Introduction to medical terminology


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hss edition 11-2009

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  • Can anyone think of any other everyday terms?
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  • Introduction to medical terminology

    1. 2. Introduction LESSON #1 When in doubt of the terminology, tell your patients they’re very sick.
    2. 3. MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY <ul><li>The words – or terms – which make up the language of medicine are referred to as the terminology of the medical field…known as medical terminology. </li></ul><ul><li>Like every other language, medical terminology has changed over time and will continue to change. </li></ul><ul><li>Most medical terms come from the Greek and Latin languages. </li></ul>
    3. 4. How It Works <ul><li>Most medical terms can be broken down into parts like a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Common word parts/components: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prefixes / Roots or Words / Suffixes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Linking or combining vowel usually “ o ”, but occasionally “ e ” or “ i ”. </li></ul><ul><li>The medical terms will contain one or more of these components. </li></ul>
    4. 5. PREFIX <ul><li>A prefix is a word component placed in front of a root/word to change or modify its meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>A prefix can give a root direction or position. It can also give a root a specific type/ classification, quality, or quantity. </li></ul>
    5. 6. Common Prefixes <ul><li>Ab- away from midline </li></ul><ul><li>Acu- needle </li></ul><ul><li>Anti- against </li></ul><ul><li>Auto- self </li></ul><ul><li>Bi- two, both, double </li></ul><ul><li>Dys- abnormal, bad, painful </li></ul><ul><li>Hemi- half </li></ul><ul><li>Hetero- opposite, different </li></ul><ul><li>Homo- same, similar </li></ul><ul><li>Hyster- uterus </li></ul><ul><li>Men- menstruation </li></ul><ul><li>Quadri- four </li></ul><ul><li>Re- back, again </li></ul><ul><li>Super- above, beyond </li></ul><ul><li>Tri- three </li></ul>
    6. 7. More Prefixes! <ul><li>A-, An- without, none </li></ul><ul><li>Ad- toward/near midline </li></ul><ul><li>Acro- extremities </li></ul><ul><li>Ambi- on both sides </li></ul><ul><li>Bio- life </li></ul><ul><li>Brady- slow </li></ul><ul><li>Circum- around, encircling </li></ul><ul><li>Contra- against </li></ul><ul><li>Dys- difficult, painful, bad, abnormal </li></ul><ul><li>Endo- within </li></ul><ul><li>Epi- upon, over, above </li></ul><ul><li>Ex- out, out of </li></ul><ul><li>Hyper- excessive, above, too much, over, beyond </li></ul><ul><li>Hypo- less than, under, below, deficient </li></ul>
    7. 8. PREFIXES continued <ul><li>Hydro- fluid, water </li></ul><ul><li>Inter- between </li></ul><ul><li>Intra- within </li></ul><ul><li>Iso- equal </li></ul><ul><li>Mal- ill, bad </li></ul><ul><li>Meta- after, beyond, change </li></ul><ul><li>Multi- many, more than one </li></ul><ul><li>Neo- new or abnormal </li></ul><ul><li>Poly- many, much </li></ul><ul><li>Post- after, behind </li></ul><ul><li>Pro- before, in front of, forward </li></ul><ul><li>Retro- behind, backward </li></ul><ul><li>Sub- under, below, beneath </li></ul><ul><li>Supra- above, on the top side </li></ul><ul><li>Tachy- fast </li></ul><ul><li>Trans- across, over </li></ul>
    8. 9. SUFFIX <ul><li>A suffix is a word component added to the end of a root/word that changes or modifies its usage, function, or meaning. </li></ul>
    9. 10. SUFFIXES: Surgical Procedures <ul><li>-centesis – to puncture/tap to draw fluid from </li></ul><ul><li>-desis – surgical fixation, fusion </li></ul><ul><li>-ectomy – excision, removal, cut out </li></ul><ul><li>-pexy - fixation </li></ul><ul><li>- plasty – surgical repair, correction </li></ul><ul><li>-rrhaphy – suture </li></ul><ul><li>-sect – to cut </li></ul><ul><li>-stomy – forming a new opening </li></ul><ul><li>-tome – instrument for cutting </li></ul><ul><li>-tomy – incision into, cut into </li></ul><ul><li>-tripsy – to crush, break down </li></ul><ul><li>-puncture – to pierce a surface </li></ul>Moe, after the bandages come off and the wounds heal, you’ll still be a pig.
    10. 11. SUFFIXES: diagnostic procedures <ul><li>-assay – examine, analyze </li></ul><ul><li>-gram – written record, recording </li></ul><ul><li>-graph – instrument for recording </li></ul><ul><li>-graphy – process of recording </li></ul><ul><li>-manometer – instrument for measuring pressure </li></ul><ul><li>-manometry – process of measuring pressure </li></ul><ul><li>-meter – instrument for measuring </li></ul><ul><li>-metery – process of measuring </li></ul><ul><li>-opsy – to view </li></ul><ul><li>-scope - instrument for examining </li></ul><ul><li>-scopy – process of examining, examination </li></ul>
    11. 12. SUFFIXES: 5 rrh’s <ul><li>-rrhagia – excessive flow, profuse fluid discharge </li></ul><ul><li>-rrhage – excessive flow, profuse fluid discharge </li></ul><ul><li>-rrhaphy – suture </li></ul><ul><li>-rrhea – flow, discharge </li></ul><ul><li>-rrhexis - rupture </li></ul>
    12. 13. SUFFIXES: pertaining to… <ul><li>Suffixes that all mean pertaining to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-ac (cardiac) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-al (dental) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-ar (tonsilar) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-ary (pulmonary) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-ia (bradycardia) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-ic (gastric) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-ical (chemical) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-ium (cardium) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-ous (mucous) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-tic (pancreatic) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-us (hydrocephalus) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 14. More Suffixes! <ul><li>-algia, -algesia – pain </li></ul><ul><li>-cele – herniation, swelling </li></ul><ul><li>-cide – killing, agent that kills </li></ul><ul><li>-cyte - cell </li></ul><ul><li>-emia – blood condition </li></ul><ul><li>-ism – condition, disease </li></ul><ul><li>-ist – specialist </li></ul><ul><li>-itis – inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>-logist – one who studies, specialist </li></ul><ul><li>-logia, -logy – the study of </li></ul><ul><li>-lysis – destruction, break down </li></ul><ul><li>-megaly – enlarged </li></ul><ul><li>-oid – resembling, like </li></ul>
