Many countries felt so sure that war was “bound to come” sooner or later that they began to make very detailed plans for what to do if and when it did. They had to be prepared for war. Each country prepared it self in a different way. In order to learn about this plans we will see every country in a specific way.
Germany was not the biggest army in Europe but it was the best trained and powerful.
Germany Schlieffen Plan Avoid two-front war by concentrating their troops in the west, quickly defeating the French, and then rushing those troops by rail to the East to face Russians Plan created by Count Alfred von Schlieffen and it was Moltke who put this plan into action This plan depended in Germany’s ability to mobilize troops quickly.
Written by someone from that time, General Muller.
People thought that a war was about to come, so they had to be prepare for it.
Expresses someone’s opinion.
Valuable: it gives insight to feelings, the author is a witness of the war and its preparation for it.
Limitations: the author is too close to the event so he can say his own point of view, and not what it is really happening. This source doesn’t have censorship.
It is a primary source because it was written by Gottileb von Jagow, the German Foreign Secretary in May 1914 . we can learn how people felt about the war that had recently ended, and that they thought that there hadn’t been a single thing that could have prevented their victory or defeat.The purpose of this source was to express the feelings and the opinions of the people of that time. I t is a valuable source because we can learn from the emotional attachment of the author with the country, but it has limitations because the author is to involved and the source might not be so reliable Source II
Larg e and well-equipped army Plan of attack: Plan XVII Was the name of a "scheme of mobilization and concentration" War between France and Ge rmany Was implemented as an offensive into Alsace-Lorraine France Troops would charge across the frontier to attack
Russian army Badly equipped Huge Plan: to overwhelm Germanys and Austrias armies by sheer weight of numbers Two different plans for war Russia
Mili tary pla ners Closely but secretly envolved in colaboration with french comanders Britain set up : The britis h expediotionary force We ll-e quipped pro fessi onal soldiers Britain
Kingdom of Hungary Monarchic union between Crowns of the Austrian Empire Austria – Hungary They needed help from Germany, they relied in the Schlieffen Plan success
One thing that unites all of these plans was the assumption that a war, if and when it came, would be quick. These military plans were designed to achieve a quick vistory. No one planned for what to do if the war dragged on. It was almost universally assumed that none of the powers would be able to keep up a long-drawn-out war. The sheer cost of a war would lead to economic collapse and so the war would be over in a matter of weeks or months. With so much talk of war and plans for war, you might think, as many at the time did, that war was inevitable, and it was. Conclusion
Bibliography History Book: GCSE Modern World History by Ben Walsh http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schlieffen_Plan http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Moroccan_Crisis