responsibilities, discipline and discomfort they wish to have money, power, and status but are unwilling to work for their achievement. 4) Family-oriented These types of absentees are often identified with the family activities. 5) The sick and old These categories of absentees are mostly unhealthy, with a weak constitution or old people. P a g e | 9
  10. 10. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Measures to minimize Absenteeism Absenteeism affects the organization from multiple angles. It severely affects the production process and the business process. The effect of unauthorized absenteeism is more compared other types of absenteeism. However, it would be difficult to completely avoid absenteeism. The management can minimize absenteeism. The following measures are useful in controlling or minimizing absenteeism. 1) Selecting the employees by testing them thoroughly regarding their aspirations value systems, responsibility and sensitiveness. 2) Adopting a humanistic approach in dealing with the personal problems of employees. 3) Following or proactive approach in identifying and redressing employee grievances. 4) Providing hygienic working conditions. 5) Providing welfare measures and fringe benefits, balancing the need for the employee and the ability of the organization. 6) Providing high wages and allowances based on the organizational financial positions. 7) Impressing the communication network particularly the upward communication. 8) Providing leave facility based on the needs of the employees and organizational requirement. 9) Providing safety & health measures. 10) Providing cordial human relations & Industrial relations. 11) Educating the workers. 12) Counseling the workers about their carrier, income & expenditure habits & culture. 13) Free flow of information, exchanging of ideas problems etc... B/w subordinate & superior. 14) Granting leave and financial assistance liberally in case of sickness of employee & his family members. 15) Offering attendance bonus & inducements. 16) Providing extensive training, encouragement, special allowance in cash for technological advancements. P a g e | 10
  11. 11. Study on Absenteeism of Workers 1.2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE Theoretical background of the Topic: Absenteeism has been variously defined by the Authorities from time to time. Thus the term Absenteeism refers to the workers absence from his regular task, when he is scheduled to work. Any employees stay away from work if he has taken leave to which he is entitled or on the grounds of sickness or some accident without any previous sanction of leave. Nevertheless usually, involuntary lay off, lack of work, authorized leave or vacation period of work stoppage are not counted as absence. Strikes, lock outs and late attendance are treated as absence. P a g e | 11
  12. 12. Study on Absenteeism of Workers 1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM Study of Absenteeism among Industrial Worker is not only from view point of but it is important from the view point of moral of employees. Even though the effect of the good morale of employees, may not be calculated in terms of costs, but it should be said that, it is important than cost. There is a clear relationship between high absenteeism and employees moral, because it can easily traced that these department having high rate of absenteeism have low moral. There is a clear relationship between employee’s attitude & absenteeism. They are related to each other. So employee’s attitude & morale are the important factors. Labors is Human Factor, therefore consideration shall also be taken into account in the discussion of problem connected in the absenteeism has been continuous to be one of the major labors problem in Indian Industries. As “No work No pay” is usually the general rule, the loss to workers absenteeism is quite obvious when the workers fail to attend to the regular work, there income is reduced and the workers become still poorer. Hence, Health and efficiency of the worker is affected by the irregularity of the workers attendance. The loss of employees and industry is due to absenteeism is still greater and both efficiency and discipline suffer the maintenance of additional workers leads to serious implications. Thus the above discussions show how the problem of absenteeism is very important to the organization. So, I have selected this problem of study. P a g e | 12
  13. 13. Study on Absenteeism of Workers OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The Study aims at assessing the absenteeism in workers.  To conduct a detailed study on Absenteeism of Nutrine.  To identify the various that lead to Absenteeism.  To identify the variables that reduces the rate of Absenteeism  To find out the rate of Absenteeism in Nutrine.  To find out causes of Absenteeism & suggest remedies to reduce it. P a g e | 13
  14. 14. Study on Absenteeism of Workers RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: This is the technique followed in social research on any subject. The research has selected the subject: “A Study of Absenteeism of workers in Nutrine Confectionary Company Ltd.” Research Design: The process starts after selection of the topic Research Design denotes the planning of the research study by which the researcher followed the below mentioned methods and techniques Data Collection: Data Collected from primary and secondary data/sources. Primary Data: Asking questions with employees and workers personally. Secondary Data: Collecting the data from reference books and past records. Sampling Methods: Sampling method used for this study is non- probability convenience sampling. According to my convenience the total samples interviewed are 105. Methods of Data Collection: Interview Method: Interview method was used for the data collection with the interview schedule. Questions of the schedule were recorded systematically. Researcher had interviewed 105 employees personally and collected the required information with this project is an outcome. All most all the workers could speak, till date researcher could not find any difficulty in questioning and getting proper response. Collections of Questionnaires and Schedules: A questionnaire is simply a paper sheet (or) a few paper sheets containing a no of questions printed (or) cyclostyled. These questions usually are very carefully drafted keeping in view the main object, nature and scope of problem under investigation. P a g e | 14
