Hedge Ohari


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Hedge Ohari is a monthly finance magazine that provides its readers comprehensive knowledge and insight about the various aspects of financial planning and the entire spectrum of investment and wealth creation methods, viz. stock market, mutual fund, real estate, gold, bonds, banking and so on. The magazine’s content includes articles, features and interviews about the diverse areas related to finance and business.

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Hedge Ohari

  1. 1. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 1
  2. 2. 2 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013
  3. 3. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 3 Printed, published and owned by Alex K.Babu, printed at Sterling Print House (P) Ltd., Ponekkara- Cheranelloor Road, AIMS Ponekkara PO, Cochin-41 for Varna Offset Printers (EKM) and published at Hedge Equities, Hedge House, Mamangalam, Kochi, Pin- 682 025. Editor: K. Aravind Hmlcn hn¬∏ bm{¥n-I-amb NSßv am{Xtam? [IΩn An-b-{¥n-X-ambn h¿[n-°p-∂-XmWv ΩpsS k¿°m¿ tcn-Sp∂ {][m {]iv-ß-fn-sem-∂v. sNehpw hchpw XΩn-ep≈ h¿[n®p h-cp-∂- A¥cw nI-Øm≥ k¿°m-cnv IqSp-X¬ hmbv]- sb-Sp-°msX am¿K-an-√. F∂m¬ AXv aqew k¿°m-cns‚ hmbv]m _m[yX h¿[n-°p-Ibpw JP-mhv Ap-Znw timjn-®p-h-cn-Ibpw sNøpw. hmbv]sb Aan-X-ambn B{i-bn-°p∂ ÿnXn Hgn-hm-°p- Ibpw hcp-am--Øn-mbn B`y-¥c t{kmX-kp-Isf Xs∂ D]-tbm- K-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xnp≈ {ia-ß-fpsS `mK-am-bmWv s]mXp- ta-Jem Iº-n-I-fpsS Hml-cn-Iƒ `mKn-I-ambn hn¬°pI F∂ bw k¿°m¿ Ign™ Ipsd kmº-ØnI h¿j-ß-fn-embn S-∏n- em-°n-h-cp-∂-Xv. s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]--ß-fpsS Hml-cn-Iƒ hn‰-gn-°p∂Xv BZy- sams° ISpØ FXn¿∏v £Wn-®p-h-cp-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Ct∏mƒ AØcw FXn¿∏p-I-fpsS kzcw Zp¿_-e-am-bn-´p-≠v. h≥InS kzImcy Iº-n-Iƒ ]Ww Is≠-Øp-∂-Xnp≈ G‰hpw anI® hgn-bmbn Hmlcn hn]-Wnsb ImWp-tºmƒ s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]- -ß-fpsS qdv iX-amw Hml-cn-Ifpw k¿°m¿ Xs∂ ssIhiw sh®n-cn-°Ww F∂v n¿_‘w ]nSn-°p-∂Xn¬ A¿∞-an-√. s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]--ß-fpsS Hmlcn hn¬∏ Imcy-£-a- ambn S∏n-em-°n-bm¬ am{Xta AXn¬ n∂v ]c-am-h[n KpWw k¿°m-cnv D≠m-°m-mIq. s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]--ß-fpsS Hml- cn-Iƒ hn‰v hcp-amw Is≠-Øp-∂Xv Ign™ Ipsd kmº-ØnI h¿j-ß-fmbn k¿°m-cns‚ ]Xn-hm-Wv. ]Xn-hm-bn sNøp∂ {]hr- Øn-Iƒ°v Imcy-£-aX Ipd-™p-h-cp-∂XmWv k¿°m-cns‚ Imcy- Øn¬ ]e-t∏mgpw kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]--ß-fpsS Hml-cn hn¬∏-sbbpw k¿°m¿ bm{¥n-I-amb Hcp NSßv am{X- ambn I≠p-Xp-S-ßn-sb∂mWv Ign™ kmº-ØnI h¿j-Ønse k¿°m-cns‚ sNbvXn-Iƒ hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xv. Ign™ kmº-ØnI h¿jw Ggv s]mXp-ta-Jem Iº-n-I-fpsS HmlcnIƒ hn¬∏-°p sh® k¿°m¿ Hml-cn-I-fpsS aqey-n¿W-bw, hn¬∏-°p sh°p∂ Xv icn-bmb ka-b-Øm-tWm-sb∂ hne-bn-cp-ج, anI® hne e`y- am-°m≥ th≠ S-]-Sn-Iƒ XpS-ßnb Imcy-ß-fn¬ Imcy-£-a-X-bn- √msXbmWv {]h¿Øn-®Xv. Cu hnj-bsØ Ipdn-®mWv slUvPv HmlcnbpsS Cu e°Ønse Ih¿tÃmdn N¿® sNøp-∂-Xv. slUvPv Hmlcnsb Ipdn-®p≈ nß-fpsS hne-tb-dnb A`n- {]m-b-ßfpw n¿tZi-ßfpw kzmKXw sNøp∂-p. sI.-A-c-hnμv FUn-‰¿, slUvPv Hmlcn editor@hedgeequities.com April 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Price: Rs. 25 Editorial Company Management Managing Director Alex K Babu Chief Executive Officer N. Bhuvanendran Chief Operating Officer Bobby Jose Editor K. Aravind Marketing Manager (Sales) K.G. Girish Kumar Marketing Executive Maria Namitha Correia Research Team Head-Research & Strategies Group Krishnan Thampi K Senior Fundamental Analyst Amar Chandramohan Senior Technical Analysts Renjtih K Economic&Commodity Analyst Vignesh S B K Fundamental Analyst Shajan K.S Marketing Consultancy Nova Centura Strategic Communications Layout & Design M.T.Gopalakrishnan, DezignCentre, Kochi Head OfficeHead OfficeHead OfficeHead OfficeHead Office Hedge Equities, Hedge House, Mamangalam, Kochi, Pin-682 025 Tel: 0484 3040400 E-mail: online@hedgeequities.com Website: www.hedgeequities.com Disclaimer The information contained inour report does not constitute an offer to sell securities or the solicitation of an offer to buy, any security. The information in our report is not intended as financial advice. Hedge Equities Ltd do not undertake the responsibility for any investment decision taken by the readers based on this report. Moreover, none of the research report is intended as a prospectus within the meaning of the applicable laws of any jurisdiction. The information and opinions contained in research reports have been compiled or arrived at from sources believed to be reliable in good faith, but no representation or warranty, express or implied, is made by Hedge Equities Ltd to their accuracy. Moreover, you should be aware of the fact that investments in securities or other financial instruments involve risks. Past results do not guarantee future performance.
  4. 4. 4 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Contents kwi-b-߃°v adp-]Sn hmb--°m-cpsS kwi-b-߃°v adp-]Sn ¬Ip-∂Xv slUvPv CIzn-‰okv No^v FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Hm^o-k¿ F≥.-`p-h-t-{μ≥ 22 cmPy-Ønp th≠n Cn-sb- ¶nepw kºm-Zn-®p- Xp-Sßmw.....18 kº-∂v k_vkn-Un, km[m-c- W-°m-cv kmº-ØnI`mcw.....21 "Uok¬ Im¿ amnb' ]Xps° C√m-Xm-Ip∂p.....26 ]cn-ÿn-Xn-bpsS aSn-bn¬ Ccp∂v amSn-hn-fn-°p∂ "tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n'.................28 tlm´¬ _nkn--kn¬ em`w Ipd-bp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm≠v?...30 sIm®n-bnse `h--hn-e-bn¬ sIm®n-bnse `h hne kqNnI 2011 Pqem-bv- ˛-sk-]v‰w-_¿ ss{Xam-kØnp tij-ap≈ G‰hpw Db¿∂ ne-bn-se-Øn. 87 BWv sIm®n-bnse Ct∏m-gsØ `h hne kqNn-I. 14 April 2013 hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ KWyambn nt£]w S-Øp-∂XmWv C¥y≥ hn]-Wn°v IcpØv ¬Ip- ∂Xv F∂Xp t]mse AXp Xs∂-bmWv hn]-Wn-bpsS Zu¿_-ey-hpw. Hcp G°¿ ÿesØ ]∏mb Irjn-bn¬ n∂pw H∂c h¿j-Øn-p-≈n¬ Ipd- ™Xv A©v e£w cq]bn- tesd em`w tSmw. ]∏mb Irjn-bn-eqsS anI® hcp-amw tSmw 24 hn]-Wn-bn¬ cXv-ß-fpsS UnkvIu≠v skbn¬ 24,000 tImSn cq] kam-l-cn-°pI F∂ e£y-tØmsS c≠v alm-cXv Iº-n-Ifpw aq∂v hcXv Iº-n-Ifpw Dƒs∏sS Ggv s]mXp-ta-Jem Iº-n-I-fpsS Hml-cn-IfmWv Ign™ kmº-Øn-I-h¿jw k¿°m¿ hn‰-gn-®-Xv. k¿°m-cnv ]Ww kam-l-cn-°p-∂-Xn-p≈ X{X-∏m-Sn¬ Xosc Ipd™ hn-e-bmWv an° Iº-n-I-fp-sSbpw Hml-cn-Iƒ°v n›-bn-°-s∏-´-Xv. . 8 hntZi nt£-]-I¿ Ic-Sn-I-fmbn amd-cp-tX-sb∂ {]m¿∞--bn¬ hn]Wn Hcp h¿j-Øn-nsS 21 iX-amw h¿[ .............................6
  5. 5. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 5
  6. 6. 6 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Real Estate sIm®nbn Hcp h¿j- Ign™ kmº-ØnI h¿jw HIvtSm-_¿ apX¬ Unkw-_¿ hsc-bp≈ ss{Xamk Øn¬ C¥ybnse 18 {]apJ K-c-ß-fnse `h--hn-e-bn¬ h¿[--bp-≠m-b-Xmbn mj- W¬ luknwKv _m¶n (F≥-F-®v_n)-s‚ `h hne kqNnI hy‡-am-°p-∂p. `h hne kqNn-I-bn-ep-≠mb am‰w Ap-k-cn®v Ign™ Hcp h¿j-Øn-nsS sIm®n-bnse `h--hn-e-bn¬ 21 iX-amw h¿[--bm-Wp- ≠m-bXv. ap≥ss{X- am-k-hp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNøp- tºmƒ `h--hn-e-bn¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ h¿ [--bp-≠mb K-c-ß-fn¬ sIm®n A©mw ÿm-Øm-Wv. Pqem-bv-˛-sk-]v‰w-_¿ ss{Xam- k-hp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNøp-tºmƒ sIm®n- bnse `h--hn-e- kqNnIbn¬ 8.8 iX-amw h¿[--bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. sIm®n-bnse `h hne kqNnI 2011 Pqem-bv-˛-sk-]v‰w-_¿ ss{Xam-kØnp tij-ap≈ G‰hpw Db¿∂ ne-bn-se-Øn. 87 BWv sIm®n-bnse Ct∏m-gsØ `h hne kqNn-I. CXv Ign™ A©v ss{Xam- k-ß-fnse G‰hpw Db¿∂ ne-hm-c-a-mWv. 2012 Pp-h-cn-˛-am¿®v ss{Xam-k-Øn¬ 72 Bbn-cp∂ `h hne kqNnI AXnp tijw {Iam-p-K-X-ambn Db-cp∂ {]h-W-X- bmWv I≠p-h-cp-∂-Xv. AtX kabw `h--hne kqNn-I-bn¬ Dƒs∏-´n-cn-°p∂ C¥y-bnse a‰v K-c-ß- fp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNøp-tºmƒ kqNnI G‰ hpw Xmgv∂ ne-bn-ep-≈Xv sIm®n-bnepw Pbv]q-cn-ep-am-Wv. kqNn-I-bn¬ Dƒs∏-´n-cn- °p∂ 17 K-c-ß-fn-sebpw kqNnI 100v apI-fn-em-Wv. C¥y-bnse 20 K-c-ß-fnse `h-hne- I-fpsS ASn-ÿm--ØnemWv mj-W¬ luknwKv _m¶v sdkn-sUIvkv F∂ t]cn ¬ Hmtcm K-c-Øn-sebpw hne kqNnI Xbm-dm-°n-bn-´p-≈Xv. CXn¬ c≠v K-c-ß- fn¬ am{X-amWv ap≥ss{X-am-k-hp-ambn Xmc- Xayw sNøp-tºmƒ HIvtSm-_¿-˛-Un-kw-_¿ ss{Xam-k-Øn¬ hne- C-Sn-hp-≠m-b-Xv. G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ hne h¿[--bp-≠m- C¥ybnse hnhn[ K-cß-fnse `h--hne kqNnI
  7. 7. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 7 se `h hnebn¬ Øn-nsS 21% h¿[ Xv `h--hn-e-Isf am{X-am-Wv. ItΩ¿jy¬ t{]m∏¿´n, `qan F∂n-h-bpsS hne sdkn- sUIvkn¬ ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. Hmtcm K-c-Øn-sebpw dnb¬ FtÉv GP‚p-am- cn¬ n∂pw `h hmbv]m Iº-n-I-fn¬ n∂pw _m¶p-I-fn¬ n∂pw tiJ-cn-°p∂ `h hne- kw_-‘n® hnh-cß-fpsS ASn- ÿm--Øn-emWv sdkn-sUIvkv cq]-s∏-Sp- Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. bXv apwss_bnem-Wv-˛9.6 iX-am-w. Zn√n- bn¬ 9.55 iX-am-hpw ]q-bn¬ 9.42 iX- am-hpw sIm¬°Øbn¬ 9.40 iX-am-hpw hne h¿[-hv D≠m-bn. C≥tUm-dnepw ^co-Zm-_m-Zn-ep-amWv hne -C-Sn-hp-≠m-b-Xv. D¬∏m-Z kma-{Kn-I-fpsS hneh¿[- hpw ]W-s∏-cp-∏-hp-amWv 18 K-c-ß-fnse hne-h¿[--bn¬ {]Xn-^-en-°p-∂-sX∂v mj-W¬ luknwKv _m¶v sNb¿ampw amt-PnwKv Ub-d-IvS-dp-amb B¿.-hn.-h¿a ]d- bp-∂p. 2007emWv sdkn-sUIvkv ne-hn¬ h∂- Xv. 2007 ASn-ÿm h¿j-ambn IW-°m°n B h¿jØnp tij-ap≈ hne hyXn-bm- -amWv sdkn-sU-Ivkn¬ Hmtcm ss{Xam- k-Ønepw {]Xn-^-en-°p-∂-Xv. 2007se kqNnI 100 BWv. 2007p tijw hne hyXn-bmw apI-fn-te-°m-sW-¶n¬ AXv 100v apI-fn-embpw hne hyXn-bmw Xmtg- °m-sW-¶n¬ AXv 100v Xmsg-bm-bpw tcJ- s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂p. Bdv K-c-߃ IqSn sdkn-sU-Ivkn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øpw. 2007se `h--hne kqNn-I-bpsS ASn-ÿm--Øn¬ ne-hn¬ sIm®n-bnse `h--hne 13 iX-amw Xmsg-bm-Wv. s d k n - s U Ivkv B[m-c- am-°p-∂ sIm-®n-bnse hnhn[ taJ-e-I-fnse `h--hne kqNnI sIm-®n-bnse hnhn[ taJ-e-I-fnse `h--hne kqNnIbnep-≠mb hyXn-bmw H≥]Xv K-c-ß-fnse hne kqNnI G‰hpw Db¿∂ ne-bn¬ `h--hne kqNn-I-bpsS ASn-ÿm-- Øn¬ sIm®n-bnse c≠v taJ-e-I-fnse `h hne ne-hmcw 2007se ne-hm-c-tØ- °mƒ apI-fn-em-Wv. t^m¿´v sIm®n, ]≈p- cp-Øn taJ-e-Ifn¬ `h--hne A©v h¿j sØ Db¿∂ ne--bn-em-sW-∂mWv `h hne kqNnI hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xv. apwss_, Zn√n, ]m‰v, Al-Ω-Zm-_m-Zv, sNss∂, eIvu, ]qs, kqd-‰v, _mw•q¿ XpS-ßnb {]apJ K-c-ß-fnse `h hne kqNnI 2007v tij-ap≈ G‰hpw Db¿∂ ne-bn-em-Wv. `h--hne kqNnI Ap-k- cn®v sNss∂-bn-emWv G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ `hhne h¿[-hv D≠m-b-Xv. 2007se hne- bp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNøp-tºmƒ 214 iX-am- -amWv h¿[-.
  8. 8. 8 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Cover Story c-Xv-I-fp-sSbpw ann-c-Xv-I-fp-sSbpw Hml- cn-Iƒ s]mXp-hn-]-Wn-bn¬ hn¬°p-Ibpw hntZ-iØp n∂pƒs∏-sS-bp≈ nt£]I ÿm]--߃ Ah hmßm≥ {]tXyI Xm¬∏cyw Im´p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ Hml- cn-I-fpsS aqey-ta-dp-∂p. ]t£ cXv-ß-fm-bmepw AhbpsS aqey-Ønv Ap-k-cn®v A¿ln-°p∂ hne In´-W-sa-¶n¬ hn]-Wn-bpsS ka-bhpw Unam‚nse IrXy-Xbpw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Ø-Ww. anI® hne In´-W-sa-¶n¬ anI-®Xv Xs∂ hn¬°p-Ibpw thWw. F∂m¬ alm-c-Xv- 24,000 tImSn cq] kam-l-cn-°pI F∂ e£y-tØmsS c≠v alm-cXv Iº-n-Ifpw aq∂v hcXv Iº-n-Ifpw Dƒs∏sS Ggv s]mXp-ta-Jem Iº-n-I-fpsS Hml-cn-IfmWv Ign™ kmº-Øn-I-h¿jw k¿°m¿ hn‰-gn-®-Xv. k¿°m-cnv ]Ww kam-l-cn-°p-∂-Xn-p≈ X{X-∏m-Sn¬ Xosc Ipd™ hn-e-bmWv an° Iº-n-I-fp-sSbpw Hml-cn-Iƒ°v n›-bn-°-s∏-´-Xv. sI.-A-c-hn-μv C¥y-bnse G‰hpw henb Ggv s]mXp- ta-Jem Iº-n-Isf alm-cXv Iº-n-Iƒ F∂mWv k¿°m¿ hnti-jn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. alm-c-Xv-ßfpsS ]´n-I°v ]pd-Øp≈ BtKmf `oa≥am¿ F∂ ne-bn¬ cmPym- ¥c hn]-Wn-bn¬ a’-c-£-a-X-bn¬ hnin jvS ÿm-ap≈ 15 Iº-n-Iƒ°v h-cXv ]Z-hnbpw ¬In-bn-cn-°p∂p. a‰v Hcp ]nSn "anncXv-'ßfpw C¥y-bnse s]mXp-ta- Jem tIm¿∏-td‰v temI-Øp-≠v. cXv߃°v Ah A¿ln-°p∂ hnti- j-s∏´ hne-bp-≠v. alm-cXv F∂ A]q¿ h _lp-a-Xn-bm-Ip-tºmƒ AXns‚ aqeyw km[m-cW cXv-ß-tf-°mƒ F{Xtbm aS- ßm-Ipw. h-c-Xv-ßfpw A]q¿h aqey-ap- ≈-Xm-Wv. ssIbn¬ Bh-iy-Ønv ]W-an- √m-ØXp sIm≠mWv Cu cXv-ßsf apdn- ®p-hn¬°m≥ ΩpsS k¿°m¿ Xocp-am-n- ®-Xv. cmIn-an-p°n sNdp-XmIpw tXmdpw cXv-Øns‚ Xnf-°hpw aqeyhpw Gdp-sa- ∂mWv k¶¬∏w. ΩpsS s]mXp-ta-J-e-bn se cXv-ß-fpsS Imcy-Ønepw Cu k¶¬ ∏-Ønv {]k-‡n-bp-≠v. k¿°m-cns‚ DS- a-ÿ-X-bn-ep≈ h-c-Xv-I-fp-sSbpw alm-
  9. 9. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 9 Ifpw h-c-Xv-Ifpw ann-c-Xv-Ifpw amdn- amdn hn¬∏-bv°v sh°p∂ k¿°m-cnv ssIh-i-ap-≈-hbpsS aqeyw Fs¥∂v, Ah- bn¬ G‰hpw aqeyap-≈h GsX-∂v, Ft∏m ƒ Ch hn‰m¬ anI® hne In´p-sa-∂v n›- b-apt≠m? n›-b-an-s√∂v am{X-a-√, kmº- ØnI h¿jw Ah-km--am-Ip-tºm-tg°pw In´p∂ hne°v ]e Aaq-ey-c-Xv-ßfpw hn‰v Bh-iy-ap≈ hcp-amw Hcp hn[w kam-l-cn-s®∂v hcp-Øp-∂-Xn-p≈ X{X- ∏mSmWv am¿®n¬ mw I≠-Xv. AtX kabw Xnf°w jvS-s∏´v "hne Ipd™' Nne cXv-߃ hmßm≥ Bsf In´m-n- s√∂ ÿnXnbpw h∂p. GXv Dc-°-√v D]-tbm-Kn®v am‰v Af- ∂mepw anI® hne n›-b- amb cXv-ß- ƒ ° m W v k¿°m¿ "Np fp-hne' Xd-hn- e-bmbn n›- bn-®-Xv. 96.38 cq] ]pkvX-I- a q - e y - a p ≈ Ão¬ AtXm- dn‰n Hm^v C ¥y (skbn ¬)-bpsS Hm lcn°v n›- bn® Xd-hne (^vtfm¿ss{]-kv) 63 cq]-bmWv. 45.46 cq] ]pkvX-I-aq-ey-ap≈ mj-W¬ Aeq-an-nbw Iº-n- (m¬tIm) bpsS Hml-cn-Iƒhn ‰Xv 40 cq]bv°m-Wv. m¬tIm-bpsS A©v iX- amw A[nI Hml-cn-Iƒ IqSn Ipd™ hnebv°v hn¬°m≥ {ian-s®-¶nepw nt£- ]-Isc In´n-bn-√. aqeyn¿W-bØnse ]mfn-®-Iƒ Nne IºnI-fpsS Imcy-Øn¬ hne Aan-X-ambn XmgvØmmbn a¿®‚ v _m ¶dpIƒ F∂ CS-n-e-°m¿ Ifn-°m≥ {ian- ®Xv k¿°m-cnv ]nSn-®p-an-√. 230 cq] hn]- Wn-hn-e-bp≈ Fw--Fw-Sn-kn-bpsS Hml-cn°v a¿®‚ v _m¶ dpIƒ n›-bn® ymb-hne tIhew 75 cq]-bm-Wv. ne-hn-ep≈ hne Hml-cn-bpsS aqeysØ {]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p-∂n- s√∂ ymbw ]d-™mWv a¿®‚ v _m ¶dpIƒ hfsc Xmgv∂ hne n¿tZ-in-®-Xv. Cu aqey-n¿ Wbw t_m[y-s∏-SmØXns XpS¿∂v Hmlcn hn¬∏ am‰n-sh-°m≥ k¿°m¿ Xocpamn®p. "Aaq-ey-c-Xv-'ß-fmb Cu Iº-n-I-fpsS bYm¿∞ aqeysØ ]‰n Ah-bpsS DS-a- ÿmb k¿°m-cnv IrXy-amb t_m[y- ap-s≠-¶n¬ am{Xta Hmlcn hn¬∏ hnP- b-I-c-am°n am‰m≥ km[n-°q. F∂m¬ hnP- b-I-c-amb Hmlcn hn¬∏-bv°v th≠n hy‡-amb ]≤-Xntbm IrXy-amb aqey-n¿ Wb coXntbm Bkq-{X-Wtam k¿°m-cn- n-√. hymh-km-bnI taJ-esb _m[n-°p∂ 96.38 cq] ]pkvX-I-aq-ey-ap ≈ Ão¬ AtXm-dn‰n Hm^v C¥y (sk-bn¬)-bpsS Hml cn°v n›-bn® Xd-hne (^vtfm¿ ss{]-kv) 63 cq]-bm Wv. 45.46 cq] ]pkvX-I-aq- ey-ap≈ mj-W¬ Aeq-an- nbw Iº-n- (m¬tIm) bp sS Hml-cn-Iƒ hn‰Xv 40 cq ]-bv°m-Wv. Ign™ kmº-ØnI h¿jw Hmlcn hn¬∏ S∂ s]mXp-ta-Jem Iº-n-Iƒ Iºn Xd-hne kam-l-cn® k_vkvss{I_v (cq-]) XpI (tImSn cq]) sNø-s∏´Xv lnμp-ÿm≥ tIm∏¿ 155 1389 0.58 aSßv F≥-Fw-Unkn 147 5888 1.73 aSßv Hmbn¬ C¥y 510 3114 2.56 aSßv F≥Sn-]nkn 145 11429 1.70 aSßv B¿kn-F^v 45 310 1.29 aSßv m¬tIm 40 629 0.61 aSßv skbn¬ 63 1514.5 1.004 aSßv hn¬∏ hnP-bn-∏n-t°≠ _m[yX F¬-sF-kn°v 24,000 tImSn cq] kam-l-cn-°p∂Xn- m bn F≥-Fw-Un-kn, lnμp-ÿm≥ tIm∏¿, Hmbn¬ C¥y, F≥Sn-]nkn, B¿kn-F^v, m¬tIm, skbn¬ F ∂o Ggv s]mXp-ta-Jem Iº-n-I-fpsS HmlcnIfmWv k¿°m¿ Ign™ kmº- ØnI h¿jw hn¬∏- °psh-®-Xv. k¿°m-cns‚ Hmlcn hn‰-gn-°¬ ]≤- Xn-bn-te°v hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]- -ßsf th≠{X B I ¿ j n - ° m ≥ k¿°m-cnv Ign- ™n-√. AØcw kml-N-cy-ß-fn¬ k¿°m-cns‚ Hml cn hn‰-gn-°¬ hnP- b-I-c-am-°mp≈ D Ø-c-hm-ZnØw F¬- sF-kn- t]mep≈ s]mXp -ta-Jem B `y-¥c nt£]I ÿm]߃°m Wv. hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]-- ߃t°m a‰v B`y-¥c nt£-]- I¿t°m Xm¬∏-cy-an-√mØ Iº-n-I- fpsS Hml-cnIƒ hmßm-p≈ _m[yX F¬-sF-kn°p taemWv k¿°m¿ sI´n- sh-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. DZm-l-c-W-Ønv CubnsS S∂ cm{„ob sIan-°¬kv B‚ v s^¿´n-sse-tkgvkn (B¿kn-F- ^v)s‚ Hml-cn- hn¬∏ hnP-b-I-c-am- °p-∂-Xnv F¬-sFkn 46 iX-amw Hml-cn-IfmWv hmßn-b-Xv. Ign™ kmºØnIh¿jw hn‰ lnμp-ÿm≥ tIm∏-dns‚ HmlcnIfn¬44 iX-am- hpw F¬-sF-kn-bmWv hmßn-b-Xv. 2011- ˛12 kmº-ØnI h¿jØn¬ HF≥ PnknbpsS t^mtfm Hm¨ ]ªnIv Hm^¿ hgn F¬-sFkn 12,000 tImSn cq]-bpsS nt£-]-amWv S-Øn-b-Xv. HF≥PnknbpsS ]ªnIv Cjyp-hn-eqsS kam-l-cn-°m≥ Dt±-in® XpI-bpsS GI-tZiw 90 iX-am-hpw F¬-sFkn S-Ønb nt£-]-ØneqsSbmWv k¿°m-cnv e`n-®-Xv. am¿®v 22v S∂ skbn-ens‚ Hm^ ¿ 100 iX-am-hpw k_vkvss{I_v sN ø-s∏-´Xv F¬sF-kn-bpsS klm-b- tØm-sS-bm-Wv. HF≥Pn-kn-bpsS Cjyphnv kam--ambncp∂p skbn- ens‚ Cjyp-hnp e`n® {]Xn-I-c- Whpw. Ah-km anp-´p-I-fn¬ am{X- amWv HF≥Pn-kn-bp-sSbpw skbn-en- s‚bpw Cjyp-Iƒ ]q¿W-ambn k_vkvss{I_v sNø-s∏-´-Xv.
