3-1 nutrition nutrients


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  • Hyperlink to clip on how sugar is used in our bodies and how processed foods cause sugar spikes and don’t allow us to use up our fat reserves.
  • Clip on bad and good cholesterol
  • 3-1 nutrition nutrients

    1. 1. NUTRITION The process of your body taking in and using food. Unit 3 Lesson 1 & 2
    2. 2. Why do we choose the foods we do?Why do we choose the foods we do? What makes you want to eat?What makes you want to eat? Why do we need food?Why do we need food? What effects does food have on you?What effects does food have on you?
    3. 3. ???????????????? What makes you want to eat ????????????????
    4. 4. Appetite vs Hunger Appetite- A Psychological desire for food. Wanting dessert even when your full Wanting fresh bread only because you smelled it. Hunger- Natural physical need for food Stomach hurts, head may hurt, may feel light headed because you need food.
    5. 5. EmotionsEmotions What emotions cause you to eat? Boredom Frustration Stress Lonely Sad
    6. 6. EnvironmentEnvironment Guess the influence…  Me and 4 other teachers went out to eat Indian food because it is what Ms. Tressler wanted.  My grandma grew up in Mexico so my Mom likes to make HOT chili enchiladas.  I do not have time to make a lunch in the mornings so I keep a loaf of bread, peanut butter, and honey in my office.  While I was in college I never ate out. Now I have a career and I eat out way too much!  Occasionally I see a commercial with something I really want on it so the next time I’m out I’ll go out to eat there. Make your own statement
    7. 7. We eat for a lot of reasons The MAIN reason we eat is so our body can get the tsneturin it needs NUTRIENTS
    8. 8. Two Words to Know
    9. 9. Nutrients Substances in food that your bodySubstances in food that your body needs toneeds to FUNCTIONFUNCTION,, GROW, REPAIRGROW, REPAIR itself and give youitself and give you ENERGYENERGY.. Every nutrient has a specific job to keep you healthy.
    10. 10. Calorie Calorie- The unit of heat used to measureCalorie- The unit of heat used to measure the energy your body uses and takes inthe energy your body uses and takes in from foodfrom food. Consumed vs Used
    11. 11. Questions????? What is the difference between Nutrients and Calories? If a food has a lot of nutrients does that mean it has a lot of calories too? Why?
    12. 12. 6 Nutrients6 Nutrients What are the 6 types of nutrients? –Carbohydrates –Proteins –Fats –Vitamins –Minerals –Water
    13. 13. CarbohydratesCarbohydrates What is the role of carbohydrates? 3 types of Carbohydrates What are they?  Carbohydrates are your main source of ENERGY!  Simple, Complex, and Fiber
    14. 14. SimpleSimple Simple carbohydratesSimple carbohydrates: provide quick energy and: provide quick energy and usually contain less nutrients.usually contain less nutrients. Small group of sugars Carbohydrate is a sugar
    15. 15. Complex Complex-Complex- StarchesStarches which are longwhich are long chains of sugars.chains of sugars. – Examples: grains, pasta, beans, legumes and root veggies like potatoes.
    16. 16. Simple vs Complex Sugars  Simple – Glucose: the most common kind of simple sugar. Glucose is the basic source of energy for all living things. Body converts most sugars into glucose. – Sucrose: commonly known as table sugar, beet sugar, or cane sugar. – Fructose: known as fruit sugar. Complex – Maltose: known as malt sugar. Found in grains. – Lactose: commonly known as milk sugar. It is the principal carbohydrate found in milk.
    17. 17. Difference between Simple and Complex carbohydrates Simple Complex -Made of 1-2 sugars -Made of 3+ -Digests quickly -Longer to digest -Sugars -Starches
    18. 18. Fiber Fiber- a tough complex carbohydrate that theFiber- a tough complex carbohydrate that the body cannot digest.body cannot digest. . What does Fiber do for us? • Moves waste through your digestive system • Helps you feel full • Prevents certain diseases • May reduce risk of cancer • Examples: Potatoes, Celery, Apples, broccoli, nuts
    19. 19. 10 to 13 grams of fiber per 1,000 calories you consume.10 to 13 grams of fiber per 1,000 calories you consume.