  15. 15. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Though questionnaires and schedules very often mean the same, yet there exists a subtle difference. Schedule is usually blank forms containing certain blank columns, under relevant headings. These schedules are commonly meant to be filled by informants filling up a schedule in variably requires some training questionnaires are necessarily followed by sufficient instructions as regards the procedure and manner of answering the questions. Processing and analysis of data. After the data have been collected it has be analyzed. The data obtained from the questionnaire is arranged in a serial order their master copy with tabulation method is being prepared. Tabulation is part of the technical procedure where in the essential data is put in the form table. P a g e | 15
  16. 16. Study on Absenteeism of Workers 2.0 COMPANY /ORGANISATION PROFILE 2.1 COMPANY PROFILE: Nutrine confectionery company ltd is the foremost unit of Nutrine group of companies spanning diversified products and services like confectionery, chewing gum, gawlies, hire purchase, leasing & transportation etc. Establishment Establishment 1952 Chairman Sri.v. Dwarakanath Reddy Managing director Sri.v. vikram Reddy Board of directors Sri.v. Madhusudhan Reddy Sri.v. Dinesh Reddy Sri.v. Shiva Monan. The nutrine confectionery company ltd was established in the initial stage started as a small unit manufacturing different types of candies. The management has gained in valuable insight into the confectionery unit, with a vision and ethics. The organization has grown small scale manufacturer in the 1960’s to become the single largest manufacturer of confectionery and toffees in India a distinction it has claimed since 1980, with more than 45 varieties of candies toffees, fruit bars and nutrine jells one of every third of confectionery sold in the organized sector in India market. It is reported a turnover of Rs. 171 crores in 1989. The other important strengths are its distributors this being oral gratification business that relies largely on impulse purchase made right at the retail outlays nutrine reaches some 425000 retailers across in India through its network of 2,400 stockiest who are supplied by its 36 warehouses in the south and chain of carrying and forwarding (c & f) agents in the rest of the country. Nut’s advertising budget for 2000 – 2001 is a core earn market for sundry promotion and events. P a g e | 16
  17. 17. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Location factors: Nutrine confectionery company ltd is started in the border town at chittoor NH-4 in Andhra Pradesh. The company is established in an area where basic raw materials like milk, sugar etc are available in plenty and easily procurable. Chattier other wise called as “mango city” lies in an advantageous horticultural where tropical fruits like mango, banana & popaya are grown in abundance. Very good crops of lime, tomato and other vegetable are the compelling reasons for many fruit processing units being developed in the region and nutrine has always been in forefront of this Argo Industrial activity. In 1980’s nutrine faced competition from parries, Parle and Ravalgon not to mention Cadbury’s. In recent years domestic rivalry on a massive modernization drive to upgrade it plans. Growth and Development For a small-scale industrial unit manufacturing only candies in the early 1960’s Nutrine confectionery company ltd has grown multitudes of become multi- core multi product national gains. Nutrine confectionery company ltd is the single largest manufacturing company of confectionary in India since 1982. The production strength and quality assurances given to the market by companies are due to the attitude and business acumen of members particularly of the chairman. The management added a number of sophisticated machinery imported from countries like U.K the Germany apart from the indigoes machinery equipments. This makes product quality it Nutrine the most acceptable to the consumer and a no to exciting new ranges of confectionery products are being manufactured in India for the past several years. Nutrine Possess the most equipped research and development laboratory where continuous Research and Development & product in notation is carried out to give never dimensions to business philosophy. Today, Nutrine has manpower comprising 1400 employees all over the country Nutrient confectionery company ltd built of a repetition of excellent employee, employer relationship continuously being reinforced by generous, benefits afford, which includes free uniform shoes, washing and medical allowances, subsidized Tiffin and meals, free tea dresses on the eve of festival to family, school uniform & stationery for children etc. P a g e | 17
