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Introduction to medical terminology
 

Introduction to medical terminology

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hss edition 11-2009

hss edition 11-2009

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  • The problem is when there are not used in a consistent way across organisations leading to mistakes that may compromise patients wealth .
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  • This slide is excellent as are all the slides on medical terms and terminologies!!! Is there a way for me to have those slides in PDF versions? Thanks for letting me know at ftchikaya@hotmail.com
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  • Can anyone think of any other everyday terms?
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Introduction to medical terminology   Introduction to medical terminology Presentation Transcript

  •  
  • Introduction LESSON #1 When in doubt of the terminology, tell your patients they’re very sick.
  • MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
    • The words – or terms – which make up the language of medicine are referred to as the terminology of the medical field…known as medical terminology.
    • Like every other language, medical terminology has changed over time and will continue to change.
    • Most medical terms come from the Greek and Latin languages.
  • How It Works
    • Most medical terms can be broken down into parts like a sentence.
    • Common word parts/components:
          • Prefixes / Roots or Words / Suffixes
    • Linking or combining vowel usually “ o ”, but occasionally “ e ” or “ i ”.
    • The medical terms will contain one or more of these components.
  • PREFIX
    • A prefix is a word component placed in front of a root/word to change or modify its meaning.
    • A prefix can give a root direction or position. It can also give a root a specific type/ classification, quality, or quantity.
  • Common Prefixes
    • Ab- away from midline
    • Acu- needle
    • Anti- against
    • Auto- self
    • Bi- two, both, double
    • Dys- abnormal, bad, painful
    • Hemi- half
    • Hetero- opposite, different
    • Homo- same, similar
    • Hyster- uterus
    • Men- menstruation
    • Quadri- four
    • Re- back, again
    • Super- above, beyond
    • Tri- three
  • More Prefixes!
    • A-, An- without, none
    • Ad- toward/near midline
    • Acro- extremities
    • Ambi- on both sides
    • Bio- life
    • Brady- slow
    • Circum- around, encircling
    • Contra- against
    • Dys- difficult, painful, bad, abnormal
    • Endo- within
    • Epi- upon, over, above
    • Ex- out, out of
    • Hyper- excessive, above, too much, over, beyond
    • Hypo- less than, under, below, deficient
  • PREFIXES continued
    • Hydro- fluid, water
    • Inter- between
    • Intra- within
    • Iso- equal
    • Mal- ill, bad
    • Meta- after, beyond, change
    • Multi- many, more than one
    • Neo- new or abnormal
    • Poly- many, much
    • Post- after, behind
    • Pro- before, in front of, forward
    • Retro- behind, backward
    • Sub- under, below, beneath
    • Supra- above, on the top side
    • Tachy- fast
    • Trans- across, over
  • SUFFIX
    • A suffix is a word component added to the end of a root/word that changes or modifies its usage, function, or meaning.
  • SUFFIXES: Surgical Procedures
    • -centesis – to puncture/tap to draw fluid from
    • -desis – surgical fixation, fusion
    • -ectomy – excision, removal, cut out
    • -pexy - fixation
    • - plasty – surgical repair, correction
    • -rrhaphy – suture
    • -sect – to cut
    • -stomy – forming a new opening
    • -tome – instrument for cutting
    • -tomy – incision into, cut into
    • -tripsy – to crush, break down
    • -puncture – to pierce a surface
    Moe, after the bandages come off and the wounds heal, you’ll still be a pig.
  • SUFFIXES: diagnostic procedures
    • -assay – examine, analyze
    • -gram – written record, recording
    • -graph – instrument for recording
    • -graphy – process of recording
    • -manometer – instrument for measuring pressure
    • -manometry – process of measuring pressure
    • -meter – instrument for measuring
    • -metery – process of measuring
    • -opsy – to view
    • -scope - instrument for examining
    • -scopy – process of examining, examination
  • SUFFIXES: 5 rrh’s
    • -rrhagia – excessive flow, profuse fluid discharge
    • -rrhage – excessive flow, profuse fluid discharge
    • -rrhaphy – suture
    • -rrhea – flow, discharge
    • -rrhexis - rupture
  • SUFFIXES: pertaining to…
    • Suffixes that all mean pertaining to:
        • -ac (cardiac)
        • -al (dental)
        • -ar (tonsilar)
        • -ary (pulmonary)
        • -ia (bradycardia)
        • -ic (gastric)
        • -ical (chemical)
        • -ium (cardium)
        • -ous (mucous)
        • -tic (pancreatic)
        • -us (hydrocephalus)
  • More Suffixes!
