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Project on mutual funds study and survey

Project on mutual funds study and survey



Project on mutual funds study and survey

Project on mutual funds study and survey



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    Project on mutual funds study and survey Project on mutual funds study and survey Document Transcript

    • ContentsAcknowledgment 3Student undertaking 4Executive summery 5Introduction 7-38 - What is Mutual Fund; 7 - History of Mutual Fund in India; 9 - Types of mutual funds schemes; 12 - Advantages of Mutual Funds; 17 - Disadvantage of Investing Through Mutual Funds; 18 - Mutual Fund investment strategies; 19 - Performance evaluation; 20 - Risk and Return; 25 - Tax treatment for unit holder; 29 - Mutual fund set up; 33 - AMFI; 33 - Tips on buying mutual funds; 36 - AUM; 37Company Profile 39-54 - Standard charted AMC Pvt Ltd; 41 - Schemes - IDFC AMC Pvt Ltd; 43 - Schemes - Acquisition of standard charted by IDFCFindings 52 - Survey background; 52 - Methodology; 52 - Findings;53Conclusion and reconditions 60Questionnaire 61Glossary 65References 67
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com AcknowledgmentIt took great deal of help, tolerance and understanding on the part of a variety of people and organizations toprepare this project report. I would particularly thank to Kamolini mam, Shikha mam, and Punit sir(Standardchartered/ IDFC AMC) as they provided me guide line and support during my training.My special thanks go to JIMS College and its placement department for providing me such an opportunity to workwith Standard Chartered (IDFC) AMC. I would also thank to all staff members of different branches of HDFC Bank Ltd. To all the above and the manycolleagues whose ideas and practice I adopted in the project I wish to express my warmest appreciation for their helpand support along the way.2|Page Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com Student undertakingThis is to certify that this project “Mutual Funds : study & survey” is original work done for the partialfulfillment for the award of post graduate diploma in business management from Jagan Institute ofManagement Studies, Rohini, Delhi. I am grateful to Dr B S Sharma, faculty of PGDBM, JIMS, Rohini, Delhi.Project guide Student(Dr. B S Sharma)3|Page Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com Executive summaryThe Indian mutual fund industry in recent years has exponential growth and yet it is still at a very nascentstage. We believe that the mutual fund industry has grown in terms of size or choices available, but is a longdistance from being regarded as a mature one. To understand this one has to look at the global scenario. Ifone look at the global mutual fund industry, one has see that assets have grown by 185% between 2000and 2006. In comparison, Indian assets outgrew at a staggering 446%, where as the US only grew by 158%and Europe by 242%.As our economy continues to grow at a spectacular rate there is a huge amount of wealth creatingopportunities surfacing everywhere. Financial Planners have an immensely responsible role to play byidentifying these opportunities and channeling them into wealth creating initiatives that would enablepeople to address their financial needs. To give an overview of a recent study conducted by Invest India,there are about 321.8 millions paid workers in India. Of this only 5.3 millions have an exposure to mutualfunds. This is less than 2% of total work force. Even more interesting fact is that 77% of them reside in supermetros and Tier I cities. Again, about 4 millions come in the Rs 90,000-5 lack income bracket. Thepenetration among the less than Rs 90,000 and more than Rs 5 lack income bracket is very low. The needfor the hour is to expend the market boundaries and expand scope in Tier II and Tier III cities.India is also one of the fastest growing markets for mutual funds, attracting a host of global players. Hence,investors will have an even wider range of products to choose from. The combination of the increase innumber of fund houses along with new schemes and the increase in the number of people parking theirsaving in mutual funds has resulted in per cent during April-December 2007. This now stands at Rs 30314billions as against Rs 13476 billions for the corresponding period last year.As on January 31,2008, Indian assets stood at $ 137 billions and are growing. We already have many expertsexpressing their concentration at the frequency of NFO launches. Yet we have less than 1000 schemes inIndia, compared to 15000 in the US and 36000 in Europe. The gap is significant and has to be filled up withunique and better priced products.There has also been a rapid rise in the HNI segment. India stands only second-best to Korea in the Asia-Pacific region in terms of percentage growth. The total HNWI (High Net Worth Individual) assets stood atabout Rs 12 trillion and their assets are distributed over various assets classes. To top them MFs will have tocome up with structured products, real estate funds, commodity based funds, art funds and the like.Indian house holds have also increased their exposure to the capital market. Very interestingly, the MFproportion in this has increased. In fact, there has been more than 2000% growth in the assets coming to4|Page Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comMFs in the last 3 years. Statistics reveal that a higher portion of investors’ savings is now invested inmarket-linked avenues like mutual funds as compared to earlier times.Passing through the growth phaseWe have always read that fund industry has seen three phases – the UTI phase, the public sector phase andthe post – UTI phase. But if we study a bit more closely, there have been four clear stages. - UTI Phase (1964 – 1987) - Public sector phase (1987 – 1993), during which the likes of SBI,BOB and Canara Bank comes in to existence - The emergence phase (1993 – 2003), when international players come in to India. Some have wound up their operations and a few of them are looking for re-entry. - Post UTI phase (2003 – 2007), when domestic players along with some global players have consolidated the MF industry.And now we are entering Phase V of the industry, when not only are newer players readying to enter themarket but are also looking at penetration and market expansion. All in all, this is a win-win situation forIndian investors. We have also come up a long way from plain vanilla equity funds to hybrid funds, frombalanced funds to arbitrage funds, from sectoral funds to quant strategies.Changing investor profileToday’s investor is quite young and very unlike the older generation. He follows a contrarian’s approach.Hw buys when the market flips and books profit when it rallies. While the market corrected by almost 22%during the January mayhem, mutual funds were net buyers to the tune of Rs 4,200 crores. Much of thissupport came from domestic investors. The retail participation in equity schemes has also increasedtremendously. The total AUM of 330 schemes in December last year stood at Rs 2,157 billions as comparedto 197 schemes and Rs92 billions In march 2000. Also in the last three years, mobilizations from NFOs stoodat Rs 95,000 crores. Although many complain that the industry is still brokerage driven, the trends clearlysuggest that investors prefer NFOs to enter equities.Our economy is booming, we have now a sustained GDP growth of 8%, which is likely to remain at this levelfor years to come, our per capita income is about to touch $ 1000 by the end of 2008. The number of AMCsis increasing. Their presence across India is expending. Distributors too are expending their networks.Besides, the regulator has taken up measures to safeguard investor interests. These are all drivers for thefund industry. Together, these greet investor warmly. The need of the investor populace has changed,resulting in a change in asset management styles. In a way, this is leading to the design of new andcompetitively-priced products, implying greater emphasis on higher quality of intermediation. This in itself5|Page Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comis both an opportunity and a challenge. As our economy continuous to grow at a spectacular rate there is ahuge amount of wealth creating opportunities surfacing everywhere. Financial Planners have an immenselyresponsible role to play by identifying these opportunities and channeling them into wealth creatinginitiatives that would enable people to adequately address their financial needs. IntroductionA mutual fund is a professionally-managed form of collective investments that pools money from manyinvestors and invests it in stocks, bonds, short-term money market instruments, and/or other securities.[1Ina mutual fund, the fund manager, who is also known as the portfolio manager, trades the funds underlyingsecurities, realizing capital gains or losses, and collects the dividend or interest income. The investmentproceeds are then passed along to the individual investors. The value of a share of the mutual fund, knownas the net asset value per share (NAV) is calculated daily based on the total value of the fund divided by thenumber of shares currently issued and outstanding.Legally known as an "open-end company" under the Investment Company Act of 1940(the primaryregulatory statute governing investment companies), a mutual fund is one of three basic types ofinvestment companies available in the United States.