Why libraries matter so much to lgbt teensTermsResearching LGBT issuesCollection developmentWorking with LGBT youthPoliciesCommunity Partners
Biological sex includes chromosomes (XX for assigned females; XY for assigned males); hormones (estrogen/progesterone for assigned females, testosterone for assigned males); and internal and external genitalia (vulva, clitoris, vagina for assigned females, penis and testicles for assigned males). Given the potential variation in all of these, biological sex must be seen as a spectrum or range of possibilities rather than a binary set of two options (see “Intersex”).One’s gender identity can be the same or different than the sex assigned at birth. Individuals become conscious of this between the ages 18 months and 3 years. Most people develop a gender identity that matches their biological sex. For some, however, their gender identity is different from their biological or assigned sex. Some of these individuals choose to socially, hormonally and/or surgically change their physical appearance to more fully match their gender identity.Someone who identifies as “gender nonconforming” is not necessarily transgender. While their expression of gender may fall outside of those considered typical for their assigned birth gender, they may identify as that gender nonetheless. Some distinguish between these two terms by how an individual is perceived. That is, a “gender nonconforming” individual may have their atypical expression experienced by others either neutrally or even positively. “Gender variant” might be used to identify an individual whose gender expression is viewed negatively by others.Gender fluid children do not feel confined by restrictive boundaries of stereotypical expectations of girls or boys. In other words, a child may feel they are a girl some days and a boy on others, or a combination, or possibly feel that neither term describes them accurately.In most cases, these children are atno medical risk, but most are assigned a biological sex (male or female) by their doctors and/or families.Gender characteristics can change over time and are different between cultures. Gender is often used synonymously with sex, but this is inaccurate because sex refers to physical/biological characteristics and gender refers to social and emotional attributes.Transition can occur in three ways: social transition through nonpermanent changes in clothing, hairstyle, name and/or pronouns; medical transition through the useof medicines such as hormone “blockers” or cross hormones to promote gender-based body changes; and/or surgical transition in which an individual’s body is modified through the addition or removal of gender-related physical traitsThis physical transition is a complicated, multi-step process that may take years and may include, but is not limited to, sex reassignment surgery.
Gender expression also works the other way as people assign gender to others based on their appearance, mannerisms, and other gendered characteristics. Sometimes, transgender people seek to match their physical expression with their gender identity, rather than their birth-assigned sex. Gender expression should not be viewed as an indication of sexual orientation.Our culture recognizes two basic gender roles: Masculine (having the qualities attributed to males) and feminine (having the qualities attributed to females). People who step out of their socially assigned gender roles are sometimes referred to as transgender. Other cultures havethree or more gender roles.More narrowly defined, it refers to an individual whose gender identity does not match their assigned birth gender. Being transgender does not imply any specific sexual orientation (attraction to people of a specific gender.) Therefore, transgender people may additionally identify as straight, gay, lesbian, bisexual, pansexual, etc.Our sexual orientation and our gender identity are separate, distinct parts of our overall identity. Although a child may not yet be aware of their sexual orientation, they usually have a strong sense of their gender identity.Genderqueer individuals typically reject notions of static categories of gender and embrace a fluidity of gender identity and sexual orientation. This term is typically assigned an adult identifier and notused in reference to pre-adolescent childrenCis- from Latin meaning "on the same side [as]" or "on this side[of]").
Ensure Access ExistsKnox County schools were blocking sites selectively, became an ACLU court caseEnsure that sites LGBT information are available and not blocked
Make sure your collection reflects selections for all audiences
Gay Parent Magazine
Memphis Area Gay Youth (MAGY) - P.O. Box 241852, Memphis, TN 38124; Phone: (901) 335-MAGY (335-6249); Email: email@example.com ; Website: http://www.magyonline.org/MNPS: Support Student Safety - Nashville. Website: http://www.supportstudentsafety.com/docs/mnpsform_ind.pdf (pdf format); Email is firstname.lastname@example.orgOne-In-Teen Youth Services (OIT) - Meeting address: 109 29th Avenue North, Nashville, TN 37203; Mailing address: P. O. Box 40886, Nashville, TN 37204; Telephone 615.321.7288; Toll free telephone: 1-877-ONE-IN-TN (877-663-4686); Email: email@example.com; Website: http://www.one-in-teen.org Safe Spaces Encourage Youth (LGBTQ) Support Group - a community based LBGTQ youth group sponsored by and located at the We Care Child & Family Services office. Address: 111 Ewing St., PO Box 472, Guthrie, KY 42234; Phone: (270) 483-6220; Toll Free: (866) 307-0401; Fax: (270) 483-6221; Contact Form: http://www.wecarefamilies.com/contacts/new; Web: http://www.wecarefamilies.com/services/safespace We Care offers a unique foster/mentor program for Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay, Transgender, Questioning Youth (LBGTQ) to encourage the self realization of orientation and identity, using their strength as an individual. Serving youth from Todd, Logan, Christian and Trigg counties in Kentucky and Montgomery County in Tennessee.Friends for Life43 N Cleveland StreetMemphis, TN firstname.lastname@example.orgParents, Friends & Families of Lesbians & Gays - Memphis901email@example.com/Page.aspx?pid=224&chid=319&tab=6Parents, Friends & Families of Lesbians & Gays - Olive Branch901firstname.lastname@example.orgTennessee Equality Project - Shelby Countyshelbycounty@tnequalityproject.comwww.tnequalityproject.orgTennessee Transgender Political CoalitionP.O. Box 92335Nashville, TN email@example.com/
Working with LGBTQ Youth
Numbers and stats
Ally: any non-LGBT person who supports and stands up for the rights of LGBT people.