    14. 15. MORE SUFFIXES <ul><li>- oma – tumor, mass </li></ul><ul><li>-opia, -opsia – vision </li></ul><ul><li>-osis – condition of </li></ul><ul><li>-pathy – disease </li></ul><ul><li>-plasm – growth/formation of tissue </li></ul><ul><li>-pnea – breath, breathing </li></ul><ul><li>-porosis – porous, decrease in density </li></ul><ul><li>-ptosis – drooping, prolapsed </li></ul><ul><li>-ptysis – spitting, spit up </li></ul><ul><li>-spasm – twitching, involuntary contraction </li></ul><ul><li>-therapy – treatment </li></ul>
    15. 16. ROOT <ul><li>A root is the basic element of a word, and it is the foundation on which the meaning of a word is built. </li></ul><ul><li>Many roots are real words in their own right and term. Although these roots can have other elements, they don't need other elements to be complete. A root can be a whole word or a part of a word. Roots come from many different languages, mainly Greek and Latin, and find their way into English. </li></ul>
    16. 17. Rules! <ul><li>To define medical terms, divide or slash them into their component parts; these word components are called prefixes, suffixes, and roots. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the hyphen ( - ) after the word component to indicate that it is a prefix; use it after the combining form to indicate that it needs a suffix; use it before the word component to indicate it is a suffix. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: Epi-gastr/o/-cele </li></ul>
    17. 18. More Rules! <ul><li>Use the combining vowel “o” when a suffix begins with a consonant. i.e Termin/o/logy </li></ul><ul><li>Use the combining vowel “o” when combining two roots only if the second root begins with a consonant. i.e. Pneum/o/thorax </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use the combining vowel “o” if you are combining a second root that begins with a vowel or a suffix that begins with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y). i.e. Pneum/arthr/osis </li></ul><ul><li>Add –y to a word to indicate a procedure (gastroscopy) or –ly to indicate an act or process (splenomegaly). </li></ul>
    18. 19. And More Rules!! <ul><li>The suffix –osis always denotes a condition (usually abnormal). When combined with the color roots erythr/o- (red) and leuk/o- (white), it represents a condition of abnormally increased blood cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the time, word components denoting color are used as prefixes. However, sometimes they are the root of the medical term. </li></ul>
    19. 20. ROOTS: Colors <ul><li>Alb/o, Albin/o, Leuk/o – white </li></ul><ul><li>Chlor/o – green </li></ul><ul><li>Cirrh/o – orange-yellow </li></ul><ul><li>Cyan/o – blue </li></ul><ul><li>Eosin/o, Erythr/o, Rhod/o, Rose/o, Rubr/i/o – red, rosy </li></ul><ul><li>Flav/o, Jaund/o, Lute/o, Xanth/o – yellow </li></ul><ul><li>Fusc/o – dark brown </li></ul><ul><li>Glauc/o – gray, bluish greenan/o – black </li></ul><ul><li>Poli/o, Tephr/o – gray, ashen </li></ul><ul><li>Purpur/i - purple </li></ul>
    20. 21. THE BODY <ul><li>BLOOD </li></ul><ul><li>CARDIOVASCULAR </li></ul><ul><li>ENDOCRINE </li></ul><ul><li>GASTROINTESTINAL </li></ul><ul><li>INTEGUMENTARY </li></ul><ul><li>LYMPHATIC/IMMUNE </li></ul><ul><li>MUSCULAR </li></ul><ul><li>NERVOUS </li></ul><ul><li>REPRODUCTIVE – FEMALE </li></ul><ul><li>REPRODUCTIVE – MALE </li></ul><ul><li>RESPIRATORY </li></ul><ul><li>SENSES (5) </li></ul><ul><li>SKELETAL </li></ul><ul><li>URINARY </li></ul>
    21. 22. BLOOD SYSTEM <ul><li>Agglutin/o – clumping </li></ul><ul><li>Amyl/o - starch </li></ul><ul><li>Anis/o – unequal </li></ul><ul><li>Angi/o – blood/ lymph vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Arteri/o - artery </li></ul><ul><li>Bas/o, basi/o – base, foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Coagul/o – coagulation, clotting </li></ul><ul><li>Eosin/o – red, rosy, dawn </li></ul><ul><li>Erythr/o – red </li></ul><ul><li>Ferr/i, ferr/o – iron </li></ul><ul><li>Granul/o – granules </li></ul><ul><li>Haem/a, hem/o, hemat/o - blood </li></ul>
    22. 23. BLOOD SYSTEM <ul><li>Kal/i – potassium </li></ul><ul><li>Leuk/o – white </li></ul><ul><li>Myel/o – bone marrow, spinal cord </li></ul><ul><li>Natr/o – sodium </li></ul><ul><li>Neutr/o –neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Norm/o – normal, usual </li></ul><ul><li>Phleb/o - vein </li></ul><ul><li>Phosphat/o – phosphate </li></ul><ul><li>Poikil/o – variation, irregular </li></ul><ul><li>Pykn/o, pycn/o – thick, dense </li></ul><ul><li>Rhod/o – red, rosy </li></ul>
    23. 24. BLOOD SYSTEM <ul><li>Sangu/i, sanguin/o – blood </li></ul><ul><li>Sapr/o – rotten, decay </li></ul><ul><li>Schist/o – split, cleft </li></ul><ul><li>Ser/o – serum, serous </li></ul><ul><li>Sider/o – iron </li></ul><ul><li>Spher/o – round, sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Strept/o – twisted, curved </li></ul><ul><li>Thromb/o – clot, thrombus </li></ul><ul><li>Vas/o, vascul/o – blood vessel </li></ul><ul><li>Ven/o - vein </li></ul>
    24. 25. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER <ul><li>Hem/o/lysis - ______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Hyper/kal/emia - ___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Thromb/o/pheresis - ________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Hyp/o/volemia - ____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Erythr/o/cyte - _____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Phleb/itis - ________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Hemat/o/logy - _____________________ </li></ul>©2009 by Flex Ed All Rights Reserved
    25. 26. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER <ul><li>Hem/o/lysis – </li></ul><ul><li>Hyper/kal/emia – </li></ul><ul><li>Thromb/o/pheresis - </li></ul><ul><li>Hyp/o/volemia – </li></ul><ul><li>Erythr/o/cyte – </li></ul><ul><li>Phleb/itis – </li></ul><ul><li>Hemat/o/logy - </li></ul><ul><li>Blood breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>Excess potassium in the blood </li></ul><ul><li>Clot removal </li></ul><ul><li>Low blood volume </li></ul><ul><li>Red blood cell </li></ul><ul><li>Vein inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>Study of blood </li></ul>
    26. 27. CARDIOVASCULAR <ul><li>Cardium – the heart </li></ul><ul><li>Cardi/o – heart </li></ul><ul><li>Angi/o – vessel </li></ul><ul><li>Aort/o – aorta </li></ul><ul><li>Arteri/o - artery </li></ul><ul><li>Ather/o – fatty substance, plaque </li></ul><ul><li>Atri/o – atrium </li></ul><ul><li>Coron/o – heart </li></ul><ul><li>Embol/o – embolus, clot </li></ul><ul><li>Isch/o – supress, restraint </li></ul><ul><li>Mi/o – less, smaller </li></ul><ul><li>My/o - muscle </li></ul>
