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Debating skills

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Some suggestions on how to start debating in class (French schools)

Some suggestions on how to start debating in class (French schools)

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  • 1. Debating in classroom Why ?
  • 2. All UK universities have a debating club 99% of sixth form colleges Most High schools also
  • 3. Debating is a competitive sport.... There are school competitions Regional school finalists National competitions
  • 4. English speaking Union School finalists http://vimeo.com/63666157
  • 5. A tradition not just in the UK … But shared by many English speaking countries http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Kvbenn76Bk
  • 6. What can our pupils learn from debating ?
  • 7.  Public speaking
  • 8. Public speaking  Research skills 
  • 9. Public speaking  Research skills  Organisation and prioritizing skills 
  • 10. Public speaking  Research skills  Organisation and prioritizing skills  Thinking skills (critical thinking, Higher order thinking skills) 
  • 11. Public speaking  Research skills  Organisation and prioritizing skills  Thinking skills (critical thinking, Higher order thinking skills)  Work as a group- with the weaker members too 
  • 12. Public speaking  Research skills  Organisation and prioritizing skills  Thinking skills (critical thinking, Higher order thinking skills)  Work as a group- with the weaker members too  Learn to listen 
  • 13. What about the official texts ? Expression orale en continu  L'entraînement à l'expression orale en continu a une place importante au lycée. En fonction du projet pédagogique et de la nature des tâches, il convient de multiplier les occasions de donner la parole à l’élève pour raconter, décrire, expliquer ou argumenter.
  • 14. Le professeur prend soin de bien distinguer entre le code de l'oral et celui de l'écrit pour que l'oral de l'élève ne se réduise pas à un écrit oralisé.
  • 15. en utilisant les mots de liaison les plus courants entre phrases.
  • 16. But I can't do this in my class because …...
  • 17. I'm not an expert  It looks difficult to organise  Their English is really bad  I've got 33 of them  They never listen when someone speaks in class  It will take too long  Only 2 or 3 pupils will speak  I couldn't assess it …  I've only got 2 hours a week.... 
  • 18. Main problems  Organisation and planning
  • 19. When is the right moment for a debate ?
  • 20. At what moment during your « séquences » ?
  • 21. What do your pupils need to succeed ?
  • 22. The Organisation and the Rules
  • 23. Debating is a team sport so … You need 2 teams
  • 24. You need a subject or a statement. The best statements are provocative or controversial. They make you want to argue !
  • 25. How is a traditional debate organised?
  • 26. Phase 1  Team A present their arguments  Team B listen and take notes Phase 2  Team B present their arguments  Team B listen and take notes Rebuttal  Team A attack Team B's arguments  Team B attack Team A's arguments The vote – a winnng team is declared
  • 27. So what roles for which pupils ? 2 Teams A jury (who will vote and explain why) Point scorers (more later on this)
  • 28. How to avoid a catastrophe Before you start make sure  You have covered the topic in class!  The pupils understand the rules.  And most importantly …...
  • 29. Getting ready time …. Each team must have time to prepare their arguments together. This can be homework but you must give them time in class face to face. They can also imagine their opponents' arguments.
  • 30. http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/inter actives/persuasion_map/
  • 31. Pre-debate Think - Share - Pair – Debate  Students think on their own for 5-10 mins  then in a pair develop and share arguments  then add another pair etc until you have 8+ students sharing ideas.
  • 32. Useful rules to add    Every person must speak (however small their contribution is. Link word incentive ! Extra points can be awarded if link words are used (suggestion:have ppt projected on wall ) Maximum time limits for each team
  • 33. Every time a word is used a point is scored (so you need point scorers..) Contrast Connect Plus Important ! However On the contrary Therefore What's more Remember Also In addition Don't forget On the other hand So Firstly What's more But ... Secondly Thirdly
  • 34. You need a subject or a statement. The best statements are provocative or controversial. They make you want to argue !
  • 35. Scientists should be allowed to use animals to test new medicines. Young people under 18 should be able to make their own decisions about whether to get a body piercing or tattoo. We should stop eating meat now.
  • 36. What about your projects in class ? What debating topics can we find ?
  • 37. And after the debate ?
  • 38. The jury vote A winner is declared The jury explains why the the team won  remember to tell the jury what they must look for before the debate starts)  Possible items for the jury to look for ?
  • 39. What next ? Follow up activities ?
  • 40. essay plan (with at least X arguments)  mindmap  summary in X words  essay writing  These can be done individually or in pairs More ideas ?
  • 41. Alternative debating ideas
  • 42. Less formal – more guided A balloon debate NASA toolbox debate A mock trail Speed debating Chat show or TV interview Hot seat A mock town meeting
  • 43. Yes this is all very well - but my class is soooooo weak, they can barely say Hi ! You need a boxing ring debate !
  • 44. I work in Collège this is impossible …
  • 45. Adapt the subjects Adapt the format Adapt the rules Don't be too demanding! Give more help (scaffolding needed)
  • 46. Debates in British Primary schools To encourage thinking and speaking skills Is a sheep a good pet ?
  • 47. Debates in British Primary schools To encourage thinking and speaking skills Is a sheep a good pet ? YES They are soft They are fun They are nice to sleep on NO They are too big They are noisy They eat too much They're my size They're cute They are smelly They are easy to hold They are messy
  • 48. Debate on this …. Should the hunter kill the wolf ? Should Little Red Riding Hood be punished by her mum ? Should Cinderella marry a man who is only interested in her shoe size ? Why are the ugly sisters horrible?
  • 49. Social bookmarking ! http://www.diigo.com/ http://delicious.com/