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4 the truth about drugs

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  • Why do we talk about drugs?I don’t want to preach to you, scare you, or threaten you. I just want to teach you the facts about drugs. Too many teens today abuse drugs, they throw away their lives or at least a part of their lives that cannot be replaced and that’s why I want to teach you the facts.
  • They use drugs to solve their problems, but it doesn’t solve them, it only makes them worse. So then they are stuck in this cycle of drug abuse, trying to solve their problems, developing more problems and then back to drug abuse to solve those problems. Drug abuse is never the answer, it only causes more problems and that’s why we are going to talk about the facts.

Transcript

  • 1. 16 “Drug”… a substance that alters the mind Much of what you hear about drugs comes from the dealers. They spread the word, they spread the “facts” they make it seem like it won’t be so bad. They lie.
  • 2. People do drugs to change something about their lives.  To fit in: 55% say that’s why they started. Dealers know.  To escape or relax  To seem grown up  To relieve boredom  To rebel  To experiment They think drugs are a solution… but eventually the drugs become the problem.
  • 3. Drugs are a poison the amount taken determines the effect. Stimulant Small amounts act as a ___________. Sedative Large amounts act as a ___________. Kill Even larger amounts __________.
  • 4.  Distort perceptions of what’s happening around them.  They may act odd, irrational, inappropriate, or destructive.  Block off all sensations good and bad.  May take away pain but also takes away alertness and abilities.  Slow the mind  Memory is slow, blank spots, makes someone feel stupid, causes more failures and leads to more drugs to deal with those feelings of inadequacy.
  • 5.  Medicines are drugs that are intended to speed up or slow down or change something about the way your body is working, to try to make it work better.  Sometimes they are necessary. But they are still drugs: they act as stimulants or sedatives, and too much can kill you.
  • 6. 13 Street Names Marijuana  Weed, Blunt, Grass, Po t, Skunk, Kiff etc.  Marijuana is more potent today because of growing techniques.  Rise of marijuana-related ER visits.  The chemical that causes distortions in reality is THC. How it’s used: Usually rolled up in a cigarette form. -Joint Can be brewed in a tea, mixed into food or smoked through a water pipe called a bong.
  • 7. SHORT TERM  Loss of coordination  Distortions in sense of time, visions, and hearing.  Reddening of eyes,  Increases appetite  Heart rate increases  Memory reduced and problem solving skills. LONG TERM  Psychotic symptoms  Damage heart  Damage lungs  Reduces immunity by damaging the immune system.
  • 8.  One joint gives you as much exposure to cancer causing      chemicals as 5 cigarettes. When smoking Marijuana people hold it in their lungs for as long as they can to increase the effect. This causes more damage to the lungs than cigarettes. Alcohol stays in the body for a few hours. THC stays in the body for WEEKS! 40% of males arrested test positive for THC In a study 62% of people who used marijuana later went on to use cocaine, 9% heroine, and 54% abused prescription drugs. Next to alcohol, marijuana is the second most common drug found in the blood of drivers involved in fatal automobile crashes.
  • 9.  Studies have linked heavy Marijuana use to brain     abnormalities. Studies have also linked long term Marijuana use to psychosis which is a loss of reality, false beliefs, or seeing or hearing things that aren’t just there. Marijuana causes deformed sperm to form. Which can cause temporary sterility. THC disrupts nerve cells in the brain affecting memory. Major problems can occur when pregnant women use Marijuana
  • 10. The Truth about Marijuana If you use Marijuana you are 85 times more likely to use Cocaine
  • 11. 11  Street Names  Coke, Charlie, Mojo, Sniff, Snow, Blow  Cocaine is one of the most dangerous drugs known to man. It has proven to be nearly impossible to become free of it’s grip.  Cocaine causes an intense high followed by an extreme low depression  Creates a strong dependence, quick tolerance and immediate addiction. How it’s used:  Cocaine- Powder form snorted through the nose. Can be ingested, rubbed on gums, or even injected. Where it’s from: Extracted from Cocoa leaves. Originally used as a painkiller.
  • 12. SHORT TERM LONG TERM  Loss of appetite  Permanent brain and  Increased heart rate  Anxiety  Paranoia  Hallucinations  Seizures      circulatory system damage. Weight loss/Malnutrition Tooth decay Infertility Depression Liver, Kidney and Lung damage
  • 13.  Next to Meth Cocaine has the greatest psychological dependence of any drug.  Cocaine causes an intense high followed by an extreme low of depression. People will do almost anything to get the drug after they reach this low. Even commit murder or suicide.  Children of cocaine-addicted mothers come into the world as addicts themselves.  Cocaine use can lead to death from respiratory (breathing) failure, stroke, cerebral hemorrhage (bleeding in the brain) or heart attack.