    27. 28. CARDIOVASCULAR <ul><li>Palpit/o, palpitat/o – flutter, throbbing </li></ul><ul><li>Rhe/o – flow, current, stream </li></ul><ul><li>Sphygm/o – pulse </li></ul><ul><li>Tel/e – distant, far, end </li></ul><ul><li>Valv/o, valvul/o – valve </li></ul><ul><li>Varic/o – varicose veins </li></ul><ul><li>Vas/o, vascul/o – vessel </li></ul><ul><li>Ven/o – vein </li></ul><ul><li>Ventricul/o – heart/ brain ventricle </li></ul><ul><li>Venul/o - venule </li></ul>
    28. 29. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER <ul><li>Cardi/o/megaly - ____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Cardi/o/my/o/pathy - _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Brady/card/ia - _____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Tachy/card/ia - _____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Peri/card/ium - _____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>My/o/card/ia - ______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Sphygm/o/man/o/meter - _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Arteri/o/scler/osis - __________________ </li></ul>
    29. 30. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER <ul><li>Cardi/o/megaly - </li></ul><ul><li>Cardi/o/my/o/pathy </li></ul><ul><li>Brady/card/ia - </li></ul><ul><li>Tachy/card/ia - </li></ul><ul><li>Peri/card/ium - </li></ul><ul><li>My/o/card/ia - </li></ul><ul><li>Sphygm/o/man/o/meter - </li></ul><ul><li>Arteri/o/scler/osis - </li></ul><ul><li>Enlarged heart </li></ul><ul><li>Heart muscle disease </li></ul><ul><li>Slow heart rate </li></ul><ul><li>Fast heart rate </li></ul><ul><li>Sac around the heart </li></ul><ul><li>Heart muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Blood pressure cuff </li></ul><ul><li>Hardening of the arteries </li></ul>
    30. 31. DIRECTIONAL TERMS <ul><li>Medial, Medi/o – midline, toward the center (middle) </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral, Later/o – towards the side, away from the midline </li></ul><ul><li>Superior, Super/o – above, over </li></ul><ul><li>Inferior, Infer/o – below, under </li></ul><ul><li>Proximal, Proxim/o – near, closest to the origin </li></ul><ul><li>Distal, Dist/o – away from, farthest from the origin </li></ul>
    31. 32. DIRECTIONAL TERMS <ul><li>Cranial, crani/o – toward the head </li></ul><ul><li>Caudal, caud/o – toward the back or tail </li></ul><ul><li>Dorsal, dors/o – near upper surface, back </li></ul><ul><li>Ventral, ver/o – toward the bottom, front </li></ul><ul><li>Posterior, poster/o – back, behind, after, toward the rear </li></ul><ul><li>Anterior, anter/o – front, in front of </li></ul>
    32. 33. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER <ul><li>Mediosuperior – </li></ul><ul><li>Inferolateral – </li></ul><ul><li>Laterosuperior – </li></ul><ul><li>Inferomedial – </li></ul><ul><li>Posterosuperior – </li></ul><ul><li>Anterolateral – </li></ul><ul><li>Posteromedial – </li></ul><ul><li>Proximolateral - </li></ul>
    33. 34. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER <ul><li>Mediosuperior – </li></ul><ul><li>Inferolateral – </li></ul><ul><li>Laterosuperior – </li></ul><ul><li>Inferomedial – </li></ul><ul><li>Posterosuperior – </li></ul><ul><li>Anterolateral – </li></ul><ul><li>Posteromedial – </li></ul><ul><li>Proximolateral - </li></ul>Middle, upper Below, to the side To the side, upper Below, middle Back, upper Front, to the side Back, middle Closest to the point of origin, to the side
    34. 35. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM <ul><li>Acr/o – extremities </li></ul><ul><li>Aden/o – gland </li></ul><ul><li>Adren/o – adrenal glands </li></ul><ul><li>Cortic/o – cortex </li></ul><ul><li>Crin/o – secrete, separate </li></ul><ul><li>Gluc/o, glyc/o – glucose, sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Hirsut/o – hairy </li></ul><ul><li>Hormon/o – hormone </li></ul><ul><li>Hidr/o - sweat </li></ul><ul><li>Sial/o - saliva </li></ul><ul><li>Thym/o – thymus gland </li></ul><ul><li>Thyr/o, thyriod/o – thyroid gland </li></ul><ul><li>Tox/o, toxic/o – poison, toxins </li></ul><ul><li>Troph/o – growth, nourishment </li></ul>
    35. 36. MATCH THE TERMS <ul><li>Adrenalectomy </li></ul><ul><li>Adrenalitis </li></ul><ul><li>Pancreatalgia </li></ul><ul><li>Pancreatolith </li></ul><ul><li>Corticoadrenal </li></ul><ul><li>Crinogenic </li></ul><ul><li>Hirsutism </li></ul><ul><li>Hormonopoiesis </li></ul><ul><li>Pinealopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Pancreatic stone </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to the cortex adrenal glands </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of being hairy </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of adrenal glands </li></ul><ul><li>Hormone formation </li></ul><ul><li>Disease of the pineal gland </li></ul><ul><li>Pain in the pancreas </li></ul><ul><li>Inflammed adrenal glands </li></ul><ul><li>Production of secretions </li></ul>
    36. 37. MATCH THE TERMS <ul><li>Adrenalectomy </li></ul><ul><li>Adrenalitis </li></ul><ul><li>Pancreatalgia </li></ul><ul><li>Pancreatolith </li></ul><ul><li>Corticoadrenal </li></ul><ul><li>Crinogenic </li></ul><ul><li>Hirsutism </li></ul><ul><li>Hormonopoiesis </li></ul><ul><li>Pinealopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of adrenal glands </li></ul><ul><li>Inflammed adrenal glands </li></ul><ul><li>Pain in the pancreas </li></ul><ul><li>Pancreatic stone </li></ul><ul><li>Cortex and adrenal glands </li></ul><ul><li>Production of secretions </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of being hairy </li></ul><ul><li>Hormone formation </li></ul><ul><li>Disease of the pineal gland </li></ul>
    37. 38. GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM <ul><li>Abdomin/o – abdomen </li></ul><ul><li>Amyl/o – starch </li></ul><ul><li>An/o – anus </li></ul><ul><li>Bil/i – bile </li></ul><ul><li>Bucc/o – cheek </li></ul><ul><li>Cec/o – cecum </li></ul><ul><li>Celi/o – abdomen </li></ul><ul><li>Chol/e – gall, bile </li></ul><ul><li>Cholecyst/o - gallbladder </li></ul><ul><li>Col/o – colon </li></ul><ul><li>Dent/i - tooth </li></ul>
    38. 39. GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM <ul><li>Dips/o – thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Duoden/o – doudenum </li></ul><ul><li>Enter/o – intestines </li></ul><ul><li>Esophag/o – esophogus </li></ul><ul><li>Gastr/o – stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Gingiv/o – gums </li></ul><ul><li>Gloss/o – tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Hepat/o – liver </li></ul><ul><li>Ile/o – ileum </li></ul><ul><li>Jejun/o - jejunum </li></ul>Please pass the thingy for the thingy.
