Ws 420 women and religion

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Ws 420 women and religion

  1. 1. Women and Religion<br />Important Terms<br />
  2. 2. Women and Religion<br />Religious Fundamentalism – “People who are committed to the authority of ancient scriptures and believe them to be infallible; hold religion to provide a total worldview inseparable from politics; idealize a past when gender spheres were separate; require women to be modest and subordinate and regulate their sexuality; reject norms of universal human rights and multiculturalism; and have an ‘us versus them’ mentality” (Burns, 177).<br />
  3. 3. Women and Religion<br />Benevolent Sexism – “…Three domains: <br />Protective Paternalism (i.e., men should protect and provide for women); <br />Complementary Gender Differentiation (i.e., women are naturally suited for traditional female-specific gender roles); and <br />Heterosexual Intimacy (i.e., heterosexual romantic relationships are essential)” (Burns, 177)<br />
  4. 4. Women and Religion<br />Feminist Theology – “Reconsiders the traditions, practices, scriptures, and theologies of religion from a feminist perspective with a commitment to transforming religion for gender equality” (Burns, 178). <br />
  5. 5. Women and Religion<br />Masculine God-language – “Androcentric language arising from the patriarchal historical contexts in which the word’s major religions emerged” (Burns, 179). <br />
  6. 6. Women and Religion<br />Hermeneutics –”Principles of interpretation for religious texts” (Burns, 180). <br />Feminist Hermeneutics – “Generally emphasize the importance of historical contextualization” (Burns, 180). <br />Hermeneutics of Suspicion<br />Hermeneutics of Remembrance <br />Hermeneutics of Reconstruction<br />Hermeneutics of Proclamation<br />Hermeneutics of Creative Actualization<br />
  7. 7. Women and Religion<br />Gender-Segregated Religious Practices- Different rituals and forms of worship based on gender<br />
  8. 8. Feminist Theologies<br />Liberation Theologies – “Focus on justice and equality for all people and use religious texts and specific stories and passages as a means to empower the poor and oppressed” (Burns, 199).<br />Post-Colonial Theologies – “Seeks to rediscover nonpatriarchal religious traditions and interpretations common before colonization” (Burns, 199). <br />Womanist Theology – “A newly developing Black women’s feminist theology that began as a Protestant Christian African-American endeavor but increasingly includes the voices of other Black women..” (Burns, 199).<br />
  9. 9. Feminist Theologies<br />Mujerista Theology – “A Latin American theology, has as it goals the liberation of Latinas (and all people) and the changing of church structures such that Latinas may participate fully in them” (Burns, 199). <br />Native American Feminist Theologies – “Challenge the partiarchal and colonial histories of Native Americans, histories in which women are often absent and subordinate” (Burns, 199-200).<br />

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