Solutions for Power Systems
Yours respectfully,
Alexander Rasputin,
General Director.
Growing economy makes high demands on energy sector. The new
dyn...
Solutions for Power Systems
ABОUT «PROSOFT-SYSTEMS» COMPANY 4
Electricity metering
ECOM ENTERPRISE SOLUTION for SMART METE...
About «Prosoft-Systems» Company
4
ABОUT «PROSOFT-SYSTEMS» COMPANY
The «Prosoft-Systems» Company develops, manufactures and...
About «Prosoft-Systems» Company
5
The next few basic principles allow us to build successful relationships with our custom...
About «Prosoft-Systems» Company
6
Test Laboratory
Our company has a powerful test laboratory, which provides a high level
...
About «Prosoft-Systems» Company
7
Training Center
Our company spends many resources on updating and expanding of
the propo...
Wide and local area protection and emergency control
Wide Area Protection and Emergency Control Device WAPD
MKPA – Local A...
Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control
10
WIDE AREA PROTECTION AND EMERGENCY CONTROL DEVICE WAPD
Purpose
The...
Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control
11
Software
WAPD software is designed for QNX Neutrino 6.2.1 operatio...
Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control
12
MKPA – local area protection and emergency control system
Technica...
Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control
13
Sample of screen form SignW
Sample of screen form SoftConstructor
...
Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control
14
MKPA-2 – local area protection and emergency control device
Techni...
Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control
15
Organization and principle of operation
MKPA-2 hardware is based o...
Transceiver of relay Protection Signals and Commands AVANT RZSK
Transceiver of PLC Protection Signals AVANT R400
Digital P...
PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation
18
TRANSCEIVER OF RELAY PROTECTION SIGNALS AND COMMANDS AVANT RZ...
PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation
19
Technical data
Configurations
■■ Transceiver of PLC protectio...
PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation
20
TRANSCEIVER OF PLC PROTECTION SIGNALS AVANT R400
Purpose
Used...
PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation
21
Service characteristics
■■ Periodic monitoring of all the fun...
PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation
22
DIGITAL POWER LINE CARRIER DEVICE FOR TRANSMISSION OF RELAY
P...
PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation
23
Number of transmitted commands 8-32
Command transmission time...
Substation automation, telemechanics
ARIS Substation Automation System
Multifunctional Bay Control Unit ARIS C30x
Substati...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
26
ARIS Substation Automation System
The Substation Automation System (SAS) ARIS is d...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
27
The Multifunctional Bay Control Unit ARIS C30X is designed to monitoring and contr...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
28
Feature ARIS C30x
Timestamp precision 1 ms
Accuracy of an effec-
tive value of int...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
29
Digital and analog IO modules
Features ARIS C303 ARIS C302 ARIS C301
Digital input...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
30
Time synchronization
ARIS C30x can synchronize time either from the integrated
GPS...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
31
Local switchgear control
ARIS C30x HMI allows local switchgear control by using of...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
32
The power consumption from primary source by single crate is less than 120 W at no...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
33
Reliability
ARIS C30x was tested and approved, providing the reliable functioning ...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
34
Test Parameter
The degree of hardness testing.
A criterion for the quality of oper...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
35
ARIS-CS-H
A hardware platform of ARIS-CS-H is based on a modular
industrial PC:
■■...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
36
An ARIS-CS kernel provides:
■■ Asynchronous data acquisition and transmission;
■■ ...
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
37
The main purpose of «ARIS-SCADA» is making a better trans-
formation of the acquir...
38
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
RTU ECOM-TM is a modular device targeted to be a part of
the complex substation au...
39
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
RTU ECOM-TM Structure
RTU ECOM-TM has a modular structure.
RTU ECOM-TM contains th...
40
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
ММТ-5
ММТ-2
MMT is supplied in modifications MMT-2 and MMT-5.
MMT-2 is a DIN-rail ...
41
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
REMOTE TELECONTROL MODULE TC4
Purpose
TC4 is designed to provide the telecontrol f...
42
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
Output voltage level DC 24 V
Max. output current 0,3 A
Time resolution 1 ms
Timest...
43
Substation Automation, Telemechanics
Process control system example
SAMPLE ARCHITECTURE OF PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEM
BASED...
registration measurements
TPA-02-PMU – Microprocessor Based Device of Synchronized Phasor
Measurements
Digital Recorder of...
Registration Measurements
46
TPA-02-PMU – Microprocessor Based Device of Synchronized Phasor
Measurements
Purpose
TPA-02-P...
Registration Measurements
47
DIGITAL RECORDER OF ELECTRICAL EMERGENCES RES-3
Purpose
The recorder of electrical emergences...
Registration Measurements
48
Main functions
■■ Collecting information on current and voltage values of the
electrical netw...
Registration Measurements
49
It is possible to store and transmit oscillograms in COMTRADE to the higher levels of the dis...
ECOM ENTERPRISE SOLUTION for SMART METERING and SMART GRIDS
Ecom Enterprise Solution
ECOM-3000
ENERGOSPHERE®
ADVANCED METE...
Electricity Metering
52
The «Prosoft-Systems» company is the developer of the cer-
tified ECOM Enterprise Solution for met...
Electricity Metering
53
Purpose
■■ Metering of electrical power generation, transmission,
distribution and consumption;
■■...
Electricity Metering
54
Basic Specifications of ECOM-3000
ECOM-3000
ECOM-3000 is a modular industrial controller. Its func...
Electricity Metering
55
The List of Supported Devices
ECOM Enterprise Solution allows building the systems of any complexi...
Electricity Metering
56
ENERGOSPHERE®
Energosphere®
is a software platform to build a various types of measuring systems –...
Electricity Metering
57
Energosphere®
Energosphere®
application is a end-user interface. It allows:
■■ Navigating through ...
Solutions for power systems
Solutions for power systems
Solutions for power systems
Solutions for power systems
Solutions for power systems
Solutions for power systems
Solutions for power systems
Solutions for power systems
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Solutions for power systems

577

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
577
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Solutions for power systems

  1. 1. Solutions for Power Systems
  2. 2. Yours respectfully, Alexander Rasputin, General Director. Growing economy makes high demands on energy sector. The new dynamic power transmission systems are highly required. Energy systems should be provided with the highest transfer capacity and reliability mar- gin. But there's also a necessity to eliminate the effective usage of existing transmitting lines and to find the possibilities of interaction with adjacent systems. All these requirements are related in the first place to those who are responsible for transmission network status and energy management. Both the new technologies and traditional methods of energy transmission are expected to give an answer to the main question: how can we in the 21st century guarantee the stability of energy systems and provide uninterrupt- ible power flow from the producer to the customer? Engineering Company «Prosoft-Systems» offers solutions for automatization of energy facilities, which have already proved their efficiency at the Russian and International enterprises.
  3. 3. Solutions for Power Systems ABОUT «PROSOFT-SYSTEMS» COMPANY 4 Electricity metering ECOM ENTERPRISE SOLUTION for SMART METERING and SMART GRIDS Ecom Enterprise Solution ECOM-3000 ENERGOSPHERE® ADVANCED METERING INFRASTRUCTURE ECOM FOR POWER GENERATING COMPANIES 58 53 54 56 52 Substation automation, telemechanics ARIS Substation Automation System Multifunctional Bay Control Unit ARIS C30x Substation Communication Controller ARIS CS Substation Configuration Tool «ARIS MANAGER» «ARIS-SCADA» MULTIFUNCTION SUBSTATION AUTOMATION MODULE RTU ECOM-TM Multifunctional Telecontrol Module ММТ RTU ECOM-TM Expansion Modules Third Party Measuring Converters MMT Redundancy and Self-Testing Sample Architecture of Process Control System Based on RTU ECOM-TM 26 38 28 34 36 37 40 40 42 42 43 registration measurements TPA-02-PMU – Microprocessor Based Device of Synchronized Phasor Measurements Digital Recorder of Electrical Emergences RES-3 46 47 PLC DEVICES FOR RELAY PROTECTION AND EMERGENCY AUTOMATION Transceiver of Relay Protection Signals and Commands AVANT RZSK Transceiver of PLC Protection Signals AVANT R400 Digital Power Line Carrier Device for Transmission of Relay Protection and Emergency Automation Commands UPK-C UPK-C CABINET – Complex Solution for Transmission and Execution of Relay Protection and Emergency Automation Commands 18 20 22 23 WIDE AND LOCAL AREA PROTECTION AND EMERGENCY CONTROL Wide Area Protection and Emergency Control Device WAPD MKPA – Local Area Protection and Emergency Control System MKPA-2 – Local Area Protection and Emergency Control Device 10 12 14
  4. 4. About «Prosoft-Systems» Company 4 ABОUT «PROSOFT-SYSTEMS» COMPANY The «Prosoft-Systems» Company develops, manufactures and supplies the devices and automation systems for energy, oil, gas, metallurgy and other businesses. The «Prosoft-Systems» Company employs more than 400 highly-skilled engineers. Many of them have M.Sc and Ph.D degrees. Our company was found in 1995. The great experience, obtained during the years of successful activity on Russian market, allows us to renew the whole set of releasing products. The great attention is paying not just to developing of the new products and to implementa- tion of the innovative technologies, but to increasing of them quality as well. The main goal of the company is providing of our customers with high level products and services. We are investing much funds into development of our production and test facilities, which became the best in our region today. The companies, we are working with, cre- ate a basis of economic potential of Russia. It means that the delivered equipment needs to satisfy the rigid reliability requirements. Our products satisfy to all of them. Quality Management System of our company is fully compliant with the requirements of international standard ISO 9001:2008. This is confirmed by the DEKRA Certification B.V. Certificate (KEMA was integrated into the leading europe safety expertise concern DEKRA in 2009). Quality Management Systems Membership in International Organizations «Prosoft-Systems» is an actual member of many of international organizations supporting the open technology standards. Among them are: ■■ International Council on Large Electric Systems (CIGRE) – a one of the leading worldwide Organizations on Electric Power Systems, covering their technical, economic, environmental, organisational and regulatory aspects; ■■ OLE for Process Control Foundation (OPC Foundation), which is dedicated to ensuring interoperability in automation by creating and maintaining open specifications that standardize the communication of acquired process data, alarm and event records, historical data, and batch data to multi-vendor enterprise systems and between production devices; ■■ Utility Communications Architecture Users Group (UCA Users Group) – a not-for-profit corporation consisting of utility user and supplier companies that is dedicated to promoting the integration and interoperability of electric/gas/water utility systems through the use of international standards-based technology; ■■ The EtherCAT Technology Group (ETG) is the forum in which key user companies from various industries and leading automation suppliers join forces to support, promote and advance the EtherCAT technology; ■■ Prosoft-Systems is the official member of the Schneider Electric company's club – Golden Club Prisma.