  18. 18. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Nutrine confectionery co. ltd growth has been one of a sure study with the luckiest Masco of “Bunny” designed is 1968 and with its present caption ‘terrific treat in every sweet’ it is emerging as a confectionery having high market share in the organized sector current operations and future outlook Nutrine confectionery co. ltd exports nature mango fruit bars and other confectionery products to various international internal factors viz, Australia, middle cast, South Africa, Newzeland and Srilanka. Every effort is being made to establish nutrine as a household name is international market. Nutrine confectionery co. ltd in India producing delay drafted fruit bar based in an innovate highest quality standard and hygiene factors at canning and packing. Production setup Nutrine confectionery co. ltd products its confectionery with a main faction at chittoor and with subsidiary unit arrangements located at Hyd, Banglore and at pulicheria of chittoor district itself. Nut also contributes to the Agro Industry as follows  Nut is a industrial consumer of India limited glucose in the country.  Nut is one of the largest industrial consumer of crystallize sugar in the country.  Nut is one of the largest consumers of flavors in the country,  Nut consumer substantial qualities of Soya powder for protein enrichment in confectionery.  Nut has also developed a unique biocatalyst process for production of liquid glucose.  Nut has bailed facilities for processing coco-beans for use in confectionery production.  Some important points to remember computerized attendance recording system. Attendance recording system is working on computer. The employees will be given on computer. Identify card & punching card at the joining of company. The P a g e | 18
  19. 19. Study on Absenteeism of Workers employees had to record their attendance by inserting their punch card in the punching machine at their entering and leaving the company art time office. The employees should not leave the premises of the company without written permission. Shifting Timing 1st shift 6.00am to 2.00pm 2nd shift 2.00pm to 10.00pm 3rd shift 10.00pm to 6.00am General shift 8.30am to 5.30am Safety and rules of safety All the employees should follow the safety rules while at work wear & use the safety equipments. House keeping and cleanliness It is the responsibility of each employee of the Company to follow good house keeping & cleanliness and help maintaining good atmosphere. Discipline All the employees to follow the rules of the company in force and that come into the operation from time to time and help in maintaining industrial peace. Employee relationship Nutrine Confectionary Company Ltd has built up a reputation of excellent relationship reinforced by generous benefits like free education, benefits to the employees; free clothing on the eve of festival. There is only one recognized workers union out of two registered unions, and the industrial relations are maintained peace fully. Competitors In the confectionary field the major competitors of Nutrine are Parry’s, PARLE, Revalogon, Cadbury, Nestle, Perfetti and Vanmell. Social obligations  The social service activities of Nutrine are  Conducting under 13 super star cricket tournaments to talent cricket’s talent in younger generations our country. P a g e | 19
  20. 20. Study on Absenteeism of Workers  Setting up school for children.  Financial assistants to associate of blind people.  Setting up of traffic divider and traffic islands in chittoor town.  Setting up of children part at b.v.reddy colony, chittoor.  A planned nut Nagar near the Bangalore highway at iruvarum, a company quarters for the employees of nut. Sponsoring for games and sports Nuts sponsor many games and sports is conducted inter college hockey tournament on Kerala. Recently Nutrine is the sponsors of the national women hockey tournament at Tirupati. Various department of the confectionery Nutrine Confectionery Company Ltd has consectors as its various departments like: Raw-material department The company has raw-material departments which take care of provisions of raw-material department for the manufacture of product and also availability of raw- materials. Production department In this department the company looks after the production process. This further divided in to three-sub departments viz:  Confectionery departments  Toffee departments  Wrapping departments Confectionery departments In this department the company produces more than 45 varieties of hard Body confectioneries. Toffee departments In this zone the company manufacturer more than 75 varieties of toffees. Wrapping department This department deals with the packing of the final products. The company has automated the wrapping sections. P a g e | 20
  21. 21. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Quality controlled department This department looks after the quality of the product, which has a well equipped state of the art research & development laboratory to check the quality of the products. Workshop It has its own well equipped workshop to with the machinery. This department undertakes the repairs and snags besides maintenance. Finance department The personnel department deals with the administrative and welfare of the workers and also maintenance of the attendance of the company. Marketing department It deals with the entire commercial and promotional activities like advertising, market research and various strategies in order to popularized products developed in the company. The Product Profile of Nutrine Confectionery Company Private Limited Chittoor.  Mango bond  Chocolate éclairs  Superstar delite  Top cream assortments  Twin treat assortments  Espresso toffee  Nutrine royal (pista, badam, kajur,kesar)  Nutrine gold  Soft heart  Gulkand  Mangosoft(entre pineapple, toffee, clubby)  Milky caramd  Chumma chumma  Assay  Nutrinecookies(coconut,elaichi)  Marval  Sunship fruit  Nutrine (lollipop)  Bullest jar  Mixed caraways  Turkey eggs  Coconut punch  regal assessment  New lacto  Mango, banana, grapes, gova, papaya P a g e | 21
  22. 22. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Sources complied from the records of nut confectionery company limited chittoor. NUTRINE CONFECTIONERY COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT CHART P a g e | 22 DEPUTY MANAGERASSISTANT MANAGERDEPUTYMANAGER VICE PRESIDENT
  23. 23. Study on Absenteeism of Workers P a g e | 23
  24. 24. Study on Absenteeism of Workers NUT CONFECTIONERY COMPANY LIMITED CHITTOOR Man power No. of persons 1. Senior Executives 009 Assistant Manager To Manager 058 Supervisor to Supervisors 181 (Including Field Personnel) Sales Representatives 139 Staff (Clerical) 090 Trainer 014 2. Workers Grade: Force men 003 Grade1 007 Grade2 007 Grade3 476 Grade4 040 ITI Apprentice 017 3. Drw 336 4. I&U Workers 091 5. Mint Roll (Pr) 026 6. Hadnd Wrapping (Pr) 011 7. Chacho (Pr) 004 Total 1809 3.1 DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION P a g e | 24
