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Theory of behaviorism
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Theory of behaviorism

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    Theory of behaviorism Theory of behaviorism Presentation Transcript

    • Theory of Behaviorism BY: HEIDI K
    • Key contributors to the theory  Ivan Pavlov conditioned dogs to salivate when he rang a bell, a process later termed classic conditioning.  B. F. Skinner experimented with pigeons and as they behaved in a desired manner he rewarded them, a process later termed operant conditioning.  Albert Bandura believes that through observation of others and imitation people acquire behaviors, a theory called observational modelling.
    • What does behaviorism state?  Behaviorism operates on the principle of "stimulus-response".  Classic conditioning, which was explored by Pavlov is the process of reflex learning. An unconditioned stimulus (food) was offered to a dog with a conditioned stimulus (ringing of a bell) in such a way that salivation was eventually produced on the presentation of the conditioned stimulus alone. This learning is by association.  Operant conditioning, investigated by Skinner is when behavior is being shaped by positive reinforcement.
    • What is operational modelling?  Operational modelling is when you watch something and then mimick the behavior.  Albert Bandura was a behaviorist who focused on the factors that motivated and contributed to a persons behavior.
    • Role of the Behaviorist Instructor:  Provide stimulus material that prompts the correct response  Teacher facilitates and motivates student learning  Reinforcement of positive outcome through good grades or encouraging remarks and negative outcome through bad grades and some form of punishment  With technology a teacher may allow the use of computer games as positive reinforcement
    • Students in a Behaviorist's Classroom  Hard work to receive rewards, good grades, or positive remarks  Repetitive learning and establishing a routine  Solid knowledge of teacher expectation  Utilizing software programs that provide positive feedback for correct responses
    • Behaviorism in my classroom There are forms of behaviorism I would apply in my classroom. As an instructor I believe positive reinforcement is one of the best ways to achieve motivation from students. As a math teacher, it's essential to provide an environment where students will observe and imitate the correct way of solving problems. In opposition, I wouldn't use this theory solely as I would prefer a more indepth learning experience for my students aside from learning through repetition.
    • Credits  (Image) www.thelastbehaviorist.blogspot.com  (Image) www.reynaldojrflores.wordpress.com  (Image) www.all-about-psychology.com  (Image) www.lessons.tfiaa.com  www.learningandteaching.info/learning/index.html  www.oregonstate.edu/instruction/ed555/zone2/studrole.html