    • -algia, -algesia – pain
    • -cele – herniation, swelling
    • -cide – killing, agent that kills
    • -cyte - cell
    • -emia – blood condition
    • -ism – condition, disease
    • -ist – specialist
    • -itis – inflammation
    • -logist – one who studies, specialist
    • -logia, -logy – the study of
    • -lysis – destruction, break down
    • -megaly – enlarged
    • -oid – resembling, like
  • MORE SUFFIXES
    • - oma – tumor, mass
    • -opia, -opsia – vision
    • -osis – condition of
    • -pathy – disease
    • -plasm – growth/formation of tissue
    • -pnea – breath, breathing
    • -porosis – porous, decrease in density
    • -ptosis – drooping, prolapsed
    • -ptysis – spitting, spit up
    • -spasm – twitching, involuntary contraction
    • -therapy – treatment
  • ROOT
    • A root is the basic element of a word, and it is the foundation on which the meaning of a word is built.
    • Many roots are real words in their own right and term. Although these roots can have other elements, they don't need other elements to be complete. A root can be a whole word or a part of a word. Roots come from many different languages, mainly Greek and Latin, and find their way into English.
  • Rules!
    • To define medical terms, divide or slash them into their component parts; these word components are called prefixes, suffixes, and roots.
    • Use the hyphen ( - ) after the word component to indicate that it is a prefix; use it after the combining form to indicate that it needs a suffix; use it before the word component to indicate it is a suffix.
    • For example: Epi-gastr/o/-cele
  • More Rules!
    • Use the combining vowel “o” when a suffix begins with a consonant. i.e Termin/o/logy
    • Use the combining vowel “o” when combining two roots only if the second root begins with a consonant. i.e. Pneum/o/thorax
    • Do not use the combining vowel “o” if you are combining a second root that begins with a vowel or a suffix that begins with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y). i.e. Pneum/arthr/osis
    • Add –y to a word to indicate a procedure (gastroscopy) or –ly to indicate an act or process (splenomegaly).
  • And More Rules!!
    • The suffix –osis always denotes a condition (usually abnormal). When combined with the color roots erythr/o- (red) and leuk/o- (white), it represents a condition of abnormally increased blood cells.
    • Most of the time, word components denoting color are used as prefixes. However, sometimes they are the root of the medical term.
  • ROOTS: Colors
    • Alb/o, Albin/o, Leuk/o – white
    • Chlor/o – green
    • Cirrh/o – orange-yellow
    • Cyan/o – blue
    • Eosin/o, Erythr/o, Rhod/o, Rose/o, Rubr/i/o – red, rosy
    • Flav/o, Jaund/o, Lute/o, Xanth/o – yellow
    • Fusc/o – dark brown
    • Glauc/o – gray, bluish greenan/o – black
    • Poli/o, Tephr/o – gray, ashen
    • Purpur/i - purple
  • THE BODY
    • BLOOD
    • CARDIOVASCULAR
    • ENDOCRINE
    • GASTROINTESTINAL
    • INTEGUMENTARY
    • LYMPHATIC/IMMUNE
    • MUSCULAR
    • NERVOUS
    • REPRODUCTIVE – FEMALE
    • REPRODUCTIVE – MALE
    • RESPIRATORY
    • SENSES (5)
    • SKELETAL
    • URINARY
  • BLOOD SYSTEM
    • Agglutin/o – clumping
    • Amyl/o - starch
    • Anis/o – unequal
    • Angi/o – blood/ lymph vessels
    • Arteri/o - artery
    • Bas/o, basi/o – base, foundation
    • Coagul/o – coagulation, clotting
    • Eosin/o – red, rosy, dawn
    • Erythr/o – red
    • Ferr/i, ferr/o – iron
    • Granul/o – granules
    • Haem/a, hem/o, hemat/o - blood
  • BLOOD SYSTEM
    • Kal/i – potassium
    • Leuk/o – white
    • Myel/o – bone marrow, spinal cord
    • Natr/o – sodium
    • Neutr/o –neutral
    • Norm/o – normal, usual
    • Phleb/o - vein
    • Phosphat/o – phosphate
    • Poikil/o – variation, irregular
    • Pykn/o, pycn/o – thick, dense
    • Rhod/o – red, rosy
  • BLOOD SYSTEM
    • Sangu/i, sanguin/o – blood
    • Sapr/o – rotten, decay
    • Schist/o – split, cleft
    • Ser/o – serum, serous
    • Sider/o – iron
    • Spher/o – round, sphere
    • Strept/o – twisted, curved
    • Thromb/o – clot, thrombus
    • Vas/o, vascul/o – blood vessel
    • Ven/o - vein
  • PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
    • Hem/o/lysis - ______________________
    • Hyper/kal/emia - ___________________
    • Thromb/o/pheresis - ________________
    • Hyp/o/volemia - ____________________
    • Erythr/o/cyte - _____________________
    • Phleb/itis - ________________________
    • Hemat/o/logy - _____________________
    ©2009 by Flex Ed All Rights Reserved
  • PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
    • Hem/o/lysis –
    • Hyper/kal/emia –
    • Thromb/o/pheresis -
    • Hyp/o/volemia –
    • Erythr/o/cyte –
    • Phleb/itis –
    • Hemat/o/logy -
    • Blood breakdown
    • Excess potassium in the blood
    • Clot removal
    • Low blood volume
