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2011 aids in africa master

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  • 1. HIV/AIDS in Africa July 2011
  • 2. Africa
    • There are 1.1 bilion people living in Africa
    • Sub-Saharan Africa has 836 million people
    • 307 million people live in the USA
    • Africa is 3x the land mass size of the US and is made up of 53 different countries
    • The bottom half of Africa is considered “sub-Saharan” Africa
    • Sub-Saharan Africa is home to 10% of the world’s population, but carries 66% of the world’s people who are infected with HIV
    • Some countries in sub-Saharan Africa are in danger of disappearing – dying – due to the AIDS pandemic
  • 3.  
  • 4. What is HIV/AIDS ?
    • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in humans
    • A person can have HIV without having AIDS , but HIV will develop into AIDS over time without treatment
    • Infected people don’t die of AIDS , they die of AIDS related illness: Tuberculosis, malaria, influenza
    • There is no cure for AIDS
  • 5. How did it begin ?
    • A descendent of SIV (simian immunodeficiency virus) found in west African chimpanzees
    • The virus jumped to humans in the 1940’s in Cameroon, West Africa
    • The most widely accepted theory is that it entered humans through hunting and eating monkeys
    • The oldest confirmed case of HIV was from the Leopoldville in the Congo
  • 6. And then what happened ?
    • Mass vaccination programs in the 1960’s reusing needles hundreds of times
    • Congo won independence in 1960 - the UN recruited Haitians professionals to rebuild the country - infected Haiti & area
    • 1981 first recorded case on US soil
    • 1986 Uganda had 17.8% infection rate
    • 2000 Botswana had 37.5% infection rate
    • 2005 Swaziland lead at 42% infection rate
      • Statistics vary depending on the source
  • 7. AIDS pandemic
    • There are 33.3 million people living with HIV/AIDS in the world - 2/3 of them live in sub-Saharan Africa.
    • The average life expectancy in Africa is 47 years, but in Swaziland it is 29
    • There are approximately 2.5 million children living with HIV today - 2.2 million of them in Africa
    • In 2009 2.6 million people were newly infected with HIV - 642,000 of them were children
  • 8. Death
    • On average 274 people die every hour of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa alone
    • That means 6,575 people every day
    • In 2005 2.8 million people died of AIDS globally - 290,000 of them were children
    • In 2009 1.3 million people died of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa (down from 2.1 million in 2006 due to ARV’s)
  • 9. How do you contract HIV/AIDS?
    • Unprotected sexual activity
    • There is no such thing as “safe sex”
    • Child birth
    • Body fluid/blood to blood transfer
    • You can not get it by sharing an apple
  • 10. How do you NOT get it?
    • A - Abstain
    • B - Be faithful
    • C - Condoms
  • 11. How did it spread so fast?
    • High risk life of long distance drivers
  • 12.  
  • 13. How did it spread so fast?
    • 2. Profitable mining practices
  • 14.  
  • 15. AIDS has a woman’s face
    • On average there are 36
    • young women living with
    • HIV for every 10 young
    • men in Africa
    • (ages 15-49).
  • 16. Global perspective
    • fastest spread of AIDS is in Russia and Ukraine through intervenes drug use
    • China has 1 million people infected with HIV/AIDS with limited public knowledge of the disease
    • India has 2.4 million infected people
    • US has 1 million people living with HIV with 43,000 infections in 2009
  • 17. Swaziland
    • The population of Swaziland is 950,000 , down from 1.1 million in 2005
    • Swaziland is the #1 AIDS infected country in the world where almost 1 out of 2 people (age 20-30) are infected with HIV/AIDS (46% prevalence rate)
    • Swaziland has 15,000+ orphan headed households
    • August 2004 70,000 orphans
    • October 2005 132,000 orphans in Swaziland
    • 2010 200,000 orphans in Swaziland
    • 2011 – estimated 500,000 OVC’s
    • 120,000 orphans in 1 st and 2 nd grade alone
  • 18. So what does it look like?
  • 19. Extreme poverty
  • 20. Children watch their parents die
  • 21.
    • Orphan
    • Headed
    • Households
  • 22. Children living on the street
  • 23.
    • 9+ year old girls
    • are in prostitution so they can eat
  • 24. No Education
    • Majority of Africans only have a grade 4 education
    • Orphan headed households can’t possibly afford school fees
    • Without education the spread of AIDS will continue to grow
    • 75% of girls between the ages of 15-24 do not know that AIDS is sexually transmitted
    • 50% of all new HIV infections in 2009 were with girls age 15-24 (2.7 million in Africa)
  • 25.
    • Children inhale
    • glue
    • and
    • gasoline
    • to escape
  • 26. No basic needs
  • 27. Little access to fresh water
  • 28.
    • Adults and
    • children pick
    • through
    • garbage cans
    • to eat
    • and survive
  • 29.
    • Children
    • live
    • alone
  • 30. Children starve to death
  • 31. Every 3 seconds a child dies of starvation/malnutrition
    • = 30,000 children die every day
    • = 11 million children die every year
    • of hunger/malnutrition
    • Why?
    • Because there was no
    • one there to provide food for them.
  • 32. The face of AIDS in Swaziland.
  • 33. Cindi’s story
  • 34. Tomorrow
    • Look closer at the people around you
        • Their age
        • Their health
        • Their heart
    • Pray for Swaziland
    • Give thanks for all that the Lord has given you
    • Ask Him what He wants you to do next.
  • 35. www.heartforafrica.org