[2] Outside of the United States (with the exception ofCanada, which follows the U.S. model), mutual fund may be used as a generic term for various types ofcollective investment vehicle. In the United Kingdom and Western Europe (including offshore jurisdictions),other forms of collective investment vehicle are prevalent, including unit trusts, open-ended investmentcompanies (OEICs), SICAVs and unitized insurance funds. In Australia and New Zealand the term "mutualfund" is generally not used; the name "managed fund" is used instead.What is a Mutual Fund?Mutual funds belong to the class of firms known as investment companies. While companies may offer a"family" of funds under a single umbrella name and common administration - for example, the VanguardGroup, Fidelity Investments, or Strong Funds - each fund offered is a separately incorporated investmentcompany. These are entities that pool investor money to buy the securities that make up the fund’sportfolio. The idea behind this pooling of investor money is to give each investor the benefits that comefrom the ownership of a diversified portfolio of securities chosen and monitored daily by experience,professional advisers.The funds create and sell new shares on demand. Investors` shares represent a portion of the fund’sportfolio and income proportional to the number of shares they purchase. Individual shareholders of themutual funds have voting rights in the operation of the fund, just as most holders of common stocks incorporations have the right to vote on certain issues involving the running of the company. The keyattribute of a mutual fund, regardless of how it is structured, is that the investor is entitled to receive ondemand, or within a specified period after demand, an amount computed by reference to the value of theinvestor’s proportionate interest in the net assets of the mutual fund. This means that the owner of mutual6|Page Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comfund shares can "cash in," or redeem his or her shares at any time.Mutual funds, therefore, are considered a liquid investment. The investor’s selling (redemption) price maybe higher or lower than the purchase price. It all depends on the performance of the fund’s portfolio. Thefund has an adviser who charges a fee for managing the portfolio. The adviser decides when and whatsecurities to buy and sell, and is responsible for providing or causing to be provided all services required bythe mutual fund in carrying on its day-to-day activities. All fund investors get this built-in portfoliomanagement whether they own 50 shares or 10,000.The adviser generally purchases many differentsecurities for the portfolio, since investment theory holds that diversification reduces risk. It is thisdiminished risk that is one of the attractions of mutual funds. The fund also has a custodian, usually afinancial institution such as a bank, which holds all cash and securities for the fund.7|Page Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com History of Mutual Fund in IndiaThe EvolutionThe formation of Unit Trust of India marked the evolution of the Indian mutual fund industry in the year1963. The primary objective at that time was to attract the small investors and it was made possiblethrough the collective efforts of the Government of India and the Reserve Bank of India. The history ofmutual fund industry in India can be better understood divided into following phases:Phase 1. Establishment and Growth of Unit Trust of India - 1964-87Unit Trust of India enjoyed complete monopoly when it was established in the year 1963 by an act ofParliament. UTI was set up by the Reserve Bank of India and it continued to operate under the regulatorycontrol of the RBI until the two were de-linked in 1978 and the entire control was transferred in the handsof Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI). UTI launched its first scheme in 1964, named as Unit Scheme1964 (US-64), which attracted the largest number of investors in any single investment scheme over theyears.UTI launched more innovative schemes in 1970s and 80s to suit the needs of different investors. It launchedULIP in 1971, six more schemes between 1981-84, Childrens Gift Growth Fund and India Fund (Indias firstoffshore fund) in 1986, Master share (India’s first equity diversified scheme) in 1987 and Monthly IncomeSchemes (offering assured returns) during 1990s. By the end of 1987, UTIs assets under management grewten times to Rs 6700 crores.Phase II. Entry of Public Sector Funds - 1987-1993The Indian mutual fund industry witnessed a number of public sector players entering the market in theyear 1987. In November 1987, SBI Mutual Fund from the State Bank of India became the first non-UTImutual fund in India. SBI Mutual Fund was later followed by Canbank Mutual Fund, LIC Mutual Fund, IndianBank Mutual Fund, Bank of India Mutual Fund, GIC Mutual Fund and PNB Mutual Fund. By 1993, the assetsunder management of the industry increased seven times to Rs. 47,004 crores. However, UTI remained tobe the leader with about 80% market share.8|Page Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com Mobilisa Amou Assets tion as % 1992- nt Under of gross 93 Mobil Manage Domesti ised ment c Savings 11,05 UTI 38,247 5.2% 7 Public 1,964 8,757 0.9% Sector 13,02 Total 47,004 6.1% 1Phase III. Emergence of Private Sector Funds - 1993-96The permission given to private sector funds including foreign fund management companies (most of thementering through joint ventures with Indian promoters) to enter the mutal fund industry in 1993, provided awide range of choice to investors and more competition in the industry. Private funds introducedinnovative products, investment techniques and investor-servicing technology. By 1994-95, about 11private sector funds had launched their schemes.Phase IV. Growth and SEBI Regulation - 1996-2004The mutual fund industry witnessed robust growth and stricter regulation from the SEBI after the year1996. The mobilization of funds and the number of players operating in the industry reached new heightsas investors started showing more interest in mutual funds.Inventors’ interests were safeguarded by SEBI and the Government offered tax benefits to the investors inorder to encourage them. SEBI (Mutual Funds) Regulations, 1996 was introduced by SEBI that set uniformstandards for all mutual funds in India. The Union Budget in 1999 exempted all dividend incomes in thehands of investors from income tax. Various Investor Awareness Programmes were launched during thisphase, both by SEBI and AMFI, with an objective to educate investors and make them informed about themutual fund industry.In February 2003, the UTI Act was repealed and UTI was stripped of its Special legal status as a trust formed9|Page Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comby an Act of Parliament. The primary objective behind this was to bring all mutual fund players on the samelevel. UTI was re-organized into two parts: 1. The Specified Undertaking, 2. The UTI Mutual FundPhase V. Growth and Consolidation - 2004 OnwardsThe industry has also witnessed several mergers and acquisitions recently, examples of which areacquisition of schemes of Alliance Mutual Fund by Birla Sun Life, Sun F&C Mutual Fund and PNB MutualFund by Principal Mutual Fund. Simultaneously, more international mutual fund players have entered Indialike Fidelity, Franklin Templeton Mutual Fund etc. There were 29 funds as at the end of March 2006. This isa continuing phase of growth of the industry through consolidation and entry of new international andprivate sector players.10 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com Types of mutual funds11 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com1. Schemes according to Maturity Period:- A mutual fund scheme can be classified into open-ended scheme or close-ended scheme depending on its maturity period.  Open-ended Fund/ Scheme:-12 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com An open-ended fund or scheme is one that is available for subscription and repurchase on a continuous basis. These schemes do not have a fixed maturity period. Investors can conveniently buy and sell units at Net Asset Value (NAV) related prices which are declared on a daily basis. The key feature of open-end schemes is liquidity.  Close-ended Fund/ Scheme:- A close-ended fund or scheme has a stipulated maturity period e.g. 5-7 years. The fund is open for subscription only during a specified period at the time of launch of the scheme. Investors can invest in the scheme at the time of the initial public issue and thereafter they can buy or sell the units of the scheme on the stock exchanges where the units are listed. In order to provide an exit route to the investors, some close-ended funds give an option of selling back the units to the mutual fund through periodic repurchase at NAV related prices. SEBI Regulations stipulate that at least one of the two exit routes is provided to the investor i.e. either repurchase facility or through listing on stock exchanges. These mutual funds schemes disclose NAV generally on weekly basis. 2. Schemes according to Investment Objective:- A scheme can also be classified as growth scheme, income scheme, or balanced scheme considering its investment objective. Such schemes may be open-ended or close-ended schemes as described earlier. Such schemes may be classified mainly as follows:  Growth / Equity Oriented Scheme:- The aim of growth funds is to provide capital appreciation over the medium to long- term. Such schemes normally invest a major part of their corpus in equities. Such funds have comparatively high risks. These schemes provide different options to the investors like dividend option, capital appreciation, etc. and the investors may choose an option depending on their preferences. The investors must indicate the option in the application form. The mutual funds also allow the investors to change the options at a later date. Growth schemes are good for investors having a long-term outlook seeking appreciation over a period of time.  Income / Debt Oriented Scheme:-13 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com The aim of income funds is to provide regular and steady income to investors. Such schemes generally invest in fixed income securities such as bonds, corporate debentures, Government securities and money market instruments. Such funds are less risky compared to equity schemes. These funds are not affected because of fluctuations in equity markets. However, opportunities of capital appreciation are also limited in such funds. The NAVs of such funds are affected because of change in interest rates in the country. If the interest rates fall, NAVs of such funds are likely to increase in the short run and vice versa. However, long term investors may not bother about these fluctuations.  