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Na Tui ni Wasaliwa: Viti me taqomaki ka maroroi kina na qio
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Na Tui ni Wasaliwa: Viti me taqomaki ka maroroi kina na qio

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Na Tui ni Wasaliwa: Viti me taqomaki ka maroroi kina na qio …

Na Tui ni Wasaliwa: Viti me taqomaki ka maroroi kina na qio

The King of the Sea: Making Fiji a Shark Sanctuary

https://www.facebook.com/FijiSharkDefenders

Published in: Education

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  • We the people of Fiji have lived in harmony with our environment for centuries. We have had a natural respect for our surroundings and in many parts of Fiji have ancestral gods that link us spiritually to the shark. Today we find ourselves existing in a world that views natural resources very differently to our forefathers. Anything that can be extracted, used and sold usually is, and only after there is nothing left, do we see with hindsight and the knowledge of the consequences we are left with, that perhaps that was a bad idea.With this in mind, we would like a few moments of your time to share some information about sharks. While some of you may not like sharks, some may even fear them – it is important to understand the role that they play in our oceans, on our reefs and to our economy.
  • Imagine a reef that has had no human disturbance whatsoever. There would be a perfect balance of all the varieties of reef animals. Sharks would be in relatively small numbers, but performing a crucial role at the very top of the food chain. The diagram here illustrates proportionally the types of fish that would be found on a pristine reef.When you take sharks out of the environment, it can have a knock on effect throughout the ecosystem. The absence of shark in the marine environment will allow lower predators such as groupers to increase in numbers leading to a reduction in the number of algal (seaweed) feeders such as parrotfish (because they are eaten by groupers) thus making the reef more vulnerable to disturbances that kills corals such as disease and pollution and shifts to algal dominated reefs. This is bad because when the algae is not controlled by the herbivorous fish, it covers the corals that make up the reef.
  • Sharks are different to many species of fish in our waters. They don’t come together and release millions of eggs like groupers. Sharks are more like dolphins, or whales in this way. They wait until they reach maturity from age 7 to sometimes 12 then they mate, get pregnant and give birth to live young or a few eggs. Some species here in Fiji have very specific routines for giving birth. Bull sharks and hammerheads both use the fresh water rivers to give birth to their young. Some use the mangroves for protection.Some evidence also suggests that reef associated sharks may return to the place they were born to give birth to their young, similar to turtles returning to the beach they hatched on to lay their eggs.
  • So, sharks are very important to us here in Fiji. They are culturally significant, worshiped as an ancestral god by some, they help maintain and healthy balance on our reefs and in our oceans, and they also bring significant financial benefits to our tourism industry. While not all of us necessarily like sharks, some may even fear them, we need to appreciate their role in our ocean environment and recognize the need to protect them from unsustainable fishing pressure before its too late.
  • Now that fishing technologies and ranges span every corner of the worlds oceans – there is nowhere to hide. Sharks were initially an unfortunate by-catch.As a result, reported declinesXXXXIn all species?? XXX have been as much as 70-80 percent globally.However, in more recent years, and more worryingly, the outlook for sharks does not look good….. This is because….next slide
  • Sharks are now not only an unfortunate by-catch, they are a targeted species. Targeted not for their meat, but specifically for their fins. To maximize space and profit, fishermen cut off the fins and throw the bodies overboard. As the demand for shark fin increases more and more sharks are being finned and left to suffocate like this on the seabed.
  • Well, the answer is yes. And in large quantities. The following images were taken by Dr Demian Chapman who accompanied the Department of Fisheries enforcement officers on a trip to assess the situation here in Fiji.
  • Fins are purchased by traders from all over Fiji. They are bagged and some are shipped in containers, while others are sent to Nadi each week and loaded in 50KG pallets on the direct flight to Hong Kong from the 6 KNOWN warehouses in Suva. Traders today are only required to apply for an export permit. There is currently no quota for volume of shark fin that can be legally exported.
