1850 1862 1863Sweat shops Homestead acts Congress passed Transcontinental Tweed Ring was awere established. was a law that 1st legal tender act railroad created group of corruptAny working provided 160 acres which allowed nation wide politicians led byenvironment in the west to any $150 million in network that William M. Tweed inconsidered to be citizen who was treasury notes to united the defrauding the city.difficult or head of the be printed. Bill country.dangerous. household and printed on only onWorkers worked would cultivate it side know aslong hours with for 5 years. greenbacks.little pay. http://tinyurl.com/cao2pxu
1864 1865 1866Sand creek massacre Urbanization began Buffalo Soldiers were Long drive waswas a 700 man force to grow in cities members of U.S. cavalry overland transport ofof Colorado territory mostly in regions of regiment of United States. animals, which lastedmilitia attacked a northeast and Name was given to about 3 months.village of Cheyenne Midwest. African American tribesand Arapaho campers they fought.killing 70-163 Indians. http://tinyurl.com/ct3dmpv
1867 1868 1870Oliver Kelly started Tammy Hall, New National Farmers John D. Rockefellerpatrons of Husbandry an York political alliance was a founded theorganization for farmers organization founded grange movement standard oilthat became known as in 1786. In 1868 which was strong company. Hisgrange. William M. Tweed among whites and foundations led to became head of the blacks of Midwest. the development of Hall. medical research. http://tinyurl.com/cn6d2kr
1871 1872 1873Civil service was George Westinghouse Patronage began in 1873, Andrew Carnegie1st established in American giving government jobs to entered steel business inUnited States. entrepreneur and people who had helped a 1873. in 1899 CarnegieGovernment engineer, invented candidate get elected. steel companyadministration railway air breaks. manufactured moreshould go to Pioneer of electrical steel than all factories inmost qualified industry. Great Britain.person. http://tinyurl.com/cao2pxu
1875 1876Southern alliance was a Battle of Little Big Horn Thomas Alva Alexander Graham Telephone was inventednational farmers alliance was an armed Edison became Bell invented the by Alexander Grahamand industrial union. engagement between pioneer of new telephone along with Bell, which created newGroup of ranchers in combined forces industrial frontier Thomas Watson, jobs for women.Lampasas, Texas who against 7th century when he which opened a wayorganized Texas alliance. regiment of United established for a worldwide States army. worlds 1st communication research network. laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey. http://tinyurl.com/ca3bthl
1877Vanderbilt Family was Socialism an economic Gilded Age was period Poll Tax is an annual taxan American family system characterized following Civil war from that had to be paidwith Dutch origin. by social ownership by end of reconstruction in before qualifying toCornelius started off means of production 1877. Enormous growth vote.with shipping and and cooperation that attracted millions fromrailroad empires, 7th management of the Europe.wealthiest family in economy. In 1877America. In 1877 Socialist labor party ofCornelius donated $1 America was founded.million forestablishment ofVanderbilt University ofNashville. http://tinyurl.com/botbyyq
1879 1880Dumbbell Tenements Settlement House were Bessemer Process Ida B. Wells moved towere substandard community centers in slum developed independently Memphis in 1880 to workapartment buildings, 3- neighborhoods they by British manufacturer as a teacher. Became an5 stories high floor plan provided assistance to Henry Bessemer and editor of a local paper.outlined a dumbbell people in the area, American iron makershape. immigrant especially. William Kelly. In 1880 American manufactures were using this new method to produce 90% of steel. http://tinyurl.com/cudectp
1881 1884 1886Jacob Riis was a Danish Trust a large business. It Colored Farmers Samuel Mugwumps wereAmerican social reformer was a legal instrument to alliance was Gompers led Republican politicalused Photographic and consolidate power by large founded. cigar makers activists in 1884 whojournalistic talents to American enterprises. In Consisted of international supported Democratichelp improvise in New 1881 Samuel C.T. Dodd African union to join candidate GroverYork. devised a corporate trust American with other Cleveland in United to help John D. Rockefeller. farmers in craft unions. States election. south. http://tinyurl.com/cu25c64
1887 1888Dawes Act was The Melting Pot was where Segregation was laws George Eastman wasauthorized the people thought of the country that were developed an American engineerpresident of the United as a mix of different people to separate white and industrialist.States to survey Indian and cultures who came and black people in Designed Pullmantribal land and divide it together by abandoning their public and private sleeping car, foundedinto allotments for language and customs. places. company town forindividual Indians workers whoamended in 1891 and manufactured it.in 1906. http://tinyurl.com/cf6arje
1889 1890Jane Adams was an influential Wounded Knee Sherman antitrust act Literacy test ismember of movement, thought occurred on December made it illegal to form a government testingsettlement house could be 28, 1890. Brought the trust that interfered with literacy of politicaleffective. Cofounded Chicagos Indian wars and entire free trade between citizens at federal level,Hull houses in 1889. era to an end. George states or other potential voters at state A. Custer took 350 countries. level. Sioux and took them to a camp at Wounded Knee creek. The soldiers demanded the Native Americans give up all weapons. http://tinyurl.com/d9aqyxc
1891 1892 1894Grandfather clause stated Collective Bargaining is a process of Ellis island was a gateway Eugene V. Debsthat even if a man failed negotiations between employers and from immigrants to the attempted to form anthe literacy test or group of employees aimed at United States. Busiest industrial union,couldn’t afford the poll reaching agreements that regulate inspection station from American railroadtax he was still entitled to working conditions. 1892-1924. 20% of union. In 1894 strikevote. immigrants were detained was won for higher for a day or two. Some unions. were denied entry. http://tinyurl.com/d9aqyxc
1895 1896Pullman strike in 1894 W.E.B. Dubois was William McKinley “Cross of gold Plessy vs. Ferguson wasconflict between 1st African American campaigned the speech” was where the supremeAmerican railway to receive a Republican party delivered by court ruled that theunion and other doctorate from nominated William Jennings separation of races inrailways that occurred Harvard in 1895. McKinley. Was the Bryan in 1896. public accommodationsin United States. Shut Strongly disagreed 25th president of the Bryan supported was legal and didn’tdown most of nations with Washington’s United States. Was bimetallism. violate 14th amendment.freight and passenger gradual approach. assassinated on Impassionedtraffic west of Detroit, September 1901. address toMichigan. McKinley led nation assemble delegates. to victory against Spanish- American war. Maintained nation on gold standard.
1897 1900 1903 1910Ragtime was a musical Political machine offered Orville and Wilbur Angle island 1910-1940, 50,000genre popular during services to voters and Wright were bicycle Chinese immigrants entered1897-1918. African business in exchange for manufactures from United States through AngleAmerican spirituals and political or financial Ohio. Experimented island. Immigrants enduredEuropean musical forms. support. In 1900 political with new engines questioning and long detentionOriginated in 1880’s in machine declined. powerful enough to until they found out if they weresaloons of south. keep an air craft admitted or rejected. aloft. 1st successful flight on December 17, 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.