Balanced Fund:- The aim of balanced funds is to provide both growth and regular income as such schemes invest both in equities and fixed income securities in the proportion indicated in their offer documents. These are appropriate for investors looking for moderate growth. They generally invest 40-60% in equity and debt instruments. These funds are also affected because of fluctuations in share prices in the stock markets. However, NAVs of such funds are likely to be less volatile compared to pure equity funds.  Money Market or Liquid Fund:- These funds are also income funds and their aim is to provide easy liquidity, preservation of capital and moderate income. These schemes invest exclusively in safer short-term instruments such as treasury bills, certificates of deposit, commercial paper and inter-bank call money, government securities, etc. Returns on these schemes fluctuate much less compared to other funds. These funds are appropriate for corporate and individual investors as a means to park their surplus funds for short periods.  Gilt Fund:- These funds invest exclusively in government securities. Government securities have no default risk. NAVs of these schemes also fluctuate due to change in interest rates and other economic factors as is the case with income or debt oriented schemes.  Index Funds :- Index Funds replicate the portfolio of a particular index such as the BSE Sensitive index, S&P NSE 50 index (Nifty), etc These schemes invest in the securities in the same weightage comprising of an index. NAVs of such schemes would rise or fall in14 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com accordance with the rise or fall in the index, though not exactly by the same percentage due to some factors known as "tracking error" in technical terms. Necessary disclosures in this regard are made in the offer document of the mutual fund scheme.3. Sector specific funds/schemes:- These are the funds/schemes which invest in the securities of only those sectors or industries as specified in the offer documents. e.g. Pharmaceuticals, Software, Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG), Petroleum stocks, etc. The returns in these funds are dependent on the performance of the respective sectors/industries. While these funds may give higher returns, they are more risky compared to diversified funds. Investors need to keep a watch on the performance of those sectors/industries and must exit at an appropriate time. They may also seek advice of an expert.4. Tax Saving Schemes:- These schemes offer tax rebates to the investors under specific provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 as the Government offers tax incentives for investment in specified avenues. e.g. Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS). Pension schemes launched by the mutual funds also offer tax benefits. These schemes are growth oriented and invest pre-dominantly in equities. Their growth opportunities and risks associated are like any equity-oriented scheme.5. Fund of Funds (FoF) scheme:- A scheme that invests primarily in other schemes of the same mutual fund or other mutual funds is known as a FoF scheme. An FoF scheme enables the investors to achieve greater diversification through one scheme. It spreads risks across a greater universe.6. Load or no-load Fund:- A Load Fund is one that charges a percentage of NAV for entry or exit. That is, each time one buys or sells units in the fund, a charge will be payable. This charge is used by the mutual fund for marketing and distribution expenses. Suppose the NAV per unit is Rs.10. If the entry as well as exit load charged is 1%, then the investors who buy would be required to pay Rs.10.10 and those who offer their units for repurchase to the mutual fund will get only Rs.9.90 per unit. The investors should take the loads into consideration while making investment as these affect their yields/returns. However, the investors should also consider the performance track record and service standards of the mutual fund which are more important. Efficient funds may give higher returns in spite of loads. A no-load fund is one that does not charge for entry or exit. It means the investors can enter the fund/scheme at NAV and no additional charges are payable on purchase or sale of units.15 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comADVANTAGES OF MUTUAL FUND S. Advantage Particulars No.16 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com Portfolio Mutual Funds invest in a well-diversified portfolio of securities which enables 1. Diversifica investor to hold a diversified investment portfolio (whether the amount of tion investment is big or small). Profession Fund manager undergoes through various research works and has better al 2. investment management skills which ensure higher returns to the investor than Manageme what he can manage on his own. nt Investors acquire a diversified portfolio of securities even with a small 3. Less Risk investment in a Mutual Fund. The risk in a diversified portfolio is lesser than investing in merely 2 or 3 securities. Low Due to the economies of scale (benefits of larger volumes), mutual funds pay 4. Transactio lesser transaction costs. These benefits are passed on to the investors. n Costs An investor may not be able to sell some of the shares held by him very easily 5. Liquidity and quickly, whereas units of a mutual fund are far more liquid. Mutual funds provide investors with various schemes with different investment Choice of objectives. Investors have the option of investing in a scheme having a 6. Schemes correlation between its investment objectives and their own financial goals. These schemes further have different plans/options Funds provide investors with updated information pertaining to the markets and Transpare 7. the schemes. All material facts are disclosed to investors as required by the ncy regulator. Investors also benefit from the convenience and flexibility offered by Mutual Funds. Investors can switch their holdings from a debt scheme to an equity 8. Flexibility scheme and vice-versa. Option of systematic (at regular intervals) investment and withdrawal is also offered to the investors in most open-end schemes. Mutual Fund industry is part of a well-regulated investment environment where 9. Safety the interests of the investors are protected by the regulator. All funds are registered with SEBI and complete transparency is forced.Disadvantage of Investing Through Mutual Funds S. Disadvanta Particulars No. ge17 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com Costs Control Not Investor has to pay investment management fees and fund distribution costs in the 1. as a percentage of the value of his investments (as long as he holds the Hands of units), irrespective of the performance of the fund. an Investor The portfolio of securities in which a fund invests is a decision taken by the No fund manager. Investors have no right to interfere in the decision making 2. Customize process of a fund manager, which some investors find as a constraint in d Portfolios achieving their financial objectives. Difficulty in Many investors find it difficult to select one option from the plethora of funds/ Selecting a schemes/plans available. For this, they may have to take advice from 3. Suitable financial planners in order to invest in the right fund to achieve their Fund objectives. Scheme Mutual Fund Investment Strategies18 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comSystematic Investment Plan (SIPs):These are best suited for young people who have started their careers and need to build their wealth. SIPs entailan investor to invest a fixed sum of money at regular intervals in mutual fund scheme the investor has chosen.For instance an investor opting for SIP in xyz mutual fund scheme will need to invest a certain sum of moneyevery month / quarter /half year in the scheme.Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWPs): These plans are best suited for people nearing retirement. In these plans an investor invests in a mutual fundscheme and is allowed to withdraw a fixed sum of money at regular intervals to take care of expenses.Systematic Transfer Plan (STPs) : They allow the investors to transfer on a periodic basis a specified amount from one scheme to another withinthe same fund family meaning two schemes belonging to the same mutual fund. A transfer will be treated asredemption of units from the scheme from which the transfer is made .Such redemption or investment will beat the applicable NAV. This service allows the investor to manage his investment actively to achieve hisobjectives. Many funds do not even charge even any transaction feed for this service an added advantage forthe active investor. Performance Evaluation19 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comPARAMETERS OF MUTUAL FUND EVALUATION:  Risk  Returns  Liquidity  Expense Ratio  Composition of PortfolioRisks Associated With Mutual FundsInvesting in mutual funds as with any security, does not come without risk. One of the most basic economicprinciples is that risk and reward are directly correlated. In other words, the greater the potential risk, thegreater the potential return. The types of risk commonly associated with mutual funds are:Market Risk:Market risk relate to the market value of a security in the future. Market prices fluctuate and are susceptible toeconomic and financial trends, supply and demand, and many other factors that cannot be precisely predictedor controlled.Political Risk:Changes in the tax laws, trade regulations, administered prices etc. is some of the many political factors thatcreate market risk. Although collectively, as citizens, we have indirect control through the power of our vote,individually as investors, we have virtually no control.Inflation Risk: Inflation or purchasing power risk, relates to the uncertainty of the future purchasing power of the investedrupees. The risk is the increase in cost of the goods and services, as measured by the Consumer Price Index.Interest Rate Risk:Interest Rate risk relates to the future changes in interest rates. For instance, if an investor invests in a long termdebt mutual fund