    • Red blood cell
    • Vein inflammation
    • Study of blood
  • CARDIOVASCULAR
    • Cardium – the heart
    • Cardi/o – heart
    • Angi/o – vessel
    • Aort/o – aorta
    • Arteri/o - artery
    • Ather/o – fatty substance, plaque
    • Atri/o – atrium
    • Coron/o – heart
    • Embol/o – embolus, clot
    • Isch/o – supress, restraint
    • Mi/o – less, smaller
    • My/o - muscle
  • CARDIOVASCULAR
    • Palpit/o, palpitat/o – flutter, throbbing
    • Rhe/o – flow, current, stream
    • Sphygm/o – pulse
    • Tel/e – distant, far, end
    • Valv/o, valvul/o – valve
    • Varic/o – varicose veins
    • Vas/o, vascul/o – vessel
    • Ven/o – vein
    • Ventricul/o – heart/ brain ventricle
    • Venul/o - venule
  • PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
    • Cardi/o/megaly - ____________________
    • Cardi/o/my/o/pathy - _________________
    • Brady/card/ia - _____________________
    • Tachy/card/ia - _____________________
    • Peri/card/ium - _____________________
    • My/o/card/ia - ______________________
    • Sphygm/o/man/o/meter - _____________
    • Arteri/o/scler/osis - __________________
  • PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
    • Cardi/o/megaly -
    • Cardi/o/my/o/pathy
    • Brady/card/ia -
    • Tachy/card/ia -
    • Peri/card/ium -
    • My/o/card/ia -
    • Sphygm/o/man/o/meter -
    • Arteri/o/scler/osis -
    • Enlarged heart
    • Heart muscle disease
    • Slow heart rate
    • Fast heart rate
    • Sac around the heart
    • Heart muscle
    • Blood pressure cuff
    • Hardening of the arteries
  • DIRECTIONAL TERMS
    • Medial, Medi/o – midline, toward the center (middle)
    • Lateral, Later/o – towards the side, away from the midline
    • Superior, Super/o – above, over
    • Inferior, Infer/o – below, under
    • Proximal, Proxim/o – near, closest to the origin
    • Distal, Dist/o – away from, farthest from the origin
  • DIRECTIONAL TERMS
    • Cranial, crani/o – toward the head
    • Caudal, caud/o – toward the back or tail
    • Dorsal, dors/o – near upper surface, back
    • Ventral, ver/o – toward the bottom, front
    • Posterior, poster/o – back, behind, after, toward the rear
    • Anterior, anter/o – front, in front of
  • PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
    • Mediosuperior –
    • Inferolateral –
    • Laterosuperior –
    • Inferomedial –
    • Posterosuperior –
    • Anterolateral –
    • Posteromedial –
    • Proximolateral -
  • PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
    • Mediosuperior –
    • Inferolateral –
    • Laterosuperior –
    • Inferomedial –
    • Posterosuperior –
    • Anterolateral –
    • Posteromedial –
    • Proximolateral -
    Middle, upper Below, to the side To the side, upper Below, middle Back, upper Front, to the side Back, middle Closest to the point of origin, to the side
  • ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
    • Acr/o – extremities
    • Aden/o – gland
    • Adren/o – adrenal glands
    • Cortic/o – cortex
    • Crin/o – secrete, separate
    • Gluc/o, glyc/o – glucose, sugar
    • Hirsut/o – hairy
    • Hormon/o – hormone
    • Hidr/o - sweat
    • Sial/o - saliva
    • Thym/o – thymus gland
    • Thyr/o, thyriod/o – thyroid gland
    • Tox/o, toxic/o – poison, toxins
    • Troph/o – growth, nourishment
  • MATCH THE TERMS
    • Adrenalectomy
    • Adrenalitis
    • Pancreatalgia
    • Pancreatolith
    • Corticoadrenal
    • Crinogenic
    • Hirsutism
    • Hormonopoiesis
    • Pinealopathy
    • Pancreatic stone
    • Pertaining to the cortex adrenal glands
    • Condition of being hairy
    • Removal of adrenal glands
    • Hormone formation
    • Disease of the pineal gland
    • Pain in the pancreas
    • Inflammed adrenal glands
    • Production of secretions
  • MATCH THE TERMS
    • Adrenalectomy
    • Adrenalitis
    • Pancreatalgia
    • Pancreatolith
    • Corticoadrenal
    • Crinogenic
    • Hirsutism
    • Hormonopoiesis
    • Pinealopathy
    • Removal of adrenal glands
    • Inflammed adrenal glands
    • Pain in the pancreas
    • Pancreatic stone
    • Cortex and adrenal glands
    • Production of secretions
    • Condition of being hairy
    • Hormone formation
    • Disease of the pineal gland
  • GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM
    • Abdomin/o – abdomen
    • Amyl/o – starch
    • An/o – anus
    • Bil/i – bile
    • Bucc/o – cheek
    • Cec/o – cecum
    • Celi/o – abdomen
    • Chol/e – gall, bile
    • Cholecyst/o - gallbladder
    • Col/o – colon
    • Dent/i - tooth
  • GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM
    • Dips/o – thirst
    • Duoden/o – doudenum
    • Enter/o – intestines
    • Esophag/o – esophogus
    • Gastr/o – stomach
    • Gingiv/o – gums
    • Gloss/o – tongue
    • Hepat/o – liver
    • Ile/o – ileum
    • Jejun/o - jejunum
    Please pass the thingy for the thingy.
  • GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM
    • Lapar/o – abdominal wall
    • Lingu/o – tongue
    • Odont/o – tooth
    • Or/o – mouth
    • Orth/o – straight, normal, correct
    • Palat/o – palate
    • Peps/o - digestion
    • Peritone/o – peritoneum
    • Phag/o – eating, ingestion
    • Proct/o – rectum, anus
    • Ptyal/o, sial/o – saliva
    • Pyr/o – heat, fever, fire
    • Rect/o – rectum
    • Sigmoid/o – sigmoid colon
    • Staphyl/o – uvula
    • Stomat/o - mouth
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS
    • Cholescystectomy - _______________________
    • Colonoscopy - ____________________________
    • Hepatomegaly - __________________________
    • Abdominocentesis - _______________________
    • Biligenesis – _____________________________
    • Colostomy - _____________________________
    • Enteroclysis - ____________________________
    • Esophagocele - ___________________________
    • Epigastric - ______________________________
    • Gingivitis - ______________________________
    • Laparoscope - ____________________________
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS
    • Cholescystectomy
    • Colonoscopy
    • Hepatomegaly
    • Abdominocentesis
    • Biligenesis
    • Colostomy
    • Enteroclysis
    • Esophagocele
    • Epigastric
    • Gingivitis
    • Laparoscope
    • Removal of the gallbladder
    • Examination of the colon
    • Enlarged liver
    • To draw fluid from the abdomen
    • The production of bile
    • Forming an opening between the colon and the abdominal wall
    • Irrigation/washing of the intestines
    • Swelling/herniation of esophagus
    • Pertaining to above the stomach
    • Inflammed gums
    • Instrument to examine abdomen
  • INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
    • Acanth/o – thorny, spiny
    • Actin/o – ray, radiation
    • Brom/o – odor
    • Caus/o, cauter/o – burn
    • Chrom/o – color
    • Chrys/o – gold
    • Cutane/o – skin
    • Derm/o, dermat/o – skin
    • Erythem/o – flushed, redness
    • Eschar/o – scab
    • Hidr/o, sud/o - sweat
  • INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
    • Lepid/o – flakes, scales
    • Lepr/o – leprosy
    • Onych/o, Ungu/o – nail
    • Papul/o – papule, pimple, acne
    • Perspir/o – breathe through
    • Pil/o, Trich/o – hair
    • Prurit/o, Psor/o – itching
    • Py/o – pus
    • Rhytid/o – wrinkle
    • Seb/o – sebum
    • Steat/o – fat
    • Ul/o – scar, scarring
    • Verruc/i – wart
    • Xer/o - dry
  • MATCH THE TERMS
    • Causalgia
    • Dermatopathy
    • Escharectomy
    • Onychomycosis
    • Lepidosis
    • Dermatitis
    • Xeroderma
    • Papulosis
    • Verrucosis
    • Hyperulosis
    • Condition of fungal nails
    • Removal of a scab
    • Burning pain
    • Skin inflammation
    • Skin disease
    • Condition of pimples, acne
    • Condition of flaky skin
    • Excessive scarring
    • Dry skin
    • Condition of warts
  • LYMPHATIC/IMMUNE SYSTEM
    • Adenoid/o – adenoids
    • Axill/o – armpit
    • Immun/o – protection, immune
    • Lien/o – spleen
    • Lymph/o – lymph
    • Lymphaden/o – lymph nodes
    • Nod/o – knot
    • Ple/o - more
    • Sarc/o – flesh
    • Septic/o –the immune response to a severe infection, putrefaction
    • Splen/o – spleen
    • Tetan/o – tetanus
    • Tonsill/o – tonsils
    • Top/o – particular place or area
    • Vaccin/o - vaccine
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS
    • Axillary lymphadenitis - ______________
    • Lymphedema - _____________________
    • Splenemphraxis - ___________________
    • Lymphangiophlebitis - ________________
    • Prophylaxis - _______________________
    • Septicemia - _______________________
    • Tonsillitis - ________________________
    • Lienomalacia - ______________________
    • Nodular - __________________________
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS
    • Axillary lymphadenitis
    • Lymphedema
    • Splenemphraxis
