Cheating in School: A Student's Perspective


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The following slide presentation offers some information on why students cheat, as well as some tips on how students and faculty can avoid/prevent cheating. Compiled by Shivani R. Pandey and Nomita Rajan.

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  • First, We will look at what cheating is, what cheating types are there. I divided in three period 1990 th , 2000 th , and next decade. I will call those as paper based and multiple choice, paper or computer based and multiple choice And lastly, in the future maybe, computer or internet based and Subjective type. In each period, The cheating types are hand gesture, and pencil tapping for the past, NaNowadays, ID forgery, steal SAT answer, using devices are more popular, But in the future, more advanced cheating types are expected. So, Now, I am focusing on those cheating types.
  • Cheating in School: A Student's Perspective

    1. 1. Cheating in School A Student’s Perspective Compiled by: Shivani R Pandey Nomita Rajan
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Academic Dishonesty </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics on Cheating </li></ul><ul><li>Why students cheat </li></ul><ul><li>How students cheat </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines to prevent cheating </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledgements </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is Academic Dishonesty? contd.. <ul><li>Cheating: “intentionally using or attempting to use unauthorized materials, information, or study aids in any academic exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>Fabrication : “intentional and unauthorized falsification or invention of any information or citation in an academic exercise.” </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism: “deliberate adoption or reproduction of ideas or words or statements of another person as one’s own without acknowledgement.” </li></ul>Source: Pavela (1978)
    4. 4. What is Academic Dishonesty? <ul><li>Facilitating academic dishonesty : “intentionally or knowingly helping or attempting to help another” (to cheat). </li></ul><ul><li>Misrepresentation: “Consists of providing false information to an instructor concerning an academic exercise.” </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to contribute to a collaborative project: “involves not doing one’s fair share.” </li></ul><ul><li>Sabotage: ” consists of actions that prevent others from completing their work.” </li></ul>Source: Whitley and Keith-Spiegel
    5. 5. Interesting Statistics on Cheating! <ul><li>“ On most campuses, 70% of students admit to cheating in one form or another” </li></ul><ul><li>US News and World Reports found that 90% of students believe that cheaters are either never caught or have never been appropriately disciplined. “ </li></ul>Source: Gulli, Kohler, Patriquin (2007), “The great university cheating scandal ,”, , accessed April 13, 2007
    6. 6. Interesting Statistics on Cheating! <ul><li>“ Almost 44% professors said that they had not reported a student caught cheating” </li></ul><ul><li>A study conducted by Donald L. McCabe titled Faculty Responses to Academic Dishonesty: The Influence of Honor Codes found that 55% of faculty &quot;would not be willing to devote any real effort to documenting suspected incidents of student cheating&quot;. </li></ul>Source:, , accessed April 13, 2007
    7. 7. Why do Students Cheat? Contd.. <ul><li>Pressure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grades - Emphasis on GPA for better career (Graduate School/ Placements /Scholarships) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectations – From social environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition – Peer pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students who cheat often feel justified in what they are doing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They cheat because others cheat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They feel unfairly disadvantaged </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poor time management </li></ul>
    8. 8. Why do Students Cheat? <ul><li>Lack of motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Do I really need to know reflection in Java?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Is what I’m studying actually useful?” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ambiguous classroom instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Cheating is not a stigma anymore </li></ul><ul><li>To help friends </li></ul><ul><li>No fear of getting caught </li></ul>
    9. 9. How students cheat 1990 2000 2010 Paper Based Multiple choice Paper Based/ Computer Based Multiple choice Computer Based/ Internet Based Subjective type Hand Gesture Pencil Tapping Copying Other’s Hand Gesture Copying Other’s Go back to Section ID Forgery Steal SAT Answer Electric Devices Cellular Phone ID Forgery Steal SAT Answer Electric Devices Cellular Phone Memorize Questions 3 We are Here
    10. 10. Guidelines to Prevent Cheating – For Students <ul><li>Prioritize work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper time management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use proper citations </li></ul><ul><li>Be early </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start homework individually and identify problem areas to research on </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Guidelines to prevent cheating - For Students <ul><li>Be focused </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When encountering trouble, do not give up easily..Try and Try again! Else take help from Instructors or TAs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be proud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t really believe other people are smarter than you </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be strict with free riders </li></ul><ul><li>Remember..cheating brings short term success but long term failure! </li></ul>
    12. 12. Guidelines to prevent cheating - For Management <ul><li>Promote academic integrity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set strict policies to prohibit cheating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate policies clearly and effectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow and reinforce rules and policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counsel instructors to deal with offenders </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Guidelines to prevent cheating - For Management <ul><li>Reduce Motivation to Cheat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assign application based work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give work which requires individual topic selection & research with deliverables at various stages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not repeat assignments in successive semesters/years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a grade non-disclosure policy. E.g. in Tepper School of Business, MIT, Harvard etc </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Guidelines to prevent cheating – For Management <ul><li>Use varied examination techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Book Exams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Choice Computer based Tests (Random Questions from database) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress on case studies & class participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Couple written assignments with presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have peer evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use alternate seating </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Guidelines to prevent cheating - For Management <ul><li>Use technology to detect cheating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage students to submit work electronically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use latest tools to detect cheating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain scanned copies of assignments/quizzes </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Final Thoughts <ul><li>“ Cheating undermines integrity and fairness at all levels, and it leads to weak life performance. It should concern every citizen of this country.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Nancy Cole, a former president of Educational Testing Service (ETS) </li></ul></ul>Source: Sandy Mills-Alford John Krutsch (July 2006), “Preventing and Detecting Cheating,” Impact! 2006,, accessed April 16, 2007
    17. 17. Acknowledgments <ul><li>Students of course 95-718, Professional Speaking, Sections A3 and B3 – Spring 2007 </li></ul>