scheme and interest rate increase, the NAV of the scheme will fall because the scheme will beend up holding debt offering lowest interest rates.Business Risk:20 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comBusiness Risk is the uncertainty concerning the future existence, stability and profitability of the issuer of thesecurity. Business Risk is inherent in all business ventures. The future financial stability of a company can not bepredicted or guaranteed, nor can the price of its securities. Adverse changes in business circumstances willreduce the market price of the company’s equity resulting in proportionate fall in the NAV of mutual fundscheme, which has invested in the equity of such a company.Economic Risk : Economic Risk involves uncertainty in the economy, which, in turn can have an adverse effect on acompany’s business. For instance, if monsoons fall in a year, equity stocks of agriculture bases companies willfall and NAVs of mutual funds, which have invested in such stocks, will fall proportionately.There are 3 different methods with the help of which we can measure the risk.Measurement of risk I. Beta Coefficient Measure Of Risk :21 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comBeta relates a fund’s return with a market index. It basically measures the sensitivity of funds return to changesin market index.If Beta = 1Fund moves with the market i.e. Passive fundIf Beta < 1Fund is less volatile than the market i. e Defensive FundIf Beta > 1Funds will give higher returns when market rises & higher losses when market falls i.e. Aggressive Fund II. Ex –Marks or R-squared Measure Of Risk :Ex –Marks represents co relation with markets. Higher the Ex-marks lower the risk of the fund because a fundwith higher Ex-marks is better diversified than a fund with lower Ex-marks. III. Standard Deviation Measure Of Risk : It is a statistical concept, which measures volatility. It measures the fluctuations of fund’s returns around amean level. Basically it gives you an idea of how volatile your earnings are. It is broader concept than BETA. Italso helps in measuring total risk and not just the market risk of the portfolio.How to Calculate the Value of a Mutual Fund:The investors’ funds are deployed in a portfolio of securities by the fund manager. The value of theseinvestments keeps changing as the market price of the securities change. Since investors are free to enter andexit the fund at any time, it is essential that the market value of their investments is used to determine the priceat which such entry and exit will take place. The net assets represent the market value of assets, which belongto the investors, on a given date.Net Asset Value or NAV of a mutual fund is the value of one unit of investment in the fund, in net asset terms.NAV = Net Assets of the scheme / Number of Units OutstandingWhere Net Assets are calculated as:-(Market value of investments + current assets and other assets + Accrued income – current liabilities and otherliabilities – less accrued expenses) / No. of Units Outstanding as at the NAV dateNAV of all schemes must be calculated and published at least weekly for closed-end schemes and daily for open-end schemes. The major factors affecting the NAV of a fund are:22 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com  Sale and purchase of securities  Sale and repurchase of units  Valuation of assets  Accrual of income and expensesSEBI requires that the fund must ensure that repurchase price is not lower than 93% of NAV (95% in the case ofa closed-fund). On the other side, a fund may sell new units at a price that is different from the NAV, but thesale price cannot be higher than 107 % of NAV. Also the difference between the repurchase price and the saleprice of the unit is not permitted to exceed 7% of the sale price.Measuring Mutual Fund Performance:We can measure mutual fund’s performance by different method: • Absolute Return Method:Percentage change in NAV is an absolute measure of return, which finds the NAV appreciation between twopoints of time, as a percentage.e .g: If NAV of one fund changes from Rs.20 to Rs.22 in 12 months thenAbsolute return = (22 – 20)/20 X 100 =10% • Simple Annual Return Method :Converting a return value for a period other than one year, into a value for one year, is called as annualisation.In order to annualize a rate, we find out what the return would be for a year, if the return behaved for a year, inthe same manner it did, for any other fractional period.E .g: If NAV of one fund changes from Rs.20 to Rs.22 in 6 months thenAnnual Return = (22 – 20) /20 X 12/6 X 100 = 20% • Total Return Method:The total return method takes into account the dividends distributed by the mutual fund, and adds it to the NAVappreciation, to arrive at returns.Total Return =(Dividend distributed + Change in NAV)/ NAV at the start X 100e .g: If NAV of one fund changes from Rs.20 to Rs.22 in 6 months if in between dividend of Rs. 4 has beendistributed thenTotal Return = {4 + (22 – 20)}/20 X 100 = 30% • Total Return when dividend is reinvested:23 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comThis method is also called the return on investment (ROI) method. In this method, the dividends are reinvestedinto the scheme as soon as they are received at the then prevailing NAV (ex-dividend NAV).= ((Value of holdings at the end of the period/ value of the holdings at the beginning) – 1)*100E.g. An investor buys 100 units of a fund at Rs. 10.5 on January 1, 2007. On June 30, 2007 he receives dividendsat the rate of 10%. The ex-dividend NAV was Rs. 10.25. On December 31, 2007, the fund’s NAV was Rs. 12.25. Value of holdings at the beginning period= 10.5*100= 1050 Number of units re-invested = 100/10.25 = 9.756 End period value of investment = 109.756*12.25 = 1344.51 Rs. Return on Investment = ((1344.51/1050)-1)*100 = 28.05% • Compounded Average Annual Return Method:This method is basically used for calculating the return for more than 1 year. In this method return is calculatedwith the following formula: A = P X (1 + R / 100) NWhere P = Principal invested A = maturity value N = period of investment in years R = Annualized compounded interest rate in %R = {(Nth root of A / P) – 1} X 100E. g: If amount invested is Rs. 100 & in the end we get return of Rs. 200 & period of investment is 10 years thenannualized compounded return is 200 = 100 (1 + R / 100) 10Rate = 7.2 %RETURNS:24 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comReturns have to be studied along with the risk. A fund could have earned higher return than the benchmark. Butsuch higher return may be accompanied by high risk. Therefore, we have to compare funds with thebenchmarks, on a risk adjusted basis. William Sharpe created a metric for fund performance, which enables theranking of funds on a risk adjusted basis.Sharpe Ratio = Risk Premium Funds Standard DeviationTreynor Ratio = Risk Premium Funds BetaRisk Premium = Difference between the Fund’s Average return and Risk free return on government security ortreasury bill over a given period .LIQUIDITY:Most of the funds being sold today are open-ended. That is, investors can sell their existing units, or buy newunits, at any point of time, at prices that are related to the NAV of the fund on the date of the transaction. Sinceinvestors continuously enter and exit funds, funds are actually able to provide liquidity to investors, even if theunderlying markets, in which the portfolio is invested, may not have the liquidity that the investor seeks.EXPENSE RATIO:Expense ratio is defined as the ratio of total expenses of the fund to the average net assets of the fund. Expenseratio can actually understate the total expenses, because brokerage paid on transactions of a fund are notincluded in the expenses. According to the current SEBI norms, brokerage commissions are capitalized andincluded in the cost of the transactions. Expense ratio = Total Expenses Average Net AssetsCOMPOSITION OF THE PORTFOLIO:Credit quality of the portfolio is measured by looking at the credit ratings of the investments in the portfolio.Mutual Fund fact sheets show the composition of the portfolio and the investments in various asset classes overtime.Portfolio turnover rate is the ratio of lesser of asset purchased or sold by funds in the market to the net assets ofthe fund.If Portfolio ratio is 100% means portfolio has been changed fully. When Portfolio ratio is high means expenseratio is high. Portfolio Ratio = Total Sales & Purchase Net Assets of fundIn order to meaningfully compare funds some level of similarity in the following factors has to be ensured:25 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com  Size of the funds  Investment objective  Risk profile  Portfolio composition  Expense ratiosFund evaluation against benchmark:Funds can be evaluated against some performance indicators which are known as benchmarks.There are 3 types of benchmarks:  Relative to market as whole  Relative to other comparable financial products  Relative to other mutual funds  Relative to market as whole:There are different ways to measure the performance of fund w.r.t market asEquity Funds• Index Fund – An Index fund invests in the stock comprising of the index in the same ratio. This is a passive management style.For example,Market Index Fund - BSE SensexNifty Index Fund - NIFTYThe difference between the return of this fund and its index benchmark can be explained by “TRACKINGERROR”. • Active Equity Funds:The fund manager actively manages this fund. To evaluate performance in such case we have to select anappropriate benchmark.Large diversified equity fund - BSE 100Sector fund - Sectoral Indices • Debt Funds:Debt fund can also be judged against a debt market index e.g. I-BEX26 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com  Relative to other comparable financial products:Schemes Return Convenienceafety S Volatility LiquidityEquity High Low High High ModerateFI Bonds Moderate High Moderate Moderate HighCorporate Moderate Moderate Moderate LowDebentures LowCompany Fixed Moderate Low Low LowDeposits ModerateBank Deposits Low High Low High HighPPF Moderate High Low Moderate HighLife Insurance Low High Low Low