Closeted / “In the Closet”: describes a person who keeps their sexual orientation or
gender identity a secret from some or all people.
Coming Out: the process of acknowledging one’s sexual orientation and/or gender identity to
other people. For most LGBT people this is a life-long process.
LGBT / GLBT: acronyms for “lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender.”
Openly Gay / Lesbian / Bisexual / Transgender: a person who publicly
acknowledges their sexual orientation or gender identity.
Outing: the act of revealing an LGBT person’s sexual orientation or gender identity without that
Queer: an umbrella term used by some LGBT people to refer to themselves. In the past, this
term has been considered offensive and some LGBT people still consider it so.
Questioning: a person who is unsure about their sexual orientation or gender identity.
Biological/Anatomical Sex The physical structure of one’s reproductive organs that is used to assign sex
Gender Identity One's innermost concept of self as male or female or both or neither—how individuals perceive
themselves and what they call themselves.
Gender nonconforming/Gender variant Refers to individuals whose behaviors and/or interests
fall outside what is considered typical for their assigned sex at birth.
Cross Gender Used to describe children who have adopted attributes that transgress the usual socially assigned
gender roles or expectation, or who do not identify as either of the two sexes as currently defined.
Gender Fluidity Gender fluidity conveys a wider, more flexible range of gender expression, with interests and
behaviors that may change, even from day to day
DSD/Intersex Disorders/Differences of Sexual Development. About 1% of children are born with
chromosomes, hormones, genitalia and/or other sex characteristics that are not exclusively male or female as defined by
the medical establishment in our society.
FtM (Female to Male)/Affirmed male/transboy A child or adult who was born anatomically
female but has a male gender identity.
MtF (Male to Female)/Affirmed female/transgirl A child or adult who was born
anatomically male but has a female gender identity.
Gender A socially constructed system of classification that ascribes qualities of masculinity and femininity to people.
Transition The process by which a transgender individual strives to have physical presentation more closely align with
Transphobia Fear or hatred of transgender people; transphobia is manifested in a number of ways, including
violence, harassment, and discrimination.
Gender Expression Refers to the ways in which people externally communicate their gender identity to others
through behavior, clothing, haircut, voice, and other forms of presentation.
Gender Role This is the set of roles, activities, expectations and behaviors assigned to females and males by society.
Transgender Sometimes used as an umbrella to describe anyone whose identity or behavior falls outside of
stereotypical gender norms.
Sexual Orientation Term that refers to being romantically or sexually attracted to people of a specific gender.
Genderqueer This term represents a blurring of the lines around gender identity and sexual orientation.
Gender Normative/Cisgender Refers to people whose sex assignment at birth corresponds to their gender
identity and expression
Transsexuals Individuals who do not identify with their birth-assigned genders and physically alter their bodies surgically
www.genderspectrum.org • 510-567-3977 • firstname.lastname@example.org
bi-sexual gay lesbian other queer
Tennessee LGBT Demographics
What Level of School
high school middle school
Who teens live with
immediate family extended family
Where TN youth live
suburban rural urban
Why libraries matter?
Sometimes we are the only place
they have to go.
More than half of TN youth (58%) report being excluded because
they were different and 35% report it happening frequently or often.
Six in ten Tennessee LGBT youth respondents report being the
target of gay slurs and the same percentage report being verbally
harassed, either frequently, often or sometimes.
Almost one quarter (24%) report being the target of cyber-
bullying frequently or often.
Approximately two in ten TN youth report being physically
assaulted punched, kicked or shoved at school.
When asked if these acts of harassment and bullying had
happened to them because of their sexual orientation or gender identity
82% responded “Yes”.
Only 3% of the survey respondents reported their community as
“very accepting” of LGBTQ people. 32% of Tennessee youth
respondents reported their communities as “very un-accepting.”
46% of the Tennessee sample reported “strongly agreed” that they
would need to move to another city, town or another part of the
country to really feel accepted.
Resources for Tennessee LGBT Youth
Less than half (42%) of the Tennessee LGBT youth in the
survey report having an adult family member they could turn to if
they were sad. 52% reported having an adult member of the
community they could turn to if they were sad.
