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John Bankes 1650 – 1719
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John Bankes 1650 – 1719

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  • Elizabeth m Russell m Trevers m Bankes – her family
  • Modern Google Map, showing the approximate locations of John Bankes’ two wharves – Paul’s Wharf & Nine Elms
  • Google Map showing the approximate locations of Bankes’ houses, as per various recordsFrom Left: “The Lottery”, Nine Elms: Paul’s Wharf: Goodman’s Fields: The Mint

John Bankes 1650 – 1719 John Bankes 1650 – 1719 Presentation Transcript

  • John Bankes (abt 1650 – 1719)
    Who? What? When? Where?
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who?Birth
    Evidence :
    10 March 1673 – Freedom Record Haberdashers’ Company – indicates over 21
    09 May 1715 – Marriage Licence Allegation re second marriage states Aged 60
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who?Birth
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? First Marriage
    Wife Elizabeth Atherton
    Marriage date not known
    Evidence:
    Will of John Bankes names deceased wife and other members of her family. Also refers to 8 children
    Poll tax assessment for Castle Baynard ward 1692 lists a wife of John Bankes
    Elizabeth Atherton believed born abt 1640 – Jane Stacey researched in Parish Registers Marsh Baldon, Oxon
    Elizabeth Atherton died pre 1715 (second marriage)
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? Second Marriage
    Wife Elizabeth Trevers
    Previous married name Elizabeth Russell
    She had several children, among whom Elizabeth Russell, m Robert Mitchell, Skinner on 10 Nov 1715 at Holy Trinity Chapel, Knightsbridge – Bankes’ nephew
    Not known when Russell died
    Maiden name unknown
    Marriage Licence Allegation 9 May 1715
    Marriage 12 May 1715 at Holy Trinity Chapel, Knightsbridge
    Elizabeth Russell / Trevers / Bankes died 24th May 1733
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? Second Marriage
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? Death
    Date of death evidenced by Court of Chancery documents 23 March 1719
    Will proved in PCC on 26 April 1720
    Will stipulated burial in Bishop of Winchester’s burial ground, Southwark – near New Park Street Chapel. Known as Deadman’s Place. No records survive
    Barclay’s Brewery later built on burial ground site
    Executors of Will named as John Cartlitch, Goldsmith, and John Hales of the Inner Temple, London
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation
    Was he a Haberdasher?
    Citizen & Haberdasher
    Served Haberdashers’ Company most of his adult life
    Was he a Mercer?
    1986 – Haberdashers’ Company archivist said so
    Was he a merchant?
    1715 Marriage Licence Allegation says so
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation
    City of London Freedom record 1673
    Bankes had served apprenticeship as a Carpenter
    Involved in the rebuilding of the City of London after the Great Fire – a Builder
    Confirmation – business records
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation
    Business documents:
    Notebooks containing accounts 1695-1716
    References to payments to skippers – eg Christian Petersen, Peter Nelson
    Purchases of timber – Mr Furnall, Mr Cooper Chapman
    References to Stock in Goods at Paul’s Wharf & Nine Elms
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation
    Business Premises - Timber Wharves:
    Paul’s Wharf
    Nine Elms – “a yard and docks”
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation
    ©2011 Google Map data ©2011 Tele Atlas
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation
    Bankes’ Business Operations –
    Timber importer
    Property Developer
    Typically he leased land
    Built properties
    Rented properties to tenants
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation
    Bankes owned many properties at various times across London – examples:
    Poultney Street, Windmill Street & Princes Street, Westminster.
    George Yard, parish of St.MaryMatfellon - Whitechapel.
    Great Queen Street, Parish of St.Giles in the Field - Middlesex.
    Rosemary Lane, near the Tower of London
    Harcourt Buildings, The Temple, London
    Mary Gold Alley, Strand
    Goodman’s Fields, East of London
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation
    Rental agreements exist
    Signed by Bankes & tenants
    Some agreements include a description of the property
    We have some lists of Bankes’ tenants and the amount of rent they paid
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation
    Financed by mortgages –
    John Hales, Gentleman of Temple Bar, London
    John Cartlitch, Goldsmith of London
    Lord Lempster
    All appear as creditors in John Bankes’ Accounts
    Hales & Cartlitch named as creditors in Bankes’ will 1716
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Worshipful Company of Haberdashers
    Freedom March 1672/3 by Redemption. Fine paid
    Junior Warden March 1701/2
    Upper Warden 1705 / 6
    Master 1716 / 17
    Court of Assistants – regular attendance at meetings
    Will dated 1716 – Haberdashers’ Company appointed trustees of Bankes’ Charity
    Charity last paid benefits early 1970s
    Bankes commemorated at Haberdashers’ Hall – portrait, roll of Benefactors & landscape of City
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Worshipful Company of Haberdashers
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Religion
    Will leaves bequests to Thomas Ridgeley, Pastor at Three Cranes Meeting House, Fruiterers’ Alley, Thames Street, and the poor of his congregation
    Ridgeley was a well known Puritan preacher (c1667-1734)
    Will leaves bequest to Deacon at Bishop of Winchester’s Burial Ground, where Bankes was to be buried
    Will tells us that Bankes’ first wife and child – Esther – had been buried at Bishop of Winchester’s Burial Ground
    Above evidence points to non-conformist religion
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) Bankes’ Houses
    Paul’s Wharf, London – Residence 1716 when Will made
    The Mint, London
    The Lottery, Nine Elms – wife lived there after Bankes’ death
    Great house at Goodman’s Fields, Bethnal Green
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) –Bankes’ Houses
    ©2011 Google Map data ©2011 Tele Atlas
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – When? Dating Problems
    Birth date
    Only evidence inferred from other sources
    No baptism or birth record traced
    Approx birth date 1650-52 means born in the Interregnum – few records – civil records – few parish registers survive
    Birthplace unknown
    Parents unidentified
    Freedom record – ‘served an Apprentishipp to that trade in the Countrey’ – Where & When?
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – When? Dating Problems
    First marriage date
    Location unknown
    Date unknown
    Atherton family links with Marsh Baldon, Oxfordshire, but no marriage found there
    1692 Tax assessment – Wife & one child. Presumably Elizabeth Atherton
    Evidence suggests marriage between abt 1673 & 1692, probably in London
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) –The Rands
    Bankes had no descendants
    We infer that his father must have died and his mother remarried to Rand
    Rand half siblings are our ancestors –
    John Rand
    Joseph Rand
    Elizabeth Rand m Hopkins
    Anne Rand m Joseph Deane
    Mary Rand m Robert Mitchell
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – An enigma!
    Much known about Bankes’ life in London & business affairs
    Little known about Bankes’ origins & family
    Have researched a number of Bankes families, eg:
    Sir John Bankes of Maidstone, Kent – financier to Charles II
    Edward Bankes, Haberdasher of Cambridgeshire family researched by Pat Dent
    Bankes family of Dorset – Corfe Castle
    No links found to our Bankes
    Apprenticed as tradesman suggests not high born
    Ability to pay Redemption Fee in 1673 suggests reasonable means
  • John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – An enigma!
    Where to look next?