    20. 20. A few questions about Carbs… - Carly eats captain crunch for breakfast in the morning with milk.She knows she needs to eat fruits and veggies so she adds in a few strawberries. However, by the time she gets to second period she is starving. Why is this? -What should she eat so she can last until lunch and why?
    21. 21. ProteinsThe nutrients the body uses toThe nutrients the body uses to build and maintain cells and tissue.build and maintain cells and tissue. – Besides water protein makes up the largest percentage of our body weight. – Our hair, nails, skin, bones, muscles, tendons and organs are made up mainly of protein.
    22. 22. Amino Acids- The building blocksThe building blocks of proteinsof proteins Your body needsYour body needs 20 different amino20 different amino acids.acids. Your body can make all butYour body can make all but 99 of theseof these amino acids. We call theseamino acids. We call these EssentialEssential Amino AcidsAmino Acids because we can only getbecause we can only get them from food our body does notthem from food our body does not make them.make them. The rest are calledThe rest are called NonessentialNonessential amino acids.amino acids.
    23. 23. Sources of Protein Eggs, meat, cheese, milk, fish, nuts, tofu, beans “Complete” proteins are from animal sources. They contain all 9 essential amino acids Plant sources do not contain all 9 essential amino acids and are a variety of sources must be eaten to obtain all of them.
    24. 24. Question about Protein… Kyle has become a vegetarian. His friends tell him he will be missing out on a lot of high protein foods that will supply him with all the essential amino acids which are important for his growth. If you were Kyle’s doctor what would you say to help him?
    25. 25. Proteins will also… Help you grow when you are young Hemoglobin is a protein that carries oxygen in your blood Supply some energy to your body. But not as much and takes longer to break down. Clip
    26. 26. Questions… What was the difference between the winning team and the losing team? Is your diet high in carbohydrates or protein? When you find you’re out of energy why could that be? What can you learn from this clip to help your energy levels?
    27. 27. Fat Is it bad to eat fat? What does fat do for us? • Concentrated form of energy • Cushions our organs from shock • Insulates us, keeps our body temperature regulated. • Absorb and transport the fat soluble vitamins ADE and K. Cholesterol is a waxy substance in your blood that can get stuc .
    28. 28. Good Cholesterol and Bad HDL: High Density Lipoproteins – Want to be higher – The good type of cholesterol that LDL: Low density Lipoproteins – Want to keep lower – The bad type of cholesterol that can build up in o Clip
    29. 29. Understanding Cholesterol  A cholesterol molecule is a lipid, which is water-insoluble. Examples are…waxes, oils and fats  Because it can't dissolve in water or watery substances like blood, cholesterol can't move around in the bloodstream on its own. It has to catch a ride.  In order to travel around the body, cholesterol combines with protein, forming a lipoprotein (lipid + protein).  The protein actually coats the cholesterol.
    30. 30. Water InsolubleWater Insoluble
    31. 31. Understanding Cholesterol  However, not all lipoproteins are created equal.  When the lipoprotein has more protein than cholesterol, it resembles a Ferrari, gunning through your body without stopping until the cholesterol arrives at your liver, where it's converted into bile acids. These Ferraris are high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), which most of us just call "good" cholesterol.  When the lipoprotein has more cholesterol than protein, however, this makes for a rickety ride. This low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or "bad" cholesterol, sputters down the road, careening off the arteries, running - into things and leaving bits all over the place.  While the HDL Ferrari sees a pileup and nimbly speeds around it, the LDL jalopy crashes right into it, adding to the jumble of tangled fenders and tailpipes (or platelets and plaque).
