BIM for Construction, BPMs and Owners

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A highly visual presentation of the many benefits of BIM for Construction, BPMs and Owners.

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BIM for Construction, BPMs and Owners

  1. 1. BIM OverviewA little something for architects, engineers, manufacturers, contractors, owners and more<br />Presented by: Marc Goldman<br />Thanks to the many BIM enthusiasts who provided the wonderful images used in this presentation.<br />Credits have been given in most cases where known. Sorry for any omissions.<br />
  2. 2. The state of the AEC Industry<br />
  3. 3. State of the AEC Industry<br />3<br />AEC Industry<br /><ul><li>Large, Complex
  4. 4. >$5T</li></ul>Image: McGraw Hill<br />
  5. 5. State of the AEC Industry<br />4<br />AEC Industry<br /><ul><li>Large, Complex
  6. 6. >$5T
  7. 7. Fragmented
  8. 8. >1.25mm co’s in NA
  9. 9. 98% < 50 employees</li></ul>1,248,000<br />Total Firms<br />140,000<br />20,000<br /><ul><li>Owners
  10. 10. Architects
  11. 11. Engineers
  12. 12. Contractors
  13. 13. Specialty Trades
  14. 14. Building Product Mfrs
  15. 15. Distributors
  16. 16. Facility Managers
  17. 17. Service Providers
  18. 18. Consultants, Other Specialists</li></ul>Construction<br />Industry<br />Players<br />420,000<br />48,000<br />240,000<br />380,000<br />Image: McGraw Hill<br />
  19. 19. State of the AEC Industry<br />5<br />AEC Industry<br /><ul><li>Large, Complex
  20. 20. >$5T
  21. 21. Fragmented
  22. 22. >Hundreds of IT tools</li></ul>Hundreds<br />Of Tools<br /><ul><li>CADD
  23. 23. Estimating
  24. 24. Scheduling
  25. 25. Project Mgt
  26. 26. Document Mgt
  27. 27. Financial/GL
  28. 28. Etc.</li></ul>Multiple<br />IT<br />Tools<br />Image: McGraw Hill<br />
  29. 29. State of the AEC Industry<br />6<br />AEC Industry<br /><ul><li>Large, Complex
  30. 30. >$5T
  31. 31. Fragmented
  32. 32. >Over a long lifecycle</li></ul>Over the<br />Lifecycle<br /><ul><li>Strategy
  33. 33. Research
  34. 34. Plan
  35. 35. Design
  36. 36. Document
  37. 37. Bid/Procure
  38. 38. Fabricate
  39. 39. Build
  40. 40. Commission
  41. 41. Operate, Maintain, Renovate
  42. 42. Disposition</li></ul>The<br />Project<br />Lifecycle<br />Image: McGraw Hill<br />
  43. 43. State of the AEC Industry<br />7<br />AEC Industry<br /><ul><li>Large, Complex
  44. 44. >$5T
  45. 45. “The Project”
  46. 46. One-of-a-kind
  47. 47. Long lifecycle
  48. 48. Dozens of co’s
  49. 49. Different IT tools
  50. 50. Little consistency
  51. 51. Lifecycle
  52. 52. Project-to-project</li></ul>1 at a time<br />The<br />Construction<br />Project<br />Image: McGraw Hill<br />
  53. 53. State of the AEC Industry <br />8<br />AEC Industry<br /><ul><li>Information exchange
  54. 54. Many point-to-point handoffs
  55. 55. Limited transparency
  56. 56. Linear, “toss it over the fence” process</li></ul>Image: McGraw Hill<br />
  57. 57. State of the AEC Industry<br />More<br />Knowledge<br />Less<br />Time<br />Early<br />Late<br />
  58. 58. State of the AEC Industry<br />10<br />AEC Industry<br /><ul><li>Silos of information
  59. 59. Little overall transparency or visibility
  60. 60. IT tools & processes
  61. 61. “Point solutions”
  62. 62. Lack of interoperability
  63. 63. Challenge to integrate Project w/ Business</li></li></ul><li>State of the AEC Industry<br />11<br />
  64. 64. State of the AEC Industry<br />12<br />AEC Industry<br /><ul><li>Lot of Casualties…
  65. 65. Poorly Coordinated Design Documents
  66. 66. Change Orders & Rework
  67. 67. Delays & Cost Overruns
  68. 68. Claims & Litigation
  69. 69. Greater Risk
  70. 70. Poor Turnover Documents
  71. 71. Frustrated Owners
  72. 72. Tight Profit Margins</li></li></ul><li>13<br />
  73. 73. State of the AEC Industry<br />14<br />AEC Industry<br /><ul><li>Demand for Better Sustainability
  74. 74. Construction process> 20% waste
  75. 75. Buildings consume 60% of US raw materials
  76. 76. Buildings consume 40% world’s energy (poorly)
  77. 77. Requires coordinated, collaborative effort</li></ul>Center for Excellence for Sustainable Development<br /><ul><li>Buildings consume 40% of world’s energy*
  78. 78. 81 million buildings currently operating in US
  79. 79. Over 30 million more forecast to start design between 2005-2010</li></ul>(*Roodman and Lenssen summary on impacts of buildings)<br />
  80. 80. State of the AEC Industry<br />15<br />AEC Industry<br /><ul><li>Summary…
  81. 81. $4T industry with > 20% waste (at least)
  82. 82. Buildings consume 60% of US raw materials
