John Bankes (abt 1650 – 1719) Who? What? When? Where?
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who?Birth Evidence : 10 March 1673 – Freedom Record Haberdashers’ Company – indicates over 21 09 May 1715 – Marriage Licence Allegation re second marriage states Aged 60
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who?Birth
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? First Marriage Wife Elizabeth Atherton Marriage date not known Evidence: Will of John Bankes names deceased wife and other members of her family. Also refers to 8 children Poll tax assessment for Castle Baynard ward 1692 lists a wife of John Bankes Elizabeth Atherton believed born abt 1640 – Jane Stacey researched in Parish Registers Marsh Baldon, Oxon Elizabeth Atherton died pre 1715 (second marriage)
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? Second Marriage Wife Elizabeth Trevers Previous married name Elizabeth Russell She had several children, among whom Elizabeth Russell, m Robert Mitchell, Skinner on 10 Nov 1715 at Holy Trinity Chapel, Knightsbridge – Bankes’ nephew Not known when Russell died Maiden name unknown Marriage Licence Allegation 9 May 1715 Marriage 12 May 1715 at Holy Trinity Chapel, Knightsbridge Elizabeth Russell / Trevers / Bankes died 24th May 1733
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? Second Marriage
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? Death Date of death evidenced by Court of Chancery documents 23 March 1719 Will proved in PCC on 26 April 1720 Will stipulated burial in Bishop of Winchester’s burial ground, Southwark – near New Park Street Chapel. Known as Deadman’s Place. No records survive Barclay’s Brewery later built on burial ground site Executors of Will named as John Cartlitch, Goldsmith, and John Hales of the Inner Temple, London
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation Was he a Haberdasher? Citizen & Haberdasher Served Haberdashers’ Company most of his adult life Was he a Mercer? 1986 – Haberdashers’ Company archivist said so Was he a merchant? 1715 Marriage Licence Allegation says so
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation City of London Freedom record 1673 Bankes had served apprenticeship as a Carpenter Involved in the rebuilding of the City of London after the Great Fire – a Builder Confirmation – business records
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation Business documents: Notebooks containing accounts 1695-1716 References to payments to skippers – eg Christian Petersen, Peter Nelson Purchases of timber – Mr Furnall, Mr Cooper Chapman References to Stock in Goods at Paul’s Wharf & Nine Elms
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation Business Premises - Timber Wharves: Paul’s Wharf Nine Elms – “a yard and docks”
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation Bankes’ Business Operations – Timber importer Property Developer Typically he leased land Built properties Rented properties to tenants
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation Bankes owned many properties at various times across London – examples: Poultney Street, Windmill Street & Princes Street, Westminster. George Yard, parish of St.MaryMatfellon - Whitechapel. Great Queen Street, Parish of St.Giles in the Field - Middlesex. Rosemary Lane, near the Tower of London Harcourt Buildings, The Temple, London Mary Gold Alley, Strand Goodman’s Fields, East of London
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation Rental agreements exist Signed by Bankes & tenants Some agreements include a description of the property We have some lists of Bankes’ tenants and the amount of rent they paid
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation Financed by mortgages – John Hales, Gentleman of Temple Bar, London John Cartlitch, Goldsmith of London Lord Lempster All appear as creditors in John Bankes’ Accounts Hales & Cartlitch named as creditors in Bankes’ will 1716
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Worshipful Company of Haberdashers Freedom March 1672/3 by Redemption. Fine paid Junior Warden March 1701/2 Upper Warden 1705 / 6 Master 1716 / 17 Court of Assistants – regular attendance at meetings Will dated 1716 – Haberdashers’ Company appointed trustees of Bankes’ Charity Charity last paid benefits early 1970s Bankes commemorated at Haberdashers’ Hall – portrait, roll of Benefactors & landscape of City
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Worshipful Company of Haberdashers
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Religion Will leaves bequests to Thomas Ridgeley, Pastor at Three Cranes Meeting House, Fruiterers’ Alley, Thames Street, and the poor of his congregation Ridgeley was a well known Puritan preacher (c1667-1734) Will leaves bequest to Deacon at Bishop of Winchester’s Burial Ground, where Bankes was to be buried Will tells us that Bankes’ first wife and child – Esther – had been buried at Bishop of Winchester’s Burial Ground Above evidence points to non-conformist religion
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) Bankes’ Houses Paul’s Wharf, London – Residence 1716 when Will made The Mint, London The Lottery, Nine Elms – wife lived there after Bankes’ death Great house at Goodman’s Fields, Bethnal Green
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – When? Dating Problems Birth date Only evidence inferred from other sources No baptism or birth record traced Approx birth date 1650-52 means born in the Interregnum – few records – civil records – few parish registers survive Birthplace unknown Parents unidentified Freedom record – ‘served an Apprentishipp to that trade in the Countrey’ – Where & When?
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – When? Dating Problems First marriage date Location unknown Date unknown Atherton family links with Marsh Baldon, Oxfordshire, but no marriage found there 1692 Tax assessment – Wife & one child. Presumably Elizabeth Atherton Evidence suggests marriage between abt 1673 & 1692, probably in London
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) –The Rands Bankes had no descendants We infer that his father must have died and his mother remarried to Rand Rand half siblings are our ancestors – John Rand Joseph Rand Elizabeth Rand m Hopkins Anne Rand m Joseph Deane Mary Rand m Robert Mitchell
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – An enigma! Much known about Bankes’ life in London & business affairs Little known about Bankes’ origins & family Have researched a number of Bankes families, eg: Sir John Bankes of Maidstone, Kent – financier to Charles II Edward Bankes, Haberdasher of Cambridgeshire family researched by Pat Dent Bankes family of Dorset – Corfe Castle No links found to our Bankes Apprenticed as tradesman suggests not high born Ability to pay Redemption Fee in 1673 suggests reasonable means
John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – An enigma! Where to look next?