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Presentation about Puerto Rico for Transcultural Nursing Class.

Presentation about Puerto Rico for Transcultural Nursing Class.

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    • The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico• Is an unincorporated territory of the United States. Unincorporated territory is an area controlled by the government of the United States, but which is not a part of the United States proper.• Puerto Rican’s are US Citizens and possess all the rights and obligations of citizens such as paying Social Security, receiving federal welfare and serving in the armed forces, except for the right to vote in presidential elections and the obligation to pay federal taxes. Seal Puerto Rican flag Coat of Arms
    • PeopleThe population in Puerto Rico is made up of variouspeoples. Their diversity is the result of the mixing ofdifferent ethnic groups that, at one time oranother, (Taino Indians, Africans, Spaniards and Population: 3,989,133 (July 2011others) settled on the island est.) Ethnic Composition Marriage Rate: 9.2 per 1000 persons White (Spanish origin) African American Divorce Rate: 4.47 per 1000 Asian Amerindian persons (2004) Language: Spanish and English are Mixed Other the official languages but Spanish is without a doubt the dominant 4% language 3% 2% 11% Average Family Size: 3.5 people 7% Average Family Income: Between $25,000 & $26,000 per year 73% Unemployment Rate: 13.5%
    • Religion• The major religions are: Catholic (85%), Protestants (8%), non religious (2.3%), and others (3%). Churches of many denominations can be found throughout the Santeria island. Some islanders ascribe to spiritualism (espiritismo), and others practice Santeria, an Afro- Caribbean belief system brought to Puerto Rico from Cuba. There is also a small Jewish community.
    • CulturePuerto Ricans love their country, and at the same time accept thefree association with the United States, always emphasizingloyalty to their own culture, folklore, hospitality and way of life.Coqui: While the coqui-a tiny frogfound everywhere in the island isonly an "unofficial nationalsymbol", its image figuresprominently in Puerto Rican cultureand heritage. When Puerto Ricanswant to express theirnationality, they say: Soy de aquícomo el coquí (Im as Puerto Ricanas a coquí).
    • Santeria The practice of Santería dates to the 15th century. Not allowed to practice their traditional religion, the Santería priests, called Santeros, hid their rituals under the guise of Roman Catholic figures. A Botánica is a specialized shop that retails a variety of articles such as figurines of plastic, wood, wax and porcelain, pictures of saints, rosary beads, candles, dried herbs, amulets, prayer books, and other religious pieces, mixing Christian, African and Caribbean motifs.
    • Culture• Azabache Bracelets - Mal de ojo , or evil eye, is believed to result of excessive admiration or envious looks by others. Having newborn babies wear an azabache (a gold bracelet or necklace with a black or red coral charm in the form of a fist), is believed to protect them from the evil eye.• Quinceañeros - The quinceañera tradition started centuries ago as an important social ritual to commemorate the transition from adolescence to womanhood. This celebration often includes a religious ceremony at church, followed by a party. Dinner is often included as part of the nights festivities and the cutting of the multi-tiered cake.
    • Salsa MusicThe major type of music coming out of Puerto Rico is salsa, the rhythm ofthe islands. Its name literally translated is the "sauce" that makes partieshappen. Originally developed within the Puerto Rican community of NewYork, it draws heavily from the musical roots of the Cuban and theAfrican-Caribbean experience. Highly danceable, its rhythms are hot,urban, rhythmically sophisticated, and compelling. Tito Puente “King of Salsa”
    • Reggaeton MusicIs a relatively new genre of dance music that has become popular inPuerto Rico over the last decade. The name is derived from the reggaemusic of Jamaica which influenced reggaetons dance beat. Reggaetonwas also heavily influenced by other Puerto Rican music genres and byurban hip-hop music in the United States. Puerto Ricans have claimedreggaeton as their own partly due to the fact that the movement wasoriginally anti-establishment. Reggaeton is now more accepted withinthe commonwealth. Daddy Yankee Ivy Queen Tito “El Bambino”
    • Puerto Rican Day ParadeThe National Puerto Rican Day Parade takes place annuallyalong Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, on the second Sunday inJune, in honor of the nearly 4 million inhabitants of PuertoRico and nearly 4 million people of Puerto Rican birth orheritage residing in the United States. The first parade washeld on Sunday, April 13, 1958, in Spanish Harlem “ElBarrio”. The second parade was held for the first time alongFifth Avenue in New York City. 1958 2007 2011
    • Food• Although Puerto Rican cooking is somewhat similar to both Spanish, Cuban and Mexican cuisine, it is a unique tasty blend of Spanish, African, Taíno, and American influences, Locals call their cuisine "cocina criolla“ .• Rum is the national drink• Piraguas : A shaved ice cone covered with syrup of fruity flavors. Those who sells "piraguas" are known as piragüeros . carne frita con cebolla mojo isleño lechón asado
    • Health CareMany Puerto Ricans classify illnesses, medicines, and foods according to an etiological andtherapeutic system which derives historically from Hippocratic humoral theories of disease.Adherence to this system influences the way in which patients comply with therapeuticregimens. Major Causes of Death per 100,000 population (1993) Heart & Disease 29.2 38 Cancers 142.6 Diabetes 55.1 Cerebrovascular Disease 95.4 Pneumonia & Influenza
    • Health Care• Diseases are classified as hot or cold and foods, medicines, and herbs are believed to be hot, cold, or cool. Illness is believed to be caused when the body becomes too hot or cold, which causes an imbalance. In order to cure an illness, a food, medicine, or herb with an opposite quality than the disease would have to be administered. While the temperature of the foods themselves has nothing to do with their classification, the Puerto Rican illness etiology attributes temperature changes as the causes of some illnesses. For instance, arthritis pain is seen as cold, caused by placing hands into cold water after they have been submerged in hot water. Also, the common cold is seen as being caused by a chill or a draft felt by moving from a heated space into an unheated space.• Medical treatment of Puerto Rican patients who ascribe to the Hot-Cold theory requires that the doctor or healer understand the theory. For instance, when a patient has a cold and is asked to drink fruit juice, they may refuse. Fruit juice is seen as cool, which would only make their cold worse. Adverse side effects from medication can also cause a treatment issue. If a patient has a cold illness, such as joint pains and is prescribed “hot” penicillin, he or she will take the medicine. However, if she or he experiences a side effect of diarrhea or constipation (both viewed as hot) from the medication, the patient will most likely stop taking it. One way around this problem is that the doctor could advise the patient to take fruit juice or another cool substance with the penicillin in order to neutralize the effects of the medication. Puerto Ricans refer to this activity as refreshing the stomach.
    • Mi esposo y su hijo