Conversational structures
How to improve fluency in oral discourse
1) Get used to using
oral discourse markers
 (yeah,er,let me see,mmm,then, i mean,
really, say, sort of, I see, you see, ...
2) Drill language chunks and
conversational structures
 Words should not be studied in isolation but always in a context....
Conversational structures
 I’m dying to + (verb) this is a
structure used to express your
impatience at having to wait fo...
It’s hard for me to + (verb)
 When you say that sthg is hard for
you, you’re expressing the difficulty
in doing something...
It’s my/your/his/her turn to +
(verb)
 This is an expression used to express
a change in position or role
It is your turn...
You’re supposed + (verb)
 This structure is used to make the
suggestion that something you
strongly believe ought to happ...
You seem + (adjective)
 The structure can be used to talk
about the impression people seem to
be giving. Note that in thi...
You’d better + (verb)
 The structure you had better is used
to give strong advice
You had better get some rest
You had be...
Conversational structures with TO
instead of a whole infinitive, if the
meaning is clear
 Are you and James getting marri...
It’s time/it’s high time + (past
simple)
 This structure is usually followed by a
past tense with a present meaning
 It’...
3) Underline useful chunks
 In your listenings, readings…and
make the most out of them
 Drilling all these expressions a...
Extra links
 http://www.talkenglish.com/
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Fluency

265

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
265
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Fluency

  1. 1. Conversational structures How to improve fluency in oral discourse
  2. 2. 1) Get used to using oral discourse markers  (yeah,er,let me see,mmm,then, i mean, really, say, sort of, I see, you see, well, right, actually, cos, you know, among others…)  They’ll give u time to think of what is coming next and to interact appropriately  Extra links: BBC World service http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv316.shtml
  3. 3. 2) Drill language chunks and conversational structures  Words should not be studied in isolation but always in a context. By repeating and USING these fixed language chunks or expressions you’ll work on fluency http://www.splendid- speaking.com/learn/improve_english_fluency.html  It’s proved that the more you make your examples yours, the easier will be for you to remember them.
  4. 4. Conversational structures  I’m dying to + (verb) this is a structure used to express your impatience at having to wait for something I’m dying to meet my daughter I’m dying to find a good job I’m dying to ask her out
  5. 5. It’s hard for me to + (verb)  When you say that sthg is hard for you, you’re expressing the difficulty in doing something It is hard for me to let him go It is hard for me to do what you want me to do It is hard for me to work under pressure
  6. 6. It’s my/your/his/her turn to + (verb)  This is an expression used to express a change in position or role It is your turn to pay for the drinks It is my turn to do the dishes
  7. 7. You’re supposed + (verb)  This structure is used to make the suggestion that something you strongly believe ought to happen You’re supposed to keep that a secret You’re supposed to return that book on time
  8. 8. You seem + (adjective)  The structure can be used to talk about the impression people seem to be giving. Note that in this structure you seem is followed by an adjective You seem bored She seems easy to work with
  9. 9. You’d better + (verb)  The structure you had better is used to give strong advice You had better get some rest You had better mend your ways
  10. 10. Conversational structures with TO instead of a whole infinitive, if the meaning is clear  Are you and James getting married? We hope to (=we hope to get married)  I don’t do much gardening now but I used to a lot (=I used to do a lot of gardening)
  11. 11. It’s time/it’s high time + (past simple)  This structure is usually followed by a past tense with a present meaning  It’s time she went to bed  It’s time you confessed everything  It’s high time you studied English
  12. 12. 3) Underline useful chunks  In your listenings, readings…and make the most out of them  Drilling all these expressions and automatizing discourse markers will give u self-confidence and you’ll improve your communicative ability and fluency!!
  13. 13. Extra links  http://www.talkenglish.com/
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×