Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
What makes a news story?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

What makes a news story?


Published on

This training module has been written for journalism students preparing for a career in the media. It is written using material from The News Manual and Media Helping Media.

This training module has been written for journalism students preparing for a career in the media. It is written using material from The News Manual and Media Helping Media.

Published in: Education, News & Politics
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. WHAT IS NEWS? Journalism basics Image by Media Helping Media released under Creative Commons
  • 2.
    • Image courtesy of Randy Wills Photos released under Creative Commons
    Audience identification
  • 3. What is news?
    • The appeal of local news is that your readers or listeners might know the people or places involved and may identify with events
    • People can identify with stories about other people like themselves
    • Stories which many can identify with are stronger than those which apply to a few
    • Closeness
    • Personal impact
  • 4. News sources
    • Information from press officers and public relations officers are a steady source of information
    • Part of your job as a journalist is to sort out what is informative from the millions of boring words you are sent
    • Material we are given
    • Which we have to assess
    Image courtesy of 427 released under Creative Commons
  • 5. News sources
    • There is also news which journalists find for themselves and reveal to the public
    • This need not be a subject which somebody wants to be kept secret
    • Many people have a story to tell
    • It’s part of your job as a journalist to find these people and report their stories
    • Material we find
    • Which we have to explain
    Image courtesy of ancawonka released under Creative Commons
  • 6. News sources
    • Wars, strikes, revolutions, political power battles
    • All are important topics that we must explore and explain
    • We need to help the audience understand the underlying issues
    • Conflicts
    • Which we have to understand
    Image courtesy of Caza_No_7 released under Creative Commons
  • 7. News sources
    • Air crashes, train crashes, ships sinking, volcanic eruptions, Tsunamis, earthquakes
    • Human tragedies such as children falling down deep wells from which they cannot be rescued
    • Disaster and tragedy
    • Sensitivity needed
    Image courtesy of Radio Nederland Wereldomroep released under Creative Commons
  • 8. News sources
    • How changes affect people's lives, for better or for worse
    • New ideas or progress in one area may mean less progress in another
    • Our job as journalists is to find out and explain to the audience
    • Progress & development
    • No free PR
    Image courtesy of Toban Black released under Creative Commons
  • 9. News sources
    • Crime is news, whether it is a road traffic offence, break and enter, corruption, forgery, rape or murder
    • More serious crimes or unusual crimes generally make bigger news stories
    • But we must always avoid sensationalising and must ensure that we just deliver facts and not write drama
    • Crime
    • Innocent until proven guilty
    Image courtesy of thivierr released under Creative Commons
  • 10. News sources
    • Fortunes made and lost
    • Taxes and budgets
    • Food prices
    • Wage rises
    • It is not only large sums of money which make news
    • Struggling to live is a major source of important news stories
    • Money
    • Who is paying whom?
    Image courtesy of Images_of_Money released under Creative Commons
  • 11. News sources
    • The journalist should give voice to the voiceless
      • the innocent against false charges
      • the poor against exploitation
    • The underdog
    • Voice to the voiceless
    Image courtesy of Julie70 released under Creative Commons
  • 12. News sources
    • Events involving religious lives, such as festivals and new buildings
    • Statements by religious leaders
    • The things the public do as part of their beliefs
    • How religion impacts on society
    • Religion
    • Understand tolerance
    Image courtesy of C Jill Reed released under Creative Commons
  • 13. News sources
    • Prominent men and women make news
    • What people in the public eye do, the lives they lead and what they look like, are all of interest
    • But we must never simply write stories about prominent people for the sake of it
    • We must always explore the news angle
    • Famous people
    • Privacy issues
    Image courtesy of Justin Stone released under Creative Commons
  • 14. News sources
    • Disease, outbreaks, cures, research, all make news stories
    • Advice on drugs, diet and exercise are also of interest to the public
    • We need to be covering the health issues that concern the audience
    • Health
    • Public information
    Image courtesy of shibuya246 released under Creative Commons
  • 15. News sources
    • All societies are interested in sex, even if they do not talk about it openly.
    • Many news stories about sex involve behaviour which goes outside society's generally accepted standards.
    • Sex
    • Public information
    Image courtesy of S Pakhrin released under Creative Commons
  • 16. News sources
    • The weather may affect the daily routine of people
    • It’s of interest when it’s unusual with exceptionally high or low temperatures, or exceptionally high or low rainfall
    • We need to look for the stories where the weather has caused personal and social disruption
    • Weather
    • Public information
    Image courtesy of Hanoi Mark released under Creative Commons
  • 17. News sources
    • Shortages in the food supply
    • Failure of crops and poor harvests
    • The price of food
    • A visit to the market will always produce a news story
    • Food and drink
    • Public information
    Image courtesy of Daniele Civello released under Creative Commons
  • 18. News sources
    • Stories about music, dance, theatre and cinema
    • The lives of celebrities always interest the audience
    • However we must ensure that there is an editorial justification in covering these stories and ask ...
    • “ is it in the public interest?”
    • Entertainment
    • Public information
    Image courtesy of Oceania Rock released under Creative Commons
  • 19. News sources
    • Sports news, results, player transfers, statistics
    • Many people will choose a radio or TV station or select a newspaper based on its sports coverage
    • If your coverage is good you need to reflect the top stories from that coverage in your bulletins and on your front page
    • Sport
    Image courtesy of rycat released under Creative Commons
  • 20. News sources
    • Unusual and interesting aspects of other people's lives which are not particularly significant to society as a whole
    • Stories about these are called human interest stories
    • The audience likes them because they make them smile and can be a nice distraction from the harder news
    • Human interest
    Image courtesy of San Diego Shooter released under Creative Commons
  • 21. News sources
    • If it is not new or unusual
    • If it is not interesting or significant
    • If it will not affect your readers‘ lives
    • Then it is not news
    • Do not publish it as news
    • The news test
    • We only deal in news
  • 22. What is news?
    • The module uses material from The News Manual
    • Media Helping Media has been given permission to publish edited highlights of some basic training modules
    • Using some material from
    • The News Manual
  • 23.
    • The source of the following material in this module
    Media Helping Media