  10. 10. 10 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Cover Story hnhn[ Imc-W-ß-fm¬ {lkz-Im-em-Sn-ÿm--Øn¬ {]I-S--Øn¬ Zu¿_eyw Im´p∂ Nne Iº-n-I-fpsS Hml-cn-I-sf- k¿°m¿ hn¬∏- bv°p sh®-t∏mƒ Ch-tbm- Sp≈ nt£-]-I-cpsS {]Xn- I-cWw XWp-Ø-Xm-bn. Ct∏mƒ hn¬t°≠ Iº-n- tb-sX∂ Xncn-®-dnhv k¿°m- cnv C√msX t]mb-XmWv AXnp Imc-Ww. sa‰¬, ssanwKv- t]mep ≈ taJ-e-Iƒ {lkz-Im-em- Sn-ÿm--Øn¬ tcn-Sp∂ {]iv-߃ aqew Cu taJ- Iºn hn‰ Hml-cn-I-fpsS F¬-sFkn F¬-sFkn FÆw hmßn-bXv hmßn-bXv (tImSn) (tImSn) (%) HF≥Pnkn 42.70 37.70 88.3% B¿kn-F^v 6.90 3.16 45.8% lnμp-ÿm≥ tIm∏¿ 5.20 2.25 43.6% F≥Sn-]nkn 78.30 12.03 15.4% F≥-Fw-Unkn 39.60 1.86 4.7% Hmbn¬ C¥y 6.01 C√ ˛ F¬-sFkn KWy-amb ]¶m-fnØw hln® Hmlcn tee-߃ e-bnse Hml-cn-Iƒ°v Unam‚ v Ipd ™ncn-s°-bmWv skbn-en- s‚bpw m¬tIm-bp-sSbpw Hml-cn-Iƒ k¿°m¿ hn¬∏bv°v sh®-Xv. Cu taJe sa®-s∏´ ne-bn-te°v Xncn-®p-h-cptºmƒ anI® hne°v hn¬°m≥ km[n-°p-am-bn- cp∂ Hml-cn-I-fmWv Xosc Ipd™ hnebv°v hn‰p-I-f-bp∂-Xv. AtX kabw FÆ-˛-hm-XI taJ-e-bnse ]cn-jvI-c W S-]-Sn-I-fpsS shfn-®-Øn ¬ Unam‚ v Gdnbncn-°p∂ s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]--amb Hmbn¬ C¥ybpsS Hmlcn hn‰-t∏mƒ 2.56 aS-ßmWv k_vkvss{I_v sNø-s∏-´-Xv. nt£-]I-cn¬ n∂v anI® {]Xn-I-cWw e`n® Hmbn¬ C¥ybpsS Hmlcn hn¬∏--bn¬ a‰v Iº-n-I-fpsS Hmlcn hn¬∏ hnP-b-I-c-am-°p-∂-Xn¬ n¿Wm-bI ]¶v hln® F¬-sFkn ]s¶- Sp-Ø-Xp-an-√. tNmcp∂ kºØv hn]-Wn-bn¬ enÃv sNø- s∏-´n-cn-°p∂ s]mXp-ta-Jem em¿PvIm∏v Hml-cn-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm--aq-ey-Øn¬ hnizmkw A¿∏n-®ncn-°p∂ sNdp-InS nt£-]-I¿ °mWv k¿°m-cns‚ CØcw CS-°me hn¬∏--I-ƒ aqew jvSw kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. skbn¬, m¬tIm XpS-ßn b Hml-cn-I-fn-ep-≠mb CSnhv nt£-]-I-cpsS kº-ØmWv tNm¿Øn-°-f-™-Xv. CØcw nt£-]-I-cpsS Xm¬∏cyw kwc-£n-°p∂ Xc-Øn¬ Hml-cn-Iƒ hn¬°p∂ kwhn-[mw krjvSn°m≥ k¿°m-cnv _m[y-X-bp-≠v. Hmlcn hn¬∏ Imcy-£- a-ambpw A¿ln-°p∂ hne e`y-am-Ip∂ coXnbnepw S-Øp-∂-Xnv imkv{Xo-b-amb kwhn-[mamWv k¿°m¿ BZyw krjvSn- t°-≠-Xv. AØcw kwhn-[m--Øns‚ A`m- h-Øn¬ S-Øp∂ Hmlcn hn¬∏ ΩpsS kºØv mw Xs∂ ]mgm-°p-∂- Xnv Xpey-am-Wv. hn]-Wn-bn¬ ne-hn¬ enÃv sNbvXn-´p≈ Hcp s]mXp-ta- Jem Iº-n-bpsS IqSp-X¬ Hml-cn-Iƒ hn‰-gn-°p-∂p-sh∂ {]Jym-]w k¿°m¿ S-Øp-tºmƒ Xs∂ Hmlcn hne CSn- bp-∂-XmWv Ap-`-hw. AXnp tijw Hmlcn hn¬∏--bpsS {]{Inb ]q¿Øn-bm-Ip-∂Xp hsc B Iº-n-bpsS Hmlcn Ic-Sn-I-fpsS B{I-a-W-Ønv XpS¿®-bmbn Cc-bm-bnsIm-≠n- cn°pw. hn]-Wn-bn¬ hym]mcw sNø-s∏-Sp∂ s]mXp-ta-Jem Iº-n-I-fpsS IqSp-X¬ HmlcnIƒ k¿°m¿ hn¬∏-bv°v sh°p-tºmƒ hn]-Wn-hn-e-tb-°mƒ Xmgv∂ hne-bn¬ hn¬°p- ∂p-sh∂ ap≥Ime Ncn-{X-amWv hn¬∏ {]Jym-]n-°-s∏-´- Xnp tijw Hml-cn-I-fpsS hne CSn-bp-∂-Xnv Imc-W-am-Ip- ∂-Xv. Ign™ kmº-ØnI h¿j-Ønse Ah-km amk-ß- fn¬ Hmlcn hn¬∏- S∂ skbn¬, m¬tIm, B¿kn- F^v F∂o s]mXp-ta-Jem Iº-nIfpsS Hml-cn-Iƒ hn¬∏- °v apºmbn 52 BgvN sØ Db¿∂ hne-bn¬ n∂pw 40-˛45 iX-amw CSn-™p. Cu Hml-cn-I- sf√mw Xs∂ 52 BgvN sØ Xmgv∂ hne-bn-te°v CSn-bpIbpw sNbvXp. Hm lcn hn¬∏ {]Jym-]n- ®-Xnp tijw am¿®v am k-tØmsS Cu Hml-cn-I- fpsS hn]-Wn-aq-ey-Øn¬ D≠mb CSnhv 30,000 tIm Sn cq]-tbm-f-am-Wv. G‰hpw henb almcXv Iº-n- bmb tImƒ C¥y-bpsS 10 iX-amw Hml-cn-Iƒ S∏p kmº-ØnI h¿jw hn¬°p-sa∂v am¿®n¬ {]Jym-]--ap-≠mb Znh kw Xs∂ Hml-cn-bpsS hne Bdv iX-am--amWv CSn-™-Xv. Hmlcn hne CSn-°m-mbn am{Xw hn¬∏
  11. 11. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 11
  12. 12. 12 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Xpdp-∏p-No´v BcpsS ssIbn¬? ASpØ temIvk`m sXc-s™- Sp-∏nv apt∂m-Sn-bm-bp≈ cmjv{Sob mS-I-ß-ƒ {]Xo-£n-®- Xn-t-°mƒ tc-sØ- Xs∂ sImgp-Ø-tXmsS Hmlcn hn]-Wn- bn¬ Nm©m-´-߃ i‡-amIp∂ {]h-W-X°v B°w IqSn. {]Xo-£n-®-Xn-t°mƒ Bdv amk-sa-¶n epw aptº Zn√n-bnse cmjv{Sob mSIß ƒ°v Xnc-ioe Db¿∂p. ASpØ temIv k `m sXc-s™-Sp∏v hsc Cu mSIw A{]- Xo-£nX SznÃp-Ifpw cm{„ob tXm-°-fpsS ]©v Ub-tem-Kp-I-fp-aSßnb akmeIq´p- ambn t{]£-Isc ckw ]nSn-∏n-®psIm-≠n- cn-°pw. HSp°w ss¢amIvtkm B‚n ss¢ amIvtkmsb∂v {]h-Nn-°m-m-ImØ hn[w IYm-]m{X _mlp-eyhpw thj-am-‰hpw nd- ™p-n¬°p-∂- Cu mS-I-Ønse SznÃp- Iƒ°v Ap-k-cn®v Hmlcn hn]Wn Nm©m- Sn-s°m-≠n-cn°pIbpw sNøpw. 2013¬ Hmlcn hn]Wn tcnSmn-cn°p ∂ {][m {]iv-ß-fn-sem∂v cmjv{Sob mS-I-ß-fm-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v tcsØ Xs∂ {]h-Nn-°-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. ]t£ {]Xo-£n-®-Xn- t-°mƒ A¬∏w tc-sØ-bmbn Imcy-ß ƒ. A{]-Xo-£nX kw`-h-߃°v ¬tI≠ hne hn]-Wn ¬Ip-I-bpw sNbvXp. UnFwsI tXmhv Fw.-I-cp-Wm-n[n XpS- ßn-sh® cmjv{Sob mS-I-Ønp tijw Hmlcn hn]Wn aq∂v Znh-k-Øn-Iw Xs∂ mev iX-amw CSn-™-t∏mƒ ]e Hml-cn- Ifpw Xo¿Øpw hne Ipd™ hne-bn-se- Øn. ap®o-´p-I-fn-bn-se∂ t]mse Xpdp-∏p-No´v Hfn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv Bsc∂v Hcp ]t£ Ifn-bpsS A¥y-Øn¬ am{Xw a-kn-em- Ip∂ {]h-N-m-Xo-X-amb NqXm´Ønte- °mWv Zn√n cmjv{Sobw {]th-in-®n-cn-°p-∂- Xv. F√m-hcpw Hcp ssI tm°m≥ Xs∂- bmWv `mhw. Xt‚-XmWv G‰hpw √ ssIsb∂ ico-c-`mjbmWv Cu Ifn-bnse Hmtcm ]¶m-fn-°p-ap-≈-Xv. B ico-c-`mj hymPtam bYm¿∞tam F∂ Bi-b-°p-g- ∏-Øns‚ An-›n-X-Xz-Øn-emWv a‰p-≈-h¿. Xan-gvmSv cmjv{So-b-Ønse Xm¬∏-cy-ß- fpsS t]cn¬ Zn√n cmjv{So-b-Øn¬ Im¿Uv Cd-°nb Icp-Wm-n[n BtWm _olm¿ cm{„o-b-Ønse hnP-b-Ønp th≠n H∏w n¬°p∂ _nsP-]nsbbpw X≈n-∏-d-bm≥ Xbm-dp≈ nXojv Ipam-dmtWm AtXm at‰sX--¶nepw Iui-e-°m-c-mb Ifn-°m-c- ap®o-´p-I-fn-bn-se An-›n- X-Xz-Øn-se∂ t]mse Xp dp-∏p-No´v Hfn-∏n-®n-cn-°p∂ Xv Bsc∂v Hcp ]t£ Ifn- bpsS A¥y-Øn¬ am{Xw a -kn-em-Ip∂ {]h-N-m-Xo X-amb NqXm´Ønte°m Wv Zn√n cmjv{Sobw {]th-in- ®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Political Theatre mtWm Cu Ifn-bnse A¥na hnPbn F∂v Ifn-bpsS ]e L´- ߃°p tijta hy‡-am-Iq. C¥y≥ Hmlcn hn]Wn G‰hpw IqSp- X¬ _‘-s∏´p n¬°p-∂Xv cmjv{So-b- tØm-Sm-Wv. H∂mw bp]nF k¿°m-cns‚ cq]o-I-cWw apX¬ Hmlcn hn]Wn kΩni- {i-amb {]Xn-I-c-W-amWv {]I-Sn-∏n-®-Xv. CS- Xp-]m¿´n-I-fpsS ]n¥p-W-tbmsS S-Ønb k¿°m¿ cq]o-I-c-W-Ønv ]n∂nse cmjv{Sob ka-hmIyw BZy-sam∂pw hn]-Wn- °v A{X Zln®n-√. F∂m¬ H∂mw bp]nF k¿°m-cns‚ `c-W-Im-eØv hn]Wn ]n∂oSv i‡-amb apt∂‰w ImgvN sh°pI Xs∂ sNbvXp. H∂mw bp]nF k¿°m-cnv CS- Xp-]m¿´n-Iƒ ]n ¥pW ]n≥h-en-®-t∏mƒ CSXp ]£ cmjv{So-b-tØmSv B`n-ap-Jy-an-√mØ Hmlcn hn]Wn AXn-tmSv {]Xn-I-cn-®Xv DW¿hv {]I-Sn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠m-Wv. `c-W-X-e- Øn¬ cmjv{Sob ÿncX XncnsI hcp∂p sh∂ {]XoXn krjvSn®psIm≠v bp]nF Ign™ temIvk`m sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ hnP- bn-®-Xnp tij-amWv C¥y≥ Hmlcn hn]Wnbn¬ Ncn-{X-Ønse G‰hpw henb apt∂-‰-ß-fn-sem∂v D≠m-b-Xv. UnFwsI krjvSn® {]Xn-k-‘ntbmSpw KmV-ambn Xs∂ hn]Wn {]Xn-I-cn-®p. Nm©m-´-ß- fpsS then-tb-‰hpw then-bn-d-°hpw Bbn- cn°pw Cn hn]-Wnsb `cn-°p-∂-Xv. cmjv{So-b-t-Xm-°-fmWv G‰hpw henb tImam-fn-Iƒ F∂v shfn-s∏-Sp-Øpw hn[w k¿°kv IqSm-c-Ønse …m]vÃn°v tIm aUnsb Ap-kva-cn-∏n-°p∂ Zriy-ß-fmWv Zn√n-bnse cmjv{Sob mS-I-Øn¬ I≠-Xv. ]n¥pW ]n≥h-en® UnFw-sI-bpsS tXm hv Ãmens‚ ho´n¬ kn_nsF sdbvUv S- Øp-Ibpw sdbvUv icn-b-s√∂ Akw-_‘ lmkyw ap‰n-n¬°p-∂- U-b-temKv ]d-bm ≥ s]mXpsh apn-bmb {][m--a{¥n t]m epw apt∂m-´p-h-cn-Ibpw {]tIm-]n-X-mb apem-bsØ Ap--bn-∏n-°m≥ ]m¿e-sa‚n s‚ AI-Ø-fØn¬ sh®p-Xs∂ tkmWnb Iq∏p-ssI-bp-ambn Imep-]n-Sn-°m≥ sN√p- ∂Xpw t]mep≈ Iem-]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fn-eqsS Akw-_‘ lmkyw th≠{X hnf-ºm≥ {ian-°p-∂p≠v Zn√n-bnse tImam-fn Xmc-ß ƒ. mSIw sImgn-°p-tºmgpw CXn-t-°mƒ sImgpØ tImamfn Zriy-߃ {]Xo£n °mw. ap®o-´p-I-fn-bn¬ tImam-fn-(tPm°¿)°m- Wt√m G‰hpw {][m ÿmw!