  • Fins are purchased by traders from all over Fiji. They are bagged and some are shipped in containers, while others are sent to Nadi each week and loaded in 50KG pallets on the direct flight to Hong Kong from the 6 KNOWN warehouses in Suva. Traders today are only required to apply for an export permit. There is currently no quota for volume of shark fin that can be legally exported.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Na Tui ni Wasaliwa:Viti me taqomaki ka maroroi kina na qio 1
    • 2. Sa oti oqo e 400 na milioni na yabaki na nodra bula tu e vuravura na qio. (Ni oti sara e vica na milioni na yabaki era qai sucu mai na Dinosaur, ia era sa mate oti tale yani).
    • 3. Na qio e vakavuna na nodra bula veicurumaki vinaka na i yaubula era bula tu e wasaliwa.
    • 4. Era qai dau vakasucu na qio ni ra sa yacovana yabaki 7 ki na 12 ka ra dauya 1 ki na 10wale ga na luvedra.Kena i balebale ke ra vakamatei koso sa nalutu sara vakatotolo na kedra i wiliwili.
    • 5. DakuwaqaNa keda i sema na i Taukei keina qio ka da kila levu tu,vakabibi na qio o Daukwaqaera veivolekati sara kei na yavusaAi Sokula mai na Yasana Vakaturaga ko Cakaudrove.Era se vakila tu ga e na gauna oqo na kena mana.
    • 6. Yaga ni qio e na Saravanua Levu na saravanua era gade mai Viti me ra mai nunu (12%), sarava na lase se sisili (60%). 96% na daununu  na qio e tiko e na i ka tolu ni ka e saravi. 42% na daununu era mai sarava na qio.Na bisinisi ni sara qio bula e dua na tiki ni saravanua e Viti ka rawa ni kauta mai e bilioni na dola.E veiyabaki e rawata tiko na matanitu e $150+ na milioni na i vakacavacava mai na cakacaka oqo.
    • 7. Na qio bula e ka bibi e Viti• Maroroya me ra bulabula ka veimaliwai vinaka kina na ka bula era tu e wasaliwa • E ka bibi ki na noda i toto vakavanua • E rawa i lavo vakalevu kina o Viti 7
    • 8. Bisinisi ni qoli e vakaleqa vakalevu na bula ni qio - E vakavuna tiko na nodra vakamatei yakayauyau ka yacova sara na 70% ki na 80% e vuravura raraba.Morgan, A.C., 2010.Sharks: The State of the Science, 8Ocean Science Division, Pew Environment Group, Washington, DC
    • 9. Rauta ni 73 na milioni na qio era vakamatei evuravura e na dua na yabaki me baleta ga na volitaki ni tukitukitoa. Na vo ni kena gacagaca e kolotaki tani. Morgan, A.C., 2010. Sharks: The State of the Science, 9 Ocean Science Division, Pew Environment Group, Washington, DC
    • 10. Veika e caka mai na tukitukitoa• Caka me su (soup) – vakabibi e na vakamau vaka-Jaina • Wainimate ni kasi qarisui – vuanikau ni mate tale e so
    • 11. Qio ni Viti 35 vei ira na mataqali qio era58 na mataqali qio e laukune e na tiko voli ga e veibaravi kei nawasawasa e Viti. cakau e Viti, ka ra dau siwatiLevu vei ira e ririkotaki ni rawa me vakalevu maivei ira nara na yali vakadua yani. vakabisinisi ni qoli. Voleka ni Kawaboko Sega ni vakadeitaki Rawa Wasawasa Tiko voli ni leqa vakalevu ga e Viti Lomaleqataki Voleka ni leqa Veitosoyaki vakalevu e noda yasa ni vuravura. (laukune vakalevu e veilase kei na veicakau)
    • 12. Tukutuku levu Ira na dausiwa qio Vica na yabaki sa oti e laurai ni sa veisau sara vakatotolo na i vakarau ni siwa qio me bisinisitaki ki vanua tani. Sa tubu sara vakalevu na kedra i wiliwili.E na i ka 29 ni Maji 2011, a tabaki lo kina e dua na kabani dauvolitaki dri ni cakava tale tiko ga na volitaki tukitukitoa ki vavalagi
    • 13. Ka sa yaco tiko e Viti Tabaki e Suva, 29 Maji, 2011 Kaya e dua na kabani ni dau volitaka tiko i vavalagi e veivula e rauta ni DUA NA TANI (1,000 Kg) dua na vula na tukitukitoa mamaca.
    • 14. So tale na i yaloyalo ni volitaki tukitukitoa Tabaki e Suva, 29 Maji, 2011 Tu o ya mai muri: Sivia e 100 na taga, levu vei ira na dri kei na 35 na taga tukitukitoa ni qio. Tu yani oqo e liu: Vica na i binibini tukitukitoa rauta ni 3,000 dua na i binibini. Rauta ni 9,000 na tukitukitoa, (= 2,250 na qio), kei na 35 na taga
    • 15. Veimataqali Qio e laurai e na volau ni caka tukitukitoa e Viti: Tabaki e Suva, 29 Maji, 2011Qio tukiloa Qio tukivula Qio bulubulu
    • 16. The Fiji Shark Sanctuary Campaign Tokona na sasaga ni Matanitu me vakatabui na vakamate qio e na i yalayala ni qoliqoli nei Viti se na EEZ.Naki ni vunau:• Me mudu vakadua na volitaki ni gacagaca ni qio kei na bisinisi ni qolivi ni ika oqo e Viti.• Me vakalawataki na vakamate qio e na EEZ me taqomaki kina na veimataqali qio kece.
    • 17. Walewale ni vunau• Vakadidike se vei na vanua e laurai vakalevu kina na qio, nodra i tikotiko se vanua era vakaluveni kina.• Soli tukutuku (data) ki na matanitu me vakaukauwataka na sasaga ni nodra maroroi. Vakatetei e na tabana ni tukutuku. Qarai ni veitokoni maivei ira na i liuliu ni vanua,lewenivanua raraba, tabana ni saravanua kei na tabana ni maroroi ni yaubula.
    • 18. Kena vakatetei Tabana ni tukutuku (media),veibose e so kei na tabana ni vuli, talanoa vakaiyaloyalo (posters)
    • 19. Vakatakilakila (logo) ni T-shirts, pepa kabi (stickers) kei na so tale. 30 MinuteDocumentary
    • 20. Vakaitavi e na kena vunautaki e VitiTokona na vakaukauwataki na tabu ni nodra qolivi na qio.Talanoa vakaiyaloyalo (posters) - - - Kerei me va-kabiri e na dua na vanua e laurai levu.Vakauta nomu veitokoni ki na CORAL, PO Box 2558, Govt Bdgs, Suva, se Email hsykes@coral.orgYadudua: www.facebook.com/FijiSharkDefenders
    • 21. Na digidigi e noda Me damaroroya na Qio e Viti