Learn Latex
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Learn Latex






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Learn Latex Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Learn LaTeX in 30 Minutes A. LOTFI School of Science and Technology Nottingham Trent University
  • 2. Use the right tool for the job
  • 3. Latex vs. MS WordIf you need to write a short letter,a cover page, you are best ofwriting in Word. For simpledocuments, you dont need fancylayout. So, you can save time bywriting with a WYSIWYG editor likeWord.If you are writing a longdocument like a PhD thesis, anarticle, or a review, you are betterof with LaTeX.http://openwetware.org/wiki/Word_vs._LaTeX
  • 4. Why LaTeXVery powerful control of document generation,particularly large technical documentsVery easy for formatting, numbering, and referencingYou can learn all about it in a couple of hours.
  • 5. What is NeededUse MikTex for Microsoft windows platform. MikTex isfree. http://www.miktex.org/Use TEXnicCentre as your editor. http://www.texniccenter.org/
  • 6. The LaTeX Process 1. Create a text file with your favorite text editor (TEXnicCenter Editor). 2. “Compile” or “Build” your document using the LaTeX program 3. Display resulting Document in either PDF or DVI 4. Continue writing and go to 1 until finished. latex .div file Yap viewer .tex file bibtex .pdf file PDF reader pdflate.bib file .jpg & .eps xhlatex .html file IE/Chrome
  • 7. My First LaTeX Documentdocumentclass{article}begin{document}I do not like Microsoft word.end{document} Ex_1
  • 8. Add Sectionsdocumentclass{article}begin{document}section{Word} label{sec:word} I do not like Microsoft word.section{Latex}label{sec:tex} I like Latex. As meantioned in Section ref{sec:word} I do not like MS Word.end{document} Ex_2
  • 9. Equation Exampledocumentclass{article}begin{document}begin{equation} label{eq:sum}s = sum_{i=1}^{n}x_{i}end{equation}end{document} Ex_3
  • 10. Equation Example (2)documentclass{article}begin{document}begin{equation} label{eq:mean}bar{x} = frac{sum_{i=1}^{n}x_{i}} {n}end{equation}In Equation ref{eq:mean} …end{document} Ex_4
  • 11. Equation Example (3)documentclass{report}begin{document}begin{equation} label{eq:sd}sigma = sqrt{frac{sumlimits_{i=1}^{n} left(x_{i} - bar{x}right)^{2}} {n-1}}end{equation}end{document} Ex_5
  • 12. Document ClassUse different class for your document.documentclass{article}documentclass{book}documentclass{letter}documentclass{report}
  • 13. Report Documentdocumentclass{report}title{Learn Latex}author{A. Lotfi}begin{document}maketitletableofcontentsend{document}
  • 14. Report Document – Include Chaptersdocumentclass{report}title{Learn Latex}author{A. Lotfi}begin{document}maketitletableofcontents include{chapter_1} include{chapter_2} include{chapter_3}end{document}
  • 15. Including ImagesNeed to convert your image graphics into JPGand/or EPS.Need to include an extension package toLaTeX called “graphics” using commandusepackage{graphics}
  • 16. Image Graphics Exampledocumentclass{article}usepackage{graphics} .jpg or .epsbegin{document} Do not specify begin{figure} The extension. includegraphics{MyCat} caption{This is My Cat} label{fig:cat} end{figure}In Figure ref{fig:cat} …end{document} Ex_6
  • 17. Comments in LaTeX To comment a line or a paragraph use:% Ignores the rest of the line Any text after end{document} also will be discarded.
  • 18. Special CharactersUse the character e.g. My_Name.vsd More than 10%Use `` and ‘’ for quotation marks. This is differentfrom “ “. In Latex ``cat’’ should be used to havedouble quote.
  • 19. Making Referencesdocumentclass{article}begin{document} Because we are using symbolic references, e.g., cite{AL} a second pass is necessary.begin{thebibliography}{99}bibitem{AL}A Lotfi, emph{Learn Latex in 30 Minutes}end{thebibliography}end{document} Ex_7
  • 20. Problem with this methodUser is burdened with deciding how to format articletitles, journal names, proceeding referencesDifficult to reuse references in other documents
  • 21. Making References - BibTexdocumentclass{article}begin{document} Because we are using symbolic references, e.g., cite{AL} a second pass is necessary.bibliographystyle{plain}bibliography{mybib}end{document} Ex_8
  • 22. The BibTex Process1. Create a BibTex file with Rerefence entries2. Get a *.bst file (bibliographic style file. IEEE.bst or Springer.bst) • You can use plain, abbrv, unstr or alpha3. “Compile” or “Build” your LaTeX.4. Only references that you actually cited will appear on the list.
  • 24. Sample BibTex Book Entry@BOOK{Press,author=“A. Lotfi",title="Applications and Science in Soft Comuting, Series.",publisher=“Springer",year=2004,}
  • 25. Create BibTex FileFrom RefWorks, export your references in BibTexformat. This is the easiest way of generating yourBIB file.For Harvard system, use Natbib package.
  • 26. Harvard System Use natbib package for Harvard citation style.documentclass{article}usepackage{natbib}bibpunct{(}{)}{;}{a}{,}{,}begin{document}In citet{AL} more details about this item isexplained citep{AL}.bibliographystyle{plainnat}bibliography{mybib}end{document} Ex_9
  • 27. ExamplesDownload a copy of this note and all example filesfrom: http://lotfi.net/latex/Also available: Writing a Scientific Paper in Latex Writing a PhD Thesis in Latex