Final project report

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Final project report

  1. 1. FINAL PROJECT REPORT STUDENT NAME: Mohamed Saeed STUDENT ID: H00208564 COURSE NAME: Fluid Power COURSE CODE: EMCH N300 INSTRUCTOR: John Roger Brooks
  2. 2. Table of Contents PART I-ABSTRACT .......................................................................................................................................... 3 PART II-DETAILS ............................................................................................................................................. 4 PART III-CONCLUSION AND RECCOMENDATIONS ........................................................................................ 5 PART IV-APPENDIXES .................................................................................................................................... 5 PART V-REFRENCES ..................................................................................................................................... 11 PART VI-ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ................................................................................................................... 11
  3. 3. PART I-ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: A can crusher is a device used for crushing empty aluminum soda cans for easier storage in recycling bins. For those who are frequent recyclers, their recycle bins may fill up very quickly. The can crusher gives extra space by crushing and flattening aluminum cans. SCOPE: Design and build a pneumatic system that will function as a can crusher, fed by a chute and crushing two cans simultaneously. The cans will be packed manually and the system will be operated by a user. When the system is switched ON and the gate of the chute is opened, the cans will slide and then will be pushed by an actuating cylinder towards a metal block. When a can is crushed it will slide through a slot in the bottom and then fall into a collection basket. TASK DISTRIBUTION: Design & Supervision Ahmed Jasim Mohamed Al midfa Mohamed Saeed Mohamed Sami Rashed Ahmed Selection of components  Selection of Material  Welding Assembly    Fabrication       As my team and I distributed the tasks, we agreed that I would supervise the project. As supervisor, I helped design the device as well as perform the required calculations. I also helped in the selection and purchasing of the components for the pneumatic system. I suggested that my team mates would take over on welding and fabrication as they are more experienced than me. While Ahmed took the role of selecting the materials used as he has experience in working in the steel industry.
  4. 4. PART II-DETAILS ENGINEERING UNITS: - Pressure: Force: Dimensions: ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS: conditions. Pascal (Pa) Newton (N) meter (m) The can crusher device was designed to operate in ambient ASSUMPTIONS: It was assumed that a force of approximately 350N is needed to crush an aluminum can, therefore we set a minimal force of 1000N (1kN) to crush two cans. MATERIAL: Aluminum was used to fabricate the crushing chamber and crushing plate, while carbon steel was used to build the table and collection basket. CALCULATIONS: Given: (Bore Size = 25mm) & (Force required = 1KN) & (Pressure =??) Using the following equations: - V = Area x Stroke Length It was calculated that a minimum pressure of 2MPa is needed to operate the can crusher. BUILDING STEPS: - 5 plates of aluminum were cut, 4 for the chamber walls and 1 for the crushing plate Sides of the plates were drilled with threaded holes to fit screws Openings were drilled into one of the plates to allow the cylinder to fit in Two of the plates were attached to clamps that could be fitted onto the table Pneumatic system was assembled as shown in circuit diagrams (see appendix) RESULTS: The device was tested by connecting it to 2 different compressors. When the first compressor was connected, the crusher was able to crush two cans with no problems faced. When the second compressor was connected, the crusher could only crush one can at a time, probably because the compressor could not supply sufficient pressure. Overall, the device performed well and met our primary goals.