    39. 40. GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM <ul><li>Lapar/o – abdominal wall </li></ul><ul><li>Lingu/o – tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Odont/o – tooth </li></ul><ul><li>Or/o – mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Orth/o – straight, normal, correct </li></ul><ul><li>Palat/o – palate </li></ul><ul><li>Peps/o - digestion </li></ul><ul><li>Peritone/o – peritoneum </li></ul><ul><li>Phag/o – eating, ingestion </li></ul><ul><li>Proct/o – rectum, anus </li></ul><ul><li>Ptyal/o, sial/o – saliva </li></ul><ul><li>Pyr/o – heat, fever, fire </li></ul><ul><li>Rect/o – rectum </li></ul><ul><li>Sigmoid/o – sigmoid colon </li></ul><ul><li>Staphyl/o – uvula </li></ul><ul><li>Stomat/o - mouth </li></ul>
    40. 41. FILL IN THE BLANKS <ul><li>Cholescystectomy - _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Colonoscopy - ____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatomegaly - __________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominocentesis - _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Biligenesis – _____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Colostomy - _____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Enteroclysis - ____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Esophagocele - ___________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Epigastric - ______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Gingivitis - ______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Laparoscope - ____________________________ </li></ul>
    41. 42. FILL IN THE BLANKS <ul><li>Cholescystectomy </li></ul><ul><li>Colonoscopy </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatomegaly </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominocentesis </li></ul><ul><li>Biligenesis </li></ul><ul><li>Colostomy </li></ul><ul><li>Enteroclysis </li></ul><ul><li>Esophagocele </li></ul><ul><li>Epigastric </li></ul><ul><li>Gingivitis </li></ul><ul><li>Laparoscope </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of the gallbladder </li></ul><ul><li>Examination of the colon </li></ul><ul><li>Enlarged liver </li></ul><ul><li>To draw fluid from the abdomen </li></ul><ul><li>The production of bile </li></ul><ul><li>Forming an opening between the colon and the abdominal wall </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation/washing of the intestines </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling/herniation of esophagus </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to above the stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Inflammed gums </li></ul><ul><li>Instrument to examine abdomen </li></ul>
    42. 43. INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM <ul><li>Acanth/o – thorny, spiny </li></ul><ul><li>Actin/o – ray, radiation </li></ul><ul><li>Brom/o – odor </li></ul><ul><li>Caus/o, cauter/o – burn </li></ul><ul><li>Chrom/o – color </li></ul><ul><li>Chrys/o – gold </li></ul><ul><li>Cutane/o – skin </li></ul><ul><li>Derm/o, dermat/o – skin </li></ul><ul><li>Erythem/o – flushed, redness </li></ul><ul><li>Eschar/o – scab </li></ul><ul><li>Hidr/o, sud/o - sweat </li></ul>
    43. 44. INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM <ul><li>Lepid/o – flakes, scales </li></ul><ul><li>Lepr/o – leprosy </li></ul><ul><li>Onych/o, Ungu/o – nail </li></ul><ul><li>Papul/o – papule, pimple, acne </li></ul><ul><li>Perspir/o – breathe through </li></ul><ul><li>Pil/o, Trich/o – hair </li></ul><ul><li>Prurit/o, Psor/o – itching </li></ul><ul><li>Py/o – pus </li></ul><ul><li>Rhytid/o – wrinkle </li></ul><ul><li>Seb/o – sebum </li></ul><ul><li>Steat/o – fat </li></ul><ul><li>Ul/o – scar, scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Verruc/i – wart </li></ul><ul><li>Xer/o - dry </li></ul>
    44. 45. MATCH THE TERMS <ul><li>Causalgia </li></ul><ul><li>Dermatopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Escharectomy </li></ul><ul><li>Onychomycosis </li></ul><ul><li>Lepidosis </li></ul><ul><li>Dermatitis </li></ul><ul><li>Xeroderma </li></ul><ul><li>Papulosis </li></ul><ul><li>Verrucosis </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperulosis </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of fungal nails </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of a scab </li></ul><ul><li>Burning pain </li></ul><ul><li>Skin inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>Skin disease </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of pimples, acne </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of flaky skin </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Dry skin </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of warts </li></ul>
    45. 46. LYMPHATIC/IMMUNE SYSTEM <ul><li>Adenoid/o – adenoids </li></ul><ul><li>Axill/o – armpit </li></ul><ul><li>Immun/o – protection, immune </li></ul><ul><li>Lien/o – spleen </li></ul><ul><li>Lymph/o – lymph </li></ul><ul><li>Lymphaden/o – lymph nodes </li></ul><ul><li>Nod/o – knot </li></ul><ul><li>Ple/o - more </li></ul><ul><li>Sarc/o – flesh </li></ul><ul><li>Septic/o –the immune response to a severe infection, putrefaction </li></ul><ul><li>Splen/o – spleen </li></ul><ul><li>Tetan/o – tetanus </li></ul><ul><li>Tonsill/o – tonsils </li></ul><ul><li>Top/o – particular place or area </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccin/o - vaccine </li></ul>
    46. 47. FILL IN THE BLANKS <ul><li>Axillary lymphadenitis - ______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Lymphedema - _____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Splenemphraxis - ___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Lymphangiophlebitis - ________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Prophylaxis - _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Septicemia - _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Tonsillitis - ________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Lienomalacia - ______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Nodular - __________________________ </li></ul>