ModerateGold Moderate High Moderate Moderate LowReal Estate High Moderate High Low LowMutual Funds High High Moderate High High27 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com Schemes Investment Objective Risk Investment Horizon Tolerance Equity Term Capital Appreciation High Long FI Bonds Income Low Medium to Long term Corporate Debentures Income High Moderate Medium to Long term Company Fixed Income Moderate Low Medium Deposits Bank Deposits Income Generally Flexible all terms PPF Income Low Long Life Insurance Risk Cover Low Long Gold Inflation Hedge Low Long Real Estate Inflation Hedge Low LongTAX TREATMENT FOR THE INVESTORS (UNITHOLDERS):-28 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comTax benefits of investing in the Mutual FundAs per the taxation laws in force as at the date of the Offer Document, some broad income tax implicationsof investing in the units of the Scheme are stated below. The information so stated is based on the MutualFunds understanding of the tax laws in force as of the date of the Offer Document, which have beenconfirmed by its auditors. The information stated below is only for the purposes of providing generalinformation to the investors and is neither designed nor intended tobe a substitute for professional taxadvice. As the tax consequences are specific to each investor and in view of the changing tax laws, eachinvestor is advised to consult his or her or its own tax consultant with respect to the specific taximplications arising out of his or her or its participation in the Scheme.Implications of the Income-tax Act, 1961 as amended by the Finance Act, 2006To the Unit holders(a.) Tax on IncomeIn accordance with the provisions of section 10(35)(a) of the Act, income received by all categories of unitholders in respect of units of the Fund will be exempt from income-tax in their hands.Exemption from income tax under section 10(35) of the Act would, however, not apply to any incomearising from the transfer of these units.(b.) Tax on capital gains:As per the provisions of section 2(42A) of the Act, a unit of a Mutual Fund, held by the investor as a capitalasset, is considered to be a short-term capital asset, if it is held for 12 months or less from the date of itsacquisition by the unit holder. Accordingly, if the unit is held for a period of more than 12 months, it istreated as a long-term capital asset.Computation of capital gain Capital gains on transfer of units will be computed after taking intoaccount the cost of their acquisition. While calculating long-term capital gains, such cost will be indexed byusing the cost inflation index notified by the Government of India. Individuals and HUFs, are granted a deduction from total income, undersection 80C of the Act upto Rs. 100,000, in respect of specified investments made during the year (pleasealso refer paragraph d).Long-term capital gains As per Section 10(38) of the Act, long-term capital gains arising from thesale of unit of an equity oriented fund entered into in a recognized stock exchange or sale of such unit of anequity oriented fund to the mutual fund would be exempt from income-tax, provided such transaction ofsale is chargeable to securities transaction tax.29 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com Pursuant to an amendment made in the Finance Act, 2006, effective 1April 2006, companies would be required to include such long term capital gains in computing the bookprofits and minimum alternated tax liability under section 115JB of the Act.Short -term capital gains As per Section 111A of the Act, short-term capital gains from the sale ofunit of an equity oriented fund entered into in a recognized stock exchange or sale of such unit of an equityoriented fund to the mutual fund would be taxed at 10 per cent, provided such transaction of sale ischargeable to securities transaction tax.The said tax rate would be increased by a surcharge of:- 10 per cent in case of non-corporate Unit holders, where the total income exceeds Rs.1,000,000,- 10 per cent in case of resident corporate Unit holders, and- 2.5 per cent in case of non-resident corporate unit holders irrespective of the amount of taxable income. Further, an additional surcharge of 2 per cent by way of education cess wouldbe charged on amount of tax inclusive of surcharge. In case of resident individual, if the income from short term capital gains isless than the maximum amount not chargeable to tax, then there will be no tax payable. Further, in case of individuals/ HUFs, being residents, where the total income excluding short-term capitalgains is below the maximum amount not chargeable to tax1, then the difference between the currentmaximum amount not chargeable to tax and total income excluding short-term capital gains, shall beadjusted from short-term capital gains. Therefore only the balance short term capital gains will be liable toincome tax at the rate of 10 percent plus surcharge, if applicable and education cess.Non-residents In case of non-resident unit holder who is a resident of a country with whichIndia has signed a Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (which is in force) income tax is payable at therates provided in the Act, as discussed above, or the rates provided in the such agreement, if any,whichever is more beneficial to such non-resident unit holder.Investment by Minors Where sale / repurchase is made during the minority of the child, tax will belevied on either of the parents, whose income is greater, where the said income is not covered by theexception in the proviso to section 64(1A) of the Act. When the child attains majority, such tax liability willbe on the child.Losses arising from sale of units - As per the provisions of section 94(7) of the Act, loss arising on transfer of units, which are acquired within a period of three months prior to the record date (date fixed by the Fund for30 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com the purposes of entitlement of the unit holder to receive the income from units) and sold within a period of nine months after the record date, shall not be allowed to the extent of income distributed by the Fund in respect of such units. - As per the provisions of section 94(8) of the Act, where any units ("original units") are acquired within a period of three months prior to the record date (date fixed by the Fund for the purposes of entitlement of the unit holder to receive bonus units) and any bonus units are allotted (free of cost) based on the holding of the original units, the loss, if any, on sale of the original units within a period of nine months after the record date, shall be ignored in the computation of the unit holders taxable income. Such loss will however, be deemed to be the cost of acquisition of the bonus units. --Each Unit holder is advised to consult his / her or its own professional tax advisor before claiming set off of long-term capital loss arising on sale / repurchase of units of an equity oriented fund referred to above, against long-term capital gains arising on sale of other assets. - Short-term capital loss suffered on sale / repurchase of units shall be available for set off against both long-term and short-term capital gains arising on sale of other assets and balance short-term capital loss shall be carried forward for set off against capital gains in subsequent years. - Carry forward of losses is admissible maximum upto eight assessment years.(c.) Tax withholding on capital gains Capital gains arising to a unit holder on repurchase of units by the Fund should attract taxwithholding as under: - No tax needs to be withheld from capital gains arising to a FII on the basis of the provisions of section 196D of the Act. - In case of non-resident unit holder who is a resident of a country with which India has signed a double taxation avoidance agreement (which is in force) the tax should be deducted at source under section 195 of the Act at the rate provided in the Finance Act of the relevant year or the rate provided in the said agreement, whichever is beneficial to such non-resident unit holder. However, such a nonresident unit holder will be required to provide appropriate documents to the Fund, to be entitled to the beneficial rate provided under such agreement. - No tax needs to be withheld from capital gains arising to a resident unit holder on the basis of the Circular no. 715 dated 8 August 1995 issued by the CBDT.Subject to the above, the provisions relating to tax withholding in respect of gains arising from the sale ofunits of the various schemes of the fund are as under:31 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com - No tax is required is to be withheld from long term capital gains arising from sale of units in equity oriented fund schemes, that are subject to securities transaction tax. - In respect of short-term capital gains arising to foreign companies (including Overseas Corporate Bodies), the Fund is required to deduct tax at source at the rate of 10.46 per cent (10 per cent tax plus 2.5 per cent surcharge thereon plus additional surcharge of 2 per cent by way of education cess on the tax plus surcharge). In respect of short-term capital gains arising to non-resident individual unit holders, the Fund is required to deduct tax at source at the rate of 11.22 per cent (10 per cent tax plus 10 per cent surcharge thereon2 plus additional surcharge of 2 per cent by way of education cess on the tax plus surcharge).(d.) Wealth Tax Units held under the Schemes of the Fund are not treated as assets within the meaning ofsection 2(ea) of the Wealth Tax Act, 1957 and therefore, not liable to wealth-tax.(e.) Securities Transaction Tax Nature of Transaction Current tax rate Tax rate effective (%) 1 June 2006 (%) Delivery basedpurchase transaction in equity shares or units of equity oriented fund entered in a recognized stockexchange 0.1 0.125 Delivery based sale transaction in equity shares or units of equity oriented fund enteredin a recognized stock exchange 0.1 0.125 Non-delivery based sale transaction in equity shares or units ofequity oriented fund entered in a recognized stock exchange. 