  25. 25. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Table 1 Age of the Respondents Employee age in years Respondents Percentage Below 25 26 24.7 25-35 42 40 35-45 20 19.1 Above 45 17 16.2 Total 105 100 age of the respondents 26 42 20 17 <25 25-35 35-45 >45 Inference: The above table explains that from the total respondents 24.7% of respondents are below age groups of 25 years. 40% of respondents are of groups of 35 years 45 years age of groups is 19.1% above 45 years are 16.1% of respondents. None of the respondents are below further it clears that majority of total respondents are from age of 25 to 35 i.e. 40%. Table-2 P a g e | 25
  26. 26. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Designation of employee Designation Respondents Percentage supervisors 20 19.05 workers 42 40 chemists 17 16.19 others 26 24.76 Total 105 100 designation of employees 20 42 17 26 105 1 2 3 4 5 Inference: From the above table it indicates, that of the total respondent 19.04% of respondents are working as supervisors, 40% respondents as workers, 16.2% are in the place of chemists and the rest of respondents are from the other designation. The above table’s gives clear pictures of majority i.e. majority of respondents are working as workers in factory. Table -3 Table showing in which department the respondents’ works. P a g e | 26
  27. 27. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Department Respondents Percentage Raw materials 25 23.8 Confectionary 25 23.8 Toffees 20 19.0 Wrapping 15 14.3 Quality 10 9.5 Work shop 10 9.5 total 105 100 different departments 25 25 20 15 1010 105 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Inference: From the above table it indicates that of the total respondents, 23.8% of respondents are working in raw material department. In confectionery 23.8% of respondents, 19.1% of respondents are working in toffees, 14.3% of respondents in wrapping and the rest 9.5% in quality and work shop 9.5% of responds. Further it clears that no of respondents are working raw material, confectionery and in toffees department only. Table-4 Size of members in family the respondents Family size in members respondents percentage 2 20 19.05 3-5 54 51.43 5-7 20 19.05 P a g e | 27
  28. 28. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Above 7 11 10.48 Total 105 100 familty size of members 20 54 20 11 1 2 3 4 Inference: Out of total 105 respondents only 19.04% are 2 members, 51.43% of respondents are having 3-5 members, 5-7 members are 19.04% of respondents are above 7 members are only 10.49% of respondents. Table-5 Marital status of respondents Marital status respondents percentage married 77 73.33 unmarried 28 26.67 Total 105 100 P a g e | 28
  29. 29. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Martial Status 77 28 Married Unmarried Inference: According to the survey conducted 73.33% of respondents are got married and rest of respondents is got married and rests of respondents i.e. 26.67% of respondents are un-married. From the above table it is clear that the majority of respondents i.e. 73.33% of respondents are married. Table -6 The educational qualification of Respondents Qualification Respondents Percentage Illiterate 35 33.33 <10th standard 23 21.91 Technical 27 25.71 Graduates 20 19.05 Total 105 100 P a g e | 29
  30. 30. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Educational Qualification 35 23 27 20 Illiterate <10th Std. Technical Graduates Inference: As shown in the table most of the respondents i.e. 33.3% of respondents are illiterate, 21.9% of respondents are below 10th & 25.7% of respondents and having technical qualifications and rest of the respondents 19.1% are graduates. Table-7 Years of experience of the respondent’s years of Experience Respondents Percentage <5 years 10 9.52 5-10 years 36 34.29 10-20 years 19 18.10 20-30 years 40 38.10 Total 105 100 P a g e | 30
  31. 31. Study on Absenteeism of Workers years of experiences of respondents < 5 years 10% 5-10 years 34% 10-20 years 18% 20-30 years 38% < 5 years 5-10 years 10-20 years 20-30 years Inference: From the above table that is indicates that of the total respondents, 9.52% of respondents are below 5 years of experience 34.28% of respondents are 5 to 10 years of experience, 18.10% of respondents and having 15 to 20 years of experience & rest of respondents i.e. 38.10% of respondents & having 20 to 30 years experience. Table-8 Responsibility of intimation to the supervisors Opinion Respondents Percentage Rarely 35 33.33 Some times 55 52.38 Always 05 4.76 Never 10 9.53 Total 105 100 P a g e | 31
  32. 32. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Responsiability of intimation to the supervisors 35 55 5 10 1 2 3 4 Inference: As per the table 33.33%of respondents feeling this responsibility rarely 52.38% feel it some times where as 4.76% feel it as must and the other i.e. 9.53% feel it never. Table-9 The majority of workers absent due to unexpected work. Unexpected work Respondents percentage rarely 40 38.10 sometimes 22 20.95 always 0 0.00 never 43 40.95 Total 105 100 P a g e | 32
  33. 33. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Workers absent due to unexpected work 40 22 0 43 Rarely Sometimes Always Never Inference According to the survey conducted 38.09% of respondents are rarely absent, 20.95% of the respondents will absents sometimes & the rest 40.96% are never absent to duty due to unexpected work. By these surveys the majority of workers i.e. 40.96% are never absent duty due to unexpected. Table-10 Is health one of the Reasons for Absenteeism Health is reason Respondents Percentage Rarely 32 30.48 Sometimes 48 45.71 Always 0 0.00 Never 25 23.81 Total 105 100 P a g e | 33