  • 14. The Truth about Cocaine If you use Marijuana you are 85 times more likely to use Cocaine
  • 15. 2  Street Names  Crack, Dice, Hail, Ball, Rock, Gri t.  Crack reaches the brain within seconds, lasts about 15 minutes  The smoke form is the most addictive.  Many people become addicted after the first try because coming down from the high sends them lower and they immediately crave the high again. But that high will never be reached again and they are hooked on a never ending chase.  One of the most powerful drugs that causes psychological dependence. Tolerance develops quickly.  Most potent form of Cocaine How it’s used:  Crack- Crystal form, solid blocks, heated and smoked. Can be ingested or injected.
  • 16. SHORT TERM LONG TERM  Increased heart rate  Permanent brain and  Hard to sleep  Nausea  Erratic, Violent behavior   Hallucinations… bugs  burrowing under the skin.  Panic  Sudden Death from higher dose.   circulatory system damage. Severe weight loss Tooth decay Infertility Depression
  • 17.  Regardless of how much of the drug is used or how frequently, crack cocaine increases the risk that the user will experience a heart attack, stroke, seizure or respiratory failure, any of which can result in sudden death.  Coming down from the drug causes severe depression, which becomes deeper and deeper after each use. This can get so severe that a person will do almost anything to get the drug—even commit murder. And if he or she can’t get crack cocaine, the depression can get so intense it can drive the addict to suicide.
  • 18. The Truth about Crack
  • 19. 10 Street Names  E, X, Hug, Beans, Love Drug  A stimulant  Ecstasy is a man made drug, so anything can be added to the drug, caffeine, ampheta mine, or even cocaine.  Mixing alcohol with ecstasy is very dangerous and can kill. How it’s used:  Usually taken in a pill, tablet, or capsule.  Used at dances and raves to dance all night.  Can cause dehydration and heart or kidney failure.
  • 20. SHORT TERM LONG TERM  Impaired Judgment  Long lasting and often  False sense of affection permanent brain damage.  Lessens persons thinking ability.  Confusion  Depression  Severe Anxiety  Paranoia  Muscle tension  Teeth clenching
  • 21.  Ecstasy made me crazy. One day I bit glass, just like I would an apple. I had to have my mouth full of pieces of glass to realize what was happening to me. Another time I tore rags with my teeth for an hour. -Ann  ER visits from Ecstasy have increased 1,200% since it became the popular club drug.  92% of people who use Ecstasy later turn to other drugs like marijuana, amphetamines, cocaine, and heroine.  You never know what’s in it.
  • 22. The Truth about Ecstasy
  • 23. 10 Street Names  Meth, Chalk, Speed  Crystal Meth =Ice or Glass  Creates a false sense of happiness, of confidence, hyperactiveness and energy.  The effects last 6-8 hours but can last up to 24 hours.  Can cause problems such as memory loss, aggression, psychotic behavior and potential heart and brain damage. How it’s used:  Snorted, Smoked, or Ingested.  Crystalline powder usually white.  Crystal Meth comes in clear chunky crystals that is smoked.
  • 24. SHORT TERM LONG TERM  Physical and mental  Damage blood vessel in        breakdown after drug wears off. Loss of appetite. Hyperactivity Nausea Irritability Aggression Hallucinations Seizures        the brain Liver and kidney damage Lung damage Memory loss Mood swings Malnutrition Depression Brain Damage
  • 25.  Meth is man made. It is made in illegal labs mixing things like cold medicine, battery acid, drain cleaner, lantern fuel, and anti freeze.  Producing one pound of Meth leaves 5 pounds of waste. Which is harmful and toxic.  “When I gave my three-year-old son some cheese to eat, I did not know that I was giving him poisoned food. I was too stoned on meth to notice, until twelve hours later, that my son was deathly ill. But then I was so stoned it took me two hours to figure out how to get him to the hospital five miles away. By the time I got to the emergency room my boy was pronounced dead of a lethal dose of ammonia hydroxide—one of the chemicals used to make meth.” —Melanie
  • 26.  1. The rush: Pulse, blood pressure and metabolism soar. Generally 3-5 minutes. Can last up to 30 minutes.  2. The high: Feel aggressively smarter often arguing . Can become super focused on an item such as washing the same window for hours. Lasts 4-16 hours  3. The Binge: Uncontrolled use of a drug or alcohol. User becomes hyperactive mentally and physically. Each time they use the drug they feel a smaller and smaller rush. Finally there is no rush or high. Can’t sleep for days. Can last 3-15 days.  4. Tweaking: Most dangerous phase. The user can no longer feel the rush or high and begins to feel itchy and steps into their own world having hallucinations, hearing things, and itches and scratches their skin. They can become hostile and dangerous.  The crash: The body is unable to cope with the effects and becomes lifeless and sleeps for 1-3 days.  Meth Hangover: User is in a deteriorated state. They are starved, dehydrated, and exhausted physically and mentally. This lasts 2-14 days  Withdrawal: 30-90 days pass after the last drug use. And the user realizes they are in withdrawal. They feel depressed, no energy and no ability to experience pleasure. They cannot deal with the feelings and turn to more meth.