    32. 32. HDL VS LDL high density lipoprotein vs low density lipoprotein
    33. 33. Main Types of Fats Unsaturated Fats-Unsaturated Fats- “Good Fats” Vegetable“Good Fats” Vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds. Liquid at room temp.oils, nuts, and seeds. Liquid at room temp. Saturated fats-Saturated fats- “Bad Fats”“Bad Fats” Animal based foods,Animal based foods, meats (especially redmeats (especially red meats), dairy, palm oil, and coconut oil.meats), dairy, palm oil, and coconut oil. These fats are solid at room temperature.These fats are solid at room temperature. Trans fats-Trans fats- “Worst Fats”“Worst Fats” Fat changed throughFat changed through hydrogenationhydrogenation whichwhich causes vegetable oils to hardencauses vegetable oils to harden. Increases. Increases the shelf life of products. Margarine,the shelf life of products. Margarine, cookies, crackers, and many processedcookies, crackers, and many processed foods.foods.
    34. 34. Lesson 2 The non-energy nutrients
    35. 35. Vitamins Compounds in food that regulate bodyCompounds in food that regulate body processes.processes. Fat-Soluble vitamins-Fat-Soluble vitamins- Vitamins thatVitamins that are absorbed by fat and are stored inare absorbed by fat and are stored in the body. (ADE and K)the body. (ADE and K) Water-Soluble-Water-Soluble- Vitamins that areVitamins that are dissolved in water and into the blood.dissolved in water and into the blood. These cannot be stored in the body.These cannot be stored in the body.
    36. 36. Deficiency vs Toxicity Deficiency: When you don’t haveDeficiency: When you don’t have enough of a substance in your body.enough of a substance in your body. Toxicity: When you have too much ofToxicity: When you have too much of a substance in your body.a substance in your body.
    37. 37. Roles of Certain Vitamins A… Helps with night vision D… Helps use Calcium E… Helps repair tissue K… Helps clot blood B1… Helps body use carbs for energy C… Helps protect against infection
    38. 38. Minerals  Elements found in food that are used by the body.  Your body cannot produce minerals so they must be obtained from food.  If you don’t get enough vitamins or minerals you may develop a deficiency. (A sickness caused by not having enough of a vitamin or mineral.)
    39. 39. Roles of certain Minerals Calcium… Healthy bones and teeth Phosphorus… Produce energy Magnesium… Muscle and Nerve functions Iron… Helps red blood cells carry oxygen
    40. 40. Water Water is essential for all body functions – Digestion – Transporting nutrients – Storing and releasing heat – Cooling the body through sweating – Lubricating Joints 8 Glasses of water a day!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    41. 41. Good Nutrition In order to have good nutrition it’s not just about avoiding the bad things, but eating the right things.
    42. 42. Main Idea Educational Billboard Come up with a main idea from the lessons. Write your main idea on the board so we don’t have repeats Make a billboard of one 8x11 paper or word document. – 2+ sizes of font – Explains/States a main idea of the lesson – Eye Catching/Interesting
    43. 43. Insulin is the KEY and opensInsulin is the KEY and opens the door for glucose to be usedthe door for glucose to be used in our cells.in our cells.
    44. 44. WhenWhen GlucoseGlucose Levels Spike….Levels Spike…. Free Fatty Acids can’t dig it.Free Fatty Acids can’t dig it.
    45. 45. Activity  Get into a group of 2-4  In your group write a quiz of 15 questions from chapter 10 and what we talked about today.  Write the answers on the back of the quiz.  Trade quizzes with all members in your group and take each others quiz.  If you miss any questions mark it wrong and circle the response on the back.  TF, Multiple Choice, short answer, compare or contrast, fill in the blank.
    46. 46. Scavenger Hunt (Creativity) With your team of 2-3 you are going to create or find items to be an example of 10 terms or main ideas from the lesson. You can use whatever example you’d like as long as you can support very strongly why that item could represent that term. Split up the items and be prepared to explain each item. Show me… -List of 10 terms -Picture of 10 examples -Verbally tell me how they relate
    47. 47. Assignment Page 257 1-4 Page 265 1-4 Page 284 1-5, 10-16