  5. 5. About «Prosoft-Systems» Company 5 The next few basic principles allow us to build successful relationships with our customers: ■■ We provide a complex approach to solving tasks in industry. Our approach incorporates the full range of services during systems’ lifecycle. ■■ We propose the well tested and reliable hardware and software solutions only. ■■ We attract the opportunities of customers own technical services to implement our projects. Corporate principles of customer relationship management ■■ FSK EES, Russia. Federal Grid Company is the operator and manager of Russia’s unified electricity transmission grid system, including high voltage transmission lines, and holds the status of a natural monopoly; ■■ RusHydro, Russia. RusHydro Group is one of Russia's largest power generating companies in terms of installed capacity. Тhe Company has over 70 renewable energy source (RES) plants; ■■ Heat generating companies at wholesale market (OGK), Russia; ■■ Regional generating companies (TGK), Russia; ■■ RAO Energy System of East, Russia. RAO Energy System of East (JSC «RAO ESE») is holding, operating in all regions of the Far East Federal District and follows the majority of the rights and obligations of JSC «RAO UES of Russia» in relation to the electric-power industry of the Far East; ■■ IDGC Holding, Russia. IDGC Holding is currently one of the world’s largest electric grid companies in terms of the number of customers and the length of networks with voltages of up to 110 kV. JSC IDGC Holding is also one of the most important infrastructural companies in Russia, is controlled by the Government, and acts as the Government’s agent to manage the Russian electricity distribution grid sector; ■■ Gazprom, Russia. Gazprom is a global energy company basically focused on geological exploration, production, transportation, storage, processing and marketing of gas and other hydrocarbons as well as electric power and heat energy production and distribution; The products and systems from «Prosoft-Systems» are widely used in Russia and in the CIS countries. The most valuable of our customers are: ■■ LUKOIL, Russia. LUKOIL is one of the world's biggest vertically integrated companies for production of crude oil & gas, and their refining into petroleum products and petrochemicals. The Company is a leader on Russian and international markets in its core business; ■■ TRANSNEFT, Russia. TRANSNEFT is a huge company, focused on transportation of oil and oil products through the magistral pipelines of Russian Federation and countries of CIS; ■■ Belenergo, Belarus. Belenergo – Federal power concern of Republic of Belarus, operating the functions of management the electric-power complex of Republic of Belarus; ■■ Ukrenergo, Ukraina. Ukrenergo – Federal power concern of Ukraine, operating the functions of management the electric-power complex of Republic of Ukraine; ■■ KEGOC, Kazakhstan. KEGOC – Federal power concern of Kazakhstan, operating the functions of management the electric-power complex of Republic of Kazakhstan; ■■ AzerEnergy, Azerbyidjan. AzerEnergy– Federal power concern of Azerbyidjan, operating the functions of management the electric-power complex of Republic of Azerbyidjan. And other big power and industrial holdings of Russian Federation and countries of CSI. The short list of implementations is displayed on the official company site www.prosoftsystems.ru
  6. 6. About «Prosoft-Systems» Company 6 Test Laboratory Our company has a powerful test laboratory, which provides a high level testing of the released products. The laboratory performs certification, periodical, typical, qualification and research tests of products on the main factors of external influences, which are established by national and international standards and by utility supervis- ing documents regarded to electromagnetic compatibility, environment factors and electric safety. The laboratory includes: ■■ EMC testing facility; ■■ Environment testing facility. The environment testing equipment allows providing tests in the range of temperatures from -60 °C to +160 °C with relative humidity up to 98 % (for positive temperatures) and within volume up to 14 m3 . The test laboratory is accredited by Federal Agency on Technical Regula- tion and Metrology. Manufacturing facilities Our manufacturing facility covers the full production cycle and includes the wide set of possibilities: ■■ From making of simple devices to production of complex electrotechnic/ electric equipment; ■■ From processing of single unit orders to the orders for large series of units. Now our company produces more then 50 series of devices with the wide set of options for each of them. The growing technical possibilities and profes- sional skills of production team create a good conditions for shifting higher a manufacturing flexibility and spreading the set of released devices. Our manufacturing facility includes: ■■ Design department; ■■ Machine shop; ■■ PCB installation shop; ■■ Two assembly shops; ■■ Adjustment and testing shops; ■■ Group of technical checking. Control of manufacturing technological processes and careful checking of every releasing device for compliance to operating parameters provide a high quality and reliability of our products. High quality of finished products is also guaranteed by using the compo- nents from top brand manufacturers. On our own stock we keep on permanent availability of all the necessary components and devices.
  7. 7. About «Prosoft-Systems» Company 7 Training Center Our company spends many resources on updating and expanding of the proposed set of products, components and services to fully satisfy customer needs. We provide to our customers an advanced Training Center to help them become more familiar with the last achievements of the utility automation technology and to get an extra skills in installation and setup of our products. The training courses are built as the series of lectures which are alternated with the practical works. The work desks are equipped with the running devices and are connected to the hardware solutions which are actually installed at our customers’ facilities. High professional skills and a huge practical experience of our specialists allow highlighting the entire set of problems, regarded to usage of our equipment. Every course schedule includes a time dedicated to independent work and solving the technical tasks which are specific to student’s company. The stu- dent also gets the general information which describes the different directions of the modern automation technology development. The most important thing, which the students obtain during the training course studies, is the possibility to work with the modern hardware and soft- ware and to study the methodology of its practical usage.
  8. 8. Wide and local area protection and emergency control Wide Area Protection and Emergency Control Device WAPD MKPA – Local Area Protection and Emergency Control System MKPA-2 – Local Area Protection and Emergency Control Device 10 12 14
  9. 9. Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control 10 WIDE AREA PROTECTION AND EMERGENCY CONTROL DEVICE WAPD Purpose The wide area protection and emergency control device was designed for: ■■ Automation for preventing a power system stability loss (including load shedding); ■■ Automatic control of power station generator rejection; ■■ Automatic control of power station generator runback; ■■ Automation of power station generator runback in response to under frequency situation; ■■ Automation for preventing the increase of frequency in station/substation buses. Construction and principle of operation WAPD consists of two identical subsets operating in parallel simultaneously. Both subsets are placed in a cabinet allowing a double-sided access. Each WAPD subset includes a programmable logic controller (PLC) and a process interface (PI), and is equipped with control and display unit. The PLC acts to control the power system process, communi- cations, signaling, etc. Process interface is capable to input various types of data into the PLC, including: ■■ Analog signals in accordance with the «E» series of power meters; ■■ Discrete signals of the «dry contact» type; ■■ Digital signals from telemechanic devices, using: – Russian legacy telemechanic protocols (an appropriate converter is needed); – IEC-60870-5-104 protocol; – Modbus protocol (an appropriate converter is needed). Process interface is capable to produce control actions in the form of discrete signals of «dry contact» type. Main functions ■■ Input and processing of pre-emergency data; ■■ Selection (calculation) of control actions for the «local automation» mode of operation to prevent power system stability loss; ■■ Operation in the «remote controller» mode in the Centralized Emergency Automation System (CEAS) (the RC-mode); ■■ Periodical self monitoring; ■■ Humane-Machine interface (workstation based on personal computer); ■■ Information exchange between CEAS server; ■■ Interface to the automation control system of power station or substation; ■■ Alarm-warning signaling; ■■ Recording the emergency situations and events; ■■ Unauthorized access protection. The amount of input analog signals, per each subset up to 32 The amount of input discrete signals about pre-emergency conditions, per each subset up to 72 The amount of emergency input discrete signals, per each subset up to 72 Supply voltage for discrete input signals 48 or 220 V DC The amount of control actions, per each subset up to 71 The input analog signal range (by request) 4-20 mA, - 5..+ 5 mA, 0-5 mA Full-scale accuracy for analog signals ≤ 0,5 % Device response time ≤ 20 мs The time of calculation cycle for the table of control actions ≤ 3 s The amount of ports for connecting telemechanic devices, per each subset up to 8 The amount of ports for IEC 870-5-104 protocol inputs up to 32 MTBF of replacement unit ≥ 100 000 hr Mean recovery time (replacement of unit) 1 hr Nominal supply voltage range of the device 220 V (+ 10 %, - 20 %) AC or DC Total power consumption of subsets ≤ 160 W The overall dimensions of the cabinet (two subsets) 2200х1200х600 mm Basic technical data
  10. 10. Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control 11 Software WAPD software is designed for QNX Neutrino 6.2.1 operation system. The workstation software is designed for Windows operation system and allows to: ■■ Monitor the operation of WAPD; ■■ Control the states of power line, circuit breakers and other grid elements. These states are the source data for calcula- tions; ■■ Get reports about emergency response from WAPD; ■■ Receive information on faults and various events in WAPD. The workstation’s desktop can be adjusted. The information can be represented in the form of a symbolic circuit or data pan- els. Samples of screen form
  11. 11. Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control 12 MKPA – local area protection and emergency control system Technical Specifications Analog inputs number 32 Analog input sampling rate 2 kHz (40 sample/circle) Logic inputs number* from 24 to 120 Logic outputs number* from 24 to 120 ADC capacity 16 Measuring accuracy ± 0,5 % Maximum measuring current 2 A or 10 А Maximum measuring voltage 200 V or 400 V Supply voltage 220 V Power consumption < 350 W Period of safety work < 50 000 hr Electronic block dimensions 482х457х267 mm Terminals block dimensions 500х200х120 mm Cabinet dimensions** 800x600x2200 mm * Total discrete channels quantity mast be less then 144 (both input and output). ** Cabinet dimensions are 800х600х2200 mm if this have glass door. Purpose MKPA is flex logic relay protection and automatic device for high and extra high voltage networks. MKPA has been designed to control, protect and monitor optional elements of electrical network. Main functions ■■ Out-of-step protection; ■■ Frequency protection; ■■ Over voltage protection; ■■ Under voltage protection; ■■ Extra high voltage reactor control automatic; ■■ Overcurrent line protection and line power control automatic; ■■ Line commutation control automatic; ■■ Power transformer commutation control automatic; ■■ Circuit-breaker failure protection; ■■ Turn short circuit protection for transformer; ■■ Voltage circuit control automatic; ■■ Generator switch off automatic; ■■ Short circuit power fall detection; ■■ Any other protection or automatic function. Features ■■ Wide diapason ready project solutions; ■■ Several protection and automatic function on single device; ■■ Deep disturbance registration; ■■ Advanced self testing; ■■ Local and remote control (Device control panel and program for remote control); ■■ Advanced flex logic; ■■ Multiprocessor architecture and vote output circuit; ■■ Industrial design; ■■ SCADA support by OPC DA, IEC 60870-5-104, IEC 61850.
  12. 12. Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control 13 Sample of screen form SignW Sample of screen form SoftConstructor Organization and principle of operation MKPA hardware is based on x86 architecture in industrial execution. MKPA can be made as 3-processor device with output vote circuit 2 from 3. Each MKPA protection or automatic function realized as group of flex logic algorithms that placed in the device. Algorithms use the data that was calculated by analog and discrete acquired values. Any algorithm detecting power network emergency state cause MKPA trip and start disturbance recorder. Remained after MKPA trip record save with its time stamp in nonvolatile storage. Information about trip puts to MKPA run-time journal. Alarm sig- nal about MKPA trip sends to remote control program SignW. Software MKPA software consist of controller software that work on device, remote control program SignW that set on personal desk- top and flax logic software development kid SoftConstructor. SignW program permit do following operations: remote configuration of MKPA, saved disturbance analyze, view currently measured signals of MKPA. SoftConstructor SDK is design for flex logic algorithms cre- ation, editing and checkout. SoftConstructor based of FBD (Func- tion Block Diagram) language and conform to IEC 61131-3. It were overworked software modules that permit interconnec- tion MKPA and SCADA system by one of following protocols: OPC DA, IEC 60870-5-104, IEC 61850. For time synchronization with SCADA system MKPA use ICMP and NTP protocols.