  34. 34. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Health is reason for absenteeism Rerely 30% Someti mes 46% Always 0% Never 24% Inference Out of total 105 respondents, 30.48% of respondents are rarely absent, and 45.72% of respondents their absents for sometimes and rest 23.80% of total respondents will never absent for the duty due to health reason. From the above table it is clearly observed that the workers will absent to duty i.e. 45.72% are absent for sometimes only. Table-11 Which shift workers are facing the problems in working? shifts respondents percentage I shift 22 20.96 II shift 21 20.00 III shift 62 59.04 Total 105 100.00 P a g e | 34
  35. 35. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Wokers Problem in w hic h Shift 22 2162 1 shifts 2 shifts 3 shifts Inference As it can be clearly seen from the above table that from the total respondents i.e. 105, 20.96% of respondents are facing problems in 1st shift 20% in 2nd shift and move and rest of respondents 59.04% are facing problems in 3rd shift. Further it clears that majority of total respondents i.e. 59.04% are facing problems in 3rd shifts only. Table-12 Response regarding safety measures Response Respondents percentage Yes 85 80.95 No 20 19.05 Total 105 100.00 P a g e | 35
  36. 36. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Response regard to saefty measures 85 20 105 1 2 3 Inference: The table shows that nearly 81% are satisfactory about safety measures in the factory only 19% feel, they are not adequate. Table-13 Different kinds of problems facing to attend to duty. Problems Respondents percentage sickness 30 28.57 social 27 25.71 personal 42 40.00 economic 06 05.72 Total 105 100 P a g e | 36
  37. 37. Study on Absenteeism of Workers problems facing to attend to duty Respondents sickness 29% Soc ial 26% personal 39% Ec onomic 6% Inference: As shown in the above table most of the respondents i.e. 40% of respondents are absent to duty because of personal problems, 25.71% of respondents i.e. are absent due to slickness and the rest of i.e. 5.72% are absent sue to economical causes. It is clearly observed that moist of the respondents are absent due to personal problems i.e. 40% of respondents. Table-14 Absence due to reaching factory late. Frequency respondents percentage Rarely 20 19.04 Sometimes 70 66.66 Always 5 4.76 Never 10 9.54 Total 105 100 P a g e | 37
  38. 38. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Absenc e due to reac hing fac tory late 70 5 10 20 Rarely Sometimes Always Never Inference: As per the table due to reaching factory late 19.04% of respondents are rarely. 66.66% are sometimes absent 5% are always absent and 9.54% are never absent only sometimes due to this reason. Table-15 Distance b/w respondent’s house and factory. Distance Respondents Percentage Below 1 km 43 40.95 1 to 5 21 20.00 5 to 10 16 15.24 Above 10 km 25 23.81 Total 105 100 P a g e | 38
  39. 39. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Distance between respondents house and factory 43 21 16 25 Below 1km 1 to 5 km 5 to 10 Above 10 km Inference: From the above table it indicates, that of the total respondents, 40.95% of respondents are below 1km, and 20% of respondents are 1 to 5 km of distance, 15.24% of respondents are living 5 to 10 km away, and the rest of the respondents i.e. 23.80% are residing far i.e. above 10km from the factory. By the above observation it clears that majority of total respondents are residing near the factory i.e. below 1km. Table-16 Conveyance to the factory. Mode of convenience Respondents Percentage Bus 20 19.04 Cycle 40 38.10 Scooter 15 14.29 Walk 30 28.57 Total 105 100 P a g e | 39
  40. 40. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Conveyance to the factory Respondents 20 4015 30 Bus Cycle Scooter Walk Inference As per the table, 19.04% of respondents come to factory by bus, 38.09% come by cycle and 14.28% come by scooter. The rest i.e. 28.59% come to factory by walk because of their near by quarters. Table-17 The rate of bad habits among the Respondents Bad habits Respondents Percentage Alcohol 38 36.19 Smoking 32 30.48 Gambling 12 11.43 Nothing 23 21.90 Total 105 100 P a g e | 40
  41. 41. Study on Absenteeism of Workers The rate of bad habits among the respondents Respondents Alcohol 37% Smoking 30% Gambling 11% Nothing 22% Inference: According to the survey conducted 36.19% of respondents are having the habit of taking alcohol, 30.48% respondents are having smoking habit and 11.43% are the habit of gambling, and the rest of respondents i.e. 21.90% do not having and habit. From the above table it clears that the majority of respondents are having the habit of drinking the alcohol. Table-18 Absenteeism affects the economics conditions of workers. Economic condition Respondents Percentage Yes 75 71.43 No 30 28.57 Total 105 100 P a g e | 41
  42. 42. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Effecting the Economic Conditions Yes, 75 No, 30 Yes No Inference: As shown in the table most of the total respondents i.e. 71.43% of respondents are agreed and 28.57% of respondents not agreed. It is clearly observed that6 from the above table the majority of respondents are believed that absenteeism will affect their economic conditions. Table-19 Workers are having any creditors at their work place. Creditors Respondent Percentage Yes 58 55.24 No 47 44.76 Total 105 100 P a g e | 42
  43. 43. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Having anyCreditors to Workers Yes, 58 No, 47 Yes No Inference: According to survey conducted 55.23% of respondent are having creditors and the rest of respondents i.e. 44.77% of respondents are not having any creditors. Further it is clear that majority of total respondents i.e. 55.23% of respondents are having creditors at their workplace. Table-20 Absenting to avoid creditors. Response Respondents Percentage Yes 20 19.05 No 60 57.14 Sometimes 25 23.81 Total 105 100 P a g e | 43
  44. 44. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Absenting to Avoid Creditors 20 60 25 Yes No Sometimes Inference: The table show that 19.04% of the respondents are absent to avoid creditors but for 57.14% of the respondents, it is not a cause for absent for 23.82% , it sometimes causes for absent. Table-21 Feeling boredom with the assigned duty. Frequency Respondent Percentage Rarely 10 9.52 Sometimes 10 9.52 Always 5 4.76 Never 80 76.2 Total 105 100 P a g e | 44
