Invictus

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BOOK PRESENTATION

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Invictus

  1. 1. “ Playing the enemy” (2008)
  2. 2. Different main characters: Rugby World Cup final. 1995. + than sport: union, democracy, tribute to Mandela. “ One team, one nation”
  3. 3. <ul><li>Rugby & Springboks </li></ul><ul><li>Afrikaners </li></ul><ul><li>Apartheid opression </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>John Calin: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sport was a powerful mobilizer of mass emotions and shaper of political perceptions” </li></ul><ul><li>*1936. Berlin, Hitler, Aryan superiority. </li></ul><ul><li>1980. Winter Olympics. Hockey victory <> Soviet Union. </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD APROACH TO MANDELA </li></ul>
  5. 5. Options… 1.- To explain the story line. 2.- To focus on the match. But… people&policy
  6. 6. PEOPLE Nelson Mandela: “ Sport has the power to change the world. It has the power to inspire, the power to unite people. It’s more powerful than goverments in breaking down racial barriers”.
  7. 7. POLICY Apartheid (1948-1994)
  8. 8. Lawyer, revolutionary and amateur boxer Arrested, 1962-1990 27 years in jail! 1994. Democratic elections ‘ one person, one vote’ Mandela president (1999) ANC. African National Congress Xhosa tribal robes.
  9. 9. Before…
  10. 10. In prision: Mandela learnt Afrikaner, read about rugby and study laws. To finish with slavery, abandon the ‘armed struggle’. New kind of revolution. “ The way to kill apartheid was to persuade white people to kill it themselves, to join his team, submit to his leadership”
  11. 11. Mandela’s character: “ Mandela, as a man of the world rather than a man of one volk , had a capacity the general lacked to penetrate the minds of people culturally different from himself” Polite, elegant, nice person, charming, with social abilities, self-confidence…
  12. 13. <ul><li>Political system based 3 perverse laws: </li></ul><ul><li>The separate Amenities Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Beaches, public transport, school, cinemas… </li></ul><ul><li>The Group Areas Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Living together, the ‘townships’ . </li></ul><ul><li>Population Registration Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Order of privileges: Whites, Coloureds, Indians and Blacks. </li></ul>
  13. 14. The national reconciliation: AmaBokoBoko (an African name for the Springbok rugby team)   P The new anthem, ‘God bless Africa’ &quot;Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika&quot; , official with ‘Die Stem’ The call of South Africa.
  14. 15. Thank you very much! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ncwee9IAu8I

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