  13. 13. Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control 14 MKPA-2 – local area protection and emergency control device Technical Specifications Purpose MKPA-2 is flex logic relay protection and automatic device for high and extra high voltage networks. Main functions MKPA-2 has been designed to control, protect and monitor optional elements of electrical network and realize next relay pro- tection and automatic functions: ■■ Out-of-step protection; ■■ Frequency protection; ■■ Over voltage protection; ■■ Under voltage protection; ■■ Extra high voltage reactor control automatic; ■■ Overcurrent line protection and line power control automatic; ■■ Line commutation control automatic; ■■ Power transformer commutation control automatic; ■■ Circuit-breaker failure protection; ■■ Turn short circuit protection for transformer; ■■ Voltage circuit control automatic; ■■ Generator switch off automatic; ■■ Short circuit power fall detection; ■■ Any other protection or automatic function. Input analog channels number 8 Analog channel sampling rate 2 kHz (40 sample/circle) Input discrete channels number* 11, 23, 35 Output discrete channels number* 34, 22, 10 ADC capacity 16 Analog signal measuring accuracy ± 0,5 % Maximum alternated current** 1, 5, 10, 20 A Maximum alternated voltage** 100, 200, 500 V Maximum constant current** ± 5, ± 20, ± 75, ± 150 mA Maximum constant voltage** ± 20, ± 75, ± 150 mV Supply voltage 220 V (ac or dc) Power consumption < 150 W Period of safety work (mean time between failures) < 100000 hr Device dimensions 482.6x422x132 mm Weight 15 kg * Total discrete channels quantity mast be less then 45 (both input and output). ** Measuring thresholds are set for each MKPA-2 device separately. Features ■■ Wide diapason ready project solutions; ■■ Several protection and automatic function on single device; ■■ Deep disturbance registration; ■■ Advanced self testing; ■■ Local and remote control (Device control panel and program for remote control); ■■ Advanced flex logic; ■■ Industrial design; ■■ SCADA support by OPC DA, IEC 60870-5-104, IEC 61850.
  14. 14. Wide and Local Area Protection and Emergency Control 15 Organization and principle of operation MKPA-2 hardware is based on single processor x86 architec- ture in industrial execution. Each MKPA protection or automatic function realized as group of flex logic algorithms that placed in the device. Algorithms use the data that was calculated by ana- log and discrete acquired values. Any algorithm detecting power network emergency state cause MKPA-2 trip and start distur- bance recorder. Remained after MKPA-2 trip record save with its time stamp in nonvolatile storage. Information about trip puts to MKPA-2 run-time journal. Alarm signal about MKPA-2 trip sends to remote control program SignW. Software MKPA-2 software consist of controller software that work on device, remote control program SignW that set on personal desk- top and flax logic software development kid SoftConstructor. SignW program permit do following operations: remote con- figuration of MKPA-2, saved disturbance analyze, view currently measured signals of MKPA-2. SoftConstructor SDK is design for flex logic algorithms cre- ation, editing and checkout. SoftConstructor based of FBD (Func- tion Block Diagram) language and conform to IEC 61131-3. It was overworked software modules that permit interconnec- tion MKPA-2 and SCADA system by one of following protocols: OPC DA, IEC 60870-5-104, IEC 61850. For time synchronization with SCADA system MKPA-2 use ICMP and NTP protocols. Sample of screen form SignW Sample of screen form SoftConstructor
  15. 15. Transceiver of relay Protection Signals and Commands AVANT RZSK Transceiver of PLC Protection Signals AVANT R400 Digital Power Line Carrier Device for Transmission of Relay Protection and Emergency Automation Commands UPK-C UPK-C CABINET – Complex Solution for Transmission and Execution of Relay Protection and Emergency Automation Commands 18 20 22 23 PLC devices for relay protection and emergency automation
  16. 16. PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation 18 TRANSCEIVER OF RELAY PROTECTION SIGNALS AND COMMANDS AVANT RZSK Characteristic features ■■ Principle of joint transmission and reception of PLC protection signals and discrete commands, which uses frequency-encoding with frequency-shift keying, is protected by Russian patent for invention. ■■ For signal transmission in each direction a separate frequency band is used. The 2 bands of 2 kHz are located adjacent to each other. Resultant bandwidth is 4 kHz for 2-end lines, and 8 kHz for 3-end lines. ■■ Real-time monitoring of instant fade margin (the difference between received signal level and receiver sensitivity treshold). ■■ In the phase-comparison protection mode the compensation of signal transmission time is possible for the purpose of phase unbalance elimination. ■■ In the phase-comparison protection mode the setting of a steady-state value of pulse overlapping within the whole range of manipulation input voltage is possible. ■■ Complete symmetry of pulse front and drop at transmission from own and remote transmitter in the mode of phase- comparison protection. Functionality ■■ Transmission and reception of relay protection signals and commands through 2-end and 3-end lines. ■■ Transmission of protection signals and commands can be executed either separately or simultaneously. ■■ It can transmit up to 4 commands in each direction of channel. ■■ It can be used as a transceiver of either only protection signals or only commands. If the latter is the case, it can transmit up to 8 commands in each direction. ■■ Interfaces, PLC parameters, electromagnetic compatibility and noise immunity during transmission of protection signals and commands comply with all the requirements to teleprotection equipment of power systems. ■■ There is a half-duplex service telecommunication between the ends of protected line in the period of PLC channel checkout. AVANT RZSK can be used together with all existing types of protection equipment, based on: ■■ Electromechanical relays. ■■ Semiconductor element base. ■■ Microprocessor-based terminals. Purpose Used for transmission of PLC protection signals and discrete commands through power line carrier links of 110-750 kV. Service characteristics ■■ Periodic monitoring of all the functional assemblies operability. ■■ Recording of all the events to nonvolatile memory with discreteness of 1 ms. ■■ Overview of equipment events log, as well as setting of operating conditions and transceiver parameters from front panel keyboard, PC or through local information network. ■■ Synchronization of transceiver clock via PLC channel. ■■ Service communication channel between the ends of protected line. ■■ Test modes for monitoring of communication channels and setting of PLC protection parameters. Resolution of Public Corporation «Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy System» Transceiver AVANT RZSK is certified and recommended for use in electric power grids of Public Corporation «Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy System» and Public Corporation «Holding IDGC» in November 2011. Certificates Certificate of conformity of transceiver of relay protection signals and commands AVANT RZSK (production model) with the require- ments of normative documents РОСС RU.АЯ55.Н06194 No. 0175749, issued by Federal agency of technical regulation and metrology. Application ■■ Transmission of PLC protection signals. ■■ Transmission of relay protection and emergency automation commands (Command type teleprotection equipment). ■■ Transmission of permissive protection commands of backup protection in addition to main protection signals. ■■ Additional use of main protection channel for transmission of emergency automation commands (Special Power Disconnection Automation, Actuator Fault Control Device, Asynchronous Mode Elimination Automation, Automatic Recloser, Automatic frequency Unloading, etc.) ■■ Backup of main protections at double-circuit lines with cross transmission of permissive signals (commands) through bypass channels. ■■ Backup of relay protection commands transmitted through channels of command type teleprotection equipment. ■■ On 3-end lines with each (or only 2 of them) having the protection equipment and transmission of intertripping signals from a tee off substation and to it.
  17. 17. PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation 19 Technical data Configurations ■■ Transceiver of PLC protections. ■■ Transceiver of PLC protections and 4 commands through 2-end lines, in both directions. ■■ Transceiver of PLC protections and 4 commands through 3-end lines, in every direction. ■■ Transceiver of 8 commands through 2-end lines, in both directions. ■■ Transceiver of 8 commands through 3-end lines, in every direction. ■■ Only transmitter or only receiver of 8 commands, as a direct equivalent of high-frequency intertripping devices or other command type teleprotection equipment. The choice of appropriate version is executed on the stage of design and order. HF channel Working frequency range 20-1000 kHz Nominal bandwidth in case of 2-end line 4 kHz Nominal bandwidth in case of 3-end line 8 kHz Nominal level of protection signals and commands at the output of transmitter in the ranges of: 24 – 300 kHz 300 – 600 kHz 600 – 1000 kHz 46 dBm (40 W) 45 dBm (32 W) 43 dBm (20 W) Level of guard signal transmission is lower than level of PLC protection and commands transmission by 12 dB Nominal output impedance 75; 150 Ohm Maximum sensitivity of relay protection receiver minus 15 dBm Maximum sensitivity of commands receiver minus 20 dBm Protection interface Contact activation 24 V Inertialess activation 5-100 V Logic activation 15/2 V Shutdown 24 V Manipulation voltage 5-130 V Output current 0/20 mA Output voltage 15/1 V Command interface Nominal value of direct control voltage 220 V; 110 V Control voltage tolerance + 10 %; - 20 % Duration of command sending 30-100 ms and tracking Delay according to return of accepted command 0-1000 ms Switching capacity of receiver outputs 250 V; 0,5 A Nominal time of command transmission in case of blocking protection 22 ms Nominal time of command transmission in case of phase-comparison protection 22-28 ms False command receipt probability less 10-6 Command missing probability less 10-4 Power supply DC voltage 220 V; 110 V Power consumption 120 W Electromagnetic compatibility In concordance with the standard State Standard of Russia 51317.6.5-2006 Climatic conditions Operating temperature range 0 °C – + 45 °C Overall dimensions WxHxD 482x275x370 mm
  18. 18. PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation 20 TRANSCEIVER OF PLC PROTECTION SIGNALS AVANT R400 Purpose Used for transmission and reception of PLC protection signals through power line carrier links of 35-1150 kV. Transceiver AVANT R400 ensures: ■■ Transmission and reception of relay protection signals and commands through 2-end and 3-end lines. ■■ Half-duplex service telecommunication between the ends of protected line in the period of PLC channel checkout. ■■ Functions of service device for relay protection equipment adjusting. Technical data Working frequency range 24-1000 kHz Nominal bandwidth 4 kHz Nominal transmit output power (envelope peak value), not less – within the frequency range of 24-600 kHz – within the frequency range of 600-1000 kHz 46 dBm 43 dBm receiver sensitivity treshold minus 16 dBm Compensation range of relay protection signal propagation delay through the line 0-18 grad Pulse overlapping range in the mode of phase-comparison protection 18-54 grad Supply voltage (direct) 176... 242 V Power consumption, not more 120 W Overall dimensions 490x340x280 mm Weight 12 kg AVANT R400 can be used together with all the existing types of protection equipment, based on: ■■ Electromechanical relays. ■■ Semiconductor element base. ■■ Microprocessor-based terminals. ■■ Compatibility with other PLC protection transceivers, such as: PVZ-90,AVZK-80, PVZU-E, etc. Characteristic features ■■ Relay protection signal is generated on separated frequencies of transmission and reception within the band of 4 kHz, which lets to fully eliminate the influence of return signals. ■■ Real-time monitoring of instant fade margin (the difference between received signal level and receiver sensitivity treshold). ■■ Function of time compensation of signal transmission through the line in the mode of phase-comparison protection for the purpose of phase unbalance elimination. ■■ Setting of steady-state value of pulse overlapping in the mode of phase-comparison protection within the whole range of manipulation input voltage. ■■ Complete symmetry of front and drop of pulse at reception from own and remote transmitter in the mode of phase- comparison protection.
  19. 19. PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation 21 Service characteristics ■■ Periodic monitoring of all the functional assemblies operability. ■■ Recording of all the events to nonvolatile memory with discreteness of 1 ms. ■■ Overview of equipment events log, as well as setting of operating conditions and parameters of transceiver from front panel keyboard, PC or through local information network. ■■ Synchronization of transceiver clock via PLC channel ■■ Service communication channel between the ends of protected line. ■■ Test modes for monitoring of communication channels and setting of PLC protection parameters. Configurations Transceiver AVANT R400 of different configurations ensures: ■■ Transmission and reception of PLC protection signals through 2-end and 3-end lines. ■■ PLC protection signal transmission in the mode of compatibility with other types of PLC protection signal transceivers (PVZ-90,AVZK-80, PVZU-E, etc.) – on special order. The choice of appropriate configuration is executed on the stage of design and order. Resolution of Public Corporation «Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy System» According to the conclusion decision of certification commission of Public Corporation «Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy System» PLC protection signals transceiver AVANT R400 meets the requirements of Public Corporation «Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy System» and is allowed for use on the objects of Public Corporation «Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy System». Certificates ■■ Certificate of conformity of PLC protection signals transceiver AVANT R400 (production model) with the requirements of normative documents of РОСС RU.МЕ27.Н01997 No. 0175496, issued by Federal agency of technical regulation and metrology. ■■ Certificate of conformity of PLC protection signals transceiver AVANT R400 with the requirements of normative documents of РОСС RU.МЕ27.Н01997 No. 0175496, issued by facultative certification system GAZPROMCERT.