0.02 0.025 Sale of units of an equity orientedfund to the mutual fund 0.2 0.25 Value of taxable securities transaction in case of units shall be the price atwhich such units are purchased or sold. A deduction in respect of securities transaction tax paid is not permitted forthe purpose of computation of business income or capital gains. However, if the total income of an assessee includes any business incomearising from taxable securities transactions, he shall be entitled to a rebate3 from income-tax of an amountequal to the securities transaction tax paid by him in respect of the taxable securities transactions enteredduring the course of his business.The maximum amounts of total income, not chargeable to tax are as under:Type of person Maximum amount of income not chargeable to taxWomen Rs. 135,000Senior citizens Rs. 185,000Other individuals and HUFs Rs. 100,00032 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comHow is a mutual fund set up?A mutual fund is set up in the form of a trust, which has sponsor, trustees, asset management company(AMC) and custodian. The trust is established by a sponsor or more than one sponsor who is like promoterof a company. The trustees of the mutual fund hold its property for the benefit of the unit holders. AssetManagement Company (AMC) approved by SEBI manages the funds by making investments in various typesof securities. Custodian, who is registered with SEBI, holds the securities of various schemes of the fund inits custody. The trustees are vested with the general power of superintendence and direction over AMC.They monitor the performance and compliance of SEBI Regulations by the mutual fund.SEBI Regulations require that at least two thirds of the directors of trustee company or board of trusteesmust be independent i.e. they should not be associated with the sponsors. Also, 50% of the directors ofAMC must be independent. All mutual funds are required to be registered with SEBI before they launch anyscheme.Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI)With the increase in mutual fund players in India, a need for mutual fund association in India was generatedto function as a non-profit organization. Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI) was incorporated on22nd August, 1995.AMFI is an apex body of all Asset Management Companies (AMC) which has beenregistered with SEBI. Till date all the AMCs are that have launched mutual fund schemes are its members. Itfunctions under the supervision and guidelines of its Board of Directors.Association of Mutual Funds India has brought down the Indian Mutual Fund Industry to a professional andhealthy market with ethical lines enhancing and maintaining standards. It follows the principle of bothprotecting and promoting the interests of mutual funds as well as their unit holders.The objectives of Association of Mutual Funds in India:---The Association of Mutual Funds of India works with 30 registered AMCs of the country. It has certaindefined objectives which juxtaposes the guidelines of its Board of Directors. The objectives are as follows:-  This mutual fund association of India maintains a high professional and ethical standards in all areas of operation of the industry.  It also recommends and promotes the top class business practices and code of conduct which is followed by members and related people engaged in the activities of mutual fund and asset management. The agencies who are by any means connected or involved in the field of capital markets and financial services also involved in this code of conduct of the association.  AMFI interacts with SEBI and works according to SEBIs guidelines in the mutual fund industry.33 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com  Association of Mutual Fund of India do represent the Government of India, the Reserve Bank of India and other related bodies on matters relating to the Mutual Fund Industry.  It develops a team of well qualified and trained Agent distributors. It implements a programme of training and certification for all intermediaries and other engaged in the mutual fund industry.  AMFI undertakes all India awareness programme for investors in order to promote proper understanding of the concept and working of mutual funds.At last but not the least association of mutual fund of India also disseminate information on Mutual FundIndustry and undertakes studies and research either directly or in association with other bodies.The sponsorers of Association of Mutual Funds in India:--- - Bank Sponsored - SBI Fund Management Ltd. - BOB Asset Management Co. Ltd. - Canbank Investment Management Services Ltd. - UTI Asset Management Company Pvt. Ltd.Institutions - - GIC Asset Management Co. Ltd. - Jeevan Bima Sahayog Asset Management Co. Ltd.Private Sector: -Indian - - BenchMark Asset Management Co. Pvt. Ltd. - Cholamandalam Asset Management Co. Ltd. - Credit Capital Asset Management Co. Ltd.34 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com - Escorts Asset Management Ltd. - JM Financial Mutual Fund - Kotak Mahindra Asset Management Co. Ltd. - Reliance Capital Asset Management Ltd. - Sahara Asset Management Co. Pvt. Ltd - Sundaram Asset Management Company Ltd. - Tata Asset Management Private Ltd. - Predominantly India Joint Ventures:- - Birla Sun Life Asset Management Co. Ltd. - DSP Merrill Lynch Fund Managers Limited - HDFC Asset Management Company Ltd.Predominantly Foreign Joint Ventures:- - ABN AMRO Asset Management (I) Ltd. - Alliance Capital Asset Management (India) Pvt. Ltd. - Deutsche Asset Management (India) Pvt. Ltd. - Fidelity Fund Management Private Limited - Franklin Templeton Asset Mgmt. (India) Pvt. Ltd. - HSBC Asset Management (India) Private Ltd. - ING Investment Management (India) Pvt. Ltd. - Morgan Stanley Investment Management Pvt. Ltd. - Principal Asset Management Co. Pvt. Ltd. - Prudential ICICI Asset Management Co. Ltd.35 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com - Standard Chartered Asset Mgmt Co. Pvt. Ltd.Tips on buying mutual funds:-1. Determine your financial objectives and how much money you have to invest. Make sure the fund’sobjectives coincide with your own. Don’t change your objectives or exceed the amount set aside forinvestment unless you have good reason.2. Always obtain all available information before you invest. Request the prospectus, the Statement ofAdditional Information and the latest shareholder report from each fund you are considering.3. Never invest in periodic payment plans unless you are virtually certain that you will not have to redeemearly. If you redeem early or do not complete the plan, you may have to pay sales charges of up to 51% ofyour investment.4. Be on the alert for incorporation by reference. You will have "no excuse" for not knowing thisinformation, if a problem arises. You may be legally presumed to know materials incorporated by referencein a prospectus or other documents.5. Always determine all sales charges, fees and expenses before you invest. Fees such as 12b-1 fees can costyou dearly and charges for reinvestment of dividends and capital gains distributions can substantially add toyour costs. Shop around among the many funds offered and compare the various fees and costs connectedwith funds that appeal to you.36 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com6. Learn the costs of redemption. Sometimes investors are surprised to learn that they have to pay to getout of funds through back-end loads or redemption fees. Find out the redemption costs before you investso you won’t be unpleasantly surprised when you redeem your shares.7. Never treat the risks of investment in a fund lightly. Weigh the risks of the funds you want to buy againstyour ability to tolerate the ups and downs of the market and your investment goals. Be extra cautious whenconsidering investing in funds with high yield/high risk portfolios. Junk bond problems, for example,invariably affect the fund’s performance.8. Don’t be misled by the name of a fund. Some funds have been given names denoting safety, stability andlow risk, despite the fact that the underlying investments in the portfolio are volatile and highly risky.AUMAssets Under Management (AUM) as at the end of May-2008 (Rs in Lakhs) Average AUM For The Month Excluding Fund of Funds - Mutual Fund Name Domestic but Fund Of Funds - including Fund Domestic of Funds - Overseas1. ABN AMRO Mutual Fund 592459.08 20979.022. AIG Global Investment Group Mutual 456809.8 0Fund3. Benchmark Mutual Fund 280241.84 04. Bharti AXA Mutual Fund N/A N/A5. Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund 4142342.8 1854.086. BOB Mutual Fund 6776.69 07. Canara Robeco Mutual Fund 420417.41 08. DBS Chola Mutual Fund 185289.01 09. Deutsche Mutual Fund 1240531.71 010. DSP Merrill Lynch Mutual Fund 2155962.79 011. Edelweiss Mutual Fund N/A N/A12. Escorts Mutual Fund 17065.31 037 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com13. Fidelity Mutual Fund 887973.14 2763.4114. Franklin Templeton Mutual Fund 2799087.37 23660.7115. HDFC Mutual Fund 5610729.27 016. HSBC Mutual Fund 1847223.18 017. ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund 5906002.34 3359.4118. IDFC Mutual Fund 1427291.26 3776.6619. ING Mutual Fund 916079.34 47916.6220. JM Financial Mutual Fund 1296780.93 021. JPMorgan Mutual Fund 273018.18 022. Kotak Mahindra Mutual Fund 2217001.56 30651.8223. LIC Mutual Fund 1864914.45 024. Lotus India Mutual Fund 788330.4 025. Mirae Asset Mutual Fund 216037.01 026. Morgan Stanley Mutual Fund 350997.47 027. PRINCIPAL Mutual Fund 1670542.76 028. Quantum Mutual Fund 6632.78 029. Reliance Mutual Fund 9843093.38 030. Sahara Mutual Fund 19814.33 031. SBI Mutual Fund 3179496.78 032. Sundaram BNP Paribas Mutual Fund 1459384.72 033. Tata Mutual Fund 2449586.66 034. Taurus Mutual Fund 33550.65 035. UTI Mutual Fund 5465168.28 0 Grand Total 60026632.68 134961.7338 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comCompany profile:39 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comAbout Standard Chartered Mutual FundStandard Chartered Mutual Fund is well-established fund house and is sponsored by the StandardChartered Group. At Standard Chartered Mutual Fund we strive to launch not just innovative products, butproducts that truly add value to our investors. We were among the first to launch an active managementdebt fund-the Dynamic Bond Fund - that had the capability to mimic a cash fund or an income funddepending on market situations. The Short term and Medium term funds that were uniquely positioned atvarious points along the interest rate curve with the sole objective of maximizing value to investors withdifferent investment time horizons.Lately this innovation was again brought to the fore with the launch of the Standard Chartered EnterpriseEquity Fund , a close-ended fund that sought to invest a portion in Equity IPOs. The fund also launched theStandard Chartered Premier Equity fund an equity fund that seeks to generate wealth by investing inrelatively smaller companies. We manage our schemes through well-researched and thoroughly testedprocesses like the 3 D Factor (For debt funds and helps us in predicting interest rate movements) and theEquity Circle process. SCMF also pioneered several service initiatives that helped increase transactionalease. It was the first mutual fund to initiate  Across the counter redemptions for all classes of investors in liquid funds,  Toll Free No accessible in 976 cities  Phone transact service wherein investors can redeem without having any Personal Identification NumberStandard Chartered Mutual Fund currently manages assets in excess of Rs 15801.53Cr as on 5th February2008 and has touched the lives of more than lakhs of investors residing in more than 1000 Indian towns.Schemes ManagedScheme Name40 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comGrindlays Cash Fund (G)Grindlays CF - Inst Plan (G)Grindlays Dynamic Bond (G)Grindlays FRF - LTP Inst (G)Grindlays Floating Rate (G)Grindlays FRF- Inst Plan (G)Grindlays FRF - LTP (RP) (G)Grindlays GSec - Inv Plan (G)Grindlays GSec Fund - PF (G)Grindlays GSec - STP (G)Grindlays SSIF - MTP A (G)Grindlays SSIF STP - Inst (G)GSSIF STP - MF Plan C (G)GSSIF STP - Super Inst C (G)Grindlays SSIF (G)Grindlays SSIF - STP (G)SC All Seasons Bond - RP (G)StanChart Arbitrage - Inst (G)StanChart Arbitrage Fund (G)StanChart Classic Equity (G)StanChart Enterprise Equity(G)StanChart Imperial Equity (G)StanChart Imperial Equity (G)StanChart Liquidity Manager –GStanChart Liq. Manager Plus-GStanChart Premier Equity (G)StanChart Small&Midcap Eqty –GStanChart Tax Saver Fund (G)IDFC Asset Management Company Private Ltd41 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comThe fund was established on March 13, 2000. Now the management of the fund has been taken over byStandard Chartered Bank, the UK based banking conglomerate. The name of the AMC too has beenchanged from ANZ AMC. Previously sponsored by ANZ Banking Group, Australia, this fund has just set up itsoperations in the year 2000. Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited, the previous sponsor of thefund, is a leading international bank and is also one of the "Big Four" Australian commercial banks providinga full range of banking and financial services with total assets of US $ 97.35 billion as on 30th Sept, 1999.ANZ Funds Management is a core business unit of the group and is one of Australia s large fund managers.It has a full range of investment products and services managing more than AUD $ 13267.7 million incustomer funds on 30th Sept., 1999. ANZ Banking Group has significant presence in 35 nations from theMiddle East tohrough South Asia and East Asia to the Pacific. No. of schemes 84 No. of schemes including options 269 Equity Schemes 24 Debt Schemes 209 Short term debt Schemes 19 Equity & Debt 0 Money Market 0 Gilt Fund 1342 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comOpen Ended Schemes43 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com 4.4279 NA 261.54 May 30, 2008 IDFC SSIF - Short Term - Plan D - MF Plan - Growth Jun 24, 2008 -0.2612 1.1675 NA NA 261.54 May 30, 2008 IDFC SSIF - Short Term - Plan D - MF Plan - Monthly Div Jun 24, 2008 -0.3107 0.925 NA NA 261.54 May 30, 200844 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comIDFC acquires Stan Charts mutual fundInfrastructure Finance Development Company Ltd today acquired mutual fund business of StandardChartered Bank. The company has received all necessary approvals from the concerned regulatoryauthority, IDFC informed the Bombay Stock Exchange in a communiqué here. The company had earliersigned an agreement with Standard Chartered Bank in March for a consideration of Rs 820 crore.Standard Chartered MF has around Rs 14,000 crore in assets of which Rs 4,000 crore is in equity while restis in debt. With this IDFC acquires Standard Chartered Trustee Company and Standard Chartered AssetManagement Company, both of which represent Standard Chartereds mutual fund business in India.IDFC is one of the leading infrastructure finance institutions, and the acquisition would give it a foothold inthe retail sector and improve its high margin fee based income.45 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comStudy and Survey:Objective This study is conducted in order to find out:- - Current trends of mutual funds in the Indian market. - Investor’s perception towards mutual funds investment option. - Different views of professional advisors.RATIONALE OF STUDYThe study of this nature is being conducted on the behalf of IDFC AMC (Standard charted) for prediction offuture of mutual funds in Indian emerging market. A high level of competition entering the mutual fundssector, companies need to catch up with the ever changing demands of the industry. The study is beingconducted to get an edge over other MFs houses in the mutual fund industry. It is also done in order toknow as to how much knowledge and money the consumers contribute in the MFs schemes.Survey MethodologySurvey comprises collecting, organizing, and evaluating data, reaching at a specific conclusion and at thesame time careful evaluation of the conclusion. Collection of data has been done by two ways (1) primarydata collection; and (2) secondary data collection, through questionnaires and websites, magazines,newspapers, documents, etc. Area of data collection was HDFC Bank branches at Chandnichowk, Ashokvihar (Delhi). Analysis of data has been done with the help of spss software. Articles are attached fromvarious magazines. Conclusion is drown from result of different data processing and articles analyzation.46 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comLIMITATIONS OF THE STUDYThe survey was conducted in chandnichowk and ashok vihar. The standard of living, per capita income ofpeople, earning style, etc. of this region is different from other areas. Therefore, the inferences drawn fromthe survey can’t be generalized. Another major limitation was unwillingness of respondents to revealinformation. Due to lack of sufficient time and hesitation to reveal information regarding their investments,it was a difficult task to extract information from them.Sample size was also small i.e. 100. Therefore, it is very difficult to infer correct conclusions from smallsample. Findings1. This graph clearly shows that young people are more likely to visit bank branches. Thusmore chances of getting long term, more risk taker and aggressive investors.Figure 147 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com Age group 2. Here data shows that people are willing to earn more return than that of they earnin traditional ways of investment. Expected returnsFigure 248 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com3. This graph predicts that generally consumers keep a smaller part of their disposableincome aside for different investment options. % of disposable incomeFigure 349 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com4. This graphical representation clearly shows that investors give smaller part of theirinvestment pool to mutual funds investment. % of total investmentFigure 450 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com 5. These pillars provide a clear thought to our mind that in India professional advisorsare more reliable source to get mutual funds related information. No. of persons Figure 551 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com6. This chart is showing that Indian investors are willing to stay invested for a time durationof more than 12 months. They have patience, they want to earn more money on theirinvestment, and this is a bright sign for mutual funds industry. Figure 652 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comKey findings:-# Study found that more young people are likely to involved in financial activities. They more frequentlyvisit banks and meet financial advisors. This is an opportunity for mutual funds houses to attract thesepeople.# More than 50% of surveyed persons willing to take high risk for high rate of return. This indicates thatriskier investment options can also attract big pool of money if investors are properly convinced.# Study shows professional advisors are considered to be more reliable source of mutual funds information,not because they provide human touch to investor but others are not aggressively proposed, advertised,availed and used .# An another observation made by study was , many a time advisors themselves do not get timely updatesfrom AMCs. This leads them not to offer some of schemes those may give good returns.# technological advancements are at nascent stage. Therefore these channels will take time to come inpicture. In other words these are seems to narrow ways to walk.