    • Lymphangio- phlebitis
    • Prophylaxis
    • Septicemia
    • Tonsillitis
    • Lienomalacia
    • Nodular
    • Inflammation of the lymph nodes in the armpits
    • Lymph swelling
    • Spleen obstruction
    • Venous inflammation of the lymphatic vessels
    • Prevention of a disease
    • Immune response to a severe blood infection
    • Inflammation of the tonsils
    • Softening of the spleen
    • Pertaining to knots
  • MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
    • Asthen/o - weakness
    • Aux/o – growth, acceleration
    • Erg/o – work
    • Fasci/o –fascia, connective tissue
    • Fibr/o – fiber, fibrous
    • Flect/o, flex/o – bend
    • Kinesi/o – movement
    • Lei/o –smooth
    • Ligament/o – ligament
    • Muscul/o, my/o, myos/o – muscle
  • MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
    • Pale/o – old
    • Pyg/o – buttock
    • Rhabd/o - rod
    • Rhabdomy/o - skeletal muscle
    • Rot/o, Rotat/o – turn, rotate, revolve
    • Sthen/o – strength
    • Syndesm/o – ligament, connective tissue
    • Ten/o, Tenont/o – tendon
    • Therapeut/o – treatment
    • Ton/o – tone, tension
  • MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
    • Ankyl/o – stiff, crooked, bent
    • Arthr/o, Articul/o – joint
    • Brachi/o – arm
    • Burs/o – bursa
    • Calcane/o – heel
    • Carp/o – wrist
    • Centr/o – center
    • Cephal/o – head
    • Cervic/o – cervix, neck of the uterus
    • Cheir/o, Chir/o – hand
    • Chondr/o - cartilage
  • MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
    • Cleid/o – clavicle
    • Coccyg/o – coccyx, tailbone
    • Cost/o – rib
    • Cox/o – hip
    • Crani/o – skull
    • Cubit/o – elbow, forearm
    • Dactyl/o – digit of finger/toe
    • Dent/o – tooth, teeth
    • Faci/o – face
    • Femor/o – femur
    • Fibul/o – fibula, small calf bone
    • Geni/o – chin
  • MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
    • Gnath/o – jaw
    • Gnos/o – knowledge
    • Goni/o – angle
    • Gyr/o – circle, spiral
    • Humer/o – humerus, upper arm bone
    • Ili/o – ilium, bone in pelvis
    • Ischi/o – ischium, lower back hip bone
    • Kyph/o – humpback
    • Lamin/o – lamina, plate or layer
    • Lip/o – fat
    • Lord/o – curvature, bending
    • Lox/o – oblique, slanting
    • Lumb/o – lower back, loin
  • MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
    • Maxill/o – maxilla, upper jaw
    • Mel/o – limb, limbs
    • Om/o – shoulder
    • Opisth/o – backward, behind
    • Oste/o – bone
    • Patell/o – patella, knee cap
    • Ped/o, pod/o – foot
    • Pelv/i – pelvis
    • Perone/o – fibula, small calf bone
    • Petr/o – stone
    • Phalang/o – phalanges, finger/ toe bones
  • MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
    • Pub/o – pubis
    • Rachi/o – spine
    • Sacr/o – sacrum, triangular bone @ bottom of spine & back of pelvic cavity
    • Scapul/o – scapula, shoulder blade
    • Scoli/o – crooked, twisted
    • Skelet/o – skeleton
    • Spin/o – spinal cord, spine
    • Spondyl/o – vertebrae, spinal cord
    • Stern/o – sternum
    • Synov/o – synovia, joint fluid membrane
    • Tal/o – talus, bone connecting leg to foot
    • Tars/o – tarsus, foot bone, edge of eyelid
    • Tibi/o – tibia, large calf bone
    • Vertebr/o – vertebra
    • Xiph/o – sword-shaped, xiphoid
  • MATCH THE TERMS
    • Bursitis
    • Hydrocephalus
    • Lipochondroma
    • Intercostal
    • Myasthenia
    • Pygalgia
    • Arthritis
    • Craniotomy
    • Kyphoscoliosis
    • Myocarcinoma
    • e
    • h
    • j
    • a
    • d
    • b
    • f
    • c
    • g
    • i
    a. Between ribs b. Pain in the buttocks c. Cut into skull d. Muscle weakness e. Inflammation of bursa f. Joint inflammation g. Humpback/crooked spine h. Fluid in the head i. Cancer tumor in muscle j. Tumor of fat & cartilage
  • NERVOUS SYSTEM
    • Astr/o – star
    • Atel/o – incomplete, imperfect
    • Cerebell/o – cerebellum
    • Cerebr/o – cerebrum, brain
    • Drom/o – running