  83. 83. Buildings consume 40% world’s energy (poorly)
  84. 84. Projects routinely exceed schedule/budget
  85. 85. Claims and litigation
  86. 86. Low profit margins
  87. 87. Declining productivity
  88. 88. Depleting workforce
  89. 89. Antiquated processes and tools </li></li></ul><li>State of the AEC Industry<br />16<br />But….. <br /><ul><li>A major wave is forming that WILL dramatically change the AEC industry </li></li></ul><li>State of the AEC Industry<br />17<br />BIM<br /><ul><li>Building Information Modeling
  90. 90. Enabled by powerful technology
  91. 91. Facilitated by collaboration and integration</li></li></ul><li>State of the AEC Industry<br />18<br />BIM<br /><ul><li>Bottom-up, not top-down
  92. 92. Driven by industry practitioners who see the value
  93. 93. Important to understand why it is valuable
  94. 94. It will become pervasive
  95. 95. Building Design, Construction, Development, Ownership and Management will change</li></li></ul><li>What is BIM?<br />Image: University Mechanical<br />
  96. 96. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />BIM is to CAD…<br />…as CAD was to manual drafting<br />20<br /> with Ink and Linen<br />
  97. 97. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />BIM is an interoperable database<br />Multiple models interoperate<br />Architectural model<br />Structural model<br />HVAC model<br />Piping model<br />Telecommunications model<br />Electrical model<br />Furniture model<br />Civil model<br />Construction model<br />Fabrication model<br />Facility management model<br />etc. <br />21<br />The ability of a system to work with other systems without special effort on the part of the customer.<br />
  98. 98. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />BIM is an interoperable database<br />Multiple models interoperate<br />Architectural model<br />Structural model<br />HVAC model<br />Piping model<br />Telecommunications model<br />Electrical model<br />Furniture model<br />Civil model<br />Construction model<br />Fabrication model<br />Facility management model<br />etc. <br />22<br />Image: Bentley<br />
  99. 99. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />BIM is an interoperable database<br />Multiple models interoperate<br />Architectural model<br />Structural model<br />HVAC model<br />Piping model<br />Telecommunications model<br />Electrical model<br />Furniture model<br />Civil model<br />Construction model<br />Fabrication model<br />Facility management model<br />etc. <br />23<br />Image: Bentley<br />
  100. 100. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />BIM is an interoperable database<br />Multiple models interoperate<br />Architectural model<br />Structural model<br />HVAC model<br />Piping model<br />Telecommunications model<br />Electrical model<br />Furniture model<br />Civil model<br />Construction model<br />Fabrication model<br />Facility management model<br />etc. <br />24<br />Image: Bentley<br />
  101. 101. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />BIM is an interoperable database<br />Multiple models interoperate<br />Architectural model<br />Structural model<br />HVAC model<br />Piping model<br />Telecommunications model<br />Electrical model<br />Furniture model<br />Civil model<br />Construction model<br />Fabrication model<br />Facility management model<br />etc. <br />25<br />Image: Bentley<br />
  102. 102. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />BIM is an interoperable database<br />Multiple models interoperate<br />Architectural model<br />Structural model<br />HVAC model<br />Piping model<br />Telecommunications model<br />Electrical model<br />Furniture model<br />Civil model<br />Construction model<br />Fabrication model<br />Facility management model<br />etc. <br />26<br />Image: Bentley<br />
  103. 103. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />BIM is an interoperable database<br />Multiple models interoperate<br />Architectural model<br />Structural model<br />HVAC model<br />Piping model<br />Telecommunications model<br />Electrical model<br />Furniture model<br />Civil model<br />Construction model<br />Fabrication model<br />Facility management model<br />etc. <br />27<br />Image: Bentley<br />
  104. 104. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />BIM is an interoperable database<br />Multiple models interoperate<br />Architectural model<br />Structural model<br />HVAC model<br />Piping model<br />Telecommunications model<br />Electrical model<br />Furniture model<br />Civil model<br />Construction model<br />Fabrication model<br />Facility management model<br />etc. <br />28<br />Image: Bentley<br />
