3 non communicable diseases
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3 non communicable diseases

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3 non communicable diseases 3 non communicable diseases Presentation Transcript

  • NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES Diseases and Disorders 5:3 Mrs. Ngawaka Health
  • Non Communicable Diseases Definition: A disease that CANNOT be transmitted by people, vectors, or contaminated objects. Common Causes: CAN be caused by either Lifestyle, Genetic conditions or hazards in the Environment Examples -Cardiovascular Disease -Cancer -Allergies -Diabetes -Arthritis
  • Cardio Vascular Disease (CVD) A disease that effects the HEART, or BLOOD VESSELS. Cardio Vascular
  • Types of Cardiovascular Disease 1. Hypertension- High Blood Pressure ◦ Blood Pressure is the force pushing against the walls of the vessels. ◦ Puts added pressure on the heart and vessels and can cause damage.
  • Blood Pressure Systolic: Top number: amount of pressure put on the walls while the heart is beating. Diastolic: Bottom number: amount of pressure put on the walls while the heart is relaxed between beats.
  • Causes of Hypertension (Write 3)
  • Types of Cardiovascular Diseases 2. Atherosclerosis- A disease where you have plaque build up on artery walls. 3. Arteriosclerosis- A condition where you arteries become hardened or less elastic.
  • Leads to Problems with the heart 1. Angina Pectoris: Chest pain due to lack of oxygen to the heart. -Lasts anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes. 2. Arrhythmias: Irregular heartbeats -Skipping -Fast/Slow -Generally common but can cause problems.
  • Heart Problems 3. Ventricular Fibrillation- A type of arrhythmia where the electrical impulse that regulates the heart beat becomes rapid or irregular. -Most common cause of cardiac arrest
  • Heart Problems 4. Heart attack: When the heart muscle is damaged due to lack of oxygen. Warning Signs  Pressure or squeezing in chest  Pain spreading through arms, neck abdomen or back  Chest discomfort with shortness of breath
  • Heart Problems 5. Congestive Heart Failure  When the heart weakens and can no longer maintain it’s regular pumping rate of force. Causes -Heart attack -Atherosclerosis -high blood pressure -Illegal drugs
  • Problems in the Brain 1. Stroke: When an artery supplying blood to the brain bursts or is blocked. ◦ Cerebral Hemorrhage: stroke when a brain blood vessel bursts.
  • Diagnosis Electrocardiogram (EKG) produces a graph of the heart’s electrical activity.
  • Diagnosis Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) ◦ Uses powerful magnets to produce images of the heart.
  • Diagnosis Angiography ◦ Thin, flexible tube guided through blood vessels to the heart. ◦ Dye is injected and x rays are taken to look for obstructions in the heart.
  • Treatments Coronary Bypass ◦ Vein taken from other part of the body to bypass the blockage. • Angioplasty • Tube with balloon inserted to into blocked artery. Balloon inflated to push against walls. Then deflated and removed. Metal structure may be placed to remain. Angioplasty
  • Treatments Pacemaker: ◦ Implanted in chest and sends electrical impulses to the heart to make it beat regularly.
  • Risk Factors for Non Communicable Disease (Things that increase your chances of developing a disease) 1.  Poor Diet 2.  Lack of Exercise 3.  Stress 4.  Tobacco, Drugs, Alcohol 5.  Family History 6.  Environment
  • How to take your blood pressure          1. Sit quietly for 3-5 minutes 2. Place the cuff one inch above the bend of the elbow tight enough only to keep it from falling. 3.Place the disk of the stethoscope facedown under the cuff just to the inner side of your upper arm. 4. Place stethoscope in your ears. Place the gauge in the open palm of your cuffed arm so you can clearly see it. 5. Inflate the pump by squeezing it over and over with your opposite hand until the pump reads about 145. Turn the knob on the pump counterclockwise to let air out SLOWLY while you listen for heart sounds. 7. Remember the reading when you hear the first hearbeat. This is your systolic pressure. 8. Remember when you no longer hear a heart beat. This is your diastolic pressure.
  • Don’t do the rest of this power point
  • Diseases Project www.kidshealth.org               Hodgkin's Disease Types of Cancer Teens Get Cystic Fibrosis Canker Sores Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Allergies Asthma Muscular Dystrophy Osgood-Schlatter Disease Scoliosis Epilespsy Migraine Headaches Hypertension Cancer Basics Heart Disease Cerebral Palsy Breast Cancer Alcohol  (Alcoholism and health effects) Parkinson's Disease Kids and Eating Disorders How to Deal with Hemophelia Smoking Stinks Eek!  It's Eczema All About Eczema
  • Power Point Requirements 1. Title Page with name 2. 8 Slides of Organized Information     Slide Title Main Points/Summary Examples Picture if available 3. Bibliography Creative Visually Appealing Accurate Information
  • Work together!!!! Directions: In your notes work together to find the information to the following questions. Both partnerships need to write the question and answer in their own notes. Time: You have 15 minutes
  • Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Name and define CVD. What can happen if hypertension continues over a long period of time? How is a stroke similar to a heart attack? How is it different? How can you reduce your risks for developing a CVD? Explain how angioplasty works and describe what a stent is. What specific heart problem does this fix? What specific heart problem does an pacemaker correct? Get the book and write down 4 risk factors,4 preventative measures, and explain why they are important. What are 3 risk factors that are unavoidable?
  • Answers 1. Name and define CVD. -Cardiovascular disease: a disease that affects the heart or blood vessels. 1. What can happen if hypertension continues over a long period of time? -It can damage the heart, blood vessels or other organs and result in a much more serious condition. 1. How is a stroke similar to a heart attack? How is it different? -Both are caused by vascular problems, but a heart attack involves damage to the heart and a stroke involves damage to the brain. 1. How can you reduce your risks for developing a CVD? -You can reduce your risks by staying fit and eating healthy foods. 1. Explain how angioplasty works and describe what a stent is. What specific heart problem does this fix? -You insert a balloon into a persons vein where there is a blockage. Then inflate the balloon which enlarges the area. Then deflate and remove the balloon. Sometimes a metal wire cylinder is left behind which is a stent. This fixes atherosclerosis in particular.
  • Answers 6. What specific heart problem does an pacemaker correct and how? -arrhythmias because it helps to regulate the heart beat with electrical impulses. 7. Get the book and write down 4 risk factors,4 preventative measures, and explain why they are important. -page 693 in the book. 8. What are 3 risk factors that are unavoidable? -Heredity, gender, age