Kidney Transplant

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  • Kidney Transplant

    1. 1. Cavalotto Andrea Moggia Giovanna
    2. 2. •Transplantation is a recent fenomena. •Many of the big developments in this discipline have taken place within the past 40 years. •Much of the story of transplantation is a story of barriers and how modern scientific medicine overcame those barriers.
    3. 3. 1902 - The first successful experimental kidney transplants were performed at the Vienna Medical School in Austria with animals. 1909 - The first kidney transplant experiments were performed in humans in France using animal kidneys. 1933 - The first human-to-human kidney transplant was performed Unknown to doctors at the time, there were mismatches in donor and recipient blood groups and the donor kidney never functioned 1940’s - Sir Peter Medawar at the University of London experimented with the immunologic basis of organ rejection. Early 1950’s - Cortisone-like medications were used to suppress the human body’s self-defense system (immune system), resulting in some kidney transplant success.
    4. 4. 1954 - Joseph E. Murray and his colleagues at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston performed the first truly successful kidney transplant from one twin to another.  This was done without any immunosuppressive medication.  A photograph of this procedure is seen above. Scientists predicted that immune system reactions should be minimal between The Perfect Match
    5. 5. *Late 1950’s - New approaches were needed to prevent the body from fighting off a “foreign” donor kidney when an identical twin donor was not available.  *1960’s - TISSUE TYPING ADVANCEMENTS - Better techniques for matching donor and recipient blood and tissue types, as well as improvements in preserving cadaveric (from recently deceased donors) kidneys, were developed. *1961 - IMMUNOSUPPRESSION ADVANCEMENTS - Powerful immunosuppressive became available and, in combination, helped decrease the chance for kidney rejection. *1980s and 1990s - New techniques, new medications and new patient information have helped make kidney transplants a safer, more effective and more routine procedure.
    6. 6. In order for successful kidney transplants to become a reality, science needed to outwit the human body’s own defense systems. • THE PROCEDURE First, surgeons had to develop a surgical procedure that would not only place a new kidney in the patient, but connect all the necessary tubes and blood vessels.  • DIALYSIS Throughout all of this experimentation, there were other developments being perfected that helped keep renal failure patients alive.  These was called kidney dialysis and it kept patients alive by using an artificial kidney to purify human blood, which is what normal functioning kidneys do every day.  
    7. 7. - “It was a pleasure to attempt to give enhanced life to my father, for he is not only my father, but is my best friend. He is always there for Joel donated one of his kidneys To his dad, Howard in Illinois in the year 1997.
    8. 8. Fabiana Gaccio donated one of her kidn to her husband Rene Vallejos in Gener in the year 1993. -“Each story is different, but in my case she gave a wonderful gift of love ,and a chance of life to live it together.” - Rene
    9. 9. ♥ Why do you think that a lot of people don't consider organ donation? ♥ Do you know if kidney and urinary diseases can be prevented?
    10. 10. ♥ Why do you think that a lot of people don't consider organ donation? ♥ Do you know if kidney and urinary diseases can be prevented?

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