  45. 45. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Feeling Boredom with the Assigned Duty 10 10 5 80 Rarely Sometimes Always Never Inference: The table shows that 9.52% of the respondents felt boredom at work rarely, 9.52% felt sometimes, 4.76% felt always and 76.20% felt never, it seems that the majority employees are interested in the work. Table-22 Respondents having any other sources of income. Sources of incoming Respondent Percentage Agriculture 33 31.43 Business 25 23.81 Nothing 47 44.76 Total 105 100 P a g e | 45
  46. 46. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Other Sources of Income 33 25 47 Agriculture Business Nothing Inference: As it can be clearly seen from the above table from the total respondents, 31.43% of respondents and doing Agriculture, and23.80% of respondents are having business and rest of respondent i.e. 44.77% of respondents do not have any source of income. It is clears that majority of respondents i.e. 44.77% of respondents are not having and source of income and there are the dependent on the factory income in. Table-23 Cordial relationship with higher authorities. Response Respondents Percentage Yes 90 85.71 No 5 4.76 Marginal 10 9.52 Total 105 100 P a g e | 46
  47. 47. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Cordial relationship with higher authorities Respondents 90 5 10 Yes No Marginal Inference: As per the table 85.75% of respondents have cordial relationship with higher authorities 9.53% have marginal relationship and 4.76% have not any good relations Table-24 Quarrelling with supervisors. Response Respondents Percentage Yes 5 4.76 No 90 85.71 Something 10 9.52 Total 105 100 P a g e | 47
  48. 48. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Quarreling with supervisors Respondents 510 90 Yes No Sometimes Inference: As per the table 85.71% of respondents do not quarrel with supervisors 9.53% quarrel only at sometimes and 4.76% often do it. Table-25 Absent due to bad working conditions. Bad working Conditions respondents percentage Strongly agree 20 19.05 Agree 22 20.95 Disagree 40 38.10 Strongly disagree 23 21.9 Total 105 100 P a g e | 48
  49. 49. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Badworking conditions 20 22 40 23 Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly disagree Inference: According to the survey conducted out of total 105 respondents 19.04% of respondents are strongly agree and 20.96% of respondents are agree, 38.09% of respondents and disagree and rest i.e. 21.91% of respondents are strongly disagree for it. Further it clears that majority of total respondents i.e. 105, 38.09% of respondents do not agree for the given statement. Table-26 Absence due to heavy work load. Frequency Respondents Percentage Often 0 0.00 Rarely 5 4.76 Sometimes 0 0.00 Never 100 95.2 Total 105 100 P a g e | 49
  50. 50. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Absent due to heavy work 0 5 0 100 Often Rarely Sometimes Never Inference: The table shows that heavy workload is not a reason for absent for nearly 95.24% of respondents. Only 4.76% fell it as reason for absent. Table-27 Wish for higher job (or) Responsibility. Response Respondent Percentage Yes 75 71.43 No 30 28.57 Total 105 100 P a g e | 50
  51. 51. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Wish for higher job or responsibility 75 30 Yes No Inference: The table shows that 71.42% of respondents with for higher job and higher responsibilities only 28.58% feel it negative. Table-28 Effect of training program on absenteeism. Response Respondents Percentage Strongly agree 60 57.14 Agree 30 28.57 Disagree 10 9.52 Strongly disable 5 4.8 Total 105 100 P a g e | 51
  52. 52. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Training programs on absenteeism 6030 10 5 Strongly agree Agree Disgree Strongly disagree Inference: The table shows that 57.14% of respondents strongly agree that training programme on absenteeism has a good effect. 28.57% feels it as satisfactory by agreeing to it 9.52% does not agree with it and the rest i.e. 4.77% feel that it has no effect. Percentage of Absenteeism for the recent year i.e. in month wise. Jan - 3.88% Feb - 2.27% March - 1.53% April - 3.21% May - 3.70% June - 4.38% July - 4.01% Aug - 4.01% P a g e | 52
  53. 53. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Sep - 3.35% Oct - 3.30% Nov - 4.40% Dec - 3.22% %age of Absenteeism - 2002 3.88 2.27 1.53 3.21 3.7 4.38 4.01 4.01 3.35 3.3 4.4 3.22 0 1 2 3 4 5 %age 3.88 2.27 1.53 3.21 3.7 4.38 4.01 4.01 3.35 3.3 4.4 3.22 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec The rate of Absenteeism at the year 2003 i.e. in month wise. Jan - 3.88% Feb - 2.27% March - 1.53% April - 3.21% May - 3.70% June - 4.38% July - 3.85% Aug - 4.01% Sep - 3.35% P a g e | 53
  54. 54. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Oct - 3.30% Nov - 4.40% Dec - 3.22% %age of Absenteeism-2003 3.88 2.27 1.53 3.21 3.7 4.38 3.85 4.01 3.35 3.3 4.4 3.22 0 1 2 3 4 5 %age 3.88 2.27 1.53 3.21 3.7 4.38 3.85 4.01 3.35 3.3 4.4 3.22 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec The rate of Absenteeism at the year. 2004 Jan - 4.28% Feb - 2.68% March - 2.16% April - 3.78% May - 3.96% June - 4.72% July - 3.89% Aug - 4.48% P a g e | 54
  55. 55. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Sep - 4.76% Oct - 5.58% Nov - 5.89% Dec - 5.36% %age of Absenteeism-2004 4.28 2.68 2.16 3.783.96 4.72 3.89 4.484.76 5.585.89 5.36 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec %age The rate of Absenteeism of the present year.2005 Jan - 4.45% Feb - 3.40% March - 2.23% April - 2.59% May - 4.33% P a g e | 55
  56. 56. Study on Absenteeism of Workers %age of Absenteeism-2005 4.45 3.4 2.23 2.59 4.3 0 1 2 3 4 5 Jan Feb Mar Apr May %age Summary of Findings From the study it has found that there are many factors influencing the workers absenteeism, some of them are as follows. P a g e | 56