# surveyed persons are not having knowledge of more than 10 AMCs name and not more than 7 schemesof any one of mutual fund houses. This requires an aggressive marketing of funds. So that awareness levelof investor can be improved.Professional advisors think that investors are not educated properly. They (investor) rely on what others sayor what they (advisors) say. It’s easy to convince them for investment but not so easy to make them clearabout market affecting factors. “Stock market is going low and I am already losing, you are asking forinvestment in market, sorry I am not interested.” An investor grievance.53 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comConclusion & recommendations:After going through a two months summer training and survey, I have come to know about differentaspects of mutual funds and mutual funds industry. India is an emerging market. Consumption level is risingwith rising earning level. Economic indicators micro and macro both show a sky facing arrows. Data showsthat there will be more number of billionaires from India than any of other country.We know that Indians are earning more therefore spending more, but how much they save/invest in orderto secure future. There are numbers of traditional ways of saving. They give guaranteed return with lowrisk. High risk associated investment options was not considered a right decision. India is a young countryhaving a considerably big part of young people. They are more risk taker. They need a right direction forinvestment options.This study and survey on mutual funds is a small eye hole to see the picture of mutual funds industry inIndia. This provides almost clear view to the readers.Mutual funds industry is enlarging its size in India. JVs, foreign JVs and acquisitions are in trend. AUM hasgone to $8 trillion, number of investors is rising, and number of AMCs is going up. These changes are likelyto happen. Indian monetary policy is supporting new business. Private sector is aggressively participating inmutual funds business. Numbers of schemes are much more than earlier.With such shining sides, double digit inflation rate, bearish stock market, RBI’s high bank rates, squeezingliquidity and other dark sides putting pressure on consumers saving. This situation pushes investors backfrom investment. They wait and hold cash rather than investing. This study found that investors are willingto invest with high rate of return. They know high return always adhere to high risk but market still is not incorrection mode. It will take time.Indian market potential is high, investors are willing to pour money in mutual funds, despite sometemporary restraints, other economic factors are in favorable mode. Thus we need proper management ofadvisory services, more schemes, financial advisors and institutions to cater untouched markets.Industry need to revise its business strategy. Investor’s perception is not prioritized yet. Instead ofcompleting targets, advisors working under institutions should consider the requirement of investors. Weneed to change pattern of selling mutual funds schemes.54 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comI hope this study will help readers to identify industry’s unidentified areas where they need to work out. Questionnaires[I] For staff of HDFC Bank Ltd. 1. How long have you been selling mutual funds? 2. By what way did you used to communicate to your clients? 3. Do you still follow the same modes? 4. Industry is changing, consumer`s perception is changing, Indian economy is also dynamic, growing, how do you justify your job with such a changing scenario? 5. How do you describe ‘technological innovation in mutual funds ‘, by what extent seen and foreseen changes are caused by it? 6. If I keep all recommendations aside and simply ask you, what factors do you consider before suggesting any scheme to a prospective client? 7. Demand and supply mechanism moreover is applicable to buying and selling, what is the present seen of this mechanism for mutual funds in India? 8. Data says that in US number of mutual funds schemes are more than that of number of listed companies at stock exchange whereas in India not more than 1000 schemes. How do you react on this situation? 9. One side double digit inflation rate, RBI’s norms for curbing liquidity from market, high price of fuel, are putting pressure on consumer’ s savings, on the other side SEBI and RBI are relaxing norms for AMCs business. How these two repelling poles can stand simultaneously? 10. Number of distribution channels is increasing just to cater untouched market. What do you think? 11. Finally, where do you see this industry in coming 10years horizon?55 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com[II] For clients of HDFC Bank Ltd. 1. Which of the following age bands do you fall in to? Less than 21 21 to 25 25 to 35 35 to 60 Above 60 2. What is your primary source of income? Your pension Your salary Income from your business Rental income from investment properties 3. What is your return expectation on your investment? Up to 8% Between 8% to 18% Above 18% 4. How would you describe/rate your level of knowledge of financial products? Low level of knowledge Medium level of knowledge High level of knowledge56 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com 5. What level of risk are you willing to accept on your investment? I want to protect my capital I am comfortable with a small degree of risk I am comfortable accepting the fact that investment could decline I am willing to tolerate putting my principal at risk by investing in volatile investments 6. What percent of your disposable income do you keep aside for different investment options? 0% to 5% 5% to 10% 10% to 15% 15% to 20% 20% to 30% Above 30% 7. What percent of above mentioned percentage part do you invest in mutual funds? 0% to 5% 5% to 10% 10% to 20% 20% to 30% 30% to 50% Above 50%57 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com 8. Which of the following source of mutual funds information do you like to opt for? Professional advisory Company advisory Mutual fund prospects Newspaper, magazine, television Mutual fund rating service 9. How long are you planning to stay invested? Long term > 12 months Medium term 6 – 12 months Short term < 6 months 10. How likely are you stay invested during volatile times? Unlikely you will stay invested Likely you will stay invested Highly likely to remain invested58 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.comGlossary:- Back-end Load - Charge imposed by a mutual fund when an investor redeems shares. Redemption fees and contingent deferred sales charges are examples. Contingent Deferred Sales Charges - Back-end load imposed on an investor who redeems shares. It is usually expressed as a percentage of the original purchase price or of the value of shares redeemed. In most cases, the longer the investor holds his shares, the smaller the deferred sales charge. Distribution - Payments made to shareholders by the mutual fund. Interest and stock dividends earned by the fund’s portfolio are passed to shareholders as dividends, while capital gains are passed as capital gains distributions. Dividend Reinvestment Fee - Fee charged when an investor uses dividends paid by a mutual fund to purchase additional shares of the mutual fund. Exchange Fee - Fee charged when an investor switches from one mutual fund to another in the same family of funds. Front-end Load - Sales charge applied at the time the investor purchases shares. Investment Companies - The companies that pool investor monies to purchase securities. The Investment Company Act of 1940 created three types of investment companies: face-amount certificate companies, unit investment trusts and management companies. Management Companies - There are two types: open-end and closed-end. Open-end funds, which sell and buy shares back on demand, are called mutual funds. Closed-end funds have a fixed number of shares. After the initial public offering, shares in closed-end funds trade only on exchanges. The price is determined by the market and does not necessarily reflect the net asset value of the shares.59 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com Management Fee - A fee paid by the mutual fund to its investment adviser and charged against fund assets, generally 1% or less per year. Net Asset Value - In effect, the share price of a fund computed daily by adding the value of the fund’s securities and other assets, subtracting liabilities, and dividing by the number of shares outstanding. For a mutual fund with a front-end load, net asset value is identical to the "asked price" or "offering price." Prospectus - A disclosure document which should provide the investor with full and complete disclosure of all material information needed by the investor to make a decision whether or not to invest. The prospectus generally incorporates the SAI by "reference." (See SAI definition.) Redemption Fee - A fee charged to an investor who redeems shares. It is generally expressed as a percentage of the value of shares redeemed. Rule 12b-1 Fee - An asset-based sales load, permitted by SEC Rule 12b-1, representing annual charges of up to 1-1/4% for specific sales or promotional activities of the mutual fund. Over time, the amount paid in Rule 12b-1 fees can surpass the amount paid in sales fees charged by load funds. SAI - A disclosure document called a Statement of Additional Information. The SAI is not required to be furnished by mutual funds to investors unless investors specifically request it. Investors are responsible for information in the SAI, even if they don’t request it. Total Return - A computation of mutual fund performance which measures changes in total value over a specified time period. Included in the computation are distributions paid to investors, capital gains distributions and unrealized capital gains and losses. Since all fund activity which has an effect on net asset value is represented, this measure provides a picture of performance which is more complete than yield. Yield - A measure of mutual fund performance, which is figured by dividing the income generated (dividends, capital gains distribution, etc.) per share for a specific time period by the fund’s current price per share. For example if, during a year, a single share of a fund had paid income totaling $1 and its share price was $10, the annual yield for that year would be figured by dividing 1 by 10, which equals one tenth, or a yield of 10%.60 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com
    • Projectsformba.blogspot.com References:- www.IDFCMF.com www.moneycontrolindia.com http://www.nse-india.com http://www.amfiindia.com http://www.mutualfundsindia.com http://www.sebi.gov.in www.businessmapsofindia.com www.ceicdata.com www.economictimes.com www.valueresearchonline.com61 | P a g e Projectsformba.blogspot.com