Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Hiv and aids
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Hiv and aids

353

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
353
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Unit 6:5 Mrs. Ngawaka
  • 2. Is HIV and AIDS the same thing?
  • 3. HIV- “Human Immunodeficiency Virus”  HIV is a virus.  HIV will never go away.  Over time, HIV disease infects and kills white blood cells or "T cells" and can leave the body unable to fight off certain kinds of infections and cancers.  HIV positive 2-10 years to turn to AIDS
  • 4. AIDS     Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Think of AIDS as advanced HIV disease. A person with AIDS has an immune system so weakened by HIV that the person usually becomes sick from one of several opportunistic infections or cancers.
  • 5. cRaZy fAcTs!!!  Every ________________ someone becomes infected with HIV. a. 3 minutes b. 6 seconds c. day d. hour
  • 6. cRaZy fAcTs!!!  There are ___________ new infections every hour. a. 60 b. 600 c. 6,000 d. 60,000
  • 7. Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission
  • 8. Through Bodily Fluids  Blood products  Semen  Vaginal fluids  Breast Milk
  • 9. Through IV Drug Use  Sharing Needles Increases the chances of contracting HIV  Without sterilization
  • 10. Through Sex   Intercourse Any type of sex with an infected person puts you at risk for AIDS. Even if they don’t know they’ve been infected.
  • 11. Mother-to-Baby    During Pregnancy During Birth Postpartum   After the birth 3/10 HIV+ mothers will pass it on to their
  • 12. HIV is not spread through…        Shaking hands Kissing Doorknobs Swimming pools Animal bites Toilet seats Hot tubs
  • 13. How does the Virus attack the body?    1. HIV virus attaches to the cell’s surface. 2. Virus core enters cell and goes to nucleus. 3. Virus multiplies using the cell. And the cell becomes a virus factory.
  • 14. Four Stages of HIV
  • 15. Stage 1 - Primary  Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection  no other symptoms at all  Infected person can infect other people
  • 16. Stage 2 - Asymptomatic  Lasts for an average of ten years  This stage is free from symptoms  There may be swollen glands   The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood
  • 17. Stage 3 - Symptomatic  The symptoms are mild  The immune system deteriorates  emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers.  An infection that is caused by a germ that usually doesn’t cause a disease. Tuberculosis, Flu, Herpes etc.
  • 18. Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS   The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis
  • 19. Testing Options for HIV
  • 20. Anonymous Testing    No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous
  • 21. Confidential Testing  Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results   Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient
  • 22. Administration    Blood Urine Oral
  • 23. Blood Detection Tests     Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test
  • 24. Urine Testing  Urine Western Blot    As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV
  • 25. Oral Testing  Orasure     The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST!
  • 26. Four ways to protect yourself?     Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles
  • 27. Abstinence    It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use
  • 28. Monogamous relationship   A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected
  • 29. Needle Exchange Program  Non-profit Organization, which provides sterile needles in exchange for contaminated ones
  • 30. Thank You!

×