People Power in Your Pocket
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People Power in Your Pocket

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The phone industry's move to open source operating systems is an opportunity for concerned individuals to implement functionality that the phone manufacturers and network operators can't or won't......

The phone industry's move to open source operating systems is an opportunity for concerned individuals to implement functionality that the phone manufacturers and network operators can't or won't do themselves and touch the lives of millions of people. This presentation covers specific opportunities for enhancing phone users' security and privacy, redressing the balance of power between individuals and faceless organisations.

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  • “Information asymmetry” is an economic term, referring to transactions in which one party has more, or better, information than the other.

Transcript

  • 1. “People Power in Your Pocket” Opportunities for Privacy Enhancing Technology Craig Heath Chief Security Technologist Symbian Foundation
  • 2. What is the World’s Most Widely Used Open Source Personal Computing Platform?  Not Linux  not a big success on the desktop – probably less than 50M users  not on phones either – less than 20M Android users so far?  Not anything on a PC  worldwide, more people are accessing the internet via phones  World’s most popular smartphone platform is open source  cumulative Symbian shipments top 350 million  still shipping more units every day than Android or iPhone 2
  • 3. How to Enhance Privacy and Security?  Two areas of interest for end-user security:  Correcting “information asymmetries” to benefit consumers  Better management of personal information  Four projects that phone manufacturers are unlikely to do:  NOTARISED CALL RECORDING  service providers record your call so why don't you?  PRE-ADVICE OF PREMIUM-RATE CHARGES  data is available, why not present it to the consumer?  SIMPLE PERSONAL DATA SHARING CONTROLS (metadata)  most social networking services do a bad job on this  KEEPING CONTROL OF YOUR OWN IDENTITY (VRM, Mydex)  not having to rely on service providers to “do the right thing” 3
  • 4. Notarised Call Recording  “Reciprocal Surveillance” – who watches the watchers?  When you call a utility company, do you hear “this call may be recorded”?  it’s being recorded for their benefit, not yours  Have you ever been told they will do something, but when you call back: “I’m sorry, I have no record of that”?  probably they do, but you can’t prove it: information asymmetry  Even a simple recording would help, along with the call log  but unlikely to be good enough evidence to use in court  Could combine this with a digital notary  take a hash of the recording (prevents future tampering)  have the hash signed by a trusted third party with a time stamp  proves that the recording was made at or before that time 4
  • 5. Pre-Advice of Premium-Rate Charges  Premium rate voice and SMS service providers in the UK are required by law to advise consumers of their charges in advance  but they haven’t always done this is the most obvious way  malware isn’t going to respect this  In the UK, you can discover the charges with a free SMS (76787)  also available as a web-based online number checker  but I doubt many people use this regularly  It would be much more useful if your phone did this for you  how about a filter to check the numbers your phone is calling and texting, and warn you before the call is made if it’s premium rate?  “allow this application to spend 50p?” is far more useful than “allow this application to make phone calls and send text messages?”  Could be extended to enforce rules, e.g.  allow this application to spend up to £5  allow this application to send 2 texts per day 5
  • 6. Simple Personal Data Sharing Controls  The Symbian platform has the notion of “user data”, and the ReadUserData and WriteUserData capabilities  doesn’t, however, identify which user data is intended to be shared and which to be kept private  Could borrow the concept of “sensitivity labels” from the classic MLS (Multi-Level Secure) orange book systems  principle is that the sensitivity label is indivisible from the data  Labels could be set in one application (e.g. the camera app) and then acted upon in another (e.g. a file sharing app)  should be preserved even when files are moved or copied  Should be useful (essential?) for the Social Mobile Framework  but it currently isn’t (“you can trust us” attitude?) 6
  • 7. Keeping Control of Your Own Identity  “Vendor Relationship Management” (VRM) – reciprocal of “Customer Relationship Management” (CRM)  shouldn’t have to rely on vendors to manage your privacy  they may “do the right thing” but you shouldn’t have to trust them  projectvrm.org: VRM Principles  quick summary:  customers should always be in control of their own data  customers should be able to set their own “terms of engagement”  Based on web services standards for identity management  “user-driven identity” – OpenID / Information Cards  mydex.org – pilot project in the UK for local government  looking for volunteers to implement a Symbian client 7
  • 8. Over to You! Any Questions? http://developer.symbian.org/mailman/listinfo/privacy 8