THE ARMS RACE
By the early twentieth century Britain had the largest
Empire in the World and they also had the largest
navy. In contrast, German’s strange was her army.
Germany and Britain had to be
friends because there was
nothing to quarrel about.
He thought that disarmament was an idealistic
absurdity. He hated the idea of Britain
been so much stronger on the oceans than
Germany. He therefore orders a
massive increase in Germany navy.
A great race to build more and better warships started
The Kaiser’s policy of defence
was very aggressive
German battle fleet quickly
developed beyond the needs of
Kaiser dismissed Bismarck in
and started a new naval
by 1900 they doubled the fleet
The leading figure of the development
of the German Navy
Great race to built more and better warships
By 1906 Britain launched the first of a new kind
of super battleship called H.M.S Dreadnought
The German replay was to comment
They were concerned that Germany would
build more Dreadnoughts than Britain
So the naval competition went on until 1914.
While Britain and Germany were building up their navies, the major
powers on mainland Europe were also building up their armies because
they were sure that war was “ bound to come” sooner or later
There were serious financial difficulties in this arms race
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, France and Britain planned
their movements and prepared for war even though the arms race was
publicly justified to prevent war.
KAISER WILHELM II
- He become Kaiser at the age of 27 when
German industry was growing fast and
Germany was becoming a world power.
-He was very energetic and enthusiasm but
- He was keen military parades and liked to
be photographed with his
- He was very ambitious for Germany. He
wanted Germany to be recognized as the
greatest power in Europe by the older
- He was closely involved in Germany’s plan
- When Germany was defeated in 1918 he
fled to exile. He died in 1941.
1. Why did the Kaiser William II order an increase in the German Navy?
He hated the idea of Britain been so much stronger on the oceans than Germany.
2. What did the Kaiser mean by "The trident must be in our hands"?
3. Why did the conference brake down when it came to the question of
Any country wanted to be disarmed because they want to have more armament
because that meant more power.
4. How did the Kaiser see the offer of a certain amount of disarmament
He thought it was a trick, they were cheating him, lying to prevent German
increased of naval power.
5. Which was the German reaction about the British "Dreadnought"?
They built their own battleship, similar to "Dreadnought". And many people
in Britain became worried about the German naval threat. They were
concerned that Germany would built more Dreadnoughts than Britain.
6. Do you think this countries were acting unreasonably?
Yes, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, France and Britain planned their
movements and prepared for war even though the arms race was publicly
justified to prevent war.
7. Why do you think Britain had the largest navy?
Britain had the largest navy because England is an island so it has more