Analogies2

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  • Grown-Up -ADULT Full - EMPTY Branch - TREE Carrot -VEGTABLE Heat - BOIL Cool -FRIGID Oven - BAKE
  • Grown-Up -ADULT Full - EMPTY Branch - TREE Carrot -VEGTABLE Heat - BOIL Cool -FRIGID Oven - BAKE
  • Grown-Up -ADULT Full - EMPTY Branch - TREE Carrot -VEGTABLE Heat - BOIL Cool -FRIGID Oven - BAKE
  • Grown-Up -ADULT Full - EMPTY Branch - TREE Carrot -VEGTABLE Heat - BOIL Cool -FRIGID Oven - BAKE
  • Grown-Up -ADULT Full - EMPTY Branch - TREE Carrot -VEGTABLE Heat - BOIL Cool -FRIGID Oven - BAKE
  • Grown-Up -ADULT Full - EMPTY Branch - TREE Carrot -VEGTABLE Heat - BOIL Cool -FRIGID Oven - BAKE
  • Grown-Up -ADULT Full - EMPTY Branch - TREE Carrot -VEGTABLE Heat - BOIL Cool -FRIGID Oven - BAKE
  • Let’s practice recognizing relationships. Part to whole - the second word (solider) is part of the first word (platoon) Varying degree - the first word (hot) is the extreme of the second word (scalding) Antonym Object to function - gills are used to breathe Synonym -someone who is persuasive is also convincing Member to category- soccer is a type of sport
  • Let’s practice recognizing relationships. Part to whole - the second word (solider) is part of the first word (platoon) Varying degree - the first word (hot) is the extreme of the second word (scalding) Antonym Object to function - gills are used to breathe Synonym -someone who is persuasive is also convincing Member to category- soccer is a type of sport
  • Make a sentence that shows the relationship between apple and fruit. How about “An apple is a type of fruit.” Test that sentence by going through all five answers choices, replacing apple & fruit with the different pairs of words. Only one pair fits the sentence. Answer E: A butterfly s a type of insect.
  • Make a sentence that shows the relationship between apple and fruit. How about “An apple is a type of fruit.” Test that sentence by going through all five answers choices, replacing apple & fruit with the different pairs of words. Only one pair fits the sentence. Answer E: A carrot is a type of vegetable.
  • Too specific sentence - I once had a pen that my dog chewed but it still wrote in different colors. - sentence is too long, too specific. Too general: A pen is a thing and to write is an action. Sentence is too vague. It describes each word individually and not the relationship of the words. Lots of very different pairs of words could fit from this sentence.
  • Too specific sentence - I once had a pen that my dog chewed but it still wrote in different colors. - sentence is too long, too specific. Too general: A pen is a thing and to write is an action. Sentence is too vague. It describes each word individually and not the relationship of the words. Lots of very different pairs of words could fit from this sentence.
  • Analogies2