    47. 48. FILL IN THE BLANKS <ul><li>Axillary lymphadenitis </li></ul><ul><li>Lymphedema </li></ul><ul><li>Splenemphraxis </li></ul><ul><li>Lymphangio- phlebitis </li></ul><ul><li>Prophylaxis </li></ul><ul><li>Septicemia </li></ul><ul><li>Tonsillitis </li></ul><ul><li>Lienomalacia </li></ul><ul><li>Nodular </li></ul><ul><li>Inflammation of the lymph nodes in the armpits </li></ul><ul><li>Lymph swelling </li></ul><ul><li>Spleen obstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Venous inflammation of the lymphatic vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of a disease </li></ul><ul><li>Immune response to a severe blood infection </li></ul><ul><li>Inflammation of the tonsils </li></ul><ul><li>Softening of the spleen </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to knots </li></ul>
    48. 49. MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM <ul><li>Asthen/o - weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Aux/o – growth, acceleration </li></ul><ul><li>Erg/o – work </li></ul><ul><li>Fasci/o –fascia, connective tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Fibr/o – fiber, fibrous </li></ul><ul><li>Flect/o, flex/o – bend </li></ul><ul><li>Kinesi/o – movement </li></ul><ul><li>Lei/o –smooth </li></ul><ul><li>Ligament/o – ligament </li></ul><ul><li>Muscul/o, my/o, myos/o – muscle </li></ul>
    49. 50. MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM <ul><li>Pale/o – old </li></ul><ul><li>Pyg/o – buttock </li></ul><ul><li>Rhabd/o - rod </li></ul><ul><li>Rhabdomy/o - skeletal muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Rot/o, Rotat/o – turn, rotate, revolve </li></ul><ul><li>Sthen/o – strength </li></ul><ul><li>Syndesm/o – ligament, connective tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Ten/o, Tenont/o – tendon </li></ul><ul><li>Therapeut/o – treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Ton/o – tone, tension </li></ul>
    50. 51. MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM <ul><li>Ankyl/o – stiff, crooked, bent </li></ul><ul><li>Arthr/o, Articul/o – joint </li></ul><ul><li>Brachi/o – arm </li></ul><ul><li>Burs/o – bursa </li></ul><ul><li>Calcane/o – heel </li></ul><ul><li>Carp/o – wrist </li></ul><ul><li>Centr/o – center </li></ul><ul><li>Cephal/o – head </li></ul><ul><li>Cervic/o – cervix, neck of the uterus </li></ul><ul><li>Cheir/o, Chir/o – hand </li></ul><ul><li>Chondr/o - cartilage </li></ul>
    51. 52. MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM <ul><li>Cleid/o – clavicle </li></ul><ul><li>Coccyg/o – coccyx, tailbone </li></ul><ul><li>Cost/o – rib </li></ul><ul><li>Cox/o – hip </li></ul><ul><li>Crani/o – skull </li></ul><ul><li>Cubit/o – elbow, forearm </li></ul><ul><li>Dactyl/o – digit of finger/toe </li></ul><ul><li>Dent/o – tooth, teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Faci/o – face </li></ul><ul><li>Femor/o – femur </li></ul><ul><li>Fibul/o – fibula, small calf bone </li></ul><ul><li>Geni/o – chin </li></ul>
    52. 53. MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM <ul><li>Gnath/o – jaw </li></ul><ul><li>Gnos/o – knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Goni/o – angle </li></ul><ul><li>Gyr/o – circle, spiral </li></ul><ul><li>Humer/o – humerus, upper arm bone </li></ul><ul><li>Ili/o – ilium, bone in pelvis </li></ul><ul><li>Ischi/o – ischium, lower back hip bone </li></ul><ul><li>Kyph/o – humpback </li></ul><ul><li>Lamin/o – lamina, plate or layer </li></ul><ul><li>Lip/o – fat </li></ul><ul><li>Lord/o – curvature, bending </li></ul><ul><li>Lox/o – oblique, slanting </li></ul><ul><li>Lumb/o – lower back, loin </li></ul>
    53. 54. MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM <ul><li>Maxill/o – maxilla, upper jaw </li></ul><ul><li>Mel/o – limb, limbs </li></ul><ul><li>Om/o – shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>Opisth/o – backward, behind </li></ul><ul><li>Oste/o – bone </li></ul><ul><li>Patell/o – patella, knee cap </li></ul><ul><li>Ped/o, pod/o – foot </li></ul><ul><li>Pelv/i – pelvis </li></ul><ul><li>Perone/o – fibula, small calf bone </li></ul><ul><li>Petr/o – stone </li></ul><ul><li>Phalang/o – phalanges, finger/ toe bones </li></ul>
    54. 55. MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM <ul><li>Pub/o – pubis </li></ul><ul><li>Rachi/o – spine </li></ul><ul><li>Sacr/o – sacrum, triangular bone @ bottom of spine & back of pelvic cavity </li></ul><ul><li>Scapul/o – scapula, shoulder blade </li></ul><ul><li>Scoli/o – crooked, twisted </li></ul><ul><li>Skelet/o – skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>Spin/o – spinal cord, spine </li></ul><ul><li>Spondyl/o – vertebrae, spinal cord </li></ul><ul><li>Stern/o – sternum </li></ul><ul><li>Synov/o – synovia, joint fluid membrane </li></ul><ul><li>Tal/o – talus, bone connecting leg to foot </li></ul><ul><li>Tars/o – tarsus, foot bone, edge of eyelid </li></ul><ul><li>Tibi/o – tibia, large calf bone </li></ul><ul><li>Vertebr/o – vertebra </li></ul><ul><li>Xiph/o – sword-shaped, xiphoid </li></ul>
    55. 56. MATCH THE TERMS <ul><li>Bursitis </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrocephalus </li></ul><ul><li>Lipochondroma </li></ul><ul><li>Intercostal </li></ul><ul><li>Myasthenia </li></ul><ul><li>Pygalgia </li></ul><ul><li>Arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Craniotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Kyphoscoliosis </li></ul><ul><li>Myocarcinoma </li></ul><ul><li>e </li></ul><ul><li>h </li></ul><ul><li>j </li></ul><ul><li>a </li></ul><ul><li>d </li></ul><ul><li>b </li></ul><ul><li>f </li></ul><ul><li>c </li></ul><ul><li>g </li></ul><ul><li>i </li></ul>a. Between ribs b. Pain in the buttocks c. Cut into skull d. Muscle weakness e. Inflammation of bursa f. Joint inflammation g. Humpback/crooked spine h. Fluid in the head i. Cancer tumor in muscle j. Tumor of fat & cartilage
