Health SkillSpecific tools and strategies to improve health. Decision Making Communication Skills Refusal Skills Conflict Resolution Skills Stress Management Goal Setting
Decision Making Making big decisions can be tough and you may feel overwhelmed wondering about what decision is right for you. The uncertainty of the consequences can cause nervousness. Sometimes both decisions would be good, but deciding which one is best can be hard. Many things can influence our decisions and make us feel pressure.
Decision MakingG ive thought to the problemR eview your choicesE valuate the consequences of eachoptionA ssess your valuesT ake action and Think it over afterwardWRITE THAT DOWN
Give thought to the problemAsk yourself questions about the problem•Who is involved?•Are you feeling pressure?•What is influencing my decision or options?•How much time do you have to decide?
Review your options• What are all the possible options? • List them• Who can I talk to about my options?• Do I need to research options?
Evaluate the consequences• What are all the possible consequences for each option.• There will be multiple consequences for each option.
Assess your values• What are your values?• What values are most important to you?• Do any of these choices go against your values?• Do any of these choices make you feel uncomfortable?
Think it over after wards• Think about the outcome of your decision.• Is this the outcome I expected?• How did this affect me?• How did this affect others?• Would I make the same decision again?• What would I change?• Were there any consequences I didn’t think of?
What are some specific benefits or advantages tomaking decisions using this method?
Situation A: Your friend has been spending a lot of time with a new “friend” of the oppositesex. They are starting to worry about their friendship, because she/he likes your friend in aromantic way and they do not feel the same way. They do not want to hurt their feelings, butalso dont want to give him or her the wrong idea. Write out a GREAT decision model to helpthem out.Situation B: Your best friend has been cutting classes a lot and acting differently than usual.You know your friends parents are splitting up and it has your friend pretty upset, but he/shehasnt been willing to talk to you about it and seems really distant. One day, you noticescratches and cut marks on your friends arm. Use the GREAT decision model to make adecision.Situation C: You go over to a friends house for dinner. His/her parents leave, and before youknow it your friends older brother has brought out a bottle of Vodka. You have never drunkalcohol before, and you are not really sure you want to. Your friend is encouraging you tohave some. Use the GREAT decision model to make a decision.Situation D: Your partner of six months asks you how you feel about sex. He/she reallywants to have sex with you. You feel pretty sure that you are not ready and would like to wait,but you are afraid that he/she will want to break up if you say no. Use the GREAT decisionmodel to make a decision. Share your GREAT decision
Direct Pressure: Indirect Pressure: Someone tries to Being swayed by convince you to do your thoughts, something you beliefs, or habits to normally wouldn’t. do something. Example: Your friend is Example: Your friend making fun of someone who does tries to talk you into skipping well in school then they later ask class. you what you got on a math test which you aced.
Identify the following for each scenario 1. Influence 2. Positive or Negative 3. Direct or Indirect PressureBe able to support your answer
Habits Jamie buys another expensive cell phone she canEsteem hardly afford because the model on the commercial is beautiful and says, “with this phoneValues I always stay connected to the ones I love.”Peers Media: Negative: IndirectMediaFamily Kirin wants to go snowboarding with her friends atFaith 5:30 AM, Saturday morning. She is used to goingEmotions back to sleep for an extra 30 minutes before school after her alarm goes off and she ends up missing her ride. Habits: Negative: Indirect
Emily decides not to smoke since she has seen how hard it has been for her grandpaHabits to quit smoking. (What if her grandpa toldEsteem her never to smoke while he was dying?)Values Family: Positive: IndirectPeers All Matt’s friends sneak into a movie, andMedia call him a wimp when he tries to go home.Family He sneaks in with them.Faith Peers: Negative: DirectEmotions Candace yells at her Mom because she’s angry about school. Her dad tells her “not to talk like that to her mother.” She realizes he’s right and she apologizes. Family: Positive: Direct
Health Skills1-4 Decision Making Refusal Skills Goal Setting
Refusal Skills Communication strategies that can help you say no when you are urged to take part in behaviors that are unsafe or unhealthful.
Think of a time in your life whenyou stood up for your values. Or a time when you didn’t do something because you knew you shouldn’t. What or Who was pressuring you to do this? What helped you not do it? How did you feel afterwards? How do you feel now looking back on it? What would you say you learned from this experience that you could tell others?
Refusal Skills1. Ask Questions2. Name the Trouble3. State Consequences4. Suggest Alternatives)5. Move it, Sell it, Leave the door open (Tell themwhere you’ll be and they can join if they wantUSE THESE IN ORDER 1-5
Name the Trouble That’s cheating That’s illegal That’s wrong That’s not very smart That could kill you That’s just wrong That won’t make you happy
State Consequences “That will make me sick.” “My Mom would ground me.” “That’s not a good idea, someone could get hurt.” “I don’t want to get in trouble.” “I could be suspended.” “
Suggest Alternatives“We could watch a movie at my house instead.”“I’m going to go get a slurpee.”“I think we should go play basketball instead.”“Let’s go play video games instead”“Let’s go to the mall instead.”
Move it, Sell it,Leave the door open “Hey well I’m going to go get a slurpee and watch a movie at my house. You can come if you like. Just call me.”
Make a Skit Using the 5 Refusal Skills1. Setting and Problem Take a minute to set up the scene, characters, and the problem or situation. (High School, Mall, Car, Fairytale, Hollywood, Family of Bears in the woods, movie set)1. Use all 5 steps in order2. Positive Example/Result of using the refusal skills3. Must be decent, tactful, inoffensive, and CREATIVE.4. 2-4 Minutes, everyone is involved, parts are memorized.5 points per number
Goal- Something you work for and hope to achieve.
What are some goals you have achieved? Why is it important to set HEALTH goals now? What helps you be more likely to achieve your goals.
a multi-step strategy to identify and achieve your goals. 1. WRITE: Put your goals in writing. Be specific. 2. SMALL GOALS: List what you will do to reach your goal. (3 short term goals) 1. SUPPORT: List 2 sources of help and support 2. DEADLINE: Set a time to reach your goal by 3. CHECK POINTS: Set up 2 check points to reach your goal (Goal Check Journals) (Set up your own reminders) 1. REWARD: Give yourself a reward once you have achieved your goal.
Students will write their own action plan for a REAL and ATTAINABLE goal. This goal needs to have a definite line for success or failure. Students will work on their goal for the entire quarter and will report on whether they succeeded or failed. Students will only receive full credit if they met their goal. If they did not meet their goal they can write another goal that is more attainable and reach that for full credit. PROOF is required for goals that are met. Ex. Proof of weight loss, proof of mile time improvement, report card, video of a learned trick, a note from a parent or coach. Time line- Due Date
Complete Action Plan with all areas…..10 Typed up journal of check points….10 ½ Page written on why you chose your goal, how you accomplished or did not accomplish it, and what you think will help you set and achieve more goals in the future….10 Proof of the results of your goal….10 You attained your goal…10 TOTAL 50 pts
1. Run a mile in 6 min 20 seconds.2. A. Run for 30 minutes 3x per week B. Drink 4 bottles of water each day C. Eat 3 balanced meals per day.3. Mom- she can run with me. Sister-Tests my mile run 2x B4 my deadline.3. November 1st4. Run a mile 1x every 3 weeks.5. Go out and buy a new shirt.
Work the rest of class on any assignments that will be due soon