  20. 20. PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation 22 DIGITAL POWER LINE CARRIER DEVICE FOR TRANSMISSION OF RELAY PROTECTION AND EMERGENCY AUTOMATION COMMANDS UPK-C Communication channel ■■ PLC links of 35-1150 kV. ■■ Optical fibre. ■■ Low-frequency channel. Purpose Used for transmission of relay protection and emergency au- tomation commands. Resolution of Public Corporation «Federal Grid Com- pany of Unified Energy System» According to the resolution of certification commission of Public Corporation «Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy Sys- tem» UPK-C meets the requirements to communication equipment for transmission of relay protection and emergency automation command signals of Public Corporation «Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy System», and can be used in power grids of 35-1150 kV. Certificates Certificate of conformity of device for transmission of com- mands through PLC channel UPK-C (production model) with the requirements of normative documents of РОСС RU.МЕ27.Н01790 No. 892817, issued by Federal agency of technical regulation and metrology. Characteristic features ■■ 32 commands are formed in group signal within the band of 4 kHz by parallel two-frequency code, which substantially improves transmission channel noise immunity and reliability of transmitted information. ■■ Possibility of allocation of one UPK-C channel input band adjacent to transmission band of the other UPK-C channel on the same phase. ■■ Function of selective relaying of transit commands by analog or digital method. ■■ Telemechanics signal transmission at the rate of 200 baud regardless of command transmission. ■■ Permanent monitoring of PLC channel (monitoring of fade margin) by means of periodic sending of decaying test signals in transmitter and evaluation of the fade margin with pitch of 2 dB. Wherein the warning alarm is activated by either input signal level decrease or channel noise level increase. ■■ Permanent control of all units and blocks from transmitter command input circuits to receiver command output relay contacts. ■■ Information of start and end of transmitted commands and alert condition, as well as current values of guard signal rate and fade margin in receiver is displayed on a four line LCD display from a nonvolatile events log. ■■ Remote access to receiver and transmitter events log through interface RS485. ■■ Synchronization of transceiver clock with transmitter clock accurate within 2 ms. ■■ Digital interface for connection to energy object local information network. ■■ Function of joint operation with receivers or transmitters of other types such as: ANKA-AVPA, AKPA-V, VChTO-M, AKA Kedr. ■■ Possibility of joint operation of two complete sets of UPK-C tuned on the same bandwidth of 4 kHz but using different sets of frequency codes to transmit up to 64 commands in one direction. The command type teleprotection equipment is the most ad- vanced PLC protection and emergency automation commands transmission equipment thanks to the use of signal processors and original algorithms of digital signal processing. Considerable attention has been given to meet the require- ments of noise immunity, electromagnetic compatibility and elec- tric strength of the equipment under the relevant State Standards and IEC. UPK-C equipment has been used in power grids of Russia and the near abroad since 2004.
  21. 21. PLC Devices for Relay Protection and Emergency Automation 23 Number of transmitted commands 8-32 Command transmission time 22 ms Working frequency range in case of 30-15 W transmitter output 24-1000 kHz Minimal working signal to noise ratio - 2 dB Threshold of receiver sensitivity - 28 dBm Dynamic range of input signal change 50 dB Probability of false command reception in case of guard signal failure, not more 0,000001 Probability of reliable command skipping, not more 0,001 Accuracy of time measurement of start and end of command propagation 2 ms Supply voltage of DC or AC source 90-270 V Power consumption of transmitter/receiver 70/25 W Overall dimensions of half-set 490x340x280 mm Weight – case – cabinet 10/9 kg 220 kg UPK-C CABINET – COMPLEX SOLUTION FOR TRANSMISSION AND EXECUTION OF RELAY PROTECTION AND EMERGENCY AUTOMATION COMMANDS Technical data Composition UPK-C Cabinet consists of: UPK-C transmitter and receiver of different PLC channels, mounting relay panels circuit, alarm system and power supply. Functionality ■■ Concordance of UPK-C transmitter and receiver external circuits with traditional substation secondary circuits. ■■ Function of command breaking without equipment cutoff. ■■ Each transmitter command input circuit can be simultaneously controlled by several external circuits. ■■ Receiver command output circuits can commute up to five independent circuits by means of dry relay contact closing. ■■ The cabinet includes built-in signal circuits with light- emitting indication. ■■ Cabinet structure and circuit can be designed individually. Application of up-to-date components of reliable well-known manufacturers provides high reliability and stability of the equip- ment. Since 2008 typical UPK-C cabinet is produced with dimen- sions of 600x800x2200 mm, double-level doors at the front and a pair of wing doors at the back.
  22. 22. Substation automation, telemechanics ARIS Substation Automation System Multifunctional Bay Control Unit ARIS C30x Substation Communication Controller ARIS CS Substation Configuration Tool «ARIS MANAGER» «ARIS-SCADA» MULTIFUNCTION SUBSTATION AUTOMATION MODULE RTU ECOM-TM Multifunctional Telecontrol Module ММТ RTU ECOM-TM Expansion Modules Third Party Measuring Converters MMT Redundancy and Self-Testing Sample Architecture of Process Control System Based on RTU ECOM-TM 26 38 28 34 36 37 40 40 42 42 43
  23. 23. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 26 ARIS Substation Automation System The Substation Automation System (SAS) ARIS is designed as a main building block of the distributed substation control systems. SAS ARIS is fully compliant with IEC 61850 concept. The architecture of SAS ARIS SAS ARIS functionality includes: ■■ Electricity data measurement; ■■ Power quality measurement in compliance with GOST 13109- 97; ■■ Status monitoring of primary and secondary substation equipment; ■■ Remote and local switchgear control; ■■ Remote and local auxiliary equipment control; ■■ Substation interlocks processing; ■■ Emergency process registration and analysis; ■■ IEC 61850 Station bus and Process bus connectivity (MMS, GOOSE, SV); ■■ Relay protection, emergency control, smart metering, transformer monitoring systems connectivity; ■■ Auxiliary systems connectivity, such as: climatic control system, fire control system, ventilation system and so on; ■■ Documenting, processing and storing in database of the acquired data; ■■ Secondary data origination and report generation; ■■ Storing of primary and secondary data in database; ■■ Data translation to remote control centers; The architecture of SAS ARIS has three levels: ■■ Low level – Bay control units ARIS C303, С302, С301; ■■ Mid level – Station controller ARIS CS; ■■ High level – Process control servers with «ARIS-SCADA» software.
  24. 24. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 27 The Multifunctional Bay Control Unit ARIS C30X is designed to monitoring and control of the one or several feeder bays at the substa- tion. Multifunctional Bay Control Unit ARIS C30X ARIS C30x Technical Data There are three models of the controller – C301, C302 and C303. The models differ by number of expansion slots and display type. Technical data of ARIS C30x ARIS C303 ARIS C302 ARIS C301 SD-card Up to 2 GB Memory (RAM) 128 MB CPU ARM9 Internal bus Ethernet PSU Case 1: 120-370 V DC or 85-265 V AC. Case 2: 18-36 V DC. Expansion slots 14 6 3 Power consumption < 120 W < 80 W < 60 W Dimensions 3U 19" case 485х245х135 mm 3U case 275х245х135 mm 3U case 200х245х135 mm Display and keypad Colour LCD display 320x240, 12-button keypad, mechanical key switch for local control LCD 5,7" 5,7" 3,5" RS-232 ports 1-4, isolation 1,5 kV RS-485 ports 8, isolation 1,5 kV Ethernet ports (except expansion slots) 4хRJ45 or 4xSFP (LC MM/SM) Time synchronization Embedded GPS or external NTP server. Precision 1 ms. Communication protocols IEC 61850-8-1 (client, server) IEC 61850-9-2 (client) IEC 60870-5-101 (client, server) IEC 60870-5-104 (client, server) IEC 60870-5-103 (client) Modbus serial (RTU/ASCII client) SPA START ARIS C30x family Functionality ■■ Measurement and processing of AC power, current and voltage; ■■ IEC 61850-9-2 SV stream processing; ■■ Power quality monitoring, measurement and calculations (GOST 13109-97); ■■ Binary inputs/outputs control; ■■ Analog inputs control; ■■ Telecontrol; ■■ Disturbance data recording; ■■ Performing a user-defined logic described as Function Block Diagrams for interlocking, controlling or for performing additional calculations; ■■ Data and command communication with local devices and subsystems including GOOSE messaging.
  25. 25. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 28 Feature ARIS C30x Timestamp precision 1 ms Accuracy of an effec- tive value of interphase voltages, phase voltages and currents in the range 0,05-1,5 of rating value ± 0,2 % Accuracy of an active and reactive power ± 0,5 % Spectral component of currents and voltages Up to 40th Fourier component Disturbance data record- ing in COMTRADE format Time resolution – 80 points for the period of fundamental frequency amplitude resolution – 24 bit AC analog CT/VT input module This module is designed for measuring of the currents and voltages, coming directly from CT/VT, disturbance data recording and power quality measuring. Functionality of the AC analog CT/VT input module includes: ■■ Measuring of the instantaneous values of the currents and voltages; ■■ Calculating of the RMS values, active and reactive powers; ■■ Real time storing of the measured data; ■■ Disturbance data recording in COMTRADE format files; ■■ Power quality measurement in compliance with GOST 13109- 97; ■■ Zero-sequence current and voltage measurement. IEC 61850-9-2 SV stream processing module ARIS C30x has optional module for IEC 61850-9-2 SV stream processing. The module calculates the same parameters as AC analog CT/VT input module and records the disturbance data files. AC analog parameters calculation On the basis of the measured or received instantaneous values of currents and voltages ARIS C30x calculates the following parameters: ■■ RMS phase voltages; ■■ RMS phase currents; ■■ RMS interphase voltages; ■■ Values of active power per phase and total active power over all phases; ■■ Values of reactive power per phase and total reactive power over all phases; ■■ Values of apparent power per phase and total apparent power over all phases; ■■ Values of power factor per phase; ■■ Frequency. Disturbance data recording A user may define a set of events, which will start the distur- bance data recording, and choose a recording data set. Recorded disturbance data files are then represented in COMTRADE format. A duration of the recorded pre-fault time is 3 seconds. The total duration of one disturbance data record is up to 1 minute. Power quality measurement The controller measures the following characteristics of power quality: ■■ Zero-phase-sequence voltage and current; ■■ Positive-phase-sequence voltage and current; ■■ Negative-phase-sequence voltage and current; ■■ Total harmonic distortion for voltages and currents of every line; ■■ Fourier components up to 40th harmonic for voltages and currents of every line. Accuracy and extra facilities Disturbance data view and control ARIS C30x web form Power quality measurement in compliance with to GOST 13109-97 ■■ The steady-state voltage deviation; ■■ Distortion factor of sinusoidal voltage; ■■ Factor of n-harmonic component; ■■ Unbalance voltage factor of reverse sequence; ■■ Zero-sequence asymmetry factor; ■■ Frequency bias; ■■ Voltage supply interruption length; ■■ Temporary overvoltage factor. Additional power quality characteristics: ■■ Brownout value; ■■ Overvoltage duration.
