These principles are GUIDELINES to design *Just like there are guidelines to blowing your nose correctly: Grab a tissue, blow your nose, and then wash your hands.
*FYI: Interior Design books have anywhere from 5-10 principles, depending on the author. These are the 5 we will focus on in class.
Formal Balance- Definition
One side is a mirror image of the other side
Objects on each side of the central dividing line are different.
Understanding Informal Balance
More exciting and dramatic
Can be achieved through placement, shapes, colors, sizes, and other aspects of objects
Proportion is the relationship between objects, or parts, of a whole.
The ratio of one part to the whole
Elements seem to be an appropriate size for the space they fill- things just look ‘right’ Example: We judge the appropriateness of the size of objects by measure. For example, a sofa in the form of a hand is startling because the hand is larger than the expected proportion, and it becomes the center of attention in the room.
Unequal amounts are more pleasing to the eye than equal amounts
The proportions of a private home are usually in scale with human measure, and as a result it appears more friendly, comfortable, less intimidating.
Proportion- Tips Imagine: Ice Cream Sandwich bench at an ice cream shop. In proportion or out? Would this be a good or a bad idea?
Emphasis creates a center of interest
Also referred to as a ‘Focal Point’
What is the emphasis of this picture?
Emphasis of an object can be increased by: making the object larger, more detailed, or by placing it in the foreground
Rhythm- 5 Types
Occurs when a design element is repeated
When lines meet to form a right angle
Example: Checks and plaid
A change taking place through a series of stages
Light to Dark Thin to Thick Small to Large
Lines flow out from a single point
Curved lines carry the eye .
Harmony is achieved when Unity and Variety are effectively combined.
The design is seen as “whole”.
Unity can be achieved through matching and coordinating
How does this design show unity?
Variety can relieve monotony by giving the eye a number of different details to look at.