  • 27. 10  “Inhalants” refers to the vapors from toxic substances to reach a quick high.  More than 1,000 household products can be abused as Inhalants.  Permanent damage can be done by using inhalants. How it’s used:  Inhaling the contents of open containers  Breathing the fumes from a soaked rag  Spraying substance directly into the nose  Inhaling fumes of a substance in a paper bag.
  • 28. SHORT TERM LONG TERM  Slurred speech  Muscle weakness  Drunk or dazed look  Disorientation  Hallucinations  Lack of coordination  Apathy  Depression  Unconsciousness  Irreversible damage to  Severe Headaches heart, liver, kidneys, lung s and brain  Bone marrow damage
  • 29.  Inhalants can be addictive  22% of abusers who die of Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome were first time users.  In a Nairobi, Kenya there re 60,000 kids on the street and nearly all are addicted to some sort of inhalant.  4 Categories  Liquids: Pain thinner, Gasoline, Glues  Sprays: Paints, vegetable oil, hairsprays  Gases: Ether, Chloroform  Nitrites: Leather cleaner, room deodorizer
  • 30. 10 Basic Information  Comes from the resin of Poppy How it’s used: plants  Heroin can be  Heroin was created to help injected, smoked or morphine addicts but it ended up being more addictive. sniffed.  By the late 1990’s being a heroin  Between 1995 and addict meant you were 20 times 2002, the number of more likely to die than the rest of teenagers in the population. America, aged 12 to  Users who buy Heroin on the street 17, who used heroin at never know how potent their some point in their lives packet is and they are constantly at increased by 300%. risk for an overdose. Likely due to not having to inject it anymore.
  • 31. SHORT TERM LONG TERM  “Rush”  Death/ Depression  Slowed breathing  Bad teeth and gums  Clouded mental  Constipation     functioning Nausea and vomiting Sedation; drowsiness Hypothermia Coma or death (due to overdose)  Cold sweats  Itching  Weakening of the immune system  Respiratory illnesses  Muscular weakness, partial paralysis
  • 32.  In Europe 4 out of every 5 drug related deaths was due to Opiates mainly Heroin.  Users will give up everything sometimes their life for a high that lasts only a few minutes.  In the past decade, the “heroin addict look”—blank expression, waxy complexion, dark circles under the eyes, sunken cheeks, excessive thinness, greasy hair—was promoted in popular magazines and fashion circles as “chic.”  Between 1995 and 2002, the number of teenagers in America, aged 12 to 17, who used heroin at some point in their lives increased by 300%.
  • 33. 10 Street Names  Acid, Micro-dots, Looney     How it’s used: toons, Blotters  LSD is one of the most potent, mood-changing chemicals. It is manufactured from fungus that grows on rye and other grains. It is produced in crystal form in illegal laboratories, mainly in the United States. Users call an LSD experience a “trip.” Trips can last up to 12 hours. A “bad trip” is a living Hell. Tablets, gelatin squares, absorbent paper with cartoon drawings.
  • 34. Physical Effects Mental Effects  Dilated pupils  Delusions  Sweating or Chills  Visual Hallucinations  Sleeplessness  Artificial Sense of  Tremors  Dry Mouth   Vomiting    euphoria or certainty Reality distortions Fear of losing control Panic attack Severe depression or psychosis
  • 35.  An oral dose equal in weight to a few grains of salt is capable of     producing vivid hallucinations. The effects of LSD are unpredictable. They depend on the amount taken, the person’s mood and personality, and the surroundings in which the drug is used. It is a roll of the dice. The ability to make sensible judgments and see common dangers is impaired. An LSD user might try to step out a window to get a “closer look” at the ground. He might consider it fun to admire the sunset, blissfully unaware that he is standing in the middle of a busy intersection. Many LSD users experience flashbacks, or a recurrence of the LSD trip, often without warning, long after taking LSD. Bad trips and flashbacks are only part of the risks of LSD use. LSD users may manifest relatively long-lasting psychoses or severe depression.