  13. 13. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 13
  14. 14. 14 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 hntZi nt£-]-I¿ Ic-Sn-I-fmbn amd-cptXsb∂ {]m¿∞--bn¬ hn]Wn hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ KWyambn nt£]w S-Øp-∂XmWv C¥y≥ Hmlcn hn]-Wn°v IcpØv ¬Ip-∂Xv. F∂m¬ AXp Xs∂-bmWv hn]-Wn-bpsS Zu¿_-ey-hpw. sI.-A-c-hn-μv C¥y≥ Hmlcn hn]Wnbn¬ hntZi nt£]I ÿm]-߃°p≈ ]¶m-fnØw Ct∏mƒ `oa-amb ne-bn-em-Wv. 2012epw 2013epw {]apJ C¥y≥ Iº-n-I-fpsS Hml- cn-Iƒ hmßn-°q-´p-∂-Xn¬ hntZi nt£] I ÿm]-߃ {]tXyI Xm¬∏cyamWv ImWn-®Xv. 2012 HIvtSm-_¿ apX¬ Unkw- _¿ hsc-bp≈ ss{Xam-k-Øn¬ _nF-kvC 100 kqNn-I-bn¬ Dƒs∏´ Iº-n-I-fnse hntZi nt£] ÿm]-ßfpsS Hmlcn ]¶m-fnØw 19.7 iX-am--ambn h¿[n-®p. CXv Cu Iº-n-I-fnse hntZi nt£]I ÿm]-ßfpsS F°m-e-sØbpw Db¿∂ Hmlcn ]¶m-fn-Ø-am-Wv. 2012 HIvtSm- _¿ apX¬ Unkw- _¿ Focus hsc 46,029 tImSn cq] C¥y≥ Hmlcn hn]- Wn-bn¬ A‰-n-t£]w S-Ønb hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ 2013 ]nd-∂-Xnp tijhpw Db¿∂ hne- bnepw anI® Hml-cn-Iƒ hmßp-∂-Xn¬ h¿[n-X-amb Xm¬∏-cy-amWv Im´n-b-Xv. Pphcn H∂v ap X¬ am¿®v 14 hsc 50,067 tImSn cq]-bpsS A‰-n-t£-]-amWv Ah¿ S-Øn-b-Xv. ap≥Im-e-ß-fn-te-Xn-t-°mƒ Hmlcn hn]Wn hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--ßsf B{i-bn-°p∂ ÿnXn-bmWv C∂p-≈-Xv. 2011 Unkw-_dnp tijw C¥y≥ Hmlcn hn] Wn S-Ønb apt∂‰w hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--ß-fpsS XWen-em-bn-cp-∂p. 2012 Pp-hcn apX¬ 2013 am¿®v hscbp≈ 15 amk-ß-fn¬ 12 amk-ß-fnepw hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ A‰-n-t£-]-I- cpsS tdmfn-em-bn-cp-∂p. AtX kabw Hml cn hn]Wn apt∂‰w ImgvN sh® Cu Ime- b-f-hn¬ B`y-¥c nt£]I ÿm]--ß ƒ C¥y≥ hn]-Wn-I-fnse Ic-Sn-I-fmbn amdp-I-bmWv sNbvX-Xv. 2013 Pphcn H∂v apX¬ am¿®v 14 hsc 31,091 tImSn cq]-bp sS A‰-hn¬∏-bmWv Ah¿ S-Øn-b-Xv. 2012 Pphcn H∂v apX¬ 2013 am¿®v 14 hsc hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ 1,80,214 tImSn cq]-bpsS A‰-nt£]w S- Øn-b-t∏mƒ B`y-¥c nt£]I ÿm]- -߃ 86,891 tImSn cq]-bpsS A‰-hn¬∏ S-Øn. B`y-¥c nt£]I ÿm]-- ßfn¬ IqSp-X¬ hn¬∏ S-Øn- bXv C≥jp-d≥kv Iº-n- I-fm-Wv. C≥jp-d≥kv Iº-n-I-ƒ 58,623 tImSn cq]-bpsSbpw ayqNz ¬ ^≠v Iº- n-Iƒ 28,268 tImSn cq]-bpsSbpw A‰- hn¬∏bmWv S- Øn-b-Xv. C¥y-bnse ^≠v amtP¿ amcn¬ `qcn-`m-Khpw Hmlcn hn]Wn "_p≈n-jm'-sW∂ A`n-{]m-bw Xs∂bmWv ] ¶p-sh-°p-∂-Xv. F∂n´pw Ah¿ amtPv sNøp∂ ayq Nz¬ ^≠p-Iƒ Hml-cn-Iƒ hn‰-gn-°p-∂p. {]Xy-£-Øn ¬ CsXmcp hntcm-[m-`m-k-am bn tXm∂mw. 14 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 sNdp-InS nt£-]-IcpsS ]¶m-fnØw h¿[n-°p-I-bm-sW- ¶n¬ Hmlcn hn]-Wnsb kwc-£n- °p∂ B`y-¥c i‡n-I-fmbn amdm≥ Ah¿°v km[n-°pw
  15. 15. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 15 B`y-¥c nt£-]I ÿm]- -߃ F¥p-sIm≠v Ic-Sn-I- fmbn amdp∂p? hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ C¥y ≥ Hml-cn-I-fn¬ Atß-b‰w "_p≈n-jm-'bn- cn-°p-tºmƒ ayqNz¬ ^≠p-Ifpw C≥jp- d≥kv Iº-n-Ifpw hn¬∏ S-Øp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm-≠mWv? C¥y-bnse ^≠v amt- P¿amcn¬ `qcn-`m-Khpw C¥y-≥ hn]Wn "_p≈n-jm'-sW∂ A`n-{]m-bw Xs∂bmWv ]¶p-sh-°p-∂-Xv. F∂n´pw Ah¿ amtPv sNøp∂ ayqNz¬ ^≠p-Iƒ Hml-cn-Iƒ hn‰-gn-°p-∂p. {]Xy-£-Øn¬ CsXmcp hntcm-[m-`m-k-ambn tXm∂mw. ^≠v amt-P¿am¿°v CjvS-ap-≠m-bn-´- √ Hml-cn-Iƒ hn¬°p-∂-Xv. ]t£ nt£- ]-I-cpsS ayqNz¬ ^≠v, bpen]v bqWn-‰p- Iƒ hn¬-°m-p≈ At]-£-Iƒ Ip∂p-Iq- Sp-tºmƒ Hml-cn-Iƒ hn¬°p-I-b-√msX Ak‰v amt-Pvsa‚ v Iº-n-Iƒ°pw C≥jp- d≥kv Iº-n-Iƒ°pw nhr-Øn-bn-√. nt£-]-I¿°v ]Ww ¬I-W-sa-¶n¬ Hml-cn-I-fnse nt£]w ]n≥h-en-®t√ aXn-bm-Iq. hn]-Wn-bnse bYm¿∞ "s_b- dp-Iƒ' sNdp-InS nt£-]-I-cm-sW∂v Npcp- °w. Hmlcn hn]Wn Db-cp-tºmƒ nt£]w ]n≥h-en°m-mWv sNdp-InS nt£-]-I¿ Xm¬∏-cy-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. CØ-c-Øn¬ ]n≥h-en- °-s∏-Sp∂ nt£-]-Øns‚ s√mcp ]¶pw At©m Btdm h¿jw apºv ayqNz¬ ^≠p- I-fnepw bpen-]p-I-fnepw nt£-]n-°-s∏´ XpI-bm-Wv. Bdv h¿jw apºv S-Ønb nt£-]߃ sNdnb em`-Øntem jvS- an-√m-sXtbm hn¬°m≥ e`n-°p∂ Ah-k- hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]-- ßsf Aan-X-ambn B{i-bn- °p-∂Xnse A]-ISw hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ KWyambn nt£]w S-Øp-∂XmWv Ωp sS hn]-Wn°v IcpØv ¬Ip-∂Xv F∂Xp t]mse AXp Xs∂-bmWv hn]-Wn-bpsS Zu¿_-ey-hpw. hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]- -ßsf IqSp-X-embn B{i-bn-°p∂Xp aqew Ah-cpsS ne-]m-Sns B{i-bn-®mbncn°pw hn]-Wn-bnse {]h-W-X-Iƒ n›-bn-°-s∏- Sp-∂-Xv. hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ A‰-hn¬∏--°m-cmbn amdn-bm¬ hn]-Wn- bn¬ Hgp-Ip-∂Xv c‡-∏p-g-bm-Ipw. 2008¬ mw AXv I≠-Xm-Wv. A∂-tØ-°mƒ hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--ßfpsS Hml cn ]¶m-fnØw Gdnb kml-N-cy-Øn¬ em`- sa-Sp-∏n-p≈ Ah-k-c-Øn-te°v Ah¿ Xncn-bp-∂ thf-I-fn¬ AXn-p≈ hne mw ¬tI≠n hcpw. Hmlcn hn]-Wn C∂sØ coXn-bn¬ B[p-n-I-h¬°-cn-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw kpXm-cy- amb kwhn-[m--ß-ƒ ne-hn¬ hcn-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂-Xnv apºp≈ ImeØv l¿jZv taØ-am-cmWv hn]-Wn-sb XI¿®-bn-te°v bn-®-sX-¶n¬ C∂v hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ hnNm-cn-®m¬ AØcw XI¿ ®-Iƒ Ft∏mƒ thW-sa-¶nepw kw`-hn- °mw. a‰v hn]-Wn-Iƒ BI¿j-I-ambn Ap- `-h-s∏-Sp∂ thf-I-fn¬ C¥y≥ hn]-Wn-bn ¬ n∂v hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ ]Ww ]n≥h-en-®m¬ hn]-Wnsb Xmßn- n¿Øm≥ B¿°p-am-In-√. ΩpsS hn]- Wnsb hntZ-in-Iƒ nb-{¥n-°pIbpw Ah- cpsS nb-{¥Ww IqSn-h-cn-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv Hcp Xc-Øn¬ A]-I-S-I-c-am-Wv. hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ Hml- cn-Iƒ hn‰-gn-°p-tºmƒ ayqNz¬ ^≠p-Iƒ t]mep≈ B`y-¥c nt£-]I ÿm]-- ߃ hmßp-∂-Xn¬ IqSp-X¬ {i≤-b¿∏n- °m-dp-s≠-¶nepw AXp-sIm≠p am{Xw C¥y ≥ hn]-Wnsb Xmßn-n¿Øm-p≈ tijn B`y-¥c nt£-]I ÿm]--߃°n√. ΩpsS Cu ]cn-anXn hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃°v NqjWw sNøm≥ km[n- °p-∂p-s≠-∂XmWv bmYm¿∞yw. CXp-aqew GXp ka-bØpw IØ hn¬∏--bn-eq-sS tbm IØ hmß-en-eq-sStbm hn]-Wn-bp sS KXn Ah¿°v n¿W-bn-°m≥ km[n- °p-∂p. i‡-amb ASn-ÿm--ß-fp≈ Iºn- I-fpsS Imcy-Øn¬ hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ F√m-bvt∏mgpw "_p≈njv' Bbn-cn-°p-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂-Xnepw ymb-an- √. nt£-] Xocp-am--߃ Hmtcm kml- N-cy-ß-ƒ°v Ap-k-cn-®mWv ssIsIm-≈p- ∂-Xv. hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ nt£]w S-Øp∂Xv C¥y-bn¬ am{X-a- √. C¥y-tb-°mƒ anI® hn]-Wn-I-fmbn a‰v cmPy-߃ Bhn¿`-hn-°-s∏-Sp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ In´nb em`-sa-SpØv C¥y≥ hn]-Wn-bn¬ n∂v ]n¥n-cn-bm≥ Ah¿ aSn ImWn-°n-√. ^nen-ss∏≥kn-sbpw Ct¥m-t-jy-sbbpw C¥y-tb-°mƒ anI® hn]-Wn-I-fmbn Hcp F®vUn-F^vkn 73.17 sFUn-F^vkn 53.16 sPbn≥ Cdn-tK-j≥ 49.06 sbkv _m¶v 48.3 bpssW-‰Uv kv]ncn´vkv 45.81 kuØv C¥y≥ _m¶v 44.77 s^U-d¬ _m¶v 43.54 F®vUn-sF-F¬ 41.79 {iodmw {Sm≥kvt]m¿´v 41.73 ^nm≥kv tIm¿∏-td-j≥ Pq_ne‚ v ^pUv 40.8 C≥t^m-knkv 40.55 F≥knkn 40.66 C¥ym-C≥t^m-sse≥ 39.92 slIvkmsh-b¿ sSIv 39.6 C≥U-kv-C≥Uv _m¶v 39.05 tamsW‰v Ckv]m‰v 38.53 At∏mtfm tlmkv]n-‰¬ 38.28 sdUnw-KvS¨ 38.05 ko F‚¿sS-bn≥sa‚ v 37.53 H]vt‰m k¿Iyq´vkv 37.34 ss{ÃUvkv At{Im-em_v 37.33 sFkn-sF-knsF _m¶v 37.03 aW-∏pdw ^nm≥kv 36.48 Fw&Fw ^nm≥kv 36.44 do At{Km 35.37 BIvknkv _m¶v 34.83 F¬-sFkn luknwKv 34.2 ^nm≥kv C¥ym-_pƒkv 39.91 ^nm≥jy¬ k¿ho-kkv thmƒSmw]v 33.76 {Sm≥kvt^m¿tagvkv F®vUn-F^vkn _m¶v 33.66 2012 HIvtSm-_¿ apX¬ Un kw-_¿ hsc-bp≈ ss{Xam- k-Øn¬ _nF-kvC 100 kqNn-I-bn¬ Dƒs∏´ Iº- n-I-fnse hntZi nt£] I ÿm]-ßfpsS Hmlcn ]¶m-fnØw 19.7 iX-am--am bn h¿[n-®p. CXv Cu Iº- n-I-fnse hntZi nt£] I ÿm]-ßfpsS F°m- e-sØbpw Db¿∂ Hmlcn ]¶m-fn-Ø-am-Wv. c-߃ Ah¿ {]tbm-P--s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. AtXmsS F¬-sFkn t]mep≈ C≥jp- d≥kv Iº-nIfpw Ak‰v amt-Pvsa‚ v Iº-n-Ifpw C¥y≥ hn]-Wn-bnse hn¬∏- -°m-cpsS tdmfn¬ kPo-h-am-Ip-∂p. hn¬∏- -bp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNøp-tºmƒ ]pXp- Xmbn hn]-Wn-bn-se-Øp∂ nt£]amIs´ hfsc ]cn-an-Xhpw. hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]- -߃°v ne-hn¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ Hmlcn ]¶m-fn-Ø- ap≈ 30 C¥y≥ Iº-n-Iƒ Iºn Hmlcn ]¶m-fnØw(%)
  16. 16. 16 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Focus b-t∏mƒ Hmlcn hn]Wn Db¿s∂-¶nepw t´w Ah-cp-tSXp am{X-am-bn. C¥y-bnse anI® Iº-n-I-fpsS DS-a-ÿ-X-bpsS `mK- am-Ip-∂Xnpw AXn-eqsS Ah-bpsS hf¿®- bvs°m∏w Xß-fpsS kºØv hf¿Øp∂ Xn-pap≈ Ah-kcw C¥y-bnse sNdpInS nt£]-I¿ Hcn-°¬ IqSn If-™p-Ip-fn- ®p. hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃°v C¥y≥ hn]-Wn-tbmSv {]Xn-Iq-e-amb a tm`mhw Dcp-Øn-cn-bp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ AXv krjvSn-°m-hp∂ XI¿®sb {]Xn-tcm-[n- °mp≈ nt£]w C¥y-bn¬ n∂v Xs∂ D≠m-th-≠-Xp-≠v. sNdp-InS nt£- ]-I-cpsS ]¶m-fn-Ø-Øns‚ {]m[myw Chn- sS-bm-Wv. hntZi nt£]I ÿm]--߃ Hml- cn-Iƒ hmßp-∂-Xn-mbn hn]-Wn-bn-te°v ]W-sam-gp-°p-Ibpw amk-ß-fmbn Ah¿ hn]-Wn-bn¬ Imf-I-fmbn XpS-cp-Ibpw sNøp- tºmƒ tcsØ S-Ønb nt£]w t]mepw ]n≥h-en®v sNdp-InS nt£-]-I- ¿ hn]-Wn-bn¬ n∂v ]n≥am-dpIbpw ]pXnb nt£]w hn]-Wn-bn-se-Øp-∂Xv hntZi nt£-]-I¿ hnNm-cn-®m¬........ hntZ-i- n-t£]I ÿm]--߃°v Hcp Iº-n-bpsS Hml-cn-bpsS hne-hy-Xn-bm--ß-fn¬ F{X-tØmfw kzm[ow sNep-Øm-mIpw? hntZ-i- n-t£]I ÿm]- -߃ Hmlcn ]¶m-fnØw h¿[n-∏n-°p-Ibpw Ipd-bv°p- Ibpw sNbvX c≠v Iº-n-I-fpsS DZm-l-c-W-߃ tm °mw. 2007 Unkw-_-dn¬ ^m¿a Iº-n-bmb ep]nn ¬ hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃°v D≠m-bn-cp∂ Hmlcn ]¶m-fnØw 13.77 iX-am--am-bn-cp-∂p. 2012¬ Ah-cpsS Hmlcn ]¶m-fnØw 27.52 iX-am--ambn h¿[n ®p. 2007 Unkw-_¿ 31v ep]ns‚ Hmlcn hne 125 cq ]-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ 2012 Unkw-_¿ 31v 611 cq]-bmbn. Hmlcn hne-bn-ep-≠mb h¿[-hv 380 iX-am-w. 2007¬ hntZi nt£]I ÿm]--߃°v 17 iX- amw Hmlcn ]¶m-fnØw D≠m-bn-cp∂ Hml-cn-bmWv sU°m≥ t{ImWn-°nƒ tlmƒUnw-Kvkv. Ct∏mƒ Cu Iº-n-bn¬ hntZi nt£]I ÿm]--߃°p≈ Hmlcn ]¶m-fnØw 0.50 iX-am--am-Wv. 2007 Unkw- _¿ 31v 221 cq]-bm-bn-cp∂ Hmlcn hne 2012 Unkw- _¿ 31v 5.65 cq]-bmbn new s]mØn. Cu Hml-cn-I-fn-ep-≠mb Db¿®°pw CSn-hnpw Imc-W-°m¿ ]q¿W-ambpw hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]- -ßfmsW∂v CXp-sIm≠v A¿∞-an-√. Cu Iº-n-I- fpsS ASn-ÿm-LSIßfnep-≠mb am‰-Ønv Ap- k-cn®v Hmlcn hne-bnepw i‡-amb am‰-ap-≠m-bn. AXnv Ap-k-cn®v hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ Hmlcn ]¶m-fn-Ø-Øn¬ kzoI-cn® kao-]-amWv Hcp Hml-cn-bn¬ i‡-amb apt∂-‰-Ønpw at‰ Hmlcn news]mØp-∂-Xnpw hgn-sh-®-Xv. hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--ß-fpsS Hmlcn ]¶m-fnØØnep-≠m-Ip∂ hyXn-bmw Hmlcn hnebn¬ F{XtØmfw Xo{h-ambn {]Xn-^-en-°p-∂p-sh-∂-Xnv DZmlcW-ß-fmWv ta¬∏- d-™-h. hn`mKw nco-£-I¿ Nq≠n-°m-´p-∂psh∂Xv Cu kml-N-cy-Øn¬ {]k-‡-am-Wv. bpF- knse kml-N-cy-߃ sa®-s∏´p hcn-I- bm-sW-∂n-cns° AhnsS e`n-°p∂ ]pXn b nt£]mh-k-c-߃ {]tbm-P--s∏-Sp- Ømpw hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]-- ߃°v Ah-k-c-ap-≠v. sNdpInS nt£-]-Isc Fßs hn]-Wn-bn-te°v BI¿jn°pw? C¥y≥ Hmlcn hn]Wn S-Ønb apt∂-‰-Øn¬ hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]- -߃ t´w sImbvX-t∏mƒ B`y-¥c nt£-]I ÿm]--߃t°m C¥y-bnse sNdp-InS nt£-]-I¿t°m Cu t´-Øn¬ ]¶m-fn-I-fm-Im≥ km[n-®n-√. ΩpsS {]apJ Iº-n-I-fpsS anIhv Xncn-®-dn™v Ahbp sS Hml-cn-Iƒ hmßm≥ hntZi nt£-] I ÿm]--߃ {]tXyI Xm¬∏cyw Im´n- 2012 Pphcn H∂v apX¬ 2013 am¿®v 14 hsc hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ C¥y≥ Hmlcn hn]-Wn- bn¬ 1,80,214 tImSn cq]- bpsS A‰-nt£]w S- Øn-b-t∏mƒ B`y-¥c nt£]I ÿm]--߃ 86,891 tImSn cq]-bpsS A‰-hn¬∏ S-Øn.
  17. 17. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 17 hfsc ]cn-an-X-am-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm-≠mWv? ImcWw hy‡w. Hmlcn nt£-]hpw Hmlcn _‘nX D¬∏-∂- ßfnse nt£-]hpw A¬∏w k¶o¿W- am-sW-∂Xp sIm≠p Xs∂ C¥y t]m ep≈ cmPy-ß-fn¬ CØcw nt£] am¿K- ß-fn-te°v nt£-]-Isc BI¿jn-°-W-sa- ¶n¬ hfsc kPo-h-amb Iymws]bv ≥ Bh- iy-am-Wv. AXn-√m-Ø-XmWv nt£-]-I-cpsS ]¶m-fnØw Zp¿_-e-am-Ip-∂-Xnv Imc-Ww. GXmpw h¿jw apºv bpen]v D¬∏-∂- ß-fpsS hn¬∏ s]mSn-s]m-Sn-®Xv hn]p-e- amb Iymws]-bvn-eq-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Atß- b‰w Aim-kv{Xo-bhpw sX‰n-≤m-cWm P- I-hp-am-bn-cp∂p B Iymws]-bv≥ F∂Xv adp- hiw. AXnp ]Icw imkv{Xo-bhpw kpXm- cy-hp-amb {]Nm-c-W-ß-fn-eqsS nt£-]-Isc BI¿jn-s®-¶n¬ am{Xta C¥y t]mep≈ aq∂mw temI cmPy-ß-fn¬ nt£-]-I¿ Hmlcn, Hmlcn _‘nX nt£-]ßfpsS taJ-e-bn-te°v IS-∂p-h-cn-I-bp-≈q. "bpen]v Ipw`--tImW'Ønp tijw Hmlcn hn]-Wn- bn¬ n∂v AI-∂p-t]mb nt£-]-Isc tcmb coXn-bn¬ Hmlcn nt£-]-Øn- te°v BI¿jn-°p∂ ]≤-Xn-Itfm {]Nm- cW ]cn-]m-Sn-Itfm D≠m-bn-´n-√. ]ns∂- ßs sNdp-InS nt£-]-I-cpsS ]¶m-fnØw kPo-h-amIpw? kz¿W-Øn¬ Aan-X-ambn nt£-]n®v Id‚ v A°u≠v IΩn Iq´p-Ibpw AXp- hgn cmPy-Ønv _m[yX hcp-Øn-sh- °pIbpw sNøp-∂ sNdp-InS nt£-]-I¿ "tZi-kvt-ln'-I-fmbn amd-W-sa-¶n¬ k¿°m¿ IqSn akv sh°Ww. AXnv Ap-tbm-Py-amb kºm-Zy, nt£] ]≤- Xn-Iƒ cmPysØ hnZ-Kv[-cpsS klm- btØmsS cq]-s∏-Sp-ØpIbpw ]pXnb Hcp nt£] kwkvImcw Icp-]n-Sn-∏n-°m≥ k¿°m¿ ap≥ssI-sb-Sp-°p-Ibpw thWw. ]ªnIv t{]mhn-U‚ v ^≠v t]mep≈ nt£] ]≤-Xn-IfneqsS Hmlcn hn]-Wn- bn¬ nt£]w S-Øm-p≈ am¿Kw sXc- s™-Sp-°p-∂-Xnv Xm¬∏-cy-ap≈ nt£-]- I¿°v Ah-kcw ¬Ip-I, yq s]≥j≥ kvIow hgn-bp≈ Hmlcn nt£-]Ønv {]Nm-c-Whpw t{]m’m-lhpw ¬IpI F∂n-h-sb√mw Hmlcn nt£-]-tØmSv kulm¿Z-]-c-amb A¥-co£w Hcp-°p-∂- Xnv k¿°m-cnv Ct∏mƒ sNøm-hp∂ Imcy- ß-fm-Wv. cmPo-hvKm‘n CIzn‰n tkhnwKvkv kvIow t]mep≈ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ t]cnv {]Jym-]n-®Xp amkw A‰nt£]w (tImSn cq]) 2012 Pp-hcn 10,357.70 2012 s^{_p-hcn 25,212.10 2012 am¿®v 8,381.10 2012 G{]n¬ -˛-1,109.10 2012 sabv -˛347.10 2012 Pq¨ ˛-501.30 2012 Pqsse 10,272.70 2012 HmKÃv 10,803.90 2012 sk]v‰w-_¿ 19,261.50 2012 HIvtSm-_¿ 11,364.20 2012 hw-_¿ 9,577.20 2012 Unkw-_¿ 25,087.80 2013 Pp-hcn 22,059.20 2013 s^{_p-hcn 24,439.30 2013 am¿®v 21 hsc 7,135.60 2012epw 2013epw hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ C¥y≥ Hmlcn hn]-Wn-bn¬ S-Ønb A‰--n-t£-]w kz¿W-Øn¬ Aan-X-ambn nt£-]n®v Id‚v A°u ≠v IΩn Iq´p-Ibpw A Xp-hgn cmPy-Ønv _m[y X hcp-Øn-sh-°pIbpw sNøp-∂ sNdp-InS n t£-]-I¿ "tZi-kvt-ln'- I-fmbn amd-W-sa-¶n¬ AXnv k¿°m¿ IqSn akv sh°Ww. i‡-amb ASn-ÿm--ß-fp≈ Iºn-I-fpsS Imcy-Øn¬ hntZi nt£-]I ÿm]--߃ F√m-bvt∏mgpw "_p≈njv' Bbn-cn-°p-sa∂v Icp-Xmmhn√. kml- N-cy-ß-ƒ°v Ap-k-cn-®v Imf-Iƒ Ic-Sn-I-fmbn thj-am‰w S-Ømw. sIm≠p am{Xw sNdp-InS nt£-]-I¿ Hmlcn hn]-Wn-bn-te°v BI¿jn-°-s∏-Sn- √. CØcw ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS cq]-L-S km[m- c-W-°m-¿°v Ffp-∏-Øn¬ a-kn-em-°m≥ km[n-°p-∂Xmbn-cn-°-Ww, Ahsc nt£- ]-Ønv t{]cn-∏n--°p∂ A[nI Bp-Iq-ey- ߃ Ap-h-Zn-°-s∏-SWw, Ah P-ß-fn- se-Øm≥ th≠ {]Nm-cWw S-Ø-Ww. CsXm∂pw sNømsX nt£] ]≤-Xn- Iƒ {]Jym-]n-®Xp sIm≠p am{Xw NnZw- _cw B{K-ln-°p-∂Xp t]mse kz¿Ww hmßn kq£n-°p-∂Xnv ]Icw D¬∏m-Z- -£-a-amb nt£]w S-Øp∂ coXn°v Hcp kp{]-`mXØn¬ {]mcw`w Ipdn-°-s∏- Sn-√.
