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  • 1. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Table of keyboard shortcuts From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a sequence or combination of keystrokes on a computer keyboard which invokes commands in software. Some keyboard shortcuts require the user to press a single key or a sequence of keys one after the other. Other keyboard shortcuts require pressing and holding several keys simultaneously. Keyboard shortcuts may depend on the keyboard layout (localisation). Contents 1 Comparison of keyboard shortcuts 1.1 General shortcuts 1.1.1 Navigation 1.1.2 Power management 1.1.3 Screenshots 1.2 Text editing 1.2.1 Text formatting 1.3 Browsers / Go menu 1.3.1 Web browsers 1.3.2 Tab management 1.4 Window management 1.5 User interface navigation (widgets and controls) 1.6 Command line shortcuts 1.7 Accessibility 2 User interface shortcuts 3 See also 4 Notes 5 External links Comparison of keyboard shortcuts Main article: Keyboard shortcut Keyboard shortcuts are a common aspect of most modern operating systems and associated software applications. Their use is pervasive enough that some users consider them an essential element of their routine interactions with a computer. Whether used as a matter of personal preference or for Adaptive technology, the pervasiveness of common conventions enables the comparison of keyboard shortcuts across different systems. The following sections detail some of these comparisons in widely used operating systems. General shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs Activate current Alt With full keyboard Meta + `1 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 2. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs [1][2] access active: applications Ctrl + F2 (or Menu bar Fn + Ctrl + F2 on some keyboards) File menu Alt + F Ctrl + F2 , then F Alt + F Meta + ` , then f Edit menu Alt + E Ctrl + F2 , then E Alt + E Meta + ` , then e View menu Alt + V Ctrl + F2 , then V Alt + V Ctrl + x , then u Undo the last or Ctrl + / Ctrl + Z ⌘ Cmd + Z Ctrl + Z operation or Ctrl + _ or Undo Same as undo, when undo is exhausted, it Redo the last redoes. Move the Ctrl + Y ⇧ Shift + ⌘ Cmd + Z ⇧ Shift + Ctrl + Z operation cursor after one or more undos, and further undos will be redos. Cut the selected Ctrl + X or area and store it ⌘ Cmd + X Ctrl + X Ctrl + w ⇧ Shift + Del in the clipboard Copy the selected area Ctrl + C , or Meta + w , or ⌘ Cmd + C Ctrl + C into the Ctrl + Ins Ctrl + Ins clipboard Paste contents Ctrl + V , or Ctrl + y , or of clipboard at ⌘ Cmd + V Ctrl + V ⇧ Shift + Ins ⇧ Shift + Ins , or cursor Paste special Ctrl + Alt + V Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + V Meta + y Select everything in Ctrl + A ⌘ Cmd + A Ctrl + A Ctrl + x , then h focused control or window ⌘ Cmd + Space Ctrl + Alt + K via Configure desired Toggle among KDE Keyboard keypress in installed Layout Switcher ⇧ Shift + Alt Keyboard and Ctrl + keyboard Mouse keybinding languages Preferences, component for Keyboard KDE Shortcuts, Select2 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 3. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs the next source in [3] Input menu. Navigation Action Windows ⊞ Win , enter executable name or Run new application ⊞ Win + R , enter executable name Open new browser window with same page Alt +( D then ↵ Enter ) as current Make new folder Ctrl + ⇧ Shift +( N ⊞ Win or Applications menu Ctrl + Esc Lock desktop ⊞ Win + L ⊞ Win + D or Show desktop ⊞ Win + M (then use ⊞ Win + ⇧ Shift + M to bring back all windows) Switch active user [4] ⊞ Win + L Task manager [5] Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + Esc , Ctrl + Alt + Delete Rename object F2 Open file or program ↵ Enter Alt + Tab ⇆ / Switch to next/previous focused window ⇧ Shift + Alt + Tab ⇆ Alt + Esc / Switch focus to the next/previous window (without dialog) ⇧ Shift + Alt + Esc Open the Run dialog box ⊞ Win + R ⊞ Win , enter executable name or Open the Search dialog box ⊞ Win + F Change input orientation of "Search Ctrl + L (left) Ctrl + R (right) Ctrl + E (center) programs and files" field in Start Menu Power management Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME3 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 4. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Sleep (available on Sleep (available on Place computer into some keyboards, [2] ⌥ Opt + ⌘ Cmd + Eject some keyboards, sleep/standby mode configurable in Power configurable) Options dialog) Ctrl + ⌥ Opt + ⌘ Cmd + Eject + Alt + ⇧ Shift + PageDown Ctrl (no confirmation, (KDE; no confirmation, Shutdown computer shutdown is shutdown is immediate) immediate) [2] Ctrl + Alt + ⇧ Shift + PageUp Ctrl + ⌘ Cmd + Eject Restart computer (no confirmation, (KDE; no confirmation, restart is immediate) restart is immediate) Place display in Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + Eject sleep mode Bring up Alt + F4 (while on power/sleep dialog Ctrl + Eject Desktop only) box Screenshots Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Save screenshot of ⇧ Shift + ⌘ Cmd + 3 Print Screen entire screen as file Copy screenshot of Print Screen or entire screen to Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + ⌘ Cmd + 3 Ctrl + Print Screen clipboard Save screenshot of ⇧ Shift + ⌘ Cmd + 4 Alt + Print Screen window as file then Space (GNOME) Copy screenshot of Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + ⌘ Cmd + 4 Alt + Print Screen window to clipboard then Space Copy screenshot of arbitrary area to Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + ⌘ Cmd + 4 clipboard Save screenshot of ⇧ Shift + ⌘ Cmd + 4 arbitrary area as file Text editing Many of these commands may be combined with ⇧ Shift to select a region of text.[6]4 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 5. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs Delete char to Del or the right of Del Del Del , or Ctrl + d Fn + ← Backspace cursor Delete word to ⌥ Opt + Del or the right of Ctrl + Del ⌥ Opt + Ctrl + Del Meta + d cursor Fn + ← Backspace Delete word to Ctrl + ← Backspace , the left of Ctrl + ← Backspace ⌥ Opt + ← Backspace Ctrl + ← Backspace or cursor Meta + ← Backspace Go to start of ⌘ Cmd + ← or Home Home Ctrl + a , or Home line Ctrl + A ⌘ Cmd + → or Go to end of line End End Ctrl + e , or End Ctrl + E Go to start of Meta + < , or Ctrl + Home ⌘ Cmd + ↑ Ctrl + Home document Ctrl + Home Go to end of Meta + > , or Ctrl + End ⌘ Cmd + ↓ Ctrl + End document Ctrl + End Meta + b , or Go to previous Ctrl + ← ⌥ Opt + ← Ctrl + ← Ctrl + ← , or word Meta + ← Meta + f , or Go to next word Ctrl + → ⌥ Opt + → Ctrl + → Ctrl + → , or Meta + → Go to previous ↑ ↑ ↑ Ctrl + p , or ↑ line Go to next line ↓ ↓ ↓ Ctrl + n , or ↓ Go to previous Ctrl + ↑ (kword Meta + { , or line break Ctrl + ↑ ⌥ Opt + ↑ or GNOME) Control + ↑ (paragraph) Go to next line Ctrl + ↓ (kword Meta + } , or Ctrl + ↓ ⌥ Opt + ↓ break or GNOME) Control + ↓ Ctrl + F ⌘ Cmd + F Ctrl + K ⌘ Cmd + E Go to find Ctrl + F (GNOME; Ctrl + s (Search with interactive current selection) search) Go to next Ctrl + G F3 ⌘ Cmd + G Ctrl + s search result (GNOME) Go to previous ⇧ Shift + Ctrl + G ⇧ Shift + F3 ⇧ Shift + ⌘ Cmd + G Ctrl + r search result (GNOME) Search and Ctrl + H Ctrl + H ⌘ Cmd + F Meta + % replace (GNOME)5 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 6. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs Search a regular Ctrl + Meta + s expression Search and replace a Ctrl + Meta + % , regular expression Text formatting Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs Make selected text Ctrl + B ⌘ Cmd + B Ctrl + B bold/regular Toggle underlining of Ctrl + U ⌘ Cmd + U Ctrl + U selected text Make selected text Ctrl + I ⌘ Cmd + I Ctrl + I italic/regular Meta + u for upper, Change to ⇧ Shift + F3 upper/lower (Office products ⌥ Opt + ⌘ Cmd + C Meta + l for case only?) lower, Meta + c for capitalized. Make selected Ctrl + ⌘ Cmd + + Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + + text superscript (Pages only?) Make selected Ctrl + ⌘ Cmd + - Ctrl + + text subscript (Pages only?) Browsers / Go menu Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Alt + D or Alt + C Go to Browser ⌘ Cmd + L according language Go to the previous ⌘ Cmd + [ or Alt + ← or ← Backspace Alt + ← location in history ⌘ Cmd + ← Go to the next Alt + → or ⌘ Cmd + ] or ⇧ Shift + ← Backspace Alt + → location in history ⌘ Cmd + →6 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 7. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME (web browser only) Alt + ↑ (Vista and 7 Go up one level in only) or the navigation ⌘ Cmd + ↑ Alt + ↑ ← Backspace (Windows hierarchy Explorer) Go to the starting Ctrl + Home (KDE) / page defined by the Alt + Home ⌘ Cmd + Home Alt + Home (GNOME) user or application Web browsers Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs-w3m Bookmarks ⌘ Cmd + B Ctrl + B Alt + B v menu (Firefox) ⌘ Cmd + ↵ Enter URL Shortcuts (Firefox) or (Adds www. + Ctrl + ↵ Enter Ctrl + ↵ Enter Control + ↵ Enter .com) (Chrome) URL Shortcuts ⇧ Shift + ⌘ Cmd + ↵ Enter (Adds www. + Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + ↵ Enter Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + ↵ Enter (Firefox) .org) URL Shortcuts ⇧ Shift + ↵ Enter (Adds www. + ⇧ Shift + ↵ Enter ⇧ Shift + ↵ Enter (Firefox) .net) Ctrl + B / Add bookmark Ctrl + D ⌘ Cmd + D a for current page Ctrl + D Add bookmark Meta + a for current link ⌘ Cmd + ⌥ Opt + B (Chrome/Safari) Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + R / Manage or Ctrl + B bookmarks Ctrl + B ⌘ Cmd + ⇧ Shift + B (Firefox) ⌘ Cmd + E (Opera) or Web search Ctrl + E ⌘ Cmd + K (Firefox) or7 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 8. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs-w3m ⌥ Opt + ⌘ Cmd + F (Safari) Focus and select Ctrl + L or F6 or ⌘ Cmd + L Ctrl + L or F6 g address bar Alt + D Refresh a F5 or Ctrl + R ⌘ Cmd + R F5 or Ctrl + R R webpage Open a new ⌘ Cmd + N Ctrl + N Ctrl + N window (Chrome) Zoom Options Ctrl + + and ⌘ Cmd + + and Ctrl + + and (zoom in +, Ctrl + - and ⌘ Cmd + - and Ctrl + - and zoom out -, Ctrl + 0 ⌘ Cmd + 0 Ctrl + 0 zoom 100%) Tab management Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs-w3m Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + N or Ctrl + c , then Create a new tab Ctrl + T ⌘ Cmd + T Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + T Ctrl + t or Ctrl + T Ctrl + W or Close current Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + W Ctrl + c , then Ctrl + W ⌘ Cmd + W tab or Ctrl + F4 Ctrl + w (GNOME?) Close all tabs Ctrl + c , then but the current Meta + w one ⌘ Cmd + } or Ctrl + PageDown Ctrl + c , then Go to next tab Ctrl + Tab ⇆ ⌘ Cmd + ⇧ Shift + → or Ctrl + Tab ⇆ or Ctrl + n (Safari) Ctrl + . ⌘ Cmd + { or Ctrl + PageUp or Go to previous Ctrl + c , then Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + Tab ⇆⌘ Cmd + ⇧ Shift + ← Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + Tab ⇆ tab Ctrl + p (Safari) or Ctrl + , Open a ⌘ Cmd + ⇧ Shift + T previously Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + T (Firefox/Opera closed tab /Chrome) Window management Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME Emacs8 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 9. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME Emacs Pop up Ctrl + ` , then Alt + Space Alt + F3 Alt + Space window menu b Alt + F4 or Close the Ctrl + F4 or Ctrl + x , then focused Ctrl + W or ⌘ Cmd + W Alt + F4 Alt + F4 k window Alt + Space [7] then C Ctrl + x , then Restore the r , then j , focused Alt + Space [7] Alt + F5 then letter of window to its then R the window previous size state register. Alt +Mouse / Alt +Mouse / Move the Alt + Space Alt + F3 then focused then M [7] then M then Alt + F7 then window Arrow Keys Arrow Keys Arrow Keys Resize the Alt + Space Alt + F3 then Alt + F8 then Ctrl + x , then focused then S [7] then S then Arrow Keys ^ vertically window Arrow Keys Arrow Keys Hide the Meta + x , then focused ⌘ Cmd + H bury-buffer window RET, then Ret Alt + Space then N [7], or Minimize the ⊞ Win + ↓ Meta + x , then Alt + F3 then focused (Windows 7 ⌘ Cmd + M Alt + F9 bury-buffer N window and Vista RET, then Ret Home Premium) Alt + Space Maximize the then X [7], or Alt + F3 then Ctrl + x , then focused ⊞ Win + ↑ Alt + F10 X 1 window (Windows 7 only) Maximize Available, but Available, but horizontally no default no default ⊞ Win + ⇧ Shift + ↑ Maximize Available, but Available, but (Windows 7 vertically no default no default only) ⊞ Win + M or Available, but Minimize all ⌘ Cmd + Alt + M Ctrl + Alt + D ⊞ Win + D no default Minimize all ⊞ Win + Home Available, but non focused (Windows 7 no default9 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 10. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME Emacs windows only) Undo Available, but ⇧ Shift + ⊞ Win + M Ctrl + Alt + D minimize all no default Switch fullscreen/normal F11 F11 F11 size Show the window in full screen mode, with Depends on Ctrl + ⇧ Shift + F Ctrl + F11 no border, application menubar, toolbar or statusbar Rollup/down Available, but Alt + F12 window no default F9 or Move mouse Show all pointer to Ctrl + x , then open configured hot Ctrl + b windows corner or active screen [8][9] corner F10 or Move mouse Show all pointer to windows of Ctrl + x , then configured hot current corner or Ctrl + b application active screen [8][9] corner F8 or Move mouse pointer to Show all configured hot workspaces corner or active screen [8][9] corner Move window Ctrl + Alt + ⇧ Shift + ⊞ Win + ← / → to left/right (Windows 7 ← / → / ↑ / /up/down only) ↓ workspace10 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 11. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME Emacs Move window Available, but to workspace no default n Switch to next/previous Available, but workspace no default list Go to Ctrl + n Ctrl + Fn workspace n Ctrl + ← / Go to Ctrl + Alt + ← / Ctrl + → / left/right [10] Ctrl + ↑ / /up/down → / ↑ / ↓ Ctrl + ↓ (OS X workspace 10.5 or later) F11 or Move mouse pointer to Ctrl + Alt + D Show / hide ⊞ Win + D configured hot Ctrl + Alt + D user specific, desktop corner or no default active screen [8][9] corner Activate window demanding attention Quit Alt + F4 or application of [12] Ctrl + F4 ⌘ Cmd + Q Ctrl + Alt + Esc q current [11] varies window Close dialog Esc Esc ⊞ Win + (#) where "#" is Open/Focus the position of (preview) the program pinned on the program on Windows 7 the taskbar Taskbar (Windows 7 only) Open new ⊞ Win + (#) program where "#" is window of the position of pinned the program11 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 12. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME Emacs on the Quick program in Launch toolbar Quick Launch (Windows Vista and 7) Open new ⊞ Win + ⇧ Shift + (#) program where "#" is window of the position of the pinned the program program on on the the taskbar Windows 7 (if program is Taskbar already (Windows 7 opened) only) ⊞ Win + T , Focus the you can ← → first taskbar back and forth. entry. Hold ⇧ Shift to Pressing cycle again will backwards cycle through (Windows 7 them only) F11 or Move mouse ⊞ Win + Space pointer to Peek at the (Windows 7 configured hot desktop corner or only) active screen [8][9] corner Bring ⊞ Win + G gadgets to (Windows the front of Vista,7) or the Z-order ⊞ Win + Space and cycle (Vista only, no between cycling) gadgets External display ⊞ Win + P options (Windows 7 (mirror, only) extend desktop, etc.) User interface navigation (widgets and controls)12 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 13. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME Tab ⇆ / Moves keyboard ⇧ Shift + Tab ⇆ focus to Tab ⇆ / Tab ⇆ / Tab ⇆ / next/previous ⇧ Shift + Tab ⇆ ⇧ Shift + Tab ⇆ ⇧ Shift + Tab ⇆ Ctrl + Tab ⇆ / control ⇧ Shift + Ctrl + Tab ⇆ Pop up tooltip for currently ⇧ Shift + F1 Ctrl + F1 focused control Show context- sensitive help for currently ⇧ Shift + F1 ⌘ Cmd + ? ⇧ Shift + F1 ⇧ Shift + F1 focused window or control Give focus to Ctrl + F6 / next/previous ⌘ Cmd + ` F6 / ⇧ Shift + F6 Alt + F6 pane Give focus to splitter bar in F8 paned window Ctrl + F2 Give focus to (or Fn + Ctrl + F2 windows menu F10 or Alt Alt F10 on some bar keyboards) Varies with laptop / extended keyboard type; Pop up enable Mouse contextual menu keys in Universal for currently ⇧ Shift + F10 or Access, then ≣ Menu ⇧ Shift + F10 selected objects ≣ Menu Function + Ctrl +5 (aka context or Ctrl +5 menu) (numeric keypad) or Function + Ctrl +i (laptop) Toggle selected state of focused checkbox, radio Space Space Space Space button, or toggle button Activate focused Space (also button, menu ↵ Enter ↵ Enter for menu ↵ Enter ↵ Enter item etc. items)13 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 14. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME Select/move to first/last item in Home / End Home / End selected widget ⇞ / ⇟ Scroll selected PageUp / (or view by one Ctrl + PageUp / Fn + ↑ }+ Fn + ↓ page up/left PageDown / on some /down/right Ctrl + PageDown keyboards) ↖ or on MacBook Pro Fn + ⌥ Opt Scroll selected + ↖ view to ↘ or on MacBook top/bottom Pro Fn + ⌥ Opt + ↘ Switch focus to the Ctrl + Tab ⇆ / next/previous Ctrl + Tab ⇆ ⌘ Cmd + ` tab within a window Switch focus to the Ctrl + Alt + Tab ⇆ / next/previous ⇧ Shift + Ctrl + Alt + panel on the desktop Switch focus to the Ctrl + Alt + Esc / next/previous ⇧ Shift + Ctrl + Alt + panel (without dialog) Command line shortcuts Below is a list of common keyboard shortcuts that are used in a command line environment. Microsoft Microsoft Unix/Linux/Mac Unix/Linux/Mac Windows Action Windows OS X OS X (Windows (cmd.exe) (bash) (POSIX shell) PowerShell) Scroll through ↑ / ↓ or History of typed ↑/↓ ↑/↓ ESC K / ESC J Ctrl + P / Ctrl + N commands14 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 15. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Signal Ctrl + Z Ctrl + D end-of-file Abort current Ctrl + C Ctrl + C Ctrl + C Ctrl + C command/typing Erase word to Ctrl + W the left Erase word to Alt + D the right Erase line to the Ctrl + Home Ctrl + U left Erase line to the Ctrl + End Ctrl + End Ctrl + K right Yank/paste previously Ctrl + Y erased string Move one word to the left Ctrl + ← Ctrl + ← Alt + B (backward) Move one word to the right Ctrl + → Ctrl + → Alt + F (forward) Move to beginning of Home Home Ctrl + A line Move to end of End End Ctrl + E line Reverse search F7 F8 Ctrl + R of history Stop execution of the current Ctrl + Z job Insert the next character typed Ctrl + V verbatim Tab ⇆ (enabled by Autocomplete default in Tab ⇆ (usually Esc (usually command/file Tab ⇆ Windows XP and once) twice) name later) ⇧ Shift + PageUp Scroll window (may not work in ⇧ Shift + PageUp up some versions of Windows XP) ⇧ Shift + PageDown Scroll window (may not work in ⇧ Shift + PageDown down some versions of15 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 16. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Windows XP) Accessibility In Windows, it is possible to disable these shortcuts using the Accessibility or Ease of Access control panel. Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME Utility Manager ⊞ Win + U Use keyboard to ( Left Alt + Left Shift + Numlock control cursor Allow user to press shortcuts ( ⇧ Shift 5 times) one key at a time Hear beep when ( Numlock for 5 -lock key seconds) pressed Stop/slow repeating ( Right Shift for 8 characters when seconds) key is pressed Inverse (Reverse Left Alt + Left Shift + ⌘ Cmd + ⌥ Opt + Ctrl + 8 PrtScn Colors) Mode User interface shortcuts Below is a list of common keyboard shortcuts that are used to select a User interface (UI). Linux Action Microsoft Windows OS X X11 Ctrl + Alt + F1 to CLI Ctrl + Alt + F6 Usually Ctrl + Alt + F7 GUI or Ctrl + Alt + F8 GPU enhanced GUI See also Common User Access Computer keyboard Human interface guidelines Keyboard shortcut16 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 17. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Pointing device gesture Notes 1. ^ "Mac OS X: How to use the keyboard to perform actions" (http://support.apple.com/kb/HT2840) . Article: HT2840. Apple Inc.. 2008-08-19. http://support.apple.com/kb/HT2840. Retrieved 2010-11-03. 2. ^ a b c "Mac OS X keyboard shortcuts" (http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343) . Article: HT1343. Apple Inc.. 2010-10-29. http://support.apple.com/kb/ht1343. Retrieved 2010-11-03. 3. ^ "Mac 101: Set your preferences" (http://support.apple.com/kb/HT2490#l4) . Article: HT2490. Apple Inc.. 2010-10-22. http://support.apple.com/kb/HT2490#l4. Retrieved 2010-11-03. 4. ^ Takes you to the "Switch User" screen when Fast User Switching has been enabled (enabled by default in XP). 5. ^ Shows task manager in Windows XP if the welcome screen is enabled. Otherwise displays an NT-style menu, with the option of launching the task manager; likewise for Vista. 6. ^ For the concept of "selected text" see also X Window selection 7. ^ a b c d e f In Microsoft Windows, all shortcuts with Alt + Space followed by another key are language dependant. The Alt + Space combination opens the window menu, and the following key selects from the menu. As the menu labels (and their underlined hotkeys) vary with the Windows system language, the hotkeys are different for international versions of Microsoft Windows, and may change if users change their Windows system language preference. The given examples are valid for English user preferences/version of Windows. 8. ^ a b c d e "Mac OS X 10.6 Help: Using a screen saver" (http://docs.info.apple.com /article.html?path=Mac/10.6/en/9045.html) . Docs.info.apple.com. http://docs.info.apple.com /article.html?path=Mac/10.6/en/9045.html. Retrieved 2011-01-03. 9. ^ a b c d e "Mac OS X 10.4 Help: Setting a hot corner for Dashboard" (http://docs.info.apple.com /article.html?path=Mac/10.4/en/mh2194.html) . Docs.info.apple.com. http://docs.info.apple.com /article.html?path=Mac/10.4/en/mh2194.html. Retrieved 2011-01-03. 10. ^ The WinSplit window manager application for Windows knows to emulate this behaviour. 11. ^ There is no single consistent shortcut for closing a document or quitting an application in Windows XP In many multiple document interface applications, Ctrl + W or Ctrl + F4 closes a document and . Alt + F4 quits. In other applications where each document is in its own window, such as later versions of Microsoft Word, Ctrl + W , Ctrl + F4 , and Alt + F4 close a document, and there is no consistent shortcut for quitting an application. 12. ^ Mac OS uses ⌘ Cmd + W Close (window), ⌘ Cmd + Q Quit (application) and ⌘ Cmd + ⌥ Opt + Esc Force Quit (application). Quit is closest to Kill. External links Large database of keyboard shortcuts (search by application, software category, operating system) (http://www.keyxl.com) Keyboard Shortcuts Online Database (http://allhotkeys.com) Microsoft Support, Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows (http://support.microsoft.com /kb/126449) Mac OS X keyboard shortcuts (http://support.apple.com/kb/HT1343) Large collection of Mac keyboard shortcuts in one Mac App (Link to the Mac App Store) (http://itunes.apple.com/app/id422868574?mt=12) An Extensive List of Mac keyboard shortcuts (http://www.danrodney.com/mac) Browser Keyboard Shortcuts (Table) (http://www.mvps.org/dmcritchie/firefox /keyboard.htm) Firefox browser shortcuts (http://www.mozilla.org/support/firefox/keyboard) Firefox browser keyboard assignment map (http://www.mozilla.org/access/keyboard /mozilla) Compilation of popular Windows shortcuts (http://www.raizlabs.com/blog/?p=29)17 de 18 10/11/11 23:28
  • 18. Table of keyboard shortcuts - Wikipedia, the free encycl... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Table_of_keyboard_shortcuts& oldid=458170951" Categories: User interface techniques This page was last modified on 30 October 2011 at 19:18. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of use for details. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.18 de 18 10/11/11 23:28