  • 36. 10 Basic Info  Abuse of prescription drugs is • Often the dangers of pain killers don’t surface until growing in the US. it’s too late.  Among teens, prescription drugs are the most commonly • In 2007, for example, abuse of the painkiller Fentanyl used drugs next to marijuana killed more than 1,000  Almost 50% of teens believe people. The drug was found that taking prescription drugs to be thirty to fifty times is much safer than using illegal more powerful than heroin. street drugs. How it’s used  Long-term use of painkillers • Ingested, snorted, injected can lead to dependence
  • 37.  Usage increase  Increased sensitivity to  Change in personality sights and sounds  Blackouts  Forgetfulness  Defensiveness when they think their secret is being discovered  Social withdrawal  Ongoing use  Time spent obtaining prescriptions  Change in habits and appearance  Neglects responsibilities
  • 38.  The strongest painkillers are opioids and derive from Poppy’s like Heroin.  Oxycodone has one of the greatest potentials for abuse and the greatest dangers. It is as powerful as Heroin. OxyContin, Endocet, Hillbilly Heroin  Meperidine has been banned in the UK, is 8 times more powerful than morphine, and is one of the top then drugs in drug abuse deaths. Darvon  Dependence and addiction occur because the body begins to adapt to the presence of the drug. Withdrawal is painful
  • 39. 10 Street Names  Kiddie Coke, Vitamin R, R- killers don’t surface until it’s too late. • In 2007, for example, abuse of the painkiller Fentanyl killed more than 1,000 One 17-year-old, after snorting people. The drug was found crushed Ritalin pills and staying awake for days, went psychotic, killed to be thirty to fifty times his parents and severely injured his more powerful than heroin. brothers and sister with a hatchet. A How it’s used 14-year-old, on Ritalin since he was 7, beat another boy to death with a • Ingested, snorted, injected ball  Classified the same as cocaine, amphetamines and morphine  • Often the dangers of pain baseball bat.
  • 40.  Hallucinations  Suicidal thoughts  Aggressive behavior  Psychotic Behavior  Sudden Death  Nervousness  Heart attacks, strokes     Insomnia   Malnourishment   Pulse changes   Heart problems  Liver, kidney Destruction of tissues in nose if sniffed Lung problems Strong psychological dependence Psychosis Depression Damage to the brain including strokes and possibly epilepsy Unhealthy weight loss
  • 41.  “Parents are never told: ‘Oh, by the way, once in a while a child dies simply by taking their prescribed medication.’ Or ‘By the way, children on stimulant medications have twice the future rate of drug abuse.’ Or ‘By the way, one third of all children on these medications develop symptoms of obsessive-compulsive behavior within the first year.’”  It is 100% illegal to distribute any prescription medication.  Initially used for energy, or to stay up to study, and then turns into an addiction because you can’t deal with the crash.  It states on the bottle “The mode of action in man is not completely understood.”
  • 42.  Ritalin and other Prescription drugs lead to other drugs.  Tolerance and Dependence lead to harder and harder drugs.  According to a 2005 study, teens who abuse prescription drugs are twelve times likelier to use heroin, fifteen times likelier to use Ecstasy and twenty times likelier to use cocaine, compared to teens who do not abuse such drugs.  Don’t Fall into the trap! No matter who is telling you lies!  Everyone is using it  It’s just one time… for study  My brother takes it for a learning disorder. It couldn’t be that bad.  You can control it. It’s not addicting.
  • 43.  Split up into 14 groups  Pick a number and let me know. First come first serve. Heroin 1. Street names, 4 Facts, How it’s used. 2. Long and short term effects LSD Prescription Drugs Painkillers Ritalin Crystal Meth Inhalants  Basic description of the drug, places used, people who use it, effects on the     body. Become an expert on that drug. Some street names At least 2 interesting statistics Several Short term effects and long term effects 1 real life story.
  • 44.  Then gather together in numbers and share with the whole group what you learned and wrote down about your drug.  Each group should keep note of what the other groups told them.  http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/marijuana/it -s-background.html