    • Encephal/o – brain
    • Esthesi/o – sensation, feeling
    • Gangli/o, Ganglion/o – a cyst on/around joint/tendon
    • Gli/o – glue, neuroglia
    • Heli/o – sun
    • Hydr/o – water, hydrogen
    • Keraun/o – lightning
    • Log/o – word, speech, thought
    • Mening/o – meninges, membranes
    • Ment/o – mind
    • Myel/o – spinal cord, bone marrow
  • NERVOUS SYSTEM
    • Narc/o – numbness, stupor
    • Neur/o – nerve
    • Phaner/o – visible, apparent
    • Phob/o – fear, aversion
    • Phren/o – mind, diaphragm
    • Picr/o – bitter
    • Pies/i – pressure
    • Pleg/o - paralyzed
    • Poli/o – gray (matter)
    • Por/o – opening, passageway
    • Psych/o – mind
    • Psychr/o – cold
    • Radicul/o – nerve root
    • Rhiz/o – root
    • Schiz/o – split, division
    • Somn/i – sleep
    • Syring/o – tube, fistula
    • Tax/o – coordination
    • Tel/o – end
    • Tephr/o – gray (ashen)
    • Thanat/o – death
    • Thec/o – sheath
    • Vag/o – vagus nerve
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS
    • Atelomyelia - ____________________________
    • Cerebellospinal - _________________________
    • Encephalomalacia - _______________________
    • Esthesioneurosis - ________________________
    • Gliocyte - _______________________________
    • Hypnotic - _______________________________
    • Insomnia - ______________________________
    • Meningocele - ___________________________
    • Myelocele - _____________________________
    • Neurotripsy - ____________________________
    • Vagolysis - ______________________________
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS
    • Atelomyelia
    • Cerebellospinal
    • Encephalomalacia
    • Esthesioneurosis
    • Gliocyte
    • Hypnotic
    • Insomnia
    • Meningocele
    • Myelocele
    • Neurotripsy
    • Vagolysis
    • Imperfect spinal cord
    • Pertaining to cerebellum/spine
    • Softening of the brain
    • Condition of nerve sensation
    • Cell glue
    • Pertaining to sleep
    • Condition of not sleeping
    • Membrane swelling/herniation
    • Spinal cord swelling/herniation
    • Nerve break down
    • Vagus nerve destruction
  • Reproductive System: FEMALE
    • Amni/o – sac around the embryo
    • Cervic/o –neck of the uterus, cervix
    • Chor/i – chorion, two layers that surround the embryo/amniotic sac and other membranes
    • Colp/o, vagin/o – vagina
    • Culd/o – cul-de-sac
    • Embry/o – embryo, fetus
    • Episi/o, vulv/o – vulva
    • Fet/o – fetus
    • Galact/o, lact/o – milk
    • Gravid/o - pregnancy
    • Gynec/o – woman
  • Reproductive System: FEMALE
    • Helc/o – ulcer
    • Hymen/o – hymen, membrane that surrounds the vaginal opening
    • Hyster/o, uter/o – uterus
    • Lecith/o – yolk, ovum
    • Mamm/o – mammary glands in breast
    • Mast/o – breast
    • Men/o – menses, menstruation
    • Metr/o – uterus
    • Nat/o – birth
    • O/o, ov/i, ov/o – egg, ovum
    • Obstetr/o – midwife
  • FEMALE Continued
    • Omphal/o – navel
    • Oophor/o, ovari/o – ovary
    • Perine/o – perineum, surface area between the pubic arch, the tailbone, & the legs (male or female)
    • Per/o – deformed, maimed
    • Sacchar/o – sugar
    • Salping/o – fallopian tubes
    • Terat/o – monster, wonder
    • Thel/o – nipple
    • Toc/o – childbirth, labor
    • Tub/o – tube
    • Viv/i – life, alive
  • MATCH THE TERMS
    • Amniocentesis
    • Cervicovaginitis
    • Ovariocyesis
    • Episiostenosis
    • Hysterosalpingoophor-ectomy
    • Lactorrhea
    • Menopause
    • Menorrhagia
    • Neonatology
    • Septipara
    • a. hardening of the vulva
    • b. milk discharge
    • c. study of new birth
    • d. to puncture/tap into the wall of the uterus to draw out amniotic fluid
    • e. menstrual cessation
    • f. seven pregnancies
    • g. excessive menstrual flow
    • h. inflamed cervix and vagina
    • i. removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
    • j. pregnancy in an ovary
    d. h. j. a. i. b. e. g. c. f.