  26. 26. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 29 Digital and analog IO modules Features ARIS C303 ARIS C302 ARIS C301 Digital inputs per module 7 inputs of 220 V DC/AC or 8 inputs of 24 V DC Input current per digital input 5±1 mA at 220 V 10±4 mA at 24 V Digital outputs per unit 8 Switching current of digital outputs Up to 0,12 А for DC/AC at 250 V (solid-state relay) Up to 0,4 А DC at 250 V (electromechanical relay) Up to 16 A AC at 250 V (electromechanical relay) Select/execute outputs per module 4 Switching current of select/execute outputs Up to 0,4 А DC at 250 V Up to 8 А AC at 250 V Commutation wear resistance of select/execute and digital out- puts More then 10 000 cycles Number of analog inputs per module 8 Analog input current ranges 0-5 mA, ± 5 mA, 4-20 mA, 0-20 mA Analog input voltage ranges 0-1 V, 0-5 V, 0-10 V, ± 10 V Analog input module for current transformer/voltage transform- er (CT/VT) Modification without zero sequence current/voltage input 1 or 2 CT/VT input units Each unit measure 3 current lines (Ia, Ib, Ic) in the range 0…1,5 А or 0…7,5 А and 3 voltage lines (Ua, Ub, Uc) In the range 0…330 V 1 CT/VT input unit The unit measure 3 current lines (Ia, Ib, Ic) in the range 0…1,5 А or 0…7,5 А and 3 voltage lines (Ua, Ub, Uc) In the range 0…330 V CT/VT input module modification with without zero sequence cur-rent/voltage input 1 or 2 CT/VT input units Each unit measure 4 cur- rent lines (Ia, Ib, Ic, I0) in the range 0…1,5 А or 0…7,5 А and 4 voltage lines (Ua, Ub, Uc, U0) in the range 0…330 V 1 CT/VT input unit The unit measure 4 current lines (Ia, Ib, Ic, I0) in the range 0…1,5 А or 0…7,5 А and 4 voltage lines (Ua, Ub, Uc, U0) in the range 0…330 V IEC 61850-9-2 SV stream processing module 1 Digital input module The digital input module allows measuring dry-contact type signals from the sensors of either 24 V DC (DI24), or 220 V AC/DC (DI220). The DI24 module has an internal power supply. The other modules require an external power supply. The signal changing on the input originates an event. The controller assigns the time- stamp to every event with accuracy of 1 ms. The maximum fre- quency of events that the controller can process is 100 Hz. Analog input module The analog input module allows measuring signals either in the ranges of 0-5, 0-20, 4-20, ±5 mA or in the ranges of 0-1, 0-5, 0-10, ± 10 V. If the appropriate limits were defined, then these signals can be used for event generation. Every analog input module has 8 channels. The event is originating when the relative changing of the signal exceeds the defined limits. The measured values can be scaled and shifted if necessary using simple linear transformation. User can assign the factors of linear transforma- tions and the necessary limits for every channel independently by special configuration software. Digital output module The digital output module has 8 channels. The next modifica- tions of the unit are exist: ■■ For switching currents up to 0.12 A AC/DC in the voltage range from 24 to 220 V. Switching on/off time is 0.2/0.5 ms. ■■ For switching currents up to 8 A for voltages up to 250 V AC or up to 30 V DC. Switching on/off time is 7/2 ms. Select/execute module The select/execute module has 4 channels for currents up to 8 A and voltages either up to 250 V AC or up to 30 V DC. Switching on/off time is 7/2 ms.
  27. 27. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 30 Time synchronization ARIS C30x can synchronize time either from the integrated GPS with accuracy up to 1 ms or from precise time server by the NTP-protocol (may be used additional PPS line). The controller also can adjust time of external devices from other manufactur- ers (in the case when the communication protocol between the controller and the device allows this). Communications ARIS C30x can communicate with other devices via the fol- lowing protocols: ■■ IEC 61850-8-1 (client, server); ■■ IEC 61850-9-2 (client); ■■ IEC 60870-5-101(client, server); ■■ IEC 60870-5-104 (client, server); ■■ IEC 60870-5-103 (client); ■■ Modbus serial (RTU/ASCII); ■■ SPA. Local data archiving ARIS C30x provides two types of acquired data archives – retrospective and operative. The operative archive is used as data storage in the case of link loss with a station controller. When the link will be recov- ered the controller will send all of the data recorded during a link loss. Retrospective archive is used as data storage in the case when an analysis of emergency situations is necessary. This ar- chive has a cycle buffer structure. A user may configure a number of archiving records. System log and alarm event log ARIS C30x has different logs for system and alarm event log- ging. A user may configure the number of alarm events intended to be stored. An user can define as alarm event the any changing of discrete input/output status, exceeding the given limits of analog input value etc. FBD-based custom programmable logic ARIS C30x has built-in tools for supporting user-defined log- ic. These tools can be used for the creation of complex algorithms for logical and mathematical treatment. In particular for interlock- ing, controlling or additional calculations. For these purposes the ARIS C30x software has the runtime based on Function Block Diagram language. FBD allows user to create complex algorithms consisting of different library blocks (arithmetical, trigonometrical, logical, PID-regulators etc.). The FBD implementation conforms to IEC 1131 3 standard released by IEC in 1992 and defining PLC languages. FBD incorporates the structure programming methodology that gives user the possibil- ity to describe the automated process in the easiest and most understandable way. User definable functions allow user to de- scribe algorithms not defined in the standard library. ARIS C30x is supplied with an advanced software environment with graphical tools, a standard algorithms library and a program interpreter with debug functions. FBD IDE Web configuration tool
  28. 28. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 31 Local switchgear control ARIS C30x HMI allows local switchgear control by using of a built-in or remote control panel. The panel includes 5.7" (3,5" for ARIS C301) display, 12-button keypad and a hardware key. This key together with password protection is used to prevent an unauthorized access to device. Web based configuration tool The controller includes the configuration software accessible from any web-browser. This software allows: ■■ Configuration of data translation, recording parameters, recordable events, controller hardware, user-defined logic, system parameters (eg. time synchronization source); ■■ Viewing of system log and alarm event log; ■■ Viewing of monitored values; ■■ Creation of SLD fragment of a controlled bay for HMI display. Mechanical design ARIS C30X controllers have the crates of 3U height for placing in cabinets, racks and for embedding into a panel. ARIS C303 has 19" crate capable to contain up to 14 optional modules and up to 2 CT/VT measuring modules. The controller has: ■■ Color LCD 5.7" display and keypad; ■■ Hardware key for prevention of an unauthorized access; ■■ LED lights; ■■ USB; ■■ 2 Ethernet ports. The controller HMI 12 button keypad LED indicators HMI with 5.7 color panel Mechanical lock for protection from unauthorized access USB connector Ethernet connector for service usage Ethernet extension connector
  29. 29. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 32 The power consumption from primary source by single crate is less than 120 W at nominal input voltage. The back panel has unit connectors, power supply, GPS antenna. The controller back panel Select/Execute module IEC 61850-9-2 SV stream processing module Communication ports: RS-232 and RS-485 Mainboard with embedded GPS-receiver Power supply Digital input modules Ethernet communication module (SFP or RJ45 connectors) Digital output modules CT/VT input module The special crate edition C303.1 allows insertion of up to 12 CT/VT input units. So, the range of applications of ARIS C30x is ex-tended. The controller extension technology by just adding the extra crates allows assembling the tens of units into one single cabinet or rack. Placing CT/VT input modules in one rack Edition С302 (275х245х135 mm) may include of up to 6 units. The power consumption from primary source by single crate is less than 80 W at nominal input voltage. Edition С301 (200х245х135 mm) may include of up to 3 units. The power consumption from primary source by single crate is less than 65 W at nominal input voltage. All editions have a power supply unit. There are two types: ■■ 120-370 V DC and и 85-265 V AC. Nominal input voltage is 220 V AC; ■■ 18… 36 V DC. Nominal input voltage is 24 V DC. Edition С302 Edition С301
  30. 30. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 33 Reliability ARIS C30x was tested and approved, providing the reliable functioning in the conditions listed in the below tables. 1. IEC 61000-4-11-99. Resistance to dynamic changes in supply voltage test. 2. IEC 60255-5. Testing dielectric strength of insulation. Interface Test Parameter The degree of hardness testing. A criterion for the quality of operating Power supply Voltage supply interrupts 0 Un 500 ms 4 АVoltage supply brownouts 0.7 Un 2000 ms Voltage supply surges 1.2 Un 2000 ms Interface Test Parameter The degree of hardness testing. A criterion for the quality of operating Digital input Testing dielectric strength of insulation 2000 V AC АDigital output Select/execute output 3. IEC 61000-4-12-95. Oscillatory wave immunity test. Interface Test Parameter The degree of hardness testing. A criterion for the quality of operating Digital input Single oscillatory wave: «line-ground» «line-line» Repetitive oscillatory wave: «line-ground» «line-line» 4 kV 2 kV 4 АDigital output Select/execute output 2,5 kV 1 kV 3 А Power supply Single oscillatory wave: «line-ground» «line-line» Repetitive oscillatory wave: «line-ground» «line-line» 4 kV 4 kV 4 А 2,5 kV 1 kV 3 А Test Test Parameter The degree of hardness testing. A criterion for the quality of operating Digital input Capacitive clamp ±2 kV 5 kHz 4 А Digital output Select/execute output IO Power supply ±4 kV 5 kHz 4 А 4. IEC 61000. Electrical fast transient immunity test.
  31. 31. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 34 Test Parameter The degree of hardness testing. A criterion for the quality of operating Contact ±8 kV 4 А Air ±15 kV 6. IEC 61000-4-2-95. Immunity to electrostatic discharge. Communicational controller ARIS-CS-M Substation communication controller ARIS CS The controller ARIS-CS is an important part of SAS ARIS. ARIS-CS performs a communication between the controllers at bay level (bay controller units, relay protection terminals etc.) and the systems at substation level and/or the adjacent systems. Hardware There are two basic hardware platforms which are used for ARS-CS – ARIS-CS-M and ARIS-CS-H. ARIS-CS-M A hardware platform of ARIS-CS-M is based on an industrial PC MOXA DA-681. It has a fixed configuration: 6 Ethernet connec- tors RJ45, 4 RS-232 ports, 8 RS-485 ports, VGA, redundant power supply (100-265 AC/DC). An embedded software runs QNX 6.5 or Windows (optionally) OS. ARIS-CS-M provides a redundancy support feature. The ARIS-CS-M can acquire and process of up to 7000 infor- mation objects per second. ARIS CS functionality includes: ■■ Data acquisition from bay level controllers and other low level devices; ■■ Correct interprotocol translation of remote control commands; ■■ Calculation of extra parameters based on the data, acquired from bay level; ■■ Support of wide range of standard (IEC, IEEE, ISO ) and proprietary protocols; ■■ Multiprotocol data translation; ■■ Acquisition of disturbance data; ■■ OS: QNX 6.5, Windows (optional); ■■ Processing of FBD-based custom programmable logic, including calculation of interlocking conditions; ■■ Automatic connection to the systems at any levels; ■■ Providing of the operative archive to temporarily store the acquired data in the case of link loss and transmit these data right after the link recovery; ■■ Providing of the retrospective archive to cyclically store the data, acquired during the given time interval, and transmit these data on demand; ■■ Showing the state of the used communication channels to the systems at higher levels; ■■ WEB-configuration tool similar to ARIS C30x. 5. IEC 61000-4-5-99. Microsecond high energy pulse disturbance immunity test. Test Test Parameter The degree of hardness testing. A criterion for the quality of operating Digital input «line-line» «line-ground» ±2 kV ±4 kV 4 А Digital output Select/execute output IO «line-ground» 0,5 kV 1 А Power supply «line-line» «line-ground» ±4 kV ±4 kV 4 А
  32. 32. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 35 ARIS-CS-H A hardware platform of ARIS-CS-H is based on a modular industrial PC: ■■ 19" form-factor; ■■ Hartmann Elektronik CPCI 2.16 Basic 10U 84HP chassis; ■■ Wide set of EVOC motherboards and IO boards. ■■ ARIS-CS-H has two independent system buses CompactPCI ver.2.16 allowing installation of up to 16 6U modules (2 mainboards and 14 communication boards) and up to 4 PSU (220 V DC). All of the ARIS-CS-H modules provide a hot plug capability. An embedded software runs QNX 6.5 or Windows (optionally) ARIS-CS-H provides a redundancy support feature. The ARIS-CS-H can acquire and process of up to 20000 infor- mation objects per second. Communicational controller ARIS-CS-H ARIS-CS software has a modular architecture. The architecture allows each controller to be configured exactly as the given project requires. ARIS-CS embedded software contains a protocol independent kernel and a wide set of independent libraries. Each library imple- ments a protocol specific data exchange. Our company has a great experience in implementation of standard and proprietary protocols. So, using of the ARIS-CS in Substation Automation Systems allows you easily integrate the brand new and already installed equipment. We have great experience in integration of equipment from almost all leading manufacturers: AREVA, General Electric, SIEMENS, ABB, Schneider Electric, EKRA, etc. Integration opportunities provided by ARIS-CS ARIS-CS integration abilities ARIS-CS-H modules: ■■ Mainboard (Intel® Dual Core Xeon LV/ULV, 667MHz FSB, 2.0 GHz, RECC DDR2 400 MHz, up to 4 GB RAM, 2xSerial ATA 150 MB/sec, 2x10/100/1000 Base-Tx, 4xUSB2.0, 2хRS-232); ■■ Communicational module Ethernet 4х100Base-Tx; ■■ Communicational module 16хRS232/422/485; ■■ Power supply 250 W.