    56. 57. NERVOUS SYSTEM <ul><li>Astr/o – star </li></ul><ul><li>Atel/o – incomplete, imperfect </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebell/o – cerebellum </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebr/o – cerebrum, brain </li></ul><ul><li>Drom/o – running </li></ul><ul><li>Encephal/o – brain </li></ul><ul><li>Esthesi/o – sensation, feeling </li></ul><ul><li>Gangli/o, Ganglion/o – a cyst on/around joint/tendon </li></ul><ul><li>Gli/o – glue, neuroglia </li></ul><ul><li>Heli/o – sun </li></ul><ul><li>Hydr/o – water, hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>Keraun/o – lightning </li></ul><ul><li>Log/o – word, speech, thought </li></ul><ul><li>Mening/o – meninges, membranes </li></ul><ul><li>Ment/o – mind </li></ul><ul><li>Myel/o – spinal cord, bone marrow </li></ul>
    57. 58. NERVOUS SYSTEM <ul><li>Narc/o – numbness, stupor </li></ul><ul><li>Neur/o – nerve </li></ul><ul><li>Phaner/o – visible, apparent </li></ul><ul><li>Phob/o – fear, aversion </li></ul><ul><li>Phren/o – mind, diaphragm </li></ul><ul><li>Picr/o – bitter </li></ul><ul><li>Pies/i – pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Pleg/o - paralyzed </li></ul><ul><li>Poli/o – gray (matter) </li></ul><ul><li>Por/o – opening, passageway </li></ul><ul><li>Psych/o – mind </li></ul><ul><li>Psychr/o – cold </li></ul><ul><li>Radicul/o – nerve root </li></ul><ul><li>Rhiz/o – root </li></ul><ul><li>Schiz/o – split, division </li></ul><ul><li>Somn/i – sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Syring/o – tube, fistula </li></ul><ul><li>Tax/o – coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Tel/o – end </li></ul><ul><li>Tephr/o – gray (ashen) </li></ul><ul><li>Thanat/o – death </li></ul><ul><li>Thec/o – sheath </li></ul><ul><li>Vag/o – vagus nerve </li></ul>
    58. 59. FILL IN THE BLANKS <ul><li>Atelomyelia - ____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebellospinal - _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Encephalomalacia - _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Esthesioneurosis - ________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Gliocyte - _______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Hypnotic - _______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia - ______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Meningocele - ___________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Myelocele - _____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Neurotripsy - ____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Vagolysis - ______________________________ </li></ul>
    59. 60. FILL IN THE BLANKS <ul><li>Atelomyelia </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebellospinal </li></ul><ul><li>Encephalomalacia </li></ul><ul><li>Esthesioneurosis </li></ul><ul><li>Gliocyte </li></ul><ul><li>Hypnotic </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Meningocele </li></ul><ul><li>Myelocele </li></ul><ul><li>Neurotripsy </li></ul><ul><li>Vagolysis </li></ul><ul><li>Imperfect spinal cord </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to cerebellum/spine </li></ul><ul><li>Softening of the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of nerve sensation </li></ul><ul><li>Cell glue </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of not sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Membrane swelling/herniation </li></ul><ul><li>Spinal cord swelling/herniation </li></ul><ul><li>Nerve break down </li></ul><ul><li>Vagus nerve destruction </li></ul>
    60. 61. Reproductive System: FEMALE <ul><li>Amni/o – sac around the embryo </li></ul><ul><li>Cervic/o –neck of the uterus, cervix </li></ul><ul><li>Chor/i – chorion, two layers that surround the embryo/amniotic sac and other membranes </li></ul><ul><li>Colp/o, vagin/o – vagina </li></ul><ul><li>Culd/o – cul-de-sac </li></ul><ul><li>Embry/o – embryo, fetus </li></ul><ul><li>Episi/o, vulv/o – vulva </li></ul><ul><li>Fet/o – fetus </li></ul><ul><li>Galact/o, lact/o – milk </li></ul><ul><li>Gravid/o - pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Gynec/o – woman </li></ul>
    61. 62. Reproductive System: FEMALE <ul><li>Helc/o – ulcer </li></ul><ul><li>Hymen/o – hymen, membrane that surrounds the vaginal opening </li></ul><ul><li>Hyster/o, uter/o – uterus </li></ul><ul><li>Lecith/o – yolk, ovum </li></ul><ul><li>Mamm/o – mammary glands in breast </li></ul><ul><li>Mast/o – breast </li></ul><ul><li>Men/o – menses, menstruation </li></ul><ul><li>Metr/o – uterus </li></ul><ul><li>Nat/o – birth </li></ul><ul><li>O/o, ov/i, ov/o – egg, ovum </li></ul><ul><li>Obstetr/o – midwife </li></ul>
    62. 63. FEMALE Continued <ul><li>Omphal/o – navel </li></ul><ul><li>Oophor/o, ovari/o – ovary </li></ul><ul><li>Perine/o – perineum, surface area between the pubic arch, the tailbone, & the legs (male or female) </li></ul><ul><li>Per/o – deformed, maimed </li></ul><ul><li>Sacchar/o – sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Salping/o – fallopian tubes </li></ul><ul><li>Terat/o – monster, wonder </li></ul><ul><li>Thel/o – nipple </li></ul><ul><li>Toc/o – childbirth, labor </li></ul><ul><li>Tub/o – tube </li></ul><ul><li>Viv/i – life, alive </li></ul>
    63. 64. MATCH THE TERMS <ul><li>Amniocentesis </li></ul><ul><li>Cervicovaginitis </li></ul><ul><li>Ovariocyesis </li></ul><ul><li>Episiostenosis </li></ul><ul><li>Hysterosalpingoophor-ectomy </li></ul><ul><li>Lactorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Menopause </li></ul><ul><li>Menorrhagia </li></ul><ul><li>Neonatology </li></ul><ul><li>Septipara </li></ul><ul><li>a. hardening of the vulva </li></ul><ul><li>b. milk discharge </li></ul><ul><li>c. study of new birth </li></ul><ul><li>d. to puncture/tap into the wall of the uterus to draw out amniotic fluid </li></ul><ul><li>e. menstrual cessation </li></ul><ul><li>f. seven pregnancies </li></ul><ul><li>g. excessive menstrual flow </li></ul><ul><li>h. inflamed cervix and vagina </li></ul><ul><li>i. removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries </li></ul><ul><li>j. pregnancy in an ovary </li></ul>d. h. j. a. i. b. e. g. c. f.