  • Reproductive System: MALE
    • Andr/o – male
    • Balan/o – glans penis, tip of the penis
    • Blenn/o - mucus
    • Crypt/o – hidden, concealed
    • Epididym/o – epididymis
    • Genit/o – reproduction
    • Gon/o – genitals, semen
    • Gonad/o – gonads, primary reproductive organs (testes-male, ovaries-female)
    • Inguin/o - groin
    • Olig/o – scanty, few, little
    • Orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o – testis
  • Reproductive System: MALE
    • Osche/o – scrotum
    • Phall/o – penis
    • Phim/o – muzzle
    • Prostat/o – prostate glands
    • Semen/i - semen
    • Sperm/o, spermat/o – sperm, spermatozoa
    • Test/o, testicul/o – testis
    • Vas/o – vas deferens, vessel
    • Venere/o – sexual intercourse
    • Vesicul/o – seminal vesicle, gland that produces 70% of the fluid that becomes semen
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS
    • Balanoblennorrhea - _________________
    • Gonorrhea - _______________________
    • Oligospermia - _____________________
    • Orchidynia - _______________________
    • Oscheoplasty - _____________________
    • Phallemphraxis - ____________________
    • Spermicide - _______________________
    • Vasectomy - _______________________
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS
    • Balanoblennorrhea
    • Gonorrhea
    • Oligospermia
    • Orchidynia
    • Oscheoplasty
    • Phallemphraxis
    • Spermicide
    • Vasectomy
    • Mucus discharge from the glans penis
    • Genital discharge
    • Pertaining to low sperm
    • Pain in the testis
    • Scrotum corrective surgery
    • Penis obstruction
    • Sperm killer
    • Removal of vas deferens
  • RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
    • Alveol/o – alveolus
    • Aspir/o, aspirat/o – inhaling, removal
    • Blenn/o – mucus
    • Bronch/o – bronchus, airway
    • Bronchiol/o – bronchiole
    • Capn/o – carbon dioxide
    • Coni/o – dust
    • Epiglott/o – epiglottis
    • Lal/o – speech, babble
    • Lampr/o – clear
    • Laryng/o – larynx
    • Lept/o – slender, thin, delicate
    • Lob/o – lobe
    • Mediastin/o – mediastinum, central area of thoracic cavity
    • Nas/o – nose
    • Olfact/o, osm/o, osphresi/o – sense of smell, odor, impulse
    • Ox/o – oxygen
    • Pector/o – chest
    • Phas/o – speech
  • RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
    • Phon/o – voice, sound
    • Phren/o – diaphragm, mind
    • Pimel/o - fat, fatty
    • Pleur/o – pleura
    • Pnea – breathing, breath
    • Pneum/o, pneumon/o – lung, air
    • Pulmon/o – lung
    • Respir/o, respirat/o – breath, breathing
    • Rhin/o – nose
    • Sept/o – partition
    • Silic/o – silica, quartz
    • Sin/o, sinus/o – cavity, sinus
    • Span/o – scanty, scarce
    • Spir/o – breath, breathing
    • Steth/o – chest
    • Therm/o – heat
    • Thorac/o, thorax/o – chest
    • Trache/o – trachea
  • MATCH THE TERMS
    • Apnea
    • Alveolar atelectasis
    • Bronchospasm
    • Epiglottitis
    • Hemoptysis
    • Hemothorax
    • Hypercapnia
    • Hypoxia
    • Laryngoscope
    • Pneumonitis
    • Spirometry
    • Stethoscope
    • Thoracentesis
    • Trachealmalacia
    • condition of excessive carbon dioxide
    • to puncture/tap to draw fluid from the thoracic cavity
    • blood in the thoracic cavity
    • trachea softening
    • instrument to examine the larynx
    • inflammation of the epiglottis
    • without breathing
    • instrument to examine/listen to chest
    • incomplete expansion of alveoli
    • low/deficient oxygen
    • lung inflammation
    • spitting up blood
    • to measure breathing
    • airway contraction/twitching
    g. i. n. f. l. c. a. j. e. k. m. h. b. d.
  • URINARY SYSTEM
    • Albumin/o – albumin
    • Azot/o – nitrogen, urea
    • Calci/o – calcium
    • Cali/o – calyx
    • Cupr/o - copper
    • Cyst / o – bladder
    • Fusc/o – dark brown
    • Glomerul/o - glomerulus
    • Glyc/o, gluc/o – sugar
    • Keton/o – ketones
    • Lith/o – stone, calculus
    • Nephr/o – kidney
    • Py/o – pus
    • Pyel/o – renal pelvis
    • Ren/o – kidney
    • Ur/o, urin/o – urine
    • Ureter/o – ureter
    • Urethr/o – urethra
    • Uric/o – uric acid
    • Vesic/o – urinary bladder
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS
    • Cholecystectomy - ________________________
    • Cystitis - ________________________________
    • Hematuria - _____________________________
    • Nephrolithectomy - _______________________
    • Nephrology - ____________________________
    • Nephrosclerosis - _________________________
    • Pyuria - _________________________________
    • Renogastric - ____________________________
    • Ureterostomy - ___________________________
    • Urethratresia - ___________________________
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS
    • Cystectomy
    • Cystitis
    • Hematuria
    • Nephrolithectomy
    • Nephrology
    • Nephrosclerosis
    • Pyuria
    • Renogastric
    • Ureterostomy
    • Urethratresia
    • Removal of the bladder
    • Bladder/cyst inflammation
    • Pertaining to blood in the urine
    • Removal of kidney stones
    • The study of the kidneys
    • Hardening of the kidneys
    • Pus in the urine
    • Pertaining to the kidneys & stomach
    • Forming a new opening for the ureter
    • Occlusion of the urethra
  • FIVE SENSES : HEARING
    • Acous/o, acoust/o - hearing
    • Audi/o, audit/o – hearing
    • Aur/o - ear
    • Aricul/o – ear
    • Cochle/o – snail-shaped, auditory portion of inner ear
    • Myring/o - eardrum
    • Ot/o – ear
    • Son/o - sound
    • Tympan/o - eardrum
  • FIVE SENSES: SMELL
    • Nas/o – nose
    • Olfact/o – smell
    • Osm/o – smell
    • Ophresi/o - smell
    • Rhin/o - nose
    I smell trouble!
