The United Nations
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The United Nations

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The United Nations The United Nations Presentation Transcript

  • The United Nations
  • The League of Nations, formed after WWI, was ineffective at addressing aggressions that led to WWII
    Countries that led the fight against Germany and Japan in WWII wanted to form a more useful, binding global government
    After World War II…
  • Established on October 24, 1945
    4 main purposes: maintain international peace, develop friendly relations between nations, cooperate to solve international problems, center for collaboration of the actions of nations
    The United Nations
  • One major problem of the League of Nations was the lack of division of responsibility, no way to coordinate military or economic actions between countries
    UN was created with 6 major ‘organs’ to avoid these issues
    The Security Council, The General Assembly, The Secretariat, The Economic and Social Council, The Trusteeship Council, The International Court of Justice
    Organs of the UN
  • Responsible for maintaining international peace and security
    15 countries: 5 permanent (US, Britian, France, Russia, China) and 10 non-permanent
    Makes binding decisions about international disputes
    Recommend mediations, send peacekeeping missions, impose economic sanctions and arms embargos
    Decisions must be passed by 9/15 members and all of the 5 permanent members
    The Security Council
  • Made up of every country in the United Nations
    Every country gets one vote
    2/3 majority required
    Cannot make binding decisions- all agreements are only recommendations
    The recommendations of the General Assembly are seen as the moral authority in international disputes
    The General Assembly
  • In charge of the substantive and administrative (i.e. desk work) work as designated by other organs
    Also carries out research functions
    Mainly bureaucratic, but able to bring issues that threaten international peace and security to the attention of the Security Council, and can become involved in any area that can be considered a threat to peace
    The Secretariat
  • ECOSOC- coordinates economic and social work of the UN
    Also works with non-governmental bodies, making it a key connection between the UN and civil society
    Oversees set up of organizations to address economic and social issues internationally
    The Economic and Social Council
  • Initally created to help ensure that 11 established Trust Territories were provided the adequate means to guide them into self government and independence
    By 1994, all of these territories had achieved independence
    Currently made up of the 5 permanent members of the Security Council, but only meets when necessary
    The Trusteeship Council
  • Main judicial organ of the UN
    15 elected judges
    Settles international disputes
    Participation by states is optional, but if a state chooses to go, the decisions made by the court are binding
    Also provides advisory opinions to other organs upon request
    The International Court of Justice
  • Choose ONE organ of the UN
    Research online:
    more details of its function and key officials within it
    its role within the UN and how it works with other organs
    Any sub-organizations it includes
    how it works to maintain international peace
    Write a 1.5-2 page narrative from the point of view of an official describing this information
    UN Organ Research Assignment