Leadership is a set of interpersonal behavior
designed to influence employees to cooperate in the
achievement of the objectives.
The leader always pay a key role for the success and
excellence of any organization.
For e.g.: BILL GATES for MICROSOFT
AMBANIS for RELIANCE
NARAYANA MURTY for INFOSYS
AZIM PREMJI for WIPRO etc
Importance of leadership
Leadership indicates ability of an individual to
It tries to bring change in the behavior of others
It indicates interpersonal relation ship between
leaders and followers.
Leadership is exercised to achieve common goals
Leadership is a continuous process.
•PHISICAL FEATURES- physical features like
height, weight, health, appearance determine the
physical personality of an individual. It is believed
that good physical features attract people. Health
and endurance help a leader to work hard which
inspires others to work with same tempo.
•KNOWLEDGE- A good leader should
have required knowledge and competence. Only
such person can instruct subordinates correctly and
INREGRITY- A leader should posses high
level of integrity and honesty. He should be
role model to others regarding the ethics and
INITIATIVES- A leader should have courage
and initiative. He should not wait for
opportunities come to his way , rather he
should grab the opportunities
and use it to the advantage
• COMMUNICATION SKILLS- A leader should be a
good communicator. He should have the capacity to
clearly explain the ideas and make the people to
understand his ideas. He should not only be a good
speaker but a good listener, teacher counselor and
• MOTIVATION SKILLS- A leader should be an
effective motivators. He should
understand the needs of the
people and motivate them
through satisfying their needs.
SOCIAL SKILLS- a leader should be sociable and
friendly with his colleges and followers. He should
understand people and maintain
good human relation
SELF CONFIDENCE- A leader should have level
of self confidence. He should not loose his
confidence even in most difficult times . In fact , if
the leader lacks self confidence, he can not
provide confidence to the followers.
Styles of LEADERSHIP
The behavioral pattern which a leader adopt
in influencing his followers is known as the
style of leadership.
Leader ship style is a outcome of leader’s
personality , philosophy, experience and
There are four styles of leader ship.
1. Autocratic or authoritarian leadership.
2. Participative or democratic leadership
An autocratic leader is one who likes to run the
show himself. He takes all decisions himself
without consulting the followers. He gives the
orders and insist that they be obeyed.
1. Quick decision making
2. Strong motivation and satisfaction to the
1. Leads to frustration .
2. Lack of opportunity and future leadership does
A democratic leader makes decision jointly with his
followers . He decentralized authority and allows
the group to share his power. He allows the
subordinates to express their opinion freely.
1. Improves the attitude of employees.
2. Improves employees morale and reduces the
complaints and also facilitates the development of
1. Delay in decision making.
2. Participants may not be meaningful unless the
subordinates understand thoroughly the complex
problem of the organization.
Free rein leadership gives complete freedom to
establishes their own goals and policies. He
does not lead and avoid power.
1. Complete freedom improves motivation and
morale of subordinates.
2. Maximum opportunity for
development of subordinates.
1. Group does not get inspired by the leader.
2. Can be success when followers are highly
mature. and it ignores the managers
A paternalistic leadership serves as the head
of the family and treats his followers like his
He provides a parental role to help , guide
and protect the followers .
He provides them with good working
condition, fringe benefits and welfare facility