  105. 105. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />BIM is an interoperable database<br />Models can interoperate with analysis and other specialty tools <br />Rendering, 3D Printing<br />Scheduling<br />Estimating, Procurement<br />Engineering Design<br />Animation, Simulation (construction, energy consumption, etc)<br />Laser Scanning and Underground Radar<br />Facility Management<br />29<br />
  106. 106. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />It is all about the Information …<br />Graphical Information<br />3D Objects Visual in the Model – Architecture, Structure, Ductwork, Piping & Equipment<br />Non-Graphical Information<br />Performance Data<br />Linked Information<br />Schedule & Cost Information<br />Stanford SIM1<br />Whiting-Turner & ZGF<br />
  107. 107. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s important<br />Changes<br />Design<br />Ability<br />of<br />to<br />Cost<br />control<br />cost<br />Construction<br />Design<br />Design Devel<br />Const Docs<br />Traditional Design Process <br />
  108. 108. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />32<br />Changes<br />Design<br />Ability<br />of<br />to<br />Cost<br />control<br />cost<br /><ul><li>Integrated BIM Process
  109. 109. Documenting as the model is built
  110. 110. Involving Construction/Suppliers
  111. 111. Eliminating clashes virtually
  112. 112. Creating a “digital double”</li></ul>Construction<br />Design<br />Design Devel<br />Const Docs<br />
  113. 113. BIM: What It Is and Why It’s Important<br />Integrated Project Delivery:<br />Building Owner<br />Collaborative Process<br />Reduces “over the wall”mentality<br /><ul><li>Potential for “Cost Certainty”
  114. 114. Reduce Waste and inefficienciesthrough all phases of AEC
  115. 115. Collaboration is a “soft skill” critical to fully leverage BIM potential</li></ul>Architect<br />Building Product Mfrs<br />BIM<br />Engineer<br />Fabricators<br />Subs & Trades<br />
  116. 116. BIM Deliverables<br />Image: University Mechanical<br />Image: University Mechanical<br />
  117. 117. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />35<br />Design Development<br /><ul><li> Schematic Design phase
  118. 118. LEED credits</li></ul>- Luminance<br />- Natural Ventilation<br /><ul><li> Modeling Analysis</li></ul>- Daylighting<br /><ul><li> Glazing
  119. 119. Shading</li></ul>- Shell<br /><ul><li> Wall construction options</li></ul>- Natural Ventilation<br /><ul><li> Feasibility
  120. 120. Placement of openings</li></ul>Source: Burt Hill<br />
  121. 121. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />36<br />Revit model<br />Source: Burt Hill<br />
  122. 122. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />37<br />IES Energy Analysis Model<br /><ul><li>Integrates with Revit</li></ul>Source: Burt Hill<br />
  123. 123. Studied Typical Classroom<br />Source: Burt Hill<br />BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />
  124. 124. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />39<br />Luminance Levels at LEED EQ Credit 8.1 <br />Area at 30 inches above floor level that is above the 25 fc threshold for LEED EQ Credit 8.1.<br />Required floor area for credit is 75%<br />Source: Burt Hill<br />
  125. 125. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />40<br />Collaborative BIM Design<br /><ul><li> Glazing area and placement
  126. 126. Surface reflectivity
  127. 127. Lightshelves
  128. 128. External shading</li></ul>Source: Burt Hill<br />
  129. 129. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />41<br />75% of 3’ work plane above 25 fc threshold<br />New Design Passed<br />Source: Burt Hill<br />
  130. 130. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />42<br />Modified design to optimize prevailing wind<br />Source: Burt Hill<br />
  131. 131. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Site Logistics<br /><ul><li>Utilize 3D models to identify & communicate Site logistics & phasing
  132. 132. Valuable for managing expectations early in the process
  133. 133. Utilize existing range of tools
  134. 134. Build as BIM vs. throw-away</li></ul>University of Central Florida, Partnership III Proposal<br />Whiting-Turner<br />
  135. 135. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Structural BIM:<br /><ul><li>American Institute of Steel Constructors drove the process with standards
  136. 136. Tekla Software
  137. 137. Linking Modeling with Detailing</li></ul>Walt Disney Performing Arts Complex<br />Mortensen & Gehry Partners<br />