  • FIVE SENSES: TOUCH
    • Haph/e – touch
    • Pselaphes/o – touch
    • Tact/o – touch
    • Thigm/o - touch
  • FIVE SENSES: TASTE
    • Gloss/o - tongue
    • Gustat/o – taste
    • Gust/o – taste
    • Lingu/o - tongue
    • Or/o – mouth
    • Stomat/o – mouth
  • FIVE SENSES: VISION
    • Blephar/o, palpebr/o – eyelid
    • Conjunctiv/o – conjunctiva, thin membrane that covers the inside of the eyelid & outside of eyeball
    • Cor/o, pupill/o – pupil
    • Corne/o – cornea
    • Dacry/o – tear
    • Dipl/o – double
    • Hygr/o – moisture
    • Ir/o, irid/o – iris
    • Kerat/o – cornea
    • Lacrim/o – tear/lacrimal duct
    • Logad/o – whites of the eyes
    • Ocul/o – eye
    • Ophry/o – eyebrow
    • Ophthalm/o – eye
    • Opt/o – vision
    • Phac/o, phak/o – lens
    • Retin/o – retina
    • Scler/o – sclera
    • Stigmat/o – point
    • Uve/o – uvea
    • Vitre/o - glassy
  • MATCH THE TERMS
    • Acoustic
    • Myringosis
    • Otodynia
    • Otorrhea
    • Nasopharyngeal
    • Osmosis
    • Rhinoplasty
    • Rhinohemorrhagia
    • Haphephobia
    • Haphalgia
    • Thigmesthesia
    • Glossoepiglottic
    • Glossodynia
    • Stomatopathy
    • Blepharoptosis
    • Conjunctivitis
    • Diplopia
    • Opthalmologist
    • Phacomalacia
    • Pain in the ear
    • Pertaining to the nose and pharynx
    • Condition of smelling
    • Surgical repair/correction of the nose
    • Pertaining to hearing
    • Ear discharge
    • Condition of the eardrum
    • Painful touch
    • Pertaining to the tongue and epiglottis
    • Drooping eyelid
    • Excessive blood flow from the nose
    • Eye specialist
    • Sensation of touch
    • Fear of being touched
    • Double vision
    • Tongue pain
    • Softening of the lens of the eye
    • Inflammation of the conjunctiva
    • Disease of the mouth
  • MATCH THE TERMS
    • Acoustic
    • Myringosis
    • Otodynia
    • Otorrhea
    • Nasopharyngeal
    • Osmosis
    • Rhinoplasty
    • Rhinohemorrhagia
    • Haphephobia
    • Haphalgia
    • Thigmesthesia
    • Glossoepiglottic
    • Glossodynia
    • Stomatopathy
    • Blepharoptosis
    • Conjunctivitis
    • Diplopia
    • Opthalmologist
    • Phacomalacia
    • Pain in the ear
    • Pertaining to the nose and pharynx
    • Condition of smelling
    • Surgical repair/correction of the nose
    • Pertaining to hearing
    • Ear discharge
    • Condition of the eardrum
    • Painful touch
    • Pertaining to the tongue and epiglottis
    • Drooping eyelid
    • Excessive blood flow from the nose
    • Eye specialist
    • Sensation of touch
    • Fear of being touched
    • Double vision
    • Tongue pain
    • Softening of the lens of the eye
    • Inflammation of the conjunctiva
    • Disease of the mouth
  • TERMS THAT DON’T FOLLOW THE RULES
    • Antispasmodic – drug agent that supresses involuntary contractions
    • Aphagia – difficulty or loss of the ability to swallow or eat
    • Sumptomatology – the study of symptoms
    • Perianal – pertaining to around the anus
    • Thrombus – a solid mass formed in the heart or vessels (blood clot)
    • Lithotomy – incision to remove a stone
    • Uremia – pertaining to urea in the blood
    • Emphysema – a pathologic accumulation of air in tissues or organs
    • Pyocele – collection of pus in a bodily cavity
  • TERMS THAT DON’T FOLLOW THE RULES
    • Pneumothorax – air in the chest / thorax
    • Diplegia – paralysis of like parts on both sides of the body
    • Leukemia – progressive, malignant disease of the blood forming organs, a type of cancer
    • Multipara – a woman who has had two or more births
    • Autodiagnosis – self diagnosis
  • TERMS THAT DON’T FOLLOW THE RULES
    • Contraindication – any condition that renders a treatment as improper or undesirable
    • Transposition – displacement of a viscus to the opposite side
    • Acute – having sudden severe symptoms, usually life-threatening
    • Angina – chest pain
    • Cellular – pertaining to cells
    • Deltoid – resembling a triangle, rotator cuff, muscle in shoulder
  • Questions?