  18. 18. 18 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 cmPy-Ønp th≠n Cn-sb-¶nepw kºmZn®p XpSßmw aqe-[--Ønv Zmcn{Zyw Ap-`-hn-°pIbpw Id‚v A°u≠v IΩn nb-{¥-Wm-Xo-X-ambn h¿[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn- cn-°p∂ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ P-ß-fpsS D]-t`mKw Ipd-bp-Ibpw nt£]w h¿[n-°pIbpw sNtø-≠-Xp-≠v. C¥y°m-cpsS kºm-Zy-ioew Ipd-™p- sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂mWv IW-°p-Iƒ hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xv. {]apJ s{IUn‰v td‰nwKv B‚ v dnk¿®v GP≥kn-bmb C¥y dnk¿ ®v B‚ v td‰nwKvkv C¥y-bpsS nK-aw 2012-˛13 kmº-ØnI h¿j-Øn¬ tZiob kºmZy nc°v samØ B`y-¥c D¬∏m- Z (Pn-Un-]n) Øns‚ 30 iX-am--ambn Ipd- bp-sa-∂mWv. 2012-˛13 kmº-ØnI h¿j- Øn¬ tZiob kºmZy nc°v Hcp ]Xn- ‰m-≠nse G‰hpw Ipd™ nc-°n-te°v FØp-sa-∂mWv sk≥{S¬ Ãm‰n-Ãn-°¬ Hm¿K-ss-tk-j-s‚bpw nK-a-w. 2011-˛12¬ 30.8 iX-am--am-bn-cp∂p tZiob kºmZy nc°v. CXv F´v h¿j sØ Xmgv∂ nc-°m-bm-cn-∂p. 2007-˛08¬ 36.9 iX-am--am-bn-cp∂ tZiob kºm- Zy-n-c°v mev h¿j-Øn-nsS IpØ s CSn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tZiob kºmZy nc°v Ipd-bp-∂- Xns‚ G‰hpw henb {]Xym-LmXw Id‚ v A°u≠v IΩn (C¥ybn-te°v Cd-°p-aXn sNøp∂ km[--ß-fp- sSbpw tkh--ß-fp-sSbpw aqeyw C¥y- bn¬ n∂v Ib-‰p-aXn sNøp∂ km[- -ß-fp-sSbpw tkh--ß-fp-sSbpw aqeytØ°mƒ IqSp-X-em-Ip∂ ÿnXn- hn-ti-j-amWv Id‚ v A°u≠v IΩn) h¿[n-°p-∂psh-∂-Xm-Wv. S∏p kmº- ØnI h¿jw c≠mw ss{Xam-k-Øn¬ Id‚ vA°u≠v IΩn samØ B`y-¥c D¬∏m-Z--Øns‚ 5.4 iX-am--amWv. aq∂mw ss{Xam-k-Øns¬ Id‚ v A°u≠v IΩn h¿[n-°m-p≈ km[y-X-bmWv nco-£-I¿ Nq≠n-°m-´p-∂-Xv. Cu kml-N-cy-Øn¬ kºm-Zy-n-c°v IpØs Ipd-bp∂ {]Xn- `mkw ΩpsS kº-Zvhy-h-ÿ°v sh√p-hn- fn-bm-Wv. aqe-[--Ønv Zmcn{Zyw Ap-`-hn-°p∂ Hcp aq∂mw temI kºZvhyh-ÿ-bn¬ kºmZync°v h¿[nt°≠Xv cmPy-Øns‚ Bh-iy-am-Wv. F∂m¬ P-ß-fpsS D]- t`mKw IqSp-Ibpw X∑qew B`y-¥c nt£]w Ipd-bp-Ibpw sNøp-∂XmWv tZiob kºmZy nc°v CSnbp-∂-Xnv Imc- Ww. B`y-¥c nt£]w Ipd-bp-∂Xv Id‚ v A°u≠v IΩn IqSp-∂-Xnv hgn- sh-°p-Ibpw X∑qew hntZi nt£-]sØ mw IqSp-X-embn B{i-bn-t°-≠n hcnIbpw Investment Culture Ign™ Bdv kmº-ØnI h¿j-ß-fnse tZiob kºm-Zy-n-c°v kmº-ØnIh¿jw kºm-Zy-n-c°v (%) 2007-˛08 36.9 2008-˛09 32.2 2009-˛10 33.8 2010-˛11 34 2011-˛12 30.8 2012-˛13 30 ({]-Xo-£n-°p-∂-Xv) sNøp-∂p. Pohn-X-ssi-en-bn¬ h∂ am‰-amWv D]- t`mKw h¿[n-°m≥ Imc-W-am-b-Xv. Pohn-X- ssi-en-bnse a‰p ]e Imcy-ß-fnepsa∂ t]mse D]-t`m-K-Øns‚ Imcy-Ønepw ]m›m-Xy-cpsS coXn-bn-te°v hgn-am-dp-I- bmWv mw. kºm-Zy-n-c°v Ipd-™Xp aqe- amWv Hmlcn hn]-Wn-bnse sNdp-InS nt£-]-I-cpsS ]¶m-fnØw KWy-ambn Ipd- ™-Xv. nt£-]-tØm-Sp≈ B`n-apJyw Ipd- ™Xpw D]-t`m-K-tØm-Sp≈ B`n-apJyw h¿[n-®Xpw sNdp-InS nt£-]-I-cpsS nt£] kwkvIm-c-Øn-emWv am‰w hcp- Øn-b-Xv. 2007-˛08¬ tZiob kºm-Zy-n-c°v 36 iX- am--am-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ A¬∏-sams° sNe- h-gn-°m≥ P-߃ Xbm-dm-I-W-sa-∂m-bn- cp∂p {][m--a{¥n a≥tam-l≥knw-Kns‚ D]-tZ-iw. D]-t`mKw h¿[n-°p-∂Xv kmº- ØnI hf¿®sb klm-bn-°p-sa-∂-Xn-m- emWv CØ-c-samcp D]-tZiw {][m-- a{¥n S-Øn-b-Xv. F∂m¬ C∂v ÿnXn Xo¿Øpw hyXy-kvX-am-Wv. aqe-[--Ønv Zmcn{Zyw Ap-`-hn-°pIbpw Id‚ v A°u≠v IΩn nb-{¥-Wm-Xo-X-ambn h¿[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p∂ kml- N-cy-Øn¬ P-ß-fpsS D]-t`mKw Ipd- bp-Ibpw nt£]w h¿[n-°pIbpw sNtø-≠-Xp-≠v. P-ß-fpsS D]-t`mKw IqSp-∂Xv ]W-s∏-cp∏w h¿[n-°mpw Imc- W-am-Ip-∂p. bpFkv t]mep≈ hnI-knX cmPy-ß- fn¬ kºm-Zy-n-c°v Xosc Xmgv∂ ne-bn- em-Wv. ]t£ AhnsS nt£]w Is≠- Øm≥ _p≤n-ap´v tcn-tS≠n hcp∂ kml- N-cy-an-√. IS-∏-{X-߃ hgn G‰hpw IqSp- X¬ nt£]w BI¿jn-°p∂ cmPyw bpF-km-Wv. AtX kabw C¥y t]msemcp aq∂mw temI cmPyØns‚ ÿnXn hyXy- kvX-am-Wv. hntZi td‰nwKv GP≥kn-I-fpsS In-hnv Ap-k-cn-®n-cn°pw ΩpsS hmbv]m tbmKyX F∂-Xn-m¬ F∂pw hntZi nt£-]sØ IqSp-X-embn B{i- bn-°p∂ ÿnXnbp≠m-bm¬ ΩpsS kmº- ØnI ]mc-X-{¥y-Øn-te-°mWv AXv bn- °p-I. P∏m≥ t]mep≈ cmPy-ß-fn¬ kºm-Zy-n-c°v hfsc Db¿∂n-cn-°p∂Xv aqew kmº-ØnI kzm{i-bXzw ne- n¿Øm≥ Ah¿°v km[n-°p-∂p.
  19. 19. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 19
  20. 20. 20 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Economy dnk¿hv _m¶v F¥nv temI-tØmSv ]pdwXncn-™p-n¬°p∂p? ASn-ÿm nc-°p-Iƒ KWy-ambn Ipd-bv°m≥ dnk¿hv _m¶v XpS¿∂pw Xbm-dm-bm¬ am{Xta kmº-ØnI hf¿® Xncn®p]n-Sn-°m≥ km[n-°p-I-bp-≈q. am¿®n¬ sdt∏m nc°v Im¬ iX-amw Ipd-s®-¶nepw ASn-ÿm-n-c-°p-I-fn¬ Cu h¿jw XpS¿∂v Imcy-amb Ipdhv {]Xo-£n- t°-s≠-∂mWv dnk¿hv _m¶v -¬Ip∂ kqN-. ]W-s∏-cp-∏hpw Id‚ v A°u≠v IΩn-bpw h¿[n-°m-p≈ km[y-X ne- n¬s° hmbv]m b-Øn¬ IqSp-X¬ Ab hv hcp-ØpI {]mtbm-KnI-a-s√-∂mWv dnk¿ hv _m¶ns‚ ne-]m-Sv. Cu ne-]m-Sns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ 2013¬ sdt∏m nc-°n¬ Cn- bpsamcp Im¬ iX-am-w Ipdhv IqSn {]Xo- £n-®m¬ aXn-sb-∂mWv an° kmº-ØnI hnZ-Kv[cpw ]dbp-∂-Xv. ]W-s∏-cp∏w h¿[n-°p-Ibpw kmº-Øn I hf¿® Ipd-bp-Ibpw sNøp∂ "ÃmKv^vtf- j≥' F∂ Ah-ÿ-bmbn Nne kmº-ØnI hnZ-Kv[¿ C¥y-bpsS kmº-Øn-I-n-esb n¿h-Nn-°p-tºmgpw hf¿®sb Xzcn-X-s∏- Sp-Øp-∂-Xnv IqSp-X-em-sbm∂pw sNøm-m- In-s√∂ kao-]w dnk¿hv _m¶v XpS-cp- I-bm-Wv. hf¿®sb sIm√p∂ kao-]--amWv {Sm°nte°v bn-°mpw {ian-°p-∂-Xv. DtØPI ]≤-Xn-I-fn-eqsS ]W-sam-gp-°p- ∂-Xnv ]pdsa ]en-i-n-c-°p-Iƒ sh´n-°p- d®v kmº-ØnI hf¿®sb Xzcn-X-s∏-Sp- Øm≥ BtKmf sk≥{S¬ _m¶p-Iƒ {ian- °p-∂p. ]qPy-Øn-tmSv ASpØp n¬°p∂ ]en-i-n-c°v ne-n¿Øn-bmWv bpF-knse sk≥{S¬ _m¶v ]W-e-`y-Xbpw nt£-]- Ønv ApIqe-amb A ¥-co-£hpw krjvSn°m ≥ {ian-°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ CsXm∂pw ImWp-Ibpw tIƒ°p-I bpw sNømØ a´n-emWv ΩpsS dnk¿hv _m¶v s]cp-am-dp-∂Xv. ]W-s∏-cp ∏w Ipd-bv°p∂-XnmWv {]Y-a-]-cn-K-W--sb∂v dn k¿hv _m¶v Kh¿W¿ B¿.-kp-∫-dmhp Hmtcm X hW hmbv]m-bw {]Jym- ]n-°p-tºmgpw Bh¿Øn ®p ]d-bp-∂p. ]W-s∏cp ∏w nb-{¥n-°p-∂-Xn-p≈ ^e-{]-Z-amb Bbp-[-߃ dnk¿hv_m-¶ns‚ ssIbn- en-√-Xm-pw. kssπbpw Unam‚pw XΩn-ep≈ A¥-c-amWv hne-°-b-‰-Ønpw AXp- hgn ]W-s∏-cp-∏-Ønpw hgn-sh-°p-∂-Xv. Cu A¥ cw Ipd-®p-sIm-≠p-h-cp-∂- Xn-eqsS am{Xta C¥y-bn se ]W-s∏-cp∏w nb-{¥- W-hn-t[-b-am-°m≥ km[n- °p-I-bp≈q. D¬∏m-Z pw km[n-°q. AXm-Is´ dnk¿hv _m¶n s‚ nb-{¥-W-Øn-ep≈ Imcy-hpa-√. temIw apgp-h≥ kmº-ØnI hf¿®sb Xzcn-X-s∏-Sp-Øm-mbn ]en-i-n-c-°p-Iƒ sh´n-°p-d-°p-tºmƒ ]en-i-n-c°v Ipd-°n- s√∂ hminbpambn C¥y amdn-n¬°p-∂p. temIw t]mIp∂ hgn°v oßn-bn-s√-¶n¬ ap∂n¬ In´p∂ Ah-k-c-߃ ]mgm-hp-I- bmWv sNøp-I. temI-cm- Py-߃ ]n¥p-S-cp∂ b- ߃°v Ap-kr-X-amb ne-]mSv kzoI-cn-t°≠ ka-b-ØmWv dnk¿hv _m¶v AXn-tmSv apJw Xncn-™p-n¬°p-∂-Xv. Cu ne-]m-Sn¬ Cn- sb-∂mWv dnk¿hv _m¶v am‰w hcp-Øm≥ t]mIp- ∂Xv? temIsØ {]apJ cmPy-߃ ]en-i-n-c°v h¿[n-∏n-°p∂ ASpØ N{I-Øn-te°v IS-°p- tºm-gm-Iptam C¥y-bn¬ ]en-i-n-c-°p-Iƒ Xmgv Øp-∂Xv? AØ-c-samcp "UoI-πnw-Kn's‚ ^ehpw tZmj-I-c-am-bn-cn-°pw. ]en- i-n-c°v Ipd-bv°m-ØXv aqew ΩpsS kmº-ØnI hf¿® apc-Sn-°p-∂Xp t]m se temIw apgp-h≥ ]en- i-n-c-°v h¿[n-∏n-°p-tºm ƒ ChnsS ]en-i-n- c°pIƒ Ipd-bv°p∂ kao-]-hpw kºZv hyh-ÿ°v tZmjta sNøq. sdt∏m nc-°v: Ign™ mev kmº-ØnI h¿j-ß-fnse N{Iw XobXn nc°v (%) 2009 G{]n¬ 21 4.75 2010 am¿®v 19 5.00 2010 G{]n¬ 20 5.25 2010 Pqsse 2 5.50 2010 Pqsse 27 5.75 2010 sk]v‰w- 16 6.00 2010 hw-_¿ 2 6.25 2011 Pp-hcn 25 6.50 2011 am¿®v 17 6.75 2011 sabv 3 7.25 2011 Pq¨ 16 7.50 2011 Pqsse 26 8.00 2011 sk]v‰w- 16 8.25 2011 HIvtSm- 25 8.50 2012 G{]n¬ 17 8.00 2013 Pp-hcn 29 7.75 2013 am¿®v 19 7.50 jvSw Ipd-®p-sIm ≠v Ah-iy-h-kvXp- °ƒ D¬∏m-Z tI {μ-Øn¬ n∂v kp K-a-a-ambn D]-t`m- ‡m-hns‚ ssIbn- se-Øm-p≈ k ssπ irwJe kw hn-[mw Imcy-£-a- am-°nbm¬ am{Xta ksπbpw Unam‚pw XΩn-ep≈ A¥cw Ipd-bv°mpw A Xp-hgn hne-°-b-‰ sØ ]nSn-®p-sI-´m temIw t]mIp∂ hgn°v o ßn-bn-s√-¶n¬ ΩpsS ap∂n¬ In´p∂ Ah-k-c- ߃ ]mgm-hp-I-bmWv sN øp-I. temI-cm-Py-߃ ]n ¥p-S-cp∂ b߃°v tN¿ ∂ ne-]mSv kzoI-cn-t°≠ ka-b-ØmWv B¿_nsF AXn-tmSv apJw Xncn-™p- n¬°p-∂-Xv. CsX∂ hna¿i--Ønv sNhn-sIm-Sp-°m≥ dnk¿hv _m¶v Xbm-d-√. C¥ybpsS kmº- ØnI hf¿®sb tcmb hgn-bn-te°v bn- °p-∂-Xn-p th≠ C—m-i‡n tI{μ-k¿°m cpw [-Im-cy-a{¥n NnZw-_-chpw {]I-Sn-∏n- ®p XpS-ßnbn´ps≠-¶nepw nt£]w h¿[n- °p-∂-Xns XpW-°p∂ Xc-Øn¬ ASn- ÿm nc-°p-Iƒ KWy-ambn Ipd-bv°p∂ kao-]w dnk¿hv _m¶ns‚ `mKØp n ∂p≠m-bmte AXns‚ ^e-kn≤n ]q¿W- ambpw e`n-°q. temIw apgp-h≥ DZm-c-amb kmº-ØnI b-ß-fn-eq-sS-bmWv {]Xn-k-‘n-Isf AXn- Po-hn-°mpw kº-Zvhy-h-ÿsb icn-bmb
  21. 21. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 21 kº∂v k_vknUn, km[m-cW-°m-cv kmº-ØnI `mcw-B-Uw-_c Imdp-Iƒ°v k_vknUn nc-°n¬ Uok¬ ¬Ip∂ k¿°m¿ s]mXp-ta-Jem Iº-n-I-ƒ°v Uok¬ k_vknUn ntj-[n-®-Xn-eqsS Xe-Xn-cn™ ]cn-jvI-c-W-amWv S-∏n-em-°p-∂-Xv. C.-F-kv.-tPmkv k¿°mcns‚ AanX sNehv nb-{¥n- °mpw IΩn Ipd-bv°m-p-amWv k_vkn- Un-Iƒ sh´n-°p-d-bv°p-∂-Xv. k_vknUn sh´n-°p-d-bv°msX am¿K-an-s√∂ kml-N- cy-Øn-emWv Cu S-]Sn F∂-XmWv k¿°m- cns‚ ymbw. F∂m¬ k_vknUn Ipd- ®p-sIm-≠p-h-cp∂ ]cn-jvI-cW S-]-Sn-Iƒ {]Jym-]n-°p-tºmgpw P-t£-a-sØ B{K- ln-°p∂ Hcp k¿°m¿ sNtø-≠Xv AXns‚ {]Xym-Lm-X-߃ ]c-am-h[n Ipd™ ne-bn¬ Bkq-{Xn-X-ambn S-∏n- em-°p-I-bmWv. k_vknUn G‰hpw Bh- iy-ap-≈-h¿°v ¬Ip-Ibpw AXv Bh-iy- an-√m-Ø-h¿°v ]cn-an-X-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNøp-I-bmWv kaq-l-Ønse c≠-‰-Øp-≈- h¿ XΩn-ep≈ kmº-ØnI A¥cw hfsc ISpØp n¬°p∂ C¥y t]mep≈ Hcp hnI-kzc cmPyØv k¿°m¿ sNtø-≠-Xv. F∂m¬ k_vkn-Un, P-t£a ]≤-Xn-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b-hsb thm´v_m¶v cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ `mK-amb Xpdp-∏p-No-´p-Iƒ `mK-ambn am{Xw ImWp∂ cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-Iƒ hmgp∂ ΩpsS cmPyØv AØcw hnim-e-ho- £Ww {]Xo-£n-°p-∂Xv Aan-X-B-{K-l- ambn t]mIpw. Cu h¿jw Uok¬ k_vknUn sh´n- °p-d-bv°p∂Xn-p≈ S-]Sn kzoI-cn® k¿°m¿ AXv S-∏n-em-°nb coXn Xs∂ ΩpsS `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ `mh-m-Zm-cn{Zyw hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂-Xn-p≈ DZm-l-c-W-am-Wv. sdbn¬th, {Sm≥kvt]m¿´v tIm¿∏-td-j≥, sshZyp-Xn, J-w, kna‚ v, {]Xn-tcm[w XpS-ßnb taJ-e-I-fn¬ {]h¿Øn-°p∂ samØ D]-t`m-‡m-°ƒ°v k_vknUn ntj[n-°p-Ibpw hn]-Wn-hn-e°v Uok¬ ¬Ip-Ibpw sNøp∂ k¿°m-cmWv tdmƒkv tdmbvkv Imdn¬ k©-cn-°p∂ kº-∂¿°v bmsXmcp n_-‘--I-fp-an- √msX k_vknUn nc-°n¬ ]ºp-I-fn¬ n∂v Uok¬ ¬Ip∂-Xv. C¥y-bnse Uok¬ D]-t`m-K-Øns‚ 15 iX-am-hpw bm{Xm Imdp-I-ƒ°mWv F∂n-cn-s°-bmWv Xe-Xn-cn™ Cu ]cn-jvI-c-Ww. BUw-_c Imdp-I-fn¬ ASn-°p∂ Uok-env en‰-dnv 9˛10 cq] k_vkn-Un, jvS-Øn-tem-Sp∂ sIFkv B¿Sn (-jvS-Øn-tem-Sp-∂-Xns‚ Im-c-Whpw ΩpsS `c-W-Iq-S-ß-fpsS sISp- Im-cyÿX aqe-am-sW-∂Xv as‰mcp hnj- bw) t]mep≈ s]mXpta-Jem ÿm]-- ߃°v AanX kmº-ØnI `mcw-˛ cmPy sØ IS--_m-[y-X-bn¬ n∂v Ic-I-b-‰mmbn S-∏n-em-°p∂ kmº-ØnI ]cn-jvI-c- WØns‚ ^e-kn≤n CXm-Wv. ^etam sdbn¬th nc-°p-Ifpw _kv Nm¿Pp-Ifpw h¿[n-°p-Ibpw AXv ^e-Øn¬ cmPysØ km[m-c-W°mcp ta¬ hne-°-b-‰-Øns‚ tZmj^e-߃ sI´n-sh-°p-Ibpw sNøp- ∂p. Zmcn-{Zyw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂h¿°v F]n- F¬ ]Z-hnbpw kmº-ØnIambn sa®-s∏´ ne-bnep-≈-h¿°v _n]n-F¬ ]Z-hnbpw kΩm-n-°p∂Xp t]mep≈ DtZym-KÿX- e-Øn-ep≈ ]nSn-∏p-tISv km[m-c-W-amb Hcp cmPyØv k¿°m¿ ]≤-Xn-bpsS `mK- ambn CØcw hntcm-[m-`m-k-߃ S-∏n- em-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn¬ AXn-i-bn-°m-n-√. t£a ]≤-Xn-I-fp-sSbpw k_vknUnbpsS bpw bYm¿∞ KpW-t`m-‡m-°ƒ AXv A¿ln-°p-∂-h¿ am{X-am-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂ n¿_‘w k¿°m-cn-p-s≠-¶n¬ am{Xw ]mgvsN-e-hp-IfpsS kpjn-c-߃ AS- °mpw t£a-]-≤-Xn-Isf AXv t]mtI≠ hgn-bn-eqsS am{Xw sIm≠p-t]m-Impw Ign- bpw. n¿`m-Ky-h-im¬ AØ-samcp n¿_ ‘hpw ΩpsS k¿°m-cnv C√. F¬]n Pn knen-≠dpw s]t{Smfpw Uokepw k_vkn-UntbmsS A¿lX-s∏-´-h¿°v am{Xw ¬Ip-∂ Hcp kwhn-[mw krjvSn- °pI F∂Xv k¿°m-cns‚ Btem- Nbn¬ t]mep-an√. ]n≥Ip-dn∏v: hnNm-c-iq-y-amb S-]-Sn- Iƒ°v Nne-t∏mƒ A{]-Xo-£nX ^e-ap- ≠m-sb∂pw hcmw. samØ D]-t`m-‡m- °ƒ°v k_vknUn nc-°n¬ Uok¬ ¬In-s√∂v h∂-tXmsS sIF-kv-B¿Snkn bpsS hml--ß-fn¬ knF≥Pn D]-tbm- Kn®v C‘ sNehv Ipd-°p-∂-Xn s Ipdn- ®mWv Btem-N-. KXn-bn-s√-¶n¬ ]p√v Xn∂p tm°p-I-b√msX ]pen°v as‰¥v am¿Kw. ]p√v F{X-tØmfw sNehv Ipd- ™Xpw t]mj-I-aq-ey-ap-≈-Xp-am-sW∂v k¿°m¿ ]pen hnPvRm-]w Cd°p-∂Xv CØcw KXn sI´ Ah-ÿ-bnemWv. t£a ]≤-Xn-I-fp-sSbpw k _vknUnbpsSbpw bYm¿ ∞ KpW-t`m-‡m-°ƒ AXv A¿ln-°p-∂-h¿ am{X-am-bn- cn-°-W-sa∂ n¿_‘w k ¿°m-cn-p-s≠-¶n¬ ]mgvsN- e-hpIfpsS kpjn-c-߃ AS-°mpw t£a-]-≤-Xn-I sf AXv t]mtI≠ hgn-bn- eqsS am{Xw sIm≠p-t]m-Im pw Ign-bpw. kº∂v k_vknUn, km[m-cW-°m-cv kmº-ØnI `mcw Focus
  22. 22. 22 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Hmlcn nt£]w kw_-‘n® hmb--°m-cpsS kwi-b-߃°v slUvPv CIzn-‰okv No^v FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Hm^o-k¿ F≥.-`p-h-t-{μ≥ adp-]Sn ¬Ip∂p tNmZy߃°v adp]Sn Q&A tNm: GXmpw amkw apºv kuØv C¥y≥ _m¶ns‚ 500 Hml-cn-Iƒ 23 cq]°v hmßp-Ibpw ]n∂oSv 29 cq]°v hn¬°p- Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. Hmlcn Xncp-ج tcn-Sp∂ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ Ct∏m-gsØ hnebv°v ]p¿n-t£]w S-Ømtam? Ct∏mƒ nt£-]-Ønv Ap-tbm-Py-amb GXmpw Hml-cn-Iƒ IqSn n¿tZ-in-°mtam? tdm°n tPm¨, dnbmZv D: kuØv C¥y≥ _m¶nv 23.50 cq]-bn¬ Xmßpw 28 cq]-bn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap-≠v. Ct∏m- gsØ hne°v Xm¶ƒ°v Cu Hmlcn hmßm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. F¬&Sn ^nm≥kv, ln≥Um¬tIm F∂o Hml-cn-Iƒ Xm¶ƒ°v nt£-]-Øn-mbn ]cn-K-Wn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. tNm: Rm≥ ssa‚ v{So 670 cq]°v hmßn-bn- ´p-≠v. Cu Hmlcn XpS¿∂pw ssIhiw sh°mtam? hn˛-Km¿Uv, lmsh¬kv F∂o Hml-cn-Ifn¬ Hcp h¿j-tØ°v nt£-]n- °p-∂-Xnv Fn°v Xm¬∏-cy-ap-≠v. Cu Hml-cn-Iƒ hmßm-hp∂ hne-n-e-hmcw n¿tZ-in-°mtam? tXmwk¨ D: Zo¿L-Ime nt£-]-I¿°v ssa‚ v {So IqSp-X¬ anI® em`-Øn-mbn ssIhiw sh°m-hp-∂m-Wv. {lkz-Ime nt£-]-I¿°v Ct∏m-gsØ ne°v em`-sa-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. hn˛-Km¿Uv 445-˛420 cq] °pw lmsh¬kv 570-˛530 cq]°pw hmßm- hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Hmlcn hmßnb hne (cq]) ln≥Um¬tIm 110 apØq‰v ^nm≥kv 228 aW-∏pdw ^nm≥kv 26 sk≥{S¬ _m¶v 75.30 sP]n Atkm-kn-tb‰vkv 73.00 At∏mtfm Stbgvkv 82 F¬&Sn ^nm≥kv 80 C¥y≥ Hmh¿kokv _m¶v 75 s`¬, sFF-^vkn-sF F∂o Hml-cn-Ifpw Rm≥ nt£-]-Øn-mbn ]cn-K-Wn-°p-∂p. Cu Hml-cn-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ Xm¶-fpsS A`n- {]mbw Adn-bm≥ Xm¬∏-cy-ap-≠v. Pno-jv, Ab¿em‚ v D: sPFw ^nm≥knv 15 cq]-bn¬ Xmßpw 19.50 cq]-bn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap-≠v. Cu Hmlcn ho≠pw hmßp-∂Xv DNn-Xam-bn-cn-°n-√. F®vUn-sF-F¬, s`¬, kn≥sSIvkv F∂o Hml-cn-Iƒ Xm¶ƒ°v ]cn-K-Wn-°m-hp-∂-Xv. H]vt‰m k¿Iyq-´vkv, sFF-^vknsF F∂o Hml-cn-Iƒ Hgn-hm-°p-I. tNm: Xmsg ]d-bp∂ Hml-cn-Iƒ Rm≥ ssIhiw sh°p-∂p≠v. Cu Hml-cn-Iƒ XpS¿∂pw ssIhiw sh°mtam? Ch-bn¬ ho≠pw hmßp-∂-Xnv Ap-tbm-Py-amb Hml-cn-Iƒ GsXm-s°-bmWv? apØq‰v ^nm≥kv {lkz-Im-em-Sn-ÿm- -Øn¬ kmt¶-Xn-I-ambn Zp¿_-e-amb ne- bn-emWv. AtX kabw Cu Hmlcn Zo¿L- Im-e-tØ°v ssIhiw sh°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. aW-∏p-d-Ønv 22 cq]-bn¬ i‡-amb Xmßp-≠v. Cu hne-bn-te°v -FØp-tºmƒ Hml-cn ho≠pw hmßm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. sk≥{S¬ _m¶nv 64 cq]-bn¬ Xmßpw 75 cq]-bn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap-≠v. 64 cq]-bn-se- Øp-tºmƒ Hmlcn ho≠pw hmßn icm-icn nt£] sNehv Ipd-bv°p-Ibpw hne Db- cp-tºmƒ hns‰m-gn-bp-Ibpw sNøp-I. sP]n Atkm-kn-tb-‰vknv 66 cq]-bn¬ Xmßp-≠v. Cu Hmlcn Zo¿L-Im-e-tØ°v ssIhiw sh°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. At∏mtfm Stb-gvknv 79 cq]-bn¬ Xmßpw 88, 91 F∂o ne-hm-c-ß-fn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap-≠v. F¬&Sn ^nm≥kv Hmtcm CSn-hnepw Zo¿L-Ime nt£-]-Øn-mbn hmßm-hp∂ Hml-cn-bm-Wv. C¥y≥ Hmh¿kokv _m¶nv 65 cq]- bn¬ Xmßpw 71 cq]bn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap-≠v. tNm: Xmsg ]d-bp∂ Hml-cn-Iƒ Rm≥ a[y-Im-e nt£-]sa∂ ne-bn¬ ssIhiw sh°p-∂p. Hmlcn FÆw hmßnb hne (cq]) H]vt‰m k¿°yq´vkv 100 76 _nC-Fw-F¬ 50 297 tIm¿ FUp-t°-j≥ 50 82 em≥tIm C≥{^ 500 13 lnμp-ÿm≥ tIm∏¿ 75 126 kpkvtem¨ 500 18.40 tImIvkv&InwKvkv 50 120 F¬&Sn ^nm≥kv, ln≥Um¬tIm F∂nh Hmtcm CSn-hnepw Zo¿L-Ime nt£-]-Øn-mbn hmßm-hp∂ Hml-cn-IfmWv. sbkv _m¶v, C≥UkvC≥Uv _m¶v, s^U-d¬ _m¶v, FIvsskUv C‚-kv{So-kv, PnF-kv]n-F¬ F∂nh Zo¿LIme nt£-]-Ønv ]cn-K-Wn-°m-hp-∂- anUvIm∏v Hml-cn-I-fm-Wv. sP.Fw.^nm≥kv ho≠pw hmßm≥ ]‰nb Hml-cn-b√. H]vt‰m k¿Iyq-´vkv, sFF-^vknsF F∂o Hml-cn-Iƒ Hgn-hm-°p-I. Cu Hml-cn-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ Xm¶-fpsS A`n- {]mbw Adn-bm≥ Xm¬∏-cy-ap-≠v. Pn_n, tIm´bw D: Xm¶ƒ ssIhiw sh°p∂ Hml-cn-I- sf√mw kmt¶-Xn-I-ambn Zp¿_-e-am-Wv. hne Db-cp-tºmƒ Cu Hml-cn-Iƒ hn‰p-amdn ln≥Um¬tIm, Fkv_nsF, Sm‰m tamt´m gvkv F∂o em¿PvIm∏v Hml-cn-I-fn¬ ]p ¿n-t£]w S-Øp-∂-Xmhpw DNn-Xw. tNm: Rm≥ {Kmhn‰bpsS 150 Hml-cn-Iƒ 170 cq]°v hmßnbncp-∂p. Cu Hmlcn tNm: Fs‚ ssIhiw sPFw ^nm≥kns‚ 11,000 Hml-cn-I-fp-≠v. 22.3 cq]-bmWv hmßnb icm-icn hne. Ct∏m- gsØ hne°v Cu Hmlcn ho≠pw hmßm≥ Ap-tbm-Py-amtWm? H]vt‰m k¿Iyq-´vkv, F®vUn-sF-F¬, kn≥sS-Ivkv, tNmZy-߃ Ab-t°≠ C˛-sa-bn¬ hnemkw: editor@hedgeequities.com lcn-l-c≥, Be-∏pg D: Ct∏m-gsØ hne-bn¬ ln≥Um¬tIm hmßm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. 87 cq]-bn¬ Xmßp≈ Hml-cn°v 110, 124 F∂o ne-hm-c-ß-fn¬ kΩ¿Z-ap-≠v.