  57. 57. Study on Absenteeism of Workers 1. Absenteeism in shifts is mainly in 3rd shift i.e. (10 pm to 6am) that mean it is high in night shift. This is because workers in the night shift experience greater discomfort during their course of work than they do during daytime. 2. The habit of Alcoholism among workers is significant cause of Absenteeism, which higher in the first week of each month, when workers receive their wages, rush to liquor shops and drink to forgot their immediate worries. Once included in drink, the habit continuous however the next day leads to absenteeism. 3. From the samples of workers about 60% of the workers are debit other workers in work place due to which they absent themselves in order to escape the creditors. 4. Some many absent because of ill health family member’s health and unexpected work etc. 5. Most of the employees facing personal problem it is also reason for absenteeism. 6. Some of the workers strangely agree that they have cordial relationship with the higher authorities. And they are very much satisfied with the safety measures undertaken by the company. 7. Some of them absent because of Boredom in doing assigned job. 8. While in workers above 55 years old, the absenteeism is least because they are going to retire in a few months (or) days. 9. The rate of absenteeism is nearly 8% in nutrine confectionery company ltd. The normal rate in Indian Industry varies from 7% to 30%. The abnormal level is 40% in other reason. 10. Most of the workers absent because there are having other sources of income i.e. Agriculture, Business. 11. The various training programmes and seminars like “PROGRAME ON HYGHENE FACTORS”. “SAFETY AND SAFCTY MEASURES”. “POSITIVE WORK CULTURE AND “IMPROVEMENT OF PRODUCTIVITY”. P a g e | 57
  58. 58. Study on Absenteeism of Workers “QUALITY OF LIFE-QUALITY OF WORK TIME MANAGEMENT”. These are being conducted by the mgt of NCCL regularly in order to improve the individuality of the workers and to bring up good result in production. And to present absenteeism. Though these training programmes many worker have changed their life style and improved their attendance. According to the sample selected these are the findings 1. 24.7% of the respondents are under 25 years and 40% are from 25 to 35 years and 19.1% are between 35 to 45 years and 16.1 are above 45years. 2. 23.8% of the respondents belongs to raw material department, 23.8% of the respondents belonged to confectionery department, 19.1% of them to toffee department, and 14.3% to cropping / packing quality and workshop 9.5%. 3. 19.4% of respondents are supervisors, 40% of respondents are workers 16.2% of respondents are chemists and 24.76% are belonged to the other designations. 4. 19.4% of the respondents said that their family size is 2 and 51.43% of respondents said that 3 to5 and 19.4% of respondents said that 5 to 7 and 10.49% said that they are above 7. 5. 73.33% of the respondents are married and 26.67% are unmarried. 6. 83.3% of the respondents are Illiterates, 21.9% are below 10th standard and 25.7% are technical and 19.1% are Graduates. 7. 9.52% of respondents are below 5 years of experience, 34.28% are b/w 5 to 10 years 18.10% are b/w 15 to 20 years and 38.10% are 20 to 30 years. 8. 3.33% of the respondents are rarely feel responsible, 52.38% feel some times responsible, 4.76% are always feel responsible and 9.53% are never feel responsible. P a g e | 58
  59. 59. Study on Absenteeism of Workers 9. 38.09% of the respondents are verily absent, 20.95% are sometimes absent and 40.96% are never absent. 10. 30.48% of the respondents are rarely absent because of the health problem 45.72% are sometimes absent and23.80% are never absent. 11. 59.04% of the respondents said that have more problems in attending 3rd shift 20% of the respondents are facing problems in 2nd shift and 20.96% are facing in the 1 shift. 12. 80.95% majority of the respondents said the safety measures are satisfied and 19.05% are un-satisfied. 13. 28.57% of the respondents said that they are absent to their because of sickness problems. 25.72% are economical problems. 14. 19.04% of respondents are rarely absent 66.66% are. Sometimes absent and 4.76% is always and 9.54% are never absent. 15. 40.95% of respondents said that the distance b/w their residents and factory is less than 1 km, 20% of the respondents said that 1 to 5 km, and 15.24% said that 5 to 10 km and 23.80% said they are above 10km. 16. 19.04% of the respondents came to the factory by bus 38.09% by cycle and 14.28% are scooter and 28.59% are by walk. 17. 36.19% of the respondents agree they have the habit of drinking alcohol, 30.48% have the habit of smoking and 11.43% said that they have the habit of gambling and 21.90% said that they have no such sort of habits. 18. 71.43% of the respondents are agreed that they are adjusted by the economic conditions and 28.57% said they are not adjusted. 19. 55.23% of the respondents said that they have some creditors at work place and 44.77% said that they so not have any creditors at work place. 20. 19.04% of the respondents are absent to avoid creditors and 57.14% of respondents it is not cause and 23.82% are sometimes absent due to creditors. P a g e | 59
  60. 60. Study on Absenteeism of Workers 21. 9.52% of the respondents rarely feel bore on the assigned duty and 9.52% sometimes feel bore and 4.76% always bore and 76.20% will never feel boredom. 22. 31.43% of the respondents are doing agriculture, 23.80% doing business and 44.77% do not have any source of income. 23. 85.71% respondents have cordial relations with higher authorities, 9.53% have marginal relationship and 4.76% do not have any relations. 24. 85.71% do not have quarrel with supervisors, 4.76% of respondents often do it and 9.53%, sometimes they do that. 25. 19.04% of respondents are strongly agreed that they have bad working conditions 20.91% strongly disagreed. 26. 95.24% of respondents that heavy work load is not a reason 24.76% rarely feel that it is a reason. 27. 71.42% of respondents are waiting for the higher jobs/responsibility and 28.58% of them are satisfied with their existing job. 28. 57.14% of respondents strongly agreed that training programme on absenteeism has a good effect, 28.57% feel it as agree and 9.52% disagree and 4.72% strongly disagree. SUGGESTIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS/CONCLUSIONS Suggestions: The following are some to the suggestions in order to minimize absenteeism in the company. P a g e | 60
