By Howard GardnerChandala, Maurena, and Heather
The Theory of Multiple Intelligences is a type of learning style, which is the common way to determine a persons mode of grasping information, thinking, and problem solving. Since he founded the eight intelligences, three more intelligences were included. Gardner thinks all individuals have all the intelligences but not all are the dominant way they learn. Intelligences are also influenced by learning opportunities in a person’s culture, and biological make up. The eight intelligences are linguistic, body- kinesthetic, spatial/visual, musical, logical- mathematic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic.
Linguistic: Student loves to read, write, and tell stories. Bodily-Kinesthetic: Student loves to move, touch, and use body language. Spatial/Visual: Loves to play with items in order to understand new information. Musical: Loves listening to music, sensitive to pitch and rhythm. Logical/Mathematic: Loves to work with numbers and experiments, enjoys solving puzzles. Interpersonal: Loves to interact with people and show leadership skills. Intrapersonal: Prefers individual work, and is self motivated. Naturalistic: Prefers to work with nature.
In every classroom you’re going to have students that demonstrate strengths in one or more of the eight intelligences. allowing students to work in cooperative learning groups, either mixing different intelligence types or clustering them, depending on the assignments, may be a successful strategy for teachers Another option might be to offer two to five choices of activities students can do to demonstrate their mastery of the content. This would allow teachers less time for preparation and grading assignments, but would still allow students to tackle their work using their natural skills. You can involve technology in almost all of the eight intelligences. For instance playing music on an ipad and teaching your students a new dance (Bodily-Kinesthetic)
Students can use the multiple intelligence theory to strengthen their own interests. For instance if a student has a strong interest in interacting with other kids and shows great leadership skills that student will probably flourish in group projects and may even grown to be class president. Students can involve technology with multiple intelligences by using a computer to read articles/books or a student who likes to write in their free time. This would benefit a student who has a linguistic intelligence.
Multiple Intelligence Theory in Action The Cognitivitist Theory of Multiple Intelligences (M.I.) fosters student learning by teaching to each of the student’s strength. Teaching a student a jingle for the color of the rainbows will help them remember the colors as well as the ordinal pattern they belong as opposed to making them try to memorize all of the colors and then the order they belong in using repetition. Music being one of the M.I., will help them interact and have fun while learning two skills. For a student learning how to read, the pictures help the child figure out what is happening in the story without actually reading it. Teaching to the child using M.I. builds positive learning experiences thus building the student’s self-esteem and form a love of learning. When you are teaching to the student using M.I. you are teaching to the student’s strength and the child will become an active and more involved learner.