  23. 23. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 23 Hmlcn FÆw hmßnb hne (cq]) Sm‰m Ão¬ 100 465 sbkv _m¶v 50 525 sPF-kvUªyp 100 65 F¿Pn HF≥Pnkn 50 282 amcpXn kpkpIn 10 1205 emthm-]mf 100 305 Hmlcn Xmßv kΩ¿Zw (cq]) (cq]) Fkv_nsF 2050 2500 s]t{Sm-s‰v F¬-F≥Pn 130 170 Sm‰m tamt´mgvkv 260 330 knπ 365 420 dne-b≥kv C‚-kv{Sokv 780 900 lmsh¬kv 85 99 sIbv≥ C¥y 260 330 tImƒ C¥y 280 350 tUm.-sd-UvVokv em_v 1700 1900 _PmPv Hmt´m 1750 200 At∏mtfm Stbgvkv 78 94 XpS¿∂pw ssIhiw sh°tWm hn¬ °tWm? ko-jv, A_p-Zm_n D: {Kmhn‰ Zp¿_-e-amb {]I-Sw XpS-cp∂ Hml-cn-bm-Wv. hne Db-cp-tºmƒ hn‰p-am- dpI. tNm: Xmsg ]d-bp-∂-XmWv Fs‚ t]m¿´vt^m-fn-tbm. Cu Hml-cn-I-fpsS `mhnkm-[yX Adn-bm≥ Xm¬∏-cy-ap-≠v. lcn-Zmkv, ]me-°mSv tNm: Fkv_n-sF, s]t{Sm-s‰v F¬- F≥Pn, Sm‰m tamt´m-gvkv, knπ, dne-b≥kv C‚-kv{Sokv, lmsh¬kv, sIbn≥ C¥y, tImƒ C¥y, tUm.-sd-UvVokv em_v, _PmPv Hmt´m, At∏mtfm Stbgvkv F∂o Hml-cn-I-fpsS Xmßv, kΩ¿Z ne-hmcw Adn-bm≥ Xm¬∏-cy-ap-≠v. dnbm-kv,-Xr-iq¿ D: Sm‰m Ãoenv 333 cq]-bn¬ Xmßpw 380 cq]-bn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap-≠v. 380 cq]bnse kΩ¿Zw t`Zn®v apt∂m-´p-o-ßp-I-bm-sW- ¶n¬ 405 cq]-bn-se-Øm≥ km[y-X-bp-≠v. sbkv _m¶nv 460 cq]-bn¬ Xmßpw 532 cq]-bn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap-≠v. sPF-kv Uªyp F¿Pn°v 50 cq]-bn¬ Xmßpw 66 cq]-bn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap-≠v. kΩ¿Zw t`Zn®v apt∂m-´p-o-ßp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ 72 cq]-bn-se- Øm≥ km[y-X-bp-≠v. HF≥Pnkn°v 295 cq]-bn¬ Xmßpw 350 cq]-bn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap-≠v. amcp-Xn°v 1380 cq]- bn¬ Xmßpw 1560 cq]-bn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap- ≠v. emthm-]mf°v 380 cq]-bn¬ Xmßpw 480 cq]-bn¬ kΩ¿Z-hp-ap-≠v. D: Cu Hml-cn-I-fpsS Xmßv, kΩ¿Z ne- hmcw Xmsg ]dbpw {]Im-c-am-Wv. tNm: F¬&Sn ^nm≥kv Zo¿L-Ime nt£-]-Ønv Ap-tbm-Py-am-tWm? Zo¿L- Ime nt£-]-Øn-mbn GXmpw anUvIm∏v Hml-cn-Iƒ ntZ-in-°mtam? eXojv D: F¬&Sn ^nm≥kv Zo¿L-Ime nt£- ]-Ønv Ap-tbm-Py-am-Wv. sbkv _m¶v, C≥UkvC≥Uv _m¶v, s^U-d¬ _m¶v, FIvsskUv C‚-kv{So-kv, lotdm-tam-t´m-gvkv, PnF-kv]n-F¬ F∂nh Zo¿LIme nt£- ]-Ønv ]cn-K-Wn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.
  24. 24. 24 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Agri Culture ]∏mb Irjn-bn-eqsS anI® hcp-amw tSmw Hcp G°¿ ÿesØ ]∏mb Irjn-bn¬ n∂pw H∂c h¿j-Øn-p-≈n¬ Ipd-™Xv A©v e£w cq]bn-tesd em`w tSmw. kn.-l-cn-l-c≥ IrjnbneqsS hmWn- Pym-Sn-ÿm--Øn¬ apt∂-dm≥ B{K-ln-°p- ∂-h¿°v sXc-s™-Sp- °m-hp∂XmWv ]∏mb Irjn. temIhn]-Wn- bn¬ Unam‚p≈ ]g- h¿K-ß-fn¬ {][m-- s∏´ H∂mWv ]∏m-b. tIc-f-Ønse Imem-h-ÿ-bn¬ anI® hcp- am--ap-≠m-°m-hp∂ coXn-bn¬ ]∏mb Irjn sNøm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. a‰v Irjn-Isf At]- £n®v Ipd™ sNehpw ]cn-N-c-Whpw aXn-sb-∂Xpw hn]-Wn-bn¬ h≥Un-am‚ v ne-n¬°p-∂Xpw ]∏mb Irjnsb BI ¿j-I-am-°p-∂p. ]∏m-b-bpsS hymh-kmbnI {]m[myw IW-°n-se-Sp-°p-tºmƒ h≥km-[y-X-I-fm- Wp-≈-Xv. C¥ybnse {]Xn-h¿j ]∏mb D¬∏m-Zw aq∂v Zi-e£w S¨ BsW- ∂mWv IW-°m-°p-∂-Xv. B{‘m-{]-tZ-iv, ]›n-a-_w-Kmƒ, I¿Wm-S-Iw, Hdo-k, KpP- dm-Øv, Xan-gvm-Sv, tIc-fw, alm-cm-jv{S, B kmw F∂o kwÿm--ß-fn-emWv {][m-- ambpw ]∏mb Irjn sNøp-∂-Xv. samØw Bh-iy-I-X-bpsS 0.08 iX-amw am{X-amWv Ct∏m-gsØ ]∏mb D¬∏m-Z-w F∂Xv hymh-km- bnI ASn-ÿm--Øn¬ ]∏mb IrjnbpsS km [y-X-IsfbmWv hy‡- am-°p-∂-Xv. C¥y-bn¬ Zn√nbpw apwss_-bp- amWv {][m hn]-Wn- Iƒ. hntZ-i-cm-Py-ß-fn¬ ]∏m-b°v hfsc henb hn]-Wn-bmWp-≈-Xv. C¥y- bn¬ n∂v _lvdn≥, Ip ssh-‰v, JØ¿, kuZn Atd- _y, bpF-C, sX¿em‚ vkv F∂o cmPy-ß-fn-te-°mWv {][m--ambpw ]∏mb Ib-‰p- aXn sNøp-∂-Xv. ]∏m-b-bn¬ ssh‰-an≥ F, ssh‰-an≥ _n F∂nh [mcm-f- ambn AS-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ]e acp-∂p-I-fnepw ]∏m-b-bpsS k Øv {][m tNcp-h-bm-Wv. ]∏mb Nd-Øn¬ n∂v ]∏-bn≥ th¿Xn-cn- s®-SpØv D]-tbm-Kn-®p-h-cp-∂p. kuμ- cy-h¿[I hkvXp-°ƒ, `£yD¬ ∏-∂-߃, t_°dn D¬∏-∂-߃, hkv{X- ߃ F∂n-h-bpsS n¿amW taJ-e-I-fn¬ ]∏mb D]-tbm-Kn-®p-h-cp-∂p. tIc-f-Ønepw ]´-W-ß-fnepw {Kma-ß-fn- ep-ap≈ {^q´v Ãmfp-I-fnepw ]®-°dn IS- I-fnepw kq∏¿ am¿°‰p-I-fnepw ]∏m-b°v Bh-iy-°m¿ Gsd-bmWv. Hcp Intembv°v 25 cq] apX¬ 30 cq] hsc-bmWv hne. qdv iX-amw ssPh-Irjn coXn-Iƒ Ah-ew-_n-®p-sIm≠v ]∏mb Irjn sNøm- m-Ipw. IrXy-amb ]cn-N-c-W-Øn-eqsS IoS- tcmK _m[-Iƒ nb-{¥n®pw {Un]v Cdn- tK-j≥, anI® s^¿´n-sse-tk-j≥ coXn- I-ƒ F∂nh D]-tbm-Kn®v IqSp-X¬ hnfhv Dd-∏p-h-cp-Ønbpw ssPh-Ir-jn- coXn hnP- b-I-c-am-°mw. c≠c h¿jw hsc D¬∏m-Z w Xcp∂ anI® ssl{_nUv ssXIƒ e `y-am-Wv. 100 Intem apX¬ 130 Intem hsc Hcp sNSn-bn¬ n∂v hnf-sh-Sp-°m-m-hpw. Irjn-coXn Aæ-Xz-ap≈ aÆn¬ IpΩm-btam o‰p- I-°tbm tN¿Øp-sIm-SpØv HcmgvN Ign™v NmW-I-s∏m-Sn, th∏n≥ ]nÆm-°v, F√ps]mSn F∂nh tN¿Øv XS-sa-Sp-°mw. XS-߃°v 50-˛60 sk‚n-ao-‰¿ Db-c-ap-≠m-h- Ww. XS-߃ XΩn¬ 1.8-˛2 ao‰¿ AI-e-ap- ≠m-h-Ww. Htc-°¿ ÿeØv 1100 sNSn- Iƒ Sm≥ km[n-°pw. Hcp {Kmw ]∏m-b- hnØv GI-tZiw 60-˛80 FÆw D≠m-hpw. Htc-°-dnse Irjn°v 25-˛30 {Kmw hnØp- Iƒ aXn-bm-hpw. 4.5 sk‚n-ao-‰¿ dia-bp≈ πmÃnIv t{SIƒ C¥ybnse {]Xn-h¿j ]∏m b D¬∏m-Zw aq∂v Zi-e£w S¨ BsW-∂mWv IW-°m- °p-∂-Xv. samØw Bh-iy-I- X-bpsS 0.08 iX-amw am{X- amWv Ct∏m-gsØ ]∏mb D¬∏m-Z-w F∂Xv hymh-km- bnI ASn-ÿm--Øn¬ ]∏m b IrjnbpsS km[y-X-Isf bmWv hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xv. 24 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013
  25. 25. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 25 hnØv apf-∏n-°m≥ D]-tbm-Kn-°mw. sNdnb πmÃnIv IqSp-I-fnepw hnØp-Iƒ Sm-hp-∂- Xm-Wv. Itºm-Ãv, NmW-I-s∏m-Sn, Imk aÆv F∂nh tN¿Ø an{in-X-Øn-emWv hnØv tS-≠-Xv. sNSn-Iƒ°v 10-˛15 sk‚n-ao-‰¿ Db cw sh°p-tºmƒ XS-ß-fn-te°v am‰n Smw. Pe-tk-Nw sNøp-tºm-gp≈ _mjv]o-I- cWw XS-bp-∂-Xnpw If-Iƒ ]nSn-°m-Xn-cn- °p-∂-Xnpw ^wKkv tcmK-ßsf {]Xn-tcm- [n-°p-∂-Xnpw πmÃnIv aƒ®nwKv sNøp- ∂Xv √-Xm-Wv. ªm°v, kn¬h¿ nd-ß-fn- ep≈ aƒ®nwKv jo‰p-Iƒ CXn-mbn D]- tbm-Kn-°mw. IrXy-amb hf-{]-tbm-Khpw Pe-tk-N- hpw IoS-ß-fp-sSbpw tcmK-ß-fp-sSbpw nb-{¥-Whpw ]∏mb sNSn-bpsS Btcm- Ky-I-c-amb hf¿®°v Bh-iy-am-Wv. aÆv, Pew ]cn-tim-[ imkv{Xo-bamb Irjn-co- Xn-bpsS `mK-am-Wv. Hcp G°¿ Irjn-bn-S- Øn¬ 15 S¨ NmW-Is∏mSn, c≠v S¨ th∏n≥ ]nÆm-°v, c≠v S¨ F√p-s]mSn F∂nh ASn-h-f-ambn ¬I-Ww. sNSn-bpsS hyXykvX hf¿®m L´-ß-fn¬ hnhn[ Af- hp-I-fn-emWv hf-{]-tbmKw S-tØ-≠-Xv. F≥.]n.sI aqe-I-߃ sNSn-°v ¬tI-≠- Xp-≠v. a‰v aqe-I-߃ t^mfn-bm¿ kvt{] hgn ¬I-Ww. NqSv Imem-h-ÿ-bn¬ t_mtdm-Wns‚ A]-cym-]vXX ]∏mb sNSn- I-fn¬ ImWm-dp-≠v. 15-˛20 Znhkw CS-hn´v t_mtdm¨ AS-ßnb aqe-I-߃ t^mfn- bm¿ kvt{] hgn ¬I-Ww. AanX Pe-tk-Nw KpW-tØ-°m-tfsd tZmjw sNøpw. √ NqSv Imem-h-ÿ-bn¬ BgvN-bn¬ c≠v XhW Pe-tk-N-hpw hf- {]-tbm-Khpw sNbvXm¬ aXn-bm-Ipw. aÆns‚ {]tXy-I-X-Iƒ a-kn-em-°n-bp≈ Pe-tk-N--amWv sNtø-≠-Xv. {Un]v Cdn- tK-j≥, ssat{Im Cdn-tK-j≥, k_vtkm- bn¬ Cdn-tK-j≥ coXn-Iƒ hymh-km-bnI ASn-ÿm--Øn-ep≈ Irjn°v KpWw sNøpw. ta¬∏-d™ Pe-tk-N coXn-I- fn¬ GsX-¶n-ep-sam∂v sXc-s™-Sp-°mw. sNSn-bpsS X≠n¬ X´msX Pe-tk-Nw S-Øm≥ {i≤n-°-Ww. ]cn-N-cWw AkpJw _m[n® X≠p-Ifpw Ce-Ifpw o°w sNøp-Ibpw bYm-k-a-bØv {]Xn- tcm[ NnIn’ S-Øp-Ibpw thWw. hf¿® apc-Sn® ]g-ßfpw hnIr-X-amb BIr-Xn-tbm- sS-bp≈ ]g-ßfpw o°w sNø-Ww. t]mfn- t-j≥ S-Øm-Ø-hbpw t]mj-I-Kp-W-ß- fpsS A]-cym-]vXXbp≈-hbpw o°w sNø- Ww. tcmK-_m-[-Iƒ G‰ sNSn-Iƒ DS≥ o°w sNbvXv a‰p sNSn-I-fpsS kwc-£Ww Dd-∏p-h-cp-Ø-Ww. ]∏mb ]g-߃ IS-emkv D]-tbm-Kn®v s]mXn-bp-∂Xv AanX kqcy- {]-Im-i-Øn¬ n∂v kwc-£n-°mpw s{^jv kv ne-n¿Ømpw klm-b-I-am-Wv. ]∏m b sNSn-´v Bdv amk-Ønp tijw ]qhn- S¬ Bcw-`n-°pw. XpS¿∂v aq∂v amk-Øn- p-≈n¬ hnf-sh-Sp∏v Bcw-`n-°mw. (ssPh-Irjn coXn-Iƒ, {Ko≥ lukv Iƒ´n- th-j≥ F∂nh S-∏n-em-°p-Ibpw t{Im]v amt-PnwKv sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Be-∏pg-bnse lcnX Hm¿Km-nIv ^mwkns‚ DS-a-bmWv teJ-I≥. t^m¨: 9048002625) ]∏mb Irjn sNøp-tºmƒ {i≤n-t°≠ Imcy-߃ ]∏m-b-Irjn sNøm-p-t±-in-°p∂ ÿew √ kqcy-{]-Imiw In´p∂- Xm-bn-cn-°-Ww. sh≈w sI´n-n¬°msX o¿hm ¿® Dd-∏p-h-cp-Ø-Ww. A¥-co£ Xm]-ne 26 Un{Kn sk‚n-t{KUv apX¬ 33 Un{Kn sk‚n-t{KUv hsc Bbn-cn-°-Ww. aÆns‚ AæXzw Af-°p-∂-Xn-p≈ am-Z-WvUamb ]nF®v Bdv apX¬ F´v hsc D≠m-I-Ww. Hcp G°¿ ÿesØ ]∏mb Irjnbnse H∂c h¿jsØ hc-hp-sN-e-hp-Iƒ hcp-amw (G-I-tZ-iw) Hcp G°¿ ÿeØv Sm-hp∂ ]∏mb sNSn-I-fpsS FÆw 1150 sNSn-Iƒ Hcp ac-Øn¬ n∂p≈ D¬∏m-Zw 75 Intem{Kmw (G-‰hpw Ipd-™-Xv) Hcp Intem ]∏m-b-bpsS hne 10 cq] (G-‰hpw Ipd-™-Xv) BsI hcp-am-w 8,62,500 cq] sNehv (G-I-tZ-iw) sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°p≈ sNehv 1,80,000 cq] hnf-sh-Sp-∏n-p≈ sNehv (c≠v kv{XoIsf D]-tbm-Kn®v B-gvN-bn¬ c≠v {]mh-iyw) 30,000 cq] XS-sa-Sp-°¬, hfw 90,000 cq] hnØv 10,000 cq] hmlw 15,000 cq] a‰v sNe-hp-Iƒ 20,000 cq] BsI sNehv 3,45,000 cq] em`w 5,17,500 cq]
  26. 26. 26 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Auto Check "Uok¬ Im¿ amnb' ]Xps° A{]-Xy-£am-Ip∂p Uok¬ Imdp-I-fpsS {]hmlw C¥y≥ Im¿ hn]-Wn-bnse hn¬∏--co-Xn-I-sf-bmWv am‰n-a-dn-®-Xv. Uokepw s]t{Smfpw XΩn¬ Hcp en‰-dnv 25 cq]bntesd hne-bn¬ A¥- c-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ ka-bØv C‘--sN-ehnse em`w ap∂n¬ I≠v Uok¬ Imdp-Iƒ hmßp- ∂-Xn-p≈ Xm¬∏cyw D]-t`m-KvXm-°-fn¬ h¿[n-®-t∏mƒ Uok¬ hmcn-b‚p-Iƒ ]pd- Øn-d-°p-∂-Xn¬ Im¿ n¿amW Iº-n-Iƒ XΩn¬ a’-cn-®p. F∂m¬ Uokepw s]t{Smfpw XΩnep≈ hne-bpsS A¥cw 20 Uok¬ Imdp-I-fpsS BI¿j-Wo-bX Ipd-™-tXmsS s]t{Smƒ Imdp-I-fpsS hn¬∏ Ap-]mXw h¿[n-°m-mWv km[y-X. cq]-bn¬ Xmtg°v hcn-Ibpw Hmtcm amkhpw en‰-dnv Hcp cq] hoXw Uok¬ hne h¿[n- ∏n-°p-∂-Xnv k¿°m¿ Xocp-am-n-°p-Ibpw Fkv bp hn (kvt]m¿Svkv bq´n-en‰n shln- °nƒ)-Iƒ°p≈ FIvsskkv Uyq´n-bn¬ aq∂v iX-amw h¿[ hcp-Øm≥ _P‰n¬ n¿tZ-in-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvX-tXmsS Uok ¬ Imdp-I-ƒ°v {]Xy-£-Øn-se-¶n-ep-ap-≠m- bn-cp∂ BI¿j-Wo-bX Ipd-™p-h-cn-I-bm- Wv. Ign™ amkw s]t{Smƒ hne en‰-dnv c≠v cq]bmWv Ipd-™Xv. Ign™ h¿j-ß-fn¬ Im¿ n¿amW Iº-n-Iƒ Uok¬ Imdp-Iƒ ]pd-Øn-d-°p- ∂-Xn-s‚ `mK-ap≈ Kth-jW hnI-k {]h¿Ø--߃°mbn h≥n-t£-]-amWv S-Øn-b-Xv. Uok¬ Imdp-IfpsS C‘--£- a-Xbpw D]-tbm-K-£-a-Xbpw h¿[n-∏n-°p-∂- Xnpw lm®v_m°v Imdp-Iƒ°v t]mepw Uok¬ hmcn-b‚p-Iƒ ]pd-Øn-d-°p-∂-Xnpw Im¿ Iº-n-Iƒ n¿_-‘n-X-cmbn. 2007-˛08¬ samØw Im¿ hn¬∏--bpsS 81 iX-am-hpw s]t{Smƒ Imdp-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ 2012-˛13 kmº-ØnI h¿j-Ønse BZy-]-Ip-Xn- tbmsS AXv 53 iX-am--am-bmWv Ipd-™-Xv. Uok¬ Imdp-Iƒ°p≈ Unam‚ v C°mebf- hn¬ F{X-tØmfw h¿[n-®p-sh-∂mWv Cu IW°v hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ Cn-b- 26 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 Uok¬ Imdn-mbn A[nIw Imiv apS-°p-∂Xv ]mgvsN-ehv? s]t{Smƒ Imdp-IfpsS hn¬∏bnse Ap-]mXw KWy-ambn Ipd-™-t∏mƒ ]e Im¿ n¿amW Iº-n-Ifpw Uo k¬ Im¿ Hcp hn`mKw D]-t`m-‡m-°ƒ °v am{X-amWv Ap-tbm-Py-am-bn-cn-°p- ∂-sX-∂-Xns Ipdn®v t_m[-h¬°- cWw S-Øm≥ {]tXyI {i≤ Im´n. {]Xn-amkw 1800 Intem-ao-‰-dnv apI-fn¬ Im¿ HmSn-°p-∂-h¿°v am{X-amWv Uok¬ Imdns‚ D]-tbmKw em`-I-c- sa∂ IW-°p-Iƒ nc-ØnbmWv Uok¬ Imdn-tm-Sp≈ {]Xn-]Øn Ipd- °m≥ Im¿ n¿amW Iº-n-Iƒ {ian- ®-Xv. am{X-hp-a-√, Uok¬ Imdn-mbn ¬Ip∂ A[nIXpI Xncn-®p-]n-Sn- °m≥ km[n-°p-∂Xv h¿j-߃°p tijw am{X-am-Wv. DZm-l-c-W-Ønv amcpXn kzn^v‰ns‚ Uok¬ Imdnv s]t{Smƒ Imdn-t-°mƒ 1.08 e£w tImSn cq] A[nI hne-bp-≠v. 89,000 Intem-ao-‰-sd-¶nepw HmSn-bm¬ am{X-amWv Cu XpI Xncn-®p-]n-Sn-°m≥ km[n-°p- ∂-Xv. AXn-m-Is´ mec h¿j-tØm fw th≠n-h-cpw. Uok¬ Imdp-Iƒ k¿ hokv sNøp-∂-Xn-p≈ sNehv s]t{Sm ƒ Imdp-I-tf-°mƒ Cc-´n-tbmfw hcpw. tßm´v s]t{Smƒ Imdp-I-fpsS hn¬∏ h¿ [n-°m-mWv km[y-X. Fkv bp hn (kvt]m¿Svkv bq´n-en‰n sh ln-°nƒ)-Iƒ°p≈ FIvsskkv Uyq´n-bn¬ aq∂v iX-amw h¿[ hcp-Ømp≈ _P ‰nse n¿tZiw hmWnPy CXc hml-- ߃°v C‘--ambn Uok¬ D]-tbm-Kn°p- ∂-Xns ncp-’m-l-s∏-Sp-ØpI F∂ b- Øns‚ `mK-am-Wv. Uok¬ Imdp-Iƒ krjvSn- °p∂ A¥-co£ aen-o-I-c-Whpw k¿°m- cns Cu Zni-bn¬ Nn¥n-°m≥ t{]cn-∏n-®n- ´p-≠v. Uokens‚bpw s]t{Sm-fn-s‚bpw hne- bnse A¥cw Ipd-™n-cp-∂-t∏mƒ Uok¬ Imdp-Iƒ°v C∂-tØXp t]mse Unam‚ v D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Uok¬ hne h¿[n-°p∂ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ B ÿnXn-bn-te°v Im¿ hn¬∏--bpsS Ap-]m-X-߃ Xncn-®p-t]m- Im-mWv km[y-X. Fkvbphn (kvt]m¿Svkv bq ´n-en‰n shln-°nƒ)Iƒ°p ≈ FIvsskkv Uyq´n-bn¬ aq∂v iX-amw h¿[ hcp- Ømp≈ _P‰nse n¿tZ iw hmWnPy CXc hml-- ߃°v C‘--ambn Uo k¬ D]-tbm-Kn°p∂-Xns ncp-’m-l-s∏-Sp-ØpI F ∂ b-Øns‚ `mK-am-Wv.