  61. 61. Study on Absenteeism of Workers 1. Many of the workers agree that they have good relationship with higher authorities. Some may fear to talk with them, improving the communication network, particularly the upward communication. 2. Since the literacy rate very lower only few members are the graduates and, some of them are literates, so that by counseling the workers about their career, income & expenditure, habit and culture. The company so what can reduce the absenteeism rate. 3. By providing high wages and allowance based on organizational financial positions. 4. Selecting the workers by testing them thoroughly regarding their aspirations, value system, and sense of responsibility. 5. Most of the workers have bad habit like drinking alcohol, so personal department have tell the effects of these habits. 6. Selecting the workers who do not have any other source of income (i.e.) agriculture business. 7. The management should conduct regular seminars, group’s discussions, social gathering orientations programmes on the problems of absenteeism. 8. The personnel department (HRD) of the factory must conduct the interviews of the absenteeism cases and give proper counseling to the workers. 9. The employees who are attending to 3rd shifts have to be provided more benefits than the workers. In order to make them enthusiastic to attend the workers. Conclusion 1. Majority of the employees are absenting due to Ill health, ailment. 2. Majority of the employees has said they are paid worth of their work. 3. Some of the employees are absenting because they are old, sick. P a g e | 61
  62. 62. Study on Absenteeism of Workers 4. Most of the workers come from rural areas in that some of the workers have bad habits. 5. Most of the workers are having creditors a few persons are having creditors in work place also, some creditors in workplace also, some creditors are coming to the factory gate fore collecting the money from them to avoiding creditors some are absenting. 6. Though there are limitations the personal department is taking special care to frame certain policies and procedures that would reduce absenteeism and increase the labor turn over. 7. Majority of workers is facing problems in 3rd shift the company had to take necessary steps to reduce the problems. Bibliography P a g e | 62
  63. 63. Study on Absenteeism of Workers Personal Mgt - C.B.Mamoria & Gankar. Research Methodology - C.R.Kothari. Industrial Relation & Personal Mgt - P.Tirupathi. Dynamics of Industrial Relations - C.B.Mamoria & Gankar. WEBSITE 1. www.google.com 2. www.prenhall.com 3. www.yahoo.com Questionnaire A study of Absenteeism of workers in Nutrine confectionery company ltd Chittoor 1) Name P a g e | 63
  64. 64. Study on Absenteeism of Workers 2) Age in years a) Below 25 ( ) b) 25 to 35 ( ) c) 35 to 45 ( ) d) Above 45 ( ) 3) Department a) Raw Material ( ) b) Confectionery ( ) c) Wrapping ( ) d) Quality ( ) e) Toffees ( ) f) Workshop ( ) 4) Designation a) Supervisors ( ) b) Workers ( ) c) Chemist ( ) d) Above 45 ( ) 5) Family Members a) 1 to 2 ( ) b) 3 to 5 ( ) c) 5 to 7 ( ) d) above 7 ( ) 6) Martial status a) Married ( ) b) unmarried ( ) 7) Educational Qualification a) Illiterate ( ) b) Below 10th ( ) c) Technical ( ) d) Graduates ( ) 8) Years of experience a) Below 5 ( ) b) 5 to 10 ( ) P a g e | 64
  65. 65. Study on Absenteeism of Workers c) 15 to 20 ( ) d) 20 to 30 ( ) 9) Do you inform you superior about your absence to the duty a) Rarely ( ) b) sometimes ( ) c) Always ( ) d) Never ( ) 10) Do you absent because of UN expect work? a) Rarely ( ) b) sometimes ( ) c) Always ( ) d) Never ( ) 11) Is health is one of the reason for your absence to the duty. a) Rarely ( ) b) sometimes ( ) c) Always ( ) d) Never ( ) 12) In which shift you are facing the none problems to attend the duty a) First ( ) b) Second ( ) c) Third ( ) 13) You are satisfied with the safety measures provided by the Mgt a) Yes ( ) b) No ( ) 14) What are the other problems you face to attend the duty a) Sickness ( ) b) personal causes ( ) c) Social causes ( ) d) Economical causes ( ) 15) You are absent because of you reaching factory late P a g e | 65
  66. 66. Study on Absenteeism of Workers a) Rarely ( ) b) sometimes ( ) c) Always ( ) d) Never ( ) 16) What is the distance B/w your house factory in KM a) Below 1 ( ) b) 1 – 5 ( ) c) 5 – 10 ( ) d) Above 10 ( ) 17) How do you come to the factory a) By bus ( ) b) By cycle ( ) c) By scooter ( ) d) by walk ( ) 18) Did you addict to any bad habits like a) Alcohol ( ) b) smoking ( ) c) Gambling ( ) d) Nothing ( ) 19) Do you think absenteeism affects your economic conditions a) Yes ( ) b) No ( ) 20) Do you have any creditors at workplace a) Yes ( ) b) No ( ) 21) Do you feel that being at home is a good way of avoiding creditors? a) Yes ( ) b) No ( ) c) Sometimes ( ) 22) Do you feel boredom in doing the assigned duty a) Rarely ( ) b) sometimes ( ) P a g e | 66
  67. 67. Study on Absenteeism of Workers c) Always ( ) d) Never ( ) 23) Do you have any others sources of income a) Agriculture ( ) b) Business ( ) c) Nothing ( ) 24) Do you have cordial relationship with your higher authorities? a) Yes ( ) b) No ( ) c) Marginal ( ) 25) Do you quarrel with your supervisors a) Yes ( ) b) No ( ) c) Sometimes ( ) 26) Do you absent because of bad working conditions a) Yes ( ) b) No ( ) c) Sometimes ( ) 27) Do you absent because of heavy workload a) Rarely ( ) b) sometimes ( ) c) Always ( ) d) Never ( ) 28) Are you waiting for a higher job (or) responsibility a) Yes ( ) b) No ( ) P a g e | 67
  68. 68. Study on Absenteeism of Workers 29) Do you feel that the training programmes on absenteeism are informative & useful a) Strongly agree ( ) b) Agree ( ) c) Disagree ( ) d) Strongly ( ) P a g e | 68

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