What makes a news story?
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What makes a news story?

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This training module has been written for journalism students preparing for a career in the media. It is written using material from The News Manual and Media Helping Media.

This training module has been written for journalism students preparing for a career in the media. It is written using material from The News Manual and Media Helping Media.

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    What makes a news story? What makes a news story? Presentation Transcript

    • WHAT IS NEWS? Journalism basics Image by Media Helping Media released under Creative Commons
      • Image courtesy of Randy Wills Photos released under Creative Commons
      Audience identification
    • What is news?
      • The appeal of local news is that your readers or listeners might know the people or places involved and may identify with events
      • People can identify with stories about other people like themselves
      • Stories which many can identify with are stronger than those which apply to a few
      • Closeness
      • Personal impact
    • News sources
      • Information from press officers and public relations officers are a steady source of information
      • Part of your job as a journalist is to sort out what is informative from the millions of boring words you are sent
      • Material we are given
      • Which we have to assess
      Image courtesy of 427 released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • There is also news which journalists find for themselves and reveal to the public
      • This need not be a subject which somebody wants to be kept secret
      • Many people have a story to tell
      • It’s part of your job as a journalist to find these people and report their stories
      • Material we find
      • Which we have to explain
      Image courtesy of ancawonka released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Wars, strikes, revolutions, political power battles
      • All are important topics that we must explore and explain
      • We need to help the audience understand the underlying issues
      • Conflicts
      • Which we have to understand
      Image courtesy of Caza_No_7 released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Air crashes, train crashes, ships sinking, volcanic eruptions, Tsunamis, earthquakes
      • Human tragedies such as children falling down deep wells from which they cannot be rescued
      • Disaster and tragedy
      • Sensitivity needed
      Image courtesy of Radio Nederland Wereldomroep released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • How changes affect people's lives, for better or for worse
      • New ideas or progress in one area may mean less progress in another
      • Our job as journalists is to find out and explain to the audience
      • Progress & development
      • No free PR
      Image courtesy of Toban Black released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Crime is news, whether it is a road traffic offence, break and enter, corruption, forgery, rape or murder
      • More serious crimes or unusual crimes generally make bigger news stories
      • But we must always avoid sensationalising and must ensure that we just deliver facts and not write drama
      • Crime
      • Innocent until proven guilty
      Image courtesy of thivierr released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Fortunes made and lost
      • Taxes and budgets
      • Food prices
      • Wage rises
      • It is not only large sums of money which make news
      • Struggling to live is a major source of important news stories
      • Money
      • Who is paying whom?
      Image courtesy of Images_of_Money released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • The journalist should give voice to the voiceless
        • the innocent against false charges
        • the poor against exploitation
      • The underdog
      • Voice to the voiceless
      Image courtesy of Julie70 released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Events involving religious lives, such as festivals and new buildings
      • Statements by religious leaders
      • The things the public do as part of their beliefs
      • How religion impacts on society
      • Religion
      • Understand tolerance
      Image courtesy of C Jill Reed released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Prominent men and women make news
      • What people in the public eye do, the lives they lead and what they look like, are all of interest
      • But we must never simply write stories about prominent people for the sake of it
      • We must always explore the news angle
      • Famous people
      • Privacy issues
      Image courtesy of Justin Stone released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Disease, outbreaks, cures, research, all make news stories
      • Advice on drugs, diet and exercise are also of interest to the public
      • We need to be covering the health issues that concern the audience
      • Health
      • Public information
      Image courtesy of shibuya246 released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • All societies are interested in sex, even if they do not talk about it openly.
      • Many news stories about sex involve behaviour which goes outside society's generally accepted standards.
      • Sex
      • Public information
      Image courtesy of S Pakhrin released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • The weather may affect the daily routine of people
      • It’s of interest when it’s unusual with exceptionally high or low temperatures, or exceptionally high or low rainfall
      • We need to look for the stories where the weather has caused personal and social disruption
      • Weather
      • Public information
      Image courtesy of Hanoi Mark released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Shortages in the food supply
      • Failure of crops and poor harvests
      • The price of food
      • A visit to the market will always produce a news story
      • Food and drink
      • Public information
      Image courtesy of Daniele Civello released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Stories about music, dance, theatre and cinema
      • The lives of celebrities always interest the audience
      • However we must ensure that there is an editorial justification in covering these stories and ask ...
      • “ is it in the public interest?”
      • Entertainment
      • Public information
      Image courtesy of Oceania Rock released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Sports news, results, player transfers, statistics
      • Many people will choose a radio or TV station or select a newspaper based on its sports coverage
      • If your coverage is good you need to reflect the top stories from that coverage in your bulletins and on your front page
      • Sport
      Image courtesy of rycat released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • Unusual and interesting aspects of other people's lives which are not particularly significant to society as a whole
      • Stories about these are called human interest stories
      • The audience likes them because they make them smile and can be a nice distraction from the harder news
      • Human interest
      Image courtesy of San Diego Shooter released under Creative Commons
    • News sources
      • If it is not new or unusual
      • If it is not interesting or significant
      • If it will not affect your readers‘ lives
      • Then it is not news
      • Do not publish it as news
      • The news test
      • We only deal in news
    • What is news?
      • The module uses material from The News Manual
      • Media Helping Media has been given permission to publish edited highlights of some basic training modules
      • Using some material from
      • The News Manual
      http://www.thenewsmanual.net/
      • The source of the following material in this module
      Media Helping Media