  27. 27. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 27 Tech Time KmeIvkn Fkv t^m¿ IqSn ]pd-Øn-d- °n-b-tXmsS kmwkMv kvam¿´vt^m¨ hn]- Wn-bn¬ Hcp NphSv IqSn apt∂m-´p-sh-°pI- bmWv sNbvX-Xv. Z£n-W-sIm-dn-b≥ Iº- n-bmb kmwkMv KmeIvkn Fkv 4 ]pd- Øn-d-°n-bXv bpF-kn-em-Wv. kmwk-Mns‚ KmeIvkn kocn-knse D¬∏∂Øns‚ B tKmf hn]-W-tm-ZvLm-Sw bpF-kns‚ a Æn¬ S-Øp-∂Xv BZyam-bm-Wv. Xß-fpsS sFt^m¨ 5s sh√m≥ kmwk-Mns‚ KymeIvkn s4 kvam¿´vt^m¨ hn]-Wn-bn¬ B∏n-fp-ambn S-°p∂ t]mcn¬ ap∂n-se- Øm-mbn kmwkMv KymeIvkn Fkv kocn-knse mem-as ]pd-Øn-d-°p- ∂Xv IqSp-X¬ khn-ti-j-X-I-tfm-sS-bm-Wv. Xncn-®p-]n-Sn-®p. IqSp-X¬ khn-ti-j-X-I-fp- ambn Fkv 4 hn]-Wn-bn-se-Øn°p∂ kmwkMns‚ e£yw hy‡w. Hmtcm XhW KmeIvkn Fkns‚ ]pXnb cq]w hn]-Wn-bn-se-Øn-°p-tºmgpw hen∏w Iq´m-mWv kmwkMv {i≤n-°p-∂- Xv. KmeIvkn Fkv3bpsS hen∏w 4.8 C©v Bbncp-∂p. Fkv3bp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNøp- tºmƒ Fkv4se _m‰dn 20 iX-amw hep- XmWv. AtX kabw CXv _m‰-dn-bpsS sse^v Iq´p-tam-sb∂v Iºn hy‡-am-°n- bn-´n-√. Fkv 3bqsS kv{Io≥ sdk-eyq-j≥ 1280 X 720 ]nIvk-em-sW-¶n¬ 1920 X 1080 ]nIvk- emWv Fkv 4s‚ kv{Io≥ sdk-eyq-j≥. H∏w lm¿Uvshbdns‚ tijnbpw Iyma-d- bpsS anIhpw Hcp ]Sn ap∂n-se-Øp-∂p. Fkv3-bnse Iymad F´v saKm-]n-Ivkem sW-¶n¬ Fkv 4s‚ Iymad 13 saKm-]n-Ivk- epw. 1.4 PnKm-ssl‰vkv tijn-bp≈ IzmUv tIm¿ t{]mk-k-dmWv Fkv 3 bq-tS-Xv. Fkv 4t‚Xv 1.9 PnKm-ssl‰vkv tijn-bp≈ Izm¿ Uv tIm¿ t{]mk-k-dpw. Fkv 3 B≥t{Um- bnUns‚ sFkv{Iow km≥hn®v ]Xn-∏n- emWv ]pd-Øn-d-°n-b-Xv. AtX kabw Fkv 4 B≥t{Um-bn-Uns‚ G‰hpw ]pXnb ]Xn- ∏mb Pn√n _on-emWv ]pd-Øn-d-ßp-∂-Xv. D]-tbmKw Imcy-£-a-am-°m-mbn ]pXnb kmt¶-Xn-I-hn-Zy-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-®mWv Fkv 4 Hcp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. DZm-l-c-WØv kv{Ionv ASpØmbn hnc-ep-Iƒ FØp- tºmƒ Xs∂ Nne Bπn-t°-j-p-Iƒ {]Xn- I-cn®p XpS-ßpw. Nne Bπn-t°-j-p-Iƒ nb-{¥n-°p-∂-Xnv t^mWnv apI-fn-embn hnc-ep-Iƒ hmbp-hn¬ Nen-∏n-®m¬ am{Xw aXn. Features Galaxy S4 iPhone 5 Screen size 5-inch 4-inch Resolution 1,920x1,080 1,136x640 Thickness 7.9 mm 7.6 mm Processor 1.9 GHz quad-core A6 or 1.6 GHz octa-core Camera (rear/front) 13MP/2MP 8MP/0.9MP RAM 2GB 1GB Video recording 1,080p 080p/30fps Weight 130g 112g Platform Android(Jelly Bean) iOS6 Battery life 2,600 mAh 8 hrs talk time/ 225 hrs standby ASpØ amk-ß-fn¬ Fkv 4 hn]-Wn- bn¬ hn¬∏--bvs°-Øp-sa-∂mWv {]Xo-£n- °p-∂-Xv. temI-sa-ºmSpw Fkv 3 °v e`n- °p∂ anI® kzoImcyX Xs∂-bmWv IqSp- X¬ khn-ti-j-X-I-fp-ambn Fkv 4 ]pd-Øn- d-°m≥ kmwk-ßnp t{]c-W-bm-b-Xv. A ©v C©v hen-∏-ap≈ Fkv 4v sFt^m¨ 5D-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNøp-tºmƒ hen-∏-°q- Sp-X-ep-≠v. Bi-b-߃ tNm¿Øp-∂p-sh∂ t]cn¬ nb-a-bp-≤w {]Jym-]n® B∏n-fns Ah- cpsS cmPyØv sN∂v sh√p-hn-fn-°p-I-bmWv CXn-eqsS kmwkMvv sNbvXXv. B t K m f kvam¿´v t^m ¨ hn]-Wn-bn ¬ B∏n-fp-am bn Ct©m-Sn©v t]mcm´amWv kmwkMv S Øp-∂-Xv. 2010 ¬ B∏n-fns‚ sFt^m-Wns‚ hn¬∏--bpsS ]IpXnt]mepw kmwk-Mns‚ KmeIvkn F kv t^mWpIƒ °v ssIh-cn-°m- m-bn-s√-¶nepw ]n∂oSv hn]Wn ]¶mfnØØn¬ Gsd apt∂m-´p-t]m-Im≥ kmwk-Mnp Ign-™p. Ct∏mƒ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ hn¬∏ ssIh- cn-°p∂ kvam¿´vt^m¨ F∂ ÿm-Øn- mbn a’-cn-°p-I-bmWv Ccp-I-º-n-I-fpw. Ign™ h¿jw aq∂mw ss{Xam-k-Øn¬ sFt^m¨ 5s ]n∂n-em°n temI-Ønse G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ hn¬°-s∏-Sp∂ kvam¿´v t^m¨ Bbn Kme-Ivkn Fkv 3 amdn. AtX kabw memw ss{Xam-k- Øn¬ sFt^m¨ 5 H∂mw ÿmw slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 27 KmeIvkn Fkv4Dw sFt^m¨5Dw: Hcp Xmc-Xayw
  28. 28. 28 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 ]cn-ÿn-Xn-bpsS aSn-bn¬ Ccp∂v amSn-hn-fn-°p∂ "tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n' tIc-f-Ønse tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n taJ-e-bn¬ hyXy-kvX-amb Hcp _nkn-kv amXrI ]co-£n-°p-I-bmWv [-Imcy tkh taJ-e-bnse {]apJ Iº-n-bmb apØq‰v {Kq∏n¬ Dƒs∏-Sp∂ apØq‰v sej¿ & tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n k¿ho-kkv. cmPym-¥c Iº-n-bmb sdIvkm If-IvSo-hv amtPv sNøp∂ kvs]jy-ssekvUv s{]mPIvSp-I-fnemWv apØq‰v sej¿ & tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n k¿ho-kkv {i≤ tI{μo-I-cn®ncn-°p∂Xv. Hospitality tlmkv]n‰m-en‰n cwKØv hyXy-kvX-am b _nkn-kv amXr-I-bmWv apØq‰v sej¿ & tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n k¿ho-kkv S-∏n-em- °p-∂-Xv. 1975¬ Xs∂ sIm®n-bn¬ anUvem‚ v tlm´¬ (C-t∏mƒ {]h¿Øn-°p- ∂n-√) ÿm]n®v Cu taJ-e-bn-¬ Iºn XpS°w Ipdn-®n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ ]t£ Cu taJ-e-bpsS bYm¿∞ km[y-X-Iƒ a-kn- em°nb-Xnv Ap-k-cn®v cq]-s∏-Sp-Ønb dntkm¿´pIfpsS km∂n[yw Cu cwKØv A[n-I-an-√. CXv Xncn-®-dn-™mWv 2001¬ tX°-Sn-bnse Im¿Uaw I¨{Sn F∂ dntkm¿´v Gs‰-Sp-°p-Ibpw D∂X ne-hm- c-ap≈ dntkm¿´mbn AXv hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp- °p-Ibpw sNbvX-Xv.''˛ apØq‰v sej¿ & tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n k¿ho-kkns‚ Npa-Xe hln-°p∂ aqØq‰v {Kq∏v FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Ub-d-IvS¿ tPm¿Pv Fw.-tPm¿Pv ]d-™p. apØq‰v sej¿ & tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n k¿ho-kkv tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n cwK-tØ°v IS-∂Xv hyXy-kvX-amb Nne kao-]--ß- tfm-sS-bm-Wv. Ign™ H∂c ]Xn-‰m-≠n-nsS D]-t`m-‡m-°-ƒ D¬∏-∂-߃ sXc-s™-Sp- °p∂ coXn-bn¬ Ht´sd am‰-ß-fp-≠m-bn-´p- ≠v. D¬∏-∂-߃ sXc-s™-Sp-°p-tºmƒ ]cn-ÿn-Xn-sbbpw kaq-l-sØbpw tZmj-I- c-ambn _m[n-°p∂ D¬∏-∂-ß-fn¬ n∂v amdn-n¬°p∂ coXn mw Dƒs°m-≠p. B coXn tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n taJ-e-bnepw D≠m- bn-´p-≠v. shdpsX dntkm¿´p-I-fn¬ sN∂v Xe-Nm-bv°p-∂-Xnv ]Icw AhnSw ]cn-ÿn- Xn-tbmSpw {]mtZ-inI kaq-l-tØmSpw F{X- am{Xw CW-ßn-n¬°p-∂p-sh∂v hne-bn- cpØn Xma-k-ÿ-e-߃ sXc-s™-Sp-°p∂ coXn-bn¬ hfsc {]_p-≤-cmWv ]e hntm- Z-k-©m-cn-Ifpw. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ as‰mcp dntkm¿´v IqSn ÿm]n-°pI F∂ ]Xnhv _nkn-kv ssien-b√ Iºn ]n¥p-S¿∂-Xv. ""]cn-ÿn- Xn°pw {]mtZ-inI kaq-l-Ønpw mw F¥p ¬Ip-∂psh∂Xv {][m--am-sW∂ Xncn-®-dn-thm-sS-bmWv R߃ Cu taJ-e- bn¬ {]h¿Øn°p∂-Xv. tX°-Sn-bnse BZn-hm-kn-Iƒ°v sXmgn¬ Ah-k-c-߃ krjvSn®pw s]cn-bm¿ ssSK¿ ^ut≠- jpambn tN¿∂v {]h¿Øn®pw Im¿Uaw I¨{Sn B ]cn-ÿn-Xn-bpsSbpw {]mtZ-inI kaq-l-Øn-s‚bpw `mK-ambn amdn.''˛ tPm¿Pv Fw.-tPm¿Pv ]d-™p. 2001-emWv apØq‰v sej¿ & tlmkv]n- ‰m-en‰n k¿ho-kkv Im¿Uaw I¨{Sn Gs‰- Sp-Ø-Xv. XpS°w anI-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂n-√. B h¿jw sk]v‰w-_¿ 11mWv bpF-kn¬ `oI-cm-{I-aWw D≠m-b-Xv. AXv temIsØ {Smh¬ & Sqdnkw taJ-e-sb i‡-amb XI¿®-bn-te-°mWv bn-®-Xv. ]t£ AXn¬ n∂v ]eXpw ]Tn-°m≥ km[n® tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n Unhn-j≥ amt-Pvsa‚nv AXv ]n∂oSv _nkn--kn¬ apt∂m-´p-t]m- Ip-∂-Xn-p≈ Ap-`-h-]m-T-hp-ambn amdn. 2005emWv Be-∏p-g-bn¬ lukvt_m´v cwK-tØ°v IS-∂-Xv. H´pw Bkq-{Xn-X-a-√m- sXbpw kwL-Sn-X-a-√m-sXbpw {]h¿Øn- tX°-Sn-bnse BZn-hm-kn- Iƒ°v sXmgn¬ Ah-k-c- ߃ krjvSn®pw s]cn-bm ¿ ssSK¿ ^ut≠jpam bn tN¿∂v {]h¿Øn®pw Im¿Uaw I¨{Sn dntkm¿ ´v B ÿesØ ]cn-ÿn- Xn-bpsSbpw {]mtZ-inI k aq-l-Øn-s‚bpw `mK-ambn amdn. _nkn-kv amXr-I-bp-ambn Cu taJ-e-bn- te°v IS-°p-∂Xv 2001-em-Wv. tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n taJ-e-bnse hnhn[ km[y-X-Isf hne-bn-cp-Øn-b-Xnp tij- amWv apØq‰v sej¿ & tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n k¿ho-kkv Cu cw-K-tØ°v IS-∂-Xv. ""XmPv, sFSn-kn, H_vtdmbv XpS-ßnb h≥InS {_m‚p-Iƒ {]h¿Øn-°p∂ _nkn- kv tlm´¬ cwKØv i‡-amb a’-c-am- Wp-≈-Xv. AtX kabw dntkm¿´p-I-fpsS taJ-e-bn¬ nI-Ø-s∏-SmØ Ah-kc-- -ß- fp-s≠∂v R߃ Xncn-®-dn-™p. Hcp `mKØv Nne henb Iº-n-I-fpsS dntkm¿´p-Iƒ, adp-`m-KØv tlmw tÃIƒ t]mep≈ {]mYanI kuI-cy-߃. CXn- n-S-bn-¬ n¬°p∂ KpW-n-e-hm-c-ap≈ tX°-Sn-bnse Im¿Uaw I¨{Sn dntkm¿´v: Hcp cm{Xn Zriyw 28 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013
  29. 29. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 29 °p∂ lukvt_m´v taJ-e-bnepw Iºn ]e am‰ßfpw sIm≠p-h-∂p. ""C¥y-bn¬ hntm-Z-k-©m-cn-Iƒ I≠n-cn-t°≠ {]tZ- i-ß-fn¬ XmPva-l¬ Ign-™m¬ c≠mw ÿm-Øv ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Be-∏pgbn se Imb-ep-Isf in-∏n-°p∂ coXn-bn-emWv lukvt_m-´p-Iƒ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂sX∂v R߃ a-kn-em-°n. ]W-ap-≠m-°pI F∂ H‰e£y-tØmsS am{Xw lukvt_m´v _nkn--kns kao-]n-°p-∂-Xns‚ Zqjy- ߃ hfsc hep-Xm-Wv. AXn-semcp am‰w hcp-ØpIbmWv R߃ sNbvX-Xv.''˛tPm¿Pv Fw.-tPm¿Pv ]d-™p. ]mcn-ÿn-XnI kulrZ]c-amb kma-{Kn- Iƒ am{Xw D]-tbm-Kn®mWv dnh¿ FkvtI dntkm¿´p-Ifpw amtPv sNøp∂ sdIvkm If-IvSohv ne-n¿Øp∂ cmPym-¥c ne- hm-c-amWv Im¿Uaw I¨{Snbnepw dnh¿ FkvtI]vknep-ap-≈-Xv. sdIvkm If-IvSo-hp-ambn tN¿∂v Be- ∏pg amcmcn IS-∏p-dØnv kao]w Hcp dn tkm¿´pw t^m¿´vsIm®n-bn¬ Hcp tlm´epw ASpØ h¿j-ß-fn¬ Bcw-`n-°pw. Gsd khn-ti-j-X-I-tfmsSbmWv Cu ]≤-Xn-Iƒ cq]-I¬∏ sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. amcmcn IS- ∏p-dØnv kao]w hfsc hnim-e-amb {]tZ- iØv 25 tImt´-Pp-Iƒ am{X-ap≈ kvs]jy- ssekvUv s{]mPIvSv BWv S-∏n-em-°p-∂- Xv. C¥y°v ]pd-tØ°pw IS-°m≥ Cu kwcw-`-Ønv ]≤-Xn-bp-≠v. ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS FÆ-Øn-e-√, Ah-bpsS KpW-n-e-hm-c-Øn- emWv X߃ {i≤-bq-∂p-∂sX∂pw AXp- sIm-≠p-Xs∂ kvs]jy-ssekvUv s{]mP- IvSp-I-fn¬ am{X-am-bn-cn°pw X߃ nt£]w S-Øp-∂sX∂pw tPm¿Pv ]d- ™p. ]vkv F∂ {_m‚n¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ sI´p- sh-≈-߃ cq]-I¬∏ sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. amen-y-߃ X≈n Imb-en-s sIm√p∂ lukvt_m´v DSaIƒ°v dnh¿ FkvtI ]vkv hgn-Im-´n. ""BZy-ambn sI´p-sh-≈- ß-fnse amen-y-߃ kwkvI-cn-°p-∂-Xn- p≈ πm‚ v ÿm]n-®Xv Rß-fm-Wv. CXn- mbn henb sNehv Bh-iy-ambn hcn- Ibpw sNbvXp. a‰v sI´p-sh-≈-ß-fnse amen-y-ßfpw ^okv CuSm°n Rß-fpsS πm‚n¬ kwkvI-cn-°mw. sI´ph≈ßfnse ameny߃ kwkvIcn°p∂Xnp≈ πm‚ v ÿm]n°p∂Xns Ipdn®v k¿°m¿ Btem-Nn-°p-∂Xv Ct∏m-ƒ am{X-am-Wv. B ]≤-Xn-bm-Is´ Fßp-sa-Øn-bn-´p-an-√.''˛ tPm¿Pv ]d-™p. Poh--°m-cpsS {]h¿Ø--ssi-en-bpw AtXmsSm∏w ho-I-cn-®p. a‰v sI´p-sh-≈- ß-fn¬ kok-Wn¬ am{Xw tPmen sNøp∂ ]m¿´v ssSw Poh--°m-cm-Wp-≈-sX-¶n¬ dnh¿ FkvtI-]vkns‚ sI´p-sh-≈-ß-fn¬ tPmen-tbmSv {]Xn-_-≤-X-bp-≈, apgp-h≥ kab Poh--°m-cm-Wp-≈-Xv. Ah¿°v Bh- iy-amb ]cn-io-e-hpw ¬In-bn-´p-≠v. dnh¿ FkvtI-]vkns‚ sI´p-sh-≈-ß-fnemWv bqWn-t^mapw Xncn-®-dn-b¬ Im¿Upw [cn® Poh--°m¿ BZy-ambn {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Ct∏mƒ dnh¿ FkvtI-]vkns‚ ]Øv sI´p- sh-≈-ß-fmWv Be-∏p-g-bn¬ k¿hokv S- Øp-∂-Xv. sdIvkm If-IvSohv F∂ cmPym-¥c tlm´¬ amt-Pvsa‚ v Iº-n-bpambn tN¿∂mWv Im¿Uaw I¨{Sn F∂ dntkm¿´pw dnh¿ FkvtI]vkv F∂ {_m‚n- ep≈ sI´p-h-≈-ßfpw {]h¿Øn-∏n-°p-∂- Xv. B¿°n-sS-IvN-d¬ Unssk≥ apX¬ ssZw-Zn {]h¿Øw hsc-bp≈ Imcy- ߃ Ah-cmWv amtPv sNøp-∂-Xv. temI- Ønse hnhn[ cmPy-ß-fn¬ tlm´-ep-Ifpw sdIvkm If-IvSo-hp-ambn tN ¿∂v Be-∏pg amcmcn IS- ∏p-dØnv kao]w Hcp dn tkm¿´pw t^m¿´vsIm®n-bn ¬ Hcp tlm´epw ASpØ h¿j-ß-fn¬ Bcw-`n-°pw. Gsd khn-ti-j-X-ItfmsS bmWv Cu ]≤-Xn-Iƒ cq]- I¬∏ sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂- Xv. tX°-Sn-bnse Im¿Uaw I¨{Sn dntkm¿´v dnh¿ FkvtI]vkv: £{X kuI-cy-ß-fp≈ sI´p-sh≈w slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 29