    64. 65. Reproductive System: MALE <ul><li>Andr/o – male </li></ul><ul><li>Balan/o – glans penis, tip of the penis </li></ul><ul><li>Blenn/o - mucus </li></ul><ul><li>Crypt/o – hidden, concealed </li></ul><ul><li>Epididym/o – epididymis </li></ul><ul><li>Genit/o – reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Gon/o – genitals, semen </li></ul><ul><li>Gonad/o – gonads, primary reproductive organs (testes-male, ovaries-female) </li></ul><ul><li>Inguin/o - groin </li></ul><ul><li>Olig/o – scanty, few, little </li></ul><ul><li>Orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o – testis </li></ul>
    65. 66. Reproductive System: MALE <ul><li>Osche/o – scrotum </li></ul><ul><li>Phall/o – penis </li></ul><ul><li>Phim/o – muzzle </li></ul><ul><li>Prostat/o – prostate glands </li></ul><ul><li>Semen/i - semen </li></ul><ul><li>Sperm/o, spermat/o – sperm, spermatozoa </li></ul><ul><li>Test/o, testicul/o – testis </li></ul><ul><li>Vas/o – vas deferens, vessel </li></ul><ul><li>Venere/o – sexual intercourse </li></ul><ul><li>Vesicul/o – seminal vesicle, gland that produces 70% of the fluid that becomes semen </li></ul>
    66. 67. FILL IN THE BLANKS <ul><li>Balanoblennorrhea - _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea - _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Oligospermia - _____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Orchidynia - _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Oscheoplasty - _____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Phallemphraxis - ____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Spermicide - _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Vasectomy - _______________________ </li></ul>
    67. 68. FILL IN THE BLANKS <ul><li>Balanoblennorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Oligospermia </li></ul><ul><li>Orchidynia </li></ul><ul><li>Oscheoplasty </li></ul><ul><li>Phallemphraxis </li></ul><ul><li>Spermicide </li></ul><ul><li>Vasectomy </li></ul><ul><li>Mucus discharge from the glans penis </li></ul><ul><li>Genital discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to low sperm </li></ul><ul><li>Pain in the testis </li></ul><ul><li>Scrotum corrective surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Penis obstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Sperm killer </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of vas deferens </li></ul>
    68. 69. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM <ul><li>Alveol/o – alveolus </li></ul><ul><li>Aspir/o, aspirat/o – inhaling, removal </li></ul><ul><li>Blenn/o – mucus </li></ul><ul><li>Bronch/o – bronchus, airway </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchiol/o – bronchiole </li></ul><ul><li>Capn/o – carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Coni/o – dust </li></ul><ul><li>Epiglott/o – epiglottis </li></ul><ul><li>Lal/o – speech, babble </li></ul><ul><li>Lampr/o – clear </li></ul><ul><li>Laryng/o – larynx </li></ul><ul><li>Lept/o – slender, thin, delicate </li></ul><ul><li>Lob/o – lobe </li></ul><ul><li>Mediastin/o – mediastinum, central area of thoracic cavity </li></ul><ul><li>Nas/o – nose </li></ul><ul><li>Olfact/o, osm/o, osphresi/o – sense of smell, odor, impulse </li></ul><ul><li>Ox/o – oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Pector/o – chest </li></ul><ul><li>Phas/o – speech </li></ul>
    69. 70. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM <ul><li>Phon/o – voice, sound </li></ul><ul><li>Phren/o – diaphragm, mind </li></ul><ul><li>Pimel/o - fat, fatty </li></ul><ul><li>Pleur/o – pleura </li></ul><ul><li>Pnea – breathing, breath </li></ul><ul><li>Pneum/o, pneumon/o – lung, air </li></ul><ul><li>Pulmon/o – lung </li></ul><ul><li>Respir/o, respirat/o – breath, breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Rhin/o – nose </li></ul><ul><li>Sept/o – partition </li></ul><ul><li>Silic/o – silica, quartz </li></ul><ul><li>Sin/o, sinus/o – cavity, sinus </li></ul><ul><li>Span/o – scanty, scarce </li></ul><ul><li>Spir/o – breath, breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Steth/o – chest </li></ul><ul><li>Therm/o – heat </li></ul><ul><li>Thorac/o, thorax/o – chest </li></ul><ul><li>Trache/o – trachea </li></ul>
    70. 71. MATCH THE TERMS <ul><li>Apnea </li></ul><ul><li>Alveolar atelectasis </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchospasm </li></ul><ul><li>Epiglottitis </li></ul><ul><li>Hemoptysis </li></ul><ul><li>Hemothorax </li></ul><ul><li>Hypercapnia </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoxia </li></ul><ul><li>Laryngoscope </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonitis </li></ul><ul><li>Spirometry </li></ul><ul><li>Stethoscope </li></ul><ul><li>Thoracentesis </li></ul><ul><li>Trachealmalacia </li></ul><ul><li>condition of excessive carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>to puncture/tap to draw fluid from the thoracic cavity </li></ul><ul><li>blood in the thoracic cavity </li></ul><ul><li>trachea softening </li></ul><ul><li>instrument to examine the larynx </li></ul><ul><li>inflammation of the epiglottis </li></ul><ul><li>without breathing </li></ul><ul><li>instrument to examine/listen to chest </li></ul><ul><li>incomplete expansion of alveoli </li></ul><ul><li>low/deficient oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>lung inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>spitting up blood </li></ul><ul><li>to measure breathing </li></ul><ul><li>airway contraction/twitching </li></ul>g. i. n. f. l. c. a. j. e. k. m. h. b. d.
    71. 72. URINARY SYSTEM <ul><li>Albumin/o – albumin </li></ul><ul><li>Azot/o – nitrogen, urea </li></ul><ul><li>Calci/o – calcium </li></ul><ul><li>Cali/o – calyx </li></ul><ul><li>Cupr/o - copper </li></ul><ul><li>Cyst / o – bladder </li></ul><ul><li>Fusc/o – dark brown </li></ul><ul><li>Glomerul/o - glomerulus </li></ul><ul><li>Glyc/o, gluc/o – sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Keton/o – ketones </li></ul><ul><li>Lith/o – stone, calculus </li></ul><ul><li>Nephr/o – kidney </li></ul><ul><li>Py/o – pus </li></ul><ul><li>Pyel/o – renal pelvis </li></ul><ul><li>Ren/o – kidney </li></ul><ul><li>Ur/o, urin/o – urine </li></ul><ul><li>Ureter/o – ureter </li></ul><ul><li>Urethr/o – urethra </li></ul><ul><li>Uric/o – uric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Vesic/o – urinary bladder </li></ul>
    72. 73. FILL IN THE BLANKS <ul><li>Cholecystectomy - ________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Cystitis - ________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Hematuria - _____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Nephrolithectomy - _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Nephrology - ____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Nephrosclerosis - _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Pyuria - _________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Renogastric - ____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Ureterostomy - ___________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Urethratresia - ___________________________ </li></ul>
    73. 74. FILL IN THE BLANKS <ul><li>Cystectomy </li></ul><ul><li>Cystitis </li></ul><ul><li>Hematuria </li></ul><ul><li>Nephrolithectomy </li></ul><ul><li>Nephrology </li></ul><ul><li>Nephrosclerosis </li></ul><ul><li>Pyuria </li></ul><ul><li>Renogastric </li></ul><ul><li>Ureterostomy </li></ul><ul><li>Urethratresia </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of the bladder </li></ul><ul><li>Bladder/cyst inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to blood in the urine </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of kidney stones </li></ul><ul><li>The study of the kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>Hardening of the kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>Pus in the urine </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to the kidneys & stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Forming a new opening for the ureter </li></ul><ul><li>Occlusion of the urethra </li></ul>
    74. 75. FIVE SENSES : HEARING <ul><li>Acous/o, acoust/o - hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Audi/o, audit/o – hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Aur/o - ear </li></ul><ul><li>Aricul/o – ear </li></ul><ul><li>Cochle/o – snail-shaped, auditory portion of inner ear </li></ul><ul><li>Myring/o - eardrum </li></ul><ul><li>Ot/o – ear </li></ul><ul><li>Son/o - sound </li></ul><ul><li>Tympan/o - eardrum </li></ul>
    75. 76. FIVE SENSES: SMELL <ul><li>Nas/o – nose </li></ul><ul><li>Olfact/o – smell </li></ul><ul><li>Osm/o – smell </li></ul><ul><li>Ophresi/o - smell </li></ul><ul><li>Rhin/o - nose </li></ul>I smell trouble!
