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English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
English Grammar  Is  Easy
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English Grammar Is Easy

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Tenses.

Tenses.

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  • 1. Grammar is easy Anna Davtjan 8b Tallinn Linna m a e Russian L yc eum Teacher : Elena Soshina Tallinn 2006
  • 2. The maintenance
    • Grammar tense s
    • 1.Present Simple 3
    • 2. Present Continuous 10
    • 3. Past Simple 17
    • 4. Present Perfect 26
    • 5. Past Continuous 36
    • Common test 43
    • Internet Recourses 44
  • 3. Present Simple
  • 4.
    • We use the present simple for permanent states, repeated actions and daily routines.
    USE I write a letter.
    • We form the present simple with the subject (noun or personal pronoun) and the verb.
    She writes a letter
    • Most verbs take -es or -s in the affirmative third person singular.
  • 5. He She It write I You We They write S Affirmative
  • 6.
    • We use does not + the base form of the verb to form the negative third person singular.
    He She It does not In all other persons we use do not. I You We They do not Negative
  • 7.
    • The Interrogative form is formed by means of the Present Simple of the auxiliary verb to do and the infinitive of the notional verb without the particle to.
    Interrogative Do you get up at 7 o'clock every day? Short answers: Yes, I do. No, I don't.
  • 8.
    • Most verbs ending in - ss ; - s ; - ch ; - sh ; - tch ; - z ; - x ; and - o ; take -es in the third person singular.
    Spelling I teach he teaches Verbs ending in a consonant + y drop the -y and take -ies in the third person singular. I study he studies BUT : I play he plays
  • 9. Tests
    • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pres1.htm
    • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/presnq1.htm
    • Present Simple Tense
  • 10. Present Continuous
  • 11.
    • We use the Present Continuous for actions happening now, at the moment of speaking . We use this tense with now, at present and at the moment .
    Use I am playing football now. She is eating an ice-cream at the moment.
  • 12.
    • To form the Present Continuous we use the verb « to be » and add -ing to the base form of the main verb.
    I am He She It is eating We You They Affirmative are eating
  • 13.
    • In the negative form the negative particle not is placed after the auxiliary verb.
    Negative eating I amn't He She It isn't We You They aren't
  • 14.
    • In the interrogative form the auxiliary verb is placed before the subject.
    Am I eating? Is she eating? Are we eating? Are you eating? Short answers : Yes, I am. ; Yes, we are. No, she is not. Interrogative
  • 15.
    • Most verbs take -ing after the base form of the main verb. Verbs ending in one stressed vowel and consonant double the consonant and take -ing .
    Ex: swim-swimming Ex: make-making Spelling
    • Verbs ending in -e drop the e and take -ing .
  • 16. Tests
    • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pcont1.htm
    • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pcontnq1.htm
    • Present Continuous Tense
  • 17. Past Simple
  • 18.
    • We use the Past Simple for actions which happened in the past and won ’ t happen again. Time expressions : yesterday, ago, last Monday/week/mouth, etc.
    USE I wached TV last night. He bought new clothes yesterday.
  • 19.
    • We form the affirmative of most regular verbs by adding -ed to the verb. I work-I worked .
    I He She It We You They worked Affirmative
  • 20.
    • The interrogative and negative forms are formed by means of the P a st Simple of the auxiliary verb to do (did) and the infinitive of the notional verb without the particle to .
    The interrogative and the negative forms Did you write a letter last night? I did not have a party two days ago.
  • 21.
    • We form the negative of past simple with didn ’t + base form on the verb.
    We did not go for a walk. They did not listen to music. Negative I didn't work yesterday.
  • 22.
    • We form the interrogative of past simple with Did + personal subject pronoun + base form on the verb.
    Interrogative Did she visit her grandparents last year? Short answers : No, she didn't. Yes, she did.
  • 23.
    • We add -ed to most regular verbs .
    I work I worked We add -d to verbs ending in -e . I love I loved Verbs ending in consonant + y drop the -y and add -ied . I study I studied Spelling
  • 24. Other verbs have irregular forms : become-became, say-said. Look at the list of irregular verbs. Be- was/were write- wrote Go- went Eat- ate Have- had Can- could
  • 25. Tests
    • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pasted2.htm
    • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/irpast2.htm
    • Past Simple Tense
  • 26. Present Perfect
  • 27.
    • We use the Present Perfect to talk about an action which happened in the past, without saying when it happened. He has been to Spa i n. ( We don ’t know when he went to Spain ).
    USE I have already visited the Prado Museum. Time adverbs used with the present perfect : ever, just, yet, already, for, since, etc.
  • 28.
    • We form the Present Perfect with have/has and the past participle of the main verb.
    I have been to New York. She has lived in Paris.
  • 29.
    • We usually form the past participle of regular verbs by adding -ed to the verb. Other verbs have irregular forms.
    • We form negations by putting not between have/has and the past participle.
    Affirmative and negative forms I He She It We You They have has have I He She It We You They haven't haven't hasn't cleaned
  • 30.
    • We form questions by putting have/has before the subject pronoun.
    Interrogative Have I/we/you/they been to Turkey? Short answers : Yes, I/we/you/they have. No, I/we/you/they haven't
  • 31.
    • We use ever in questions and statements.
    Present Perfect + Ever/Never Have you ever visited Brazil? Brazil is the best place I've ever visited. We use never in statements. He has never cut the grass. He hasn't cut the grass.
  • 32.
    • We use already in positive statements. We use yet in questions and negatives.
    Have you packed your suitcase yet? No, I haven't. I haven't packed it yet. Yes, I have. I have already packed it. Present Perfect+Yet/Already
  • 33.
    • We use just in statements to show that an action finished only a few minutes earlier.
    Have you read a book yet? Yes, I've just read it. Present Perfect+Just
  • 34.
    • We use for to express duration.
    I have been here for five days. We use since to state a starting point. I have been here since Monday. Present Perfect+For/Since
  • 35. Tests
    • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/prperf1.htm
    • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/upperf2.htm
    • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/upperf3.htm
    • Present Perfect Tense
  • 36. Past Continuous
  • 37.
    • Two or more actions happening at the same time in the past.
    • Background information in a story.
    • Action interrupted by another shorter action in the past.
    • Action in progress at a stated in the past.
    USE John was cutting the grass while Jenny was planting flowers. She was having a bath when the phone rang. We use the past continuous for :
  • 38.
    • We form the past continuous with was/were ( past tense of the verb “ to be ” ) and add -ing to the base form of the main verb.
    Affirmative I He She It We You They was were playing
  • 39.
    • In the negative form the negative particle not is placed after the auxiliary verb.
    Negative I He She It We You They wasn't weren't cleaning
  • 40.
    • In the interrogative form the auxiliary verb is placed before the subject.
    Interrogative Was Were I He She It We You They sleeping
  • 41.
    • Most verbs take -ing after the base form of the main verb.
    • Verbs ending in one stressed vowel and consonant double the consonant and take -ing .
    Spelling Ex: wash - washing
    • Verbs ending in -e drop the e and take -ing .
    Ex: take - taking
  • 42. Tests
    • http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-2110.php
    • http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-1453.php
    • Past Continuous
  • 43. Common test
    • http:// www.englishjet.com / english_courses_files / test_intermediate.asp
  • 44. Internet Recourses
    • www.tolearnenglish.com
    • www.english.language.ru
  • 45. THANKS FOR ATTENTION. My special gratitude for Elena Soshina!!!

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