  33. 33. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 36 An ARIS-CS kernel provides: ■■ Asynchronous data acquisition and transmission; ■■ Correct data translation between different protocols; ■■ Correct translation of remote control commands. Ready for use ARIS CS libraries: 1.Protocols: – IEC 60870-5-101; – IEC 60870-5-103; – IEC 60870-5-104; Substation Configuration Tool «ARIS MANAGER» Functionality ■■ Interactive design and editing of a substation single-line diagram; ■■ Automatic generation of configuration files for «ARIS SCADA», bay control units ARIS-C30x in compliance with IEC 61850-6; ■■ Interactive design and editing of FBD (IEC 61131) algorithms. Substation Configuration Tool «ARIS Manager» includes two main components – «SCL Manager» and «IED Configurator». SCL Manager «SCL Manager» functionality: ■■ Interactive design and editing of a substation single-line diagram using a wide set of graphic primitives; ■■ Representation of the substation information system as a network of IEC 61850 IEDs and binding of these IEDs to the single-line diagram; ■■ Configuration of each IED, placed in the network. The «SCL Manager» outcome is an IEC 61850-6 compliant file (.SCD) which describes a substation configuration for «ARIS SCADA». IED Configurator «IED Configurator» functionality: ■■ Loading of the IED configuration templates (.ICD) and binding IEDs to the single-line diagram; ■■ IED configuration files (.CID) generation in compliance with IEC 61850-6; ■■ IED configuration editing in SCD file; ■■ Uploading configurations to ARIS-C30x; ■■ FBD language interlocking algorithms creation. Substation Configuration Tool «ARIS Manager» is developed in compliance with IEC 61850 concepts. IED Configurator SCL Manager – IEC 61850-8-1 (MMS, GOOSE); – Modbus serial (RTU/ASCII); – Modbus (TCP); – Granit; – SPA; – START; – IEC 60870-6 (ICCP/TASE.2); – OPC (only for Windows edition). 2.Disturbance data acquisition and storing in IEEE C37.111- 1999 (COMTRADE) format with authorized access over FTP.
  34. 34. Substation Automation, Telemechanics 37 The main purpose of «ARIS-SCADA» is making a better trans- formation of the acquired data into human readable form. «ARIS- SCADA» provides to the operator a total control at one click of a mouse with full historical and actual behavior information. It allows user to get a detailed view in a form of mnemonic planes, trend graphs, system events and critical alarms. Functionality ■■ Real time data acquisition from controllers of substation level; ■■ Translation of acquired data to the remote control centers; ■■ Data storing; ■■ Data displaying – HMI function. «ARIS-SCADA» consists of two parts: Server and HMI soft- ware. «ARIS-SCADA» «ARIS-SCADA» Server software Functionality ■■ Data acquisition, processing and storing; ■■ Real time database access; ■■ Remote configuration and management tools; ■■ Redundancy support feature; ■■ Number of information objects – up to 150000; ■■ Number of data acquisition channels – up to 256; ■■ Number of remote control center connection channels – up to 16; ■■ Number of online HMI connections – up to 30; ■■ WEB server; ■■ Extra data calculations; ■■ Data event logs processing (status data changing, remote command issuing, analog data thresholds exceeding, relay protection events); ■■ Data integrity checking; ■■ System event log. HMI Client Functionality ■■ Communication with «ARIS-SCADA» server; ■■ Displaying of substation automation mnemonic planes; ■■ Emergency events alarming (sound and light); ■■ Remote control issuing; ■■ Remote control result monitoring; ■■ Animation of static planes; ■■ Placing danger marks on mnemonic planes («Earthed», «Don’t switch on» and etc.); ■■ Data trend viewing; ■■ Preparing and printing of reports; ■■ Appearance configuration of the mnemonic planes. Example of «ARIS-SCADA» mnemonic scheme Supported protocols and devices: ■■ IEC 61850; ■■ IEC 60870-5-101; ■■ IEC 60870-5-104; ■■ IEC 60870-5-103. ■■ ABB relay protection protocol SPA; ■■ IEC 60870-5-103(Siemens, ABB, EKRA, Micom); ■■ Relay protection devices «Sirius»; ■■ MODBUS RTU; ■■ Data acquisition device AET; ■■ Data acquisition device ION; ■■ Data acquisition device SATEC; ■■ Electricity meters SET-4ТМ, Mercury230. Supported protocols for communicating with remote control centers: ■■ OPC (Ole for Process control) v2.0; ■■ IEC 60870-5-101; ■■ IEC 60870-5-104. HMI «ARIS-SCADA» «Events and alarm log» view
  35. 35. 38 Substation Automation, Telemechanics RTU ECOM-TM is a modular device targeted to be a part of the complex substation automation systems. Purpose RTU ECOM-TM is designed as a building block for the next types of systems: ■■ Automatic and automated acquisition and control systems for substations; ■■ Integrated metering systems. Modifications RTU ECOM-TM is a modular industrial controller. It can be supplied as a rack-mounted unit, or as a set of separate modules. The rack-mounted unit contains all the RTU ECOM-TM basic mod- ules and auxiliary modules (eg. communication modules, power suppliers, pass-through plugs, etc.). The installed set of auxiliary modules is system specific. Features ■■ Working mode measurement of the electric networks and power-generating equipment (actual measurements); ■■ Monitoring of switching equipment state (indication); ■■ Remote control of power generating equipment using standard telemetry signals (telecontrol); ■■ Measurement of electric power flow and consumption using electric meters and sensors with standard telemetry outlet and/or microprocessor-based meters and sensors. MULTIFUNCTION SUBSTATION AUTOMATION MODULE RTU ECOM-TM Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies based on ECOM-TM Technical Specifications Redundant Multifunctional Telemechanic Modules Self-diagnostic of all RTU ECOM-TM modules Interfaces RS232, RS485, Ethernet Number of Communication Channels from 2 to 20 Communication channel baud rate from 300 to 115200 baud Operating modes – sporadic and cyclic polling Supported communication protocols to upper level systems IEC 60870-5-101/104, Modbus RTU, CRQ Astronomic Time Synchronization GPS GPS Time Synchronization Precision 2 ms Measured Data Timestamp Assignment Precision 20 ms Line Integrity Checking between RTU ECOM-TM and Alarm Sensor Alarm Logging Precision 1 ms Alarm Logging Resolution 1 ms Total Number of Measurement Channels Up to 2000 Total Number of Digital Sensors to be Connected (depends on sensor type, communication line type, etc.) Up to 100 Acceptable Types of Digital Sensors PC АET (AlektoGroup); PC 6806 (JSC «NPP Elek- tro-mekhanika»); SPC (JSC «Svey»); Simeas P (Sie- mens); ION; SATEC PM 130; digital supply meters Lifetime 30 years Warranty 4 years
  36. 36. 39 Substation Automation, Telemechanics RTU ECOM-TM Structure RTU ECOM-TM has a modular structure. RTU ECOM-TM contains the following modules: ■■ Multifunctional Telecontrol Module MMT. This is a main module that performs the basic logic of device operation. MMT hosts the pluggable modules; There are 2 types of MMT: MMT-2 and MMT-5; ■■ Remote Alarm Control Module with Line Integrity Checking (TS32); ■■ Remote Telecontrol Module (TC4); ■■ Analog Measured Data Acquisition Module (TM32); ■■ Remote Digital Output Module (TC32). RTU ECOM-TM Structure
  37. 37. 40 Substation Automation, Telemechanics ММТ-5 ММТ-2 MMT is supplied in modifications MMT-2 and MMT-5. MMT-2 is a DIN-rail mounted multifunctional controller. This modification contains the general set of pluggable modules: ■■ CPU module – 1; ■■ RS485 ports – 16; ■■ RS232 ports – 5; ■■ RJ45 ports (Ethernet) – 2; ■■ Time synchronization module with build-in GPS receiver – 1. ММТ-5 is the specialized solution for distribution and trans- former substation, not equipped by communication lines. Small controller with embedded GSM/GPRS modem enables to control the substation, which was uncontrolled yet. No need to mount the wire communications. Use wireless. The key benefits of MMT-5 are low price and ease of imple- mentation. MMT-5 contains next features: ■■ RS232 – 2; ■■ RS485 – 4; ■■ RJ45 ports (Ethernet) – 1; ■■ Built-in GSM-modem and GPS-receiver; ■■ Analog inputs (4-20 mA) – 8; ■■ Digital inputs – 8. To expand the system various input/output devices can be connected to MMT-2 and MMT-5 via digital interfaces. Any MMT module can be connected with up to 100 external modules including: TS32, TC4, ТМ32, TC32, digital devices manu- factured by third parties. MULTIFUNCTIONAL TELECONTROL MODULE MMT RTU ECOM-TM EXPANSION MODULES REMOTE ALARM CONTROL MODULE WITH LINE INTEGRITY CHECKING TS32 Module TS32 Purpose TS32 is designed for data acquisition from alarm sensors with outlet of «dry contact» type. This module is also provides a line checking possibility for every channel. It is a functionally indepen- dent module which uses an IEC 60870-5-101 protocol to commu- nicate with the upper level components (eg. MMT, telemechanic server, third party products, etc.). Technical Specifications ■■ Integrated current generator installed on line from module to sensor that allows avoiding distortions on long transmission lines; ■■ Permanent line checking from module to sensor (checks for breaks and shortages); ■■ Light indication of communication line condition and condition of every alarm; ■■ Connection via IEC 60870-5-101 protocol; ■■ Alarm archives for 1000 events; ■■ Protection algorithms against chatter and noise in a line; ■■ Data interchange rate via RS485 port – up to 115 kb/sec; ■■ Size – 165x102x31 mm; ■■ Two RS485 ports. Module can be polled by 2 independent systems.