  138. 138. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />45<br />Structural BIM:<br /><ul><li>Incorporate detailed design into model to eliminate need for separate shop drawing process</li></ul>Structural Designer<br />Structural Detailer<br />
  139. 139. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />46<br />Structural BIM:<br /><ul><li>Incorporate detailed design into model to eliminate need for separate shop drawing process</li></ul>Structural Designer<br />Structural Detailer<br />
  140. 140. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />47<br />Structural BIM:<br /><ul><li>Incorporate detailed design into model to eliminate need for separate shop drawing process</li></ul>Structural Designer<br />Structural Detailer<br />
  141. 141. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />48<br />Structural BIM:<br /><ul><li>Enables complex construction</li></ul>Images: Bentley Systems<br />
  142. 142. 49<br />
  143. 143. Why Does Mortenson Model?<br />50<br />
  144. 144. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />51<br />Visualization:<br /><ul><li>Not just pretty pictures
  145. 145. Enables complex construction
  146. 146. Having access to a 3D model, allows all members of the team to understand the design intent</li></li></ul><li>BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Visualization:<br /><ul><li>Not only for complex projects</li></ul>Grafton Station Dublin, CA<br />Whiting-Turner<br />
  147. 147. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Visualization:<br /><ul><li>Not only for complex projects</li></ul>Turner Construction<br />
  148. 148. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Constructability Analysis:<br />Holder Construction<br />
  149. 149. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Constructability Analysis:<br />Holder Construction<br />
  150. 150. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Constructability Analysis:<br />Holder Construction<br />
  151. 151. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Constructability Analysis:<br />
  152. 152. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Model Based Drawings:<br />Drawings are made from Model<br />Lines are not redrawn from plan to section to details<br />Links between “views”, so when an object is change it automatically updates in all linked “views”<br />
  153. 153. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Model Based Drawings:<br />
  154. 154. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Model Based Drawings:<br />
  155. 155. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Model Based Drawings:<br />
  156. 156. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Model Based Drawings:<br />
  157. 157. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />3D Coordination:<br />Not just collision detection<br />Perform constructability and check interference<br />Generates views & reports for distribution to team<br />
  158. 158. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />3D Coordination:<br />Not just collision detection<br />Perform constructability and check interference<br />Generates views & reports for distribution to team<br />
  159. 159. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />3D MEP Coordination:<br />Greater pre-fabrication = Higher Quality Construction<br />
  160. 160. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />3D MEP Coordination:<br />Greater pre-fabrication = Higher Quality Construction<br />
  161. 161. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Design to Fabrication: (MEP)<br />Greater collaboration between designers and fabricators<br />
  162. 162. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Design to Fabrication: (MEP)<br />Greater collaboration between designers and fabricators<br />
  163. 163. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Design to Fabrication: (MEP)<br />Greater collaboration between designers and fabricators<br />
  164. 164. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Design to Fabrication: (MEP)<br />BIM is driving multi-system pre-fabrication<br />
  165. 165. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Design to Fabrication: (MEP)<br />BIM is driving multi-system pre-fabrication<br />
  166. 166. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />4D Schedule:<br />Modeling linked to the construction schedule<br />Communicate construction phasing<br />Stakeholder review – Compare construction photo’s with 4D snapshots<br />
  167. 167. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />4D Schedule:<br />Image: Pinnacle<br />