    76. 77. FIVE SENSES: TOUCH <ul><li>Haph/e – touch </li></ul><ul><li>Pselaphes/o – touch </li></ul><ul><li>Tact/o – touch </li></ul><ul><li>Thigm/o - touch </li></ul>
    77. 78. FIVE SENSES: TASTE <ul><li>Gloss/o - tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Gustat/o – taste </li></ul><ul><li>Gust/o – taste </li></ul><ul><li>Lingu/o - tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Or/o – mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Stomat/o – mouth </li></ul>
    78. 79. FIVE SENSES: VISION <ul><li>Blephar/o, palpebr/o – eyelid </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunctiv/o – conjunctiva, thin membrane that covers the inside of the eyelid & outside of eyeball </li></ul><ul><li>Cor/o, pupill/o – pupil </li></ul><ul><li>Corne/o – cornea </li></ul><ul><li>Dacry/o – tear </li></ul><ul><li>Dipl/o – double </li></ul><ul><li>Hygr/o – moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Ir/o, irid/o – iris </li></ul><ul><li>Kerat/o – cornea </li></ul><ul><li>Lacrim/o – tear/lacrimal duct </li></ul><ul><li>Logad/o – whites of the eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Ocul/o – eye </li></ul><ul><li>Ophry/o – eyebrow </li></ul><ul><li>Ophthalm/o – eye </li></ul><ul><li>Opt/o – vision </li></ul><ul><li>Phac/o, phak/o – lens </li></ul><ul><li>Retin/o – retina </li></ul><ul><li>Scler/o – sclera </li></ul><ul><li>Stigmat/o – point </li></ul><ul><li>Uve/o – uvea </li></ul><ul><li>Vitre/o - glassy </li></ul>
    79. 80. MATCH THE TERMS <ul><li>Acoustic </li></ul><ul><li>Myringosis </li></ul><ul><li>Otodynia </li></ul><ul><li>Otorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Nasopharyngeal </li></ul><ul><li>Osmosis </li></ul><ul><li>Rhinoplasty </li></ul><ul><li>Rhinohemorrhagia </li></ul><ul><li>Haphephobia </li></ul><ul><li>Haphalgia </li></ul><ul><li>Thigmesthesia </li></ul><ul><li>Glossoepiglottic </li></ul><ul><li>Glossodynia </li></ul><ul><li>Stomatopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Blepharoptosis </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunctivitis </li></ul><ul><li>Diplopia </li></ul><ul><li>Opthalmologist </li></ul><ul><li>Phacomalacia </li></ul><ul><li>Pain in the ear </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to the nose and pharynx </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of smelling </li></ul><ul><li>Surgical repair/correction of the nose </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Ear discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of the eardrum </li></ul><ul><li>Painful touch </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to the tongue and epiglottis </li></ul><ul><li>Drooping eyelid </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive blood flow from the nose </li></ul><ul><li>Eye specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Sensation of touch </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of being touched </li></ul><ul><li>Double vision </li></ul><ul><li>Tongue pain </li></ul><ul><li>Softening of the lens of the eye </li></ul><ul><li>Inflammation of the conjunctiva </li></ul><ul><li>Disease of the mouth </li></ul>
    80. 81. MATCH THE TERMS <ul><li>Acoustic </li></ul><ul><li>Myringosis </li></ul><ul><li>Otodynia </li></ul><ul><li>Otorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Nasopharyngeal </li></ul><ul><li>Osmosis </li></ul><ul><li>Rhinoplasty </li></ul><ul><li>Rhinohemorrhagia </li></ul><ul><li>Haphephobia </li></ul><ul><li>Haphalgia </li></ul><ul><li>Thigmesthesia </li></ul><ul><li>Glossoepiglottic </li></ul><ul><li>Glossodynia </li></ul><ul><li>Stomatopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Blepharoptosis </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunctivitis </li></ul><ul><li>Diplopia </li></ul><ul><li>Opthalmologist </li></ul><ul><li>Phacomalacia </li></ul><ul><li>Pain in the ear </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to the nose and pharynx </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of smelling </li></ul><ul><li>Surgical repair/correction of the nose </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Ear discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of the eardrum </li></ul><ul><li>Painful touch </li></ul><ul><li>Pertaining to the tongue and epiglottis </li></ul><ul><li>Drooping eyelid </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive blood flow from the nose </li></ul><ul><li>Eye specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Sensation of touch </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of being touched </li></ul><ul><li>Double vision </li></ul><ul><li>Tongue pain </li></ul><ul><li>Softening of the lens of the eye </li></ul><ul><li>Inflammation of the conjunctiva </li></ul><ul><li>Disease of the mouth </li></ul>
    81. 82. TERMS THAT DON’T FOLLOW THE RULES <ul><li>Antispasmodic – drug agent that supresses involuntary contractions </li></ul><ul><li>Aphagia – difficulty or loss of the ability to swallow or eat </li></ul><ul><li>Sumptomatology – the study of symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Perianal – pertaining to around the anus </li></ul><ul><li>Thrombus – a solid mass formed in the heart or vessels (blood clot) </li></ul><ul><li>Lithotomy – incision to remove a stone </li></ul><ul><li>Uremia – pertaining to urea in the blood </li></ul><ul><li>Emphysema – a pathologic accumulation of air in tissues or organs </li></ul><ul><li>Pyocele – collection of pus in a bodily cavity </li></ul>
    82. 83. TERMS THAT DON’T FOLLOW THE RULES <ul><li>Pneumothorax – air in the chest / thorax </li></ul><ul><li>Diplegia – paralysis of like parts on both sides of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Leukemia – progressive, malignant disease of the blood forming organs, a type of cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Multipara – a woman who has had two or more births </li></ul><ul><li>Autodiagnosis – self diagnosis </li></ul>
    83. 84. TERMS THAT DON’T FOLLOW THE RULES <ul><li>Contraindication – any condition that renders a treatment as improper or undesirable </li></ul><ul><li>Transposition – displacement of a viscus to the opposite side </li></ul><ul><li>Acute – having sudden severe symptoms, usually life-threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Angina – chest pain </li></ul><ul><li>Cellular – pertaining to cells </li></ul><ul><li>Deltoid – resembling a triangle, rotator cuff, muscle in shoulder </li></ul>
    84. 85. Questions?