  38. 38. 41 Substation Automation, Telemechanics REMOTE TELECONTROL MODULE TC4 Purpose TC4 is designed to provide the telecontrol functionality within a controlled telemechanic node. It is a functionally independen module which uses an IEC 60870-5-101 protocol to communicate with the upper level components (eg. MMT, telemechanic server, third party products, etc.). Technical Specifications ■■ Up to 4 telecontrol objects (8 channels); ■■ Size – 245x102x31 mm; ■■ Archives for 860 events; ■■ Synchronization from RTU ECOM-TM with precision 1 ms; ■■ Embedded configuration software; ■■ Connection to RTU ECOM-TM via IEC 60870-5-101 protocol; ■■ The right to issue the telecontrol command is granted to upper level dispatcher only; Module TС4 ANALOG MEASURED DATA ACQUISITION MODULE TM32 Purpose TM32 is designed for analog measured data acquisition. It is a functionally independent module which uses an IEC 60870- 5-101 protocol to communicate with the upper level components (eg. MMT, telemechanic server, third party products, etc.). Technical Specifications ■■ Differential Inputs – 32; ■■ Size – 165x102x31 mm; ■■ Input signal measurement range – 0..20 mA (± 0,1 %); ■■ Synchronization from RTU ECOM-TM (precision – 1 ms); ■■ Measured data timestamp assignment precision 1 ms; ■■ Number of archived vents – 800; ■■ Communication protocol – IEC 60870-5-101; ■■ Embedded configuration software. Module TM32 REMOTE DIGITAL OUTPUT MODULE TC32 Purpose TC32 is designed for giving out signals by pulse or by volt- age level. Technical Specifications ■■ Light indication of communication line condition and condition of every output; ■■ Connection via IEC 60870-5-101 protocol; ■■ Data interchange rate via RS485 port – up to 115 kb/sec; ■■ Size – 165x102x31 mm; ■■ Two RS485 ports. Module can be polled by 2 independent systems. Module TC32 ■■ Algorithm of telecontrol command execution includes mandatory line checking. Every telecontrol command needs to be confirmed by dispatcher; ■■ Fault monitoring; ■■ Monitoring of electrical and mechanical conditions of every relay.
  39. 39. 42 Substation Automation, Telemechanics Output voltage level DC 24 V Max. output current 0,3 A Time resolution 1 ms Timestamp assignment accuracy 1 ms Galvanic isolation break voltage 1500 V Number of channels 32 Technical Specifications At present time RTU ECОМ-ТМ supports data acquisition from: ■■ PC АET (AlektoGroup); ■■ PC 6806 (JSC «NPP Elektromekhanika»); ■■ SPC (JSC «Svey»); ■■ Simeas P (Siemens); ■■ PM130 (Satec); ■■ ION (Schneider Electric). Also it is possible to use electric meters as telemetry sources. The list of supported modules is expanding. THIRD PARTY MEASURING CONVERTERS MMT-2 redundancy circuit The following functions of MMT are being backed-up by redundant ones: ■■ Measured data acquisition from digital sensors; ■■ Alarm acquisition from TS32 modules; ■■ Telecontrol using TC4 modules; ■■ Pre-calculation functions; ■■ Data transfer to upper level (to standalone or several systems as well) via serial protocol or Ethernet. In the course of RTU ECOM-TM operation the following is being controlled: ■■ Stability of software operation; ■■ Stability of external module operation; ■■ RS485* port operation; ■■ RS232* port operation; ■■ Operation of control communication lines*; ■■ Operation of GPS receivers. MMT REDUNDANCY AND SELF-TESTING *in case of availability of standby ММТ only.
  40. 40. 43 Substation Automation, Telemechanics Process control system example SAMPLE ARCHITECTURE OF PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEM BASED ON RTU ECOM-TM The Process Control System of Power Substation is intended for supervising and control of installed equipment. Our approach to use a RTU ECOM-TM as a core component of the architecture of such systems has the next advantages: ■■ The full scale satisfaction of functional requirements, made to Substation Process Control System; ■■ Rational minimization of system total cost; ■■ Easy upgrade and enhancement by adding the new subsystems and devices to Process Control System; ■■ Saving the investments made to hardware and software subsystems, which are already installed on a substation.
  41. 41. registration measurements TPA-02-PMU – Microprocessor Based Device of Synchronized Phasor Measurements Digital Recorder of Electrical Emergences RES-3 46 47
  42. 42. Registration Measurements 46 TPA-02-PMU – Microprocessor Based Device of Synchronized Phasor Measurements Purpose TPA-02-PMU is microprocessor based device of synchronized phasor measurements. It is designed to measuring the parameters of current power system state and transmitting these parameters to the WAMS, WACS, WAPS-systems in real-time. Main functions ■■ Measurement of synchrophasors, frequency, rate of change of frequency and other parameters of current power system state according to IEEE C37.118.1 – 2011; ■■ Transmit the measured parameters of current power system state to the WAMS, WACS, WAPS systems according to IEEE C37.118.2 – 2011. Technical Specifications Analog inputs number 8 Analog input sampling rate 10 kHz (40 sample/circle) Logic inputs number * 48 Logic outputs number * 48 ADC capacity 16 Measuring accuracy 0,2 % Maximum measuring current 5 А, 10 А, 20 А, 50 A Maximum measuring voltage 100 V, 200 V Supply voltage 85-265 V AC 120-370 V DC Power consumption 50 W Period of safety work 100 000 hr Device dimensions 270х266х260 mm Weight 6,5 kg Features ■■ All functions of industrial disturbance recorder; ■■ A wide range of recorded events; ■■ Time synchronization through IRIG-B, PTP; ■■ Receiving of input data according to IEC 61850-9-2 LE; ■■ Receiving and sending of data according to IEC 61850-8-1 (GOOSE); ■■ Local and remote control (Device control panel and program for remote control); ■■ The advanced self-testing; ■■ Industrial design; ■■ SCADA support by IEC 60870-5-104, IEC 61850-8-1 (MMS).
  43. 43. Registration Measurements 47 DIGITAL RECORDER OF ELECTRICAL EMERGENCES RES-3 Purpose The recorder of electrical emergences (RES-3) is designed for monitoring, storing and presenting information on the substation electrical equipment emergences, the process of the emergency situation occurrence, development and elimination. This informa- tion enables the initial causes for the equipment outages to be specified as well as the proper operation of RPA and EA (emer- gency automation) to be assessed. The device has found wide application for testing electrical engineering equipment, including electric drives, circuit breakers, transformers, electric machines, etc.). RES-3 ensures the realization of several modes of storing in- formation: ■■ Oscillography; that is recording instantaneous analog and digital values both under operating and emergency conditions, the sampling frequency being not less than 200Hz per channel; ■■ Making archives; that is recording averaged values of a given parameter; ■■ Transmitting data to the TP ACS; the data transmission is according to the OPC DA protocol and IEC60870-5-104 protocol at a given interval. Potentialities ■■ Hhigh sampling frequency; ■■ Hhigh accuracy of the analog signal measurement; ■■ A flexible communication system (Ethernet, a conventional telephone modem, GSM modem, XDSL modem are applied to connect to the dispatcher’s computer; ■■ A high reliability level; ■■ A wide range of opportunities for changing the configuration and a set of duties, parameters, settings; ■■ The possibility to integrate the device into the ACS, using regular protocols. Design ■■ Cabinet design; ■■ Portable design; ■■ Stationary (fixed) design. RES-3. Portable design RES-3. Stationary (fixed) design Organization and principle of operation TPA-02-PMU hardware is based on single processor x86 architecture in industrial execution. All necessary parameters are calculated on the basis of the information received with own modules of analogue and discrete input, as well as through digital protocols IEC 61850-9-2 LE (SV) and IEC 61850-8-1 (GOOSE). All measured parameters are labeled with the exact time and in accordance with the standard IEEE C37.118.2 - 2011 transferred to the WAMS, WACS, WAPS systems. In addition to the functional of devices synchronized phasor measurements in TPA-02-PMU implemented a functional of indus- trial disturbance recorder. Software The TPA-02-PMU software consists of the software of the controller and the dispatching program SignW established on a workplace of the dispatcher. SignW program permit do following operations: remote con- figuration, saved disturbance analyze, view currently measured signals. It was overworked software modules that permit interconnec- tion TPA-02-PMU and SCADA system by one of following proto- cols: IEC 60870-5-104, IEC 61850-8-1 (MMS). RES-3. Cabinet design
  44. 44. Registration Measurements 48 Main functions ■■ Collecting information on current and voltage values of the electrical network phases, current and voltage values of the zero and reverse sequence (under both emergency and pre- emergence conditions), with the emergency time marked; ■■ Recording digital signals of relay protection and automation (RPA); ■■ On-line data processing, making different types of archives and their non-volatile storage; ■■ On-line vector plotting; ■■ Calculating real, reactive and total power, symmetrical current and voltage components; Basic technical characteristics * – A stationary version. ** – A cabinet version. *** – Unilateral maintenance cabinets. The number of analog input channels* 264 The number of digital input channels* 24240 (256**) ADC converter digit system 16 Sampling frequency for each channel: – 16 channels – 32 channels – 64 channels up to 10 kHz (200 points/period) up to 5 kHz (100 points/period) up to 2 kHz (40 points/period) The major error in analog signal recording no more than 0,4 % Emergency situation recording time up to 1 hr Pre-emergency situation recording time from 0,1 to 24 s Maximum recorded current 200 А Maximum recorded voltage 600 V The overall dimensions of the electronic unit 196х170х287 mm The overall dimensions of the terminal connection unit 500х200х120 mm The overall dimensions of the RES-3 cabinet 2200х800х600 mm** 2200х600х600 mm** 2200х1200х600 mm*** Construction and principle of operation RES-3 consists of an electronic unit and one or several units of terminal connections. In the terminal connection unit, two channel modules for nor- malizing the input analog signal and 24-channel plates of the digi- tal signal galvanic uncoupling are mounted. Provision is made for a fast replacement of the input analog modules. The electronic unit ensures analog transforming analog sig- nals into digital ones and their further processing according to the program set up. The sampling frequency of the signals recorded is set up by the user. The limiting value of this parameter is inversely proportional to the number of the analog channels used. For the recorder having 16 analog channels the sampling frequency is up to 12 kHz (240 points her 50Hz frequency period). RES-3 is equipped with its own means of displaying emer- gency processes as part of the relay protection engineer’s work- station (the relay protection and automation department); data is transmitted to the workstation, using a local network or a modem. Electromagnetic transient processes caused by short circuits and related to the operation of relay protection devices and emergency automation (currents, voltages, digital signals on the RPA and EA operation, the circuit breakers state) are recorded, using a RES-3. Provision is also made for starting oscillography both due to the settings being exceeded and by the signal coming from the external devices (by the so-called «dry» relay contacts or a potential signal). In using the RES-3 recorder, both the overall oscillogram duration and separate durations of the pre-emergency, emergency and post-emergency conditions are set up as well as the number of the stored records of the faults occurring one after another. The moment the fault occurs is fixed by the whole set of sig- nals (both analog and digital). The results recorded are transmitted to the upper level of the ASTPC (unattended or on command of the operator) for their fur- ther archiving as well as data displaying and a post-event analy- sis, using the relay protection engineer’s workstation. ■■ Calculating line resistances; ■■ Ensuring system time synchronization; ■■ Built-in hardware-software diagnosis; ■■ Current normal operating and emergency conditions oscillography; ■■ Time controlled data displaying and printing; ■■ Exchanging data with external devices, transmitting data to the data processing (control) center; ■■ Transmitting data to the ASTPC (automated system of technological processes control) according to the OPC DA and IEC 60870-5-104 protocols.