    1. 1. Working with AnalogiesSPI 0801.5.5 Choose a logical word tocomplete an analogy, using synonyms,antonyms, homonyms,categories/subcategories, whole/part,functions, verb forms, rhymes, scrambledwords, homophones.
    2. 2. Analogies test your ability to:• Recognize the relationship between the words in a word pair• Recognize when two word pairs display equal relationships
    3. 3. Old Young
    4. 4. To answer an analogy question you must:• Recognize the relationship between the words in the given word pair• Select the answer containing words related to one another in most nearly the same way• Recognize when two word pairs display equal relationships
    5. 5. Analogies look like this:Up:Down ::Over:UnderUp is to Down as Over is to Under
    6. 6. In what ways could these pairs of words be related?• The relationship will always have to do with the meaning of the words I get it…they are opposites!
    7. 7. Examples of possiblerelationships in an analogy: • Synonyms or antonyms • A part to the whole • A member to the category that contains it • Cause to effect (or effect to cause) • Varying degrees of a quantity or quality • Object to function
    8. 8. Here is one example of Synonym relationships:Infant:Baby::Grown-Up: _________?Infant:Baby::Grown-Up:Adult
    9. 9. Here is one example of Antonym relationships:Big:Small::Full:_______?Big:Small::Full:Empty
    10. 10. Here is one example of Part to Whole relationships:Wheel:Car::Branch:_______? Wheel:Car::Branch:Tree
    11. 11. Here is one example of Member to Category relationships: Apple:Fruit::Carrot:_______? Apple:Fruit::Carrot:Vegetable
    12. 12. Here is one example ofCause Effect relationships:Sliver:Pain::Heat:__________Sliver:Pain::Heat:Boil
    13. 13. Here is one example Matters of Degree relationships: Warm:Hot::Cool:______? Warm:Hot::Cool:Frigid
    14. 14. Here is one example of Object to Function relationships: Truck:Transport::Oven:______? Truck:Transport::Oven:bake
    15. 15. PRACTICE Can you identify the relationship? a) Synonyms or antonyms1. PLATOON:SOLDIER b) A part to the whole2. HOT:SCALDING c) A member to the3. STARVATION:BINGING category that contains it4. GILLS:BREATHING d) Cause to effect (or effect to cause)5. PERSUASIVE:CONVINCING e) Varying degrees of a6. SOCCER:SPORT quantity or quality f) Object to function
    16. 16. PRACTICE Can you identify the relationship? a) Synonyms or antonymsb1. PLATOON:SOLDIER b) A part to the whole2.e HOT:SCALDING c) A member to thea3. STARVATION:BINGING category that contains itf4. GILLS:BREATHING d) Cause to effect (or effecta to cause)5. PERSUASIVE:CONVINCING e) Varying degrees of ac6. SOCCER:SPORT quantity or quality f) Object to function
    17. 17. Approaches that may be helpful in answering analogy questions:• Try to determine the precise relationship between the words in the given pair• Form a sentence that captures the relationship between the two words• Then look for the answer choice containing the word pair whose relationship is closest to that of the given pair and can be expressed in a similar fashion
    18. 18. ExampleAPPLE : FRUIT ::B. Salad : MixC. Orange: BananaD. Juice : CanE. Slice : CoreF. Butterfly: Insect
    19. 19. ExampleAPPLE : FRUIT ::• Salad : Mix• Orange: Banana• Juice : Can• Slice : Core• Butterfly:Insect
    20. 20. How do you know if you have a good sentence?• Look at the answer choices• If more than one answer choice seems to fit, then your sentence is too general• If none of them work, then your sentence is too specific
    21. 21. ExamplePEN : WRITE ::B. Pencil : SharpenC. Ink : BlueD. Letter : ComposeE. Knife : CutF. Mistake : Erase
    22. 22. ExamplePEN : WRITE ::• Pencil : Sharpen• Ink : Blue• Letter : Compose• Knife : Cut• Mistake : Erase
    23. 23. Helpful Approaches con’t:• Pay attention to the order of the words in the pair• Pay attention to the parts of speech• The relationships you need to explain will be constant relationships• Analogy questions are vocabulary intensive• Remember that a single word can have several different meaning• Never decide on the best answer without reading all the answer choices• Practice recognizing and formulating relationships between word pairs
    24. 24. PracticeLarge : Big::B. Remember : ForgetC. Triumph: SuccessD. Nostril : SmellE. Audio : HearE. Glasses : See
    25. 25. PracticeLarge : Big::• Remember : Forget• Triumph: Success• Nostril : Smell• Audio : HearE. Glasses : See
    26. 26. PracticeBat : HitterB. Score: WinC. Walk : RunD. Mars : VenusE. Stick : Hockey PlayerF. Basketball: Hoop
    27. 27. PracticeBat : Hitter• Score: Win• Walk : Run• Mars : Venus• Stick : Hockey Player• Basketball: Hoop
    28. 28. PracticeCome : Came::B. Walk : WalkingC. Ride : RodeD. Left : ArrivedE. Did : Had DoneF. See : Seen
    29. 29. PracticeCome : Came::• Walk : Walking• Ride : Rode• Left : Arrived• Did : Had Done• See : Seen
    30. 30. Online PracticeAnalogies GameAwesome AnalogiesGamequarium AnalogiesAnalogy of the Day
    31. 31. Written PracticeSampler Daily AnalogiesUnderstanding AnalogiesAnalogies WorksheetAnalogies DiningAnalogies NotesAnalogies Graphic Organizer

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