Leadership ppt by neelima.

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Leadership ppt by neelima.

  1. 1. Leadership
  2. 2. Leadership  Leadership is a set of interpersonal behavior designed to influence employees to cooperate in the achievement of the objectives.  The leader always pay a key role for the success and excellence of any organization.  For e.g.: BILL GATES for MICROSOFT AMBANIS for RELIANCE NARAYANA MURTY for INFOSYS AZIM PREMJI for WIPRO etc
  3. 3. Importance of leadership  Leadership indicates ability of an individual to influence other.  It tries to bring change in the behavior of others  It indicates interpersonal relation ship between leaders and followers.  Leadership is exercised to achieve common goals of organization  Leadership is a continuous process.
  4. 4. •PHISICAL FEATURES- physical features like height, weight, health, appearance determine the physical personality of an individual. It is believed that good physical features attract people. Health and endurance help a leader to work hard which inspires others to work with same tempo. •KNOWLEDGE- A good leader should have required knowledge and competence. Only such person can instruct subordinates correctly and influence them.
  5. 5.  INREGRITY- A leader should posses high level of integrity and honesty. He should be role model to others regarding the ethics and values.  INITIATIVES- A leader should have courage and initiative. He should not wait for opportunities come to his way , rather he should grab the opportunities and use it to the advantage of organization.
  6. 6. • COMMUNICATION SKILLS- A leader should be a good communicator. He should have the capacity to clearly explain the ideas and make the people to understand his ideas. He should not only be a good speaker but a good listener, teacher counselor and persuader. • MOTIVATION SKILLS- A leader should be an effective motivators. He should understand the needs of the people and motivate them through satisfying their needs.
  7. 7.  SOCIAL SKILLS- a leader should be sociable and friendly with his colleges and followers. He should understand people and maintain good human relation with them.  SELF CONFIDENCE- A leader should have level of self confidence. He should not loose his confidence even in most difficult times . In fact , if the leader lacks self confidence, he can not provide confidence to the followers.
  8. 8. Styles of LEADERSHIP  The behavioral pattern which a leader adopt in influencing his followers is known as the style of leadership.  Leader ship style is a outcome of leader’s personality , philosophy, experience and value system.  There are four styles of leader ship. 1. Autocratic or authoritarian leadership. 2. Participative or democratic leadership
  9. 9. AUTOCRATI STYLE L E E E E
  10. 10.  An autocratic leader is one who likes to run the show himself. He takes all decisions himself without consulting the followers. He gives the orders and insist that they be obeyed.  Advantages 1. Quick decision making 2. Strong motivation and satisfaction to the leader .  Disadvantage 1. Leads to frustration . 2. Lack of opportunity and future leadership does not develop.
  11. 11. DEMPCRATIC STYLE L E E E E E E
  12. 12.  A democratic leader makes decision jointly with his followers . He decentralized authority and allows the group to share his power. He allows the subordinates to express their opinion freely.  Advantage 1. Improves the attitude of employees. 2. Improves employees morale and reduces the complaints and also facilitates the development of future leaders.  Disadvantage 1. Delay in decision making. 2. Participants may not be meaningful unless the subordinates understand thoroughly the complex problem of the organization.
  13. 13. FREE-REIN L E E E E E E
  14. 14.  Free rein leadership gives complete freedom to establishes their own goals and policies. He does not lead and avoid power.  Advantage 1. Complete freedom improves motivation and morale of subordinates. 2. Maximum opportunity for development of subordinates.  Disadvantage 1. Group does not get inspired by the leader. 2. Can be success when followers are highly mature. and it ignores the managers contribution.
  15. 15. Paternalistic leadership E E E EL
  16. 16.  A paternalistic leadership serves as the head of the family and treats his followers like his family members.  He provides a parental role to help , guide and protect the followers .  He provides them with good working condition, fringe benefits and welfare facility and services.
  17. 17. Thank you

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