  45. 45. Registration Measurements 49 It is possible to store and transmit oscillograms in COMTRADE to the higher levels of the dispatch and technological control as well as to analyze them by their spectral and harmonic components. Starting RES-3 for recording the emergency conditions is made unattended. Settings are specified by the user, making use of any channel or a channel combination for dispatcher signals from the dispatcher program, and are retained unchanged when the device is switched off. Continuous records of the emergency conditions are kept of in the device memory, which allows any duration of the pre-emergency conditions as long as the emergency duration itself to be recorded. At present, more than 1000 RES-3s have been brought into service. External action resistance Probability of failure-free operation no lower than 0,98 Reliability (mean-time-to-first-failure) no less than 50 000 hr Service life 10 years Reconditioning mean time 0,5 hr Time between checkups longer than 2 years Life service warranty period 3 years Ambient temperature from + 5 to + 50 °С Relative air humidity up to 90 % at + 30 °С Atmospheric pressure from 630 to 800 mm mc Supply network voltage ~85..264 V or = 120..370 V Software RES-3 software includes the oscillograph program the device operation is based on, and SignW dispatcher program installed in the dispatcher workstation. The oscillograph program ensures: ■■ The oscillograph on-line operation; ■■ Setting processing in channels; ■■ Ffailure recording and archiving; ■■ Ttransmitting the record of the event fixed to the upper level; ■■ Ddata exchange with the dispatcher. SignW dispatcher program ensures: ■■ Dialogue with the dispatcher in Windows; ■■ Remote setting up the oscillograph parameters, i.e. pickup settings, the duration of the processes recorded, channel names, etc.; ■■ Receiving records on the current channel state and emergences; ■■ Archiving and scanning processes as files; ■■ Plotting processes oscillogram and making it possible for the operator to use them; ■■ Deducing the crest value of the prevailing quantity, the frequency of the input analog signal measured, phase shifting between the channels at the point of scanning; ■■ Calculating the distance to the fault in the emergency situation; ■■ Having the channels and time periods chosen by the operator printed at the specified scale, with the current values at the chosen points specified; ■■ Plotting vector diagrams, etc. Sample of screen form SignW
  46. 46. ECOM ENTERPRISE SOLUTION for SMART METERING and SMART GRIDS Ecom Enterprise Solution ECOM-3000 ENERGOSPHERE® ADVANCED METERING INFRASTRUCTURE ECOM FOR POWER GENERATING COMPANIES 52 58 53 54 56 Electricity metering
  47. 47. Electricity Metering 52 The «Prosoft-Systems» company is the developer of the cer- tified ECOM Enterprise Solution for metering different kinds of energy and resources. There are two main branches for which our metering systems are developed – the Advanced Metering Infrastructure ECOM and Integrated Energy Management System ECOM. Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) ECOM is based on a various types of smart meters and provides the smart metering functions: meausure power and energy use, gather the data from the meters, calculate charges for resources consumed, generation of reports, notify systems users via e-mail, remote tariff control of smart meters, remote load control of consumers and others. AMI ECOM includes hardware, communications, controllers, ad- min and end-user software. Advanced Metering Infrastructures ECOM are targeted for electric power companies and consumers. It can be divided on the following types: ■■ Systems for power generating companies; ■■ Systems for power transmission and distribution companies; ■■ Local systems for substations; ■■ Systems for electric utilities; ■■ Systems for holdings and wholesale electricity companies; ■■ Systems for industrial enterprises. These systems are fully compliant with the requirements and rules of the wholesale electicity market and are recommended for installation by RAO UES of Russia. Integrated Energy Management System ECOM is a metering system that measure, collect and analyse resourses usage, and communicate with metering devices such as electricicty meters, heat meters, gas meters, water meters and so on. Integrated Energy Management System ECOM is targeted for: ■■ Industrial enterprises and power objects; ■■ Utilitiy companies. ECOM Enterprise Solution is enlisted in Russian State Register of Measurement Instruments by №19542-05. ECOM ENTERPRISE SOLUTION for SMART METERING and SMART GRIDS
  48. 48. Electricity Metering 53 Purpose ■■ Metering of electrical power generation, transmission, distribution and consumption; ■■ Metering of heat energy distribution and consumption; ■■ Metering of other resources (water, vapor, natural gas, oxygen, compressed air, etc.); ■■ Remote monitoring and control of power, heat and gas networks and equipments state; ■■ Calculation of tariffs payments for consumed power and generation of total reports. Possibilities Functions ■■ Metering of different types of energy; ■■ Combination of functions of the control, metering and management; ■■ Embedded control algorithms; ■■ Ability to work with different types of converters, power meters, gas, water and heat meters. Integration ■■ Construction of local and distributed hierarchical systems; ■■ Adaptation to any objects and schemes of power distribution; ■■ Integration into the enterprise automation systems; ■■ Merging of the existing enterprise metering systems into the common information space; ■■ Data transfer to the wholesale electricity market datacenter and to the power distribution and generation companies; ■■ Data transfer to the enterprise information systems (MES, ERP); ■■ Data exchange with standard database control systems; ■■ Database is implemented using MS SQL 2000/2005/2008R2. Hardware platform ■■ Different interface types: RS232, RS485, Ethernet; ■■ Different communication channel types: leased lines, dial- up, HF, radio, GSM, satellite, Internet; ■■ Embedded web-server which allows an information look-up using any web-browser; ■■ Possibility to make a transparent connection to digital counters and flow meters; ■■ High precision of measurements; ■■ Simple upgrade; ■■ Time synchronization using GPS; ■■ Industrial environment conditions. ECOM ENTERPRISE SOLUTION ECOM Enterprise Solution Structure of ECOM Enterprise Solution ■■ Remote terminal unit (RTU) of ECOM series: «ECOM-3000» and «ECOM-TM»; ■■ Energosphere® software system. ECOM-TM ECOM-3000 Energosphere® software system
  49. 49. Electricity Metering 54 Basic Specifications of ECOM-3000 ECOM-3000 ECOM-3000 is a modular industrial controller. Its functional modules can be combined in any reasonable combination to best meet the customer requirements. ECOM-3000 performs in real time: ■■ Acquisition, processing, logging and displaying of measured data; ■■ Transfer of measured data to dispatcher workstation; ■■ Formation and issuing the control signals. ECOM-3000 calculates current, integral and average values during the given time interval. Integral values include total amount of consumed power, heat and energy carrier. Average values in- clude carrier temperature, pressure in the pipeline, caloric content of gas, voltage and frequency in power network, etc. ECOM-3000 is supplied with embedded software. Remote test- ing and configuration software is supplied on a separate media. This software can work on any known Windows platform (2000/ XP/Embedded/Vista/Windows 7). All of the ECOM-3000 configu- ration variables are accessible for remote configuration. Modifications of ECOM-3000 ECOM-3000, modification R ECOM-3000, modification T Number of registration channels per one controller 3000 Maximum number of controllers supported by single instance of «Data Collection Server» 500 Primary sensors’ types Pulse-numeric, frequency, analog, code, «dry con- tact», thermocouple, thermoresistor ADC word length 24 Capacity of power independent archives 256-512 Mb Period of information storage after power off 10 years Absolute error for local astronomic time count (w/o GPS), limit per day 5 sec Relative error for pulse-numeric signal conversion on the frequencies higher then 0.01 Hz (data transfer error) 0,05 % Analog signal measurement error 0,1 % Controller check interval 4 years Controller lifetime 30 years ECOM-3000, modification P ECOM-3000, modification S
  50. 50. Electricity Metering 55 The List of Supported Devices ECOM Enterprise Solution allows building the systems of any complexity level, with or even without ECOM -3000. Today the ECOM Enterprise Solution supports the next devices: Module Name Manufacturer ECOM-3000 Data Collection Server Controllers, RTU ECOM-3000 Prosoft-Systems, Ltd.   RTU325, RTU327 Elster-Metronica, Ltd.  SOFTBasic Controller Prosoft-Systems, Ltd.  Sicon C50, C70 Systems and Technologies, Ltd  Modbus-RTU Controller (functions 1-16) Various manufacturers  VEP-01 Controller VolgaEnergoPribor, Ltd  Electricity meters Alpha A1T, A1R, EuroAlpha, AlphaPlus, A1800, A1700 Elster-Metronica, Ltd.   SL7000 ACTARIS   ISKRA MT851, TE851, MT855, TE831, MT860 Iskraemeco, d.d.   EPQS ELGAMA-ELEKTRONIKA   ZMD400CT Landis&Gyr AG  ION 6200, 8300, 8600 Power Measurement, Ltd.   ION 7500 Power Measurement, Ltd.  DSSD546/536 Holley Metering, Ltd.   SEТ-4ТМ.0x, SEТ‑4ТМ.0xМ, PSCH-3ТМ.05, PSCH-4ТМ.05, PSCH-3ТМ.05М, PSCH‑4ТМ.05М, PSCH-3ТМ.05D, PSCH‑4ТМ.05D, SEB-1ТМ.0x, SEB-1ТМ.02D, PSCH-4ТА.03.2, PSCH -3ТА.03.2, PSCH-3ТА.07 SEB‑2А.07 Nizhny Novgorod Factory named after M.V.Frunze (NZiF)   Mercury M230ART, M230ART2, M231, M233, M203.2T, M203 Incotex Firm, Ltd.   CE6850(M), CE6823M, CE-301 (303,304), CE-6822, CE-102 ENERGOMERA Concern, JSC   STS5605 MZEP, JSC   Satec RM130E(N) Satec, Ltd  PC6806-17 Electromechnics, Ltd   KIPP-2M Communication and Telecontrol Systems   Proton-K Systel Automation, Ltd  CC-301 Gran-System-C, Ltd.   MIR C-01, C-02 MIR, Ltd  Heat and flow meters Fisher NOC Fischer & Porter  Other devices Data acquisition device for digital/analog sensors DAS16 Prosoft-Systems, Ltd.   ADAM-40xx modules Advantech Co., Ltd.  GPS/TSIP Recever Trimble Navigation, Ltd.  Profibus Hilscher CIFxxxx, COMxxxx expansion cards (MicroPC) Hilscher Gesellschaft fur Systemautomation mbH  UPS APC Smart APC Corp.  Remote Alarm Control Module with Line integrity Checking TS-32 Prosoft-Systems, Ltd.  Telecontrol module TC4 Prosoft-Systems, Ltd.  Telemeasuring module TM32 Prosoft-Systems, Ltd.  Siemens P 7KG7100 Converter Siemens  IEC60870-101/104 devices Various manufacturers  Weather Transmitter WXT520 Vaisala 
  51. 51. Electricity Metering 56 ENERGOSPHERE® Energosphere® is a software platform to build a various types of measuring systems – Automatic Meter Reading (AMR), Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), Integrated Energy Management System (IEMS) and others. It gathers and accumulates data from a meter network, processing and rating it according to the admin or users configurations. Energosphere® then provides system users with a initial or aggregation metering data to analyse and report consumed resources. ECOM Database runs on the MS SQL Server 200020052008R2. Data Collection Server Administrator’s center Data Collection Server performs: ■■ Data acquisition from the ECOM controllers, electricity meters and flowmeters (heatmeters); ■■ Storing acquired data into the ECOM Database (DB); ■■ Communication with any conventional SQL-based RDBMS by using flexible tuned templates. Administrator’s center performs: ■■ DB administration; ■■ DB backup and restoring; ■■ Data acquisition structure configuration; ■■ User account administration; ■■ DB diagnostics and update. Objects Structure Editor performs: ■■ Metering objects stucture editing; ■■ ImportExport of metering objects structure; ■■ Data aggregation schemes editing (meter groups, network loss, object balance, etc.); ■■ Tariffs editing; ■■ Reference data editing (measurement units and variables, meter and measurement transformer types, etc.). Objects Structure Editor
  52. 52. Electricity Metering 57 Energosphere® Energosphere® application is a end-user interface. It allows: ■■ Navigating through metering objects structure; ■■ Displaing of graphs, diagrams, flowcharts, complex metering schemes for the consumed energy resources; ■■ Real time monitoring of measurements and historical trends on the SCADA interface; ■■ Real time monitoring of system events; ■■ Generating of reports on the base of constructed user or embedded templates; ■■ Editing of SCADA interface and report templates. Web-server allows a direct access to ECOM controller data or ECOM DB using any available Internet browser. Alarm Module performs: ■■ Incoming data integrity check; ■■ Boundary conditions check; ■■ Real-time alarm notification; ■■ Writing alarm notifications in system log; ■■ Sending broadcast notifications to workstations using LAN (NetSend), e-mail, pager, SMS. Export/Import Module performs information interchange with the adjacent power metering systems in various formats (XML, 63002, ASKP, XLS, etc.) via e-mail. Configurator is a service software designed to perform ECOM RTU configuration and setup. Alarm Module Web-server Configurator Export/Import Module

×