  5. 5. PART III-CONCLUSION AND RECCOMENDATIONS The end-product of the project had minor deviations from the initial designs. No chute was fabricated due to the complexity of the fabrication process and the lack of both material and time. No safety interlocks were added to the system, a double acting cylinder was used rather than a spring-equipped single acting cylinder and a manual directional control valve was used instead of an electronic solenoid valve. Nonetheless, the device functioned properly crushing two cans when supplied with the correct amount of pressure. The main goal of the project was to design and build an environmentally friendly device that will aid in the packing of recyclable material (in this case aluminum cans) and this goal was met in our device. The device could be improved by applying the following adjustments: - Tilt cylinder 90 degrees so that shorter tubes could be used and to prevent unwanted bundling. Add a portable compressor to the table so that the device could be used in locations where a compressor could not be provided. Add safety features such as a transparent safety guard and a system that will not allow the piston cylinder to extract or retract when the guard is not in place. PART IV-APPENDIXES DESIGN DRAWINGS:
  6. 6. CIRCUIT-DIAGRAM: LIST OF PARTS: - Piston-cylinder FLR combination (Filter, Lubricator and Regulator) Two way - four port directional control valve Pneumatic pump (compressor) Tubing Fittings
  7. 7. HVL series HAND-OPERATED VALVE Products:HAND-OPERATED VALVE Model HVL-601 HVL-602 HVL-802 HVL-803 HVL-631 HVL-632 HVL-832 HVL-833 Port Size No. of Position Rc(PT) 1/8" 1/4" 1/4" 3/8" 1/8" 1/4" 1/4" 3/8" Operation 5 Ports 2 Positions Manual, Front and End Swinging 5 Ports 3 Positions Manual, Front and End Swinging Orifice mm2(Cv) 14 (0.78) 14 (0.78) 18 (1.0) 18 (1.0) 14 (0.78) 18 (1.0) 18 (1.0) 50 (2.78) Pressure Range Kgf/cm2 (Kpa) 1~7 (100~700) 1~7 (100~700)
  8. 8. F.R.L. COMBINATION Products : F.R.L. COMBINATION Port Pressure Size Flow Rate Range Filter Regulator Lubricator Rc L/min(ANR) Kgf/cm2(KPa) (PT) Equipment Model Model NC-100 NC-200 NC-300 NC-400 NC-450 NC-500 M5 NF-100 NR-100 -01 -01 NF-200 NR-200 -02 -02 NF-300 NR-300 -03 -02 -03 NF-400 NR-400 -04 -04 NF-450 NR-450 -06 -06 NF-500 NR-500 -10 NL-100 NL-200 NL-300 NL-400 NL-450 NL-500 M5 130 1/8" 1/8" 1/4" 1/4" 3/8" 1/4" 3/8" 1/2" 1/2" 3/4" 3/4" 1" 150 700 750 1300 1500 2700 2700 3000 5000 5000 8000 9000 Remarks -H : Manual drain cock -H-F1 : Manual drain cock (With fitting) 0.5~8.5 -S : Semi-Auto drainer (50~850) -S-F2 : Semi-Auto drainer (With fitting) -A : Auto drainer
  9. 9. DMB series STANDARD CYLINDER Products : Standard cylinder Model Bore Theoretical Speed Size Mounting Thurst Operation Range Ø type Kgf mm/s mm DMB-32 Ø 32 40 DMB-40 Ø 40 62 DMB-50 Ø 50 98 DMB-63 Ø 63 155 DMB-80 Ø 80 251 DMB-100 Ø 100 392 DMBD-32 Ø 32 34 DMBD-40 Ø 40 52 DMBD-50 Ø 50 82 DMBD-63 Ø 63 140 DMBD-80 Ø 80 226 DMBD-100 Ø 100 352 DMBL-32 Ø 32 34 DMBL-40 Ø 40 52 DMBL-50 Ø 50 82 DMBL-63 Ø 63 140 DMBL-80 Ø 80 226 DMBL-100 Ø100 352 Standard Type Pressure Standard Range stroke Kgf/cm2 mm (Kpa) 50~500 FA Type Double FB Type 1~9 50~600 50~700 Acting LB Type (100~900) CA Type 50~700 CB Type TC Type Standard Type 50~500 Double FA Type Acting FB Type 1~9 50~600 50~500 (Double LB Type (100~900) Rod ) CA Type 50~700 CB Type TC Type Standard Type 50~500 Double FA Type Acting FB Type 1~9 ( 50~500 50~600 LB Type (100~900) Adjustable CA stroke) Type 50~700 CB Type TC Type 2 Note: Theoretical Thrust: When air supply to be 5 Kg / cm 。
  10. 10. PHOTOGRAPHS:
  11. 11. PART V-REFRENCES - http://www.chelic.com/ http://soxiba.com/ PART VI-ACKNOWLEDGMENTS My team members and I would like to acknowledge the efforts of Mr. Mohamed Amin from the ADMC Mechanical Workshop, and the amount of time he had spent in able to aid and facilitate our project.

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