The full report can be found at hrc.org/youth.
2. The Advocate
3. Instinct Magazine
5. The San Francisco Bay Times
6. The Official New York City Pride Guide
7. Pink Magazine
Health Reference Center (TEL) Academic and medical articles on LGBTQ issues
Opposing Viewpoints (TEL) Commentary's, videos, maps and contemporary issues in the
Gender Studies Collection (Gale) (TEL) The Gender Studies Collection provides access
to hundreds of thousands of articles with balanced coverage on such topics as gender studies, sexual
behavior surveys, family and marital issues, conversion therapy, gay and lesbian rights, homophobia,
health aspects and many more. Leading journals in the field are covered and updated daily, including:
Advocate, Feminist Studies, Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide, Journal of Men's Studies, Journal of
theHistory of Sexuality, Off Our Backs and more
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL) (TEL) Several reference holdings including Gay
And Lesbian health, Introduction to Gay Rights Movement, Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender and
Gender Issues and Sexuality: Essential Primary Sources.
Academic Search (EBSCO)This comprehensive, multidisciplinary database compiles several
Other EBSCO databases, including Academic Search Premier, with 4,500 journals, LGBT Life with Full Text,
with 50 of the leading GLBT journals, periodicals, and newspapers, and MEDLINE, produced by the
National Library of Medicine. Most articles are full text.
Gender Watch A full text database of 175 publications about how gender affects society. Humanities
oriented, focusing on gender studies, law, history, and some psychology.
PsychINFO An index of 1300 psychology related publications, including links to 250 full text journals
and web documents.
Sociological Abstracts An index to international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the
social and behavioral sciences, including article abstracts and links to full text articles.
Alt-Press Watch A collection of full text underground and alternative newspapers and periodicals.
Subject Headings (called Topics) do not lend themselves to intersex-related research, and keyword
searches are advised.
Journal of Homosexuality
A peer- reviewed journal published by Haworth Press, one of the oldest gay and
lesbian academic journals, and explores the political, social, and moral implications of
research on human sexuality. Online holdings go back to 1993, print issues can be
found in the GLBT Student Support Services Library going back to 1984.
International Journal of Sexual Health
A peer- reviewed journal published by Haworth Press, and the official journal of the
World Association for Sexual Health, this journal is dedicated to the basic
understanding of sexual health through a positive approach to all sexualities.
American Journal of Sexuality Education
A peer-reviewed journal published by Haworth Press aimed at providing sexuality
educators with the latest research on sexuality education programming, including
reports on curriculum development and assessment, literature reviews, scholarly
commentary, and book and film reviews.
Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality
A peer-reviewed journal published by Haworth Press on the psychology behind
sexual behavior, including
clinical, counseling, educational, social, experimental, psychoendocrinological, and
AIDS Education and Prevention
Culture, Health and Sexuality
GLQ a journal of lesbian and Gay Studies
Journal of bisexuality
Journal of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Identity
Journal of Homosexuality
Journal of Lesbian Studies
Sexualities, Evolution & GenderSex Roles: A Journal of Research
People with a History: An Online Guide to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual
and Trans* History
glbtq: An Encyclopedia of
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture
The International Encyclopedia of Sexuality, Volume I – IV 1997-
Human Sexuality: An Encyclopedia
Archive for Sexology: Books/Monographs
Internet Public Library
Suggested search terms
Same sex marriage
Pronouns: “Hir” “S/he” or “ze”
"GLBT Controlled Vocabularies and Classification Schemes", American Library
Association, December 29, 2009. http://www.ala.org/glbtrt/popularresources/vocab
(Accessed September 12, 2013) Document ID: 54b116d0-8cbf-c8f4-fd24-d0684fbd7bc1
INFORMATION FOR: Gender identity.
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Narrower Term: Intersex people--Identity
Narrower Term: Transgender people--Identity.
Narrower Term: Transgenderism.
Narrower Term: Transsexuals--Identity.
See Also: Queer theory.http://authorities.loc.gov/cgi-
Don’t be surprised when a youth comes out to you
Be informed and examine your own biases
Know when and where to seek help
Maintain a balanced perspective
Understand the meaning of sexual orientation and gender
Deal with feeling first
Anticipate some confusion
Help, but do not force
Don’t try to guess who is LGBT
Challenge homophobic remarks and jokes
Parents, Friends and Families
of Lesbians and Gays PFLaG
Memphis Area Gay Youth
MNPS:Support Student Safety
One-in-Teen Youth Services
Friends for Life Memphis
GLSEN East TN
GLSEN Middle TN
Nashville GBLT Chamber of
Forty to None
Matthew Shepard Foundation
The Trevor Project
Family Acceptance Project
Family Equality Council
True Colors Fund
No H8 Campaign
Stand Up for Kids
Youth Pride National
National Safe Place