  168. 168. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />Facility Involvement<br /><ul><li>Above ceiling access prior to maintenance coordination
  169. 169. Same above ceiling access after maintenance coordination
  170. 170. Ability to walk user and maintenance staff through space prior to finalizing coordination</li></ul>Stanford SIM1<br />Whiting-Turner & ZGF<br />
  171. 171. BIM: Deliverables & Outputs<br />As-Built Model:<br />Owners receive a “digital double” with Asset information embedded in the BIM Models.<br />
  172. 172. What this means for Building Product Manufacturers?<br />Image: McGraw Hill<br />
  173. 173. What this means for BPMs<br />“When you design a building using [BIM]<br /> you create an intelligent data model of the building<br /> that can be used more effectively than standard two-dimensional documents.”<br />Larry Rocha<br />Wimberly Allison Tong and Goo<br />
  174. 174. What this means for BPMs<br />“When you provide Building Product Models<br /> you offer intelligent representations of your products<br /> that are more valuable to your customers than traditional product information <br /> which can provide a competitive edge and help you get spec’d.”<br />Marc Goldman<br />
  175. 175. What this means for BPMs<br />BIM Content is:<br /> In high demand by BPM customers!<br />Easier to use for design, take-offs, estimate and specification!<br />Being provided by a couple hundred BPMs!<br />
  176. 176. What this means for BPMs<br />
  177. 177. What this means for BPMs<br />
  178. 178. What this means for BPMs<br />One Building Product Model contains multiple views (2D and 3D)<br />
  179. 179. What this means for BPMs<br />Building Product Models are comprised of the “parts & pieces” of your product systems<br />
  180. 180. What this means for BPMs<br />Whole systems of parts with multiple options and configurations<br />
  181. 181. What this means for BPMs<br />Configurable products that behave like the real world<br />
  182. 182. What this means for BPMs<br />Not just architectural products…<br />
  183. 183. What this means for BPMs<br />Building Product Models aware of their required clearances.<br />
  184. 184. What this means for BPMs<br />Levels of complexity<br />Mullion Width<br />Trim Width<br />Frame Width<br />Mullions stay equidistant and fixed size<br />Frame Width<br />Height<br />Number & layout of Mullions<br />Height<br />Sill Thickness<br />Width<br />Width<br />Fixed:<br />Can’t control size or details.<br />Semi-Parametric:<br />Can control overall size or details.<br />Fully Parametric:<br />Can control size and many details.<br />
  185. 185. What this means for BPMs<br />10/2/2009<br />
  186. 186. What this means for BPMs<br />10/2/2009<br />
  187. 187. What this means for BPMs<br />10/2/2009<br />
  188. 188. What this means for BPMs<br />10/2/2009<br />
  189. 189. What does this mean for Owners<br />93<br />BIM can be used as a database throughout the life of the building<br /><ul><li>Generate as-builts for tenant build-outs
  190. 190. Recall the paint color of the accent wall in the executive conference room
  191. 191. Calculate the square footage of the same wall
  192. 192. Better adherence to design standards & aesthetics</li></li></ul><li>What does this mean for Owners<br />94<br />BIM can enhance a building’s performance and provide operational efficiency throughout its life<br /><ul><li>Better asset tracking & mgmt
  193. 193. Better maintenance (warranty, failure, support)
  194. 194. Better adherence to design standards & aesthetics</li></li></ul><li>What does this mean for Owners<br />95<br />What should building owners should do<br /><ul><li>Define BIM Standard which AEC stakeholders must adhere to
  195. 195. Utilize BIM content which is populated with BF Saul valuable data
  196. 196. The BIM model must be kept alive after the model is handed over to BF Saul
  197. 197. Manual data entry will be necessary to maintain the most up-to-date information in the models</li></li></ul><li>Things to Think About<br />This is a fantastic time to be entering the [Building Industry], because [the Building Industry] is going to change more in the next 10 years than it has in the last 50. Bill Gates*<br />We always overestimate the change that will occur in the next two years and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten. Don&apos;t let yourself be lulled into inaction. Bill Gates<br />If you don&apos;t like change, you&apos;re going to like irrelevance even less.Ret. General Eric Shinseki, Chief of Staff, US Army<br />
  198. 198. Question & Answer<br />

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