Behavior Management       Part 1
Discipline vs. Punishment• Discipline = to teach  – Healthy/safe behavior  – Appropriate behavior  – Respectful behavior• ...
Why we discipline?• To help children be more successful  (socially and behaviorally) right now• To help children grow into...
Being Great Teachers     (Disciplinarians)• Great teachers… (are patient,  humorous, help you feel good about  yourself, a...
The Myths of Discipline• Positive discipline means never saying “no”   or correcting a child• Positive discipline leads to...
Behavioral Psychology 101 • 3 strategies to change behavior   – Positive reinforcement   – Extinction   – Punishment
Positive Reinforcement• Something rewarding/reinforcing happens/is  given - and increases the behavior that came  right be...
Extinction• Something rewarding/reinforcing is removed –  and decreases the behavior that came right  before  – Example: c...
Punishment• suffering, pain, or loss that serves as  retribution  – Example: yelling at a child for throwing food or    sp...
Don’t Water the Weeds• We often do the reverse of what we  should do  – We ignore the behavior we like – “starving our    ...
9 Rules of Good Discipline
#1 - Build a StrongPositive Relationship   with the Child
#2 - Know what isrewarding/reinforcing to that      particular child
#3 – Have Reasonable    Expectations
#4 – Decide on THE      RULES
#5 – Decide on the clear,   consistent, reasonableconsequences for following -    and not following –        THE RULES
#6 – Be SERIOUSLY     consistent
#7 – Use your words
#8 – Always help the child safe   face/preserve their self           respect
#9 – Keep yourself out        of it
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Behavior management part 1

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presentation for parents or teachers on child behavior management

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Behavior management part 1

  1. 1. Behavior Management Part 1
  2. 2. Discipline vs. Punishment• Discipline = to teach – Healthy/safe behavior – Appropriate behavior – Respectful behavior• Punishment = suffering, pain, or loss that serves as retribution (per Merriam-Webster dictionary)
  3. 3. Why we discipline?• To help children be more successful (socially and behaviorally) right now• To help children grow into successful adults• To help parents and teachers enjoy children more
  4. 4. Being Great Teachers (Disciplinarians)• Great teachers… (are patient, humorous, help you feel good about yourself, are honest, have reasonable expectations, forgive, have fun, etc.)• Great teachers DO NOT call you bad names, hit you, make fun of you
  5. 5. The Myths of Discipline• Positive discipline means never saying “no” or correcting a child• Positive discipline leads to bratty behavior• TRUTH: positive discipline uses sound behavioral principles to change children’s behavior• Physical discipline is necessary to teach appropriate behavior• TRUTH: multiple studies show physical discipline is associated with increases in problem behavior • See American Psychological Association article at http://www.apa.org/monitor/2012/04/spanking.aspx
  6. 6. Behavioral Psychology 101 • 3 strategies to change behavior – Positive reinforcement – Extinction – Punishment
  7. 7. Positive Reinforcement• Something rewarding/reinforcing happens/is given - and increases the behavior that came right before – Example – praising a child who shares a toy at class – and the child becomes more likely to share over time• = MOST powerful way to change behavior• Reward/reinforcer has to be positive to the child• NOTE: negative attention can be rewarding/ reinforcing especially as opposed to being ignored
  8. 8. Extinction• Something rewarding/reinforcing is removed – and decreases the behavior that came right before – Example: child is sent to time out for hitting, and becomes less likely to hit over time• For young children, often the best reward/reinforcer to remove is your attention (ignoring, time out)• For older children, best reward/reinforcer to remove is the privilege they like best (cell phone, media time, time with friends, etc.)
  9. 9. Punishment• suffering, pain, or loss that serves as retribution – Example: yelling at a child for throwing food or spanking a child for getting out of their bed during naptime• = LEAST effective strategy to change behavior• Often leads to sneaky behavior, and resentment towards the parent/teacher
  10. 10. Don’t Water the Weeds• We often do the reverse of what we should do – We ignore the behavior we like – “starving our little plant” (when we should be rewarding/reinforcing) – And give lots of negative attention to the behavior we don’t like – “watering the weeds” (when we should be ignoring or giving time-out or removing a privilege)
  11. 11. 9 Rules of Good Discipline
  12. 12. #1 - Build a StrongPositive Relationship with the Child
  13. 13. #2 - Know what isrewarding/reinforcing to that particular child
  14. 14. #3 – Have Reasonable Expectations
  15. 15. #4 – Decide on THE RULES
  16. 16. #5 – Decide on the clear, consistent, reasonableconsequences for following - and not following – THE RULES
  17. 17. #6 – Be SERIOUSLY consistent
  18. 18. #7 – Use your words
  19. 19. #8 – Always help the child safe face/preserve their self respect
  20. 20. #9 – Keep yourself out of it

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