  30. 30. 30 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n taJ-e-bn¬ nt£- ]-Ønv Bp-]m-Xn-I-amb em`w (dn-t´¨ Hm¨ C≥sh-Ãvsa‚ v) Ipd-hm-sW∂ ]cmXn Cu taJ-e-bnse Nne¿ D∂-bn-°m- dp-s≠-¶nepw AXv nt£-]-co-Xn-bnse ]ni- Ip-Iƒ aqe-am-sW-∂mWv Rm≥ a-kn-em- °p-∂-Xv. Cu taJ-e-bn¬ kwcw-`-߃ Bcw-`n-°p-∂-h¿ hnth-I-tØmsS nt£- ]w S-ØpI F∂Xv hfsc {][m--am-Wv. cmPym-¥c tlm´¬ {_m‚p-Iƒ°v Ah- cp-tS-Xmb ne-hmc Nn´-I-fp-≠v. F∂m¬ C¥y-bn¬ FØp-tºmƒ Ah-cpsS tlm´- ep-I-fpsS ne-hmcw h¿[n-°p-I-bmtWm F∂v kwibw tXm∂pw. ChnsS AØcw {_m‚p-I-fp-ambn tN¿∂v kwcw-`-Øn-te¿s∏- Sp∂ nt£-]-I-cpsS Nne ap≥hn-[n-I-fmWv CXnv Imc-Ww. bpF-kn¬ Sq Ãm¿ kuI- cy-ß-tfmsS _P‰v tlm´-ep-Iƒ n¿an-°p∂ {_m‚p-Isf C¥y-bn-te°v £Wn®v ss^ hv Ãm¿ tlm´-ep-Iƒ ]Wn-bn-∏n-°p-I-bmWv ]e nt£-]-I-cp-sSbpw coXn. nt£-]-I- cpsS Zpc-`n-am--amWv CXnv ImcWw. Bh- iy-Øn¬ IqSp-X¬ nt£]w S-Øn-b-Xnp tijw dnt´¨ Hm¨ C≥sh-Ãvsa‚ v Ipd- bp-∂p-sh∂v ]dbp-∂-Xn¬ A¿∞-an-√. tlm´-ep-I-ƒ ÿm]n-°p∂ `qanbpsS hne samØw ]≤Xn sNe-hns‚ 10-˛15 iX- am--Øn¬ IqSm≥ ]mSn√. ]t£ C¥y- bn¬ ]≤Xn sNe-hns‚ 150 iX-am--amWv `qan hne. 100 tImSn cq]- n¿amW sNehv hcp∂ tlm´-enp≈ `qan-bv°mbn 150 tImSn cq] sNe-hn-Sp-tºmƒ nt£-]-Øn v Ap-kr-X-amb t´w In´-W-sa-∂n-√. Hospitality tlm´¬ _nkn--kn¬ em`w Ipd-bp∂Xv F¥p-sIm≠v? tIc-f-Ønse tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n taJ-e-bnse {]h-W-X-I-sfIpdn®v aqØq‰v {Kq∏v FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Ub-d-IvS¿ tPm¿Pv Fw.-tPm¿Pns‚ nco-£-W-߃ ]ªnIv Cjyp A√ anI® hgn `mhn-bn¬ ]ªnIv C jyp S--Øp- ∂Xv ]-cn-K- W--bn¬ hcm≥ km [y-X-bp- s≠-¶nepw nt£] k am-l-c-W-Øn v AXmWv an I® hgn-sb∂ A `n-{]mbw Fn-°n-√; {] tXy-In®pw C∂sØ hn]-Wn-bn¬. ]ªnIv Cjyphnv t]mIp-tºmƒ tlm´-ep-I-fpsS FÆw h¿[n-∏n-°m≥ Ht´sd kΩ¿Z-ß-fp- ≠m-Ipw. AtXmsS kvs]jy-ssekvUv s{]m PIvSpI-fn¬ am{Xw tI{μo-I-cn-°p∂ _nkn- kv amXrI Xs∂ amt‰-≠n-h-cpw. AXntm Sv Fn°v tbmPn-∏n-√. Xo¿®-bmbpw `mhn- bn¬ IqSp-X¬ nt£-]w Is≠-tØ≠n hcp-sa-¶nepw _nkn-kv amXr-Ibn¬ am‰w hcp-∂-sXm∂pw R߃ sNøn-√. a‰v cmPy-ßsf amXr-I-bm-°-Ww tIc-f-Ønse tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n taJ-e- bnse bYm¿∞ Ah-k-c-ßsf Cnbpw mw icn-bmbn {]tbm-P--s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√. Ct°m SqdnkØns‚ t]cn¬ {]i-kvX-amb tImÃm-dn° t]mep≈ sIm®pcmPy-ß- fnse Sqdn-kw-˛-tlm-kv]n-‰m-en‰n taJ-e-I-fn¬ ne-n¬°p-∂Xp t]mep≈ hy‡-amb am-Z-WvU-ßtfm ne-hmcw kw_-‘n® njvI¿j-Itfm mw ]n¥p-S-cp-∂n-√. tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n taJ-ebpsS B[p-n-I- h¬°-c-W-Ønv k¿´n-^n-t°-j≥ coXn- Ifpw IrXy-amb am¿K-n¿tZ-i-ßfpw Bh- iy-am-Wv. tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n taJ-ebpsS hf¿® °p th≠ S-]-Sn-Iƒ k¿°m-cns‚ `mK Øp n∂v Imcy-ambn D≠m-Ip-∂n-√. {ioe- ¶bpw ate-jybpw t]mep≈ cmPy-ß-fnse tlmkv]n-‰m-en‰n taJ-ebpsS hf¿®°p ]n∂n¬ k¿°m¿ Ap-h-Zn-°p∂ k_vkn- Un-Iƒ {][m LS-I-am-Wv. k_vknUn ¬In-bn-s√-¶n¬ t]mepw tIc-f-Ønse Cu taJ-e-bpsS hf¿®bv°v klm-b-I-amb Cf-hp-Iƒ k¿°m¿ ¬I-Ww. Cu taJe k¿°m-cnv ¬Ip∂ hcp-amw IW-°n- se-SpØv Aan-X-amb nIpXn Ipd-bv°m≥ k¿°m¿ Xbm-dm-I-Ww. BtKmf hntm-Z-k-©m-cn-I-fpsS a- kn¬ tIc-f-Øns‚ sFU‚n‰n GXv coXn- bn¬ ]Xn-b-W-sa∂ ImgvN-∏m-Sv ap°v D≠m-I-Ww. GXv Xc-Øn-ep≈ Sqdn-Ãp-I- sf-bmWv BI¿jn-t°-≠-sX∂ hy‡X thWw. F√m hn`m-K-Øn-sebpw Bfp- IfpsSbpw n¿tZ-i-߃ D≠m-Ip-tºm-gmWv tIcfØnse Sqdn-kw-˛-tlm-kv]n-‰m-en‰n ta- J-e-I-fnse km[y-X-Iƒ icn-bmbn {]tbm- P--s∏-Sp-Øm≥ km[n-°pI
  31. 31. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 31 Career ]ehntZi_m¶p-Ifpwho´n- en-cp∂v tPmen sNøp∂ coXn AYhm sSen-h¿°nwKv C¥y-bnse imJ-I-fn¬ S- ∏n-em-°p-∂Xv bpF-knse sXmgn¬ coXn AtX ]Sn Ap-I-cn-°m-p≈ AanX Xm¬∏cyw sIms≠m-∂p-a-√. Ahsc kw_-‘n®v C¥y≥ kml-N-cy-ß-fn¬ AXmWv sNehv Ipd™ coXn. ho´nen-cp∂v tPmen sNøp-∂Xv bpFkv t]mep≈ hnI-knX cmPy-ß-fn¬ km[m- c-W-ambn Ign™ sXmgn¬ ioe-am-Wv. AXn-thK hnn-a-b-Øn-p≈ kuI-cy- sam-cp-°p∂ C‚¿s‰pw samss_¬ t^mWpw Pohn-X-Øns‚ `mK-ambn Ign™ C°m-eØv tPmen sNøm≥ Hm^o-kn¬ hc-W-sa∂v n¿_‘w ]nSn- °p-∂Xv ]gb Ime-Øns‚ ioe-am-sW∂ Xncn-®-dn-hmWv hnI-kn-X-cm-Py-ß-fnse sXmgn¬ A¥co£sØ am‰n-a-dn-®-Xv. Cu ioew ]Xps° C¥y-bn-te°pw ]S¿∂p- I-gn-™n-´p-≠v. _mw•qcpw apwss_bpw t]mep≈ h≥ -K-c-ß-fnse sFSn Iº-n-I-fnse Poh-- °m¿°v ho´n-en-cp∂v tPmen sNøpI F∂ Hm]vj≥ sXc-s™-Sp-°m≥ Ah-k-c-ap-≠v. AXv apgp-h≥ ka-b-tØt°m `mKn-I-amtbm BImw. CØcw Iº-n-I-fn¬ Hcp Poh-- °m-cs‚ Imcy-£-a-X-bpsS am-Z-WvUw Abmƒ tPmen sNøm-mbn Hm^o-kn¬ hnn-tbm-Kn-°p∂ aWn-°q-dp-Iƒ F{X- sb∂X√. dnt∏m¿´nwKpw sSen-I-ayq-Wn-t°- jpw IrXy-k-a-b-ß-fn¬ ho´n-en-cp∂v sNømsa-∂n-cns° Iº-n-bpsS {]h¿Ø- -ß-fn¬ Poh--°m-cs‚ "AZriykm∂n- [yw' am{Xw aXn-bm-Ipw. ho´n-en-cp∂v tPmen sNøm-p≈ Ah- kcw Poh--°m-cpsS ]ncn-ap-dp°w Ipdbv°m pw Ah-cpsS IqSp-X¬ Btcm-Ky-I-c-amb ]¶m-fnØw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Ømpw km[n-°p-sa- ∂-XmWv bpFkv t]mep≈ hnI-kn-X-cm-Py- ß-fn¬ S-°p∂ ]T--߃ sXfn-bn-°p-∂- Xv. {]Xy-£-Øn¬ sXmgn-em-fn-°mWv Cu sXmgn¬ coXn IqSp-X¬ KpW-I-c-am-Ip-∂- sX∂v tXm∂mw. F∂m¬ AXv ]q¿W-am bpw icn-b-√. sXmgn-emfn kulr-Z-]-c-amWv Cu sXmgn¬ ioesa¶nepw Nne kml-N- cy-ß-fn¬ sXmgn-em-fn-I-tf-°mƒ sXmgn-ep-S- a°mWv Cu coXn D]-tbm-K-{]-Z-am-Ip-∂-Xv. "dnk¿hv s_©n-'en-cn-°p∂ ]pXnb Poh- -°m-c≥ apgp-h≥ kab tPmen-I-fpsS `mK- amIpw hsc Hm^o-kn¬ hcm-Xn-cn-°p-∂-Xm Wv sFSn Iº-n-Iƒ°v em`-I-cw. _mw•q- cn-sebpw apwss_-bn-sebpw {Sm^n°v Ipcp- °n¬ kabw ]mgm°p∂ Poh--°m-c≥ B tcØv "{^jmbn' tPmen-I-fn-te°v IS-°p- tºmƒ Iº-n-bpsS D¬∏m-Z--£-aXbmWv h¿[n-°p-∂-Xv. ]e hntZi _m¶p-Ifpw ho´n-en-cp∂v tPmen sNøp∂ coXn AYhm sSen- h¿°nwKv C¥y-bnse imJ-I-fn¬ S-∏n- em-°p-∂Xv bpF-knse sXmgn¬ coXn A tX ]Sn Ap-I-cn-°m-p≈ AanX Xm¬∏ cyw sIms≠m-∂p-a-√. Ahsc kw_-‘n®v C¥y≥ kml-N-cy-ß-fn¬ AXmWv IqSp- X¬ sNehv Ipd™ coXn. Hm^okv ÿe- Ønv henb nt£]w Bh-iy-am-sW- ∂Xv hoSp-Isfbpw km‰-sse‰v Hm^o-kp- I-sfbpw tI{μo-I-cn-®p≈ sXmgn¬ ssien°v {]m[myw ¬Im≥ Cu Iº- n-Isf t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂p. hmS-Ibv°pw sXmgn¬ kma-{Kn-Iƒ°p-ambn th≠n-h- cp∂ sNe hv em`n-°m-sa-∂Xp am{X-a√ iºfw t]mepw Ipd®p sImSpØm¬ aXnsb∂ t´-hpw Iº-n-Iƒ°p-≠v. Ãmt‚¿Uv Nm¿t´-Uv, F®v-F-kv_n-kn, kn‰n _m¶v XpS-ßnb hntZi _m¶p-Iƒ sSenh¿°nwKv Hm]vj≥ apt∂m-´p-sh-°p- tºmƒ Cu Iº-n-I-fnse Ht´sd Poh-- °m-cmWv AXv sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. Hm^o-kv A¥-co-£-Ønse bm{¥n-I-X- bn¬ ]ncn-ap-dpIn ]Wn-sb-SpØv In´p∂ A[nI iº-f-tØ-°mƒ sSen-h¿°nw-Kns‚ kuI-cy-߃°v {]m[myw sImSp°p∂ hcmWv Cu sXmgn¬ ioe-Øn-te°v hgn- am-dp-∂-Xv. iºfw A¬∏w Ipd-™mepw bm{X°pw `£-W-Ønpw a‰p-am-bp≈ sNehv em`n-°m-sa-∂Xpw Ahsc Cu Hm]vj-n-te°v BI¿jn-°p-∂p. ÿnc- ambn Hm^o-kn¬ hcp∂ Poh--°m¿°v t]mepw ÿnc-amb kot‰m Hm^okv ÿ etam C√mØXmWv Cu _m¶p-I-fnse coXn. CØcw _m¶p-I-fn¬ IrXy-amb sXmgn¬ kabw ]men-°-W-sa∂v n¿_- ‘-hp-an-√. Poh--°msc ho´n-en-cp∂v tPmen sNøm≥ Ap-h-Zn-°p∂ hnIknX cmPy-ß-fnse sXmgn¬ coXn C¥y-bn-se Iº-n-I-fnte°pw ]S-cp-∂p. ho´n-en-cp∂v tPmen sNbvXm¬ ]e-Xp≠v sa®w
  32. 32. 32 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 ^vfm‰p-Iƒ hmßp-∂h¿ Cn SnUn-Fkv CuSm°Ww 2013se [-Imcy _n√nse n¿tZiw Ap-k-cn®v `h CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ Cn SnUn- Fkv (SmIvkv UnU-£≥ A‰v tkmgvkkv) ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcpw. 50 e£w cq]°v apI-fn- ep≈ A∏m¿´vsa‚p-IfpsS CS-]mSv S-Øp-tºmƒ hmßp-∂-h¿ Pq¨ H∂v apX¬ Hcp iX-amw SnUn-Fkv Cu Sm-°n-bn-cn-°-Ww. DZm-l- c-W-Ønv Hcp tImSn cq]- bpsS ^vfm‰v hmßp-tºmƒ 99 e£w cq]-bm-bn-cn°pw `h n¿am-Xm°ƒ°v e`n- °p-∂-Xv. hmßp-∂-bmƒ H cp e£w cq] SnUn-Fkv CuSm°n AXv BZm-b-n- IpXn hIp-∏n¬ AS-®n-cn- °-Ww. CtXmsS 50 e£w cq]°v apI-fn¬ hne-bp≈ A∏m¿´vsa‚p-Iƒ hn¬°p∂ F√m _n¬U¿amcpsSbpw `h- CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ SnUn-Fkv ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcpw. ]en-i-n-c°v h¿[n-®Xp aqew A∏m¿´v sa‚p-I-fpsS hn¬∏ Ipd™ kml-N-cy- Øn-¬ _P-‰n¬ {]Jym-]n-°-s∏´ `h--hm- bv]-bpsS ]en-i°p≈ A[nI nIpXn Cfhv `h n¿amW taJ-e°v Bizm-k- am-Wv. 2013 G{]n¬ H∂nv tijw FSp-°p∂ 25 e£w cq] hsc-bp≈ `h--hm-bv]-I-fpsS ]en-i-bn-t∑¬ Hcp e£w cq] hsc-bp≈ A[nI nIpXn Cfhv {]Jym-]n-®Xv 40 e£w cq]bn¬ Xmsg hne-bp≈ ^vfm‰p-I- fpsS hn¬∏ h¿[n-°p-∂-Xnv hgn-sh-°p- sa∂mWv {]Xo-£. 25-˛40 e£w cq]-bpsS ^vfm‰p-Iƒ n¿an-°p∂ sNdp-InS _n¬U¿ am¿°mWv Cu nIpXn n¿tZ-iw IqSp-X¬ {]tbm-P--s∏-Sp-I. 40 e£w cq]-bn¬ Xmsg hne-bp≈ hoSp- Iƒ hmßp-∂-Xntm n¿an-°p-∂-Xntm FSp- °p∂ `h--hm-bv]-Iƒ°mWv Cu nIpXn Cfhv e`y-am-Ip-∂-Xv. ne-hn¬ cmPyØv hn¬∏--bv°n-cn-°p-∂Xv Bdv e£-tØmfw A∏m¿´vsa‚p-I-fmWv. CXn¬ 40 iX-am- nIpXn Cfhv: ^vfm‰p-I-fpsS hn¬∏ h¿[n-t®°pw Real Estate tØmfw A∏m ¿´vsa‚p-I-fp-w 35 e£w cq]-bn¬ Xmsg- hnebp≈- hbm-Wv. 2012¬ hn ‰p-t]mb A∏m¿ ´vsa‚p-I-fn¬ 42 iX-am- hpw 35 e£w cq]-bn¬ Xmsg- hnebp≈-hbm-bn-cp- ∂p. ]pXnb nIpXn n¿ tZiw ne-hn¬ hcp-∂-tXmsS A[nI nIpXn Cfhn¬ BIr-jvS- cmbn A∏m¿´vsa‚p-Iƒ hmßp-∂-h-cpsS FÆw h¿[n-°m≥ km[y-X-bp-≠v. ne-hn¬ `h--hmbv]bpsS H∂c e£w cq] hsc- bp≈ ]en-ibv°v e`y-am-Ip∂ nIpXn Cf- hnv ]pd-sa-bm-Wv Hcp e£w cq]°p IqSn nIpXn Cfhv e`n-°p-∂-Xv. ]pXnb nIpXn Cfhv IqSn e`n-°p-∂- tXmsS ]pXp-Xmbn `h hmbv] FSp-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v qdv iX-amw ]en-i°pw nIpXn 50 e£w cq]°v apI-fn¬ hne-bp≈ A∏m¿´vsa‚p-Iƒ hmßp∂h¿ SnUn-Fkv CuSm-°pIbpw BZm-bnIpXn hIp-∏nv dnt´¨ ka¿∏n-°p-Ibpw A∏m¿´vsa‚ v hn¬°p-∂-h¿°v SnUn-Fkv k¿´n-^n-°‰v ¬Ip-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°-Ww. Cu nIpXn n¿tZ-i-Øns‚ Imcy-Øn ¬ Cnbpw hy‡X ssIh-cm-p-≠v. 50 e£w cq]°v apI-fn¬ hne hcp∂ ^vfm‰p- Iƒ°v SnUn-Fkv _m[-I-am-°W-sa∂ n ¿tZiw n¿am-W-Øn-en-cn-°p∂ ^vfm‰p- Iƒ°pw ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bmb ^vfm‰p-Iƒ °pw Hcp t]mse _m[-I-am-tWm-sb∂v hy ‡-a-√. A∏m¿´vsa‚p-Iƒ hmßp-∂-h-cn¬ s√mcp ]¶pw CXn-mbn _m¶v hmbv]- sbbmWv B{i-bn-°p-∂-Xv. hmbv]m XpI-bm-Is´ mtem At©m h¿j-Øn-nsS ]e KUp-°-fmbn _m¶v tcn´v _n¬U¿°v ¬ IpI-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. nIpXn n¿tZiw Ap-k-cn®v _m¶v KUp- °ƒ ¬Ip∂ Hmtcm Xh-Wbpw SnUn-Fkv CuSm°p∂Xns‚ DØ- c-hm-ZnØw A∏m¿´vsa‚p-Iƒ hm ßp-∂-h-¿°mbn-cn-°pw. CØcw CS-]m-Sp-I-fn¬ SnUn-Fkv CuSm- °p∂ NpaXe _m¶nv ssIam- dmtam F∂v hy‡-a-√. Cu nIp-Xn-n¿tZiw A∏m¿ ´vsa‚p-Iƒ hmßp-∂-hsc kmt¶-Xn- I-amb qemame-Ifn¬ s]Sp-Øp-∂p- sh∂ hna¿iw Db¿∂n-´p-≠v. Cfhv tSn-sb-Sp-°mw. DZm-l-c-W-Øv 10 iX- amw ]eni nc-°n¬ 20 h¿j-tØ°v 25 e£w cq] hmbv] FSp-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v B Zy-h¿jw ]eni C-Øn-¬ ¬tI≠n hcp∂ XpI 2.48 e£w cq]-bm-Wv. ne-hn ¬ 1.5 e£w cq]-bpsS ]en-i-bv°mWv n IpXn Cfhv e`y-am-Ip-∂-Xv. ]pXnb nIpXn n¿tZiw Ap-k-cn®v _m°n-bp≈ 98,000 cq]°v IqSn nIpXn Cfhv e`y-am-Ipw.
