Musicology 3 wk 6

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Musicology 3 wk 6

  1. 1. EXPERIMENTATION: NEW STYLES Jazz
  2. 2. JOHN COLTRANE 1964 records A Love Supreme – A four-part, deeply spiritual work, many consider his masterpiece. Coltrane is the most prominent free jazz musician. 1967 Coltrane dies from liver cancer.
  3. 3. ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF CREATIVE MUSICIANS. In 1965 the pianist Muhal Richard Abrams founded the A.A.C.M, Grew out of the political unrest of the times. Freed musicians from commercial responsibilities. Musicians included - Roscoe Mitchell (Sax), Lester Bowie (Tpt), Malachi Favors Maghustot (Dr’s), who formed Art Ensemble of Chicago
  4. 4. ART ENSEMBLE OF CHICAGO
  5. 5. MILES DAVIS Miles continues to record. Albums include - E.S.P, Miles Smiles, Sorcerer, Nefertiti, with Wayne Shorter (Sax), Herbie Hancock (Pn), Ron Carter (Bass), and Tony Williams (Dr’s). An ensemble that developed many of the ideas and concepts which came about during the Bebop, Cool, Hard-Bop, & Free periods
  6. 6. LATIN JAZZ Jelly Roll Morton called it, the Spanish Tinge, the Afro-Cuban influence in early New Orleans jazz. Repeated rhythmic elements called a Clave pattern. During the 1950’s composer Antonio Carlos Jobim wrote several well known compositions. Stan Getz made commercially successful recordings.
  7. 7. MILES IN THE SKY Miles In The Sky released 1968 Built on the groups earlier work but added electronic instruments such electric guitar & electric bass, and Fender Rhodes piano. Contemporary sound palette. Used a modal and groove based way of playing utilizing free improvisation techniques over steady rock grooves.
  8. 8. JAZZ-ROCK IN BRITAIN Early 1960’s Blues renaissance in Britain. Alex Korner forms Blues Incorporated 1961. Graham Bond forms The Graham Bond Organisation with John McLaughlin (gtr) & Ginger Baker (drs). 1966 Cream (Ginger Baker, Jack Bruce bass, Eric Clapton Gtr) plays Windsor Jazz Festival. Also in 1966, Jimi Hendrix arrived in London.
  9. 9. JAZZ-ROCK IN BRITAIN Catchy “hook” (melody) forms the basis of extended solos. Also known as Progressive Rock. Lots of bands forming including Nucleus.
  10. 10. JAZZ-ROCK IN BRITAIN  Eddie Harris – The Electrifying Eddie Harris  Alexis Korner – Blues Incorporated  Graham Bond – The Graham Bond Organisation  Ginger Baker – Cream  John Mayall – Bluesbreakers  Tony Williams – Lifetime (U.S.A)  Jon Hiseman – Colosseum  Ian Carr – Nucleus  John McLaughlin (Guitar)  Dave Holland (Bass)
  11. 11. MILES DAVIS IN THE 70’S Nearly all of the early figures of Jazz-Rock and Progressive Rock played with Miles Davis.  Examples: Keith Jarrett, Chick Corea, Joe Zawinul (piano)  Dave Holland, Michael Henderson (Bass)  John McLaughlin, Mike Stern, John Scofield (Guitar)  Tony Williams, Jack DeJohnette (Dr’s) • 1970 Miles plays Isle of Wight Festival, also on the bill is Jimi Hendrix. • Recorded 7 albums in the early 1970’s including In a Silent Way & Bitches Brew. • 1976 – 1980 withdrew from Music.
  12. 12. MAHAVISHNU ORCHESTRA 1971 John McLaughlin forms the Mahavishnu Orchestra. Beatles travel to India in 1968. Eastern influence on popular culture at this time. Psychedelic label applied to music, refers to effects of drugs, prevalent within the culture at the time. The Mahavishnu Orchestra built on the work of Miles Davis what would become known as Fusion.
  13. 13. FUSION 1973 Herbie Hancock releases Head Hunters 1976 Pat Metheny releases Bright Size Life. 1977 Weather Report releases Heavy Weather
  14. 14. SMOOTH JAZZ Very similar style to Fusion. Differences are slower tempos, pre-programmed rhythms, improvisations tend to be more restrained and less chromatic. Uses Piano and Sax, as well as electric keyboards and guitars, etc. Early example is Wes Montgomery (b.1923 – d.1968) recordings of Beatles song - A Day In The Life.

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