The United Nations
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The United Nations

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    The United Nations The United Nations Presentation Transcript

    • The United Nations
    • The League of Nations, formed after WWI, was ineffective at addressing aggressions that led to WWII
      Countries that led the fight against Germany and Japan in WWII wanted to form a more useful, binding global government
      After World War II…
    • Established on October 24, 1945
      4 main purposes: maintain international peace, develop friendly relations between nations, cooperate to solve international problems, center for collaboration of the actions of nations
      The United Nations
    • One major problem of the League of Nations was the lack of division of responsibility, no way to coordinate military or economic actions between countries
      UN was created with 6 major ‘organs’ to avoid these issues
      The Security Council, The General Assembly, The Secretariat, The Economic and Social Council, The Trusteeship Council, The International Court of Justice
      Organs of the UN
    • Responsible for maintaining international peace and security
      15 countries: 5 permanent (US, Britian, France, Russia, China) and 10 non-permanent
      Makes binding decisions about international disputes
      Recommend mediations, send peacekeeping missions, impose economic sanctions and arms embargos
      Decisions must be passed by 9/15 members and all of the 5 permanent members
      The Security Council
    • Made up of every country in the United Nations
      Every country gets one vote
      2/3 majority required
      Cannot make binding decisions- all agreements are only recommendations
      The recommendations of the General Assembly are seen as the moral authority in international disputes
      The General Assembly
    • In charge of the substantive and administrative (i.e. desk work) work as designated by other organs
      Also carries out research functions
      Mainly bureaucratic, but able to bring issues that threaten international peace and security to the attention of the Security Council, and can become involved in any area that can be considered a threat to peace
      The Secretariat
    • ECOSOC- coordinates economic and social work of the UN
      Also works with non-governmental bodies, making it a key connection between the UN and civil society
      Oversees set up of organizations to address economic and social issues internationally
      The Economic and Social Council
    • Initally created to help ensure that 11 established Trust Territories were provided the adequate means to guide them into self government and independence
      By 1994, all of these territories had achieved independence
      Currently made up of the 5 permanent members of the Security Council, but only meets when necessary
      The Trusteeship Council
    • Main judicial organ of the UN
      15 elected judges
      Settles international disputes
      Participation by states is optional, but if a state chooses to go, the decisions made by the court are binding
      Also provides advisory opinions to other organs upon request
      The International Court of Justice
    • Choose ONE organ of the UN
      Research online:
      more details of its function and key officials within it
      its role within the UN and how it works with other organs
      Any sub-organizations it includes
      how it works to maintain international peace
      Write a 1.5-2 page narrative from the point of view of an official describing this information
      UN Organ Research Assignment