  33. 33. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 33 hn]-Wn-bn¬ sNdp-InS nt£-]-I-cpsS sImgn-®n¬ Ign™ amk-ß-fn-ep-≠mb anUvIm∏v Hml-cn-I-fnse IØ CSnhv CØcw Hml- cn-I-fn¬ KWy-ambn nt£]w S-Ønb sNdp-InS nt£-]-I-cpsS km∂n[yw Hmlcn hn]-Wn-bn¬ Ipd-bp-∂-Xnv Imc- W-am-sb∂v dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ hy‡am-°p-∂p. anUvIm∏v Hml-cn-Iƒ XI¿®sb tcn´ s^{_p-h-cn-bn¬ sNdp-InS nt£-]-Icn¬ n-∂p≈ icm-icn {]Xn-Zn hn‰p-h-chn¬ i‡-amb CSn-hmWv D≠m-b-Xv. s^{_p-h-cn-bnse sNdp-InS nt£-]- I-cn¬ n∂p≈ icm-icn {]Xn-Zn hn‰p-h- chv Pp-h-cn-bp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNøp-tºmƒ 33 iX-am--amWv Ipd-™-Xv. 3885 tImSn cq]- bmWv s^{_p-h-cn-bnse nt£-]-I-cn¬ n ∂p≈ icm-icn {]Xn-Zn hn‰p-h-chv . Pp- h-cn-bn¬ CXv 5818 tImSn cq]-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ign™ h¿jw sk]v‰w-_¿ apX¬ sNdp-InS nt£-]-I-cpsS hn]-Wn-bnse km∂n[yw h¿[n-®p-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kmº- Ign™ c≠v h¿j-Øn-nsS hn]-Wn- aqeyw aq∂v e£w tImSn cq] Ihn-bp∂ BZysØ Iº-n-bmbn tkm^v‰vshb¿ `oa- mb Snkn-Fkv amdn. 3.07 e£w tImSn cq]bpsS hn]-Wn-aq-ey-ap≈ Snkn-F-knv h¿j-ß-fmbn hn]-Wn-bnse º¿ h¨ Iº-n-bmbn XpS-cp∂ dne-b≥kv C‚-kv{So- kn-t-°mƒ 29,000 tImSn cq]-bpsS A[nI aq-ey-amWp-≈-Xv. tkm^v‰vshb¿ n¿amW cwKsØ {][m FXn-cm-fn-bmb C≥t^m- knkns‚ hn]-Wn-aqeyw Snkn-F-kns‚ ]IpXntbmfta hcq˛1.65 e£w tImSn. Sm‰m {Kq∏nse a‰v 27 Iº-n-I-tf-°mƒ IqSp-X- hn]-Wn-aqeyØn¬ Snkn-F-kns‚ IpXn∏v ØnI ]cn-jvI-cW S-]-Sn-Iƒ H∂np ]ndsI H∂mbn {] Jym-]n-°-s∏-´-tXmsS Hmlcn hn]-Wn-bn-ep- ≠mb DW¿hv sNdp- InS nt£-]-Isc B I¿jn-®p. sk]v‰w_¿ apX ¬ Pp-hcn hsc sNdp-InS n t£-]-I-cn¬ n∂p≈ icm-icn {]Xn-Zn hn‰p-h-chn¬ 30 iX-am-- tØmfw h¿[--hp-≠m-bn. F∂m¬ Pp-h- cn-bn¬ hn]Wn aq∂v h¿jsØ Db¿∂ ne-bn-se-Øn-b-Xnp tijw D≠mb Xncp- ج anUvIm∏v Hml-cn-I-fn¬ IØ CSn- hnv hgn-sh-®-tXmsS sNdp-InS nt£-]- I-cpsS IW-°p-Iq-´-ep-I-fmWv XI¿∂-Xv. Ign™ h¿j-Ønse HSp-hn-esØ aq∂v-˛-mev amk-ß-fn¬ sNdp-InS nt£- ]-I-¿ {]tXyI Xm¬∏cyw Im´nb Hml-cn- I - f m W v s^{_p-h cnbnep≠m b XI¿®- bn¬ new s]mØn-b-Xv. C Xv nt£-]-Isc ncm-i-cm-°p-∂-Xn pw hn]-Wn-bn¬ n∂v ]n≥hm-ßp-∂-Xnpw t{]cn- ∏n-®p. sNdp-InS nt£-]-I-cn¬ n∂p≈ icm-icn {]Xn-Zn hn‰p-h-chv Ign™ sk]v‰w-_-dnp apºp≈ ÿnXn- bn-te°v Xncn-®p-t]m-hp-Ibpw sNbvXp. AtX kabw hn]-Wn- ho≠pw Pp-h- cn-bnse Db¿∂ ne-bn-te°v Xncn-sI-sb- Øp-∂-tXmsS sNdp-InS nt£-]-I-cpsS hn]-Wn-bnse km∂n[yw h¿[n-°p-sa-∂ {]Xo-£bmWv Hcp hn`mKw hnZ-Kv[¿ ]¶p- sh-°p-∂-Xv. C‚-kv{So-kns‚ hn]-Wn-aq-ey-Øn¬ D≠m-b h¿[-hv c≠v iX-amw am{X-am-Wv. Hmlcn hn]Wn F°m-e-sØbpw Db¿∂ ne-bn- se-Ønb 2008 Pp-hcn 14v 4.67 e£w tImSn cq]-bm-bn-cp∂p dne-b≥kv C‚-kv{So- kns‚ hn]-Wn-aq-eyw. AXnp tijw dne- b≥kns‚ hn]-Wn-aq-ey-Øn¬ c≠v e£w tImSn cq]-bpsS CSn-hm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. AtX kabw C°m-e-b-f-hn¬ Snkn-F-kns‚ hn]- Wn-aq-ey-Øn¬ c≠v e£w tImSn cq]-bpsS h¿[--bp-≠m-bn. an° hnZ-Kv[cpw Ct∏mƒ sFSn taJ-e-bnse anI® Hml-cn-bmbn Snkn- F-kn-s-bmWv sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂Xv. Snkn- F-kv ne-hn¬ aqey-ta-dnb ne-bn-emWv hym]mcw sNøp-∂-sX-¶nepw anI® hf¿®m km[y-X-bp≈ sFSn Hml-cn-sb∂ ne-bn¬ Snkn-F-knv Ah¿ {]tXyI ]cn-K-W ¬Ip-∂p. am¿®v 25se Hmlcn hne {]Imcw Hcp h¿j-Øn-nsS Snkn-Fkv nt£-]-I¿°v ¬Inb t´w 32.48 iX-am--am-Wv. Hcp amk-Øn-nsS n^v‰n 6.97 iX-amw CSn- ™-t∏mƒ 6.48 iX-amw t´-amWv Snkn- Fkv ¬In-bXv. aq∂v amk-Øn-nsS 22 iX-amw t´hpw ¬In. emWv Snkn-F-kns‚ hn]-Wn-aq-eyw. Snkn-F-knse hntZi nt£-]I ÿm ]--ß-fpsS Hmlcn DS-a-ÿ-X-bn¬ 2012¬ KWy-amb h¿[--hm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. 2012¬ Snkn-F-kns‚ hn]-Wn-aq-ey-Øn¬ 29 iX- amw h¿[-hv D≠m-b-t∏mƒ dne-b≥kv Market Trends
  34. 34. 34 slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 BZm-b-n-IpXn: _P-‰n¬ ]pXnb Cf-hp-Iƒ S∏p kmº-ØnI h¿jw A©v e£w cq] hsc hcp-am--ap-≈-h¿°pw ]pXp-Xmbn `h--hmbv] FSp-°p-∂-h¿°pw A[nI nIpXn Cfhv e`n-°pw. 2013˛14 km-º-ØnI h¿j-Øn-te-°p ≈ _P‰n¬ -n-IpXn …m_p-I-fntem nIp Xn nc-°p-I-fntem [-Im-cy-a{¥n ]n.-Nn- Zw-_cw am‰w hcp-Øn-bn-√. 2005 ap-X¬ XpS- cp∂ BZm-b-n-IpXn nbaw sk£≥ 80 kn Ap-k-cn®p≈ Hcp e£w cq] hsc- bp≈ nIpXn Cfhv ]cn-[n-bnepw am‰-an√. Xs‚ ap≥Ime _P-‰p-I-fn¬ ho-Ir-X-amb nIpXn n¿tZ-i-ß-ƒ sIm≠p-h-∂n-´p≈ NnZw-_cw B Zni-bn¬ ]pXnbn¿tZ-i-߃ sIm≠p-h-cp-sa∂v {]Xo-£n-°-s∏-´n-cp-s∂- ¶nepw nIp-Xn-Zm-b-I¿°v BÀm-Zn-°m≥ Imcy-am-sbm∂pw CØ-hW ¬Inbn√. A©v e£w cq] hsc hcp-am--ap-≈- h¿°v 2000 cq] hsc- nIpXn Cfhv {]Jym- ]n-s®¶nepw ]W-s∏-cp-∏-hp-ambn X´n-In-gn- °p-tºmƒ Cu nIpXn Cfhv Xp—-am-Wv. nIp-Xn-c-lnX hcp-am--Øns‚ ]cn-[nbn¬ am‰w hcp-ØmsX {]tXyI nIpXn Cfhv {]Jym-]n® NnZw-_-c-Øns‚ Dt±iyw hy‡- am-Wv˛ A©v e£w cq] hsc- hcp-am--ap- ≈-h¿°v am{Xta Cu nIpXn Cfhv e`n- °m≥ ]mSp-≈q. Db¿∂ nIpXn …m_n¬ s]´-h¿°v nIpXn Cfhv e`n-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv nIpXn clnX hcp-am--Øn s‚ ]cn[n At±lw Db¿Øm-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. ^e-Øn¬ A©v e£w cq] hsc- hcp-am--ap-≈-h¿°v 2.20 e£w cq] hsc nIp-Xn-bn-√. A©v e£w cq] apX¬ 10 e£w cq] hsc hcp-am--ap-≈-h¿ 20 iX- am-hpw 10 e£w cq]°v apI-fn¬ hcp-am- -ap-≈-h¿°v 30 iX-am-hpw nIp-Xn- F∂ ne-hn-ep≈ nc°pI-fn¬ am‰-an-√. 60 hbkv apX¬ 80 hbkv hsc-bp-≈-h¿°v nIpXn Cfhv e`n-°p∂ hcp-am ]cn[n 2.5 e£-ambn XpS-cpw. 80 hb-knv apI-fn- ep-≈-h¿°v nIpXn Cfhv e`n-°p∂ hcp- am ]cn[n 5 e£-ambpw XpS-cpw. Ch¿ °pw 2000 cq]-bpsS {]tXyI nIpXn Cfhv e`y-am-Ipw. `h--hmbv]bpsS ]enibv°v Hcp e£w cq] A[nI nIpXn Cfhv 25 e£w cq] hsc-bp≈ ]pXnb `h-- hm-bv]-I-fpsS ]en-i-bn-t∑¬ Hcp e£w cq] hsc-bp≈ A[nI nIpXn Cfhv {]Jym- ]n-®Xv nIp-Xn-Zm-b-I¿°v Bizm-k-I-c-am-Wv. BZy-ambn hoSv sh°p-∂-h¿°mWv Cu n¿tZ-i-Øns‚ Bp-Iqeyw e`n-°p-I. S∏p kmº-ØnI h¿jw Ap-h-Zn-°-s∏- Sp∂ hmbv]-Iƒ°v e`n-°p∂ Cu nIpXn Bp-Iqeyw e`y-am-I-W-sa-¶n¬ hoSns‚ aqeyw 40 e£w cq]bn¬ Xmsg-bm-bn-cn-°- Ww. Hcp e£w cq]-bpsS ]en-i-bn-t∑- ep≈ nIpXn Cfhv ]q¿W-ambpw tSm- m-bn-s√-¶n¬ ASpØ kmº-ØnI h¿jw _m°nXpI-bv°p≈ nIpXn Cfhv tSnsb- Sp-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. ne-hn¬ H∂c e£w cq] hsc-bp≈ `h--hmbv]m ]en-ibv°v e`y-am-Ip∂ nIpXn Cf-hnv ]pd-sa-bm-Wn-Xv. ta¬∏- d™ n_-‘--Iƒ°v hnt[-b-ambn Hcp e£w cq]bpsS ]en-i°v A[nI Cfhv e`n-°p-∂-h¿°v ne-hn-ep≈ nIpXn Cfhv IqSn Dƒs∏-Sp-Øp-tºmƒ S∏p kmº-ØnI h¿jw c≠c e£w cq]-bpsS ]en-i-bn-t∑-emWv nIpXn Cfhv e`y-am- Ip-∂-Xv. cmPo-hvKm‘n CIzn‰n tkhnwKvkv kvIow: nt£] ]cn[n Db¿Øn Hml-cn-I-fnepw ayqNz¬ ^≠p-I-fnepw BZy-ambn nt£-]n-°p-∂-h¿°v nIpXn Cfhv e`y-am-°p∂ cmPo-hvKm‘n CIzn‰n tkhnwKvkv kvIow Db¿∂ SmIvkv …m _n¬ s]Sp-∂-h¿°pw Cn {]tbm-P--s∏- Sp-Ømw. 12 e£w cq] hsc hcp-am--ap≈- h¿°v Cu kvIoanp Iogn-em-bp≈ nt£- ]-Ønv nIpXn Cfhv tSm-sa-∂mWv ]p Xnb n¿tZ-iw. Ign™ kmº-ØnI h¿ jw ne-hn¬ h∂ Cu ]≤-Xn°p Iogn¬ 10 e£w cq] hsc hm¿jnI hcp-amap≈- h¿°v am{Xta nIpXn Cfhv ¬In-bn-cp- ∂p≈q. Cu ]cn-[n-bmWv 12 e£-ambn h¿ [n-∏n--®-Xv. 50,000 cq] hscbmWv Cu ]≤- Xn°p Iogn-embn nt£-]n-°mhp∂Xv. nt£-]-Øns‚ 50 iX-amamWv nIp-Xn- C-fhp≈ nt£-]-ambn ]cn-K-Wn-°pI. 10 e£w cq] apX¬ 12 e£w cq] hsc hm ¿jnI hcp-am--ap-≈-h¿°v Cu kvIoan¬ nt£-]n-°p-tºmƒ ]c-am-h[n 7,500 cq] nIp-Xn-bn--Øn¬ em`n-°mw. Cu kvIow {]Imcw aq∂v h¿jw n IpXn Cfhv tSn-sb-Sp°mw F∂pw n¿tZ- i-ap-≠v. Hcp h¿jw am{Xta nIpXn Cfhv e`y-am-Iq-sh∂ ne-hn-ep≈ n_-‘--bn- emWv am‰w hcp-Øn-b-Xv. Tax Hml-cn-I-fn¬ BZy-ambn nt£-]n-°p-∂-h¿°v nIpXn Cfhv e`y-am-°p∂ cmPo-hvKm‘n CIzn‰n tkhnwKvkv kvIow Db¿∂ SmIvkv …m_n¬ s]Sp-∂- h¿°pw Cn {]tbm-P-- s∏-Sp-Ømw. 12 e£w cq] hsc hcp-am--ap-≈-h¿°v Cu kvIoanp Iogn-em-bp ≈ nt£-]-Ønv nIpXn Cfhv tSmw.
  35. 35. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013 35 ]W-s∏-cp-∏-Øn¬ nt£]aqeyw tNmcm-Xn-cn-°m≥ ]pXnb ]≤Xn ]W-s∏-cp∏ nc-°n-t-°mƒ Db¿∂ t´w Dd-∏p-¬Ip∂ C≥^vtf-j≥ C≥UIvkvUv t_m≠p-Iƒ C¥y-bnse nt£-]-I¿°v ap∂n-se-Øp∂ ]pXnb nt£]am¿Kw B-bn-cn-°pw. Km¿lnI kºmZyw IpØs Ipd-™p- h-cp∂ kml-N-cy-sØbmWv C¥y tcn-Sp- ∂-Xv. Km¿lnI kºmZysØ t{]m’m-ln- ∏n-°p∂ nt£] ]≤-Xn-Iƒ {]Jym-]n- °m≥ k¿°m¿ {]tXyI Xm¬∏cyw Imt´- ≠-Xp-≠v. F∂m¬ _P-‰n¬ B Zni-bn¬ Imcy-amb n¿tZ-i-ß-sfm∂pw D≠m-bn-√. ]W-s∏-cp-∏- nc-°n-t-°mƒ Db¿∂ t´w e`n-°p∂ C≥^vtf-j≥ C≥UIvkvUv t_m≠p-Iƒ ]pd-Øn-d-°p-sa∂ {]Jym-]w am{X-amWv hyXy-kvX-am-b-Xv. Db¿∂ ]W-s∏-cp∏ nc°v IW-°m-°p- tºmƒ ]c-º-cm-KX nt£] am¿K-ß-fn¬ n∂p≈ t´w H´pw BI¿j-Wo-b-a-√. Cu kml-Ncyw c≠v Xc-Øn-emWv nt£-], kºmZy ioe-ßsf kzm[o-n-°p-∂-Xv. H∂v, C¥y-°m¿°v nt£]coXn F∂-Xn-ep-]-cn- bmbn a-im-kv{X-]-c-ambn B`n-ap-Jy-ap≈ kz¿W-Øn¬ IqSp-X-embn nt£]w S- Øm≥ t{]cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. Ign™ A©p h¿j-Øn-nsS kz¿Ww CXc nt£] am¿ K-ß-tf-°mƒ hfsc anI® t´w ¬In-bXv Cu t{]c-W°v B°w Iq´p-∂p. c≠v, bphm- °-fnepw a‰pw kºmZn°p-∂-Xn-t-°mƒ sNe-hm-°m-p≈ t{]cW h¿[n-°p-∂p. ]cn- an-X-amb t´w nt£-]-tØm-Sp≈ Xm¬∏ cyw ]cn-an-X-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw D]-t`m-K-Øn- ep≈ Xm¬∏cyw h¿[n-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp- ∂p. Cu c≠v coXn-Ifpw C¥y≥ kºZvhyh- ÿbv°v tZmj-I-c-am-Wv. kz¿W D]-t`mKw h¿[n-°p-∂Xv kz¿W Cd-°p-aXn h¿[n°p ∂-Xnpw AXphgn Id‚ v A°u≠v IΩn (C-¥y-bn-te°v Cd-°p-aXn sNøp∂ km[- -ß-fp-sSbpw tkh--ß-fp-sSbpw aqeyhpw Ib‰p-aXn sNøp∂ km[--ß-fp-sSbpw tkh- -ß-fp-sSbpw aqeyhpw XΩn-ep≈ A¥-cw) IqSp-∂-Xnpw hgn-sh-°p- ∂p. Km¿lnI kºmZyw Ipd- bp-∂Xv D]-t`mKw i‡- am-Ip-∂-Xnv Imc-W-am- Ip-sa-∂n-cns° AXv ]W-s∏-cp-∏sØ Xz cn-X-s∏-Sp∂ LSI- ambn XpS-cpw. Cu kml-N- cy-Øn-emWv Investment Avenues ]W-s∏-cp∏ nc-°n-t-°mƒ Db¿∂ t´w Dd-∏p-n¬Ip∂ C≥^vtf-j≥ C≥UIvkvUv t_m≠p-Iƒ ]pd-Øn-d-°m-p≈ o°w. _P‰v {]Jym-]--Øn¬ Xs∂ kz¿W-tØm- Sp≈ A`n-n-thiw Ipd-bv°pI F∂ e£y- tØm-sS-bmWv Cu ]pXnb nt£] ]≤Xn Bcw-`n-°p-∂-sX∂v NnZw-_cw hy‡-am-°n- bn-cp-∂p. Zo¿L-amb nt£] Ime-b-f- hp≈ IS-∏-{X-ß-fm-b C≥^vtf- j≥ C≥UIvkvUv t_m≠p- Iƒ ne-hn-ep≈ t_m ≠p-I-fn¬ n∂v hy Xy-kvX-amb co Xn-bn-em-bn- cn°pw nt£- ]-I¿°v t ´w ¬Ip-∂-Xv. D Zm-l-c-W-Ønv 100 cq] apJ-hn-ebpw aq∂v iX-amw Iq∏¨ nc-°p-ap≈ Hcp t_m ≠ns‚ apJhne ]W-s∏-cp∏ nc°v 10 iX-amambn h¿[n-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ 110 cq]-bmbn h¿[n-°pw. Iq∏¨n-c°v 3.3 iX-am-ambpw h¿[n-°pw. nt£-]-Is‚ aqe-[-hpw ]en-ibpw ]W-s∏-cp∏ nc-°n v Ap-k-cn®v h¿[n-°pI-bmWv sNøp-∂- Xv. AtX kabw CØcw nt£] ]≤-Xn- Iƒ F{X-tØmfw hnP-bn°psa-∂Xv kw_- ‘n®v kwi-b-߃ ne-n¬°p-∂p-≠v. ]W- s∏-cp∏ nc-°n¬ Imcy-amb hyXn-bmw kw`-hn-°mØ hnI-knX cmPy-ß-fn¬ C≥ ^vtf-j≥ C≥UIvkvUv t_m≠p-Iƒ°v kzoIm-cy-X-bp-s≠¶nepw ]W-s∏-cp∏ nc- °n¬ i‡-amb hyXn-bm--߃ kw`-hn-°p ∂ hnI-kzc cmPy-ß-fn¬ Xmc-X-tay Cu D¬∏-∂-߃°v {]Nmcw Ipd-hm-Wv. {_ko- epw Z£n-Wm-{^n-°bpw am{X-amWv CØcw nt£] ]≤-Xn-Iƒ ne-hn-en-ep≈ hnI- kzc cmPy-߃. kpc-£n-X-am-sW-¶nepw t_m≠p-Iƒ t]mep≈ nt£] ]≤-Xn-I-fn¬ sNdp-InS 100 cq] apJ-hn-ebpw aq∂v iX-amw Iq∏¨ nc-°p- ap≈ Hcp t_m≠ns‚ apJ hne ]W-s∏-cp∏ nc°v 10 iX-amambn h¿[n-°p-I-bm- sW-¶n¬ 110 cq]-bmbpw Iq ∏¨ n-c°v 3.3 iX-am- ambpw h¿[n-°pw. aqe-[ hpw ]en-ibpw ]W-s∏-cp∏ nc-°nv Ap-k-cn®v h¿[n- °pI-bmWv sNøp-I. nt£-]-I-cpsS ]¶m- fnØw Xmc-X-tay Ipd-hm- sW-∂Xpw Cu nt£] ]≤-Xn- bpsS hnPbsØ Ipdn-®p≈ kwi-b- ߃°v _ew ]I-cp-∂p. C¥y≥ kml-N- cy-Ønv Ap-tbm-Py-amb coXn-bn¬ Cu nt£] ]≤-Xn-°v cq]w ¬Ip-I-bm-sW- ¶n¬ t]mepw kz¿W-tØm-Sp≈ A`n-n- thiw Ipd-bv°pI F∂ e£yw nd-th- ‰pIbpw sNdp-InS nt£--]I-cpsS n t£] Xm¬∏-cy-ßsf am‰n-sb-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøpI F∂Xv Xo¿Øpw {ia-I-c-amb Zu- XyamWv. slUvPv Hmlcn G{]n¬ 2013